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United Press International 

HOUSTON — Space engineer Jim Ob erg 
theorizes man one day could remake other 
planets in Earth's image using a process 
called terraforming, planetary engineering 
to create atmospheres, oceans and forests 
where none now exist. 

Oberg said the process might take only 
1<X) years on Mars, which he said is Earth's 
most promising neighbor. 

"On Mars right now the sky is red be- 
cause of the dust, but there are certain 
things we might do to turn the sky blue and 
put our space suits in the closet and walk 
around in the open air." 

He sakl gravity on Liars, though less than 
half thai on Earth, is adequate to hold hu- 
man-supporting atmosphere if man can 
create one. But Mars gets very cold, with 
temperatures . minus 150 degrees Fahren- 
heit much of the time. 

Terraforming Mars would begin with 
heating the planet, using giant orbiting mir- 
rors or covering portions of its surface with 
heat-absorbing materials possibly quarried 
on Mars' moons, Oberg said. 

"The suspicion is there is water frozen in 
the soil and at the icecaps," he said. "You'd 
heat it up and it would become an ocean 
and evaporate into the atmosphere. The at- 
mosphere would become thicker and hold 
onto naturai heat." 

The thicker atmosphere would increase 
surface pressures, now ioo faint — about 
one-hundredth of Earth's — to support 
human life. 

"Once you get the thicker atmosphere, 
mostly water vapor and carbon dioxide, you 
then have to reak that down into regular ox- 
ygen and that's what plants are good for," 
Oberg said. "They use carbon dioxide and 
give off oxygen." 

The water and carbon dioxide would sup- 

worlds ■ 

port only lichen or algae at first, but Oberg 
theorizes oxygenation would grow to sup- 
port higher plants, then insects, then ani- 
mals, trees and finally humans. 

"Oxygen would give you an ozone layer to 
protect you from ultraviolet radiation," said 
Oberg, who argued the process eventually 
could become self-generating, like Earth's 

Oberg, a propulsion engineer for a major 
aerospace company and author of a book 
tentatively titled "New Earths," said 
Earth's moon or Venus might also be pros- 
pects for terraforming, but he said the 
moon's lack of water and Venus' high sur- 
face temperatures create different prob- 

Key questions, not to mention cost, are 
whether there's enough water on Mars, 
whether Mars' soil ;s too salty for Earth's 
plants, and whether there will be enough en- 
ergy available. 

There also might be ethical or religious 

"We wouldn't be playing God," Oberg 
said. "We would be replaying Genesis on 
another world. We'd be following the blue- 
print. The Earth is the blueprint." 

Even if man never achieves the creation 
of a human-supporting ecosystem on an- 
other planet, Oberg said questions raised 
and answered might help prevent the de- 
struction of Earth';; environment. 

He said tne idea has been nurtured by sci- 
ence fiction writers, including Dr. Jack Wil- 
liamson who coined the word "terraform- 
ing" in .1942, but Oberg wants to move it 
into the realm of theoretical science. 

That's why he helped coordinate a terra- 
forming session that was an unofficial side 
event to the recent Lunar and Planetary 
Science Conference at Johnson Space Cen- 


„■ * 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 

The Girl from 
Gold's Gym 

She's getting stronger and stronger and stronger 

by Eve Babitz 

The girl in Gold's Gym 
was standing with her 
face to the mirror and 
lifting weights. She was 
small, only about five 
feet three inches tall, but 
her arm muscles were 
perfectly defined, each 
muscle clearly showing, almost statuelike. 
Her calves were perhaps just a little too 
well developed to win a beauty contest. She 
wore a green workout leotard and a cutoff 
T-shirt stamped with a rose on the front; 
her torso was girdled by a wide leather 
belt, apparently the same kind of belt worn 
by most of the men there (who greatly out- 
numbered the women) to prevent their 
spines from collapsing under the strain. 

"Listen," Lisa Lyons said when I came 
in, "just sit somewhere and watch; I'll be 
with you in half an hour or so. I can't real- 
ly talk till I'm through." 

So I sat down on the floor, on a green 
rug. Gold's Gym is near the northwest 
corner of Second and Broadway in Santa 
Monica, California. Windows opened to 
Second Street and were lined outside by an 
audience of passersby who could not tear 
themselves from the sight of all those men 
with all those muscles trying to lift more 
and more and more. The atmosphere of se- 
riousness inside Gold's Gym came through 
in spite of continuous rock 'n' roll FM ra- 
dio blasting away. Everyone was suffering 
to a rhythm — maybe the wrong one. You 
couldn't help thinking that Gold's Gym 
should pipe in some Wagner, which, with 
its lofty aspirations and blond passions and 
force, would be so much more suitable. 
Lisa Lyons looked adorable. 
Her perfect little Bardot-Ronstadt face 
was framed in curls of chestnut brown 
caught up in a ponytail. Her brown eyes, 
edged by unmade-up eyelashes, sparkled, 
and her white teeth were perfect. Like all 
the truly serious people working out in 
Gold's Gym, she wore Nike running shoes. 
In the center of the workout room at 
Gold's Gym were machines for pushing 
and lifting weights backward and on your 
knees and in other superhuman positions. 
All around the walls of the gym were signs 
saying replace all weights and low 

Eve Babitz, a writer based in Los Angeles, 
can 't move a muscle. 

Photographs by Linda Shaffer 

Body builder Lisa Lyons, twenty-six years old, can dead lift 265 pounds. 


racks lined with weights and mirrors. 

At the end of Lisa's workout, she and 
her training partner, Jay Silva — who has a 
transcendently angelic smile above a body 
packed with wedges of iron muscles and 
covered with ebony skin — stood in front of 
a full-length mirror and reviewed what 
needed work. "Come in here," she said to 
me when they finished. 

I figured we'd go into a dressing room 
where she'd change into something else so 
that we could go out for lunch, and indeed 
she did unbuckle that wide leather belt and 
take it off, but that was all she took off. 
She makes a point of wearing her workout 
clothes wherever she goes; it is her idea of 
spreading the good word. (To my surprise, 
I noticed she wasn't sweating even under- 
neath the belt around her waist, and I 
asked her why. She showed me another 
pad that encircled her waist underneath 
her T-shirt. It was designed to stimulate 
sweat — and it does — but Lisa just doesn't 
look like she sweats.) 

"I started this body building two years 
ago," she told me while we were still in the 

Working out with barbells at Gold's Gym. 

gym. "Before that, I studied dancing and 
kendo — that's Japanese fencing. I wanted 
to be strong, and when I met Arnold 
Schwarzenegger, I saw there was potential 
to do something dramatic with myself." (It 
seems that everybody who meets Arnold 
gets their life changed.) 

"I'd been an art student, I'd wanted to 
do medical illustrations, and I loved the 
suppleness and grace and understanding of 
power, plus" — she looked around as we 
were walking out of Gold's Gym — "I fell 
in love with the scene." And with that, she 

laughed this bad-girl laugh and her curls 
curled more roundly around her face, mak- 
ing her look even more adorable. 

Lisa went to University High in L.A. 
Her father was an oral surgeon; her moth- 
er, an interior designer. At UCLA, she was 
very political and studied criticism in its 
graduate film school, which, as everyone 
knows, is where in L.A. Karl Marx resides, 
at least in spirit. Today, at age twenty-six, 
she has a job reading and synopsizing 
books and scripts for American Interna- 
tional Pictures, a job she can do mostly at 
home between Gold's Gym workouts. 

"I could have gotten a job as story edi- 
tor, but it's worth four hundred dollars a 
week to me to have my freedom," she told 
me. "I could never sit down inside all day 
like that." 

Somehow, out in Santa Monica and even 
at the elegant Cafe California, where we 
went to lunch, Lisa Lyons in her workout 
clothes, with her sweat shirt tied around 
her shoulders, looked okay enough not to 
rock the boat. Except for her sculptured 
biceps, she might have been simply a tennis 

Lisa Lyons poses with her training partner, Jay Silva. "I think women should be able to have a choice in ideals of physical beauty, " Lyons 
explains. "I mean, we're going into the Eighties, and we're headed into androgyny anyway, so why not?" 


single from the marina or a runner from 
the beach. The Cafe California is not 
where I thought I'd wind up one day with 
some lady body builder — I had thought 
she'd probably want to go to a health food 
place and drink carrot juice. But now, here 
she was eating an omelet and drinking cafe 
au lait just like a normal person. 

"I am a normal person," she told me. 
(By this time, I was feeling that she might 
indeed actually be a normal person, at least 
the kind of normal person I usually 
know — the kind that every so often goes 
off the deep end into something.) "I 
mean," she went on, "everybody thinks 
that to be a body builder you have to be a 
freak, but I don't think body building is 
very different from basketball. Except that 
in body building, the end you're striving 
for is aesthetic. That's why I think it 
should be taken seriously. 

"Plus, even the most freaked-out, unto- 
gether person from the street who goes 
into Gold's, you know, just to see what's 
happening, well . . . the discipline trans- 
forms anybody who tries it. The energy 
and desire inside that place are so high, 
and the people are so nice and understand- 
ing. I think," she said, "you should feel 
free to pursue whatever you feel will bene- 
fit you. I think women should be able to 
have a choice in ideals of physical beauty. I 
mean, we're going into the Eighties, and 
we're headed into androgyny anyway, so 
why not? Besides, how many women do 
you know who can do this, man?" she 
asked, and suddenly, when no one in the 
Cafe California was looking, she flexed her 
arm, and it turned into a burning-alive 
map in bas-relief of incredible muscles. 
Then she flashed me one of those hooky- 
girl smiles again and said, "It's art. It's liv- 
ing sculpture. Plus I can dead lift two hun- 
dred and sixty-five pounds." 

"What's 'dead lift'?" I asked. 

"That's from the ground." 

Lisa and I know all the same people in 
the movie business and the art world and 
even in jazz (she knows the piano player 
who's playing with Art Pepper, who's mar- 
ried to my cousin). But she can dead lift 
265 pounds. And she spends as much time 
as she can in Gold's Gym getting stronger 
and stronger and stronger. 

This year she won the First World 
Women's Body Building Championship. 
She wants to be on the President's Council 
for Physical Fitness. And she means to de- 
fine the New Beauty for Women. "Since I 
started doing this," she told me, "I'm hap- 
py all the time. You just can't help it." 

But she looked out the window impa- 
tiently from the Cafe California into the 
blue skies over Ocean Park, and I remem- 
bered that as she had left Jay Silva, her 
training partner, she made plans to meet 
him later at the gym. And I thought she'd 
be far happier once she was working again 
at her machine ... on one knee bending 
forward as she pulled heavy lead plates . . . 
with rock 'n' roll blasting overhead . . . 
back in Gold's Gym. -ttf 

lf you'd like to know why iron is murderous to whiskey write us here at the Distillery 


go out of their way to drink the cool water 
from our own Cave Spring. 

We only have two fountains. But folks could 
be working at the farthest warehouse and still 
find an excuse for getting by one of them. So 
we know our water is good for drinking. 
We also know it's good for Jack Daniel's. 
You see, it's completely iromfree — and 
iron is a natural enemy of good whiskey. 
A sip of Jack Daniel's, we believe, 
will tell you why we all appreciate 
our iron -free spring. 

Tennessee Whiskey • 90 Proof • Distilled and Bottled by Jack Daniel Distillery, 

Lem Motlow, Prop. Inc., Route 1, Lynchburg (Pop. 361), Tennessee 37352 

Placed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Government. 


You're the man. Here is what six of America's 
best men's shops have in store tor you this season 

bv Rita Hamilton 

To the men who shop in them, they feel like 
private clubs. They're sanctuaries that spare a 
man's having to walk through the toy depart- 
ment or an acre of furniture displays when he 
has better things to do. 
If you're already known in them, you'll be 
greeted by name and engaged in conversation before 
being shown the items known to suit your taste. If you 
are a new face, chances are you'll be treated like visit- 
ing royalty. Some are equipped with a private bar 
where you'll be offered a complimentary drink. In 
none of them will you be greeted with that salesclerk's 
cliche, "Can I help you?" 

What they are called depends on where you live or 
the circles you travel in. Some people call them bou- 
tiques. Others call them specialty stores. In plain, sim- 
ple English, they're men's stores — and there are more 
than 21,400 of them from coast to coast. 

On the next ten pages, Esquire presents six of the 

country's best men's stores. Unlike department stores, 
they do not deal with huge volumes of merchandise 
and massive customer flow. These smaller, special 
stores focus only on clothing. And they have reached 
the top of their field by paying more attention to fash- 
ion — and to customers — than their competitors do. 

Each of these stores has been turned into a several- 
million-dollar-a-year operation by the independent 
business people who own them. These are owners who 
depend only on themselves to call the shots. They de- 
cide on their store's fashion direction, buy the clothes, 
and train their sales staff to treat you as a client. 

We asked the heads of these premier men's stores to 
select some styles for this fall and winter. Each chose 
looks that represent the unique fashion philosophy 
that has brought the store success. And each passed 
along a tip on how you can act like an expert when 
you go to a men's store — something they are all ex- 
perts at or you wouldn't be reading about them here. 


Jerry tain 

If you're searching for America's legend- 
ary streets paved with gold, check out 
Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills. Here, the 
story goes, the fat checkbook meets the ul- 
timate in consumer luxuries. The world of 
men's fashion is no exception, according to 
Jerry Magnin, owner of the Rodeo Drive 
men's store bearing his name. 

"Historically, there's always been a lux- 
ury customer," says Magnin, a member of 
the family establishment that gave Amer- 
ica the prestigious Joseph and I. Magnin 
department stores. "Today, that customer 
is looking for the newest, hottest designer 

Rita Hamilton is fashion editor of Esquire. 

names. He's the guy we want to please." 

Despite the durability of the luxury mar- 
ket in Beverly Hills, Magnin took a consid- 
erable gamble on an unknown designer in 
1971. His name? Ralph Lauren. 

While statusy designer shops were com- 
mon in New York and Europe, California 
was still unproved territory when Magnin 
opened as part of his store the first Polo 
shop in America and offered only the col- 
lection of men's apparel designed by new- 
comer Lauren. 

"I offered Ralph the opportunity to do a 
total wardrobe package for men at a time 
when he was designing just suits, shirts, 
and ties," says Magnin. "He jumped at the 
chance. We went off to Europe, where he 
did his first shoes, sweaters, and accesso- 
ries. And he brought them in exclusively 
for us at no profit to himself." 

The gamble paid off for both men. To- 
day, Lauren is a $20-million fashion giant 
designing for men, women, and children. 
And his Polo shop on Rodeo Drive now 

accounts for 40 percent of Magnin's total 

Magnin's tip: "A man should start out 
by shopping around, visiting as many 
stores as possible. He should try on their 
suits to see how they fit and check out 
their merchandise, their displays, and their 
prices until he discovers the right store." 

Polo meets the trendiest at Magnin, 323 
North Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills. 

Photographs on pages 68-69 by Peter Credenza 


Dangerous Defects in the Draft for a U.N. 'Moon Treaty' 

To the Editor: 

Edward R. Finch's letter in support 
of the United Nations " moon treaty" 
[Sept. 13] passes over several vital 
issues. These issues have led the L-5 
Society, a nonprofit citizens' group in- 
terested in space, to oppose the treaty. 
As it is perhaps the most sweeping 
agreement ever proposed, this treaty 
deserves full public debate. 

Although called a moon treaty, the 
treaty would actually mandate the 
regulation of every non terrestrial 
body in the solar system, a resource 
base believed to be the practical 
equivalent of a thousand earths. This 
Is no idle concern for the distant fu- 
ture: In the primitive space tech- 
nology of today, engineers already see 
the promise of cheap spaceflight, 
cheap enough to make the space fron- 
tier a practical reality within a gener- 
ation. The prospect is staggering. 

Space has been declared the "com- 
mon province of all mankind," and it 
promises to play a great role in the 
human future. A major treaty on the 
solar system should, at a minimum : 

• Protect the rights and liberties of 
space settlers, to block the spread of 
oppression into space. 

• Protect the right of all people to 
their share of space resources, to as- 
sure the developing nations of their op- 
portunity to expand into space. 

• Protect the right of all people to 
use their share of space resources 


without hindrance, to insure that 
space resources are developed as soon 
as possible. 

In an attempt to put teeth into arms 
control agreements, the presently pro- 
posed treaty would erode the civil 
liberties of space settlers by permit- 
ting search of homes and other struc- 
tures without a warrant. 

In an attempt to protect the develop- 

ing nations' share of space resources, 
the treaty would set up an interna- 
tional regime empowered to create an 
OPEC-like monopoly over space re- 

This move destroys people's right of 
access to their share of resources and, 
ironically, promises to condemn space 
settlers to a colonial, share-cropping 

In testimony before Congress, Leigh 
S, Ratiner, past administrator of the 
Ocean Mining Administration, has de- 
scribed the treaty as "a giveaway of 
unprecedented proportions for which 
the U.S. obtains nothing in return." 
Representative John Breaux states 
that it "carries grave implications for 
the long-term economic security of the 
United States." By hampering the 
development of space, it would harm 
the long-term future of the world. 

This treaty, drafted by lawyers be- 
hind closed doors, clearly deserves 
close scrutiny. Unless action is taken, 
the U.N. may casually open this treaty 
for signature in a matter of weeks. 

The fate of the "common province of 
all mankind," the practical equivalent 
of a thousand new earths — surely this 
should be the subject, not of a quick 
vote, but of a great debate. 

K. Eric Drexler 
Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 29, 1979 
The writer, a director of the L-5 Soci- 
ety, is affiliated with the M.l.T. Space 
Systems Laboratory. 

L-5 Society 

1620 N. Park 

Tucson, Arizona 85719 


Board of Directors 

Freeman Dyson 

Institute for Advanced Study, 
Princeton University 

Hon. Barry Goldwater, Sr. 
U.S. Senator 

Philip K. Chapman 

former scientist astronaut, 
solar power satellite researcher. 
Arthur D. Little, Inc. 

Jerry Pournelle 
science writer, 
science fiction author 

Robert A. Heinlein 
science fiction author 

Cordon R. Woodcock 
Boring solar power 
satellite study manager 

Hon. Edward R. Finch, Jr. 
L-5 Society delegate 
to the I'nited Nations 

Harlan Smith 

Director. McDonald Observatory 

Barbara Marx Hubbard 
Chairwoman. International 
Committee for the Future 

Konrad K. Dannenberg 
former Project Director 
Jupiter missile system, 
Deputy Manager, Saturn program 

Arthur Rantrowitz 

Professor of Engineering. 
Dartmouth College 

J. Peter Vajk 

Science Applications, Inc. 

K. Eric Drexler 

Space Systems Laboratory 
Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology 

H. Keith Henson, President 
Analog Precision. Inc. 

Mark Hopkins 
Rand Corp. 

Norrie Huddle 
environmentalist, author, 
Island of Dreams 

Carolyn Henson. President 
L-5 Society 

Dear L-5 Member: 

A major emergency has arisen. The United Nations is ex- 
pected shortly to open for signatures the "Agreement Governing 
the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies." 
President Carter currently plans to sign it. But this treaty 
is a disaster for those of us who would go into space. 

Among other things, the promise of space is a promise of 
freedom, of frontiers where opportunities await those willing to 
try; where social experiments as radical as those which gave 
birth to our country can be tried. 

It will probably not surpri 
authority of governments of the 
Moon treaty is a major step in 1 
systems permitted in space to a 
It is also a major step in elimi 
who go into space, as one provis 
ernment to inspect (i.e. search) 
any celestial body. No warrants 
own police sometimes do, I doubt 
in a habitat! 

se you that the centralized 
Earth want none of this. This 
imiting the forms of economic 
single transnational monopoly, 
nating civil liberties for those 
ion of the treaty allows any gov- 
any object on or in orbit around 
are needed. Considering what our 
a KGB search would leave any air 

What can we do? The first step is to try to keep Carter from 
signing the treaty. Professional lobbying will be necessary, but 
if we are successful at this stage, it would be a real bargain, 
costing perhaps as little as $20,000. This figure has been quoted 
to us by Leigh Ratiner, the international law expert who has co- 
ordinated the Moon treaty opposition to date. 

Failing here, we must fight ratification of the treaty in the 
Senate. That gets expensive, $75,000 to kill it in committee, 
$500,000 if we have to fight it on the floor. Opponents of the 
Panama Canal Treaty spent millions on their fight. 

The consequences of losing are severe. A ratified treaty 
becomes part of the supreme law of the land. According to space 
lawyer Art Dula, it would open both private companies and govern- 
ment agencies to suits blocking research on, or investment in the 
use of extraterrestrial materials. 

The L-5 Society is not alone in these concerns. The American 
Astronautical Society, Future Life and OMNI have already joined 
forces with us. The National Space Institute, Sunsat Energy Council 
and Aerospace Industries Association seem likely to follow. 

However, it falls to us as the most affected group to spear- 
head this effort. Please join with me today in this work. Send 
us your check for $100, $50, whatever you can afford in the 
enclosed business reply envelope. With your help, freedom in 
space will prevail. 


H. Keith Henson 
Chairman, Fundraising 
Committee, Moon Treaty 

Page 2 

Micro-Based System AidsLoc 

- {ntetiigent Machifvts JouipJtJ' ?.-' 

5 .&• f!I F*.'., 

79 Aug 13 

The Law Enforcement Assis- 
tance Administration (LEAA) is 
sponsoring development of a police 
records system that will run on 
microcomputers and small minicom- 
puters. Called the "Police Opera- 
tions Support System," or 'Posse,' the 
system shows the lengths to which 
computer people will go to make an 

Posse is designed to give small 
and medium-sized police depart- 
ments, serving populations of 
100,000 or less, the ability to auto- 
mate their record-keeping systems 
at a reasonable cost. LEAA plans to 
develop a software package that is 
general enough to be modified to fit 
various agencies' needs and hard- 



Complete on two S- 1 00 boards. 

CAT- 1 00 is the original iS-cnior 

imaging system with high 

resolution video frame grabber. 


r«qu*st yours today ->- >~~~c 


Individual police departments 
will have to pay for their own equip- 
ment, but LEAA will provide the 
applications software and documen- 
tation at no cost In the future, LEAA 
plans to provide technical assistance 
to law enforcement agencies that 
wish to install Posse. Over 150 police 
forces have already expressed an 
interest in it, and 40 have said that 
they would definitely participate in 
the project. 

Posse is being developed and 
tested by the Applied Microsystems 
Division of Simeon Corporation, of 
Arlington, Virginia. A number of 
standalone software modules are 
being developed so that systems can 
be tailored to fit specific needs. The 
modules will include a master name 
index; records of offenses, arrest and 
incarceration, identification, and 
microfilm; enme reporting; and 
calls for service analysis. 

Other modules will include - 
youth contact, suspect/witness files, 
and records covering property, per- 
sonneL training, and manpower 
allocation. The software will be writ- 
ten in Cobol and Baaic to facilitate 
the transfer of programs between 

Initial installation and testing 
will take place at the beginning of 
1980 in Simi Valley, California; 
Grand Prarie^Texas; and LaureL 
Maryland. LEAA will provide docu- 
mentation including hardware pro- 
curement specifications and opera- 
v.onai procedures manuals. 

ojectto Develop Faster-Than-Light 
Communications Technology 

in the San Francisco Bay area 

A New Alpha Micro Source 




800 San Antonio Road 

Palo Alto, California 94303 


Gerry Baugus, Software 
BUI Morrow, Engineering 
Bob Moody, Marketing 

• Alpha Micro systems • 
multitasking inexpensive 

multiuser (time-sharing) reliable 

comprehensive business software customized configurations 

A group of scientists has begun 
a project to develop an information 
system which will work at speeds 
faster than light. Called "i- squared 
Associates,'' the group is led by Dr. 
Jack Sarfatti, and bases its work on 
his ideas in theoretical physics. 

The group's long- term objective 
is the "development of a range of 
hardware and software based on the 
hypothetical law of nature asserting 
the existence of superluminal infor- 
mation transfer without propagation 
of energy via the Einstein-Podolsky- 
Rosen quantum effect " The hard- 
ware would include patentable, laser- 
powered, fiber-optic, superluminal 
microprocessor chips capable of 
picosecond! trillionth of a second) 
performance without the neccesslty 
for ultra-small size or low supercon- 
ducting temperature.- 

The group' s present 3nort- term 
objective is the development of a 
working prototype based on Sarfatti'3 
theories and on experimental designs 
inspired by an original design of Dr. 
NickHerbert; A patent disclosure 
document on the original design was 
filed May 8, 1978, and another docu- 
ment for the revised design will be 
filed shortly. 

The group is currently seeking 
'seed' research and development 
funding, which it estimates may 
range from$650,00Q for the first 
year, to about So million over the 
next three years. It is projected that 
this initial investment will only be- 
sufficient to fund a demonstration 
that a prototype device can, in fact, . 
be- ouilt — a demonstration necessary 
u> counter the-objections of several 
prominent physicists- that 3uch a 

* device-cannot be built. 

Thus, the- initial investors will 

• either spend their money demon* 
jTxating the impossibility of con- 
trolled superluminal information 
transfer, or they will have made the 
first investment in what the group 
says, "might well be the most pro- 
found scientific and technological 
advance in human history. " 

The initial investment is also 
expected, to cover patent costs. The 
group is seeking a "fundamental 
patent," i-e., a patent which provides 
the owner with subsidiary rights to 
all future developments of the object 
of the patent 

The group says that if research 
and development efforts prove suc- 
cessful, they will have proven the 
possibility of developing super- fas t- 
super-complex computer systems 
using programming the versatility of 
which approaches that of the human 
mind By eliminating the speed of 
light as the fundamental limit on 
message transfer time in information 
processing equipment it would 
become possible to implement many 
algorithms which are currently con- 
sidered to be solvable in principle but 
not in practice, they claim. 

i-squared Associates sees other 
possible consequences of Dr. Sar- 
fatti's research: 

1. A more powerful and elegant 
formulation of the quantum 
theory in information-theoretic 
terms, using methods of com- 
binatoric topology. 

2. A more detailed understand- 
ing of the quantum mechanics 
of groups of coordi nated 
electrons inorganic molecules. 
This could lead to new high- 
energy synthetic fuels, new 
drugs with highly specific 
biological effects, and more effi- 
cient agricultural fertilizers. 

3. The extraction of very large 
quantities of quantum "zero- 
point" energy, locked in the 
vacuum of space itself in the 
absence of matter — the most 
speculative and distant 
possibility arising out of the 
exploration of the superluminal 
interpretation of the quantum 
theory. If this energy could be 
tapped, it would represent a 
long-term, stable solution to the 
energy problem; it would enable 
humans to reach the stars. 

For further information, con- 
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UpfrOnt **- f tr±1 ^ - Al the Chemist 

The consensus of opinion among 
experienced psychedelic adventurers 
is that MDA is the finest of the 
psychedelic drugs. Connoisseurs give 
it a high rating among psychoactive 
drugs in general. MDA, taken in the 
correct manner, at die correct place 
and time, can illuminate your mind in 
a truly phenomenal manner. Due to 
its unique properties, it cannot be 

The demand for MDA in the street 
market has produced numerous 
attempted fake preparations, 
however. One is a mixture of 
Methamphetamine, Dilaudid and 
"Acid." Another is a mixture of 
cocaine, heroin and "acid." "Acid," 
of course, is LSD-25. Authentic 
MDA, however, is a single 
semisynthetic substance, 3, 4- 
Methylenedioxy amphetamine. In its 
free-base form, it is an alkaline, fishy- 
smelling liquid which will not 
dissolve in water. For drug use, it is 
usually converted into one of its acid- 
derived salts, such as the 
Hydrochloride, which is a colorless, 
crystalline substance easily dissolved 
in water. When the crystals are small, 
they appear white. MDA is made 
indirectly by the chemical 

Quick , some 
combination of safrole, the 
characteristic aromatic principle of 
sassafras oil, with the basic gas, 
ammonia. It also can be made, using a 
procedure I developed, from 
Heliotropin, used in the perfume 
industry to give the scent of Hyacinths. 
When highly pure, MDA 
Hydrochloride has no odor, but 
white crystalline MDA Hydrochlor- 
ide in excess of 99% purity may still 
have a trace of the odor of the organic 
solvent from which it was crystallized 
(such as ether or methanol). Some 
impure preparations of MDA 
Hydrochloride may smell like 

Fortunately, a simple "street" test 
for authentic MDA exists. Carefully 
place a "matchheat" quantity (2 mg.) 
of the material being tested directly 
on the glowing hot area of a burning 
cigarette (non-mentholated). A 
whitish smoke will be produced, 
which should smell like sassafras 
(root beer), if the sample contains 
authentic MDA. Under the influence 
of heat, the MDA chemically reverts 
to its sassafras origin. If a black char 
forms on the cigarette where the 
MDA sample was placed, the MDA 
was cut with a carbohydrate, such as 

body slip Lenny some MDA. 
Inositol. Cutting is absolutely 
contra-indicated for MDA, due to its 
rare and unique properties; it has a 
subtle high. 

The "hot" substance in black 
pepper, called Piperine, also can be 
converted into MDA by a different 
sequence of chemical reactions. It is 
identical to the MDA prepared from 

MDA was invented by two 
German chemists, Mannich and 
Jacobsohn, who published their 
results in Chemishce Berichte 
Gesellschaft in 1910. It was not until 
1932 that the American psychophar- 
macologist, Gordon Alles, 
discovered MDA's pharmacological 
properties. Alles is also credited with 
the discovery of the drug properties 
of amphetamine. The Japanese have 
also done considerable research on 
MDA, from a chemical, rather than 
pharmacological, viewpoint. 

On September, 20, 1960, the well- 
known pharmaceutical manufactur- 
er, Smith, Kline and French 
Laboratories, was issued United 
States Patent No. 2, 953, 494 for 
MDA's therapeutic use to produce 
ataraxia in depressed mental patients. 
Ataraxia is defined as "perfect peace 

or calmness of faculties." On March 
7, 1961, S K &. F Labs was issued 
United States Patent No. 2, 974, 143 
for the therapeutic use of MDA to 
produce anorexia in obese patients. 
"Anorexia" is "suppression of 

S K &. F tested MDA, under the 

name of S K &. F No. 5 , in 400 human 

patients at dose rates of up to 300 

" milligrams per day (average "street" 

dose is 100 mg. of the uncut 

hydrochloride salt ). r 'Hauilucinations" 

were not among S K &. F's list of side 

effects of MDA, none of which were 

considered to be more than mild in 

nature. Patients under the influence 

of MDA actually were reported to do 

better on intelligence tests than 

normally. In 1967, the well-known 

amphetamine expert Dr. Alexander 

Shulgin and others reported in a 

scientific journal that MDA is not 

hallucinogenic in man in doses up to 

150 mg. Yet, on December 4, 1969, 

the State of North Carolina became 

the first jurisdiction in the world to 

attempt to make MDA illegal by 

misclassifying it as "a hallucinogenic 

substance similar to LSD-25." Two 

months later, a medical school 

research chemist, was arrested on an 

MDA manufacturing charge. 

However, his conviction one year 

later was reversed by the North 

Carolina Court of Appeals, on the 

grounds that the North Carolina 

Board of Health had not legally found 

fact that MDA was, indeed, 

hallucinogenic. Consequently, it 

could not lawfully have been made 

illegal. Present Federal law (the 1978 

Controlled Substances Act) is 

equally illogical, classifying MDA as a 

"Schedule I Controlled Substance," 

indicating that it has no recognized 

use in medicine, when it has, in fact, 

been patented as an anti-depressant in 

America and England. 

The term, "psychedelic," which 
currently means "mind-expanding", 
should not be construed to be 
synonymous with either "hallucino- 
genic" or "psychotomimetic," the 
latter meaning "mimicking insanity." 
MDA essentially is a sensory 
enhancer with the additional 
properties of increasing insight, 
intelligence, empathy, and physical 
ability. It also enhances illusionarv 
activity in near darkness and 
hypnogogic imagery, which is what 
one sees with eyes closed just before 
sleep. These visual phenomena are 
what confuse laymen into the 
misjudgment that hallucinatory 
activity is present. A true 
10 HiLIFE 

hallucination is a false sensory 
perception indistinguishable from 
reality and is a symptom of 
psychosis (insanity). True 
hallucinogenic drugs tend to cause 
hallucinations of all five senses, not 
just vision. Hypnogogic imagery, on 
the other hand, is considered normal. 
It can be produced by fatigue alone. 
One should bear in mind, however, 
that many substances, including 
aspirin, amphetamine, and, probably, 
MDA, if used in massively excessive 
amounts, can produce a dangerous 
"toxic psychosis" indistinguishable 
from true psychoses, and true 
hallucinations may very well result. 
Researchers should further keep in 
mind that many psychoactive drugs 
as well as stressful situations can 
precipitate an LSD-flashback 
phenomenon in susceptible subjects, 
again with the possibility of true 
hallucinations being manifested. 
Even marijuana can produce this 
misleading phenomenon. 
I MDA has been described as the 
/ "Love Drug." Timothy Leary 
/ described it as a "Cup of Love." 
I Actually, what is referred to here is the 
Biblical type of love — brotherly love. 
MDA greatly enhances empathy, the 
ability to look at problems from 
another person's point of view. Often 
two people who are bitter enemies 
can take MDA together, work out 
their antagonisms, and become good 
friends. MDA would do a lot for 
world peace, if the leaders of the 
nations would bring their MDA stash 
to the UN with them! 

Of course, the fact that MDA 
enhances one's senses and increases 
one's sexual capacity (as well as other 
types of physical abilities), does, 
indeed, enhance the sexual aspects of 
love. The empathetic feelings also add 
to the expression of sexual love. 

MDA's sensory enhancement 
intensifies colors and textures, giving 
things a new beauty not normally 
perceived. Its enhancement of sound 
results in a profoundly beautiful new 
perception of music wherein each 
individual instrument in a group can 
be singled out. Tactile stimulation 
becomes a new area of aesthetic 
perception. The heightened insight 
brings about a renewed interest in 
intellectual pursuits. MDA has been 
suggested in the scientific literature as 
an adjunct to problem solving and 
marriage counseling. It also is used to 
facilitate religious studies. 

MDA is very subtle drug whose 
psychedelic effects easily can be 
destroyed by other drugs or even by 

an improper attitude of the subject. 
Many antihistamines and cold 
remedies cause undesireable cross- 
tolerances to MDA lasting three days. 
Alcohol and barbiturates also destroy 
many of MDA's desirable effects. 
The ideal dose rate of MDA is 
approximately seven-tenths of a mg./ 
per lb. of bodyweight for psychedelic 
experience. MDA also causes a 3-day 
tolerance to itself, which should 
discourage its abuse. Ideally, it should 
not be used more than once every 
three days. 

All medicinal substances have 
toxicity limits. MDA appears to have 
a toxicity similar to that of 
amphetamine. Extrapolating from 
mouse toxicity data, one might 
conclude that a fatal dose of MDA 
Hydrochloride would be around one 
gram ( 1 ,000 mg) with cardiovascular 
collapse the cause of death. Doses 
above 250 mg. of the uncut drug 
should be avoided. WARNING! 
MDA followed by cocaine can be a 
fatal combination due to cocaine's 
dangerous property of enhancing the 
toxicity of other drugs, such as 
amphetamines or even adrenaline. 

Besides the properties already 
mentioned, MDA has a number of 
additional therapeutic properties with 
the important potential of being able 
to save many lives each year and 
alleviate much human suffering. 
Patent applications are currently in 
progress for the more important areas 
of its potential therapeutic 
applications other than those uses 
already patented. MDA is not a new 
drug in regard to its approval for 
human consumption. It was 
approved for human experimental 
use by the FDA back in the 1950s. 
BNDD's prohibition of MDA in the 
early 1970's by misclassifying it as a 
hallucinogen certainly is an 
anomalous reversal of federal policy 
leading to needless suffering and 
unnecessary death of our country's 
citizenry, yet is ominously typical of 
America's deteriorating medical 

To work with MDA in the United 
States, at this time requires a very 
stringent federal license which 
strongly suppresses valid research in 
this exceedingly important area. 
Research is, however, proceeding in a 
number of foreign countries, 
including the Soviet Union. I predict 
that within five years, MDA will be 
placed by the DEA in Schedule II, 
where it belongs, and you will be able 
to obtain it on prescription from 
your family physician. «^? 


Giannoulas as the KGB chicken 

The one chicken in every 
spot at Far West sports and 
public events is the flappable 
radio station KGB chicken from 
San Diego. With its infowlable 
agility to leap and cavort, the 
chicken clucks up everything 
from San Diego Padres base- 
ball games to supermarket 
openings. Feathered by Ted 
Giannoulas, 24, who now earns 
more than $50,000 a year for 
such appearances, the bird has 
flown as far as New York City 
with increasing recognition. 
Now, however, Giannoulas 
and KGB, which conceived the 
bird, are tangling over rights. 
KGB has filed a $250,000 dam- 
age suit claiming ownership 
of the chicken concept and cos- 
tume. The station is seeking 
an injunction to stop Gian- 
noulas' performances. Crowed 
Giannoulas: "I intend to win 
this chicken suit." 

If this is Friday, that must 
be Rosalynn Carter in Rome, 
tossing coins into the Trevi 
Fountain to ensure another 
trip to the Eternal City. With 
daughter Amy in tow, the First 
Lady made a whirlwind six- 
day tour of Geneva and Rome 
last week, meeting with World 
Health Organization experts to 
discuss mental health, and for 
35 minutes at the Vatican 
with Pope John Paul II. Leaving 
the papal study in long dress 
and veil, the First Lady said: 
"He's such a wonderful person, 
it was a great thrill for me." 
The Pope was obviously moved, 
as well. He gave Mrs. Carter 
an autographed photograph of 
himself, which Vatican Pope 
watchers called an unprece- 

dented gift. Later she told 
Italian political leaders that 
Husband Jimmy will visit 
Rome after his summit meet- 
ing in Vienna next month. If 
the Trevi coins are potent 
enough, Rosalynn will go along 
as well. 

There comes a time when 
even a Vice President would 
just as soon not demonstrate 
leadership. As when Walter 
Mondale flew back to Minneso- 
ta for the funeral of a longtime 
political friend. After the 
church service, Mondale's car 
shot off toward the Twin Cit- 
ies airport, where Air Force 
Two was waiting. Following 
such a leader, the cortege went 
where he did. At graveside, 
confused relatives wondered 
what had happened to the 
band of mourners that had 
filled the church. The misled 
cortege was finally halted four 
miles out of town by a sym- 
pathetic policeman, who 
turned the cars around and es- 

Former Senator Brooke in Washington with Anne Fleming 

corted them back to a post- 
funeral reception. 

Out but not down, former 
Massachusetts Senator Edward 

Rosalynn Carter and Daughter Amy with Pope John Paul II 

TIME. MAY 21. 1979 

W. Brooke, 59, is now "restruc- 
turing my life." Brooke, defeat- 
ed for a third term last fall 
largely because of the damag- 
ing publicity churned up by a 
messy divorce, scored a demi- 
triumph as a lobbyist for low- 
income housing before the 
same Senate subcommittee on 
which he once sat. Now 
Brooke is taking a second wife: 
Anne Fleming, 30, of Saint Mar- 
tin in the West Indies. Flem- 
ing speaks four languages, is a 
gourmet cook and opera buff. 
But her husband is obviously 
as impressed by her political 
credentials: her great-grandfa- 
ther, grandfather, father and 
uncle have all been mayors of 
French Saint Martin. 

On the Record 

Robert Byrd, Senate majority 
leader, receiving a letter from 
Jimmy Carter to "Senator Bob 
Byrd": "I wish they'd call me 
'Robert' down there." 

Midge Costanza, feminist and 
ex-White House aide, on the 
British election: "I myself am a 
liberal, and Margaret Thatch- 
er is conservative. But we've all 
been run by men whose philos- 
ophy we don't agree with. Why 
not a woman?" 

Bishop Abel Muzorewa, new 

Prime Minister of Zimbabwe- 
Rhodesia on his election: "I'm 
quite convinced that it's be- 
cause of the power of God." 



Gold on the body: the ancient 
urge that became a tradition. 

A woman emerges from her bath, 
towels herself dry and begins her 
dressing ritual. In the next few min- 
utes she reaches for a golden object 
— a necklace, a bracelet or a ring — 
and places it on her body. 

It is a simple, unceremonious act 
yet in one aspect it is utterly remark- 
able, for it is an act both as ancient 
as recorded history and as modern 
as tomorrow. The wearing of gold on 
the body, beginning as it must have, 
as a primitive urge, has not only ac- 
companied man through much of his 
evolution, it may even be his oldest 
surviving tradition. 

One would think that a behavior 

Gold Jewelry by M & J Savitt 

so universal would have a univer- 
sally accepted explanation, but this 
does not exist. The famous psychia- 
trists Freud and Jung disagreed. 
Others, too, have studied the phe- 
nomenon and the theories range 
from the almost incomprehensibly 
profound to the almost ludicrously 
superficial. More serious supposi- 
tions have included sexual enhance- 
ment, social or tribal status, an 
inner quest for immortality, self-de- 
ception, self-esteem, superstition, 
religion and, as in the case of Freud, 
a carnal hypothesis. What is gen- 
erally agreed to at this point is only 
that gold's attraction is deeply psy- 

chological and that it has touched 
both male and female and in every 
culture that has ever known the 

But it is a world unseeking of 
theories that has dedicated itself to 
gold adornment and today it does so 
on an extraordinary scale. In 1977, it 
swallowed up almost two -thirds of 
that year's new gold supply. It also 
helped support industries of consid- 
erable proportions — mining, refin- 
ing, manufacturing— all the way 
down to hundreds of thousands of re- 
tailers, over 30,000 in the U. S. alone. 

It should be noted that although 
much of the world wears gold, it 
wears it in different shades— some 
Europeans, for example, prefer 
slightly redder golds while in 
America the choice is often yellower. 
Karatage, or degree of real gold con- 
tent, varies, too, from country to 
country in a variety too extensive to 
list here. 

It seems worth adding, however, 
that much jewelry manufactured 
everywhere in the world today uses 
classic techniques that date back 
centuries, and the gold ring you 
wear was probably formed using a 
"lost wax" method known at least 
4,000 years. 

Gold, of course, is not the only 
viable ornamentation for the body. 
But it is the only material known to 
man that contains in combination 
the four characteristics of lustrous 
beauty, virtual indestructibility, ex- 
treme rarity, and ease of workability. 
And somehow this seems to be the 
magic combination that satisfies the 
inner calling of the human psyche 
more than anything else. 

This advertisement Li part of a series 
produced in the interest of a wider 
knowledge of mans most precious 
metal. For more information write to: 
The Gold Information Center, Depart- 
ment T49, P.O. Box 1269, FDR Sta- 
tion. New York, N. Y. 10022. 

The Gold Information ("enter. 

The Gold Information Center. 


Nat everyone wants tBw Beuttes bneh 

HOW TO get the Beatles back together? 
We asked some other gurus of the '60s for 
their advice on this most pressing matter. 
But Timo thy Learv. fam ed acid-head, says, "I 
wouldn't spend a penny to see them" — but 
(In true '60s hippie spirit) he'd go if he ma- 
naged to get "free tickets." Leary, now doing 
a stand-up philosopher act in night clubs, ex- 
plained: "It's like wanting to see the 1932 
Yankees. You could never reunite them. 
They're too old. The Beatles are middle-aged 
musicians who need face lifts." Former Chi- 
cago 7 member Jerry Rubin, however, hopes 
to realize a "lifelong dream" to see the Fab 
Four in person, in the proposed UN-spon- 
sored benefit for the boat people. But as a 
prime tactician of various '60s movements, 
Jerry cautions that "not too much pressure 

should be put on John Lennon. Maybe the 
time's not right for him." As for Lennon — 
currently considered the key hold-out in the 
reunion plan — William Kunstler, defender of 
trendy '60s liberal causes, believes that John, 
in the end, may be "the only Beatle who 
might do it. He has tried to identify with a lot 
of causes." For instance, Kunstler recalls, he 
went to London In 1973 to try to reunite the 
Beatles for a fundralsing tour for "civil 
rights, women's movements, gay movements, 
all movements." It didn't work out, but 
Kunstler says, "It was my understanding 
John wanted to do it. He always seemed the 
most liberal." Also, John and Yoko helped fi- 
nance Kunstler's defense of Michael Malik, a 
political prisoner In Trinidad. So what about 
John? Will he or won't he? Well, for some 

real insight Into the matter, we consulted 
The Post's own Dr. Joyce Brothers, who, It 
turns out, covered the Beatles' first arrival in 
America and reveals that "I'm probably one 
of the few people who has a picture with all 
four of them. One was taking my pulse, an- 
other taking off my shoe." But as for a reun- 
ion, Joyce isn't optimistic. "It's hard to say," 
she told us last night. "It's like a divorce. The 
anger is so great, and the disappointment — 
it's hard to go back together. Of the couples 
who divorce and get back together, only one 
out of 15 make it." Joyce feels "John would 
be much more willing If Paul weren't 
around." And she suggests that Paul's suc- 
cess since the Beatles' break-up probably 
bothers John (originally considered Paul's 
equal In talent) more than anything else. 

Page 12— S.F. EXAMINER **C Fri.. Aug. 10. '979 


CIA deadline in drug case 

WASHINGTON — A federal judge has given the CIA 
until Oct. 1 to release or reclassify the names of professional 
people and their institutions who willingly or unwittingly 
participated in the agency's drug and mind control 
experiments in the 1950s and 1960s. U.S. District Court Judge 
Louis Oberdorfer's instruction was made Wednesday on 
behalf of two associates of consumer advocate Ralph Nader. 
The order was issued despite an affidavit by CIA Director 
Stansfield Turner that the names of certain of the 
researchers and institutions must not be made public as they 
would compromise the agency's "sources and methods." All 
were involved in the CIA's top-secret MKULTRA project, 
which began in the 1950s and ran for more than a decade. 





Timothy Leary; Bruce Mahler 

(Improvisation; $5) 

"I am not a stand-up comedi- 
an, but I have done stand-up phi- 

With this prelude to his debut at 
the Improvisation, Timothy 
Leary went on to confirm the 
first part of that statement with- 
out question and cloud the sec- 
ond part in obfuscation. But it's 
only fair to report that many in 
the SRO crowd were laughing at 
something; perhaps they even 
understood him. 

Sample Learycisms: 

"This is the right time and the 
right place . . . intelligence and 
freedom are moving in waves 
from east to west . . . 

"The diety code has stacked 
the cards to win ... if you have 
to figure that out, you have to 
figure that out . . . 

"When you move east of La 
Brea you're moving down in in- 
telligence . . . Buffalo, N.Y., is 
an intelligence test and you 
flunked . . . 

"There is more acid used to- 
day than ever before ... 31 de- 
licious flavors in L.A. alone ... I 
must say for my parole officer 
that neither Barbara (his wife) 
nor I take any illegal drugs . . . 

"Let's have a cheer for im- 
mortality . . . it's dumb to die 
. . . scratch death from your ap- 
pointment book ..." 

It would be unfair to take such 

statements out of context, if 
there was a context. But since 
there was no context, it can not 
be unfair. Or can it? Leary may 
be the only one who knows for 

All of this, of course, is harm- 
less enough and may even be 
passable amusement for 
Leary's legion of followers. His 
only real mistake of the evening 
was poking derisive fun at peo- 
ple far more talented than he, in- 
cluding Woody Allen, Jane Fon- 
da, Joan Baez, Richard Burton, 
William Shakespeare, Ernest 
Hemingway, etc. 

Leary simply lacks the wit or 
insight for the attacks and it's 
doubtful any of his targets would 
spend a moment's bother on his 
foolish comments. 

Leary cues his observations to 
a slide show and obviously be- 
came rattled as the photos con- 
tinued to show up out of order. 
It's amazing that a supposedly 
professional show can foul up 
something so simple as the order 
of slides. But since it happens so 
often, there must be a mystery 
to it that only stand-up philos- 
ophers would understand. 

Bruce Mahler followed Leary, 
returning the Improv to its nor- 
mal status as a showcase for 
brilliant young comics. Mahler 
is simply hilarious, especially 
with his chicken. Hot. 



VOL. 184 No. 55 20 Pages Hollywood, California-90028, Wednesday, August 22, 1979 Newspaper Second Class P.O. Entry 35 Cents 

,,i if -(waww* BnufcjMiitr'-MV'Mni-i'r-^- 

ftereMo xfco dic^t uusr 
: coAe oor ^p that \\cl& 





Safe Harbor: The Sea as Therapy 

*FACH STROLL— Psychiatrist Oscar Janiger and his mate Vijali, both of whom swim daily in the sea, walk on the beach off Pacific Palisades. 


*Mgence IS the Ultimate' 

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TIMOTHY TEARY. Message #5 
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The Legendary Scientist 
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Leary Flight 
--'Dope and 

Timothy Leary's Weath- 
erman-assisted escape from 
prison Monday was charac- 
terized by Leary's attor- 
ney yesterday as represent- 
ing a "merger of dope and 
dynamite, flowers and 

Attorney Michael Kennedy 
also termed Leary's trip over 
the wall at California Men's 
Colony near San Luis Obispo 
"a fantastic revolutionary 

Kennedy and his partner 
Joseph Rhine have been han- 
dling Leary's appeal on a 
conviction of possession of 
marijuana since January. 
The attorneys had just com- 
pleted a 160-page appeal 
brief and Rhine had been to 
see Leary Friday, Kennedy 

Kennedy compared the sig- 
nature on a note sent to The 
Chronicle yesterday with sig- 
natures on legal documents 
in his possession and con- 
firmed that the message was 
indeed from Leary. 

In it, the former Harvard 
faculty member who turned 
on to LSD and dropped out to 
become guru to the flower 
child phenomenon, said he 
was helped out of jail by the 
"Weatherman underground." 

"There is the time for 
peace and the time for war," 
Leary said in part in his 
message. "There is the day 
of laughing Krishna and the 
day of Grim Shiva. Brothers 
and sisters, at this time let 
us have no more talk of 
peace. The conflict which we 
have sought to avoid is upon 
us. A world-wide ecological 
religious warfare. Life vs. 

Leary. who has now appar- 
ently joined a kind of fugitive 
elite of the American left 
that includes such notables 
a s Weatherman Bernadine 
Dohrn, black leader H. Rap 
Brown and Communist Ange- 
la Davis, was clearly high on 
revolution in his message 
from hiding. 

"Listen Nixon," he wrote 
with near nostalgia for days 
not long past, "we were nev- 
er that naive. We knew that 
flowers in your gun-barrels 
were risky. We too mremem- 
bered Munich and Auschwitz 
all too well as we chanted 
love and raised our Wood- 
stock fingers in the gentle 
sign of peace. 

"We beg 
let live, to love and let love, 
but you have chosen to kill 
and get killed. May Goi 
mercy on your lost soul." 

Notes on the Acid Renaissance 
By Charlie Haas 

TERRY (NOT HIS REAL NAME) sits cross-legged on 
a mattress covered with an intricately patterned Indian 
bedspread, looking around his living room, his alert eyes 
moving from a sand candle to a strobe light to a map of Mid- 
dle-earth to a poster of the Milky Way to a hollowed-out tele- 
vision set whose inside is papered with a fluorescent op-art 
print. Terry explains, with one of his frequent giggles, that 
the decor "probably has a lot to do with acid." Terry, who is 
30, has taken hundreds of "trips" on LSD ("acid"), a power- 
ful hallucinogenic drug that is the center of a Hold the god- 
damn phone! What is this. Family Weekly in 1965? 

Well, no; see, the inside joke here is that I was at Terry's 

house some months ago, out in that gray moral area between 
downtown L.A. and Pasadena, and while some of the objets 
around the room are souvenirs, he is not. Or if he is, he has a 
lot of company. LSD — the scariest and most tantalizing thing 
you can buy without a prescription, the white hope for instant 
psychotherapy that became a CIA toy and a bazooka in the 
Bohemian arsenal, the portable Lourdes that oiled the transi- 
tion of American youth from Elvis to Elvish and made all 
those honor students start dressing funny and printing up 
those unreadable purple-and-aqua posters — that LSD — is as 
nationally popular-now as it was ten years ago, despite the 
fact that the same media which then could speak of nothing 

"... Acid without granny 

glasses? Acid without 

Vietnam? Acid without the 

Strawberry Alarm Clock? 
Acid without freakouts?. . ." 


13 *** 7 ? 


else are now virtually silent on the subject. Among people 
who swallow it or sell it, or who monitor its use from the van- 
tage point of drug-abuse counseling, there is some sporting 
disagreement as to whether acid has been enjoying a renais- 
^^.sance for about two years or never went away in the first 
place, with the former view in the majority. But there is a 
consensus on at least two points: The bad trips and mental 
casualties that made such hot copy in the '60s seem to have 
diminished radically, and the volume of acid changing hands 
suggests that there are actually more users now than there 
were a decade ago. 

Terry is of the never-went- 
away persuasion. A purchas- 
ing agent for a nonprofit orga- 
nization, he wears his dirty- 
blond hair shoulder-long, with 
a jazzbo chin beard. He first 
took acid in 1968, when he 
was a history major at Occi- 
dental, and has been doing it 
regularly ever since. "Let's 
see," he says, "when was the 
last time I dropped? Well, we 
had our big party here — we 
have it once a year, and 
there's a punch, and usually 
70 to 100 people come, and 30 
or 40 will have some punch, 
and some of them will have a 
lot. That was the last time I 
dropped, about six weeks ago. 
And I'm still amazed each 
time. I mean, my head goes 
places it's never gone before, 
and although it's not shock- 
ing, it's still extremely pleas- 
ant. It's much more recrea- 
tional now. The first year of tripping, it was . . . theological. 
But now that I'm older and I've done it hundreds of times, I 
feel that — no, wait, it's not true, the party wasn't the last time 
I dropped. There's been another time since then. I did mush- 
rooms for The Lord of the Rings." 

WHILE TERRY HAS BEEN persistently finding and 
taking LSD for the past thirteen years, most of the 
users now in their thirties seem to be people who were 
taking acid up until the early '70s, stopped for a few years for 
reasons ranging from decreased availability to career demands 
to neural fatigue, and have started again within the past year 
or two. For Susan (not her real name either), a professional 
psychologist who resumed tripping last year after a four-year 
layoff, the ability to enjoy acid became the single clearest index 
of her emotional equilibrium. 


"In 1970, '71, at college, I was dropping at least once at 
week, sometimes twice, doing a ritual kind of thing of driving 
out to the desert at midnight and doing acid and watching the 
sun come up. That period of dropping very frequently was 
brief, but I continued dropping about once a month. Then to- 
ward . . . let's see, time is a difficult thing for me to conceptual- 
ize .. . well, I continued that lifestyle through my master's 
program. I got my master's, then got a full-time job with a 
mental health agency and worked there for a few years. I 
helped start one of the centers and was in charge of it for a 

couple of years. 

"I'm not sure when, but in 
'73 or '74, I started having a 
lot of difficulty with acid. I 
would be afraid of what was 
happening to my body. There 
was some kind of tape loop in 
my brain — I'd drop some acid, 
begin to feel stoned, feel the 
rush, and say. Wow, my body 
feels different, I wonder what's 
wrong with it. I feel really 
tight in my throat, I wonder 
why, maybe I better go to the 
hospital. Occasionally I would 
go to the hospital, and nothing 
would be wrong. 

"Looking back, I realize 
that I was stuck on a develop- 
mental level of working 
through a nonconscious pat- 
tern that I didn't understand. I 
think what was going on was 
that I'd taken enough acid so 
that I was open to levels of my 
unconscious that I hadn't pre- 
viously been open to, and I 
was not in a good psychological health space. I was having 
trouble with interpersonal relationship stuff, going through 
heavy questioning of myself and what I was doing — which in- 
cluded the question: Do professional psychologists take 
LSD? — hassles with the guy I was living with, pressure from 
my parents to be somebody I wasn't. 

"So in '74, after about four of these experiences, I decided to 
stop for a while and work on myself in therapy. I did that for a 
long time, constantly questioning whether I could take it again. 
It was like a test of me as a human being — can I handle it 
again? I went through a period of using no drugs at all, not 
even marijuana— I dp/i't believe in prescription drugs, so I 
wasn't using those anyway — and then I took a lot of drugs, 
excluding LSD. 

"Then, in 1978, I decided I could handle psychedelics again. 
I did it and liked it, and I feel that whatever was going on with 

". . . Tm still amazed each 
time. My head goes places 

its never gone before, 
although its not shocking. 
Its more recreational now'. . 



AUGUST 13, 1979 

Illustrated by Victor Moscoso 

.ie in 1974, I've worked through. It's interesting: When I do it 
now I can see in my head, almost like when you're driving 
down the freeway and you see a sign coming up — I can see that 
tape of Wow-my-body-feels-different-something's-wrong com- 
ing up and I don't plug it into the machine. In fact I now have 
a countertapc that says, 'Oh, that's the same old nonsense, I 
don't need to pay attention to that.' 

"I notice some differences since I started again. In the old 
days, I might have gotten some ideas about what should be 
done to save the country and I'd want to let people know about 
it. Now if I have those 
thoughts it's like, those are 
nice thoughts, it's nice that I 
know, but I'm not going to do 
anything about it." 

^t J ES, BUT . . . ACID 

^/without granny glasses? 

JL Without the Peanut But- 
ter Conspiracy or the Straw- 
berry Alarm Clock? Acid 
without Vietnam? Acid when 
the press and the movies have 
cocaine running relentlessly 
around their highly collective 
brain (although High Times 
runs the cover line welcome 
back lsd and quotes a nation- 
wide price of $2 to $3 a trip)? 
Acid without freakouts? 

Nancy Shannon, an intense, 
30-ish woman who speaks as if 
she has learned to cover a lot 
of ground in 50 minutes, was, 
until recently, the clinical di- 
rector of Do It Now, an 
eleven-year-old, nonprofit, 
"nonjudgmental" drug-abuse counseling agency in Hollywood, 
funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. (She has 
since started an independent counseling center.) 

"In the late '60s," Shannon says, "we were seeing a lot of 
LSD freakouts. We don't see that anymore. I think a lot of that 
is cultural change. A lot of freakouts were people responding to 
propaganda, to a cultural milieu that sent implicit messages 
that it was not okay to alter your consciousness in that way. A 
bad-vibe kind of message. What we see now are a lot of people 
who are doing it and not having any trouble with it. 

"The experience generally has changed. I think in the "60s, 
especially after '66 when it became illegal, there was a sense of 
defiance — a matter of 'They don't want us to take it and we 
know it's good and let's do it.' Now it's much more accepted to 
let on that you've tried LSD, and as a result the sense of com- 
munity that grew out of that defiance has diminished. It's not 

like We Are the Flower Children, but rather I Am Myself, in 
my own world, doing it for me. I think people still get insights 
about politics on LSD, but rather than taking that energy and 
going out with it, they're keeping it to themselves and saying. 
The way I'm going to cope with it in my life is this.' A great 
many people in the medical and health professions, healers, 
doctors, psychologists, having gone through their own LSD ex- 
periences, have been trying to find out how to do that without 
the drug, through meditation, Zen, yoga and kundalini." 
And then there are the great many people who are still doing 

it with acid, like Terry. "The 
first time I took it, in '68, ab- 
solutely nothing happened," 
Terry says. "I was terribly dis- 
appointed. I had studied acid. 
I was fascinated by Leary, Al- 
pert, Metzner, all those people 
at Harvard, and I'd been read- 
ing Life magazine, which had 
a great special issue on it, with 
people cringing in the corners 
looking at their cats — really 
marvelous stuff; it made me 
think, 'Boy, I need to have this 
right away.'' But, the first 
time, no effect; and the second 
time, almost no effect. 

"The third time, this friend 
came down from San Fran- 
cisco with what he claimed 
was direct from Owsley. And 
it was 1,000 mikes, which is 
more than anyone should ever 
take, of course. Well, I totally 
lost it." He giggles at some 
length. (Street dosages in the 
'60s generally were between 
250 and 500 micrograms. Today, 100 to 200 seems to be the 
norm.) "There was a strobe light in the room, and I was lean- 
ing with my face against it, and my mind was so accelerated 
and unfixed that when the strobe was on at full speed, it would 
flash once and I would have a dozen hallucinations and I would 
be surprised when the strobe flashed again. And it was going 
toogatoogatoogatooga, you know. 

"The important thing about that first time was the deep- 
down understanding that Other Things can happen. To sud- 
denly look out of your own eyes and have the world be radically 
different, although you remember what it looked like yesterday 
and you're quite sure you know how it will look tomorrow, but 
right now things are different— that's a revelation over and 
above the content of the specific revelations I was having. The 
revelation that you can alter your mechanism. It's — when 
you're a baby and you see that that thing out there is your 

". . /In around — lets see, 

time is a difficult thing 

for me to conceptualize — 

in '73 or '74, 1 began 

having difficulty with acid'. 




because it's already here — it's like TV. TV had a massive effect 
on people in the late '40s and early '50s, and it continues to 
have its effect, but it will never have that instantaneous impact 
again because it's not new. 

"I have a nephew who's just turned eighteen. When he was 
twelve, he came and stayed with me for a while and I gave him 
half a hit of Sunshine, and we went to the zoo, had a great 
time. He was here in 1977 with some friends of his, they'd all 
just graduated high school in New Orleans and one of the 
things they were doing on this trip was to go to San Francisco 
so they could walk around the 
Haight on the tenth anniver- 
sary of the Summer of Love. 
And it boggled me that these 
kids even care. It's the dead 
past, what possible difference 
could it make? And yet, to 
these kids, it was a major 
thing in the way they thought 
about themselves. They're not 
really being nostalgic, and 
they're not intellectuals ei- 
ther — they're just semibright 
New Orleans good old boys 
who happen to like LSD more 
than bourbon. 

"And I don't feel like a ster- 
eotype. Some people have 
walked into this room and 
said, 'Oh, how '60s,' and I 
think, 'Am I complimented, or 
did he just call me an ass- 
Jiole?' But I have 40 close 
friends, 30 of whom drop reg- 
ularly. And I'm the least suc- 
cessful person in the group — 
there are Ph.D.s, M.D.s, psy- 
chologists, teachers, authors. Maybe you can stereotype me, 
but certainly not them. It's an extremely varied group, finan- 
cially, sexually, philosophically." 

IN A WAY, IT'S ENCOURAGING to see all these people 
taking LSD again, or still. The LSD itself is not the encour- 
aging part (just another drug and their business anyway). 
What is encouraging is that the people, having been duly noti- 
fied of a new, 99 percent acid-free order more than five years 
ago by Time and Newsweek and the dailies and television, did 
not get with the program. They read that psychedelics were 
over with, and all that that entailed, but — contrary little bas- 
tards! — they would not do what they were told. They boogied 
not down; neither would they become account execs that they 
might afford Peruvian flake. The media could deal with add 
okay in the context of funny clothes and light shows, and what 

they can deal. with in the present context is cocaine, and wruu^ 
they have never liked is the intrusion of messy anomalies. And 
acid, well, acid is in the anomaly business. Its current renais- 
sance is one instance of what you might call cultural disobe- 
dience — an idea with which Terry, for one, has always been 

"When I was real small, I used to watch M Squad on televi- 
sion, and I had a fascination for the heroin addicts. M Squad 
had Lee Marvin, back when he was really lean and tough and 
made Jack Webb look like a sissy. Lee Marvin was just out 

there snarling, a mean cop 
who always had to deal with 
the scum of society, and he ran 
into junkies a lot. And I could 
never figure them out, because 
everyone around them knew 
that what they were doing was 
the worst thing for them, that 
it was making them commit 
crimes, that they were going to 
die and that it cost a lot of 
money. And yet they did it. 
And I wondered, what can 
motivate you to do so many 
self-negating things? It 
sounded like they must have 
something there, that some- 
how it was more important 
than the ordinary considera- 
tions they were running up 
against. It was like they were 
martyrs or saints or, I don't 
know, really dedicated people. 
And in the real environment of 
people I ate dinner with and 
went to school with, I'd never 
seen a dedicated person in my 
life. In fact, I'd never seen anybody that wouldn't do anything 
for $10 an hour more. 

"So from that point of view, drugs seemed neat to me. I 
mean, I was eleven, so that's what they seemed: neat. I was 
sure I was gonna try that, although I didn't know if I'd like it. 
As it turned out, I don't like downers at all — they're boring, 
and I can go to sleep by myself. I like cocaine but I can't afford 
it. Through my job I have access to nitrous oxide, which is just 
a marvelous drug. When done in combination with psyche- 
delics, it's beyond description. Two or three breaths and there 
you are, talking to the center of existence. You almost never 
remember what it says, and it really doesn't matter because 
it doesn't say much a'nyway. Most of the time it says 

And what do you say back to it, Terry? 

"You say, 'Right! Right! Absolutely!' " ■■ 

'. . . 'In the old days I'd 

want to let people know 

my ideas to save the 

country. Now they're 

just nice ideas, you know'. . 



AUGUST 1.1. 1979 




77 ~ 


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Forrest Cioppa, M.D. 

What types of disorders respond to acupuncture? 
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the most responsive disorders, including some sur- 
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Arthur Dei k man, M.D. 

Dr. Deikman outlines and discusses the different 

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the relationship between visionary and action modes 

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Werner Erhard 

The founder of EST explains basic tenets of "what 
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James Fadiman, Ph. D. 

What is transpersonal psychology we hear so much 
about today? Using practical terms, Fadiman defines, 
illustrates and describes both its subject matter and 
origin. He compares the logic of transpersonal and 
humanistic with behavioristic and psychoanalytic psy- 
chologies. Fadiman explains the paradigm change 
where a major belief system is now shifting in our 
culture, and indicates why the new paradigms are 
coming not from psychology, but from physics. 


James Fadiman, Ph. D. 

In this thought-provoking address , Dr. Fadiman 
describes results of recent psychological studies of 
mental phenomena and indicates how the data 
challenges traditional theories. Discussed are practical 
aspects of such techniques as hypnosis on memory, 
pain control, learning, aging; biofeedback; primal 
therapies; psychic healing; and subjectology. 


James Fadiman, Ph. D. 

Taking his cue from "the stuff of the world is mind 
stuff," Dr. Fadiman presents an overview of the 
"whole picture" in today's psychology. Included are 
four levels of "delusion" which characterize our ap- 
proaches to inner viewing; conscious and unconscious; 
mind and body; self and other; self and everything. 
Witty, sometimes satirical, this is Fadiman in high 


James Fadiman, Ph. D. 

The concepts of modern medicine are being changed 
in the face of new data on belief systems. Fadiman 
outlines how changing thought is leading to holistic 
medicine, how more and more disease processes can 
be changed by mental intervention. Provided here are 
facinating perspectives on so-called "miracles"; energy 
focusing to maintain health; the roles of symptoms 
in the body system; and returning healing power to 
the afflicted person. 


Clara Flagg, Allen Flagg 

"The uninterpreted dream is like an unopened letter 
from God." Using the Senoi tribe's (Malaya) principle 
and practice of dream interpretation, the Flaggs 
explain how dream manipulation can help you both 
physiologically and psychologically. Pointing to the 
night dream as one of the most creative potentials of 
our lives, they tell how to recognize dream symbols 
for what they are, and how to use the daydream, the 

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fantasy, and the re-dream to put dreams to work for 
positive results. Using dream examples from the 
audience, the Flaggs identify meanings of such 
symbols as cars, children, motorcycles, births, and 
provide guidance on how to handle these energy 
symbols for ourselves and our children. 


Jerome D. Frank, M.D. 

Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry at John Hopkins 
School of Medicine, Dr. Frank relates fascinating 
results of statistical studies which demonstrate effects 
of mental and emotional change on body health. 
Includes correlation between stress and illness, 
emotional states and diseases, and statistical evi- 
dence of subjective influences of doctors and hospi- 
tals on patient recovery. Dr. Frank points to evidence 
of a different reality and outlines three areas that 
warrant investigation. 


Robert F. Gilley, M.A. 

The dramatic, first-hand account of a patient, given 
less than 1% chance of recovery, who turned to tech- 
niques of mental imagery as a last resort. Gilley dis- 
cusses his attitude towards reality, effects of hospital 
atmospheres, the attitudes and methods of self- 
responsibility which gave him a second chance to live. 


Jack Holland, Ph. D. 

"If you believe you can, or can't, you are absolutely 
right." Holland points the way to energizing our 
whole systems through the quality of thoughts and 
attitudes. Using graphic examples, he substantiates 
the logic of individual uniqueness, and illustrates the 
energizing and de-energizing effects of emotional 
thoughts. Explained are the sequence of mind action, 
the effects of cosmic energy on astronauts, the key 
polarizing force for activating one's energy system. 


J. Allen Hynek, Ph. D. 

A recognized scientist in charge of Air Force studies 
on UFOs shares the evidence that convinced him 
UFOs represent a real phenomena, and are not just 
result of overheated imaginations. He discusses pat- 
terns of UFO shapes, behavior, locations, along with 
other common characteristics, and explores the logic 
of other life in the universe. 


George Leonard 

Tracing power to its original meaning of "ableness," 
Leonard examines the inherent power of the human- 
istic movement and calls for its use in self transfor- 
mation and social revolution. Outlined here is a new 
manner of getting the humanistic message across- 
communicating our aliveness— and using our power in 

a way that it leads neither to social detachment nor 
personal power for its own sake. Leonard profiles two 
key factors available in the power of the humanist 

Rollo May, Ph. D. and John Perry, M.D. 
In this joint presentation by two eminent scholars, we 
find that myths are an integral part of all civilizations 
as well as value systems of the individual. May and 
Perry profile the basic nature of myths, the relation- 
ship between their symbolic and literal meanings, the 
functional value of myths to the individual. Explored 
here are the great American myths, trends in myths 
and rituals, six myths of our day, and earmarks of our 
critical cultural change. 


Roy M. Menninger, M.D. 

Integrative medicine involves a co-equality of body 
and mind. "Very few physicians can say they practice 
it," says this recognized psychiatrist of a famed 
clinic. Dr. Menninger analyzes the traditional splits 
in medicine of mind and body, health and disease, 
and examines both their causes and the conditions 
that sustain them. Turning to the movement of self- 
actualization and human potential, Dr. Menninger 
warns of the collision course set with that of tra- 
ditional medicine. With equal criticism for both sides, 
he provides thought-provoking evidence of obstacles 
that hinder progress to an integrative approach. 


Edgar D. Mitchell, Ph. D. 

Astronaut, test pilot, engineer, Capt. Mitchell explores 
the profound implications of discovering and applying 
the principles of para-psychology phenomena on 
human life. Mitchell describes Noetics— the emerging 
science of consciousness— and points to the evidence 
from parapsychology which suggests an energy mecha- 
nism that cannot be explained in terms of the con- 
ventional theory of the four forces in today's physical 
sciences. Outlined are six areas of crucial research he 
recommends we should be investigating, with ex- 
amples of how this new energy force can change our 
lives within the near future. 


Irving Oyle, D. O. 

Director of a holistic health practice, Dr. Oyle com- 
pares practice of conventional medicine with that of 
holistic health, in which the treatment tries to change 
disease by changing the patient. Explained here is the 
correlation between thought and body state, the chain 
reaction in physical processes which result from 
different mental states. Dr. Oyle reviews two basic 
ways of orienting to the universe according to person- 
ality type and the resulting correlation with sympa- 

.0. Box 592, 19035 Brookview Dr., Saratoga, Ca. 95070 

(continued on next page) 

thetic and para-sympathetic nervous systems. Included 
is his step-by-step exercise for treatment of "The 
Nameless Dreads." 


Joseph Chilton Pearce 

For those interested in the balancing process between 
the individual and the environment, Pearce traces the 
development of brain functioning, mind processes and 
adaptation from infancy to adulthood. Here is an in- 
depth, penetrating look at both the practical and 
theoretical aspects of intellect, concepts, semantic vs. 
non-verbal reality, the homeostasis state, reversibility 
thinking, roof brain chatter and how anxiety is 
created in the child. 


Carl Rogers, Ph. D. 

One of the major phenomenon of our times is often 
called "the inner revolution," the "new revolution" 
or what Carl Rogers calls "the potent ferment." 
Rogers profiles the qualities, characteristics and 
cultural trends of the emerging person which may re- 
shape our world. Rogers describes seven sources of 
expected antagonistic resistance which the new move- 
ment can expect. 



Robert Samples 

Understanding that each side of the brain is special- 
ized—the right being intuitive for most people, the 
left side logical— Samples summarizes studies of 
children's response patterns in problem-solving situ- 
ations. This address points up the importance of 
integrative action between the hemispheres, and how 
social prejudice against use of intuitive hemisphere is 
self defeating. 


Will Schutz, Ph. D. 

What are the interactions between our minds, bodies 
and energies? William Schutz emphasizes the choices 
of self realization we all have— we are not at mercy of 
forces we thought— and the basic steps involved to 
make it happen. This lecture demonstrates the dy- 
namics among body, mind, tensions and energy. 
Included are explanations of energy cycles; three 
character types in bio-energetics; the "Bannister 
effect" and how beliefs establish our limits. 


Will Schutz, Ph. D. 

Which self-realization method is best? Will Schutz 
compares the principles and methods currently used 
in major approaches, and suggests a way for deciding 
which is best for you. Included are explanations and 
applications of three major principles: Homeopathic, 

Karma-Cleaning and Principle of Choice. Invaluable 
guide for those seeking a clear perspective on confus- 
ing variety of current programs. 


0. Carl Simon ton, M.D. 
Stephanie Mathews, Therapist 
Pioneers in using psychological intervention in cancer 
management, the speakers provide both objective and 
subjective evidence of the effects of emotion, value 
systems, and mental states on the disease. Presentation 
includes three things that provided logic base for their 
approach, profile of therapies used (including imaging 
three times a day), importance of tools for coping 
with stress, and personality factors characteristic of 
those responding well to treatment. Their experience 
provides valuable insights into both possible preven- 
tion and treatment of the disease. 


Houston Smith, Ph. D. 

What are— and how valid— are our experiential sources 
for knowing the universe? Smith provides six pano- 
ramic pieces in what he calls "the mosaic view of 
reality." Highlighted are the comparative views of 
science and the traditional— why a scientific world 
view is impossible— five parallel points that indicate 
agreement between scientists and traditionalists, the 
roles of paradoxes, contradictions and "counter- 
intuitive characteristics" of nature. Expressed in 
understandable terms, Smith's perspective offers pro- 
found insights in both the scope and limitations of 
human knowledge. 


Alan Vaughn 

How has psychical research contributed to our under- 
standing of consciousness? Vaughn describes scientific 
experiments and results— including some at Stanford 
Research Institute— on such phenomena as telepathy, 
psychopatic, ESP, psychic surgery and projection of 
consciousness. Includes evidence that consciousness is 
not limited to the brain, and can transcend both time 
and space. 


John White, M.A.T. 

Speaking to the "Crisis of Consciousness," White pro- 
files the relationship of consciousness to nature's 
evolution. Presented here is a practical overview of 
meditation as it is used in Zen, Yoga and Trans- 
cendental Meditation— what it is, how it's used in each 
of these disciplines. In addition, the results of medi- 
tation as documented by objective research findings 
are summarized, including its benefits on counsellors 
and those interested in self-actualization. 

ORDER TODAY— your cassette tapes will be mailed within 3 days. 




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<y > - 

'■■ . ■ ■ ' - ■ 

\ "^- [ft! :»'-"^i55? 

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Y 71,344,660 SUNDAY 


Gov. Brown stands behind Jane Fonda at meeting of Arts Council. 

AP Wirephoto 


Brown Calls Rejection of 
Miss Fonda Gutless Act 


Times Staff Writers 

SACRAMENTO-With Jane Fonda, 
joining in the applause, Gov. Brown 
Friday charged California state sena- 
tors "lacked guts" and were "small- 
minded" for rejecting his appointment 
of the Academy Award -winning ac- 
tress to the state Arts Council. 

Miss Fonda then delivered a pre- 
pared statement accusing the Senate 
of "McCarthyism" and left the meet- 
ing, refusing to talk to reporters and 
daubing tears from her eyes. 

Brown accompanied Miss Fonda to 
Friday's meeting of the council, and 
she sat with the governor and council 
members, who joined Brown in con- 
demning last week's 28-5 Senate ac- 

Brown accused the senators of giv- 
ing more weight to Miss Fonda's po- 
litical beliefs and her activities in op- 
posing the Vietnam war than to her 
artistic achievements. 

"We're not going to set artistic 
standards if we become subject to 
log-rolling, cheap political strategies 
or partisan bickering. We have to 
transcend that," the governor said. 

"Small-mindedness always has 
been in conflict with artistic excel- 
lence, which is not to be unexpected." 

During their floor debate last week, 
senators attacked a 1972 trip to Hanoi 
undertaken by Miss Fonda. One Re- 
publican member accused her of trea- 
son for "giving aid and comfort to the 
enemy" by broadcasting an appeal to 
U.S. pilots to halt their bombing. 

But Brown, in an impromptu press 
conference later Friday, declared: 

"A number of these senators were 
afraid for their own election. Some of 
these senators, some of these big 

men, are afraid of Jane Fonda and 
they felt that her art, her voice, her 
influence if you will, was too much 
for them. 

"I think these people not only are 
small, but they lack the guts to at 
least let her come before the Senate 
and speak her mind. Let them call her 
to her face the names they mouthed 
in the protective cover of their cham- 
ber. That really is the disreputable 
and dishonorable thing about this." 

Miss Fonda's statement, which she 
evidently had rehearsed, closely pa- 
ralleled an article of hers which ap- 
peared in The Times Wednesday. She 
stuck closely to a prepared text, but 
glanced only occasionally at the type- 
written words before her. 

"I think it is shocking that a large 
majority of our state Senate chose to 
inject politics into what should have 
been a discussion of my merits as an 
artist to represent the arts communi- 
ty in California," she said. 

"They excoriated my name and my 
reputation in the most vicious terms 
on the floor of the Senate without of- 
fering me any opportunity to answer 
their charges." 

She hugged members of the coun- 
cil, then slipped out of the hearing 
room to a waiting elevator without 
talking to reporters. 

The reporters were anxious to ask 
her about a report that she had 
pledged to raise $3.5 million for 
Brown's expected presidential cam- 

That report followed the governor s 

controversial appointment of retired 

Marine Corps. Col. Edison W. Miller, 

Please Turn to Page 24, Col. 1 


August 10-17, 

asks f or cBosififg of 



latest episode in the continuing 
of Dr« Timothy Leary begins 

to unfold, we find our friendly 

hope fiend furiously fiiir 

federal class-action suit in an 

parently serious attempt 

challenge the Califon 


"Timothy Leary, through 

P.R.O.B.E. (Political Reform 

Organization for 
.Education) brings this a 

close the California State Pri 
fcecause same are Uncom 

Place: • late the ! 

Federal Civil Rights." 

Assembly and the California 
Department of Corrections. 

In a well-researched legal brief 
Leary charges Reagan as a key 
"conspirator" in efforts to deny 
inmates of their constitutional 
ts. He further 
-ornia prisons are "part of a 
nation -wide' network of the Prison 
Empire that has set up an oligar- 
chical police-state in the United 
States of America." 
To support this cl 

d P.R.O.B.E. 
csembled and im- 
~:s and lor 
s. .. 
d ' _r.t deduce 

ik Yi c pre appr overling a point 
where one third of the taxpayers 
are supporting a second third of 
the population to cc 
alienated third of the citizenry 

ot example, he is auvocating some 
actually wotkahle solutions to the 
inequities of the present penal 
system. The relief that Leary is 
asking of the courts includes such 

'Prisoners convicted 

■ •-> 

1 execute full respon- 
sibility for self-government and to 
Jive a normal life in every respect 
except to leave the boundaries of 
the colony." 

Uilfortuni- . y was 

not available to comment rlirectlv 

cnaiienge me California penal 
3.B.E. (Poli 
anizaiion for 
£ducation) brings this aci 
close the California Statt 
because same are Unconstitul 
Places thi the Plai; 

nation-wide network, ot the Prison 
. has set up an oligar- 
police-state in the United 
of Amc 
To support ti 
end the prii ! PR.O.B.E. 

people have assembled and im- 
pressive array of facts and 
ns. Amonr 

I ' 

>r<> p r 


prisons do not 

as th< ,:err of India se' 

and identifies its 'untouchables.'" 

* *We are approaching a point 
where one third of the taxpayers 
are supp rd of 
the population to control an 
alienated third of the citizenry 
(the welfare. ill, and, 
criminal popula' 

* "The conf 

and wom c „ conditions of 

involuntary servitude i: 
baric, psycho: 
process which 

of example, he is advocating some 
actually workable solutions to the 
inequities of the present p.- 
system. The relief that Leary is 
asking of the courts incU 
ideras as: 

* "Prisoners convicted of 
financial crimes {without force or 
violence) . . . be released op con- 
dition of working out an 
gement foi vic- 

tims.... Prisoners convicted of 
force and violence . . . transferred 
to restricted c 3 

to accept and execute full respon- 
sibility for self-government and to 
live a normal life in every respect 
except to leave the boundaries of 
the color 

Unfortunately, fim Leary was 
not available to comment directly. 
vc have received a letter 
me', which sta. 

ter rebuttal by the Attc 

inciease the 

'-)»-**■ <•*■ 

' / 


Gate Theater Screens a Psychedelicate Subject 


Psychedelic art they call it— 
the -tempt to suggest the psy- 
chedelic experience, or even to 
duplicate it, by using lights 
,1 rv i colors and shapes, 
ca Ue<J con- 
ending chemicals 

1 More and more psychedelic 
art— or, as its devotees call it, 
No-Art— is bound to show up 
In New York as public curiosity 
about the LSD experience 
crows. A current sample - 
^rve-i short films collective! 
labeled "Psychedelia" — 
available through Tuesdrfyla 
the Gate Thoatdr, at *62S5e4na 
Avenue (bctwec\a lOJfha^lWn 
Streets). f V/f] / 

About 200(_pQ*)i%y«wne to 
Thursday nigm's \how— a tun 
house for the Gate. One reason 
for the large audience might 
have been the pro-ence, that 
, night onlv, of Vr. RilnJi Metz- 
»*r, an associate of Dr. Tim- 
fcthv Learv^JJie leading-+H?« 

Dr Metzner spoke about psy- 
chedelic Mfcfih ^fffle- 
^To P °prod\^%ir*alteration of 
consciousness in the viewer." 
Ideally, he said, this alteration 
helps the viewer "to enlarge 
hi* vision of reality." But, 
"what you do with the effect 
Is up to you." 

Successful No-Art, said Dr. 
Vetzner, must have the com- 
pelling quality of an LSD ex- 
perience. Necessary ingredi- 
ents are a. feeling "of constant 
rhanee and movement." a s*nse 
cf "intermintled energies," s> 

sensation that the viewer is 
being drawn into a "center 
through which he can move to 
another dimension " 

"You have to let yourself be 
pulled in," he told his audience, 
•'Like LSD, if you struggle 
against it. you'll get nothing 
but the painful sensation of 

Dr. Metzner said that one of 

the items on the program] 

Richard Aldcroft's "Infinity 

I Machine." came as close to ap 

jmating the psychedeli 

e as any No- Art he 

but not compelling. Seenjzig-zags and starbursts painted 
with the special goggles that directly on the film. The second 
Mr Aldcroft uses in his studio | was as abstract but more pho- 
to focus the viewer's attention, to g rap hically conceived, more 
completely en the P?;"erns, lonRpr and in color . 

K nl rr y JSon5 In closS^to ^ Both suggested that action 

Meaner s description. painting may have ound, in 

AU of the films on the pro- film, a home that suits It rar 

gram were experimental, but better than canvas ever 


ity Machine" is not a 
a kaleidoscopic device 
that projects an infinite series 
of changing colors and patterns 
on a screen. The effect, on one 
viewer, was that of watching 
a slow-motion film of a flower 
—sometimes a particular^ 
poisonous-looking (maybe even 
carnivorous) flower — bursting 
(sluggishly into bloom; shrink- 
in*; back to bud; blooming 
anew with different petals in 
different colors. 

On the Gate's small movie 
screen, the effect was intercst- 

'riot all, perhaps, were as di 
rectly related to the psyche 
delic experience as the billing 
would have it. The most inter J 
ostins were Aldo Tambelllni s 
"Black Is" and Storm De 
Hirsch's "Pcyote Queen." 

The first was a dazzling sue 

The entire evening suggested \ 
something else: that psyche- 1 
delic art demands better tech-| 
nical presentation than It can ( 
get at theaters like the Gate, if i 
it is to overwhelm its viewers 
as it must. When the Cinerama 

The first was a aazzung out,- « '",*»" v^irf of U— watch 
ce^ion of black-on-white and; people get hold of it-watch 
white-on-black splotches, dots, 'out. 

TODAY at 2:30 and 8:30 




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at 89-90 Sts. 



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yk^ffCAPIT01»w>Yt>h. ST •*)?** 


IJosep e. levine piwnu THE ROYAL BALLET /SEATS NOVVl 



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PrVate Partle* 

Open daily noon to midnight 

American Exprew — Diner. Club 

TODAY at 2:30 & 8:30 P.M. TOM'W.- 2:30 & 8:00 P.M. 

225 WEST 57 ST., JU 2-2333 430 PLANOOME RD.. MA 7-7»»7 | 503 CEDAR LANE. 836-3800 

LEhigh 4-8873 



2 Shows Today 

(Dr. Timothy Leary Is Barred 
| By Philadelphia TV Station 

mWiPF^ Dec. i 

(UPI)— Station KYW-TV an- 

inounced today that it had can- 

tnSSUfe' Proponent 

t^J™*!*^^'™ the best 
interests of oiif ,.;~ r::r z .. 

Lr?£ Leary ' f °rmer Harvard! 
professor and founder of the P 
.league for Spiritual Discovery 
was scheduled to appear on the I 
station's "Contact" program 
next Thursday. Fred E. ^H 
the station* general manager 

saia tile 'npf.tTTni i -I,, 

M«i SfflS tSZE arid" 

l infl ^U8W'|S Dr -W&y , s re- 1 
fmarks^utnTs experience with 
-I lie psychedelic drug" 
i Last Saturday, a 15-year-old 

(sixth-floor apartment after tell- { 

Dr. Timothy Leary Is Barred I 

By Philadelphia TV Station; 






d ( 

iedu4cd-;i T'/fo ^ nc ' 
the 1 
j interests of (5t5F = *y / wcrs." 
I Dr. Leary, i\Xicr Harv 

£3Sgr and /oirrrder of 
League for Sr/ritual Discov 
iwas schedule/f to appear on 
{station's TContnet" prog) 
Inext Thursflay. Fred E. Wall 
the stations general mana; 
the appearance j^s c 

yoifttg :y)iiiXi £uvay WWind 
influenced by Dr. Leary's 
marks about his experience vi 

La;t Saturday, a 15-yca.B- 
jboy leaped to his death frf(r 
, sixth-floor apartment a&ter> 
'ing his mothcivthat he li/id ta) 
■ LSD. /; T ' * 


• of, 


•rv, I 
the i 
:or, ; . 
;er, ', 
in- 1 
ind . 

i a» 


\°W Experimenter Posts 
1 fi ond and Heads for Cit 


children and t fc ' u,i tu ' 

Posted bonds of Si Onn ;soci;il < 
d *.v and Jeff ?L ,," " °° • vc ■ st • , ' 
J-il for New york CbbC ° Unt ^ 

eh^'the SS^u, "^ 
s, . on of maiSana ii P ° SSCS - 

Bcprfo Shnpli- 

Lcary and disciple: Sacramental trips 


Two for the Show 

rfian has learned to take 
wherevcr-pnd however— he 
television in coffeehouses 
ickel line. But even the so- 
cio startled last week at 


his religion 

finds it: on 

in id on the i 

phisticates \ 

two new attilictions tluil were going un- 

dei the nan 
LSDism, and 
Bovd trotted 

of religion. Ex-Harvard 
rimothy LeVry was offering 
Episcopal minister Malcolm 
out a nightcluDsact: 



Lean, handsome , 
. cross-legded ancnSIprfnTn-lna white 
Hindu shirt land tapdrod white ducks 
last week on \he stage M lower Manhat- 
tan's Village XTheater slnd breathed an 
introit: "Pray tKil_y«m minds may open 
like flowers and receive die message 
that we send to you in love." 

Lean's messagryvAs/a)i evangelical 
pitch for converts V> W "Leaguefor 
Spiritual DisofoVfeiV'YLSD, goJ-JtfJTa 
new religlcnSforrthe psychedelic set us- 
ing dfJyseYgicj tu id dtefnylamide and 
»n\tKexpaiidiug" drugs and 
Jacrament. JLeary's league will 
fiates in achieving "chemically. 
» dialogue wr'th the inner personY 
The league's pre/posed liturgy is sim- 
ple enough. Candidates need only fill 
out forms asserting that they have built 
, homo shrine prjrhaps around a cruci- 


ical religious experience by 1970. Our 
ultimate, aim is to change the spiritual 
level of the U.S. and the world." 

Less cosmically " Uie league merely 
hopes to change current Federal and 
state laws that prohibit >lie indiscrimi- 
nate use of hallucinating drugs. Leary 
himself is appealing a Federa\sentcnce 
of 30 years' imprisonment for possessing 
marijuana in Texas. If the league can 
gain constitutional immunity as a recog- 
nized religion— the status now enjoyed 
by the pevote-drinking Native American 
Chmch-Lcary and his LSDists will he 
free to turn on at will. For the moment, 
at least, Leary and his filteen-membeV 
board of guides hope to spread the faitlh 
through weekly "psychedelic celcbraJ- 
tions" without drugs. / 

Cult: Leary disclaims the role of m<?s- 
siah and, like, a test-tube John /he 
Baptist, suggests that "the movepffent's 
greatest- -spokesman— may nut—even he 
"born yet." But he has already discovered 
his Sadducees in the scientists who 
would confine LSD experiments to the 
laboratory and in those clergymen who 
oppose the "sacramental" use of LSD. 

Ironically, however, the LSD cult may 
get its strongest support from a small 
group of scientists and theologians who 
diink that LSD may be intimately con- 
nected with (he chemical changes be- 
lieved to accompany more orthodox 
mystical practices. Writing in the current 
Journal of Religion and Health, psychia- 
trist Walter Pahnke and theologian Wil- 
liam Richards argue that it may be 
"better for a person to have a drug- 
facilitated experience of mystical con- 
sciousness . . . and serve other persons 
through the greater part of his life' than 
pursue the austere life-consuming 
rites\pf prayer, fasting and self-denial 
practimiby conventional monks. 
i While Pahnke and Richards arte so- 
phisticated Advocates of better living 
through chemi\try, thoy-liktf Leary-tail 
to realize that orthodox Christian mystics 
are disciplined J>y love of a transcendent 
QoxL-not-de^fe for mystical experience 
"in itself. Like the early Christian Gnos- 
tics Leary spoke frequently during his 
psychedelic celebration of discovering 
"the Divine within." God? He rarely 
mentioned Clod. 

• J ' 


11 .. ., t Gertie! 

gy^MT 'y H> 


■ J 

,w^w Liberties! 

' n chaUeng-L 
11 l8 ;i * police raid! 

Srian h° us< \S IT > n sc:uC J 
Sided it on April adulls vc re 

of drugs, r "\T r „ es o£ v^ 
arrested on char„e s u 

se \f was ant. . ZAV^n ol 

niarlju«* ' * ^fW* P syC ?£ 

nr. Lean. a \Y, , no ha^ 

o^ at JS3 attenUon to 
gaine\ njt&S? the use of LST 

UK "Sed U«i »" 4 eXi ""1 
been fctnpp^ 

ined. . n civil Liberties 1 

m Allen Levine, » <J tcndcd that 
Union lawyer, <^ ^^l 

tne Millbrookmj fo r it did 
because the wa a rr i Pga i require-' 

#*p o rtSeT-s%a- 
warrant o^J^t information] 
« on IvIhiSasisforbelieymg 
to establish a js ^ commit- 
that a crime lias i mmit ted. , 
edorisabouttob^c „ 

up said that ^ i t su b-l 

andV^afSSd^ an 

umi&SW^ ted 

^••^and examination of 
stripping ana dnctc d by 

^ ti :°rwhov.cre looking fo- 

needle mai_ks_ 


Dr. Lcary, the Ex-Harvard 

Teacher, Seized In Raid 

on Dutchess Mansion 


Sheriff Reports Finding Bit 

of Marijuana Among the 30 

Persons and 64 Rooms 


SPeclaTlS-n^^^^rt Times 
■S Tjmothy F, LeaS ? the 

from thlu w "° was dismissed I 
Stv %» arVard Un *versity 
55th th. h experimenting 

He and three others were 
Shrrfff w l tneDut< ' h ^Counv C 

ban late this £&££?« ^ 
ur.Lea.ry, who is also tr** 

on ba,l pending an appeal o/" 
S3PI FSa/^ 1 ; f ^ 
viction .asTmontr^VK™-! 
said that he was "outraged fat 
this mi dn ig ht invasion ^nr; 

ics were in the house 

Tne marijuana ivas sairi r n 
have been found in an upsUirs 

Dr T:^, ,u"^ a,e ' 1 Press w "-ePhoto 

»J Timothy F.Leary incus- 
tody in Pougukeepsie, N. Y. 





Released on Bail, He Terms 
Raid 'Religious Persecution' 

Special to The New York Tlmei 

LBROOK, N. Y., Dec. 11 
■Dr. T imo thy Leary , the leader 
of what he cans a new religion 
based on the use of psychedelic 
drugs, smilingly surrendered 
today to the Dutchess County 
sheriff on narcotics charges. 

Dr. Leary, who had/just re- 
turned from a Califofoih Honey 
moon, wished ShcfHS K^wrence 
M. Quinlan a 
Christmas" aft 
read the char 
pleaded not 
leased on 

The cl 
raid o 
fi • e pers 
• ary's 1 

r inl^. 
a smrender 
n Hall. He 
nd was re- 
emmcd from 
eary's rented 
rday in which 
including Dr. 
ear-old son, John 

( v>ere arrested and charged with 
possession of illegal narcotics. 
Dr. Leary was not on the 
grounds at the time, but he and 
j the owner of the property, Wil- 
liam M. Hitchcock, were 
'arged with conspiracy to 
violate the narcotics provisions 
|pf the penal and public health 
>vs and maintaining a public 
; nuisance. 

The 28-year-old son of the] 
! late Tommy Hitchcock, the polo! 
j player, surrendered to the! 
I Sheriff in nearby PoughkeepsieJ 
at the county jail. He was also! 
re.eased on bail. ,/-»-7 
Li>W£ Itl C^JifJJ^it 
A fri^j^otfcMf: Hitchcock 
wno rents the esta.e to Dr. 
iLeary for a small fee, said Mr. 
Hitchcock had not been on the 
' 00-acre estate in four months 
iaad had been living in Sausa 
Iito, Calif. 

1 At a news conference follow 
jifig his arraignment, Dr. Leary 
said the most lamentable 
! thing about the Saturday raid 
on his headquarters and the ar- 
| rests was the fact that the 
(police had cut his son's long 

Authorities said that accord- 
ling to jail rules, John Leary's 
! • r had to be cut for "sanitary 
n sons." The youth was freed 
on $1,500 bail yesterday. 

Dr. Leary renewed his con- 
tention that the raids on his es- 
tate constituted "religious perse- 
cution " ii '"\ Mm • >,>..,.. 

»?»f-^ ,f*M*VNi-!f<M r .Cl | 




nOrw^ Ch# Stfrs Millbrook 

eg$ v Village 
t j is Influx 
f Addicts 



pic of : 

MiHhrook. are begu 
)U3 aev rtes^bfljieii 



>i ' .to Tbf New Vrrlt Tlmei 

\ JILLBROOK, X. Y., June 13 
' *• - A ' the beginning of each 
hool rm. the students at 
Bennett College, a junior col- 
lege for vi -men hero, are treated 
a slid show featuring close- 
ps a«ci , jcturos o( Dr, "Timot hy 
L iryJ walking in The village 
Fraternizing with this man. the 
students ire warned, will mean 
expulsion. It is a 
The Talk measure of how 
seriously the peo- 
ple of Millbrook 
;inning to 

rsial neighbor. It <yil 1[e\fdLr/ 

y< ars .n £ ugust^me/jftie si\ve\f 

m ived t) V h,<^Wi teYS of \his ' 
P\VchVde^t dVusf cult to a large I 
>rivat\ ,. ytV^a-^ uile outside' 
this f> dVr little village of i 
1, 7 00 ncc- l\)ughkeepsie. 

Last ^ptembcr, Dr. Loa>-y 
announ •■ \ that he had founded 
a new religion called the League 
of Spiritual Discovery, its ini- 
tials standing for the hallucin- 
ogenic chemical LSD [lysergici, 
7 a-ci 1 diethylamide] the use o5 
| which was to be a "sacrament"' 
I"f the . 

Sentenced in Texas 

Dr Leary's u e and tran - 
I >rti tion or LSD as well as 
1 i arijuan and other illegal sub- 
Istances. ].,ive led to' several ar- 
rests. As a result of his activi- 
ties, he !ms received a 30-ycar 
j prison ■ tence in Texas, now 
ponder rev.ew by a Federal ap- 
J peals court in that state. 
i Villagers along Millbrooks 
■ neat whitewashed main street 
. till smile and say hello to Dr 
■ eary as he pads through town 
I barefoot r in sandals, to go 
I hopping or pick up his mail 
'■it their early bemusement with 
I In) ibitants of the 2,500- 

f ■• re Le; ,y compound is giving 
i.v tri (eep concern. 
"Eventually," wrote Louise 
Tompkii the local historian 
In a lei. r published May 25 
n the community newspapei 
i The 'Ubrook Round Table 
"' protective attitude will 
-aw drug addicts to Millbrook. 
vhrn their money runs out 
hey will murder, rob and steal 
to secure tunds with which to 
atisfy their craving. Then the 
, rime wave will have reached 

N May 18, more than 300 
residents — a large turn- 

t by Millbrook standards 

lowed up at a school board 
• meting when it became known 

The Rev. Malcolm Sawtelle, minister of Grace Episco- 
pal Church, wants to approach the question of Dr. 
Timothy Lcary sensibly— and to see his group leave. 


Curious designs embeili;,h Dr. Leary's 


Hamilton Fish Jr.. a lawyer whose father was a Re- 
publican Congressman, is looking into legal situation. 

The New York Times iby Edward Hausnei I 

John E. Hading, news and stationery dealer, joins 
those who think no one should be ousted unreasonably. 


foot-8 minister of the Grace 
Episcopal Church and a promi- 
ment member of the citizens' 
steering committee. "But," he 
added, "I wouldn't be honest if 
I didn't say the hope is to get 
them out of town." 

but there have been rumors it I Oriental music drifting from! there • • s 
contained LSD. the estate. His views were about it « 

In an earlier incident, on shared by John E. Kadine the make u 
April 9, a Millbrook mother told 

Dutchess County authorities 
that her 18-year-old son was 
prowinpr ' marijuana in flower 

... move," 
news and stationery dealer; Al The 46-year-ol 
Maggiacomo, the cleaner, and vard professor 
others - jfor his LSD exp 





Impresario Religioso 

psychedelii celebration jpresented by the 
League jor Spiritual discovery. At the 
• illage Theater, Manhattan. $3 (No 

The Guide, . . .U, < ]ji,],-i/r ■. E.ur£ } 

Harry Dr. Ralph Kfetzner 

So says the program. As the show 
Marls, guitars throb, drums thrump. On 
the screen, a bloated slide projection of 
Hans, the Imprisoned Intcllcctiyii^ls' 
•uddenly swallowed into a grjerfTgreen 
greasy neon doughnut. "Cafiyou float 
through the univer^e^Qffyour body?" 
wonders the GuidaA/f l/\ 

ObliginglVNf^rv sl/irfcpsinto a eaul- 
i on of bJhhring^od/ organs and coil- 
xig VsevrL . )low a gallery ol all the 
/Ajji* l v n BeMras/fever known flips on and 
,sfi\ iVu/and off, mid-screen. "All girls 
are\yours!"/the Guide exclaims. He 
points to one, saying: "Sec her stamen 
vmbling lot the electric penetration of 
pollen." Thc\i Harry is rudely thrust 
back into a Vlizzying montage, "The 
Neurological Chess dame" of everyday 
life. Abruptly he\ is told: "lt"s time to 
play the game of death." Harry reaches 
' r a girl — and compulsively strangles 
her. A hangman darkles a noose before 
bun. and Harry vapoWes into "the gal- 
axy of the senses." The music slops. 
The shallow play is oYer. The special- 
i fleets spotlights and the ten slide and 
movie projectors momentarily cool it. 

Parental Wrath. The uninitiated in the 
nearly full house of 2,500 people are 
Mill a little da/ed by it all.lBut the Guide 
explains. "What we ha<le relived to- 

Weirdo, sexo, boffo. 

back to teach its truths to the waiting 
world." \ 

The Guide ought to Know. He is Dr. 
Timothy Leary, former Harvard profes- 
sor whose experiments with psychedelic 
drugs aroused such parental wrath that 
he was dropped from the faculty (Time, 
March 29, 1963). Since then] Leary has 
struck put on a one-man crulade aimed 
at making LSD and pot as American 
apple pie. He is also trying 7 to found aj 
new religion. Death of/the Mind is 
billed ajUhji_llfi^-pi+Mi{Mvor.ship service 
^-America's first indigenous religious 
movement," (he league lor Spiritual 
Discovery. (The initials spell LSD. get it?) 

As an off-Broadway potboiler. 
Leary 's new show ought to be socko 
box office, as Variety might put it, al- 
though nabes in the sticks will be better 
off running Tartan instead. For acid 
heads and the impressionable, however, 
Leary provides all the right production 
values: religioso gimmicks, weirdo mu- 
sic, sexo fantasy, all bofTo. Following 
a run of twelve weekly performances 

in Manhattan, I cary will open his show 
in California, v hich manages to be 
boffo, religioso, weirdo and sexo w,ih 
or--wi(hout I SO. The :.,,„ ma\ not 
make psychedelic drugging ami its 
kicks comprehensible to /the average 
ticket buyer, but it ougjjt to attract 
enough attention to pay^rfie nut. That's 
OJS^ilsiJajLji-J^Wucer-Star Lcarv is 
concerned. "Any money that we make." 
he says, "will be plowed back into the 

■ ■«■!■ 

Leary Goes to Prison on Coast 
To Start Term of 1 to 10 Years 


Sp*cial to The New York Tlmei 

iANTA ANA. Calif.. In arch 
2 ] -Dr. C Tirnothy Leary, who 

o/ unisttl 

— ,SD — has ^onc^ioprisofl lor 
fradj ti^tholO years 'her^ for 

p^Tepffl8i\ ^o?fti uana ' «, 

Siperfor Court Judge Byro"s 
Mciillan. Who Refused Ao set 
bail after sentencing / Leary 
this week, called the/former 
Har^rd psychology professor 
"an ns'dious menace to so- 
ciety aid a "pleasure-seeking, 
irrespqsible, Madison Avenue 
advocae of the free use of 
LSD." j 

"Wht's wrong/with I waiting 
to be kppy?X netortea Ge\rge 
Chula, Le^^sVaitorney.J "I 
though\that I was! theSwiole 

• -LSD Vie sciejit\fic' abbrevi 
*XtV>n f< pne oy a family of 
drugs, s Wopqdenjs contend 
it expant human consciousness 
andl sentivity. Its critics be- 
liev* it ca have harmful physi- 
cal effecs and induce mental 
illness lmlready unstable per 

Leary. hose wife says he is 
"49 goinjon 5,000," is in the 
State Prisa at Chino while his 
lawyers \irk on appeals and 
raise .nor^ to finance them. 

The conction in Santa Ana, 
the counl seat of Orange 
County, cie about six weeks 
after a Fesral District Judge 
in Texas id sentenced Leary 
to 10 yea on similar charges 
of possesSn of marijuana. 

Teas Consecutive 
The tvi sentences are set 
to run onsecutively. Thus 
Leary fao a maximum of 20 
years in jl for possession of 
less thaniounce of marijuana 
in the tvi cases combined. 

The Ttas sentence stems 
from theime incident several 
years aj in which Leary 
was givei30 years in jail for 
importingiarijuana from Mex- 

That rhge was unanimously 
thrown <t by the Supreme 
Court in 1968, but Leary 
was ihenetried in Texas on 
chare- - opossession and con- 
victed agn. 

AsTjeated Press 

Timothy Leary 

elders contains very little joy 
and beauty." 

Although he has been one of 
the prophets of rebellious youth, 
Leary is trying to close the 
generation gap, not expand it, 
his wife insisted. 

"We're trying to give peace 
a chance," Mrsr Leary ■ said, 
"and not escalate the polariza- 
tion between the young and the 
old. We want to create a space 
in time in which the wisest and 
the sanest and the most humor- 
ous of our people can get to. 

Timothy Leary, Drug Advocate, >| 
Walks Away FromCoastPnsonm 

Z^Vd'e JaemSa to indicate that Leary 
SAN LUIS OglS PO : Wa rned to ^ 

Sept. 13 CUPI)^^^ f 0th ZP after he scaled 
^nr^eTTawayWay from I a 12 . foot ch ain link fence 
murium security prison ! toppe d by two strands ot 
whereAe was servmgasen- barbed w*^ ^.^ &{ 
Iten/for rnajy^T^^ ^ ^ Rosemary, 34 and 

stepson, John, 

, u during the night from 
S fornia Men's Colony West 
a orison four miles west of this 
Uy midway between Los An- 
geles and San Francisco near 
the Pacific Coast. 

His prison clothing - blue 

denim shirt and pants-and 

IS 1 of his socks were found^ 

cfrped by a PO hcem ^ n ,^« La 

a Beach on Dec. 26, 19b8. 
Mrs Leary, who lives in 
^rkeley, was convicted of pos- 
ession of marijuana and LSD 
end put on five year's proba- 
tion John served a three-month 
sentence on the same charges 
Leary has also been sen 
V, in rr-ir-i in Fodrrnl 




Tiniothy F. Leary afte 

received 10-year term ii 

Cburt'for smugglin; 

in from Mexico 

\L$i$$$ Sentenced 


InJflarijuana Ca 

2 (AP^ 

,vas si 

S^HpUSTON, Ma^ch 

I Dr. Ti mothy L earVwas i 

| tenCud "" t o 1U years in pri 

ltoday for smuggling mariju. 

1 from Mexico into the Unit 


Defense lawyers served 
I tice of appeal. Leary was ta 
immediately to Santa A 
Calif., where lie fac^s sent' 
[ing for posses: ingfrtfarrmana 
He was sc pton^ed here 
[United State MU^ritTt Jl 
[Ben C C»«, lallysJwho c; 
' him a "metis] ^rjto the cour 
who "of«nlj Advocated v 
tion o£the\a /." 

L/Vy, 5\ .'ears old, rec< 
tMc^skitenci without ex- 
sion. \is 24-year-old 
Rosemary, tr en kissed him 
ing a long en brace. 

Leary, foimerly a Hai 
psychology i istructor, was 
victed Jan. I in Laredo o 
smuggling fharges. Earli- 

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"mix Jpo* *jn j^ 0) mojds 

WVHVH9 d 03MJ A"g 

paddoAQ 9g oj tywj sbsdj 0Ql 

Kd^omPag eI)Col3 

institutional la^Ts " l^' 
^e authority ofS! t° Ubted i 
Government to „, « e Federa ' 

oth ^ than by tax" ! h ny Wa ^ 
the tax. gaI t0 f,,e to pay 

und^cuf a t r he he en S r eme C ^ 
two laws of V ? rCement of 

be ' d tha?th eZeZ? c Wb ?*' 
Stamp Law a „7 aI Garn hhng 

the Aft F^rir 4 

,a ted the c't ms . Act v ''°- 
privilege. e,f_,ncrj mination 

iJvwSaS "^^^ that in- 
themselves under i5. Crtofaate 
Jf Fe ^eral laws if ° 5f State 

that they knew «. 

l^eTer^ frw 
'fnces between fh ,fjcant 
, f he mariuan" he stru 

Ski; taw» a. 

' Fed eral SSSflfi*^ a 
■ cocaine an^ at cove r 
'drugs 3nd SJm "ar a 

^•on t Ju h s , t1c e n0 A n I f ^ ,s Co1 ' 
t0 °k the sea t T t rg00d M ' 

for e his re2n a ^ rtaS ' wi 
* a s the Co u g rf a c on Ja st 
^ormembS' SeC0nd ^ 

^at US w a C s e aS Jliam ?' ^ 
r J" the a L?aS? Ptytoda y 
,/; Haft of S vn 8 ^ Rfl 
| f or Dr. Leary "L Y ° r o k a ^ 
W Jr - of the s^i; -i 1 " S - M- 
1 of «ce aSue ( ?°i' c,tor Gene, 
h ment. g ed for the Gove 

pounced ftfj«„ decision , 

H ed that a ?uT gtheC 0' 
?t'tutionaIly a re & e can c, 

\pry trial i n e a fus r e . t0 grant 

*ana ira 

Before Tnerson „ , k- He deluded th»* ■ "1 Ju sticT Mar< : h d .tP f Pn*atio 

Possess marSa ^ Ie gaJIy ^ to assume ftS a i Jt *» not ^'nion in Sal , Wrote tt 

federal law, J m „ der thefenjuana smofer ? e avera ge that "Pheld thf °" 3 , dec ^o; 

the tax aarf'^i-™ 1 !* Prepay «■ marijuana wS kno L Ws thatL se "tence of R P n „ P £ obat, '°nar 

us inten- felly imported f P rof >abIy «. had been c ?^ ?^ Fr ank, wh, 

»s infor- , He declared th ? / r ° m Mexico Di strict ff c ^ in Federal 

Iable to ,aw illegal and rf ?CtJ0n of the City, Okla h/1 i n . OJUaho 

:e all sn count nf ^ and dismissed ft:! a ft «, i 3 '- He had been «,*." 

Jhe tax and* declared ^lE,^'^ k "r s ^atbnten7e of U Ben e W ^ 0batio " a ^ 
tion to purchase ff T t s mten " wf ^ ""Ported f r proba h!y iU had been con^v^ F . rank . wh,' 
ma tion is 2 2t Th 's infor- , He declared th? * oni Me xico District Cn°,^ Ct - ed '" federa' 
st«te officials d L a ^ a,lab, e to ,aw iiiegai and w ?CtJ0n of fte /City, 6kla aTl i n . OWahoma 
s tafes have law? l nce aJI 50 c °^ nt of the r ,«l' Sni,ssed tSfa jury tria? n had been refused 
Possession of STw;, that make Dr. Leary 4 L 7 ea 7 Eviction having vio a L n a ch arge of 
to comply JShSsS? fl J*Wa/£f en g'Ven a sft^ old, had7 usi "g infeS a f n % der a l^ 
^°"id ioS 1 5^ F ^ r era I law J e "ce 'and had been f '- year s H 0i ' &EESS* 1 * fac,Jities to : 

rjBr^*SMS fr«^ i Sa^t^^> that , 

On the c ,„„ , . i ua na, was f?l w "> the S.a'wm ffi?*f .,P roba t'on Se JJ 

^°"id /xpoS 1 \l e F ^eral law J e "ce a nd had been f '- year sef1 0i ' ™terS2 fa ° ,Jities £ se 
ejBr^*SMS fr«^^^t^^> that thel 

r^*S??Sj5? ^ ^°reay a eSfee?5H 0eS "" * 
pS° n .°f n^SSTJSS P0S -| M ^ ha „ nTo , [ a d «sent "ZfZ*™" sa ' d '"! 

r • 

Drug Experimenter Posts 
Bond and Headsjor City 

I i» TlinoUO y' V^enTerm 

ibU^w-*^^.-, 1 .:'-',, two;, 

hallucination drugs. J^^ 

of th niSKS in the under- 
S5h5"ff Gary's 18-yoar- 
i > daughter, Susan. 


Ousted L.ecfvrer 
Jailed in Laredo 
On Drug Chargi 

LAREDO, Tex., DecT 
(UPI) - £ Dr. JTimothv LparyJ 
lecturer who was disrriiSSSabJ 
Harvard University in a conf 
troversy over research intcj 
hallucinatory drugs, was jaileo] 
with his two children and twq] 
other persons today.jjHtrfharg'eJ 
of possessing lti&iluan/A 

Border pa*fol o^ent^seizecl 

l \''lfir* i * vears o|d . ws 

soTvVronTf; 16, and daughter' 
Susan, 18, as they crossed thrl 

Mexico. Arrestee 

£rs, Rosemary] 

aid she was 

n a rej 




border f 

with the' 


Dr. Leary's as 

search foundation" 

Jaeger, 26. 

Officials said two ounces of 
marijuana had been found in 
Susan's underclothing. Mari- 
juana sweepings were found in 
their car, the officials said. 

United States Commissioner 
Jacob Hornberger set bail at 
$10,000 for Dr. Leary, $2,500 
for his children and $5,000 for 
Mrs. Woodruff and Mr. Jaeger. 
None raised it and they were 
sent to Webb County Jail pend- 
m^grand jury action. 

Dr. Leary has experimented 
with lysergic ac id diet hlam ide, 
or USD a hallucinatory "drug . 
He and nis companions gave 
Millbrook, N. Y. as their ad- 
dress. A Castal ia Foundation 
operates at Millbrook for re- 
search into drugs 


Exponent /Wins Case 
but Still Faces 
U.S. Conviction 

othv Lfl 

Sped a to Thf Mew York Tlmti 

23 — Nate itics charges-..* were 
d*eppm i3J*y against Dr. Tim- 

made It 
that he 



iTTty aga 

ryy a leatiwg — expo- 
nent ofdie hallucinatory drug 
LSD, on ('^ground that recent 
court d^rjc^i.s affecting con- 
fessions a'nd ^parch warrants 
"eOvjtfcly unlikely" 
could HayJObeen, sue- 
pro iCculcCj/Ti 
ents againWlhe oth- 
ers arre.'jted with Dr. Leary in 
April on J charges of possession 
f.f marijuana were dismissed 
for the ."lime reasons. The mo- 
tion to llrop the charges was 
made byl Dutchess County Dis- 
trict Attorney John R. Heilman 
Jr. 1 

The tllree other defendants — 
Frederick Swain and his wife, 
Nancy, land Barry Kaplan — 
were arrested after a sheriff's 
raid on [Dr. Leary's mansion in 
Millbrook, N. Y. 

Center of Controversy 

The mansion, used In the past 
for sum Iated LSD sessions, has 
been a itonn center of contro- 
versy ft Dutchess County. As 
many as 150 followers of Dr. 
Leary would arrive each week 
to parti Ipate In workshops con- 
cerning [hallucinatory drugs. But 
no actual drugs were taken, 
K to Dr. Leary 


In moving for the dismissals 

of the 

ndictments, Mr. Heil- 

man tod County Judge Ray- 
mond C Baratta that Dr. Leary 
had ag ecd to dissolve these 
activities at Millbrook and 
"transfer them to New York 

In ar Interview later, Mr. 
Leary si Id that he had already 
put an e id to "public activities" 
at MlllbVook. He said the de- 
cision hid nothing to do with 
the charges and were not a 
"quid pio quo" for the dis- 
missals. He said, however, that 
he and (the other defendants 
had agrcrd not to bring dam-, 
age suits n gainst the county for * «. 

the raid and the arrests. 

Prosecution Agrees 

Mr. Heilman said that the 
agreement! to end public activ- 
ities at Millbrook was not the| 
[basis for I the dismissals buti. 

that he hari asked for the agree- ln evidence unless the su 
Imcnt beciiuse he was "con- was first warned of his i 
|cerned abojit the influx of peo- to reni and o!f 

l pie who a(e prone to commit 
I crimes "" 

He said hj> Informed the judge 
lof Dr. Leiry's agreement to|missals -the 
jhelp him Vlccide whether to| itv 0l J. 
ipcrmlt the dismissals. — wa.vfhe 

There was some dispute as was/fa ropp 
of the dismissals.) Aw an i 
attornev plaeedl^'d he t 
sis on alleged i^eulties with the seal 

legal counsel, If necessary 
the expense of the state. 
The other basis for the 
probable inv 

to the basi: 
'The distrie 
much emph: 
by Dr. 
which he sail 

statements m/de, might have made in 'levant 

and the otlfers, I confession ruling, - 
were now l/irred' seizures worn Invall 

nee if 
[ the «• 


<i S n 





■ logittl : i«y Dean Errs, 
on 'Danger' of Stimulants 

Tv , 
I by th 


I among 


Sp.>. ,al la The Nr» York Times-. 

New yoiik. 
Harvard psychologists! 
that statements made 
dean, In an effort to I 
• use of such drug 
undergraduates, wei 
and inaccurate" from' 
tlip sc .enufic point of view 

Th< v added that action im- 
peding experimentation at Har- 
vard, rr leading universities,] 
medicai schools and governmen- 
tal health agencies had led to) 
■i "scientific underground in] 
the Un -'' grates" to evade so- 
cial f ,,r<? Bnna a | bar- 

I»r. Richard Albert, assistant, 
professor of clinical psychology i 
ind education and associate' 
luector of the Laboratoiy-of 
[Human Development, and(Di\ 
I<UK>1 ; JierurJlecturer,on cTHv 
ical psycnologv, fired back at 
recent Warnings by Dean Monro 
Ithat "intellectual promotion" 
of the "consvioiineas-expand- 
dr ujs, £QHf.ut 1 1 ; bd, b£n u * 
I Hazard amont students." The 
i an te rned tile drugs "mind- 
-lorting." / 

t\fost prominent among the e 

I' 1 '''?- sili feijr Others arc 

chown ... mescaline and LSD., 

Dean Monro! ai t-.-d with ihe 

Ji liJ support rjr Dr. Dana L. L 
I arnsworth, director of thel 
iarvard's health -■< rvices and 
| not-'il medical ew.ioritv. The 
I 'ansa rierej w.,s "unanimity 
J.mong our doctor, that these! 
tags are dangerous and might, 

(lead to « srious mental illness. 
These statements were chal-1 
nged by the tw, psycholog- 
*s A letter to .'he Harvard 
j> rcmsor. < hich also had pub- 
I 'She,, the earlifi warnings' 
hey aid that th "hysteria" 
I bout th effects of "conscious- 1 
|ness-exp, ding" dings consu- 

lted a danger to 



spon i 

utific re- J 
Held to Re Mild 

•needing [hat Dean 
' an administrative i 
./ "to pacify wor- 1 
es aoout unde; graduates') 
tivitv, - the psychologists 
'•arged , i he was "ill-formed 
•out the effects of these] 

Dr.'s Aipert and Leary de-j 
i cribeci '... cnanges produced in 
e mind by the "cons, iousness- 
.^paneling" drug as similar toj 
7 hose produced in the mind byi 
le printed word or by the pow 
of suggestion. They said that 
luiere wa.- io factual evidence I 
t.'iat 'consciousness-expanding' 
'gs are uniquely dangerous' 
, u considerable evidence thatl 
| nev are t>*u- and beneficial " 


Ousted Harvard Aide Tells| 
Psychologists ot.Theory 

:ieno£sj ii(J 
:o some Tj 



A former 
who left H 
versy over 
the "conscio 
drugs descr 


[if. 30- 


a contro- 

lents withj 


his expe-| 

ie drug* 



to some'l^t 


6r, Tft yptlvy F. Leary said 
that Uie\experience courd pro- 
duce \\'^hjnged man and a 

He foiuid, he said, that from 
40 to Gfmper cent, of persons! 

J taking the\rugs Psilocybln and! 

IlSD Tlysergte acid diethyla-J 

fmide) had reported intense re- 
igious experiences. This find- 
ing, he said, led t6 extensivel 
consultation with religious lead-J 

[ers on the nature of this phe- 

| nomenon. 

More than 1,000 such "trans- 
cendental experiences," he wontl 
on, were "arranged" for the sub-j 

| jects, including 69 "full-timc| 
religious professionals," 37 of 
whom -prof essett— the— Chpistiai"^ 
or Jewish faith and 32 of whom! 

I belonged to Eastern religionsj 

Dismissed From Harvard 
Dr. Leary was dismissed from| 
I Harvard this spring when some 
of his experiments involving 
students provoked sharp con- 
troversy. He now heads the In- 
ternational Foundation for In-, 
ternal Freedom at Cambridge, 

The Rev. Dr. I. Victor Benson.J 

irector of psychological serv-j 

iices of the Lutheran Ward of I 

■ Theological Education, explained! 

IDr. Leary's appearance at thel 

dinner session it sponsored atl 

the Bellevue-Stratton Hotel. He| 

said it was related to tht 

Itnurch's "overall interest in thel 

[psychological makeup of all ofj 

I us." 

Dr. Leary has often asked] 
[churchmen to help him under-j 
[stand the phenomena being ob-l 
[served, said Dr. Benson, who isl 
also a psychologist. He added: I 
I "So we are meeting with him 
[as an interested group. There is 
[certainly, something going on 
[here that we ought to know[ 

In an interview before the 
| session, Dr. Leary referred 
[obliquely to criticisms of his I 
[work that followed the incident 
| at Harvard. 

"The generating impulse and 
[the original leadership of I.F. 
II.F. (his foundation) came fium 
[a seminar on the religious ex- 
perience and this fact may bej 
[related to the alarm which I.F. 
IF. has aroused in some secular 
[circles," he said. 

Experts Puzzled 

Df: ' Leary" Said that three] 

Former Harvard Teacher Sen 

U.S. Jury in Texas Convicts 

Dr. Leary, a Psychologist 

— Daughter Also Gailty 

•LAREDCL Tex.. March 11, 
(UPI) (7)r. Timothy v. Lear y, 
a forrneT — RStfvara |V"yrllHloii,H 
lecturer widely known for ex- 
periments with hallucination! 
drugs, was convicted today on I 
two marijuana charges and-se 
tenccd to a maximum 
years in Federal pi 

His 18-year-oI y Yd ai 
Susan, was ordereo" OSbnt 

Federal Jwdgb^en «. Con- 
nallt' aSpoyf\nj)d The 45-v\ar-old 
druJt^cxM-imenter $30,obo\Mi 
Leary dVw an indetermviate 
term. Both sentences were n 
subject to change based \ 
psychiatric tests. 

Dr. Leary was sentenced t 
consecutive, rather than con 
current, terms of 20 years for 
transporting marijuana and 3 
years for failing to pay tax 
on marijuana. 

Sentence Explained' 

In cases where a Federal 
judge feels he needs guidance 

The s>x York Times 

Dr. Timothy F. I^ary 

ranXthe Castalia Foundation i 
jMillYook. They said the foul 
|datiok in< "ided a 3,000 aci 
[estateXwith a ffvfr.Etory hear: 

from psychiatric tests "before ■?? < *_..\ )UI ? d ?. tio ? ( 

. he is bound"to;"" u " r ? C \ hallucinogenic drup 
give the maximum sentence.'? -.'"Y 1 -^cred" mushroom 

final sentence 

with the test 

(from Mexico. 
i esuit.-i in 1 T , ,, \ 

hf can modi fy the Bf r ' 

ha nd, 

tenceHefore it is final. 
That was the case 

in Dr. 

'pictures in 


s said there vci 
fctrtt; — sxatrres ' an< 
almost every rooir 
llbrook house. Dr 
he used marijuan 
its and for religion. 

le case went to th 
Connally dismissed 

f smuggling mari 
nst Dr. Leary. H- 
barges of smuggling 
ul transportation o 
against Miss Lear} 


Leary's trial. The jury deter-if 
mined his guilt and the judge '-i 
pronounced sentence, subject to! J* 
whatever the psychiatric tests I P ' 
tell him about Dr. Leary. 

Dr. Leary and his daughter?. ^ 
remained free under $2,500 bond. \t. ,f 
He has said that she hopes i. * 
some day to get back to the!"''? 
Barlow School, near Millbrook 1 
in upstate New York. Miss 
Leary, a senior, was on Christ-, 
mas vacation when she and herl Ha "/™ Recalls Statement 
father were arrested. «p/ i*i to The New York rimei 

The marijuana tax case arises CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Man) 
from^a Federal law requiring a']} / A spokesman at Harvard Dr 
With the 
, ,tzgib- i y ,1,vcr - ,:; ity, referred today to a 
bon, said "Congress seems to / r tatp mcnt made by thn imiver- 
be trying to put it out of exist/| slt . v '" i president, Nat an M 
ence by taxing it." / [Pusey, on May 27, 1963. The 

A jury in this city on /he statement said: 
United States-Mexican bo/dcr 1 "'° n May 6, 1963, the Harvard 
deliberated only 45 minutoft be- 1 Corporation voted, because 
fore finding the former tocher : Timothy F Leary, lecturer on 
guilty of the charger 

from a Federal law requiring a 1 * 1 / -^ spokesman 
tax to be paid on marijuana 1 nmversity, asked 
_brought across the border. AI^'T's connection 
defense lawyer, John Fitzgib- yniversity, referred 

Appeal Is Plan 

Defense lawyers t 
would appeal. 
Judge Connally 


| clinical psychology, has failed 
to keep his classroom appoint 
ments and has absented him 
they self from Cambridge without 
permission, to relieve him frou 
—j r .... Dr. 'further teaching duty and tc 
Leary and his daughter 10 daysi terminate his salary as of Am-r 
to wind up their affairs. Thev 30, 1963." 
planned to return immediately, 
to their home in Millbrook. At' Author's Extradition Sought 
the end of 10 days.lthe judge! SAN FRANCISCO, March 11 
told Dr. Leary, he miKst submit (AP)— The novelist Ken Kesey 
to psychiatric examination at a 'attempt to escape prosecution 
Federal institution. \ | on marijuana charges became 

Miss Leary, who had Vaivedjan international affair toda\ 
a. jury trial, was convicte\by|Tho Government moved to ex 
the judge of failing to pa\a!tradite him from M'evico 
tax on marijuana. She was or\ A Federal warrant was issue 
dered to report to a FedcraiX larsing ' the 30-vear-old author 
institution for psychiatric tests, '"SUi unlawful flight to escaue 

Dr. Leaty, his daugh+er his P r \eoution. 
1*-VMr-Mfl son. .ToHn nvd' t •• ., - >'\ K—r-- -,.. ♦..-» ■„■ ., 








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Psychic -Drug Testers Living in Retreat 


Scientists in LSD 
Dispute Accepted 
in Upstate Village 

Special to Tht New York Times 

MILLBROOK, N. Y., Pec. 14 
When they moved to this 
'|iiiet Dutchess County village 
of 1.700 inhabitants in Aupi.l, 
'pmothv Learv an d Richard Al- 
. ?rt fiTade no splash in Die 
placid waters of its disposition. 
They were generally regarded 
as agreeable mdftof'ino'igbBoi'ty 
demeanor and^only vagucly-frc- 
markable background. 

Most residents did not begin 
t i bo fully aware of the men's 
i mown until one after another 
of the major national magazines 

■ Look, Esquire, Time. The Sat- 
urday Evening; Post ;md others) 
appeared at tbe village news- 
stand with long, mostly un- 

omplimcntary, articles on the 
work the two men have done 
wi th hallucinogenic drugs. 

fascination with Die effects 

, that such drugs produce in the 
human consciousness cost them 
their positions as lecturers at 
HaTTaTcTCarllef this year. D"F. 
Lca'ry attempted to Carry "on his 

| work by opening a combined re- 
r ort and psychic drug research 
i enter in Mexico. This foun- 
dered in June when the Mexican 
Government expelled him for 

■ ngaging in activities not per- 
mitted to .■ tourist. • ' i 

Tho p.. , irivr]'" 1 "!,;'! "i |s nrr 
.low living dci 'p ins'.li' an en- 
clos ed 2.,)im-;ui e' 
!y have establi 
• f their 

led ailotner 
'transcendental" multi- 
family communities," with seven 
adults, six children, three dogs 
and seven eats, in a rented 53- 
• oom house with 10 baths. Dr. 
\lpert, 32 years old, is a bache- 
lor, but D \ Leary, 43, is married 

ncl has two children. 
Another psychologist, Dr. 
Ralph Metzner, 27, and his fam- 
ily are working and living with 

hem in a house at the end of a 
long private roadway lined with 
craggy old trees on an estate 

l\at once employed several 
dozen gardeners but has not 
been manicured lately 

The house is an old white 
wood mansion with a 'wrap- 
around porch and a red brick 
chimney running up the front 
side. " A big iron bell and a 
pumpkin flank the entrances to 
the porch. 

Men Collate Research 

The doctors say that they 
are- doing no active research 
with what they call the "con- 
sciousness - expanding drugs." 
I'hey arc having no sessions in 

The N'ew York Times 

Dr. Richard Alport, left, and Qr. Timothy Leary chat with 
Mr. Leary 's daughter Susan (iu street in Millbrook, N. Y. 

want to say when they had last 
been in a transport by their use. 

Dr. Leary and Dr. Alport are 
living in retreat from what they 
regard as the unwarranted hos- 
tility of the medical and psy- 
chological professions. They arc 
living on savings, income fiom 
writing and the contributions 
of a few supporters. They are 
consolidating the results of their 
former very extensive research 
and arc speaking occasionally 
before college and professional 

Dr. Leary has been president 
of the International Federation 
for Internal Freedom, but he 
said it was dissolved yester- 
day because res trictions on the 
of the drills had made d 


lor tne group to so t 
ip centers where 


drugs involves the right, right 
now, of thoughtful Americans 
to change their own conscious- 
ness," they say in a paper com- 
pleted this week. The paper 

"The LSD experience is so 
novel and so powerful that the 
more you think you know about 
the mind, the more astounded 
and even frightened you'll be 
when your consciousness starts 
to flip you out of your mind. A 
new profession of psychedelic 
guides will inevitably develop to 
supervise these experiences." 

Proponents say that the after 
benefits include a new under- 
'standing of beauty and art, 
more ability to be oneself, and a 
greater understanding of human 
relationships. Some speak of 


could; finding new directions for their 
come for sessions. lives. 

— lit 1 sTlltl tiiaL lino persons hadj Dr. Alpert said they had 
signed up for sessions in Mexico | found that it was not psy- 

!i i., M i;rni . in -i •nundinr'S r>r rhiatrists .and phvsieians who 

Debate Over Right 

to Change Normal 

States Is Pressed 

that institution, especially when 
some of the rebuffed students 
began to obtain hallucinogenic 
drugs from bootleggers who 
came to hawk them near Har- 
vard Yard. 

Now the 60-acre campus of 
Bennett College, a stylish and 
expensive two-year girls' school, 
is in walking distance of the 
former Harvard lecturers" tran- 
scendental manor. 

"As a precautionary measure." 
the president, Donald A. Eld- 
ridge, has declarer!, the estate 
"out of bounds' ( f )jjiP B>niTctV's 
330 students, \& ( ,r>qrn 
made to understand that expm-V 
sion might follow any violation 
of this rule. 

There has been a good deal 
of talk in the village lately but 
residents have not been shaken 
in their equanimity. Many sec. a 
to regard the men and their 
work as separate entities; they 
like the former and are re- 
served about the latter. 

The village newspaper. The 
Millbrook Round Table, seems 
to have set the tone of public 
reaction in an editorial it ran 
last montn under the title, "Nol 
Witch Hunt. Here." 

It commended the men for 
"a wise and fair decision" in 
promising to eschew rosea rt i 
here ami it asked that bothj 
they and their families be ac- 
cepted "solely on the basis of 
their actions in Millbrook," not 
by magazine reports. 

The Rev. Edwin Daniels, min- 
ister of the Federated Church, 
said that people had been "very 
curious" and "somewhat con- 
cerned" since the magazine 
articles appeared in late Octo- 
ber and early November. 

Both men have a good deal of 
personal charm. They laugh 
readily and can be very enter- 
taining in conversation. 

"Before any of us knew who 
they were, they came into our 
stores and they were very, very 
pleasant people and we got to 
know them and like them very 
much," said Edward Maggia- 
como, president of the Business- 
men's Association. 

"When the articles came out 
in The Saturday Evening Post 
and Esquire it didn't faze me a 
bit, nor any of the men. The 
relationship was exactly the 
same, just as if the articles 
were not printed," he said. 

John Kading, owner for 20 
years of the Corner News Store 
at the center of the small shop- 

wM ^ : 

/ Hi 



* ' 



f ^'. 




The rat race, more or less 

by Lawrence Shainberg 

year's New York City Mara- 
thon, the most unusual, by 
any estimate, will be among 
the group that calls itself "The Rob- 
ert Wilson Brigade." Named after the 
esteemed dramatist (Einstein on the 
Beach, The Life and Times of Sig- 
mund Freud, et cetera), who is known 
among other things for his interest in 
"slow motion" and his use of tedium as 
a dramatic device, the Wilson Brigade 
is a group of runners who value slow- 
ness rather than speed. Like others in 
the race, they will measure their accom- 
plishment by the time they take to 
finish, but these iconoclasts, recogniz- 
able by their electric-blue T-shirts with 
the turtle on the chest, will be the 
only participants for whom more is 
less and less more. A Wilsoner who 
runs the 26.2-mile distance in less than 
seven hours will be automatically sus- 
pended from the group. Several among 
their ranks point with pride to ten- 
hour marathons, and one claims to 
have used twelve hours, twenty-five 
minutes, forty-three seconds to com- 
plete the Boston Marathon last April. 
The brigade was formed by T. 
Krishna Murphy, a thirty-four-year- 
old Irish-Indian (Irish father, Indian 
mother) from Madras. An accom- 
plished distance runner in college, 
Murphy, or T.M., as he is known to 
his disciples, turned his attention to 

the marathon after graduation and, be- 
fore his conversion to Slow Distance, 
had lowered his time to a very re- 
spectable 2:23:21 (at Muscle Shoals, 
in 1972). The revelations that led to 
Wilsoning came to him in January, 
1974, when an interview with Frank 
Shorter appeared in Runner's World. 
The statement that impressed Murphy 
was in reply to a question concerning 
marathon speed. "It may well be," 
Shorter said, "that a slow marathon 
takes more out of you than a fast 
one. Don't forget: the slower your 
time, the longer you have to endure." 
T.M. says this statement changed his 
life, leading him to his now famous 
theory that speed is a narcotic, a drug 
we use to escape anxiety. "If slow 
marathons are harder than fast ones, 
why do we reward those who run 
fast? I say it is because speed is an 
expression of our cultural disease, the 
embodiment of a technological ethos 
that makes us rush through our lives 
as if we can't wait to get them over. 
Shorter made me understand that the 
real challenge is to run slow, not fast." 
Murphy turned his training pattern 
inside out. His morning ten-mile run, 
which three months before had re- 
quired sixty-three minutes, became a 
fifteen-miler that took four hours. To 
eliminate what he calls the "problem" 
of his long stride, he designed a spe- 
cial belt that he tied to his legs and 

shortened gradually until, after nine 
months, he had brought his stride 
down from the forty-seven inches his 
coaches had admired to its present 
fifteen inches, which he calls "the no- 
stride" (this belt, incidentally, was 
marketed last winter by Tao Indus- 
tries of Northern California under 
the trademark "Krishnabelt"). 

His new training was far more dif- 
ficult, he says, than anything he'd 
done before. There was less physical 
pain (any workout that contains phys- 
ical pain he calls "pathological") but 
in its place was an insufferable bore- 
dom that delighted him. "There are 
those who fear boredom and devote 
their energies to avoiding it," he 
wrote, "but not us, not Wilsoners. We 
welcome it! Tolerance for boredom 
is tolerance for anxiety, and that's 
what we seek to develop. Not leg 
strength or some brute, macho fan- 
tasy of courage, but patience, tran- 
quility, an ability to be present in any 
given time and space, a freedom from 
the need for entertainment and dis- 
traction. That's why Wilsoners don't 
go to movies or watch TV. For us 
such behavior is merely speed in oth- 
er forms." 

Although just forty-seven runners 

Lawrence Shainberg is a novelist and the 
author of Brain Surgeon: An Intimate View 
of His World, published in June by Lip- 



will compete under the Wilson banner 
in the New York marathon, the bri- 
gade claims a membership of 234 
from nineteen countries, including the 
People's Republic of China and Tibet. 
Murphy is confident that Wilsoners 
will become a substantial presence in 
the world of international athletics. In 
his view, the brigade is a revolution- 
ary movement, a reaction against wide- 
spiead disease. "People go out to track 
meets and cheer the sprinters. Can you 
imagine? That's like cheering junkies 
when they shoot up. Speed is the death 
instinct concretized! The 100-meter 
dash is psychodrama, an experiment 
in group psychosis. And the idea of 
running a marathon against the stop- 
watch is comparable to measuring sex- 
ual capacity by the speed with which 
you can reach orgasm. What we're 
after, if you like, is making love as 
long as possible." 

Scientific support has come from 
Charles "Baba" Limbic, the radical 
Romanian neurophysiologist whose 
work with rats confirms most of the 
hypotheses that led to Wilsoning. Lim- 
bic, famous for his work on the "neu- 
rology of desire" and "impatience" 
and especially his identification of the 
particular cell-bundles in rats' brains 
that are responsible for "ambition," 
had discovered Slow Distance inde- 
pendently when he found that rats 
on slow exercise wheels were "neuro- 
logically superior" to those on fast 
wheels. By "neurological superiority" 
he meant of course that their "ambi- 
tion-centers" were smaller and that 
they were therefore less "anxious" and 
more "content." Others have ques- 
tioned this definition, but Limbic 
claims proof of it through autopsy. 
Indeed, last winter he published pho- 
tographs taken by electron microscope 
that purport to compare the "ambi- 
tion-centers" of rats from different 
wheels and to demonstrate conclu- 
sively the superiority of "Wilsonian" 
over "conventional" rats. 

Wilsoning's success may lie in 
the fact that, like all impor- 
tant movements, it has 
spawned its own dissidents. Three 
groups that have attracted particular 
attention are the "Giacomettis," who 
not only take their name from the great 
Swiss sculptor but attempt in races to 

emulate his work; the "Neurologists," 
who consider themselves Limbic's dis- 
ciples; and the "Neurowilsoners," who 
claim they have joined Murphy's orig- 
inal vision to that of the Neurologists. 

Giacomettis believe they have 
found the ultimate realization of Slow 
Distance. Says their founder, the Tibe- 
tan monk Chogyam Pumaddidas, "If 
the problem is motion, why indulge 
it?" For Pumaddidas and his disci- 
ples, the true anxiety for a runner lies 
in "not-running," and the ultimate 
drug, therefore, is running, slow or 
fast. Thus, Giacomettis, like other run- 
ners, congregate around the starting 
line at races, but take only one step 
beyond it, whereupon they freeze in 
poses similar to Giacometti sculpture. 
These poses, which Pumaddidas calls 
"asanas," will be held for lengths of 
time approximating Wilsonian levels, 
anywhere from five to twelve hours, 
during which Giacomettis, in order 
to maximize their anxiety, attempt to 
imagine every step of the race they 
are "not-running." Some are said to 
be so successful in this enterprise that 
they suffer injuries comparable to 
those of conventional runners. Pumad- 
didas himself came out of last year's 
Boston Marathon, which he did not 
run for nine hours, with a case of 
"runner's knee" and a severe hypo- 
glycemic condition. Injured or not, 
Giacomettis — or Giacs, as they call 
themselves — who hold their poses for 
five hours or more are said to "real- 
ize" the race, and they have their own 
medals with which noncompetitors 
are honored. 

If Giacs have extended Murphy's 
laws, the Neurologists, according to 
their spokesman, a Japanese neuro- 
chemist who studied with Baba Limbic 
and has for the past few years called 
himself "Medullah," have revealed 
their ultimate absurdity. For Medul- 
lah, the problem of speed is the prob- 
lem of the brain, specifically the uni- 
versal condition that he calls "Here- 
There-Aphasia." HTA, as it is known 
in the vernacular, is the devastating 
delusion that "here," a function of 
the right hemisphere, and "there," a 
function of the left, are different 
places. In effect, speed is an inevitable 
symptom of an assymetrical brain, for 
once the hemispheres are divided 
against each other, animals so afflicted 
will rush desperately from one place 
to another in search of unification. 

Says Medullah (whose English, ac- 
cording to his disciples, is not so much 
"broken" as "neurologically symmet- 
rical") : "Brain problem, not speed. 
Not running not enough. Not speed not 
happen not so quick." After years of 
work, Medullah devised a series of ex- 
periments in Limbic's laboratories 
that led him to confirmation of his 
theory and, eventually, to "Neurolo- 
gizing." Through selective breeding, 
he developed a species of rat that had 
a brain as assymetrical as a human be- 
ing's, with correspondingly large "de- 
sire-bundles" and "ambition-centers." 
When released on exercise wheels, 
such rats (called "Olympians" in 
papers published by Medullah) will 
run with maximum speed until ex- 
hausted. Retaining one group of Olym- 
pians for control studies, Medullah 
strapped another into specially de- 
signed harnesses that held them in 
suspension above the wheel so that, 
while their bodies remained motion- 
less, their feet were always "racing." 
The idea of course was to "fool" the 
rats into thinking they were in mo- 
tion. "Brain thinking moving," Me- 
dullah explains, "but brain mistaking. 
Thinking 'here!' thinking 'there!' but 
look! Always here!" Kept in harness 
throughout their lives, these rats, upon 
autopsy, were found to have no "de- 
sire-bundles" whatsoever. What is 
more, their brains were so much "of 
a piece" that no demarcation could be 
found between the hemispheres. 

Since the harness was impractical 
for human beings under normal rac- 
ing conditions (Medullah has built 
several, which, used in conjunction 
with conveyor belts, are featured at- 
tractions at the Neurologists' training 
camp in the Catskills), Medullah de- 
vised a method of running that he be- 
lieves will accomplish the same healing 
process in the human brain that the 
harness accomplished in the rats'. 
Neurologists bring deck chairs to the 
starting line and sit in them through- 
out the race. They are trained to keep 
their eyes closed and to move no part 
of their bodies except their feet, which, 
like harnessed rats, they tap softly on 
the ground as if they're running. Ac- 
cording to Medullah, this subtle ac- 
tion has an uncanny effect on the 
brain, setting the motor regions at 
war against the reflective centers, ex- 
citing in the "here-region" a contin- 
uous sense of abandonment, in the 


The Four Seasons's decor is 
so marked by integrity, it's 
practically defiant. Leather, 
chrome, marble— the real 
goods abound. 

The Bar Room menu, 
summer of '79 

•—SIS-** 3 


B „ Room CM 

Cki**" 3 * 1 * 1 " S.l«« l3S 

.niBo"' 1 "'" 

Gnu* 1 " 

Chid"" l0 - ■ 

... S « K B«»« 

M "ir«™'- B! "' ,v, "" !reiu 

'desse^ s ^ 396 

Bm t.o> D »"' j so 




Floor- to -ceiling window chains (anodized 
aluminum) are kept continuously moving by 
gentle air jets. Dining room accessories were 
designed by Garth and Ada Louise Huxtable. 

The center of power: Requests for reservations 
are received at this desk. Here, a courteous 
voice bids you good morning, takes down your 
name, informs you that you will be called back 
soon for confirmation. A caller's fate is thus put 
on hold. Years of hard work are put on ice. You 
have come to a landing on the stairway to clout. 
You fidget for a second before returning to 
work. You put off calling your lunch guest. 
(Worst comes to worst, there's La Gratuity 
down the street — you can always get in there.) 
It's 1 1:30 a.m. Do you know where your ca- 
reer is? -Hf 



4 §an Jfranrisco Chronicle 

Thurs., July 5, 1979 

Skylab Falling in Blaze of Predictions 


An eminent British scientist 
says his government team has a 
better idea than the Americans of 
when Skylab will fall. So does an 

Indian astrologer. Both say they've 
been right before. 

As of yesterday, the best pre- 
diction the U.S. National Aeronau- 
and Space Administration 

could make was that Skylab would 
re-enter Earth's atmosphere be- 
tween July 10 and 14, with July 12 
the most likely date. 

At Farnborough, England, sci- 

entists at the British government's 
Royal Aircraft Establishment pre- 
dicted Skylab would crash July 14. 

Desmond King-Hele, chief sci- 
entific officer at Farnborough, told 

the British Press Association that as 
re-entry approaches, he will be able 
to predict within one hour when it 
will be. 

King-Hele said his group has 

torcvclists M 

found the bodies. 

Vlnlonpp ha« hoo« 

been right before about Skylab. 

When the 80-ton space labora- 
tory was launched in 1973, the 
British team said it would have a 
six-year life span, contradicting 
American scientists who said it 
would stay aloft 10 years. 

King-Hele said that unlike 
NASA, the British team took into 
account sunspot activity, which 
affects the density of the outer 
atmosphere and the life span of a 
satellite — and got its mathematics 

In India, astrologer Pandit Shiv 
Kumar Jaitly also was making 
predictions. He said Skylab would 
land in Siberia between July 9 and 
July 13 and cause no damage to lif e 
or property. The prediction was 
reported in a dispatch from Amrit- 
sar in the Stateman newspaper, 
which said the astrologer had fore- 
cast correctly former Prime Minis- 
ter Indira Gandhi's defeat in the 
1977 general election. 

On a hopeful note, it also said 
Dr. Ramakant Misra, a yoga teacher 
in Lucknow, has been trying since 
Monday to move the Skylab out of 
its orbit with his "inner force," and 
claims 95 per cent success so far. 

In China, which has launched 
its own satellites, the newspaper 
People's Daily conveyed little alarm 
last Friday when it reported the 
impending breakup of Skylab. It 
said three-fourths of its orbit is over 
ocean, and U.S. scientists hope to 
influence where it falls. 

"Since 1957," it said, "thou- 
sands of manmade objects already 
have crashed to earth." It noted, 
however, that this one is especially 

In Bangkok, a leading Thai 
astronomer was less sanguine about 
space achievements. Professor Ravi 

OV,,-.;l„: - • — - - 

Air Traveler's 

Crusade to 
Click Out Cults 

By Steve Rubenstein 

Mitch Egan, a man to be 
reckoned with, grabbed a hand- 
ful of metal frogs yesterday at 
San Francisco International Air- 
port and launched his war of 

"If God wants a dollar from 
me, He can ask me for one," 
said Egan, clicking his frog with 
passion. - 

The frogs are actually small 
noisemakers, the kind handed 
out at New Year's parties. Egan 
is giving them away in the hope 
that fellow travellers who find 
themselves pestered by reli- 
gious solicitors will, instead of 
coughing up money, click their 
frogs and force a retreat. 

"I'm going to stop 'em," 
said Egan. "I'm half crazy. I'm 
the number one frog. I'm Frog- 

gy One." 

Egan, a restaurant consul- 
tant who flies frequently on 
business, said that unsolicited 
carnations, smile buttons and 
flags-on-a-toothpick have, of 
late, put 16 holes in his favorite 

"And those toothpicks," he 
added, "make big holes." 

The final straw came last 
month in Los Angeles. 

There, Egan saw a woman 
of 20 harassing a 65-year-old 
woman — who reminded him of 
his mother — until finally, with 
a look of complete helplessness, 
she forked over $2. 

"What would happen if my 
mother was subjected to that?" 
he said, with a slight shudder. 

The name of Egan's one- 
day-old group is FROGIE — 
which stands for Fellowship to 
Resist Organized Groups In- 
volved in Exploitation. 

Egan said it took him a half 
hour to find words whose first 
letters would come out spelling 
FROGIE, but since he had al- 
ready bought 144 frogs, at $720, 
he didn't want to blow his 

He and three assistants 
spent most of yesterday passing 
out frogs and leaflets in the 
airport's three terminals. Near- 
ly everyone gave them a warm 
welcome. A gaggle of flight at- 
tendants walked by and yelled, 
"Yay, FROGIE," and airport 
cops dropped by for friendly 

Conspicuously absent were 
the Hare Krishna disciples 
themselves, who had shifted 
their base of operation to the 
Alameda County fair for the 

But Krishna spokesman Sri- 
man Pandit, reached at the 
sect's Serkeiey- headquarters, 
. Said, "We're just going to have 
to go out and meet the people 
with the clickers. 

"Some people will resort to 
anything to get rid of us," he 
.added. "Have a nice day." 

'if God wants a dollar, He can ask for one' 

Thurs., July 5, 1979 

San jrranrisfo <iP)ronidr 3' 

-^ m.**^*.0*****A*ii»^>****\* 

Gain Still Has 
Friends at Top 



San Francisco' Mayor Dianne 
Feinstein faces a possible show- 
down witbxffejcalcitrant members of 
the Police Commission if she de- 
cide* to dump embattled Police 
Chief Charles Gain. 

Police Commission President 
Richard J. Siggins reiterated his 
support for Gain yesterday amid 
published reports that the mayor 
has already expressed no confid- 
ence in the chief and would like to 
see him resign his stewardship of 
the dissension-wracked depart- 

the Police Officers Association's 
overwhelming vote of no confi- 
dence in Gain, which prompted the 
commission's vr*»° «* * =J - 



Feinstein, who has issued no 
public declarations on Gain's fate in 
the two weeks since her return 
from China, remained silent yester- 
day. Her press secretary, Mel Wax, 
said, "She's making no statement 
on Gain." 

In a situation described by one 
source as "fluid," attention has 
increasingly focused on the five- 
member Police Commission. 

The City Charter invests ti 
commission — and not the mayor 
— with the power to dismiss the 
chief of police, giving rise 
speculation that Feinstein ma) 
have to replace the commission 
she wants Gain out and the present 
commissioners don't comply. 

That became a real possibility 
sterday when Siggins indicated 
tt the commission's sentiments 
. e remained unchanged since i 
unanimous vote of confidence 

Hot-Spa Deaths Spur Drive for Federal Controls 

Tlmt* Sttff Writer 

The strange simultaneous deaths of a Simi Valley husband 
and wife in their overheated hot spa last spring have stirred 
up investigations that could result in federal health and safe- 
ty regulations on the booming hot tub industry. 

An investigation of the deaths of the Simi Valley couple 
was completed this week by the federal Consumer Product 
Safety Commission, which now also is looking into uncon- 
firmed reports of at least four other fatalities and a near- 
drowning in hot tubs or spas elsewhere in the country. 

A spokesman for the agency in Washington said he could 
not yet reveal the findings in the Ventura County case, nor 
could he give any further details on the other unconfirmed 
hot-tub mishaps. 

When the swimsuit clad bodies of 58-year-old Wesley La 
Roza and his 53-year-old wife, Helen, were found sitting side 
by side in their backyard spa last May 15, authorities at first 
suspected possible foul play. 

But on May 22. after extensive toxicological tests, the Ven- 
tura County coroner's office attributed their deaths to hyp- 
erthermia— in effect, heat stroke brought on by the exces- 
sively high temperature of the water in the spa— complicated 
by high blood pressure. 

The tragedy was widely reported as the first deaths since 
the hot-tub fad got under way in California in the early 1970s. 

At the time it was reported that there was no indication 
that either had been drinking. 

However, in a "Summary, Statement and Recommenda- 
tions" just released by the coroner's office, it was revealed 
that both had been drinking heavily. 

The coroner's office said that La Roza's blood alcohol con- 
tent was .41, his wife's .32, and that both succumbed to a 
combination of hyperthermia, ethylism (alcohol poisoning) 
and heart disease. 

By generally accepted standards, persons with a blood al- 
cohol concentration of .40 are at or beyond the point of pass- 
ing out, and death may occur at between .5 and 1.0. 

"A reconstruction of the events indicates that the couple 
had been drinking heavily," accoiding to the summary. 
"Once in the tub, the temperature ofthe water progressively 
increased, the occupants relaxed (r fell asleep; the water 
temperature continued to increase The tub was turned off 
(24 hours later, when the bodies *vere found) by the Fire 
Department. One hour later, the emperature of the water 
was measured and found to be HOdegrees Fahrenheit. 

"A label, plainly visible on the fde of the tub, recommend- 
ed that the water temperature stould be kept below 104 de- 
grees. The tub also was equipped vith a thermometer. Pam- 
phlets supplied with the tub ad'ised users to check with 
their physicians before changing ti; thermostat and increas- 
ing the heat. Examination of the ttermostat indicated that it 
had been readjusted and that if tfc heat were kept on, the 
temperature. . . would climb to 13<degrees." 

The Ventura County coroner's .port made four recom- 

Sand inista guerrillas behind barricades during battle for control of Esteli 

Somoza in Managua 



Somoza on the Brink 

As the dictator readies his exit, he leaves behind a ruined land 

The question no longer began with 
an if or a maybe. Last week even 
his top advisers were askiflg them- 
selves not whether but on what 
day President General Anastasio ("Ta- 
cho") Somoza Debayle would step down; 
rumor swirled throughout war-torn Nic- 
aragua that his leave-taking was hardly 
hours away. Finally, Somoza himself 
spoke. "I am like a tied donkey fighting 
with a tiger,'' he said in a subdued voice 
at week's end, referring to his war with 
the Sandinista National Liberation Front 
(F.S.L.N.). "Even if I win militarily, I have 
no future." He thus went ahead and 
placed his own future with the U.S., al- 
lowing Washington to decide the best time 
for his departure. Indeed, Somoza had al- 
ready abandoned the ultimate demand 
that had kept him in Managua for the 
past two weeks: he no longer required as- 
surances that members of his 12,000- 
strong national guard would not suffer re- 
prisals once he was gone. He admitted, 
sadly, that he was "in no position now to 
impose anything. I am not negotiating." 
The burly dictator actually had be- 
gun the week like a tiger, directing the 
battle against the Sandinistas from his 
concrete bunker in the country's ravaged 
capital of Managua. In effect, he was try- 
ing to buy bargaining time with firepow- 
er, but without much success. Early in the 
week, guerrilla forces added the strategic 
highway town of Sebaco to their growing 
list of occupied places. They also de- 

stroyed the last national guard garrison 
in Matagalpa and closed in on Chinande- 
ga, one of two major cities in northern 
Nicaragua not controlled by the rebels. 
In a desperate attempt to break the San- 
dinista noose that was tightening around 
Managua, Somoza launched a major at- 
tack against Masaya, 20 miles south of 
the capital; the government offensive in- 
cluded heavy bombing and strafing as well 
as the deployment of hundreds of troops 
from the capital. 

Farther to the south, rebel forces near- 
ly captured the town of Rivas before So- 

OCEAN Rivas 


moza ordered an additional 300 troops 
airlifted in from Managua. Rivas, only 22 
miles from the Costa Rican border, is of 
particular importance to the Sandinistas 
since they favor it as their provisional cap- 
ital. If they succeeded in seizing the city, 
1,000 government troops would be 
trapped between Rivas and the Costa Ri- 
can border, where an equally large con- 
tingent of guerrillas is entrenched. At 
week's end the Sandinistas had also cap- 
tured the city of Jinotepe, and were bat- 
tling for control of Esteli and Granada. 

Meanwhile, the Carter Administra- 
tion continued its scramble to devise a po- 
litical solution that would be acceptable 
to both Somoza and the Sandinista-spon- 
sored Junta of the Government of Na- 
tional Reconstruction. Washington's ma- 
jor worry about the junta, which set up 
temporary headquarters in a bungalow in 
San Jose, Costa Rica, is that two of its 
five members are leftists who may want 
to establish a Cuban-style Marxist regime 
in Managua. Hoping to ensure a more 
broad-based, and thus more democratic, 
future government for Nicaragua. Wash- 
ington two weeks ago sent its new am- 
bassador, Lawrence Pezzullo, to Managua 
and a veteran diplomat, William G. 
Bowdler, to San Jose with a proposal: So- 
moza would resign and be replaced by 
an interim government composed mostly 
of moderates but including some Sandi- 
nistas as well as pro-Somoza conserva- 
tives. That plan was rejected by the rebel 


TIME. JULY 16. 1979 

The Best Is Yet to Come 

No science writer in modern times has 
done more to capture the excitement and 
significance of space exploration than 
British-born Arthur C. Clarke. Author of 
more than 40 works of fiction and non- 
fiction (2001: A Space Odyssey, Rendez- 
vous with Rama), the prolific futurist has 
also had the pleasure of seeing some of 
his imaginative ideas come true, includ- 
ing the establishment of worldwide com- 
munications satellites, which he forecast 
in 1945. Clarke, who is chancellor at the 
University of Sri Lanka at Moratuwa, 
last appeared in the pages o/TlME a dec- 
ade ago, when man was about to take 
his first steps on the moon. Here he as- 
sesses the future: 

Space fantasy: scene from the movie 2001 

When Neil Armstrong stepped out onto the Sea of Tranquil- 
ity, the science-fiction writers had already been there for 
2,000 years. But history is always more imaginative than any 
prophet. No one had ever dreamed that the first chapter of 
lunar exploration would end after only a dozen men had walked 
upon the moon. 

Yet it was not the first time that ambition had outrun tech- 
nology. In the Antarctic summer of 1911-12, ten men reached 
the South Pole, and five returned. They used only the most prim- 
itive of tools and energy sources — snowshoes, dog sleds, their 
own muscles. Once the pole had been attained, it was aban- 
doned for nearly half a century. And then, in the 1957-58 In- 
ternational Geophysical Year, men came back with all the re- 
sources of modern technology. Aircraft and snow cats carried 
the new explorers swiftly and safely over the frozen hell where 
Robert Falcon Scott perished with his companions. For 20 years 
now, summer and winter, men and women have been living at 
the South Pole. 

So it will be with the moon. When we go there again, it will 
be in vehicles that will make the Saturn 5 — for all its stag- 
gering complexity and its 150 million horsepower — look like a 
clumsy, inefficient dinosaur of the early space age. And this 
time, we will stay. 

In 1969 the giant multistage rocket, discarded piecemeal 
after a single mission, was the only way of doing the job. That 
the job should be done was a political decision, made by a hand- 
ful of men. As William Sims Bainbridge pointed out in his 1976 
book The Spaceflight Revolution; a Sociological Study, space trav- 
el is a technological mutation that should not really have ar- 
rived until the 21st century. But thanks to the ambition and 
genius of Wernher von Braun and Sergei Korolev, and their in- 
fluence upon individuals as disparate as Kennedy and Khru- 
shchev, the moon — like the South Pole — was reached half a 
century ahead of time. 

We have bequeathed the solar system to our children, not 
our great-grandchildren, and they will be duly thankful. At 
the very least, this gift will enable them to look back on such 
transient crises as energy and material shortages with amused 

For the resources of the universe that is now opening up 
are. by all human standards, infinite. There are no limits to 
growth among the stars. Unfortunately, there is a tragic mis- 
match between our present needs and our capabilities. The con- 
quest of space will not arrive soon enough to save millions from 
leading starved and stunted lives. 

Thus it is all the more urgent that we exploit to the utmost 
the marvelous tools that space technology has already given us. 
Even now, few Americans realize that the skills, materials and 
instruments their engineers devised on the road to the moon 
have paid for themselves many limes over, both in hard cash 
and in human welfare. 

Never again will hurricanes smite 
without warning, after building up their 
strength unnoticed in the open sea. Ev- 
ery storm that moves upon the face of 
the globe is now watched by meteoro- 
logical satellites, to which thousands al- 
ready owe their lives. 

Thanks to communications satel- 
lites, the "global village" is no longer a 
figure of speech. Yet the "comsat" rev- 
olution has barely begun. In a few dec- 
ades it will have solved traffic conges- 
tion and rotting cities by making 
possible a world in which people can 
live anywhere they please, doing 90% 
of their business electronically, at the 
speed of light. 

From their perches in orbit, Land- 
sats and Seasats allow us to look at our planet with new eyes, sur- 
veying instantaneously all its agricultural, mineral and hydro- 
logical resources. And, equally important, monitoring their 

The rockets that launched all these systems will soon be re- 
placed by the space shuttle, which will reduce the cost of reach- 
ing orbit to a fraction of today's figures. Though the shuttle is 
only a modest first step, the story of aviation will repeat itself be- 
yond the atmosphere. Many of you now reading these words 
will be able to buy a ticket to the moon at a price equivalent to 
a round-the-world jet flight today. 

But the moon is only the offshore island of earth. We now 
know, thanks to our robot explorers, that the other children 
of the sun are more fantastic places than we had ever dreamed. 
The Voyager reconnaissance of Jupiter's giant moons has re- 
vealed what is virtually a whole new solar system of baffling 

Man has always found a use for new lands, however hostile. 
A century before Apollo, Secretary of State William Seward 
was being castigated for wasting $7.2 million to buy a worth- 
less, frozen wilderness. Today, most Americans would consider 
Alaska quite a bargain, at 2c an acre. 

We will not have to buy the planets from anyone. The 
main expense will be getting to them. And now there has 
appeared on the horizon an idea that may ultimately make 
space transport so cheap that if a million people a day want to 
commute to the moon, they can do so. 

It is nothing less (don't laugh) than a space elevator. First 
conceived by a Leningrad engineer, Yuri Artsutanov in 1960. it 
was reinvented by a group of American scientists a decade lat- 
er. There is no doubt that in theory at least it would work. 

Today's comsats demonstrate how an object can remain 
poised over a fixed spot on the equator by matching its speed to 
the turning earth, 22,320 miles below. Now imagine a cable, link- 
ing the satellite to the ground. Payloads could be hoisted up it 
by purely mechanical means, reaching orbit without any use of 
rocket power. The cost of operations could be reduced to a tiny 
fraction of today's values. 

We could not build such a cable today. But materials that 
could do the job have been produced, though so far only in mi- 
croscopic quantities — as were the first samples of penicillin, and 
of plutonium. When anything is needed badly enough, man 
finds ways of making it. 

Ten years ago, it was my privilege to write the epilogue to 
Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins' own account of their mission. 
First on the Moon. I would like to repeat now the closing words: 
"It may be that the old astrologers had the truth exactly re- 
versed, when they believed that the stars controlled the des- 
tinies of men. The time may come when men control the des- 
tiniesof stars." — Arthur C. Clarke 

TIME. JULY 16 1979 




On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court handed down a historic decision— 
once and for all banning segregation in public schools. To many, it seemed 
a giant step toward fulfilling a long-delayed dream of making ours truly a 
land of equal opportunity for all. 

What has happened in the 25 years since that landmark ruling? How much 
closer is America to equality for blacks— not only in education, but in jobs, in 
housing and in political power? 

In a major two-part report, CBS News examines the quality of life for black 
Americans today, focusing on Mississippi and Philadelphia. Correspondent 
Ed Bradley presents a powerful, often disturbing in-depth picture of a people 
in transition— struggling to escape the repression of a tragic past, fighting 
for the promise of a better tomorrow. 





Sex in the Kremlin's Shadow 

The Revolution has not yet reached as far as the bedroom 

A despondent husband wonders why his 
wife fails to respond to him during 
lovemaking. To his genuine astonishment, 
he learns from a physician that he was 
not accomplishing much of anything by 
stimulating his wife's navel. The naive 
husband may sound like a caricature con- 
cocted at a sex therapists' meeting, but 
for Mikhail Stern, a dissident Soviet phy- 
sician now living in France, the story is 
poignantly symptomatic of the woeful 
sexual lives of most Soviet citizens. 

Though the Kremlin is energetic 
about publishing statistics on many as- 
pects of Soviet life, one vital area re- 
mains terra incognita. The Communist 

more than 30 years this Soviet Kinsey was 
a practicing endocrinologist at a clinic in 
Vinnitsa, near the Ukrainian city of Kiev, 
where his patients called upon him for ad- 
vice on sexual problems. 

Such counseling was badly needed. 
Repression and prudishness have long 
been a sad fact of Russian life. Long be- 
fore the Communists, songs and folklore 
told of heroines suffering at the hands of 
men, and mothers have traditionally told 
their daughters, "If he doesn't beat you, 
he doesn't love you." Indeed, says Stern, 
sadomasochism and drink often rule the 
male-female relationship. He writes: "Vi- 
olence, alcoholism, and sex form an ex- 

leadership regards sex as virtually non- 
existent, except to raise the birth rate; 
whatever figures exist are guarded as 
closely as the real statistics on defense 
spending. Stern, who left the U.S.S.R. in 
1977, has now lifted that curtain slight- 
ly. In a book published in France, La 
vie sexuelle en U.R.S.S. (Sex in the So- 
viet Union), which is to be brought out 
in the U.S. next spring by Times Books, 
he offers the most comprehensive de- 
scription yet of sexual mores in the 

It is not a picture that one would think 
of titling The Joy of Sex. Deprived of op- 
portunities for intimacy because of over- 
crowded housing, overwhelmed by long 
entrenched sexual myths, and ruled by a 
government that seems to deny the very 
idea of a sex life, most Soviet citizens, says 
Stern, lead lives of "sexual misery." For 

plosive cocktail, making the line between 
'normal life' and criminal pathology ex- 
tremely fine." 

Many women are so physically 
scarred that they lose interest in sex. 
While official Soviet statistics say that 
only 18% of Russian women are frigid, 
Stern is convinced by his researches that 
the figure is closer to 45%. Nor is much 
help available for these women; sex ther- 
apy clinics are nonexistent. Women must 
turn to sympathetic doctors like Stern or 
to one or two available government man- 
uals that are about as informative as the 
hygiene texts once used in U.S. junior high 
schools. One 1974 Soviet sex guide, for 
example, recommends mineral water 
douches and vacations in warm climes as 
cures for frigidity. 

The party line on male sexuality is 
no more convincing. The 1974 sex hand- 

book boasts that 100% of Soviet men 
reach orgasm. In fact, says Stern, the men 
he treated were preoccupied with their 
manhood. Some complained to him of 
shrinking or insufficiently large penises. 
To ease these fears, he often prescribed vi- 
tamins—a placebo that some patients be- 
lieved enhanced size. 

When Soviet couples do make love, 
says Stern, the union too often is quick, 
mechanical, riddled with shame and ob- 
viously unsatisfying. He writes: "The typ- 
ical sex act is best done in the dark of 
night, under the bedclothes, and with the 
eyes closed." Foreplay, he says, is virtu- 
ally unheard of. Typically, the female as- 
sumes what the Russians call the cray- 
fish position with head and knees 
touching the bed. Her partner penetrates 
from the rear, and usually dismounts 

To Soviet men, holding back an eja- 
culation to satisfy the woman is con- 
sidered an immoral act with grave phys- 
ical and psychological consequences. As 
a result, says Stern, orgasm is "an almost 
exclusively masculine privilege." Says 
Stern, "Unaware that the woman possess- 
es any erogenous zones, the man usually 
imagines that as soon as his penis pen- 
etrates her vagina, the woman will be 
overcome with joy." 

Except for prostitution, which contin- 
ues to flourish in spite of official efforts to 
wipe it out, the Soviets have no stomach 
for "deviant" behavior. Pornography is 
rare. Oral sex is usually performed only 
with prostitutes (out of male fears of ve- 
nereal disease). Popular scorn of homo- 
sexuality is so intense that it is "simply 
passed over in silence." 

Amid all the restraint, exhibitionism 
seems a common phenomenon. Stern tells 
of a group of Muscovite women who reg- 
ularly compare how many flashers they 
have encountered in a day; one reported 
eight. More startling is the Soviet predi- 
lection for anonymous sex in such public 
places as crowded subways and buses. As 
Stern points out, this requires some gym- 
nastic ability and an adherence to cer- 
tain unwritten rules: when one man tried 
to strike up a postcoital acquaintance, the 
woman turned on him in fury and ac- 
cused him of "gross immorality." 

Some efforts seem to be under way to 
break away from the stifling past. There 
is, for instance, a fledgling underground 
pornographic press called sexizdat (after 
the samizdat underground literary move- 
ment). Stern also reveals that daring pro- 
testers have been dropping pornographic 
doodles into ballot boxes. Yet in spite of 
such pathetic signs of rebellion. Stern does 
not see enlightenment any time soon. In- 
deed, he fears that sex may become in- 
creasingly cold, cynical and impersonal 
in the U.S.S.R. All of which underscores 
his basic message: that the Revolution 
stopped at the bedroom door. ■ 


TIME. JULY 23. 1979 

















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Bea e trS n Ca E sSd r v "sSiinH; ' .r^ ^ YeatS is at the hand-press, l**^ <**&* 

1 . 


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ACR secures 
distribution to 
'Zulu Dawn' 


International Kditor 

American Cinema Releasing 
Corp., a subsidiary of American 
Communications Industries, has 
secured the theatrical, nontheatrical, 
network and ancillary distribution 
rights to the $1 3-million epic, "Zulu 
Dawn." ACR president David Miller 
will test-market the film in four or 
five areas later this year before its 
general release. 

"We have also been thinking of 
changing the title," .said Miller, a 
former Young & Rubicam account 
executive. "Twenty-five titles, give or 
take a few, have been suggested. I 
believe, however, that its original title 
will be retained." 

"Zulu Dawn," financially backed 
by Lamitas, the European tax shelter 
organization, the Samarkand Pro- 
duction was announced at Cannes as 
being distributed by Orion through 
Warner Bros. However, that deal was 

— continued on page 21 

Corwin, Kartozian 
to cochair 1979 
NATO convention 

Bruce Corwin and William Karto- 
zian, president and chairman, respec- 
tively, of the Theatre Assn. of Cali- 
fornia, will act as cochairmen of this 
year's National Assn. of Theatre 
Owners convention, NATO presi- 
dent A. Alan Friedberg confirmed 
yesterday. Additionally, Corwin's fa- 
ther, Sherrill, will serve as honorary 
chairman of the event, scheduled for 
Oct. 28-Nov. 1 at the Bonaventure 
Hotel here. 

Both Corwins have accepted Fried- 
berg's invitation, and Kartozian, who 
has been out of the country on vaca- 
tion, is expected to do likewise. 

It is customary for the leading ex- 
hibitors in the host state to chair the 
convention, but the irony here is that 
California exhibitors as a group are 
not affiliated with NATO. The two 

— continued on page 21 


Corman accuses majors of 
'squeezing, smashing 9 indies 

By FRANK BARRON were $31 million, while b.o. figures "The majors are driving us out," he 
While admitting that his New were identical. But film rentals were charged, "and blind-bidding is the 
World Pictures should gross about greater in proportion. I am happy to worst offender. The majors are too 
$87 million this year in boxoffice be holding even." big. States must outlaw blind-bid- 
receipts, and about $32 million in film Corman accused the majors of ding. (Note: 15 states have already 
rentals, NWP president Roger "grabbing most of the market. They outlawed that practice.) This will help 
Corman is nevertheless accusing the are smashing us, across the country, the independent." 
major studios of "freezing out, They have locked in the theatres in Corman, one of the biggest of the 
squeezing and smashing the inde- the past two years. In the past two — continued on page 21 

pendent distributors." years there has been about a 50% cut ~Z^ ; ~ " 

Since its inception in 1970, New for independent distributors. We OartOOniSt lOCal 

World has taken in $149 million in must do better or be out. Some inde- . 

rentals and $441 million in boxoffice pendent art film distributors are tO remain OUt 

grosses, and until this year had seen already out." « • . -pw. . ■ 

its profits rise for eight consecutive New World, as with several other QeSpite Dielll 

seasons. "Last year was almost the indies, is into production and distri- R riIV i/-ir t-in r. 

_ 5) /-. .1 nr» • 1 , . Bv EUNICE HELD 

same, Corman stated. Renta s bution r . J . 1 1 om • 

• Cartoonists Local 839 is going to 

(C[for \\Zarc' Cfll O hr\f if Om • stay out on strike in spite of a request 

Ol<ll TTdla 91111 A. 11UI lit III*, from IATSE president Walter Diehl 

2/ys\{\ a ■ • • asking members to return to work, 

,3i)\) playdates in reissue a Hes ^ ing to business agent Bud 

By ROGER CELS covering some 2,300 total playdates, " We sent °_ ack a telegram to Mr. 

"Star Wars," which began its sec- according to Ashley Boone, presi- continued on page 21 

ond consecutive summer reissue yes- dent of the studio's distribution oper- » o/^ I 1 

terday, has not tarnished with time in ation. At$C^ ITiaKeS last 

terms of its ability to secure playtime Boone claimed that demand from • . » 

even in this most crucial of periods. exhibitors for the picture was so minUte CnangeS 

The film, which has racked up over strong that availability of prints was • •* f 11 1* 
$260 million in worldwide film rentals the only stumbling block to its being ltt llS 1311 1 1 111*11 p 
for distributor 20th Century-Fox, booked into hundreds of more houses. By RICHARD HACK 
opened yesterday in 690 theatres, with "If I had another 600 prints I'd it's "Detective School" in; "No- 
759 more dates to be added tomor- have 600 more dates," he remarked. body's Perfect" out, as ABC made 
row night. It will play in waves of One interesting aspect of this go- several last-minute revisions of its fall 
three-week limited engagements round for "Star Wars" is that prints season lineup yesterday. "Detective 
will include a two-minute trailer pro- School - One Flight Up," which de- 

IV! ClVf t(\ Oinnt moting " Em P' re Strikes Back <" the buted on July 31 to high Nielsen 

IVIVJIVI IO MIOOl sequel to "Star Wars." The trailer - continued on page 21 

^C^(\crv\\r*^ tiPYt VPQr w '" conta ' n actual footage from ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ m 

V..USII111 IICAI JC<U -Empire," which is scheduled for re- T-HTOTrYC 1 

"The Amazing Cosmic Connec- lease next May 21. lJNi^lUti 

tion," a comedy concerning an Thus begins the selling effort on — — ; — ——. — — — — : j" 

idealistic alien being and a disenfran- "Empire," which ultimately will in- Mus,c: M , a J or labels takin 8 wait - an , d fi 

chised Santa Monica bus driver, will elude all types of promotion in the see attltude on P nces Pa 8 e 18 

be brought to the screen by MGM, largest marketing campaign ever Finance: Technicolor's 1979 profits 

announced Raymond Wagner, MGM undertaken by 20th-Fox. Among the up 125% t0 recor d $7 9 million 17 

vp for production. selling tools which will be employed is 

B. Armyan Bernstein is writing the a plan to offer related merchandise Film Production Charts . 9 

screenplay and will coproduce the such as T-shirts and toys in the lob- Televisions: Richard Hack . 6 

comedy with Alan Greisman. Filming bies of theatres playing the picture, Curtain Calls: Ron Pennington . 18 

is planned for sometime next year. according to Boone. The Great Life: George Christy . 20 

UTAH! Call us Well Locate 

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Entertainment Stocks 

Courtesy of Joe Abdullah 

Smilh. Rarnvt, Harris, Ipham Co. 

Wednesday, \ugusl 15. I«J79 

Dow Jones hid. \.R. K85.83 + 9.13 

\> SK Volume 46.1.V),IKl(l 

Ms| tdvinces 9 *l 

M Sh Declines 517 

N\ SK I nchaneed 441 



Sales 100 High Ion Close Chg. 

•\mcrBdisi 454 46~« 46". 46% 

Ampev 1048 18'. I7'« 18'* 

\vco 1634 :«'< 26 J /4 28 

Bell&Howell 1560 19'.- 17'. 19''k 

BerkevPhoto 55 3W i>> IV* 

CapCitBdcsl 130 47". 47 47VS 

ChrisCrafl 99 19". 19 19'. 

CBS 283 56", 56 56 

ColumbiaPic 241 24% 

CoxBdcst 3 64 

Craig 25 9", 

Wall Disney 639 4 P. 

Dun&Brad'si 289 39". 

Eastman Kd 1292 57 J /. 

E.M.I 87 2'. 

Faberge 144 10 

Filmways 491 17 

luqua . 1191 14V. 

GeneralCinema ... 93 23 3 /. 

GeneralTire 121 21 Vt 

Gulf+Wstrn 960 18 

Harrah's 515 26 , <', 

Hilton 193 32% 

LoewsCorp 960 64V. 

Mattel 511 10", 

MCA 323 43'/« 

Metromedia 64 66 

MGM 258 20'. 

NortonSimon 428 16". 

Pla\ hov 30 16". 16'/« 16", 

RCA 3662 25V. 24V. 25'/! 

RepublicCrp 102 29V. 28'/. 29 

SanJuanRacing 18 16'/. 16'/2 16'/, 

StorerBdcst 189 44V. 43V. 44 

Superscope 28 4V. 4% 4Vs 

TaftBdcst 72 29'/, 29 29V, 

Technicolor 157 16". 15V, 15'/, 

TelePrmpTer 584 18"; 17V. l8'/i 

Transamrca 1787 20". 19", 20". 

20th-Fox 99 43 42"; 42V. 

Viacom 291 33"; 31V, 33". 

WarnersCommun 963 38V. 38'/, 38"2 

Westinghse 2129 21V, 21". 21". 

Wometco '..362 22 21", 21V, 

Zenith 159 13'/, 13V, 13". 


24 Vi 24": 

63'/« 64 

8"! 9V« 

40'.. 41% 

38 39". 

56', 57% + 

2". 2". - 

9'. 10 

16V, |6'/i + 

13". 14". + 

23% 23V, - 

2Vh 21", - 

17", 17V. - 

24 W 26V, - 

32", 3 2 "2 - 

63'/« 64" ; + 

10 10'/, - 

43", 43% - 

64'/, 66 + 

19V. 19". - 

16% 16", - 

+ 1 
+ 1V, 

+ ", 

- '/, 
+ V, 

+ '/« 

+ "2 
+ '/« 

- ", 

+ 1V, 

- ", 

InflightMlPic 14 I", 1", 

Movielab 15 5V. 5V. 

MPOVideo - 

NatlPatDev 231 8", 8V, 

ReevesBdcst 2 4V, 4V, 

SonderlingBd 36 25V. 25", 

Trans-Lux 117 7 6 1 /; 

WratherCorp 32 16 16 



8'/, + V, 


25 V, + ", 






2 "2 


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CompactVideo (common) 

CompactVideo (units) 

CompactVideo (warrants) 


13 "2 



14 "2 

14 V, 




5 1 /, 















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21st Cent.Comm 







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4 V, 

These are the last reported prices of listed securities 
on the last bid and asked prices for OTC securities 
as of the close of business. The Hollywood Reporter 
takes no responsibility for the accuracy of these 
prices as reported by other public media. 


Technicolor's 1979 profits up Harrah's earnings 

depressed in fiscal 
year, 4th quarter 

Harrah's Corp. reported lower 
earnings for the fourth quarter and 

125% to record $7.9 million 

Technicolor Inc. reported record 
results for its fiscal year ended June 

Net earnings climbed 125% to $7.9 

Superscope's red 
ink spreads in 
2nd qtr., 6 months 

Superscope Inc.'s losses widened in 
the second quarter and six months 
ended June 30. 

The loss for the quarter came to 
$7.3 million, up from the $4.3 million 
deficit reported in the year-earlier 
span. Sales increased by 17.5% to $47 
million versus $40 million. 

This brought red ink for the first 
half to $9 million versus a loss of $5.5 
million in the 1978 half. Revenues 
rose 18% to $98 million from $83 

Chairman Joseph S. Tushinsky 
said that $4.5 million of the loss for 
the quarter and half is attributable to 
the writeoff of certain deferred items, 
a proportionately higher addition to 
accounts receivable reserves and the 
phasing out of Vorsetzer production. 

The current third quarter is also 
expected to show a loss, but at a re- 
duced rate, he added. 

Discussions with the company's 
domestic banks for a new loan agree- 
ment to restructure domestic bank 
debt are continuing, the company 

Superscope recently announced 
that it had entered into a contract 
with a private investor for the sale of 
its headquarters building in Chats- 
worth, Calif. Proceeds from the sale, 
which is expected to be consum- 
mated by the end of September, will 
enable the company to reduce out- 
standing indebtedness a minimum of 
$13 million. 

Golden Nugget 
qtr., 6 months off 

Las Vegas casino operator Golden 
Nugget Inc. reported a drop in sec- 
ond quarter and six months earnings, 
primarily as a result of its planned At- 
lantic City move. 

Net in the quarter declined by 38% 
to $692,000, or 12 cents a share, down 
from the $1.1 million, or 23 cents a 
share, posted in the year-ago period. 
Revenues rose 7% to $11.7 million 
from $10.9 million. 

First half profits fell 15.5% to $1.9 
million, or 35 cents a share, versus 
$2.25 million, or 46 cents a share, in 
the 1978 span. Sales increased 10% to 
$23.8 million form $21.6 million. 

million, or $2.70 a share, up from the 
$3.5 million, or $1.20 a share, earned 
in fiscal 1978. Sales improved by 18% 
to $162.6 million from $137.35 

Profits in the fourth quarter surged 
ahead 90% to $2.3 million, or 77 cents 
a share, compared to $1.2 million, or 
41 cents a share, in the year-earlier 
span. Revenues rose 25% to $45.3 
million versus $36.2 million. 

Technicolor attributed the earn- 
ings gain for fiscal 1979 mainly to in- 
creased sales activity at the North 
Hollywood film lab, the acquisition 
during the year of all the outstanding 
minority shares of the Vidtronics Co. 
and a nonrecurring charge to earn- 
ings in the prior year of $2.1 million, 
or 71 cents a share, from the reap- 
praisal of the carrying value of the 
company's Italian subsidiary and the 
closing of an unprofitable film 
processing operation in Milan. 

Technicolor also noted that profits 
in the prior year and fourth quarter 
were adversely affected by a six-week 
strike at its lab in Rome. 

year ended June 30. 

Net in the fiscal year slipped by 6% 
to $15.9 million, or $1.92 a share, 
down from the $16.9 million, or $2.36 
a share, earned in the prior year. 
Sales gained by 49% to $195.55 mil- 
lion versus $131.4 million. 

In the final quarter, profits were off 
slightly at $4. 16 million, or 49 cents a 
share, compared to $4.21 milliion, or 
58 cents a share, in the year-previous 
period. Revenues rose 7% to $50.5 
million from $47.3 million. 

The company, which operates 
hotel-casinos in Northern Nevada, at- 
tributed the dip in earnings princi- 
pally to "higher labor and promo- 
tional costs caused by increased com- 

Lloyd Dyer, president, said the 
fourth quarter "suffered from the im- 
pact of the gasoline shortage and the 
United Airlines strike." 

Dyer added that Harrah's plans to 
open another 14,700 square feet of 
casino space in Reno late next sum- 
mer . 

just signed 
with what 


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State - 




Major record labels taking a 
wait-and-see attitude on price 


Other major record labels seem in 
no hurry to create new list price cate- 
gories for albums, similar to the one 
revealed by MCA Records a week 
ago (HR 8/8/79). 

Under the MCA plan, which some 
see as a return to multiple pricing in 
an industry suffering one of its worst 
sales years ever, both new and fledg- 
ling artists' records, as well as recent 
releases from already established 
acts, will be offered for $5.98. On the 
average, list prices for LPs are $7.98. 

It's hoped that the move - first to 
involve MCA's Infinity label - will 
give slumping sales a boost. 

There's pretty much a wait-and-see 
attitude on behalf of the labels, al- 
though some, like RCA, plan to offer 
some catalogue material ($7.98) at a 

When contacted, CBS Records in- 
dicated that although such a move has 
been discussed, there are no concrete 
plans to go ahead with reduced prices 
of any of its discs. A CBS 
spokesperson commented, "We 
haven't got anything to announce at 
this time. We're always reviewing our 


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position on matters like this." 

"No comment" was the response 
from both Warner Bros, and EMI- 
Capitol Records. "I cannot legally 
discuss prices," said Ed Rosenblatt, a 
Warner Bros, executive. 

At Warner-Elektra-Atlantic, the 
marketing operation, a key executive 
remarked, "We did have a meeting on 
it last week, and there has been talk to 
rearrange our policy. Multiple pric- 
ing has been under consideration for 
some time. It's sad it takes adversity 
to spur action, though. Some feel 
multiple pricing is dumb. It can mean 
giving away, for a lower price, some 
of your top product." 

The WEA official added, "This is 
one of the first times the economy has 
had a real negative effect on the 
record industry. Films are doing well, 
but records are suffering this time." 

He called for record industry self- 
examination, particularly in the area 
of spending and product return. 
"We're taking a hard look, just like 
everybody else is." 

One of the country's chief distribu- 
tors, Sid Talmadge, who heads Los 
Angeles-based Record Merchandis- 
ing, had this to say, "I think multiple 
pricing is a bad idea. There are 
enough problems in the industry now 
without creating new ones. If a rec- 
ord's got it, then it will sell. It won't 
make it by lowering the price. Cheap 
product doesn't make a good artist. If 
it's a hit, it's a hit. I'm not a believer 
in reducing prices on new acts." 

He did say that lowering prices on 
established catalogue items could be a 
good move, however. "That makes 
sense, people will buy them." 

Disco Rollers in 
'Skatetown, USA' 

Roller skaters are having a field 
day, between feature films and TV 
properties (HR 8/9/79), and now 
comes the newest group to find fairly 
consistent work in films, Jerry Nista 
and the Jerry Nista Disco Rollers. 

The group currently is being used in 
"Skatetown, USA," the Rastar film 
for Columbia release. Just completed 
are appearances on the "Dinah" 
show, the Bobby Vinton Special, 
NBC-TV's "Olympathon '79," 
"A.M. Los Angeles" and "Mid 
Morning, L.A.," as well as at the 
opening of Fllmex. 

The Nista Rollers also are used for 
record company promotions, music 
festivals, various commercials and 
on-air promos for NBC-TV. 

Nista, in fact, was the choreog- 
rapher and roller skating instructor to 
Erik Estrada of "CHiPs" for the spe- 
cial two-hour debut episode called 
"Roller Disco." 

The Jerry Nista Disco Rollers are 
represented by Pen Dennis at (2 13) 



other mind-expanding drugs in a search for self-realization made him one of 
the most controversial figures of the '60s, is renewing the quest that elevated 
him to cult hero status during that turbulent decade. Now, however, instead of 
assailing the "establishment" from the hallowed halls of Harvard University, 
he is preparing to launch a new attack from the stage of Budd Friedman's 
Improvisation, where he will be presented in seven performances on Aug. 20 
and 26 and Sept. 3 and 10. ... Timothy Leary as stand-up comedian? 
Actually, the idea is not that far-fetched because satirical humor has always 
been an effective tool for debunking myths and prodding change, although 
Leary prefers the label of "stand-up philosopher" in regard to his Improvi- 
sation gig. . . . During an interview last week, Leary talked about his up- 
coming engagement — which is titled "How To Joyfully and Profitably Sur- 
vive the Total Collapse of Civilization in the 1980s" or "Roasting the Sacred 
Cows of the Sober 1970s" — and what he hopes to accomplish by appearing in 
a Hollywood showroom. . . . "During the 1960s, the place to start changing 
culture was Harvard University, but in the 1980s that place will be the Sunset 
Strip. I feel the direction of the future will come from Hollywood, not 
Washington, Teheran or Bombay," he explained. "If I can influence people in 
the record, movie and TV industries, then I can help factuate the myths and the 
images of the '80s." ... At Harvard, he said he learned right away that the old 
guard, the deans, could not be changed, so he did his work with graduate stu- 
dents. "Now, Hollywood is to me very much like Harvard was in the '60s," he 
continued. "But I don't want to take over Hollywood any more than I wanted 
to be a tenure professor at Harvard. I just wanted the graduate students to 
move out with something more, with the freedom to criticize, to outrage, to 
excite or whatever." 


tive people as I did in the '60s and to ridicule and outrage the establishment 
that has been preaching conformity," Leary emphasized. "If I'm lucky, I will 
be able to influence 200-300 young talented media people or at least inject into 
their blood systems some jokes against the Lew Wassermans and the Jane 
Fondas. I want to teacsh these people how to outrage and ridicule the sacred 
cows and to suggest ways of writing positive, self-confident themes." . . . 
Among the people Leary said he intends to "roast" (each evening is devoted to 
a different set of people and topics) is William Shakespeare. "All of his 
dramas hinge on someone making a stupid mistake at some point in the play," 
he explained, adding that "Romeo should have smoked a joint, gotten drunk 
or shot heroin. Then Juliet could have woken up, put him in a methadone pro- 
gram and they would have lived happily ever after." . . . Leary went on to say 
that his particular "sacred cows" are Hemingway and Fitzgerald, calling them 
"humdrum losers. They especially glorified losers and suffering and failure, 
which all adds up to a pessimistic depreciation of self-consciousness," he ex- 
claimed. "We neod intelligence, and more positive images, but movies today 
provide no models for young people. Everything is based on the Judeo-Chris- 
tian myth of suffering and sacrifice." 

1 HE 1980s, IN GENERAL, SHOULD BE PEOPLE refusing to 
cooperate with the political-cultural establishment," Leary continued. To illus- 
trate his point, he noted that a recent survey revealed that about 78% of the 
American public has lost faith with the American government. "But in private 
life, they feel comfortable about themselves and they are able to cope with life 
on a personal level," he emphasized. "So we are seeing a move toward indi- 
viduality and away from the sacred cows." ... On a more humorous note, he 
interjected that he thinks the San Andreas Fault is misnamed. "It's really the 
San Andreas Opportunity," he exclaimed, "because when the great quake 
comes, California will rise upward and the rest of the country will go down. 
And this is based on geological fact." . . . Leary has been doing about 30-40 
college lectures a year, but he said the Improvisation performances will differ 
in that they will focus on the media. "I use a lot of humor, although it is based 
on fact and not just one-liners. And behind the humor, it is all very serious, and 
I use slides and charts to substantiate the facts. Hollywood is the nose cone of 
the time step," he concluded, "and the theme of what I am trying to do is 
increased intelligence." 




Bay City Rollers from Phila- 

Stan Kann to Sacramento. 

Joe Sirola from N.Y. 

Budd Friedman to N.Y. 

Al Goldstein from N.Y. 

Mark Erik Schneiderman to San 

Sabrina to Las Vegas. 

Lou Epton to Las Vegas. 

Tiffany Peters from Portland. 

Richard Teague to Portland. 

Sheldon A. Saltman and A/a/r 
Helreich from Hawaii. 

Richard Harris and Beverly 
D'Angelo to Toronto. 

Davz'd Janssen to Korea. 

5/ew Guttenberg to N.Y. 

./fTmr Agutter to Lexington Park, 

.STiaW /.eww from Orlando, Fla. 

Z.«/;> Nielsen to Toronto. 

7b«y Bennett from Las Vegas. 

Anthony Newley to Las Vegas. 

7oa« Rivers to Las Vegas. 

7ortv Messina from Las Vegas. 

FrartA- Kan der Veer and flarrv 
,Yo/afl to London. 

Jim Bailey to Pittsburgh. 

Moola to N.Y. 

C7?ra Robinson to Gila River, 

.46? Mandell from N.Y. 

7oer Travolta to London. 

Frankie Slater to N.Y. 

Spain festival 
films chosen 

SAN SEBASTIAN, Spain - This 
year's film festival to be held here 
from September 8-19 will feature 
films from the U.S., "Alien," "Apoc- 
alypse Now" and "Manhattan." 
From the U.K., "Quadrophenia" and 
from Italy, "Le Rosi di Danzica." 

Further films will be announced 
over the next several weeks. 

A special screening of Bertolucci's 
"La Luna" is expected and an out-of- 
competition screening of Rossi's 
"Eboli" and Fellini's "Provo d' Or- 
chestra" will be featured. 




Charmer in Hollywood Hills, view 
from everywhere. Immaculate, 4 
Br., 2% Ba. Paddle sun porch, 
Palos Verdes frplc. Central heat air 
conditioning. Peg & grooved hard- 
wood firs. Complete sep. guest 
quarters, patios, low main- 
tenance. Close to transportation. 
Motivated seller. $189,000 
Contact Bobbe Rader 
and Harvey Pepper 

Tours & Travel 


The peace accord between Israel and Egypt has produced 
this unique cruise program on the famous MTS Jason* 

Frequent sailings in December, January, February and 
March commencing in Suez to Aqaba, Eilat, Safaga 
(Egypt) and return to Suez. Duration seven days from $595 
to $1,200 per person, two to a room, plus taxes of $30 per 
person. Itinerary allows ample time to enjoy each port, 
and for shore excursions to: Luxor, Hurgada and Cairo, 
from Suez. Petra from Aqaba. From Eilat to the Dead Sea, 
Sodom and Masada; Jerusalem and Bethlehem; and to St. 
Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Desert. You may also 
board in Eilat for the round trip. Include this cruise as part 
of your Middle East plans this winter. We will provide the 
most economical air transportation for your entire 
itinerary, as well as your hotels, sightseeing and other 

Brochure and other information from Celebrity Travel. 

•Greek Registry 



TELEX 696324 






^ Complete 



Delivery Service 

From Letters 

to Limousines 

(213) 851-9215 







Richard Hack's Televisions 
every day in The Reporter 



Take over the lease or buy - the 
car is in showroom condition. 

(213) 273-6882 
Mon.-Thur. 9 a.m. -4 p.m. 

for your limousine, call 

24-hour service 

corporate accounts welcome 



3-camera video van $100 an hour. Com- 
puterized video editing $55 an hour. Film- 
to-tape transfer $50 an hour. Tape duplica- 
tion $18 an hour. 

(213) 823-8622 




unlimited cash 




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Call (213) 277-9163 
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Real Estate Rentals 


Charming inside office 

in 5-room suite. 
- Air Conditioned - 


For Lease, beautiful private can- 
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52,000. Exec. Townhse. Adults. Prime nr. 
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Completely furn. 2-Br. house on the 
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2 Br., 2 Ba., liv. rm., kitch., appliances 
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off Br. to pvt. deck + pvt. patio on 1st 
level off liv. rm. Newly decorated. 
Immed. occupancy. 
652-2222 $850/mo. 

they lost their hearts 
in San FranciscaJo 

'The performance is so good that those who care are 
dumbfounded... following the O'Connor overture, Sidney Miller 
came to join the act and from then on it was Gallagher 
& Sheen, Weber & Fields— any one of a number of the famed 
vaudeville song-and-dance comedy duos... Through all of this 
O'Connor and Miller romp and lurch, sing and strut, clown 
and cavort through brilliant mini-medley inserts... O'Connor 
is incomparable. His voice is bright and pure; his tune 
selection impeccable... Visual acts are the hardest 
to review; musical ones next. This is a visual musical, 
but not hard to evaluate. It is essentially a performance 
by a great traditional showman ... I've long expressed my 
feelings that music from the heart is what matters— and last night 
I had the distinct feeling that O'Connor was touching most 
of the hearts in the crowd." 

"Donald O'Connor has brought 
laughter back and it is welcome . . . 
The funniest and freshest act to 
hit San Francisco in eons. It's 
been a long time since I've laughed 
so hard, relished every moment, felt 
I had been really entertained and 
got totally turned on by all the 
people around me falling off their 
chairs with howls of laughter... 
O'Connor and Sidney Miller run 
gags past you between soft shoe 
and tap routines, donning a wig, 
slipping into a dress, razzing 
each other and making monkey- 
shines out of standard song lyrics, 
with the pacing and polish 
of a two-man cast of 
'Saturday Night Live 

— Barbara Bladen, 


Qlt / tnCMj HC 

ATOP NOB HILL ■ SAN FRANCISCO 94106 • (4151 772-5000 


August 3, 1979 

Dear Donald: 

I want to take this somewhat belated opportunity 
to thank you for the wonderful and successful 
job you did for us in the Venetian Room of the 
Fairmont Hotel. Your show was a total delight 
and it was good to see people waiting in line 
for entertainment instead of gasoline. 

We hope you will come back to the Venetian Room 
soon. We were delighted to know that you will 
be the opening show for the Fairmont Hotel in 
Denver starting September 10th. 



Motion Pictures & Television: 

The Bedford Co. (Glenn Rose) 


Personal Management: 
William Loeb (213) 273-3570 
& The Bedford Co 


sets On Growth, 
isco Market 

Disco artists have the capacity to develop 

it I images, too. and that's why it's crucial that 

he labels utilize their every resource to 

promote an artist. It means involvement at 

every level." 

Caviano believes that disco is more than 
a fad, but does he feel the industry is mak- 
ing a commitment to disco as fast as it 
could? "I seeahigher awareness beginning 
to set in. but right now we're faced with the 
task of selling more than just records." he 
said. "We've got to concentrate on making 
responsible decisions in areas like artist 
development and tour support. But first 
we've got to expand these one-man disco 
departments, because later on it will be like 
trying to put your finger in a dike, trying 
hard to catch up." 

Disco Airwaves 

In disco radio, he says, programmers 
must proceed with caution if they are to en- 
joy the success achieved by stations such 
as WKTU "The disco airwaves must be 
sensibly managed. It is possible to prog ram 
a station with a dance-floor consciousness 
and still play a melodic piece of music. 
Thats responsible programming. We've 
got to look to long-term planning, which 
means adding more non-disco music the 
same way Top 40 has got to learn to add 
more disco to its playlists. 

"The liability in the disco field isn't as 
great as it is in the rock area." he said. "I can 
sign an act at a reasonable rate and not give 
away the candy store, so that I still have 
room for a marketing budget. When vou 
give away a lot of dollars to a performer, 
you're somewhat hesitant about your 
marketing investment. In disco, it's possi- 
ble to keep your costs in sync. 

"Disco's greatest challenge in the '80s 
means striving to keep the music fresh," he 
concluded. "It means stimulating the retail 
community to a greater degree as well as 
maintaining your credibility at radio. Our 
promo team has a terrific understanding of 
the market that they're dealing with, which 
immediately enhances the chance for your 
product to succeed. Disco is not a dirty 

Peterson & Eldridge 
Form New ECS Label 

LOS ANGELES — Eldridqe & Peterson 
Associates, a talent managment firm, has 
formed ECS Records, a Las Vegas-based 
label. Pete Peterson will be president of the 
new label, which will include product from 
Bettye Swan and The Soul Connection, and 
Peggy Eldridge, vice president of Peterson 
& Eldridge. will head up the management 

Queen & Cars Get Gold 

LOS ANGELES — Two Elektra/Asylum 
LPs. "Live Killers" by Queen and "Candy- 
O" by»the Cars, have been certified gold by 
the RIAA 


.. ontin hh1 from a '08 "' ' 

support act? Contact Future Presentations in LA. and try and get Timothy Leary. The 
counter-cultural priest wowed a big crowd at the Scottish Rite Auditorium last month 
and he's bound to stimulate any audience . . . Jem-distributed Virgin International's 
Magazine is playing the club circuit, including the Whisky in L.A. Aug. 30-Sept 1. 
ON THE TUBE — CBS-TV has a Cheap Trick special based on the upcoming "Dream 
Police" album set for October. So don't look for the album, which has been in the can for 
months, to be released before then . . . After their current tour. The Cars will host "Mid- 
night Special," with a lineup of guests the group will choose itself . . . On July 30. a spe- 
cial 90-minute "Dinah!" airs. The show's theme is nuclear safety, and the Doobie 
Brothers, Jackson Browne, and Bonnie Riatt quest CBS-TV fjas completed film- 
ing on "The Eleventh Victim." starring Eric Burdon as a faded rock star . . . The author- 
ized John Wayne biography. "Shooting Star." is set to become a TV movie with an un- ■ 
known playing the Duke . . . The Dixie Dregs taped Don Kirshner's Rock Concert" last 

FILM NEWS — Two years in the making, The Clash movie "Rude Bov" is nearing 
completion in London. The humorous look at the British punk scene is bemq produced 
bv Michael White Meat Loaf has signed to star with Richard Benjamin and- Ruth 
Gordon in Scavenger Hunt" Universal has Olivia Newton-John set to appear in a 
musical fantasy called "Xanadu" . . . Eddie Money has written the main theme for 
"Americathon." The soundtrack will also include a pair of Elvis Costello cuts not found 
on his U.S LPs . Director Hal Ashby's "The Hamster Of Happiness" will feature a 
score bv Willis Allen Ramsay. 

COMING RELEASES — The Rolling Stones are wrapping their next album in Paris, set 
for fall release. Tentative title: "Another Fine Mess You've Got Me Into, Ronnie" . . . 
Michael Jackson's first solo LP in five vears. "Off The Wall." is due any day and fea- 
tures songs written for him by Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney Randy Newman 
has cancelled all tour plans, but his "Born Again" album should be out soon . . . 
"Faster." George Harrison's English single dedicated to late auto racer Gunnar Nils- 
son, will not be released in the U.S. . . . Billy Preston's first Motown solo album. "Late At 
Night." is hitting the stores any day . . . Upcominq E/P/A releases include a pair of 
$8. 98s. Dan Fogelberg and a hits packaqe from Jeff Beck, and LPs from Johnny Pay- 
check, Rick Nelson, The Jacksons, Andy Pratt and Ellen Foley The soundtrack for 
"Apocalypse Now 1 " on Elektra/Asylum features all 11' 2 minutes of the Doors' classic 
"The End" . . . Fantasy is puttinq out a two-LP live album from the Bread & Roses 
Festival of Acoustic Music. Artists will include Joan Baez, Jackson Browne, Arlo 
Guthrie, Maria Muldaur, Buffy Sainte-Marie and Jesse Colin Young Chanson's 
"Together We Stand" is due Aug. 13. 

STUDIO TRACKS — Daryl "The Captain" Dragon plans to open a new S1 5 million 
recording studio in the west San Fernando Valley in August . . 3rd Ear Recordinq 
Studios is expandinq its offices, recording and rehearsal studios to a second Holly- 
wood location, 1227 Wilton PI. . . . At Quadrafonic Sound Studios in Nashville Jimmy 
Buffett is mixing his new MCA LP. recorded in the West Indies; Leo Kottke is working on 
his next for Chrysalis: Steve Forbert is cutting his second Nemperor LP with producer 
John Simon and Warner Bros ' Etc. is working with producer/engineer Gene Eichel- 
berger At Cherokee in Hollywood: Jean -Luc Ponty is producing himself for Atlantic; 
Jeff Baxter is producing Livingston Taylor for Epic and co-producing Four On The 
Floor with Al Kooper . Ann-Margaret is recording a new single at Filmwavs/H eider in 
Hollywood . . At F/H in San Francisco. Michael McDonald is adding vocals to some 
tracks on Alex Call's project, beinq produced by Keith Knudsen and AllenToussaint is 
producinq Jorge Santana's next for Apple . . . John McVie is producing former Grass 
Roots member Rob Grill. 

NEW SIGNINGS — The Dukes, featuring former Wings member Jimmy McCulloch, 
has pacted with Warner Bros. A single is due soon, with an LP set for September . . . 
Gary Borman Management has signed Kittyhawk, a iazz band fealunnq the Chapman 
stick, a new 10-stnng electric instrument Eric Doctorow. former director of market- 
ing services at ABC Records, has signed on as a partner with Shelly Heber and Leanne 
Meyers at Image Marketing & Media . . Bill Yaryan has been named associate pub- 
lisher at GPI Publication. GPI publishes "Guitar Plaver." "Contemporary Keyboard" 
and "Frets." Yaryans has worked for Atlantic and MCA Records 

SHORTTAKES — Midge U re has joined Thin Lizzy as temporary replacement for Gary 
Moore, who split with the group during its current tour. Ure will |oin Ultravox after the 
tour Moore's solo LP on Jet. "Back On The Streets." is due in late August . The Tom 
Robinson Band has broken up FCC's "Baby I Want You" may become a collector's 
item. A new cover is being designed for the album adding a new member . . AGAC's 
August ASKAPRO lineup includes Chappell Music's Glenn Friedman, Aug 2. Screen 
Gems' Geri Duryea, Aug. 9: American Song Festivals Flip Black, Aug 16: songwriter 
Peter McCann, Aug 18: jingle writer Randy Van Horn, Auq 23 and Carol Cassano of 
April/Blackwood. Auq. 30 For info call 462-1 108. . The Philadelphia Phillies' bat boy 
July 24 at Dodqer Stadium was lifelonq Phillie fan Bruce Wendell, Capitol s vice presi- 
dent of promotion . . "How To Be A Music Publisher ' by Waiter Hurst is cominq out in 

paperback on Seven Arts Press. joey berlin 

1 ■ / 


'■". | 

TO/SCO IN TOWN' — Butterfly Records recen- 

r): Gene Froelich. MCA, Inc. vice president; George Albert president anH giiMstei r- 3 o. 


«»te. Cap/to/ wee pres/den, ofmarleUna n^ C T°' V ' Ce P^identol 
«ces/merchand IS in Q & adverts nanrt , ^ Ca P«°l "ce president 
r. Capitol talent acp u J*n2™&Z%*?T tS "P***™" & v,deo 
Y: Bruce E Garfield. Capitol national h Placer; M,lt Olin. The 

Ken Fritz Management *' d ' reCt0r °' lale "< acquisition: and 

<• Independents 
trtbution Deal 

-ASM Records and the In- 
)rd Syndicate. Inc. (IRS) of 
ned a distribution pact for 
the terms of the pact IRS 

>nd Associated Labels Dis- 

Paul Opens Music 
Business Institute 

'-label umbrella company 
umber of British punk and 
ord companies whose 
v. has been available in the 
l-only basis. Labels whose 
affected are Illegal Rec- 
ade Records. Industrial 
'ward Records Deptford 
■ Fashion Music and the 
3pv Records 
nder the new agreement 
early-Auqust. and will in- 
;i-smqlesandEPs in pj C - 
t>y The Buzzcocks 
Brian James. Fashion. 
3 Throbbinq Gristle 
lanz and The Cramps, 
's. scheduled for August 
''» be "The Singles" by 
"Product Perfect" by 
'ren't Right" by Wazmo 
Rootboy Shm and The 
"Best of AT V" by Alter- 
ve"- by John Cales 

57th St Suite 603. with 
-5587 Los Angeles of- 
il 1416 N LaBrea, with 
-241 1, extension 474 


s Couttolenc. former 
ecords and currently 
"• general of RCA S. A. 
s assumed additional 
'dent of RCA Inter- 

y. Couttolenc will be 
renting rca in cor- 

nal relations matters 
America. He will also 
~ staff and manage- 
velopments and op- 

CA in 1964asdirec- 
- xlco A year later he 
and director general 
)m Pany Couttolenc 
'ed with developing 
nencan market 

NEW YORK -Mert Paul, former vice presi 

CBS hZT?'^ S °^ heas '-n regioTfo" 
r S Recor ds. has opened the Music 
Business Institute in Atlanta. Georq.a 

The Institute plans .0 offer intensive 
three-month instruction programs In 
vanous aspects of the mu S ,c industry , n - 

ZaZo^r Pr0duc,l0n - Promotion, 
retailmq. artist representation and 
coDvnqht .aw Classes are scheduled to 
beqin September 17. ,0 

T he Institute's Board of Advisers still be 

xVc :;,^' curren,,v inc,udes Joe Coh-. 

executive vice president of NARM 
Promoter A.ex Cooley: Tony Dalesandm 
ores,de nt of Ms Djstrjbu £ e a sa "*° c 

Farac. executive vice president of WEA 
Svdney Silverman president of United 
Record and Tape Industries. Inc.; Stan Syn 
der. vice president of Cleveland inter 
national Records: Fred Traub. vice pres 

den, of purchasmq for Record Bar Sco, 
Younq. vice president of retailing £ 
Pickwick Internationa,; and^ran^Moon " 
vice president of marketmq branch dTs 
tnbut.on for CBS Records 

29 J 70 e plT^ S> T 5 ' nSt,,U,e IS loca,e d at 
t Peachtree Road. N W Buckhead 

Towers. Suite 400. Atlanta. Georgia The 
Phone number is 404-231-3303 


ner,Rep„se recording artist Nei, YouZn 
sports -rust-o-.ision- classes at the PO s 
Premiere party for his new film -RusWeve'r 
Sleeps, held at Bundy "Rent-AWrecZZ 
West"™* Calif Shown with Zona is 
Steve Under of KNXT- TV in Los Anpeles 

Johnson Elected To 
MSMA Presidency 

LOS ANGELES - Muscle Shog| 
Studios president Jimmy Johnson has 
been elected president of , he Jusi 
Shoals Music Association for i^ e 9 _^ T C : 
election ,00k p, aC e at the 18-member 
boards July meeting R, ch Hall of Fame 
Studios had been president for the P Z 

SOT T^ MSMA C ° nduCtS mon 
sonqwriter workshops, produces annual 
sonqwriter showcases and sponsors a in- 
ternational producers seminar every year 

Carr Starts Own Firm 

LOS ANGELES - BurJd Carr has formed a 

ussszi « m ,o reprWn < «*°X 

artists Kansas. Heatwave. Henry Gross and 
Ray Gomez. Carr had been wrt n BNB 

by M°,ch el T Pf n '° ,h ' S He Wi " be — S3 
by Michael T. Flynn and Valerie Taylor Of- 

'Good Times' Gold 

certified gold by the RIAA 



Iran who has already banned nlg'SS?^ A \ at0 " ah Kh °™aini, spiritual lea 
has now demanded that musicleTanneT^T^ ^ 8nd most Western m 
spends his time listening to music can no!l ' raman TV and ra d,o "A youtl 

die. cannot." said KhoJalnlK^^J pre, ^^^Ju«i?S; 
'■stening to it and makes their brams in'™** P ' Um ' music a,so stupefies ne 
everybody is attracted to nature, Z it ta es thP ,nVOl ° US Mus ' c ls SnlK 
Mvelihood." The director of the state radio steSn^T ° Ut ° f rea " ,y ,0 a futile and 
during the upcoming holy month and mul ^ Sa ' d music wou| d be banner. 
Ayatollahs comments ' d mUS,C was stl " being broadcast the day aft 


as in Iran, but it has led .0 the cancel™^^'^ Burbank ls not Qu.te as b 
response to Councilman James Rtehm^ 
credible combination of horrors "PaiH Smith h Pt '° n ° f rOCk music f ans as a 

He ve°L C I i,in A q ,he P ' edfle ° f a "e%anc 'foT e f a? ZT * Sta,ement c °"<e™,n 

"eve that ,n America the use of a public a ,l? at " comm ented. "It is hard to 

grounds of the personal few c 1 Z ' P T° rmance can be denied or 

be banned? Does it star, with this llj V c ° unc " m en - Who will be the next or 

droups? Who will determine? This is a danoP ,he " m ° Ve 0n ,0 «*« and e, 

essence of this country. , do not wish to b ffiS ^^T *"* COn,rarv to ^ 

a-tist and allowed to present my worlto whom! any,hmfl except as an Amen, 

am saddened that because of the b%o rv anS n 7' SheS l ° COme and experience 

orm for the people of BurbanI Sl^^^"*"*!*"' ' Wl11 not beablelop 

the Hollywood Palladium d ' PaU ' S fans saw her perform last weekenc 


mmm mmomm^LJ^ll G,id Z Was p]a y>"V ^ San Francisco's Uni 

3«-^. , Square recently when a policed 

1 fePPed the show, pulled Gilder" 2 
and handed him a summons for d 
turbmg the peace. But GHder was un 
pressed by this show of authority 
waited for the cop ,0 leave turned, 
equipment back on and continued I 
Performance . Another overe- 
husiastic law enforcer had the folK • 
he -Jet Records' office in LA. qu te wo, 
ned las. week. It seems that a custo° 
inspector ,n New V rk thoughUh , 
new ELO video featuring the groups 
new angle "Don't Bring Me Down" was 
porn f,,m While Je, staffers worried ha 
he v,deo was lost, customs was ho. : 
ng it for review. After viewing it theloor 
wasqu,ckly forwarded ,0 a ?e„eve d S 

"is battle aqamst alcoholism w.ll be omitted * DVE " T ""ES OF ALICE - Thow' 
side „,ll be , he basis 01 a oew Marl Sfe ^ ""?°°<»"s latest LP -From The Z i 
Alice a regular character -, „eata ¥ e,Tke I To„J '"1 ". a,S0 ,a,kin » ">""' ™° ' «' 
, "°; ' s «"' s « » I've s.epoeo ,„,o one ZiT°? 1° C ° m ' C b0 ° h '' M « A„c : 

As for the cryp„ c title to his new LP Ma t n said th"?!' "^ ^ When ' horded , hem 
tVPes of music you might normaliy hea ^m ' '' tC ° Uld " S,9m,vanalt erna t ,ve.oI 
mat about any,h,nq", .'.The erudi e 'Robert S'°' ^ ^ in,er P r e»a.,on is open 
ers King Crimson and currently in the m.dit n ff.1 dmq ' a ' her °' Bntlsh Proo roc 

U S said that the or,q,nal purpo e oThl LP h S F ° ne - man "^'PPertronics'tour ofthe' 
venues as record stores and hotel 'm was to 0^^" ' *"£ ^ °' SUch M ^ 
(producer/artist Brian) Eno's venture and nnl 5 P ' 0duce ambient' music to suppor 
credibility." Future plans ^/TS^^^^?!^*^^^^^^^ 
Sports and Music for Kitchens" bald! ° Ude ' Music for Places Music fo 

The Kitchen in New York and o,he sis n^ qenerated '^ " Ve Performances a 
taneous performances are a form of S ! m 'n>-tour. Fripp added that h,s soon 

t-veiy so I m able to present wh a ,7d ^ZSS^'' • ' ^ '^^ and ^ n ■" 
P aymq style He also added that he and EnoTrP ron^' S3 ' d Fnpp of hls 'mprowsea 

bnnqs his "Good Or Roc k • Ro f S P3 ' S ,OSh ° W "Pattheda.e dScS 

nightly shows featurinq Bo D d S,e Freddie C^ " 5 *?> fWm Auq 3 " 4 ^ « " 
month to the Hong Kong Cafe Dead K^n h 0°" 3nd ,he Shirelles Com,,, this 
I'ke neqafvity is in ° ead Kenned Y »• Pu ^ Hell, D.O.A., Zeros and X Lookl 

ON THE ROAD - |f|| be 10 , f 
Streisand is plannmq a worldwiriVln S '? Ce , her last "on-benefit concert but Barhr, 

r Bram Tchaikovsky w,„ op ™ ? K£S™ m ° and Wl " ^ on the road until Sep^ 
coming tour . KC and the Sunshine S h rs We f u coast d ates,on the groups up 
week, winding up back home in M am, Sep. b""" t heir ^ ummer ^ hi Canada las, 

w F o e o a d r,e A s u s g % mo v:^ n r mer - ■s*?- p^-STd^ r a y , s SfflK h r 

P-aces Oes Arts in KX^ ■«- g» 000 dul^tlK 2ft 

Looking for a fun, provocative and intelligent 

continued on paoe 391 

Cash Box/Ai 


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. /3^w^ 

and indecision, Richard II believed 
himself omnipotent. He imagined that 
spiders and heavy-gaited toads would 
rise up to strike down Bolingbroke's 
rebellion. What was so hideous 
about his humiliation was the fact that 
the indignities of hunger, politics, and 
death routinely visited upon lesser 
human beings could in turn be visited 
upon the maje sty of a n anointed king. 
So also fthe AmericarP ^ernfy^who 
still believe that they command the 
tides. They cannot bear to blame the 
cost of gasoline on their changed cir- 
cumstances or the shift of the political 
balance in the world, and so they 
blame their own lack of attention. This 
is much more flattering and allows 
them to preserve the illusion that the 
rest of the world plays a supporting 
role in the melodrama of the Ameri- 
can self. 

Arabs, big government, the press 

A nominally egalitarian society sus- 
tains itself by trading in both_the_niar^ 
ket of expectation and ^th eniarket of , 

C blame . ^Politicians and automobile 
Salesmen announce that everybody is 
created free and equal, deserving of 
wealth and redemption. Every citizen 
is a king. Neither the government nor 
the business interests can make good 
on this claim, and none of the propa- 
gandists can come up with a satisfac- 
tory explanation for the unequal 
division of the spoils. If^somany peo- 
ple fa il tqjichie ve their hearis~3esire, 
then to what or~~To— - wh o m un -these_ 
unnatural events be attributed? Who 
cheats so marr y people uut of The life, 
love, and happiness to which they are 
entitled under the terms of the social 
contract? Obviously the fault cannot 
be found 'w ith fh~e in dmdttdl citizen, 
v aNd so it must be found^ clacwhcr ^, 
preferably within the labyrinths of an 
unknown abstraction. President Carter 
blames the American people and dis- 
misses five of his Cabinet secretaries; 
Philip Roth blames his mother and 
writes Portnoy's Complaint. The more 
goods that a man has inherited, the 
larger the number of causes to which 
he can assign the blame. An owner of 
a gas station might castigate the Arabs 
and the oil companies, but a Wall 
Street lawyer, much more discriminat- 
ing and refined, blames the House 
Ways and Means Committee, the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board, and the tax code. 


Punishments inflicted on people to- 
ward whom the speaker feels envy and 
resentment. The political and literary 
classes talk about inflation, disarma- 
ment, and the energy shortage in the 
same way they talked about the toy 
revolutions of the 1960s. They talk at 
prophetic length, but they do nothing 
to forestall what they announce as im- 
minent doom. This allows for two pos- 
sible interpretations. Either they be- 
lieve that the catastrophe really isn't 
going to take place, in which event it 
isn't necessary to construct bomb shel- 
ters or design automobiles with four- 
cylinder engines, or, more probably, 
they look upon the catastrophe as a 
form of revenge. Bankers who make 
speeches about the effects of inflation 
give the impression that they expect to 
be in Barbados when the world ends. 

department stores. Thus the country 
squanders fortunes on quack doctors 
and federal safety regulations. Sooner 
or later a lady with a charge account 
at Bloomingdale's will bring a lawsuit 


A usurper. Over the past twenty 
'years the American bourgeoisie has 
noticed that otherwise profitable or 
patriotic acts have unpleasant or un- 
foreseen consequences. The corpora- 
tions prosper, and the arms merchants 
sell their goods to illiterate tyrants, 
but the whales languish, and somebody 
always gets killed or sent out to sea in a 
boat. This disturbs people who do not 
wish to have anything to do with 
killing, or, to put it more precisely, 
who like to think that any killing done 
Jon their behalf remains safely in the 
past — buried with the glorious dead 
who paid their debts to the future at 
Concord, Gettysburg, Chateau-Thierry, 
and Guadalcanal. 

The resistance to risks of all kinds 
and degrees testifies to the much- 
magnified fear of death. The national 
obsession with health (cf. the princely 
sums spent on jogging and diets as 
well as in the hospitals and research 
laboratories) reflects the refined sen- 
sibility of people grown too delicate 
for the world. 

The prompters of the public alarm 
observe that with enough effort it is 
possible to avoid a specific risk (death 
by asbestos poisoning, say, or lung 
cancer caused by cigarettes), and so 
they go on to assume that with even 
greater and more expensive efforts 
they can escape all risks and death 
itself will be denied credit at the better 

against the sun. 

Public-opinion polls 

They perform the function of oracles 
and Catholic priests. Politicians depend 
on the polls in the same way that 
neurotic patients depend on their psy- 
chiatrists. The politician puts the ques- 
tion "Did I do right? Am I good boy?" 
Having been rigged by the politician's 
pollsters, the statistics offer justifica- 
tion and reassurance. During the Viet- 
nam war President Johnson got into the 
habit of walking around with sheaves 
of polls in his pockets. When he felt 
threatened by self-doubt he would wave 
the papers in the faces of his attendant 
reporters, saying that the polls proved 
that the American people still loved 
him, that they absolved him of the 
killing in Indochina. Soon after Presi- 
dent Carter told his sad story about 
the crisis of confidence in the hearts 
of his countrymen, his office put 
out the news that he had received 
39,000 letters, 77 percent of them 

Oil prices, the Soviet arsenal, 
the laiv's delay 

Conspiracies, or acts of God. It 
never occurs to the heirs of the Ameri- 
can fortune that if they neglect to save 
their money, then the miracle of their 
unearned income must necessarily fade 
and diminish. Nor does it occur to 
them that if they shrug off the burden 
of political power, which entails the 
cost and nuisance of maintaining fleets 
and armies, then they will be unable 
to buy goods in the world market 
below the prices paid by Ecuador. 
They complain about the insensitive 
delay of the bureaucracy in Washing- 
ton, but it never occurs to them that 
the government moves so slowly be- 
cause it has been asked to do so much. 


The reason for all our troubles. Like 
President Carter, the poets of despair 
remain perpetually innocent. Nothing 
is ever their fault. They discover them- 
selves betrayed by circumstance or a 

*0 Wi % 

This Christmas, give your friends 
the "joy of being out of step'' month after month. 

Its said that Albert Einstein 
was unable to talk— or read— at the 
usual age. 

Is it possible that Einstein was 
simply too "polite" to do so? 

Who cannot remember, as a 
child, certain faint pressures to mas- 
querade as a child? 

Who can forget the high school 
teacher who spotted you for what you 
were: an overly polite but emerging 

If you were the first person in 
the world to advance the unwelcome 
notion that the earth was not flat, 
exactly how long would you have 
held out? 

The really odious thing about 
thought control is that it stifles not 
only the innovator but also the in- 
novators audience. Einstein (and his 
audience) were treated to indiffer- 
ence, persecution, scorn and con- 
suming flattery. 

The reason I am bringing all 
this up is not to commiserate over the 
well-known resistance to fresh think- 
ing, but to invite you, and your 
friends, to personally be present at 
the time such thinking is first made 

I am convinced that as a reader 
of this magazine, you have an inter- 
est in fresh, often unpopular, some- 
times painful points of view; and I 
also believe you have the stomach for 

The "joy of being out of step," 
month after month, year after year, is 
precisely what vour friends w ill dis- 
cover in the pages of Harpers 

Since 1850, Harpers (the un- 
fashionable Harper's, that is) has 
been exploring new intellectual and 
moral terrain, wherever that might 
lead. In geo-politics, bio-ethics, liter- 
ature, medicine, economics. 

Harpers satisfies that appetite 
within you to look further, to ques- 
tion, probe, analyze and laugh. 

The attached coupon entitles 
you to send Harpers as a gift for the 
next 12 months for merely $14— and 
each additional gift for only $12. 

I suspect your friends will so 
much enjoy the companionship of 
other minds that are brilliantly "out 
of step" that Harpers will become a 
part of their lives. 

L I 


Gift for 

James A. Alcott 

President and Publisher L 


Gift for 


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s n 


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The battlefield of the 
Since 1850. 




© Harper's Magazine, 1979 


crisis of confidence, by their parents, 
their brokers, and the collision of oil 
is off the coast of Trinidad. They 
fall into error because they have been 
wickedly misled or misinformed, and 
this allows them to feel justifiably sorry 
for themselves. President Carter says 
that when he was a boy in school he 
was taught that the United States had 
never fought an unjust war. His ig- 
norance is the fault of his teachers. 


The last, best hope of people who 
feel themselves superfluous. The other 
day I had a letter from a reader who 
said that everybody had become small. 
This was the trouble with modernism 
and the twentieth century. No matter 
what the form or pretension of govern- 
ments — democratic, totalitarian, oli- 
garchic, revolutionary — the imperatives 
of state reduced people in size. The 
dwindling effect accounted for the ab- 
sence of art and literature. The reader 
chided me for failing to notice that I 
was living among dwarfs. How could 
very small people write large-minded 
books? Even as recently as the nine- 
teenth century, he said, giants still 
bestrode the earth. The educated aris- 
tocracy commissioned works of art 
from Beethoven and Ingres; Tolstoy, 
himself a nobleman and the owner of 
a thousand serfs, conceived of dramas 
on a scale commensurate with his lands 
and estates. But the aristocracies, alas, 
had been dispossessed, and with them 
had vanished all hope of enlightened 
patronage. The tiny victims of the 
modern state, living in tiny tract houses 
and thinking tiny thoughts, could write 
nothing but diaries in which they kept 
notes of their tiny defeats. 

The sense of human possibility ex- 
pands and contracts like the beating 
of the human heart. The nineteenth 
century took pride in the march of 
learning and the advance of the intel- 
lect; the twentieth century shrinks 
from these campaigns because the 
vanguard keeps sending back reports 
of weird monsters and deadly amoebas. 
The exaggerated claims of the early 
1960s give way to exaggerated doubts; 
absurd confidence relapses into absurd 
cowardice. In 1962 everybody had 
power; in 1979 nobody has power. 
The feverish market in stocks, which 
reflects a belief in a limitless future, 
gives way to the feverish market in 

gold, which reflects a belief in immi- 
nent ruin. 

To the extent that men feel them- 
selves small they seek to enlarge the 
notion of themselves as consumers. 
They surround themselves with objects 
and make loud noises at one another 
through the masks of grinning celeb- 
rity; perhaps the spectacle of self will 
confer upon them the sense of large 
identity. In the nineteenth century 
even a rich man could buy relatively 
few things with which to bolster up 
his egotism. He could squander his in- 
heritance on women, gambling, furni- 
ture, and horses. For, his other amuse- 
ments he had recourse to nothing ex- 
cept his ambition and the largeness of 
his mind. In the twentieth century 
small has become beautiful, and so the 
citizen who would be king orders the 
miniatures of greatness from the de- 
partment store catalogue. 


Symbols representing the loss of 
childhood. A civilization either looks 
forward into the future or backward 
into the past. If the political and liter- 
ary classes cannot understand the 
mathematics of a computer or the phys- 
ics of a nuclear reaction, then how 
can they think of the future as any- 
thing but a terrible darkness? Presi- 
dent Carter promises to make the 
world go away, and the leading polit- 
ical theorists of the age suggest that 
governments should be made small, 
more or less along the lines of medie- 
val France or Massachusetts in the 
eighteenth century. 

The dream of Arcadia corresponds 
to the adoration of youth. Nobody 
assumes that age can also signify 
strength. Only the young have power; 
the old cannot play at immortality. 

The dirge of the intellectuals 

As the universities come to depend 
more heavily on the patronage of the 
federal government and the charitable 
^foundations, so also the professors of 
the humanities come to resemble minor 
^cTerics who have been granted livings 
and sees and benefices. They get paid 
to celebrate the mortifications of the 
spirit, and their woeful pronounce- 
ments have the sound of liturgical 

Together with the huge sums dis- 

tributed through the National Endow- 
ments and the Corporation for Public 
Broadcasting, the money given to the 
universities constitutes a donative to 
the upper middle class. The subsidies 
correspond to the welfare payments 
made to the poor. The exegesis of the 
so-called high culture provides sine- 
cures for the younger sons of the capi- 
talist nobility, for the nouveaux 
litteraires, and for the ladies or gentle- 
men too refined for commerce and 

When I listen to academics talk 
about the prospects of social unheaval 
I think of Erwin Chargaff coming 
across a notice posted on a bulletin 
board in a German university during 
the tenure of the Weimar Republic: 
"In case of rain, the revolution will 
take place in the hall." 


All, alas, defunct. The newsmaga- 
zines send reporters to Phoenix and 
Omaha with instructions to look for 
people resembling the gods and heroes 
of ancient Greece. The reporters fail 
to find anybody who fits the descrip- 
tion of Odysseus or who can be seen 
in broad daylight holding a bronze 
shield and spear. 

Because nothing is their fault, and 
because it is always a Gorgon who 
puts them at risk, the poets of despair 
assume that only heroes can restore 
them to a state of solvency and grace. 
If we are weak, so the lamentation 
runs, then somebody else must be 
strong — either the analyst, the polls, 
the Arabs, the government, God, or 
John Connally. The heirs to comforta- 
ble fortunes believe that if they make 
their grief eloquent or obvious enough, 
if they drive cars at 100 m.p.h. and 
make drunken spectacles of themselves 
at debutante dances, then Daddy or 
the family trustee will, at long last, 
take pity on them. This is the story of 
God, but it is also the hope of John 
Connally's campaign for the Presi- 

In New York, people concede that 
Mr. Connally is a man of little or no 
principle, but this, they say, is what is 
wanted in a world inhabited by thieves 
and governed not by principle but by 
force. The only way to deal with des- 
peradoes is to hire a desperado of 
one's own. □ 

harper's/october 1979 


by Lewis H. Lapham 

. . . of comfort no man speak: 
Let's talk of graves, of worms, and 

Make dust our paper, and with 

rainy eyes 
Write sorrow on the bosom of the 

Let's choose executors, and talk of 

wills; . . . 
For God's sake, let us sit upon the 

And tell sad stories of the death 

of kings . . . — Richard I 

Judging BY what I can read df the 
public record, this fall the/Amer- 
ican gentry_ has become en Thrallpd 
wjlh^ h^romance of fai lurelpres- 
ider^Cartey'drags himself around the 
countrynke a dying king in an old 
play, weighed down with grief, blaming 
himself (as well as the oil companies, 
the American people, his Cabinet sec- 
retaries, the Arabs, and the weather) 
for the misfortunes that have befallen 
the Republic. The press plays the part 
of hired mourner, cherishing the 
wounds in the American body politic 
as if they were the stigmata of the 
murdered Christ. Washington colum- 
nists compete with professors of diplo- 
matic history for the honor of deliver- 
ing the funeral oration at the bier of 
Teddy Roosevelt. 

The peasantry in Iowa produce re- 
cord harvests of corn and soybeans, 
but on suburban lawns in California 
and Connecticut the capitalist nobility 
walk solemnly to and fro with glasses 
of iced gin in their hands, gesturing 
vigorously in the direction of the 
yacht club, bemoaning the ruin of the 
currency and worrying about the lack 
of leadership among their public and 
domestic servants. Nothing works any- 
more, they say; the world has gone 

awry. The Russians haye^acquired a 
more impressive collection of weapons 
than the one purchased by the curators 
at the Pentagon; in the Third World, 
ruffians leap and dance; at Burning 
Tree the/caddies have raised their fees. 
The/more I listen to these sorrowful 
recitations the more I think of heirs to 
comfortable fortunes who deligh j^-iw 
je displ ay of their wea kness. The elo- 
quence "of their seli-pity~ sometimes 
makes it difficult to know what, in fact, 
they mean to say. The lamentation is 
likely to persist and wax more piteous 
during the next twelve months of the 
Presidential campaigns, and for the 
convenience of readers who might not 
be familiar with the poetry of sweet 

yoked together by a frayed ideology. 
For the past eighty years a ll the be sj^ 
peoplehave complained of neuroiic~ 
disorders. The doctrines of modernism 
substitute art for religion, and the lives 
of the saints (Joyce, Pound, Van Gogh, 
et alii) demonstrate the relation be- 
tween neurosis and genius. The ac- 
knowledgement of weakness therefore 
becomes a proof of spiritual refine- 
ment, something comparable to a house 
on the beach at East Hampton or a 
feather boa bought at an auction on 
behalf of public television. The neu- 
rosis distinguishes its possessor from 
the anonymous crowd of stolid and ca- 
pable citizens who endure their lives 
with a minimum of self-dramatization. 

despair, I offer a few translation s from — ^Who pays attention to people who 

the original tear-stained texts. 

Failure of nerve, crisis of confidence, 
loss of will. 


Phrases of flatte 



matter how se- 

e conversation re- 

mains fixed on the subject of supreme 
interest and importance. 

The American press never asks, 
"How do the Germans and the Japa- 
nese manage their economies? What 
can we learn from their example?" 
Such questions would distract the at- 
tention from the American self. Dur- 
ing the present debate on the Strategic 
Arms Limitation Treaty nobody men- 
tions the difficulties confronting the 
Soviet Union — its prisons, its dwii 
dling oil reserves and inadequate pre 
duction of wheat, the unhappiness of 
its citizens and the chance of nation- 
alist uprising among the many peoples 
Lewis H. Lapham is the editor of Harper's. 

don't make piteous cries? Who wants 
to pay $100,000 for the movie rights 
to their chronicles of marriage and 
divorce? Who bothers to take their 
photograph for Vogue? 

It is the fear of not being noticed 
that prompts so many people (among 
them President Carter) to make so 
fatuous a show of their defects. Mr. 
Carter puts his whole heart into prov- 
ing himself weak and effeminate, and 
by so doing he seeks to make himself 
charming. His weeping confessions as- 
pire to the romance of fan magazines. 
Like the frequently divorced lady met 
in a bar at Palm Beach, who whispers 
the nrr rr t" n f b rr ~rl f i i ulnlj mi .n ii l 
rer depravity as if these confidences 
enfolded her in the cloak of the Queen 
of the Night, Mr. Carter imagines h4nv 
self so g lorious that_anyfKing~ 
p airs his perfection musF T)e~~f i 

as monstrous. 

Even when he had been deprived of 
his kingdom, which he had let fall into 
disorder by reason of his extravagance 

and upheaval. It's no wonder that 
some people like Lasch and Peter 
Marin who perceive change so nar- 
rowly become hysterical or unhinged 
at the prospects. But to pin so much 
negativity upon "narcissism" when, in 
fact, it may be one of the saving 
graces of our century (Zweig referred 
to Narcissus as a "tutelary god") is 
just too truncated and unbalanced 
a view. 

Sol Kort 

Centre for Continuing Education 

The University of British Columbia 

Vancouver, Canada 

Babes at arms 

I think Alexander Theroux, for all 
his experience of candy ["Matters of 
Taste," August], doesn't realize that 
Red Hots and Necco Wafers were 
never intended to be eaten. (Their 
flavor underscores this.) They are 
ammunition, perfectly weighted and 
shaped for tossing across classrooms 
while teachers write on chalkboards 
or step outside for a smoke. It is im- 

possible to ignore being hit by a Red 
Hot, as I or any number of my fel- 
lows-in-arms can attest. 

This materiel is sold as candy be- 
cause sugar is cheap (so the muni- 
tions-makers prosper handsomely). 
Also, few school boards are enlight- 
ened enough to allow ammunition dis- 
pensers on campus if marketed as 

If the candy-makers' role in student 
warfare distresses you, however, I 
might note that a friend of my sister 
used Neccos to rehearse for her First 
Communion, the wafers being of sim- 
ilar size. 

Dale Nelson 
Seaside, Oreg. 

Never say die 

The article by Ed Zuckerman, "Hid- 
ing From the Bomb — Again" [Au- 
gust], would have us give up, which 
is precisely what our adversaries want 
us to do. 

Mr. Zuckerman quotes Paul Warnke 
as saying that "No rational leadership 

could subject its country to the un- 
exampled devastation that would be 
punishment for the monstrous crime 
of initiating a strategic nuclear war." 
Was Khrushchev rational when he 
sent his warships toward our shores 
during the Cuban crisis? He reversed 
only because we stood up to him. We 
do not live in a rational world, so lead- 
ership often acts without reason. And 
nuclear terrorism is a new threat. 

We who believe in the defense of 
our nation and who work in civil de- 
fense are neither hawks nor doves. 
We know the hazards of radiation 
from whatever cause; and most of all 
we believe in defending ourselves and 
others who, without love of country, 
in spite of belittling and trying to 
destroy, would be trying to save them- 
selves and their families in the face 
of threat, just as Mr. Zuckerman 

Dorothy Merriam 

County Director/Coordinator 

Municipal Civil Defense 

and Disaster Services 

Primghar, Iowa 

harper's/october 1979 

AUGUST 6. 19"0 

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Who Are the Nation's Leaders Today? 

Time asked a variety of historians, 
writers, businessmen and others in public 
life. "What living American leaders have 
been most effective in changing things for 
the better?" Reflecting the continuing 
problem of leadership in the White House, 
no one named Gerald Ford, Richard Nix- 
on or Jimmy Carter. The great diversity of 
the people chosen mirrors the fragmenta- 
tion of American society, one of the prob- 
lems for leaders. The nominees ranged 
from relatively predictable to almost 

WILLIAM BUCKLEY, conservative colum- 
nist and editor (National Review): There's 
no one that I know of who has the po- 
tential grip on the imagination of the 
American people that would be conclu- 
sive enough to cause everybody to say 
"there is a leader" in the sense, for in- 
stance, that F.D.R. was, like him or loathe 
him. There is no American leader of any- 
thing like the stature or potential influ- 
ence of Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Now 
there are a lot of mini-leaders. Irving 
Kristol is the acknowledged godfather of 
the [neoconservative] movement. But he 
probably couldn't persuade a Boy Scout 
troop to make a right turn, even if you 
gave him quadraphonic sound. So in that 
sense he's not a leader at all. 

JAMES MacGREGOR BURNS, historian (Wil- 
liams College): Very few widely known 
living Americans meet my rather exact- 
ing criteria of leaders who transform. 
John Sawyer was such a leader as pres- 
ident of Williams College during the 
1 960s, when he led the college in achiev- 
ing badly needed social and educational 
reforms. Nationally, Cesar Chavez may 
be such a leader today. 

KENNETH CLARK, educator: There are no 
transcendent leaders, but on a lower lev- 
el there is Gloria Steinem, an articulate 

and thoughtful representative of the wom- 
en's movement. Andy Young has stirred 
up controversy; if you're not getting into 
trouble, you're not breaking new ground 
or asking people to rethink old notions. 

(Amherst College): Linus Pauling has pro- 
vided leadership in an almost 18th 
century fashion by combining great dis- 
tinction in scientific inquiry and in the 
moral arena. The second figure who has 
steadily, over a long and distinguished 
career, held up to our people a spectacle 
of greatness is Archibald MacLeish. He 
has inspired generations of Americans 
to a love of literature and of philosophy. 

LEE A. DuBRIDGE, former president of Cal- 
tech: Carl Sagan has an influence on sci- 
ence far beyond the television tube. He is 
introducing people to the many aspects 
of science. Frank Press (scientific adviser 
to Carter) has persuaded the President of 
the importance of basic research, devel- 
oped some of the technical aspects of SALT 
n, and remains an important link in ex- 
plaining the treaty to the scientific com- 
munity. Bruce Murray, director of the Jet 
Propulsion Lab, reflects and influences 
the objectives and hopes of the entire sci- 
entific community. 

FRANCES FITZGERALD, writer (Fire in the 
Lake): Barry Commoner, Ralph Nader 
and Cesar Chavez are possibilities. Na- 
der and Chavez are leaders on a grand 
scale. Their thinking is original and they 
have the ability to make things happen. 
It is characteristic of American society 
today that the antiwar movement, wom- 
en's movement, antinukes have a collec- 
tive leadership. 

JOHN HOPE FRANKLIN, historian: We are 
too much inclined to view history from 
the standpoint of great men. This I think 

is a dangerous exercise. Blacks, in par- 
ticular, have been caught up in what I 
call the Booker T. Washington syndrome, 
the idea that there is someone who speaks 
for the black man. 

DOUGLAS FRASER, U.A.W. president: I 
can't think of any leaders. Isn't this sad? 
God, that's what's wrong with this coun- 
try! That's exactly what's wrong. 

J. WILLIAM FULBRIGHT, former Senator: 
Anybody who takes issue with the gov- 
ernment of Israel is taking his life in 
his own hands. The one man who has 
done this and written very well is 
George Ball. He has advocated an eq- 
uitable or balanced policy toward Israel 
and her neighbors that I think is very 

health care, on industrial concentration, 
on foreign policy, arms control and ref- 
ugee matters, I don't think anyone strikes 
as many sparks and brings along as many 
people as Edward Kennedy. 

JAMES GAVIN, retired Army general and 
executive: I just can't find any outstand- 
ing leaders. Connally, but there's the milk 
scandal. Kennedy, but there's Chappa- 
quiddick. The academic and business 
worlds are limited in their views. David 
Rockefeller is really good but strictly nar- 
row in the application of his skills. There's 
George Ball, who has shown great ver- 
satility, but he doesn't have national 

BILLY GRAHAM, evangelist: I believe that 
the living American leaders who contin- 
ue, year after year, to do the most to 
change things for the better are the count- 
less mothers and fathers who have com- 
mitted themselves to love and to train the 
next generation. 

Henry Kissinger 

Ralph Nader 

Andrew Young 

Daniel Patrick Moynihan 

TIME, AUGUST 6, 1979 



HOWARD JARVIS, tax-revolt crusader: Al- 
exander Haig, for his understanding of So- 
viet and European military capabilities; 
William Clements the new Governor of 
Texas, for his program to try to rebuild 
free enterprise in his state; William Si- 
mon for his important book, A Time for 
Truth; and Comedian George Burns,, who 
at 83 is proving that all of the sugar in 
life is in the bottom of the cup. 

CORETTA SCOTT KING, civil rights activ- 
ist: In terms of impacting the crucial for- 
eign policy issues we face, I believe An- 
drew Young deserves special recognition. 
For the first time in American history, 
the people of the developing nations have 
a highly committed spokesman to repre- 
sent their interests to the President and 
the American people. 

IRVING KRISTOL, neoconservative writer: 
There's no question that Henry Kissinger 
elevated the discussion of American for- 
eign policy. There aren't many individuals 
— George Kennan in his prime was one 
— who apply mind to foreign policy as 
against just opinion, and Kissinger is cer- 
tainly one. 

LOUIS MASOTTI, political scientist 
(Northwestern): Ralph Nader. Recalls, 
product guarantees, truth in packaging, 
truth in lending, almost all these things 
were a spillover of the challenge of this 
one person. Another is Barry Commoner. 
He has raised our consciousness about 
the environment and ecological system. 
I might have chosen Jerry Brown, if he 
had turned out to be more consistent 
and positive. 

DAVID RIESMAN, sociologist: Richard Ly- 
man of Stanford University is one of the 
few college presidents who is a real lead- 
er. He had the courage to fire a radical 
professor at the cost of dividing his fac- 
ulty. Dan Evans was an inventive Gov- 
ernor of Washington. He developed an 
independent vista program. Terry San- 
ford [former Governor of North Caroli- 


na] is really a great leader. He developed 
projects for multiracial groups that influ- 
enced the educational programs of Lyn- 
don Johnson's Great Society. 

DAVID ROCKEFELLER, chairman of the 
Chase Manhattan Bank: John McCloy 
[lawyer and banker] and Henry Kissinger 
for their leadership in world affairs; An- 
drew Wyeth for his leadership in bring- 
ing the arts to a wider public; Rockefel- 
ler University President and Nobel 
Winner Joshua Lederberg for his lead- 
ership in the scientific community; Gen- 
eral Electric's Reginald Jones for his busi- 
ness leadership; and Patrick Haggerty 
[general director of Texas Instruments] 
for his business leadership and his role in 
helping maintain America's technological 

ARTHUR SCHLESINGER JR., historian (City 
University of New York): I don't see 
around the kind of people who constitut- 
ed leadership when I was younger. Ev- 
erything looked better when people like 
Franklin Roosevelt, Reinhold Niebuhr 
and the like were alive. 

GLORIA STEINEM, editor and feminist or- 
ganizer: Bella Abzug and Andrew Young 
are the only two leaders of our time who 
have successfully transposed social move- 
ments into the electoral system. Cesar 
Chavez and Carolyn Reed [director of the 
National Committee on Household Em- 
ployment] have redefined work and taken 
forward the movement to organize the 
lowest, least paid in the working force. 
And John Kenneth Galbraith is almost 
the only link between economic knowl- 
edge and the public. 

EDWARD TELLER, scientist: Biologist Nor- 
man Borlaug, who with his colleagues de- 
veloped a strain of wheat that is helping 
to feed the world. The most important 
man who brought refugees to this coun- 
try, from Hungarians to Indochinese, is 
Leo Cherne, executive director of the Re- 

search Institute of America. Dixy Lee 
Ray, the Governor of Washington, is a 
politician and a scientist who pulled the 
Atomic Energy Commission out of a deep 
mire by reorganizing the agency. She 
made many enemies, and had no support, 
but became the Governor of a state. 

THEODORE WHITE, author: Senator Pat 
Moynihan in the sense that he led an in- 
ternal revolt against the dominant, the lib- 
eral tradition of the U.S. And Ralph 
Nader is a leader. He called the corpo- 
rations to account. Ben Bradlee has been 
the supreme iconoclast of American jour- 
nalists. He'd expose his own mother. He 
and Abe Rosenthal [executive editor of 
the New York Times] changed the course 
of American journalism. I'd also add CBS 
Producer Don Hewitt (60 Minutes) be- 
cause he made reality exciting. 

president: I think the country is crazy for 
a leader. That's the problem with the lit- 
tle fink we've got for a President now. It 
is still possible to call [afl-cio boss] 
George Meany a leader, but I happen to 
think he epitomizes negative leadership, 
characterized by inaction, immobility and 
stultified thinking. To me, Ted Kennedy 
has the skills to be a leader. He's charm- 
ing; his staff has brains. Cleveland Mayor 
Dennis Kucinich took on the utility com- 
pany and the interlocking directorates. 
He told them baloney. So far no one has 
proved him wrong. Ralph Nader takes 
on issues intelligently and honestly. 

HOWARD ZINN, historian: One of my crit- 
icisms of history, culture and education 
in the U.S. is the heavy emphasis on lead- 
ers and the lack of emphasis on social 
movements. But if I were to pick one or 
two who have had some impact on our 
society it would be people like Dick 
Gregory. He could have had a com- 
fortable career as a comedian but he 
has shown a willingness to sacrifice him- 
self in his fight on racism, war, the nu- 
clear questions. ■ 

Archibald MacLeish 

Gloria Steinem 

Cesar Chavez 

John Kenneth Galbraith 


TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 



Onward and Upward 

A week after he appeared on Time's 
list of 200. M.I.T. Microbiologist David 
Baltimore was back in the news. In an act 
of bold leadership, he called on fellow sci- 
entists to examine the potential "biohaz- 
ards" of genetic research. He was one of 
the prominent signers of a published let- 
ter in which DNA researchers pledged to 
halt certain types of experiments that 
might create novel and dangerous micro- 
organisms or cancer-causing viruses. The 
scientists asked others around the world to 
join them in "voluntarily deferring" the 
dangerous work on recombinant DNA. 
The letter caused an uproar — scientists 
fear any limitation on their freedom of ac- 
tion — but it led to the establishment of 
guidelines for such experiments by the 
National Institutes of Health. 

A year after the letter, Baltimore was 
thrust into even greater prominence: he 
won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Medicine. 
The prize, shared with two others, was for 
the discovery that a cancer-causing virus 
had an enzyme able to reverse the normal 
pathway of information flow in all other 
biological systems. The discovery helped 
the study of whether viruses play a role in 
causing human cancer. 

Baltimore, who is married to a micro- 
biologist, spends most of his working 
hours engaged in basic research. He also 
serves on the national committee that 
oversees guidelines for recombinant DNA 
research and advises the director of the 
nih. Although he has expressed his fear of 
conducting genetic experiments without 
ironclad safeguards, he does not want 
them curbed by badly drawn government 
regulations. When the Cambridge city 
council considered banning certain re- 
combinant DNA experiments at M.I.T. 
and Harvard, he spoke in protest. 

Says he: "My life is dedicated to in- 
creasing knowledge. We need no more 
justification for scientific research than 
that. My motivating force is not that I 
will find a 'cure' for cancer. There may 
never be a cure as such. I work because I 
want to understand." 

David Baltimore 

John Sawhill 

Back to School 

When John Sawhill was profiled five 
years ago, he had already made a career 
switch from the business world, where he 
was a $100,000-a-year senior vice pres- 
ident of the Commercial Credit Co., to 
the Federal Government. He took a $60,- 
000 salary cut in 1973 to become an as- 
sociate director of the Office of Manage- 
ment and Budget. Within a year, he was 
head of the Federal Energy Office, fore- 
runner of the Department of Energy. 

Sawhill proposed then radical meth- 
ods of cutting fuel consumption, like set- 
ting thermostats at 78° F in the summer. 
Bicycling to a Face the Nation interview 
was one of the ways he dramatized the 
need for conservation. He also advocated 
a 100- to 300-per-gal. increase in the gas- 
oline tax to cut consumption. The move 
displeased President Ford, who encour- 
aged him to resign in 1974. 

The next year Sawhill switched ca- 
reers again, becoming president of New 
York University, where he had earned a 
Ph.D. in economics. When Sawhill ar- 
rived, the nation's largest private univer- 
sity was in financial trouble. Sawhill has 
so far raised more than $50 million, 
slashed budgets, restructured the universi- 
ty's investments and managed to erase the 
projected $9 million budget deficit he in- 
herited. He is now working to improve the 
quality of undergraduate education, and, 
as an example of how the university 
should concentrate its resources, is 
strengthening its research and teaching 
programs in cell biology. Sawhill also likes 
to pull on an old sweatshirt and jog around 
the N.Y.U. campus, stopping occasionally 
to pick up trash. 

Sawhill was one of the leaders invited 
to Camp David for the series of conferenc- 
es to discuss energy and Carter's leader- 
ship problems. The starting point of lead- 
ership in any area, Sawhill says, "is to set 
priority goals — a few, a very few, over- 
arching goals — that cover many of the 
competing and conflicting issues. That's 
the only way to gain a consensus." 

The Fall of Troy 

He was a tough, burly, street-smart 
politician, with a promising future and a 
flair for the spectacular. When New York 
City Mayor John V. Lindsay ordered the 
flag atop city hall lowered as a gesture of 
protest against the Viet Nam War, Mat- 
thew J. Troy Jr. appeared on the roof, coat 
flapping in the breeze, and put the flag 
back up. Said he: "That's where it 

Troy was also the master of the 
smoke-filled back room. Not only was he 
a New York City councilman, but he was 
Democratic leader of the huge borough 
of Queens (pop. 1.9 million). What top- 
pled Troy was a matter of finances — the 
city's and his own. 

As head of the council finance com- 
mittee, Troy challenged Mayor Abe 
Beame's proposed budget. The mayor 
counterattacked by ousting him from his 
party post in Queens. On the same day. 
Sept. 19, 1974, federal investigators paid 
Troy a call, bringing along a request for 
his tax records. He was subsequently 
charged with, and pleaded guilty to, fil- 
ing false income tax returns and with- 
drawing money from estates he managed 
as an attorney. 

Troy spent two months in jail while 
retaining his council seat. But the voters 
of Queens, who once backed him by mar- 
gins as high as 3-1, ended his grip on pol- 
itics at the next election. Looking back, 
Troy feels the ordeal did have one ben- 
efit. "The family [including nine children] 
kept together with all the trouble. Of 
course, I am sorry for the embarrassment 
it caused them. My son has the same name 
— he'll have to live it down — and he wants 
to be a lawyer. I have a feeling he wants 
to vindicate everything." 

As executive director of the Long Is- 
land Gasoline Retailers Association, Troy 
finds himself in the middle of another 
minefield. He professes to like his pre- 
sent work. "I don't have to run for re-elec- 
tion," he says. "I enjoy it more than pol- 
itics. In politics, you're always at the 
mercy of the people. " ■ 

Matthew Troy 

TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 




50 Faces for America's Future 

It has become an almost universal complaint that the 
tribe of leaders has died out. That is true in one sense: 
those Olympian figures who dominated earlier decades of 
the century are gone. But leadership has not vanished; its 
character has changed. So have the styles and opportu- 
nities of leaders, along with the perspectives, needs and 
expectations of the led. 

Despite new hazards and constraints, there is no short- 
age of talent; leaders are continuing to emerge across the U.S. 
Here and on the following pages, Time identifies some of 
them. The 200 young leaders of five years ago were all 45 
years old or younger. This time the age limit remains the 
same. But only 50 leaders were sought, not because of a di- 
minished pool of talent but because many of the previous 200 
would once again qualify — they still have not reached 45. 

In May, Time correspondents and editors began gath- 
ering suggestions from Congressmen, religious leaders, ed- 
ucators, politicians and prominent citizens in every part of 
the nation. Time tried especially to find leaders on the local 
and regional levels. As North Carolina Governor James B. 
Hunt remarked: "I think we've got the attitude in this coun- 
try that Government has to do everything for people. My 
whole approach is 'Let's try to do it for ourselves on the 
local level.' " The magazine sought figures of integrity who 
have exerted a significant social or civic impact, regardless 
of politics or ideology. Boston College President J. Donald 

Monan expressed an instructive distinction: "Most of the 
leaders I am acquainted with are not technicians. They have 
large souls and a sense of values." 

Time's portfolio of promise is more a sampler of out- 
standing leadership than an effort to pick the 50 who ob- 
viously and definitively lead all the rest. There were too 
many excellent candidates to make any such specific claim; 
inevitably, the choices were in part subjective. Some of 
the 50 were picked more for potential than for present 
accomplishments; they are just starting out, but Time's 
editors liked where they are heading. The list does not 
include many outstanding Americans who lead in the 
arts. The visionary architect, the composer, the actor, for 
example, may all make distinguished contributions to the 
quality of American fife. But Time was looking for people 
whose effect upon the society was — and will be — more 
tangible and direct. 

Our search found a diverse and exciting group: edu- 
cators, politicians, administrators, scientists. More than 
half are only in their 30s — which is an encouraging sign. 
The list shows how times have changed; women and mi- 
norities are better represented than they were five years 
ago. All those on the list share one characteristic, the 
sense of boldness that remains the prime prerequisite for 
leadership in any era. 

Herewith, Time presents 50 faces for the future. 

1. David Aaron, 39. At the first meeting 
of the U.S. and U.S.S.R. salt negotiators near- 
ly ten years ago in Helsinki, the atmosphere 
was frosty until a U.S. representative impul- 
sively struck a match to light a cigarette for a 
Soviet negotiator. The tension eased, and Aar- 
on, then a junior aide, has been making sparks 
ever since. Now, as deputy to National Se- 
curity Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski, he exer- 
cises powerful influence in the White House. 
A moderate on U.S.-Soviet affairs, he is one 
of the top American experts on arms control, 
and has played a key role in the salt ii ne- 
gotiations. After graduating from Princeton 
University. Aaron became a State Department 
officer and later was a protege of then Sen- 
ator Walter Mondale. Says Aaron: "I chose 
government because 1 felt it offered the most 
opportunity to participate in history." 

2. William M. Agee, 41, wasted little time 
imposing his style of leadership on the giant 
Bendix Corp. (1978 sales: $3.6 billion). Short- 

ly after he succeeded Michael Blumenthal as 
chairman and chief executive officer in 1977, 
Agee began instituting his theories of "par- 
ticipatory management." He expanded the top 
decision-making group, encouraged free- 
wheeling discussions on corporate objectives, 
and sought to loosen the hierarchy with a se- 
ries of gambits: opening up the executive din- 
ing room, tossing the intimidating teak table 
out of the conference room and abolishing the 
pecking order in the parking lot. Born in Boi- 
se, Agee attended the University of Idaho, and 
was at first turned down before being admit- 
ted by the Harvard Business School. He signed 
on with Boise Cascade, rose to become chief 
financial officer, and then joined Bendix in 
1972 at the age of 34. He believes in young 
leaders. Says he: "I think a person my age 
can be a constructive agent of change." 

3. Dr. Joseph C. Avellone, 30, is on 

the threshold of a promising career in a brand- 
new field: helping, he says, "to bridge the gap 

between those who make health policy and 
those who practice medicine. The decision 
makers don't know enough medicine, and the 
medical profession doesn't know enough eco- 
nomics and management." A surgeon, Avel- 
lone interrupted his medical studies to get a 
master's degree in public administration from 
Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. 
Last year he wrote a report, published in the 
prestigious New England Journal of Medicine. 
that analyzed how a probe by the Federal 
Trade Commission would hamper the med- 
ical profession's power to set standards and to 
pass on a doctor's qualifications. Now prac- 
ticing in New Hampshire, where he is also 
planning a study of the state's system for han- 
dling trauma victims, Avellone hopes even- 
tually to work as a policymaker for federal 
health programs. Says Boston's noted surgeon 
Francis D. Moore: "Avellone is a pioneer." 

4. Marion S. Barry Jr., 43, the mayor of 
Washington, DC, holds the highest elected 
post attained by any of the black activists of 
the turbulent '60s. Son of a Mississippi share- 
cropper, Barry abandoned work on a doctor- 
ate in chemistry at the University of Tennes- 
see to join the civil rights movement. As the 
first national chairman of the Student Non- Vi- 
olent Coordinating Committee, he was often 
jailed for taking part in protests. In Wash- 
ington. DC. he founded Pride, Inc., a job- 
training organization for young people, and 
turned into a skillful politician working as a 
member of the city council and chairman of 
the school board. The city's black and white 
middle class swept the former militant into 
the mayor's office last year. Barry admits his 
role has changed with the times. "I always 
knew it was better to make policy than to in- 


T1ML. AUGUST 6. 1979 

fluence policy." he says. "I think integrity is 
the most important quality for a leader. Peo- 
ple have to believe you won't sell them out." 

5. Mikhail Baryshnikov, 31, is a man of 

grands jetes. His first leap was his 1974 de- 
fection from Leningrad's Kirov Ballet to the 
American Ballet Theater. Baryshnikov, who 
is becoming a U.S. citizen, is a classical danc- 
er of genius. He performed more than 26 roles 
with the A.B.T. and choreographed two suc- 
cessful productions of The Nutcracker and Don 
Quixote. He soared as ballet's sexy superstar 
when he won an Oscar nomination for his role 
in the movie The Turning Point. In 1978 Ba- 
ryshnikov joined George Balanchine's New 
York City Ballet, a company that emphasizes 
its ensemble, not its stars. But in 1980 he will 
jump again, returning to the A.B.T. as its ar- 
tistic director and leading dancer. Baryshnikov 
is expected to inject new energy and chore- 
ography into the company. Says A.B.T. Ex- 
ecutive Director Herman Krawitz: "He has 
the mind of a leader in an intellectual and po- 
etic sense, and he also has a long-range cor- 
porate understanding." 

6. Carol Bellamy, 37. Colleagues joke 
that she has never had an anxiety attack, 
and, indeed. Bellamy has brought calm self- 
confidence, efficiency and integrity to every 
job she has tackled, from three terms as a 
New York Democratic state senator to her 
present position as president of the New York 
City Council. Bellamy has taken a rather 
insignificant office and turned it into a po- 
sition of substance by directing investigations 
of citizen complaints about utility costs, san- 
itation services and real estate abuses. In her 
collateral position on the city's main budget- 
making body, the Board of Estimate, she 
has pressed Mayor Edward Koch for deeper 
cuts and even wrested precise figures from 
his office by filing for them under a freedom- 
of-information law. Born in New Jersey and 
educated at Gettysburg College and New York 
University Law School, Bellamy seems to 
have her sights set on the Governor's man- 
sion in Albany, where the incumbent is a 
fan of hers. Says Governor Hugh Carey: "She 
improves daily." 

7. Mary Frances Berry, 41, hews As- 
sistant Secretary for Education and acting 
commissioner of education, is a champion of 
educational opportunity for what she calls the 
"underserved." Berry fought Carter's budget 
cutters this year and got a $263 million in- 
crease in funds for the disadvantaged, includ- 
ing $15 million in fellowships for members of 
minorities and women who want to go to grad- 
uate school. Born in Nashville and a graduate 

of Howard University, Berry holds both a 
Ph.D. in history and a law degree from the 
University of Michigan. She has written sev- 
eral books on the Constitution and civil rights 
law. Formerly chancellor of the University of 
Colorado, the highest major university post 
ever held by a black woman, Berry is a can- 
didate for a top job if Congress creates a De- 
partment of Education. Known for her acces- 
sibility, Berry says: "The various publics who 
have an interest in what you're doing have a 
right to tell you how they feel about it." 

8. David L. Boren, 38, was the youngest 
Governor in Oklahoma's history (33) and the 
youngest Senator (37). The industrious, chub- 
by Democrat is already impressing his col- 
leagues as what he calls a "maverick conser- 
vative," backing tax cuts and proposing 
streamlined reforms of the regulatory agen- 
cies, welfare and health care. Son of a Con- 
gressman from Oklahoma, Boren graduated 
from Yale and went to Oxford as a Rhodes 
scholar before getting his law degree from the 
University of Oklahoma. He has a knack for 
country-style campaigning: while running for 
Governor, he flourished a broom, vowing to 
sweep the "Old Guard" out of state govern- 
ment. He also spurned campaign contributions 
from organizations. An early Carter backer, 
Boren, who is also a born-again Christian, has 
since become disillusioned with the President's 
energy policies; the Senator from the oil state 
would like to deregulate gasoline prices and is 
strongly opposed to the Administration's 
windfall profits tax proposal. But the single 
most important problem that the country fac- 
es, cautions Boren, "is overregulation and the 
fact that the regulators have no accountability 
to the American public." 

9. Leon Botstein, 32, is one of the na- 
tion's most forceful advocates of an often ne- 
glected cause: the small liberal arts college. 
Although he attended the University of Chi- 
cago and Harvard, Botstein believes that in 
an increasingly complex world the traditional 
college can provide a vital educational func- 
tion quite different from that of large, research- 
oriented universities. He has buttressed his ar- 
gument with an impressive performance. In 
1970, at the age of 23, he became one of the 
youngest college presidents in American his- 
tory when he took over and briefly revived 
New Hampshire's failing and nonaccredited 
Franconia College. At 28, Botstein. the son of 
two Polish refugee doctors, became president 
of Bard College in New York's Hudson Val- 
ley. In addition to expanding the curriculum, 

Botstein intends to turn Bard into a valley cul- 
tural center. An accomplished violinist, Bot- 
stein has occasionally been invited to conduct 
the Hudson Valley Philharmonic. 

10. Arvin Brown, 39, was fresh out of the 
Yale University School of Drama and just 24 
in 1965 when he helped start the Long Wharf 
Theater in a converted warehouse in New Ha- 
ven, Conn. Becoming artistic director in 1967. 
he set about making the Long Wharf one of 
the best and boldest regional theaters in the na- 
tion. Broadway dares not take many chances, 
but Brown does, and the result is a series of 
plays staged first in New Haven and then mov- 
ing on to New York: The Changing Room. 
Streamers, The Shadow Box, The Gin Game 
and a revival of Ah, Wilderness! Brown, who 
has already branched out into television and 
is planning to go into movies, is not talking 
idly when he says: "We've become equally pro- 
ficient with Broadway in overall quality." A 
year ago the Long Wharf won a Tony Award 
for its "extraordinarily high level of perfor- 
mance and aspiration." 

11. J. Hyatt Brown, 42. While he plot- 
ted the coup that would make him speaker of 
the Florida house of representatives, Brown 
kept a clipping of the Israeli lightning raid on 
Entebbe pinned to his office wall to remind 
him of the value of surprise. Surprise he did. 
While the incumbent speaker and supporters 
were feasting at a dinner. Brown's cohorts, 
known as "the dirty dozen," collected legis- 
lators' signatures on a petition that changed 
the house's voting rules and enabled Brown 
to call for an immediate vote that gave him 
the gavel. Since then the Republican, a for- 
mer insurance salesman from Daytona Beach, 
has reformed the ramshackle procedures of the 
house, cut school taxes and held down prop- 

TTME. AUGUST 6, 1979 



erty taxes. Brown, who stands for efficiency 
and economy in government, is a likely con- 
tender for Governor or U.S. Senator in the 
early 1980s. 

12. Jane M. Byrne, 45, shocked Chi- 
cago when she defeated Mayor Michael Bi- 
landic and the Democratic machine in a 
primary and then went on last April to be- 
come mayor of the city where she had been 
born and raised. A protegee of late Mayor 
Richard Daley, Byrne had spent ten years 
as Chicago's commissioner of consumer sales 
and served one year as co-chairman of the 
powerful Cook County Democratic Central 
Committee. She is a scrappy reformer who 
is out to rechannel the Democratic machine's 
energies into delivering services for Chicago's 
neglected neighborhoods, especially for the 
blacks and latinos who supported her. Her 
tough stand in suspending city supervisors 
who fail to show up for work has pleased tax- 
payers and set the city bureaucracy on ner- 
vous edge. Yet her use of patronage powers 
in appointing people of unquestioned loyalty 
— while firing holdovers from the previous 
administration — has made her the target of 
criticism. Says Byrne: "I dedicate this ad- 
ministration to bringing a new renaissance 
of neighborhood life and community spirit." 

13. Joan B. Claybrook, 42, spent seven 
years as a Nader Raider before Carter put her 
into the driver's seat of the National High- 
way Traffic Safety Administration. During the 
past two years, she has ordered a record 15.6 
million automobiles recalled for safety checks 
and changes. Her biggest victory: forcing Fire- 
stone to take back 8.7 million "500" radial 
tires, a move that so far has cost the company 
$147 million. She has also established tough 
fuel economy standards (27 m.p.g. by 1984) 
and stuck to them despite protests from man- 
ufacturers. Some of her former consumer- 
rights colleagues claim Claybrook was too le- 
nient in postponing the deadline for airbags; 
Ralph Nader has called her an "accommo- 
dator" and demanded her resignation. Detroit 
wants her to go for other reasons: the George- 
town-trained lawyer is known in the industry 
as the Dragon Lady. Says Claybrook: "I think 
that having critics is just a part of accomplish- 
ing something. It is also part of democracy." 

14. William J. Clinton, 32, is sometimes 
lampooned in political cartoons in Arkansas 
as a brat furiously pedaling a tricycle. No one, 
however, can deny that the nation's youngest 
Governor is making progress on an uphill path. 
Instead of cutting taxes, like everyone else. 


Democrat Clinton persuaded the assembly to 
raise them by $47 million. With the funds, 
Clinton will give the public schools their larg- 
est rise in state aid in history (20%), increase 
teachers' salaries (now among the nation's 
lowest), and improve care for the elderly. A 
Georgetown and Yale Law School graduate 
and a Rhodes scholar. Clinton has also re- 
gained power for the Governor's office that 
had been usurped by the legislature. Limited 
by law to two terms, Clinton is expected even- 
tually to run for Congress. 

15. Philippe de Montebello, 43, was 

born into an artistic Parisian family. When his 
family moved to the U.S., de Montebello stud- 
ied art history at Harvard and took up paint- 
ing. "You have talent but not genius," his fa- 
ther told him. So in 1963, de Montebello joined 
the Metropolitan Museum of Art as a curato- 
rial assistant. He was tapped for the director- 
ship of Houston's Museum of Fine Arts in 
1969, and in four years built up the museum's 
reputation and staff and amassed a $2 million 
endowment for acquisitions. A naturalized cit- 
izen, de Montebello returned to the Met in 
1973 and worked on some of the blockbuster 
shows ("Treasures from the Kremlin," "Monet 
at Giverny"). Named director of the Met in 
May 1978, de Montebello plans to downplay 
the role of special events and make the muse- 
um's treasures more routinely accessible. Says 
he: "I want people to get used to the idea of 
dropping in to see familiar objects they love." 

16. Alan M. Dershowitz, 40. The stu- 
dent editors of the Harvard Law School Bul- 
letin seldom lavish praise on the faculty, but 
for Dershowitz they made an exception. As 

the Bulletin put it, "He energetically attacks 
discrimination, represents criminals and de- 
fends the rights of others to defend them- 
selves." The onetime boy wonder from Brook- 
lyn (he was a full professor at Harvard at 28) 
admits to being "an extremist" on civil lib- 
erties. His credo: "If there is discrimination 
against anybody, there is discrimination 
against everybody." He has fought for the 
rights of American Nazis to speak and assem- 
ble, and successfully defended Actor Harry 
Reems, the lead in Deep Throat, against ob- 
scenity charges. Though a Jew and an ardent 
Zionist, Dershowitz has criticized Israel for es- 
tablishing settlements on the West Bank. For 
that, he says, "my mother really gave me hell." 

17. Robert Embry, 41, successfully guid- 
ed Baltimore's redevelopment program from 
1968 to the mid-1970s — using low-interest 
mortgages to attract middle-income residents 
to downtown and turning the blighted inner 
harbor area into a showplace of refurbished 
row houses and new businesses. He caught the 
eye of Carter, who appointed him Assistant 
Secretary of Housing and Urban Develop- 
ment. As the Administration's point man on 
urban distress, one of the toughest jobs in town, 
Embry created the Urban Development Ac- 
tion Grant program that is helping to save 
327 distressed urban areas by encouraging pri- 
vate investment. To qualify for udag, a mayor 
must prove that his proposal has local busi- 
ness support and will create jobs. In the past 
two years, hud has paid out $700 million in 
seed money that in turn has generated an in- 
vestment of $4.1 billion in private funds. An 
unflappable official, the Baltimore born and 
bred Embry plans to return to local govern- 


TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 

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Ever since its introduction, 
people have been flooding Chevy 
showrooms across the country to 
see the 1980 Chevy Citation. And 
according to Retail Delivery 
Reports, 33,765 units were sold 
in its first three weeks, more than 
any new entry Chevrolet has ever 


Citation's engine is 
mounted sideways, so the 
passenger compartment can be 
bigger In fact, in EPA interior 
dimensions. Citation is classified 
as a mid-size car. With the back 
seat folded down there's room 
enough for two adults in front 
and 30 bags of groceries in back. 


In engineering tests. 
Citation goes from to 50 in 9 
seconds flat. That's with available 
2.8 Liter V6 engine and automatic 
transmission. California figures 
not available. {Citation is 
equipped with GM-built engines 
produced by various divisions. 
See your dealer for details. ) 


That's with Citation's 
standard 2.5 Liter 4-cylinder 
engine and manual 
transmission. (Manual 
transmission currently not 
available in California. Calif, 
estimates lower. ) 

Citation's standard 4-speed 
transmission is made to conserve 
gas. It's an overdrive. And at 
cruising speeds the 4th gear lets 
the engine run slower than with a 
conventional transmission, 
helping to get impressive fuel 


And Citation's long-range 
cruising es timat es are just as 
impressive. |336| miles based on 
EPA estimated MPG (city) mileage 
figures, and 532 miles based on 
estimated highway MPG. Range 
figures obtained by multiplying 
Citation's 14-gallon fuel tank 
capacity rating by the EPA 
mileage estimates. 

REMEMBER: Compare the 
circled estimated MPG to the 
estimated MPG of other cars. You 
may get different mileage and 
range depending on your speed, 
trip length and weather. Your 
actual city mileage and range will 
be less in heavy city traffic. Your 
actual mileage will probably be 
less than the highway estimate. 


When you drive Citation 
you'll see what all the excitement 
is about. The way it feels. The way 
it maneuvers. The way it rides. 
And Citation's front wheel drive 
puts approximately 65% of its 
weight over the "driving wheels" 
to give you impressive traction on 
wet or snowy roads. 


There's still a lot about 
Citation that we haven't 
mentioned. Like slip stream 
design to cut down on wind 
resistance and wind noise. The 
hidden cargo area in all 
hatchback models, so what's 
inside is protected from view. A 
dual diagonal braking system. 
And much, much more. That's 
why we encourage you to see your 
Chevy dealer and test drive the 
1980 Chevy Citation today. This 
could be the car you've had in 



ment after hud. Says he: "The oldest cities 
may be the newest frontier." 

18. Martin Feldstein, 40, his colleagues 

predict, is some day bound to reach the pin- 
nacle of their profession: chairman of the Pres- 
ident's Council of Economic Advisers. A 
summa cum laude graduate of Harvard, Feld- 
stein is already perhaps the most influential 
young economist in the nation, the leader of a 
group of "new conservatives" who are argu- 
ing that the Government should meddle less 
in the economy. Feldstein heads the National 
Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, 
a private organization financed by grants from 
foundations and corporations, highly respect- 
ed in the profession for its study of economic 
cycles. The cure for what ails the American 
economy, argues Feldstein, is more capital in- 
vestment, helped by tax incentives. He believes 
the Government should lower Social Security 
taxes to encourage private savings and make 
unemployment benefits taxable to remove in- 
centives for remaining jobless. Notes Feld- 
stein: "Government policy has not only failed 
to eliminate the problems that it was designed 
to solve, but has also frequently exacerbated 
those very problems." 

19. Wallace C. Ford, 29, is executive 
vice president of Amistad Dot Venture Cap- 
ital Inc., a Washington, D.C. -based invest- 
ment company, backed by black private cap- 
ital, that helps set up small businesses run 
by members of minorities. Although former 
Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton 
is chief executive officer of the fledgling com- 
pany, founded in March, Ford is responsible 
for much of the daily operations. A graduate 
of Dartmouth and Harvard Law School, Ford 
at 27 became the youngest president of 
the Harlem Lawyers' Association. Onetime 


speechwriter for Sutton, Congressman Charles 
Rangel and Richard Hatcher, mayor of Gary, 
Ind.. Ford commutes between Washington 
and New York City, where he is head of 
nova (New Opportunities for Voter Action), 
aimed at harnessing political clout for blacks. 
Says Sutton: "Ford has poise, balance, in- 
telligence and is 'relevant' . . . He's a comer." 

20. A. Bartlett Giamatti, 41. The Yale 

faculty cheered last spring when a humanist 
was chosen to lead the institution during its 
days of austerity. A man who loves the Red 
Sox and Renaissance literature, Giamatti is a 
true blue (class of '60 and teacher since '66). 
The youngest president of Yale in 200 years, 
Giamatti faces the challenge of reducing a $19 
million deficit without sacrificing the quality 
of education. So far, he has begun a complete 
review of operating costs and instituted stiff 

articles on health and careers replaced slick 
travel and fashion pieces. One of her big vic- 
tories: persuading advertisers to use black 
models in ads for black consumers. "I wanted 
to show what black women really are: beau- 
tiful, courageous and incredibly vital people," 
says Gillespie. Born in Rockville Centre, NY., 
and schooled at Lake Forest College, Gilles- 
pie, now editor in chief, is in demand as a 
speaker about the aspirations of black wom- 
en, and Essence, with a circulation of 600,000. 
has set a high standard of editorial quality. 

22. Gary Hart, 41, relishes the role of mav- 
erick. Says the Democratic Senator from Col- 
orado: "It is difficult to put me in a category. I 
strike out on my own." In his first term, Hart 
is already an influential member of three key 
committees: armed forces, environment and 
budget. An independent on most issues, he 

cutbacks in the nonacademic staff. "I hope to 
see a Yale College with fewer students, a cur- 
riculum with fewer courses and more struc- 
tured breadth, and a college seminar system 
that engages retired faculty so that their dig- 
nity and wisdom and expertise are not lost to 
us all," says Giamatti. Another main concern: 
the stifling Government interference that ac- 
companies financial aid and research grants. 
Notes Giamatti: "Private institutions will be 
forced to become more adept at pressuring for 
their principles." 

21. Marcia Ann Gillespie, 35, went for 

a job interview at Essence magazine in 1970 
and ended up being hired as managing editor. 
She took the floundering publication for black 
women and gave it an audience, ad revenues 
and an editorial raison d'etre. Serious service 

strongly supports salt ii and favors tighter fed- 
eral control over nuclear power plants. But he 
also favors less federal control and regulation 
of the economy. Says he: "If you want the Gov- 
ernment off your back, get your hand out of 
the Government's pocket." Handsome, lean 
and angular. Hart received a bachelor's de- 
gree from the Yale Divinity School, plus a Yale 
law degree. The role that brought him polit- 
ical attention, if not success, was directing Sen- 
ator George McGovern's presidential cam- 
paign in 1972. Today he is gaining favor in 
the Senate. Says conservative Senator Barry 
Goldwater of Hart: "You can disagree with 
him politically, but I have never met a man 
who is more honest and more moral." 

23. William Hensley, 38, an Eskimo. 

grew up in northwest Alaska living as a no- 
mad. After catching the attention of teachers 
in the town of Kotzebue, he boldly set out for 
the nation's capital, where he got a degree in 
political science from George Washington 
University. In 1966 Hensley returned to Alas- 
ka to lead the struggle for native rights. As a 
state legislator, he flew to Washington more 
than 100 times to help keep the land claims 
issue before Congress. In 1971 Congress passed 
the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act that 
gave Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts nearly $1 
billion and 40 million acres of land. Hensley 
now heads the influential development arm 
of the Northwest Alaska Native Association 
(nana), one of 13 regional corporations cre- 
ated by the act to manage Alaskan native as- 
sets. Under his tenure, nana has built rural 

TIME, AUGUST 6. 1979 



schools, offices, rescue stations and even owns 
a reindeer herd of 4,200 head to provide meat 
to northwest natives. Hensley, who speaks 
English, Russian and Inupiaq (an Eskimo lan- 
guage in western Alaska), lost a bid for his 
state's sole House seat in 1974, but is often in- 
troduced by Alaskans as "our next Senator." 

24. The Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, 37. 

"Down with dope! Up with hope!" shouts Jack- 
son to a crowd of 10,000 enthusiastic teen- 
agers. His mission is to inspire ghetto young- 
sters to change their lives by studying hard. A 
former aide to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 
Jackson has spent the past three years taking 
his Chicago-based push-excel program to 
schools across the country, push-excel re- 
quires teachers to assign homework, students 
to study two hours a night, and parents to pro- 
vide support. Follow-up programs are some- 
times weak and the long-range effectiveness 
remains to be seen, but some push-excel pro- 
grams have produced lower absentee rates and 
higher morale. Says Jackson: "Affirmative ac- 
tion is a moot, question if you don't learn to 
read and write." And at graduation, he 
wants voter registration cards handed out with 

25. Hamilton Jordan, 34, wrote a shrewd, 

sensitive 72-page memo sketching out in bril- 
liant detail in 1972 the course Candidate 
Jimmy Carter had to follow from Plains, Ga., 
to the White House. Carter seldom wavered 
from Jordan's plans. Ever since, Jordan has 
been the President's top political strategist, 
and this month was officially named White 
House Chief of Staff — even though critics 
claim Jordan embodied some of the Admin- 
istration's most serious managerial flaws. Jor- 
dan has a swift, conceptual mind, reads po- 
litical moods and trends skillfully, and 


although he is personally disorganized is high- 
ly imaginative. Jordan looks and sometimes 
acts like a fraternity boy — though he has late- 
ly switched from khakis and boots to pinstripe 
suits — and in the past his inattention to ad- 
ministrative detail has tarnished his image. He 
is now determined to bring discipline to his 
creativity. Says Jordan: "One of my strengths 
is that I know my weaknesses." Both are 

26. Amalya Kearse, 42, the daughter of 

a postmaster and a doctor, graduated from 
Wellesley College and edited the law review 
at the University of Michigan, where a pro- 
fessor called her "the best student, male or fe- 
male, to come down the pike." In 1970 she 

em problems facing private liberal arts 
schools: overtenured faculty, inflation and in- 
creasing government regulation. Her main 
mission, though, is to maintain an academic 
environment that will produce women of com- 
petence and confidence. To help keep wom- 
en's colleges in the vanguard of educational 
opportunity, she favors continuing education 
for older women and professional internships. 
Says she: "Mount Holyoke was founded in the 
uncompromising belief that women could do 
anything they wanted." 

28. Charles F. Knight, 43. Public re- 
sponsibility goes with my job and position," 
says the chairman and chief executive officer 
of Emerson Electric Co., a St. Louis electron- 

became the first black woman partner of 
Hughes, Hubbard & Reed, a major Wall Street 
law firm. Praised by her colleagues for her an- 
alytical abilities, Kearse handles antitrust, 
stockholder and merger cases. An expert 
bridge player, Kearse edited the most recent 
volume of the Official Encyclopedia of Bridge. 
Last month Carter named her to the U.S. 
Court of Appeals for the Second District in 
New York, often considered to be the most im- 
portant court below the Supreme Court. 

27. Elizabeth T. Kennan, 41. Women 
have become important in America because 
of women's colleges," insists Kennan, who last 
fall completed the chain of female command 
in the Seven Sisters colleges by becoming pres- 
ident of Mount Holyoke. her alma mater. A 
medieval scholar with degrees from Oxford 
and the University of Washington, Kennan 
has spent her first year fielding all the mod- 

ics firm that ranks 137 on the Fortune 500 
fist. As an executive, Knight is a rigorous cost 
cutter who has shut plants and furloughed 
workers in order to maintain acceptable prof- 
its. As a citizen, he has acted boldly to solve 
community problems. Three years ago when 
he learned from his children that St. Louis 
was going to cancel its athletic programs be- 
cause of a budget deficit. Knight — a former 
football end at Cornell — organized a fund- 
raising drive that brought in $250,000 to save 
high school sports. This year Knight helped 
stop a divisive school strike by raising $600,000 
from the business community to guarantee the 
city's first-year commitment to teachers' raises 
— and the children's return to the classroom. 

29. Fred J. Kroll, 43, was working at 15 
"at all kinds of lousy jobs," but his labors 
have made him president of the Brotherhood 
of Railway and Airline Clerks (b.r.a.c.) and 
enabled him to become the youngest mem- 
ber of the afl-cio's ruling executive council. 
In 1977, after Kroll edged out the son of re- 
tiring b.r.a.c. President CL. ("Les") Dennis 
for the union leadership, young Dennis and 
his cronies beat him up so severely that he 
was hospitalized. Since taking over the 200, 
000-member union, Kroll, the son of a Phil- 
adelphia factory worker, has been trying to 
make the labor movement more attractive 
for younger workers by encouraging greater 
initiative at local levels. Says Kroll: "We 
have to get away from the image of the base- 
ball bat, T shirt and tattoo." He says he has 
"the greatest respect" for George Meany, 84, 
the autocratic AFL-Cio president, but that 
"maybe the leadership is not in touch with 
younger people." 


TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 





Introducing the Xerox 2300. 

It's the smallest new Xerox copier you 
can get. 


It's faster than some bigger copiers. You get 
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It's very big for its size. 


XEROX ® and 2300 are trademarks of XEROX CORPORATION. Available in major U. S. dtieS AugUSt 1, 1979. 

30. Vilma Martinez, 35, the daughter of 

a San Antonio carpenter, worked her way 
through the University of Texas and Colum- 
bia Law School. After concentrating on civil 
rights for the n.a.a.c.p. Legal Defense Fund 
and the New York State division of human 
rights, she moved to San Francisco in 1973 to 
become the president and general counsel of 
the Mexican-American Legal Defense and 
Educational Fund. There she has fought skill- 
fully for the rights of 8 million Mexican Amer- 
icans. Martinez, who herself grew up in a Span- 
ish-speaking household, won a 1974 case 
before the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that 
guaranteed the controversial right of bilingual 
education to all non-English-speaking chil- 
dren in public schools. 

31. Carole McClellan, 39, is something 

of a lone star among big-city mayors. A for- 
mer civics teacher and school district trustee, 
she oversees not only the 353,400 people and 
1 20 sq. mi. of her home town of Austin but 
also a household of four sons, aged eleven to 
16. McClellan starts the morning with a dawn 
breakfast followed by car-pool duty to get the 
children to school, works all day with Aus- 
tin's city manager and six-member council, 
and hurries home to cook dinner for her chil- 

Special fe J Section 



Hi Rr ■ 

ill Pr x »~ W 

wanted," he says. "My job is to cut out the 
waste and the junk, and to be a leader of the 
programs that work well." 

33. Sister Elizabeth Morancy, 38, 

wore the traditional black habit of the Sisters 
of Mercy and taught government in a paro- 
chial school until a few years ago. Last fall 
she was elected by a landslide to the Rhode Is- 
land state legislature from her home town of 
Providence. A graduate of Salve Regina Col- 
lege in Newport, R.I., she represents the Span- 
ish-speaking, black, Laotian and blue-collar 

dren (she is a divorcee). She then returns to 
city hall for more paper work. Since taking of- 
fice in 1977, McClellan has got voter approv- 
al of bond issues totaling $141 million for re- 
modeling the city and continuing Austin's 
participation in a nuclear-power venture. She 
is persuasive: she won the nuclear-power bond 
issue by 53% just ten days after the Three Mile 
Island incident. 

32. Anthony Toby Moffett, 34. What 

happens when a Nader Raider comes to Con- 
gress?" mused the Connecticut Democrat in 
1975, shortly after his election. Four years 
later, Moffett admits: "I'm trying to find the 
fine line -between screaming all the time and 
being a member of the club." Last January 
he outmaneuvered three senior Representa- 
tives to win the chairmanship of the pow- 
erful Subcommittee on Environment, Energy 
and Natural Resources. A second-generation 
American with Lebanese grandparents, Mof- 
fett, who studied government at Syracuse 
University and Boston College, is a longtime 
defender of consumer rights. He has spoken 
out against high energy costs and opposes 
President Carter's decontrol of domestic oil 
prices, despite arguments from those who 
feel that Americans will waste gasoline until 
prices go up. "Government programs are still 

white residents of the city's 18th district, which 
includes a dilapidated, arson-scorched section 
where she directs a community center. Since 
taking office she has pushed through the 
Rhode Island house two housing bills designed 
to cut down on arson and evictions. Well be- 
fore Three Mile Island, she initiated legisla- 
tion that would outlaw nuclear power plants 
in Rhode Island until waste disposal problems 
are solved. Says Morancy: "Issues involving 
the quality of people's lives affect generation 
after generation." 

34. Robert Muller, 34, was an idealistic 

undergraduate at New York's Hofstra Univer- 
sity when he enlisted in the Marines and went 
to Viet Nam as a lieutenant. In 1969 he was 
shot in the spine and left paralyzed from the 
waist down. The disillusioning war and shab- 
by treatment accorded the men who fought it 
turned him into a crusader. As executive direc- 
tor of the Vietnam Veterans of America, Mul- 
ler is fighting for jobs, better benefits and re- 
spect for the 3 million Americans who served 
in Southeast Asia. Now a lawyer, he is a mov- 
ing orator when addressing Americans about 
the war: "Your guilt, your hang-ups, your un- 
easiness made it socially unacceptable to men- 
tion the fact that we were Viet Nam veterans. 
We fought hard and we fought well." 

35. Mark Ptashne, 39. In 1967 the Har- 
vard molecular biologist detected a molecule, 
called a "repressor," that regulates the way a 
gene functions, possibly a key in the study of 
cancer. Ptashne was majoring in philosophy at 
Reed College in Portland, Ore., when he be- 
came fascinated by a theory about repressor 
molecules and switched to chemistry in his se- 
nior year. During the Viet Nam War, Ptashne 
was deeply involved in antiwar politics at Har- 
vard and went to the extent of lecturing at the 
University of Hanoi. But he became disillu- 
sioned with leftist politics in 1976 when some 
radicals and others tried, unsuccessfully, to 
force the Cambridge, Mass., city council to 
deny Harvard and M.I.T. the right to conduct 
recombinant dna experiments. Ptashne 
helped lead the campaign to allow the exper- 
iments to take place. 

36. Frank Shorter, 31, has often set the 
pace. At the 1972 Munich Olympics, the 
Yale graduate became the first American in 
more than 50 years to win the marathon, 
and the attention he received helped quick- 
en interest in.the running boom. In 1976 Short- 
er came back to win a silver medal in Mon- 
treal. His 140-mile training weeks left him 
little opportunity to support himself as a law- 
yer, however, so he challenged the Amateur 
Athletic Union's rules prohibiting sports-re- 
lated income. In a precedent-setting case that 
has helped other athletes, Shorter convinced 
the A.A.U. that his manufacturing of run- 
ning gear should not affect his amateur sta- 
tus. Shorter is also drumming up corporate 
support for amateur athletes. "In the old 
days the A.A.U. required that an athlete 
build his name and then retire to reap what 
benefits he could," says Shorter. That is ob- 
viously not his plan: Shorter is training hard 
to make the 1980 U.S. Olympic team. 


TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 

There's a full-size car 
that's big on economy. 

Look at the facts: 

The New Chevrolet has been 
proven by over 1.5 million owners in 
its first 3 years. Its full-size style, 
comfort and value made it the 
most popular car in the country. 
And a standard by which other full- 
size cars can be judged. 

33% better gas mileage. 

Compared to a few years ago, 
The New Chevrolet is much more 
fuel -efficient. The 79 Caprice and 
Impala show a 33% increase in 
EPA estimated MPG (city) over 1975 
models, each with base V8 engine 
and automatic transmission. 
California and highway 
percentage increase is less. 

FACT: Hundreds of miles 
between fill-ups. 

A car's driving range is an 
important consideration for you. 
Look at The New Chevrolet's 
numb ers. Estimated city range is 
|336j miles, highway estimate 441 

miles. These figures obtained by 
multiplying the21-gallon fuel tank 
capacity by (16) EPA estimated MPG 
(city), 21 highway estimate for a 79 
Caprice or Impalawith available5.0 
Liter V8. California estimates lower. 
Remember : Compare the EPA 
estimated MPG with that of other 
cars. Your mileage and range may 
vary depending upon speed, trip 
length and weather. City mileage 
and range will be less in heavy city 
traffic. And your actual highway 
mileage and range will probably 
be less than the highway estimate. 
The New Chevrolet is equipped with 
GM-built engines produced by 
various divisions. See your dealer 
for details. 

- •;,>:.*; ^''. 

FACT: A lot of built-in Chevy value. 

• Room, ride and comfort for six. 

• Spacious trunk capacity, with 
about 20 cubic feet of usable 

Automatic transmission. 
Radial ply tires. 
High Energy Ignition. 
Power steering. 

Power front disc/rear drum brakes. 
Engine diagnostic connector. 
Delco Freedom battery. 
Full Coil suspension system. 
Extensive corrosion protection. 
Long service intervals. 


Right now, special incentives to 
Chevy dealers are making possi- 
ble savings of hundreds of dollars 
on Caprice and Impala Sedans. 
Coupes and Wagons, during 
Chevy's Best Safe! See your Chevy 
dealer now for special savings. 
And hurry. The sale is limited. 

Caprice Classic Sedan 

■ .. 

The New Chevrolet. 

Consumer Orientation 

No. 1 in a Series 
of Technical Papers 


Exploitation of Inertial 
Masses for Neutral 
Vehicle Handling 

Porsche 924 


Even Comes 

The fundamental behavior of any car depends on the distribution of its inertial masses, such as the 
engine and transmission. There is no one best distribution for all types of cars. But for the 
Porsche 924— designed to be a superb road-holding sports car, suitable for racing with minimum 
modifications— the optimum distribution of weight between front and rear is nearly a perfect 50-50, 
with a slight rear weight-bias. This is accomplished by a unique transaxle design (see below). 
The results include increased traction, balanced braking, improved cornering, and a high polar 
moment of inertia (described in detail below). 

Jk C% Q/ The 924 puts its engine in front, transmission 
^frCJ /O in back for optimum weight distribution. 

Cft Q/ Spacing the two main mechanical masses far 
*rr /O apart also results in a high polar moment of inertia. 

The fundamental dynamic advantages 
of the 924s design are: 

1. Increased Traction. The forces mat 
propel and guide a car are limited by 
the friction of its tires. By placing the 
924s greater mass above its rear drive 
wheels, the tires have extra friction 

or tractive force for acceleration and 

2. Balanced Braking. During braking, 
inertia transfers weight from the rear to 
the front, placing a disproportionate 
burden on the front wheels. The 924s 
rear weight-bias tends to offset this 
transfer so that braking effort is more 
evenly distributed between the front 
and rear wheels. 

3. Improved Cornering. The 924's 
balanced weight distribution allows it 
to generate a lateral acceleration of 
0.85 g with virtually neutral handling 

4. High Polar Moment of Inertia. 
The higher the moment of inertia, the 
greater the force required to rotate a 
vehicle about its vertical axis. By 
spacing the 924's main masses apart at 
the ends of a 170-cm steel tube, a polar 
moment of inertia of 1219 ft-lb/sec 2 is 
achieved. This reduces pitching, 
resists cross-winds, and increases 
directional control. 

At Porsche, our philosophy is to 
design, create, improve, and produce. 
The 924's transaxle illustrates this 
point. Dr. Ferdinand Porsche first 
introduced a similar design for a Grand 
Prix racing car in 1928. Through over 
50 years of constant development and 
testing, the transaxle has become a 
proven competition technique. Today, 
even further refined for everyday 
driving, it is the engineering hallmark 
of the Porsche 924. 



37. Eleanor Smeal, 39, took charge of 

ihe National Organization for Women (NOW) 
in 1977, doubled the membership to 100,000 
and raised dues and contributions from $700.- 
000 annually to $2.6 million. The first house- 
wife to head now, as well as its first full-time 
paid president, Smeal is a native of Erie, Pa., 
and a Phi Beta Kappa from Duke University. 
She discovered feminism through reading 
works of the early suffragists. In 1970 she 
helped form a now chapter in Pittsburgh and 
led the fight to get equal opportunity in scho- 
lastic sports and physical education for girls 
in Pennsylvania. In 1978 Smeal headed a suc- 
cessful effort to get Congress to extend the time 
limit for passage of the Equal Rights Amend- 
ment. She has also directed campaigns that 
prevented ten states that had passed the era 
from rescinding their positions, and is orga- 
nizing grass-roots efforts in the down-to-the- 
wire fight to pass the amendment in three more 
states. Says Smeal: "The era is primarily an 
economic issue — of security for the homemak- 
er and jobs for the average woman." 

38. David A. Stockman, 32, has in three 

years earned a reputation on Capitol Hill for 
effectively delivering his moderate to con- 
servative views. One device: sending detailed 
letters to colleagues, including one that helped 
defeat Carter's standby gas rationing plan 
("It doesn't do what you think, but it does a 
lot you never imagined"). The bachelor Re- 
publican, who was graduated from Michigan 
State University and attended Harvard Di- 
vinity School, is known in his southern Mich- 
igan district for opposing excessive regulation 
of the auto industry. Last year he helped de- 
feat Carter's complex hospital cost-contain- 
ment bill because he felt it was "a cure worse 
than the disease." Stockman's main goal is 
to reduce the role of the Government in so- 
ciety and to chip away at "the social pork bar- 
rel — the tremendous pressure of parochial, 
narrowly defined interests." 

39. Brandon Stoddard, 41, is the ivy 

League whiz kid who proved that networks 
can do better-quality programming and get 
high ratings at the same time. A senior vice 
president at abc. Stoddard invented the mini- 
series back in 1974 with his presentation of 
QB VII. Since then, Stoddard has pulled good 
Nielsens with topical and historical programs: 
Friendly Fire; Rich Man, Poor Man; Wash- 
ington: Behind Closed Doors; and, of course, 
Roots, the most watched program in televi- 
sion history. "We are trying to offer something 
unique and compelling. True events are rare 
these days," says Stoddard, who will also be- 
gin making films to be shown in theaters. On 

such subjects as civil rights and Viet Nam, 
Stoddard's shows have had a substantial im- 
pact on mass opinion. 

40. Edward Stone, 43, is the chief sci- 
entist for the highly successful Voyager 2 space 
probe that last month sent back invaluable 
data on the ring around Jupiter. A cosmic ray 
physicist born in Iowa and educated at the 
University of Chicago, Stone teaches at Cal- 
tech and directs 100 scientists at the Jet Pro- 
pulsion Laboratory. He is now working on a 
1983 "solar-polar" mission that will orbit two 
satellites in opposite directions around the 
sun's poles. The aim: to learn more about how 
energy flows from the sun and affects the 
earth's environment. Says Dr. Bruce Murray, 
director of the J.P.L.: "It's hard to say where 
we'll be in 1986, but Ed Stone will be one of 
the key people in the leadership." 

41. Barbara Boyle Sullivan, 42, crit- 
icizes the affirmative-action policies of corpo- 

42. Paul E. Tsongas, 38, a cool, darkly 
handsome man with an unruly shock of hair, 
has a touch of Kennedy about him. Indeed, 
it was John F. Kennedy who inspired Tson- 
gas (pronounced Song-as) to spend two years 
in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia before get- 
ting his law degree at Yale. Tsongas opened 
his practice in his home town of Lowell. 
Mass., where his Greek emigrant grandfather 
had settled, and won his first election to Con- 
gress in 1974, by defeating Republican Ed- 
ward Brooke. Considered to be one of the 
party's rising young liberals. Tsongas has 
strongly supported the Kennedy- Waxman na- 
tional health plan and has sharply criticized 
both Carter and the Congress for failing to 
develop an adequate energy program. Says 
Tsongas: "The U.S. is going to have to make 
serious attitudinal adjustments toward life- 
style on the energy issue, and it will not do 
so without leadership." 

43. Ted Turner, 40, acts as boldly as he 
talks, which is saying a great deal. As the brash 
owner of the Atlanta Braves, Turner was once 
formally reprimanded by National League 
President Charles Feeney; he has irritated the 
game's purists with several of his promotional 
ploys. In 1977 he took on the gentlemen of 
the yachting world and earned the chance to 
defend the America's Cup. Turner and Cou- 
rageous won. His latest target: the nation's 
major television networks. His "superstation," 
wtcg in Atlanta, now reaches 4 million house- 
holds in 46 states by broadcasting via satel- 

rations — and they pay her for it. Her consult- 
ing firm, Boyle/Kirkman Associates, which 
she founded with Colleague Sharon Kirkman 
Donegan in 1972, originally specialized in lo- 
cating patterns of discrimination against 
women in large companies. Since then the firm 
has focused on affirmative action in general: 
recruiting and developing the talents of wom- 
en, minorities, youth and the aged. "Compa- 
nies have hired women and minorities in entry 
level jobs, and now it is a question of solving 
the upward mobility problems," says Sullivan. 
A Philadelphia native who lives in Califor- 
nia, Sullivan spends three weeks out of four 
traveling. Although Boyle/Kirkman now has 
yearly revenues of more than $1 million and 
45 clients, the majority of which are Fortune 
500 companies, affirmative action is progress- 
ing slowly. Observes Sullivan: "This is not just 
a sprint — this is a marathon." 

lite. Now the three major networks are trying 
to force the fcc to limit retransmission con- 
sent. Turner is spoiling for the fight. "The net- 
works have had 30 years to upgrade televi- 
sion and haven't done it yet," he says. "They 
need competition to make them better." His 
plans include educational shows, limited com- 
mercial time and a news program with Dan- 
iel Schorr as anchor. He hopes to reach 7 mil- 
lion homes by 1980. Turner's newest yacht: 

44. R. Emmett Tyrrell Jr., 35, has es- 
tablished himself as one of the most irrever- 
ent pundits of the new right. Back in 1966 
when radicals briefly took over Indiana Uni- 
versity's Bloomington campus, Tyrrell, then a 
graduate student, launched a paper called the 
Alternative ("to mainstream liberalism and the 
radical movement"). With a burgeoning list 

TIME. AUGUST 6, 1979 



of contributors that included William F. Buck- 
ley Jr., and Irving Kristol, the iconoclastic 
monthly went national in 1970, changed its 
name to the American Spectator, acquired 
22,000 subscribers and earned a reputation 
among intellectuals for good writing and bit- 
ing humor. In his latest book, Public Nuisanc- 
es, a collection of his editorials, Tyrrell ful- 
minates against such targets as Jimmy Carter 
("a grinning dunce") and women's lib ("the 
most successful pestilence since Prohibition"). 

45. Richard A. Viguerie, 45, a prime 
mover of neoconservatism, has rediscovered 
an old means of communication to further his 
causes: direct mail. Viguerie circumvents the 
media with his two IBM computers and a trea- 
sure of mailing lists, including a 5,000-name 
"hit list" that can produce, almost overnight, 
$115,000 in contributions for conservative 
causes. He can flood a Senator, Representative 
or state Governor with 50,000 letters in a sin- 
gle delivery. Viguerie helped lead the heated 
battle against the Panama Canal Treaties, 
anathema to many middle-of-the-roaders 
— and lost narrowly. Now he is cranking up a 
major effort against the ratification of salt ii 
Viguerie. who studied political science at the 
University of Houston in his home town, is a 
dedicated conservative who helps shape the 
movement's strategy. "We're still a bit on the 
sidelines." he says, "but our time will come." 

46. Jim Wallis, 31. "If there ever was a 
time when the radical nature of the Bible needs 
to be lived out courageously, it is now," says 
Wallis, a Protestant religious leader and the 
editor of an evangelical magazine. A Detroit 
native and a graduate of the University of 
Michigan, Wallis was active in the civil rights 


and antiwar movements a decade ago. Then 
he turned to religion. After studying at the 
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deer- 
field, 111., Wallis founded Sojourners in 1975, 
a religious community now totaling 60 people 
who live together in a poor section of Wash- 
ington, D.C. Sojourners runs day care centers, 
shelters for the indigent and a free clinic, and 
publishes a monthly magazine with 40,000 sub- 
scribers. Says Wallis, who spends nearly half 
his time lecturing throughout the country and 
abroad: "We're trying to live our vision." 

47. Sarah Weddington, 34. "I want to 
see to it that women are not cut off from pow- 
er positions," says Carter's special assistant on 
women's issues. A graduate of the University 
of Texas Law School and a Texas state leg- 

the project Foxfire, after a Georgia lichen that 
glows in the dark, and set up a course of study, 
which includes photography, folklore and mu- 
sic. The students interview elderly people 
about their lives and write stories for the Fox- 
fire magazines and books. Published by Dou- 
bleday since 1972, the books have sold more 
than 4 million copies. Now the Foxfire pro- 
gram has 300 students each year, with 19 em- 
ployees and 25 log cabins for a base. Wig- 
ginton's ultimate goal: to develop jobs and 
leaders to revive communities in Appalachia. 

49. Mark Willes, 38, is the youngest of 
the Federal Reserve's twelve regional bank 
presidents. He is also the most independent 
and outspoken. As chief of the Federal Re- 
serve Bank of Minneapolis, which oversees the 

islator for five years. Attorney Weddington 
worked to reform the state's sexual abuse laws 
and equalize commercial credit requirements 
for women. In 1973. at the age of 28, she won 
the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case that af- 
firmed a woman's right to choose to have an 
abortion. Since Weddington replaced Midge 
Costanza last November, Carter has increased 
the number of women in top Administration 
spots; former Attorney General Griffin Bell 
raised female federal judgeships from 6% to 
17%. "My purpose is to put women into the 
mainstream of life," says Weddington, which 
is precisely where she is. 

48. Eliot Wigginton, 36, began in 1966 
with 140 children and $440 in donations from 
the residents of Rabun Gap in the north Geor- 
gia mountains. Wigginton, who grew up in 
Georgia and was educated at Cornell, wanted 
to teach young people about the glories of the 
area's independent mountain folk. He named 

North Central states, Willes has frequently 
been at odds with the other Fed regional pres- 
idents and the Fed's former chairman G. Wil- 
liam Miller. A Utah-born Mormon who at- 
tended Columbia University, Willes argues 
that forecasts about the impact of new eco- 
nomic policies are so imprecise that the Fed 
should resist trying to make constant short- 
term adjustments by changing the money sup- 
ply. Instead he advocates a new hands-off ap- 
proach known as the theory of "rational 
expectations," which contends that long-term, 
stable monetary policies encourage public con- 
fidence and hence lead to increased economic 
growth. Though Willes has had little influence 
on the Fed's thinking, his arguments are reach- 
ing businessmen and commercial bankers. 

50. Garry Wills, 45, is a writer and col- 
umnist who defies tidy labeling. He carefully 
disengages himself from the right wing in 
America, which he claims is simply an "amal- 
gam" of individualism in economic affairs. He 
is skeptical that the political system can pro- 
duce beneficial change and looks instead to 
forces "from the principled minority." Wills, 
who spent six years in a Catholic seminary, 
says that "the Gospel's concerns are the ones 
that seem to me to be conservative in the right 
sense: concern for the poor, concern for peace, 
concern for social harmony." A humanities 
professor at Johns Hopkins and a classics 
scholar. Wills has written scathingly of Rich- 
ard Nixon (Nixon Agonistes) and brilliantly of 
Thomas Jefferson (Inventing America: Jeffer- 
son's Declaration of Independence). His latest 
work: Confessions of a Conservative. Wills' col- 
umn appears in 70 newspapers. 


TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 

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Marlboro Lights 






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Winston Lights 



Carlton Soft Pack 
Carlton Menthol 
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Scientific American, May 1979 


£.9 r^ 

K U\i£* 


The Spin of the Proton 

(0 #* 


When two protons coJJ/de, the outcome depends on which way 
the particles are spinning. The effect seen in violent collisions 
suggests there are objects in the proton that spin very rapidly 

-2. M ?> V F\ - 





11+ li 

Svi f ,c/ i] 

the fundamental particles of mat- 
. ter — the proton, the neutron and 
the electron — seem to be spinning 
perpetually. The spinning is much like 
that of a top. with one significant differ- 
ence: there is no need for the particles to 
be wound up. Rotation is one of their 
intrinsic properties. Each particle has a 
fixed spin angular momentum in the 
same way that it has a definite mass and 
electric charge. 

When two spinning particles collide, 
the outcome often depends on how they 
are spinning. For example, the path tak- 
en by a proton after a collision can be 
affected by the proton's spin just as the 
"english" applied to a billiard ball can 
alter the ball's trajectory. It has long 
been thought, however, that the influ- 
ence of spin should decline as the energy 
of the collision increases. The reasoning 
behind this assumption is simple: the 
energy associated with a proton's spin 
is constant, and so it becomes an ever 
smaller fraction of the total energy as 
the-collision becomes more violent. At 
a sufficiently high collision energy it 
should make no difference whether two 
colliding protons are spinning the same 
way or in opposite directions. 

Only in the past few years have ex- 
perimental techniques been devised for 
testing this assumption. It has turned out 
to be quite wrong. The influence of spin 
does not diminish as the energy of a col- 
lision increases; on the contrary, spin 
seems to become more important as the 
collision becomes more violent. A re- 
cent series of experiments has shown 
that protons spinning in the same direc- 
tion are much more likely to rebound 
violently than protons spinning in op- 
posite directions. Protons with opposite 
spins often seem to pass through each 
other without interacting at all. 

The interpretation of these experi- 
ments is still uncertain. They seem to 
imply that inside the proton there are 
some smaller objects that carry most of 
the particle's spin angular momentum. 
The objects must be spinning very rapid- 
ly. Some years before these results were 


known it had already been proposed 
that the proton has an internal structure. 
One model suggested that each proton 
has a small, dense core. A theory popu- 
lar today supposes every proton is made 
up of three of the small entities called 
quarks. Independent evidence has ac- 
cumulated in support of the quark hy- 
pothesis. On the other hand, recent ex- 
periments suggest that the internal con- 
stituents of the proton have properties 
associated with their spin that are some- 
what different from the properties pre- 
dicted by the quark hypothesis. The dif- 
ferences are not easily reconciled. 


he angular momentum of an object 
is proportional to its rotational ve- 
locity and is also influenced by the dis- 
tribution of its mass. An elementary 
particle can have two kinds of angular 
momentum: orbital angular momentum 
and spin. Orbital angular momentum is 
most easily visualized in the planetary 
model of the atom proposed by Niels 
Bohr in 1913. The orbital angular mo- 
mentum of an electron in such an atom 
is proportional to the velocity with 
which it revolves around the nucleus 
and to the radius of its orbit and to its 
mass. Orbital angular momentum also 
appears in any glancing collision be- 
tween particles: even if the particles nev- 
er complete a full circle, they still brief- 
ly revolve around their common center 
of mass. 

Spin angular momentum measures 
the rotation of a single particle about its 
own internal axis. In quantum mechan- 
ics spin differs in a fundamental way 
from orbital angular momentum. A 
particle can gain or lose orbital angular 
momentum depending on its circum- 
stances, as when an electron in an atom 
jumps from one energy level to another 
and hence from one orbit to another. 
Spin angular momentum, on the other 
hand, is a fixed property of each parti- 
cle. The magnitude of the spin can be 
changed only by altering the identity of 
the particle itself. 

Spin angular momentum is usually 

described as a vector, a quantity th ias 
both a magnitude and a direction. i he 
spin vector can be represented as . ar- 
row parallel to the axis of rotation and 
with a length proportional to the magni- 
tude of the spin. The direction of the 
arrow is defined by the arbitrary con- 
vention called the right-hand rule. If the 
fingers of the right hand are wrapped 
around the particle in the direction in 
which it is rotating, then the thumb indi- 
cates the direction of the spin vector. 
According to this convention, the spin 
angular momentum of the earth could 
be represented by a vector at the North 
Pole pointing up. 






I ^ ne 1960 s was a period of literary 
I rebellion and turmoil that seems, in 
^M^^hL I retrospect, to have occurred in two 
stages: the beat generation of the late 1950s 
spilling over into the early 1960s, followed by the 
psychedelic movement. Both of the literary gangs 
that dominated the time — Jack Kerouac's On the 
Road hipsters and Ken Kesey's "Merry 
Pranksters" — had their own cast of characters, 
celebrated (usually under disguised names) in 
poem and novel. But it's an odd fact that one man, 
Neal Cassady, played a central role in both clans. 

Neal Cassady. Also known as "Superman," the 
"Fastestmanalive," "The Holy Goof." He appears as 
"Houlihan" in this story. In John Clellon Holmes's 
novel Go, he's called "Hart Kennedy." But his most 
famous fictional incarnation is as "Dean Moriarty," 
the central figure and driving force in Kerouac's On 
the Road— the novel that in 1957 first told most of 
us about the beat generation. Cassady is called 
"Cody Pomeray" in Kerouac's subsequent series of 
novels, his fictional autobiography that is actually 
a more or less accurate chronicle of literary figures 
of the time — William Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg, 
Gregory Corso, Robert Duncan, and the other poets 
and personalities of the "San Francisco Renaissance." 

Cassady was involved with them all, but he 
actually wrote little himself — although a small 
autobiographical book. The First Third, was 
published by the City Lights Bookstore in San 
Francisco and Cassady's letters are said to be the 
inspiration for the subject and style of On the Road. 

He had been in and out of jail often as a car thief 
in his youth and did a spell in San Quentin later in 
his life. Cassady seldom had any money or held a 
job for long. Nevertheless, by all accounts — and by 
now there are many — he was an extraordinary man. 

His essence was acceleration: He drove 


Illustration by Greg Scott 

automobiles recklessly but very well. He had 
incredible vitality and seemed never to need sleep. 
He had affairs with countless women — and with 
Allen Ginsberg and a few other men, apparently on 
a sort of experimental basis. Girls are said to have 
found themselves bedded within an hour of 
meeting him. Kerouac was involved with several of 
these women, often at Cassady's instigation. One of 
Cassady's three wives, Carolyn, has written her 
account of the triangular relationship she had with 
Neal and Jack. Called Heart Beat, it is being made 
into a movie, with Nick Nolte playing Cassady. 

In 1959, Ken Kesey was a fellow in the creative 
writing department at Stanford University, but he 
was also working part time in a nearby veterans' 
hospital and on a novel that was to become One 
Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. At the hospital, Kesey 
had volunteered for experiments with what were 
then called "psychotomimetic" drugs and took 
some of the drugs back to his friends and 
neighbors on Perry Lane, in Palo Alto, the 
bohemian housing area adjacent to Stanford. That 
was the beginning of the psychedelic movement on 
the West Coast. Many of Kesey's friends followed 
him to a small farm he took at La Honda, and they 
formed the group that came to be known as the 
"Merry Pranksters," organizing so-called acid 
tests — huge gatherings of young people using LSD 
at which the Pranksters introduced the strobe 
lighting that has since become such a familiar 
accompaniment of rock music. 

When the Pranksters voyaged east in 1964 in 
their famous psychedelic bus, Cassady was "the 
legendary driver" at the wheel. Later, when Kesey 
fled to Mexico to avoid a jail sentence on drug 
charges, Cassady joined him there. Some of their 
adventures in Mexico are set forth in the form of a 
crazy dialogue in Kesey's curious big scrapbook, 
Kesey's Garage Sale, where he gives a sample of 
Cassady's "rap" — the fast-talking tale-telling with 
which he fascinated everyone. Although for 


dramatic purposes, this story is set in 1969, 
Cassady actually died on the railroad tracks in 
Mexico in February of 1968. Kerouac, who thought 
Kesey had ruined Cassady, died in Florida in 1969. 

There was a kind of Zen "indifference to the ends 
of action" in Cassady's life. The words, as quoted, 
are from the end of Robert Stone's Dog Soldiers, 
winner of the National Book Award in 1974. Stone 
had been at Stanford with Kesey, was often at La 
Honda with the Pranksters, and visited Kesey 
when he was in hiding in Mexico. Stone knew 
Cassady from all this and clearly had him in mind 
when he drew the character of "Hicks" in Dog 
Soldiers, the fast and compulsive ex-Marine 
samurai figure. When Hicks dies, he's walking 
railroad tracks and, "out of spite, out of pride," 
begins counting the crossties aloud. Dog Soldiers 
was made into the movie Who'll Stop the Rain, 
starring Nick Nolte as Hicks, of course. Trivial to 
mention, perhaps, but this may represent the 
ultimate tribute our popular culture can extend to 
such a man as Cassady: that Nick Nolte should be 
playing him twice, although Nolte probably never 
even knew he was doing it the first time around. 

Besides Houlihan-Cassady, there are other 
disguised figures in this story: "Lars Dolf " is 
modeled on the poet Philip Whalen, the Merry 
Pranksters are called the "Animal Friends," and 
Kesey calls himself "Devlin Deboree." But we 
should remember to read this as fiction as well as 
memoir and not get too involved in secret keys to 
the characters in the work — especially when the 
story itself is as strong and compelling as this. 

—Rust Hills 

Strung out and shaking he was, pacing distractedly 
about the clutter of his office upstairs in the barn, 
poking among the books and bottles and cobwebs 
and dirt-dauber nests, trying to remember what he had done with 
his colored glasses. 

His special glasses. He needed them. Since before noon he had 
been putting off the walk to the ditch out in the field because the 
air was clogged with an evil eye-smiting smoke. Since the first 
smudge of dawn, long before his eyes had started smarting and his 
sinuses had begun to throb, and even before the hassle he'd just 
had with those hitchhikers down in the yard, he had been telling 
himself that this dreary day was going to be one real bastard with- 
out some rose-colored armor. Those glasses, he had been telling 
himself, would surely ease the day's sting. 

As he paced past his window, he heard the heartbroken bleating 
of the mother sheep start up again, baffled and insistent, twisted 
by the hot distance. He pushed the curtain back from the sunlight 
and looked out over his yard into the field, shading his eyes. He 
couldn't see the lamb because of the thistle and Queen Anne's 
lace, but the three ravens still marked the spot. They eddied above 
the ditch, arguing over the first morsels. Farther away, in the ash 
grove, he could see the ewe bleating against her rope and, farther 
still, past the fence, the backs of the two hitchhikers. Little was 
visible beyond that. Mount Nebo was only a dim line drawn into 
the hanging smoke. The merest suggestion. It made him think of 
Japanese wash painting, a solitary mountain form stroked hazily 
into a gray paper with a slightly grayer ink. 

The Oregon farm was uncommonly quiet for this hour. The 
usual midafternoon sounds seemed held in one of those tense still- 
nesses that ordinarily prompt the peacock to scream. One New 
Year's Eve, the big bird had called steadily during the half minute 
of burning fuse before Buddy's cannon went off, and last week, it 
had screamed horribly within seconds of the first lightning that 

cracked the iron sky into a tumultuous thunderstorm. 

A storm would be a relief now, Deboree thought. Even the pea- 
cock's horrible squawk would be welcome. But nothing. Only the 
little clock radio on his desk. He'd left it on for the news, but it 
was Barbra Streisand singing "on a clear day, etc." Terrific, he 
thought. Then, above the music and the distant grieving of the 
sheep, he heard another sound. A high, tortured whine. Certainly 
no relief, whatever it was. At length he was able to make out the 
source. Squinting down the road toward the highway, he saw a lit- 
tle pink car coming, fast and erratic, one of those new compacts 
with a name he couldn't remember. Some animal. A Cobra, or a 
Mink, or a Wildcat, with transmission trouble, whatever the beast 
was. It squealed around the corner past the Olson farm and the 
Burch place and came boring on through the smoky afternoon 
with a whine so piercing and a heading so whimsical and wild that 
the hitchhikers were forced from the shoulder of the road into the 
snake-grass. The blond gave it the finger and the blackbeard 
hurled some curse at its passing. It screamed on past the barn, out 
of sight and, finally, hearing. Deboree left the window and began 
again his distracted search. 

"I'm certain they're up here someplace," he said, certain of no 
such thing. 

Deboree's eyes fell on his dog-eared rolling box, and he took it 
from the shelf. He gazed in at the seeds and stems: maybe enough 
could be cleaned for one now, but unlikely enough for one now 
and one later both. Better save it for later. Need it more later. And 
just as well, he thought, looking at the box in his hands. The little 
brown seeds were rattling all over the place. He was still trembling 
too violently with the surge of adrenaline to have managed the 
chore of rolling. As he returned the box to its niche in the shelf, he 
recalled an old phrase his father used to use: 

"Shakin' like a dog shittin' peach pits." 

He had been up two days, grassing and speeding and ransacking 
his mental library (or was it three?) for an answer to his agent's 
call about the fresh material he had promised his editor and to his 
wife's query about the fresh cash needed by the loan office at the 
bank. Mainly, since Thursday's mail, for an answer to Larry 
McMurtry's letter. 

Larry was an old literary friend from Texas. They had met at a 
graduate writing seminar at Stanford and had immediately dis- 
agreed about most of the important issues of the day — beatniks, 
politics, ethics, and, especially, psychedelics— in fact about every- 
thing except for their mutual fondness and respect for writing and 
each other. It was a friendship that flourished during many mid- 
night debates over bourbon and booklore, with neither the right 
nor the left side of the issues ever gaining much ground. Over the 
years since Stanford, they had tried to keep up the argument by 
correspondence — Larry defending the traditional and Deboree 
championing the radical — but without the shared bourbon the let- 
ters had naturally lessened. The letter from Larry on Thursday 
was the first in a year. Nevertheless it went straight back at the is- 
sue, claiming conservative advances, listing the victories of the 



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righteous right, and pointing out the retreats and mistakes made 
by certain left-wing luminaries, especially Charles Manson, whom 
Deboree had known slightly. The letter ended by asking, in the 
closing paragraph, "So. What has the Good Old Revolution been 
doing lately?" 

Deboree's research had yielded up no satisfactory answer. After 
hours of trial and chemistry before the typewriter, he had pecked 
out one meager page of print, but the victories he had listed on his 
side were largely mundane achievements: "Claude and Blanche 
had another kid . . . Rampage and I finally got cut loose from our 
three-year probation . . ." Certainly no great score for the left 
wing of the ledger. But that was all he could think of: one puny 
page to show for forty hours of prowling around in the lonely li- 
brary of what he used to call "The Movement." Forty hours of 
thinking, drinking, and peeing in a milk bottle, with no break ex- 
cept that ten-minute trip downstairs to deal with those pilgriming 
prickheads. And now, back upstairs and still badly shaken, even 
that feeble page was missing; the typed yellow sheet of paper was 
as misplaced as his colored glasses. 

"Pox on both houses," he moaned aloud, rubbing his irritated 
eyes with his wrists. "On Oregon field burners poisoning the air 
for weed-free profit and on California flower children gone to seed 
and thorn!" 

He rubbed until the sockets filled with sparks; then 
he lowered his fists and held both arms tight 
against his sides in an attempt to calm himself by 
standing straight and breathing steady. His chest was still choked 
with adrenaline. Those California goddamned clowns, both smell- 
ing of patchouli oil, and cheap sweet wine, and an angry festering 
vindictiveness. Of threat, really. They reeked of threat. The older 
of the two, the blackbeard, had stopped the barking of M'kehla's 
pair of Great Danes with only a word. "Shut!" he had hissed, the 
sound slicing out from the side of his mouth. The dogs had imme- 
diately turned tail back to their bus. 

Deboree hadn't wanted to front the pair from the moment he 
saw them come sauntering in, all long hair and dust and multi- 
patched Levis, but Betsy was away with the kids up Fall Creek 
and it was either go down and meet them in the yard or let them 
saunter right on into the house. They had called him brother 
when he came down to greet them — an endearment that always 
made him watch out for his wallet — and the younger one had lit a 
stick of incense to wave around while they told their tale. They 
were brothers of the sun. They were on their way back to the 
Haight, coming from the big doings in Woodstock, and had decid- 
ed they'd meet the famous Devlin Deboree before going on south: 

"Rest a little, rap a little, maybe riff a little. Y'know what I'm 
saying, bro?" 

As Deboree listened, nodding, Stewart had trotted up carrying 
the broken bean pole. 

"Don't go for Stewart's stick, by the way." He addressed the 


younger of the pair, a blond-bearded boy with a gleaming milk-fed 
smile and new motorcycle boots. "Stewart's like an old drunk 
with his sticks. The more you throw it, the more lushed out he 

The dog dropped the stick between the new boots and looked 
eagerly into the boy's face. 

"For years I tried to break him of the habit. But he just can't 
help it when he sees certain strangers. I finally realized it was easi- 
er training the stick throwers than the stick chasers. So just ignore 
it, okay? Tell him no dice. Pretty soon he goes away." 

"Whatever," the boy had answered, smiling. "You heard the 
man, Stewart: no dice." 

The boy had kicked the stick away, but the dog had snagged it 
from the air and planted himself again before the boots. The boy 
did try to ignore it. He continued his description of the great scene 
at Woodstock, telling dreamily what a groove it had been, how 
high, how happy, how everybody there had been looking for Dev- 
lin Deboree: 

"You shoulda made it, man. A stone primo groove . . ." 

The dog grew impatient and picked up his stick and carried it to 
the other man, who was squatting in the grass on one lean 

"Just tell him no dice," Deboree said to the side of the man's 
head. "Beat it, Stewart. Don't pester the tourists." 

The other man smiled down at the dog without speaking. His 
beard was long and black and extremely thick, with the salt of age 
beginning to sprinkle around the mouth and ears. As his profile 
smiled, Deboree watched two long incisors grow from the black 
bramble of his mouth. The teeth were as yellow and broken as the 
boy's were perfect. This dude, Deboree remembered, had kept his 
face averted while they were shaking hands. He wondered if this 
was because he was self-conscious about his breath like a lot of 
people with bad teeth. 

"Well, anyway, what's happening, man? What's doing? All 
this?" Blondboy was beaming about at his surroundings. "Boss 
place you got here, this garden and trees and shit. I can see you 
are into the land. That's good, that's good. We're getting it togeth- 
er to get a little place outside of Petaluma soon as Bob here's old 
lady dies. Be good for the soul. Lot of work, though, right? Water- 
ing and feeding and taking care of all this shit?" 

"It keeps you occupied," Deboree had ventured. 

"Just the same," the boy rambled on, "you shoulda made it 
back there to Woodstock. Primo, that's the only word. Acres and 
acres of bare titty and good weed and outa sight music. Vibes, you 
get me?" 

"So I've heard," Deboree answered, nodding pleasantly at the 
boy. But he couldn't take his mind off the other hitchhiker. Black- 
beard shifted his weight to the other haunch, the movement delib- 
erate and restrained, careful not to disturb the dust that covered 
him. His face was deeply tanned and his hair tied back so the 
leathery cords in his neck could be seen working as he followed 
the dog's imploring little tosses of the stick. He was without 
clothes from the waist up but not unadorned. He wore a string of 
eucalyptus berries around his neck and tooled leather wristbands 
on each long arm. A jail tattoo— made, Deboree recognized, by 
two sewing needles lashed parallel at the end of a matchstick and 
dipped in india ink — covered his left hand: it was a blue-black spi- 
der with legs extending down all five fingers to their ragged nails. 
At his hip he carried a bone-handled skinning knife in a beaded 
sheath, and across his knotted belly a long scar ran diagonally 
down out of sight into his Levis. Grinning, the man watched 
Stewart prance up and down with the three-foot length of broken 
bean stake dripping in his mouth. 

"Back off, Stewart," Deboree commanded. "Leave this guy 

"Stewart don't bother me," the man said, his voice soft from 
the side of his mouth. "Everything gotta have its own trip." 

Encouraged by the soft voice, Stewart sank to his rump before 


46 OCTOBER 1979/ESQuire 





the man. This pair of motorcycle boots were old and scuffed. Un- 
like his partner's, these boots had tromped many a bike to life. 
Even now, dusty and still, they itched to kick. That itch hung in 
the air like the peacock's unsounded cry. 

Blondboy had become aware of the tenseness of the situation at 
last. He smiled and broke his incense and threw the smoking half 
into the quince bush. "Anyhow, you shoulda dug it," he said. 
"Half a million freaks in the mud and the music." He was beam- 
ing impishly from one participant to the other, from Deboree, to 
his partner, to the prancing dog, as he picked at his wide grin with 
the dyed end of the incense. "Half a million beautiful people . . ." 

They had all sensed it coming. Deboree had tried once more to 
avert it. "Don't pay him any mind, man. Just an old stick junkie," 
but it had been a halfhearted try, and Stewart was already drop- 
ping the stick. It had barely touched the dusty boot before the 
squatting man scooped it up and in the same motion sidearmed it 
into the grape arbor. Stewart bounded after it. 

"Come on, man," Deboree had pleaded. "Don't throw it for 
him. He goes through wire and thorns and gets all cut up." 

"Whatever you say," Blackbeard had replied, his face averted 
as he watched Stewart trotting back with the retrieved stake held 
high. "Whatever's right." Then had thrown it again as soon as 
Stewart dropped it, catching and slinging it all in one motion so 
fast and smooth that Deboree wondered if he hadn't been a pro- 
fessional athlete at a younger time, baseball or maybe boxing. 

This time the stick landed in the pigpen. Stewart flew between 
the top two strands of barbed wire and had the stick before it 
stopped cartwheeling. It was too long for him to jump back 
through the wire with. He circled the pigs lying in the shade of 
their shelter and jumped the wooden gate at the far end of the pen. 

"But, I mean, everything has got to have its trip, don't you 

Deboree had not responded. He was already feeling the adrena- 
line burn in his throat. Besides, there was no more to say. Black- 
beard stood up. Blondboy stepped close to his companion and 
whispered something at the hairy ear. All Devlin could make out 


was "Be cool, Bob. Remember what happened in Boise, Bob . . ." 

"Everything gotta live," Blackbeard had answered. "And ev- 
erything gotta give." 

Stewart skidded to a halt in the gravel. Blackbeard grabbed one 
end of the stick before the dog could release it, wrenching it vi- 
ciously from the animal's teeth. This time Deboree, moving with 
all the speed the adrenaline could wring from his weary limbs, had 
stepped in front of the hitchhiker and grabbed the other end of the 
stick before it could be thrown. 

"I said don't throw it." 

This time there was no averting the grin; the man looked 
straight at him. And Deboree had guessed right about the breath; 
it hissed out of the jagged mouth like a rotten wind: 

"I heard what you said, fagbutt." 

Then they had looked at each other, over the stick grasped at 
each end between them. Deboree forced himself to match the oth- 
er man's grinning glare with his own steady smile, but he knew it 
was only a temporary steadiness. He wasn't in shape for encoun- 
ters of this caliber. There was a seething accusation burning from 
the man's eyes, unspecified, undirected, but so furious that Deb- 
oree felt his will withering before it. Through the bean stake he 
felt that fury assail his very cells. It was like holding a high-volt- 
age terminal. 

"Everything gotta try," the man had said through his ragged 
grin, shuffling to get a better grip on his end of the stake with both 
leathery hands. "And everything gotta — " He didn't finish. Deb- 
oree had brought his free fist down, sudden and hard, and had 
chopped the stake in twain. Then, before the man could react, Deb- 
oree had turned abruptly from him and swatted Stewart on the 
rump. The dog had yelped in surprise and run beneath the barn. 

It had been a dramatic and successful maneuver. Both hitchhik- 
ers were impressed. Before they could recover, Deboree had point- 
ed across the yard with the jagged end of his piece and told them, 
"There's the trail to the Haight-Ashbury, guys. Vibe central." 

"Come on, Bob," Blondboy had said, sneering at Deboree. 
"Let's hit it. Forget him. He's gangrened. Like Leary and Lennon. 
All those high-rolling creeps. Gangrened. A power tripper." 

Blackbeard had looked at his end. It had broken off some inch- 
es shorter than Deboree's. He finally muttered, "Whatever's shak- 
in'," and turned on his heel. 


As he sauntered back the way he had come into the yard, he 
drew his knife. The blond boy hurried to take up his saunter be- 
side his partner, already murmuring and giggling up to him. 
Blackbeard stripped a long curving sliver of wood from his end of 
the stick with the blade of his knife as he walked. Another sliver 
followed, fluttering like a feather. 

Devlin had stood, hands on his hips, watching the chips fall 
from the broken stick. He had glared after them with raw eyes un- 
til they were well off the property. That was when he had hurried 
back up to his office to resume the search for his sunglasses. 

He heard the whine again, returning, growing 
louder. He opened his eyes and walked back to the 
window and parted the tie-dye curtains. The pink 
car had turned around and was 
coming back. Entranced, he 
watched it pass the driveway 
again, but this time it squealed 
to a stop, backed up, and 
turned in. It came keening and 
bouncing down the dirt road to- 
ward the barn. Finally he 
blinked, jerked the curtain 
closed, and sat heavily in his 
swivel chair. 

The car whirred to a stop in 
the gravel and mercifully cut its 
engine. He didn't move. Some- 
body got out, and a voice from 
the past shouted up at his of- 
fice: "Dev?" He'd let the cur- 
tain close too late. "Dev- 
linnnn?" it shouted. "Hey, you, 
Devlin Deboreeeee?" A sound 
half hysterical and half humor- 
ous, like that chick who lost her 
marbles in Mexico used to 
make, that Sandy Pawku. 

"Dev? I've got news. About 
Houlihan. Bad news. He's 
dead. Houlihan's dead." 

He tipped back in his chair 
and closed his eyes. He didn't 
question the announcement. 
The loss seemed natural, in 
keeping with the season and the 
situation, comfortable even, 
and then he thought, That's it! 
That's what the revolution has 
been doing lately to be honest. 

"Dev, are you up there? It's me, Sandy . . ." 

He pushed himself standing and walked to the window and 
drew back the curtain. He wiped his eyes and stuck his head into 
the blighted afternoon. Hazy as it was, the sunlight nevertheless 
seemed to be sharper than usual, harsher. The chrome of the little 
car gleamed viciously. Like the knife blade. 

"Houlihan," he said, blinking. The dust raised by the car was 
reaching the barn on its own small breeze. He felt it bring an actu- 
al chill. "Houlihan dead?" he said to the pink face lifted to him. 

"Of exposure," the voice rasped. 

"When? Recently?" 

"Yesterday. I just heard. I was in the airport in Oakland this 
morning when I ran into this little hippy chicky who knew me 
from Mountain View. She came up to the bar and advised me that 
the great Houlihan is now the late great. Yesterday, I guess. 
Chicky Little had just got off the plane from Puerto Sancto, where 
Houlihan had been staying with her and a bunch of her buddies. 
At a Villa right down the road from where we lived. Apparently 
the poor maniac was drinking and taking downers and walking 
around at night alone, miles from nowhere. He passed out on a 
railroad track between Sancto and Manzanillo, where he got fatal- 



ly chilled from the desert dew. Well, you know, Dev, how cold it 

can get down there after sunset . . ." 

It was Sandy Pawku all right, but what a change! Her once long 

brown hair had been cropped and chromed, plated with the rusty 

glint of the car's grill. She had put heavy eye makeup and rouge 

and lipstick on her face and, over the rest of her, had put on, he 

guessed, at least a hundred pounds. 

"Dead our hero of the Sixties is, Dewy, baby. Dead, dead, 

dead. Of downers and drunk and the foggy, foggy dew. O Hooly, 

Hooly, Hooly, you maniac. You goon. What did Kerouac call him 

in that book? The glorious goon?" 
"No. The Holy Goof." 
"I was flying to my aunt's cottage in Seattle for a little R and R, 

rest and writing, you dig? But that news in Oakland — I thought: 

'Wonder if Dev and the Animal 
Friends have heard? Probably 
not.' So when the plane stopped 
in Eugene, I remember about 
this commune I hear you all got 
and I decide, 'Sandy, Old Man 
Deboree would want to know.' 
So Sandy, she cashes in the rest 
of her ticket and rents a car and 
here she is, thanks to Mr. Mas- 
ter Charge, Mr. Hughes, and 
Mr. Avis. Say, is one supposed 
to drive these damn tricks in 
Dl, D2, or L? Isn't L for driv- 
ing in the light and D for driv- 
ing in the dark?" 

"You drove that thing all the 
way here from the airport in 
low gear?" 

"Might have." She laughed, 
slapping the flimsy hood with a 
hand full of jeweled fingers. 
"Right in amongst those log 
trucks and eighteen-wheelers, 
me and my pinkster, roaring 
with the loudest of them." 
"I'll bet." 

"When it started to smoke, I 
compromised with Dl. God- 
damn it, I mean them damn 
manufacturers — but listen to 
me rationalizing. I probably 
wrecked it, didn't I? To tell the 
truth? Be honest, Sandy. Christ 
knows you could use a little 
honesty." She rubbed the back 


of her neck and looked away from him, back the way she had 
come. "Oh God, what is happening? Houlihan kacked. Pigpen 
killed by a chicken shit liver; Terry the Tramp snuffed by spades. 
Ol' Sandy herself nearly down for the count a dozen times." She 
began walking to and fro in the gravel. "Man, I have been going in 
circles, bummer nowhere circles, you know what I mean? Weird 
shit. I mean, hey: I just wasted a dog on the road back there!" 

He knew he must have responded, said, "Oh?" or "Is that 
right?" or something, because she had kept talking. 

"Old bitch it was, with a yardful of pups. Whammed her good." 
Sandy came around the front of the car and opened the right 
door. She tipped the pink seat forward and began hauling match- 
ing luggage out of the back and arranging it on the gravel, all the 
while relating vividly how she had come around a bend and run 
over a dog sleeping in the road. Right in the road. A farmwife had 
come out of her house at the commotion and had dragged the 
broken animal out of the culvert where it had crawled howling. 
The farmwife had felt its spine and then sentenced it to be put out 
of its misery. At her repeated — Text continued on page 49 

commands her teenage son had finally fetched the shotgun from 
the house. 

"The kid was carrying on such a weeping and wailing, he 
missed twice. The third time, he let go with both barrels and blew 
bitch bits all over the lawn. The only thing they wanted from me 
was six bits apiece for the bullets. I asked if they took credit 
cards." She laughed. "When I left, goddamn me if the pups wer- 
en't playing with the pieces." 

She laughed again. He remembered hearing the shots. He knew 
the family and the dog, a deaf spaniel, but he didn't say anything. 
Shading his eyes, he watched this swollen new version of the skin- 
ny Sandy of his past bustle around the luggage below him, laugh- 
ing. Even her breath seemed to have gained weight, husking out of 
her throat with an effort. Swollen. Her neck where she had rubbed 
it, her wrists, her back, all swollen. But her weight actually rode 
lightly, defiantly, like a chip on her shoulder. In her colored shoes 
and stretch pants and a silk Hawaiian shirt pulled over her 
paunch, she looked like a Laguna Beach roller derby queen, he 
thought, just arriving at the rink. She looks primed, he thought. 
Like the hitchhiker: an argument rigged to go off at the slightest 
touch. The thought of another confrontation left him weak and 

M'kehla's Great Danes discovered her in the yard and came 
barking. Sandy sliced at them with her pink plastic handbag. "Get 
away from me, you big suckers. You smell that other mutt on my 
wheels? You want the same treatment? Damn, they are big, aren't 
they? Get them back, can't you?" 

"Their big is worse than their bite," he told her and shouted at 
the dogs to go home to their bus. They paid no attention. 

"What the shit, Deboree?" She sliced and swung. "Can't you 
get your animals to mind?" 

"They aren't mine," he explained over the din. "M'kehla left 
them here while he went gallivantin' to Woodstock with every- 
body else." 

"Goddamn you suckers, back off]" Sandy roared. The dogs 
hesitated, and she roared louder. "Off I Off] Clear off I" They 
shrunk back. Sandy hooted gleefully and kicked gravel after them 
until they broke into a terrified dash. Sandy gave chase, hooting 
their retreat all the way to the bus, out of his view. 

The ravens were flying again. The sun was still slicing a way 
through the impacted smoke. The radio was playing "Good Vi- 
brations," by The Beach Boys. Back in the yard below, at her lug- 
gage, Sandy was humming along, her hysteria calmed by her vic- 
tory over the dogs. She found the bag she had been searching for, 
the smallest in a six-piece set that looked brand-new. She opened 
it and took out a bottle of pills. Deboree watched as she shook out 
at least a dozen. She threw the whole handful into her mouth and 
began digging again into the case for something to wash them 
down with. 

"Ol' Thandy'th been platheth and theen thingth thinth Mexi- 
co," she told him, trying to keep all the pills in her mouth and 
bring him up to date at the same time. Seen lots of water under 
the bridges, she let him know, sometimes too much. Bridges 
washed out. Washed out herself a time or two, she told him. Got 
pretty mucked up. Even locked up. But with the help of some 
ritzy doctors and her rich daddy, she'd finally got bailed out and 
got set up being half owner of a bar in San Juan Capistrano; then 
become a drunk, then a junkie, then a blues singer ncwprofession- 
al; found Jesus, and Love, and Another Husband — "Minithter of 
the Univerthal Church of Latterday Thonthabitcheth!" — then got 
p.g., got an abortion, got disowned by her family, and got di- 
vorced; then got depressed, as he could well understand, and put 
on a little weight, as he could see; then — Sunday; now — was look- 
ing for a place where a gal might lie back for a while. 

"A plathe to read and write and take a few barbth to mellow 
out," she said through the pills. 

"A few!" he said, remembering her old barbiturate habit. 
"That's no 'few.' " The thought of having more than one carcass 
to dispose of alarmed him finally into protest. "Damn you, Sandy, 




if you up and O.D. on me now so help me — " 

She held up her hand. "Vitamin theeth. Croth my heart." Paw- 
ing through a boil of lingerie, she at last had found the silver flask 
she had been seeking. She unscrewed the lid and threw back her 
head. He watched her neck heave as the pills washed down. She 
wiped her mouth with her forearm and laughed up at him. 

"Don't worry, Granny," she said. "Just some innocent little vita- 
mins. Even the dandy Sandy of old never took that many downers 
at once. She might someday though. Never can tell. Who the hell 
knows what anybody's gonna do this year? It's the year of the 
downer, you know, so, who knows? Just let it roll by . . ." She re- 
turned the flask to the suitcase and snapped it shut. Rayon and Or- 
ion scalloped out all around like a piecrust to be trimmed. "Now. 
Where does Sandy take a wee-wee and wash out her Kotex?" 

He pointed, and she went humming off to the corner of the 
barn. The big dogs came to the door of their bus and growled after 
her. Deboree watched as she ducked under the clothesline and 
turned the corner. He heard the door slam behind her. 

He stayed at the window, feeling there was more to be revealed. 
Everything was so tense and restrained. The wash hung tense in 
the smoky air, like strips of jerky. The peacock, his glorious fan 
molted to a dingy remnant of his springtime elegance, stepped out 
of the quince bush where he had been visiting his mate and flew to 
the top of one of the clothesline poles. Deboree thought the bird 
would make his cry when he reached the top, but he didn't. He 
perched atop the pole and bobbed his head this way and that at 
the end of his long neck, as though gauging the tension. After 
watching the peacock for a while, he let the curtain close and 
moved from the window back to his desk; he too found he could 
be content to let it roll by without resolution. 

Over the radio The Doors were demanding that it be brought 
"on through to the other side." Wasn't Morrison dead? He 
couldn't remember. All he could be sure of was that it was 1969 
and the valley was filled to the foothills with smoke as 300,000 
acres of stubble were burned so lawn-seed buyers in subdivisions 
in California wouldn't have to weed a single interloper from their 
yards. Tremendous. 

The bathroom door slammed again. He heard the plastic heels 
crunch past below; one of M'kehla's dogs followed, barking tenta- 
tively. The dog followed the steps around the other corner, bark- 
ing in a subdued and civilized voice. The bitch Great Dane, he 
recognized. Pedigreed. She had barked last night, too. Out in the 
field. Betsy had got out of bed and shouted up the stairs at him to 
go check what was the matter out there. He hadn't gone. Was that 


J 1 

what offed the lamb? One of M'kehla's Great Danes? He liked to 
think so. It made him pleasantly angry to think so. Just like a 
Marin County spade to own two blond Great Danes and go off 
and leave them marooned. Too many strays. Somebody should go 
down to that bus and boot some pedigreed ass. But he remained 
seated, seeking fortification behind his desk, and turned up the 
music against the noise. Once he heard a yelping as Sandy ran the 
bitch back to the bus. Sometimes a little breeze would open the 
curtain and he could see the peacock still sitting on the clothesline 
pole, silently bobbing his head. Eventually he heard the steps re- 
turn, enter the barn below, and find the wooden stairs. They 
mounted briskly and crossed the floor of the loft. Sandy came 
through his door without knocking. 

"Some great place, Dev," she said. "Funky but great. Sandy 
gave herself the tour. You got places for everything, don't you? 
For pigs and chickens and everything. Places to wee-wee, places 
to eat, places to write letters." 

Deboree saw the pitch coming but couldn't stop her chatter. 

"Look, I blew the last of my airplane ticket to Seattle renting 
that pink panther because I knew you'd want Sandy to bring you 
the sad news in person. No, that's all right, save the thanksies. No 
need. She does need, though, a little place to write some letters. 
Seriously, Dev, I saw a cabin down by the pond with paper and 
envelopes and everything. How about Sandy uses that cabin a day 
or so? To write a letter to her dear mother and her dear probation 
officer and her dear ex et cetera. Also maybe catch up on her jour- 
nal. Hey, I'm writing up our Mexico campaign for a rock V roll 
rag. Are you ready for thatl" 

He tried to explain to her that the pond cabin was a meditation 
chapel, not some Camp David for old campaigners to compile 
their memoirs. Besides, he had planned to use it tonight. She 
laughed, told him not to worry. 

"I'll find me a harbor for tonight. Then we'll see." 

He stayed at his desk. Chattering away, Sandy prowled his of- 
fice until she found the shoe box and proceeded to clean and roll 
the last of his grass. He still didn't want to smoke; not until he was 
finished dealing with that dead lamb. When he shook his head at 
the offered joint, she shrugged and smoked it all, explaining in de- 
tail how she would refill his box to overflowing with the scams she 
had cooking in town this afternoon, meeting so-and-so at such and 
such to barter this and that. He couldn't follow it. He felt flat- 
tened before her steamrolling energy. Even when she dropped the 
still-lit roach from the window to the dry grass below, he was un- 
able to make any but the feeblest protest. 

"Careful of fire around the barn?" She whooped, bending over 
him. "Why, Mistah Deboree, if you ain't getting to be the fussy 







little farmer." She clomped to the door and opened it. "So. San- 
dy's making a run. Anything you need from town? A new type- 
writer? A better radio — how can you listen to good music on that 
Jap junk? A super Swiss Army? Ho ho. Just tell Sandy Claus. 

She stood in the opened door, waiting. He swiveled in his chair, 
but he didn't get up. He looked at her fat grin. He knew what she 
was waiting for. The question. He also knew better than to ask it. 
Better to let it slide than encourage any relationship by seeming 
curious. But he was curious, and she was waiting, grinning at him, 
and he finally had to ask it: 

"Did he, uh, say anything, Sandy?" His voice was thick in his 

The black eyes glistened at him from the doorway. "You mean, 
don'cha, were there any, uh, last words? Any sentences commuted, 
any parting wisdoms'? Why, as a matter of fact, in the hospital, it 
seems; before he went into a coma, he did rally a moment and now 
wait, let me see . . ." 

She was gloating. His asking had laid his desperation naked. 
She grinned. There he sat, Deboree, the Guru Gung Ho with his 
eyes raw, begging for some banner to carry on with, some com- 
forter of last-minute truth quilted by old Holy Goof Houlihan, a 
wrap against the chilly chaos to come. 

"Well yep our little hippy chick did mention that he said a few 
words before he died on that Mexican mattress," she said. "And 
isn't that irony for you? It's that same ratty Puerto Sancto clinic 
where Behema had her kid and Mickey had his broken leg where- 
in our dear Hooly died, of pneumonia and exposure and downers. 
Come on! Don'cha think that is pretty stinking ironic?" 

"What were they?" 

The eyes glistened. The grin wriggled in its nest of fat. "He 
said — if Sandy's memory serves — said, I think it was: 'Sixty-four 
thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight.' Quite a legacy, don'cha 
think? A number, a stinking number!" She hooted, slapping her 
hips. "Sixty-four thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight! Sixty- 
four thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight! The complete 
cooked-down essence of the absolute burned-out speed freak: six- 
ty-four thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight! Huhwoow woow 

She left without closing the door, laughing, clacking down the 
steps and across the gravel. The injured machine whined pitifully 
as she forced it back out the drive. 

\JjLL^Jli<JOLl only rare European Oak has the character to 
gentle and mature our Chardonnay, we are cradling our Chardonnay in these 
handmade casks until the day the winemaker judges it ready for release. 
Every step we take, we take with care because ' I J Tr -, \V£ V TT -, T) ri /i 

The Wine Remembers 

The Winery Q 
Ernest & Julio 


Expected release 

So now observe him, after the lengthy preparation 
just documented (it had been actually three days 
and was going on four nights), finally confronting 
his task in the field: Old Man Deboree, desperate and dreary, with 
his eyes naked to the smoky sun, striding across the unbroken 
ground behind a red wheelbarrow. Face bent earthward, he 
watches the field pass beneath his shoes and nothing else, trusting 
the one-wheeled machine to lead him to his destination. 

Like Sandy's neck, he fancies himself swollen with an unspeci- 
fied anger, a great smoldering of unlaid blame that longed to 
bloom to a great blaze. Could he but fix it on a suitable culprit. 
Searching for some target large enough to take his fiery blame, he 
fixes again on California. That's where it comes from, he decides. 
Like those two weirdo prickhikers, and Sandy Pawku, and the 
Oakland hippy chick who must have been one of that Oakland 
bunch of pillheads who lured Houlihan back down to Mexico last 
month ... all from California! It all started in California, went 
haywire in California, and now spreads out from California like a 
crazy tumor under the hide of the whole continent. Woodstock. 
Big time. Craziness waxing fat. Craziness surviving and prosper- 
ing and gaining momentum while the Fastestmanalive downs 
himself dead without any legacy left behind but a psycho's cipher. 
Even those Great Danes — from California! 

The wheelbarrow reaches the ditch. He raises his head. He still 
cannot see the carcass. Turning down into the ditch, he pushes on 
toward the place where the three ravens whirl, cursing in and out 
of the tall weeds. 

"Afternoon, gents. Sorry about the interruption." 

The birds circle, railing at his approach. The wheel of the bar- 
row is almost on top of the lamb before Deboree sees it. He is 
amazed at the elegance of the thing lying before him: a rich gar- 
ment, not black at all, not nearly, more the reddish brown of dev- 
il's food cake. A little chocolate lambie cake, served for some little 
prince's birthday on a tray of purple vetch, garlanded with clover 
blossoms, decorated with elegant swirls and loops of red ant trails 
and twinkling all over with yellow jackets, like little candles. He 
blows them out with a wave of his hat. The three ravens swoop 
away to take up positions on the three nearest fence posts. Black 
wings outspread, they watch in imperious silence as Deboree flaps 
the ants away and bends to inspect the carcass: 

"What got him, gents? Any ideas?" Betsy was right; not a tooth 
mark to be found. Maybe the dogs were running him and he 
tripped in the ditch and broke his neck. "He looks too healthy to 
just up and die, don't you birds think?" 

The ravens rock from foot to foot and advance no theories. 
They are so righteously disgruntled that Deboree has to smile at 
them. He considers leaving the carcass where it is on the ground, 
to be attended to by the ravens and bees and ants and the rest of 
Nature's undertakers. Then he hears the mother bleating again 
from the ash grove where Betsy tethered her. 

"I guess not. No sense in agony for ecology's sake. I'm gonna 
have to bury him, boys, to get him off his mom's mind. You can 
sympathize . . ." 

Not in the slightest, the ravens make it clear as soon as they see 
their rightful spoils being lifted into the wheelbarrow. They rise 
from their separate posts, beating the air with their wings and call- 
ing. They flap into a circling formation above the wheelbarrow, 
calling together in perfect cadence as they follow all the way 
through the pasture to the swamp at the other end of the seventy 
acres. Sometimes the circle rises higher than the cottonwood tops, 
so their continual rain of abuse sounds almost musical in the dis- 
tance. Other times they circle close enough that Deboree could 
have swatted them with the spade. 

He picks a shady spot under an overhanging oak and sticks the 
spade into the dirt. It's clay: mud in winter, baked concrete in 
summer. It would be easier digging up by the pond, but he likes it 
here. It's hidden and cool. The arms of the old scrub oak are cere- 
moniously draped with long gray-green shrouds of Spanish moss. 




The pinched, dry oak leaves are motionless. Even the ravens have 
abandoned their raucous tirade and are watching in silence from a 
branch in the tallest of the cottonwoods. 

He hangs his hat on an oak stob and sets to digging, furiously 
now that he has chosen the site, hacking and stamping and chop- 
ping at the mat of clay and roots until his lungs wheeze and the 
dust runs off his face in gullies of sweat. He finally wipes his eyes 
with the hem of his shirt and stands back from the simple black 
basin. "Ought to be deeper if we want to keep the foxes from 
smelling it and digging it up." He looks down into the hole, pant- 
ing and shaking so violently that he has to support himself with 
the shovel. "But then, on the other hand," he decides, "it's deep 
enough for folk music, as they say," and tips the corpse into the 
hole. To make it fit he has to bend the front legs back against the 
chest and force the hind legs together. It looks actually cute this 
way, he concedes, a kid's woolly doll. Hardly used. Just have to 
sew on a couple of bright new buttons for eyes, be good as new. 

Then the trembling starts to get worse. This must be how they 
begin, he thinks. Freak-outs. Breakdowns. Crack-ups. Eventually 
shut-ins and finally cross-offs. But first the cover-up must be ob- 

He spoons the earth back into the hole over the little animal 
much slower than he had dug it out. He can feel that he has blis- 
tered both hands. He wishes he'd remembered to bring his gloves. 
He wishes Sandy hadn't smoked his last joint. He wishes he had 
his glasses. Most of all, he wishes he'd thought to bring some liq- 
uid relief. His throat is on fire. There is water back up at the stock 
tub, a short walk away, but water isn't enough. There are fires in 
more than the throat that need attention. And no hope in the 
house. Why hadn't he driven to the liquor store in Creswell before 
he started this flight? Always good to have a parachute. Never 
know when something unexpected might pop up, throw the best 
flier into a tailspin. He closes his eyes and frowns, examining the 
possibilities. No alcohol. No downers, no tranquilizers, no pre- 
scription pain-killers even. All went with the main troops on the 
Woodstock campaign. Not even any Burgundy left at the house 
and Betsy still off with the only working vehicle. 

In short, no parachutes nowhere. 

He begins to shudder uncontrollably, his teeth chattering. He's 
afraid he is having a stroke or a seizure. They run in the family, 
fits. Uncle Nathan Whittier had a seizure slopping the hogs in Ar- 
kansas, fell into the sty, and the hogs ate him. No hogs here, just 
those ravens up there and these still oaks and, over there, in an- 
other little glade only a dozen yards deeper into the swamp, atop a 
stump in a beam of smoky sunlight, by the Grace of God, a gallon 
of red wine? Burgundy? From the heavens a bottle of Burgundy? 

He drops the spade and reels through the branches and banners 
of moss until he has the bottle in his hands. It is a wine bottle, 
cheap Gallo to be sure but still half full and cool in the shady bot- 
tom air. He unscrews the top and upends the bottle and drinks in 


long swallows until he loses his equilibrium and has to lower his 
head. He turns around and sits on the stump until he catches his 
balance, then tips his head back for the bottle again. He doesn't 
stop swallowing until his lungs demand it. There is less than a 
fourth remaining after his unbroken guzzle, and he can feel the 
liquid already spreading through his body's knotted thorough- 
fares, already bringing relief. 

It's only then that he notices that it is not a light, dry 12-per- 
cent Burgundy after all but a syrupy sweet 18-percent wino port 
with a bouquet just like he'd smelled out of Blackbeard's mouth a 
couple of hours back. He looks around and sees two raggedy bed- 
rolls, a World War I shoulder pack, and the remains of a small 
fire. There is a dog-eared pile of underground comics beside one 
bedroll and a copy of On the Road. In the other bedroll's area lies 
a pile of shavings, idly whittled slivers, some as thin as the fallen 
cottonwood leaves. 

"So this is why they were up the road from this direction, not 
down from the highway direction like every other pilgrim. Ass- 
hole, bum . . ." 

But there is no heat in the curse. He tips up the bottle again, 
more thoughtfully now, and somewhat curious. Maybe they're 
more than bums. 

"Team," he says to the ravens, "I think we ought to put a stake- 
out on these assholes." 

The birds don't disagree. They seem to have already begun the 
vigil, hunching their heads deep into their black breasts and set- 
tling down on their limbs in the smoky air. Deboree picks up the 
paperback and the stack of comics and retreats to the wheelbar- 
row, his finger still hooked in the gallon's glass handle. He selects 
a blackberry patch about twenty steps from the camp and bores 
into the brambles from behind, using the wheelbarrow as a plow 
and the spade like a machete until he has cleared a comfortable 
observation post in the center of the thorny vines. He tilts the 
wheelbarrow up and packs it with the Spanish moss from an over- 
hanging oak limb until the rusty old bucket is as comfortable as 


any easy chair. He settles into his nest, arranging the leaves in 
front of his face so he can easily see out without having to touch 
the vines, and takes another long drink of the sweet wine. 

The shadows climb slowly up the tree trunks. The ravens de- 
sert, squawking off to their respective roosts after a disappointing 
day. The air turns a deeper red as the sun, dropping to the hori- 
zon, has even more smoke to penetrate. The wine goes down as 
the Checkered Demon and Mr. Natural and the Furry Freak 
Brothers flip past his eyes. At last there is only an inch left and the 
Kerouac book. He's read it three times. Years ago. Before heading 
off to California. Hoping to sign on in some way, to join that joy- 
ous voyage, like thousands of other volunteers inspired by the 
same book, and its vision, and, of course, its incomparable hero. 

Like all the other young candidates for beatitude, he had 
prowled North Beach's famous hangouts — City Lights, The 
Place, The Coffee Gallery, The Bagel Shop — hoping to catch a 
glimpse of that lightning-minded character that Kerouac had 
called Dean Moriarty in On the Road and that John Clellon 
Holmes had named Hart Kennedy in Go, maybe even to eaves- 
drop on one of his high-octane hipalogues, perhaps even get a 
chance to be a big-eyed passenger on one of his wild rapping runs 
around the high spots of magic San Francisco. But he had never 
imagined much more, certainly not the jackpot of associations 
that followed, the trips, the adventures, the near disasters, and, 
worse danger, the near successes that almost put Houlihan on- 
stage. Houlihan was Lenny Bruce, Jonathan Winters, and Lord 
Buckley all together just for starters. He couldn't have helped but 
been a hit. But a nightclub format would have pinched his free-fly- 
ing mind, and no stage in the world could have really accommo- 
dated his art — his hurtling, careening, corner-squealing commen- 
tary on the cosmos — except the stage he built about himself the 
moment he slid all quick and sinewy under the steering wheel of a 
good car; the bigger, the boatier, the more American, the better. 
The glow of the dash was his footlights, the slash of oncoming 
sealed beams was his spots. And now, and now, and now the act is 
over. No more would that rolling theater ever come bouncing and 
steaming and blaring rhythm and blues and Houlihan hoopla up 
the drive all full of speed and plans and hammering hearts. 

For now, now, now, the son of a bitch is dead! 

And, with the last inch of wine lifted in a salute before finishing 
it, Deboree begins to weep. It is not a sweet grief, but bitter and 
bleak. He tries to stop it. He opens the familiar Kerouac paper- 
back, looking for some passage that will wash out that bitter burn, 
but the tears won't let him focus. It's getting dark. He closes the 
book and his eyes both and enters again the library of his memory, 
looking under H. Looking for Houlihan, Hero, High Priest of the 
Highway, Hammer-tosser, Head-twister, Hoper Springing Eter- 
nally. Or maybe not so. Now it is the disciple, looking and hoping, 
hoping to ward off the circling heralds of desolation with some 
kind of gallant scarecrow stuffed with the records showing just 
who this wondrous Houlihan was, what his frenetic life had 
meant, stood for, died for. Hoping to stave off the mockery of his 
hero's senseless death and to buttress himself against those bleak 
digits (64,928!) by checking out a collection of inspirational Houli- 
han aphorisms (Six four nine two eight: the complete works of an- 
other one of those Best Minds of Their Generation!), anecdotes, 

But the section is empty. The H shelf has been stripped. The 
works all recalled, out of print, confiscated as invalid in the light 
of Latest Findings. Deboree laughs aloud at his library metaphor 
and finds his throat dried almost hard. He drinks the last of the 
wine as though he is fighting a brush fire. "Year of the downer," 
he says, speaking up through the little arch of berry vines, watch- 
ing the last rays of the rusty sun fade from the tops of the cotton- 
woods, staring until the last smolder has drifted away and the 
wine has carried him back into the forlorn stacks and shelves of 
his memory. This time he finds a slim volume — not under H at all 
but under L — about the time Houlihan the famous Fastestmana- 
live met the renowned Stanford — Text continued on page 59 


Strongman, Lars Dolf, and lost to Dolf in man-to-man charismat- 
ic warfare. Under L, for losing . . . 

During the late Fifties and early Sixties, these two 
giants had towered over the budding Bay Area rev- 
olutionaries. Both men were titans of their own 
special and singular philosophies. Owing to his appearance as a 
hero in a number of nationally distributed novels, Houlihan's rep 
was the greater, the more widespread. But in his own area, Lars 
Dolf was Houlihan's equal. Everybody that had any touch with 
the hip life on the peninsula had heard of Lars. And because of his 
Bay Area proselytizing for a Buddhist seminary, many had met 
him personally and all were in awe of his soft-spoken power. 

One spring partying evening, Lars Dolf had dropped into the 
Deboree house, across the street from the Stanford golf course. 
Dolf claimed he had heard of Devlin, and he wanted to meet him, 
and he was open to invitations, especially concerning wine. Deb- 
oree saw immediately that they were due to argue — it was in the 
way the man placed his feet — and passed him the bottle. 

It was first over art. Lars was an unknown painter, and Deb- 
oree could match him that in the field of writing. Then over phi- 
losophy. Lars was a graying, wine-torn Zen beatnik champ, and 
young Devlin was a psychedelic challenger with a higher-than- 
wine insinuation. And, eventually, naturally, over the much more 
ancient and basic issue: physical prowess. This category happened 
to be Devlin's strong point during that time. He was driving three 
times a week to The Olympic Club in San Francisco, hoping to 
represent the United States in freestyle wrestling in the upcoming 
Olympics. Lars was also the bearer of such laurels: the All-Ameri- 
can Stanford linebacker dropout Kraut. Tales about him were 
many. The most memorable and oft repeated described him taking 
on a truckful of Mexican artichoke pickers at a Columbus Day 
picnic in Pescadero and fighting them to their own national stand- 
off; when local deputies stopped the battle and an ambulance driv- 
er examined Lars, the broken points of three Tijuana switchblades 
were found sticking out of his great round shoulders. 

Deboree can't remember who started the contests that day on 
the Lane. Probably he himself, with one of the trick feats he had 
learned from his father, probably going through the broom so sup- 
plely that Lars Dolf didn't even uncross his legs to try. Then, as 
he recalls it, the spotlight was wrested from Devlin by his brother 
Bud, who was down from Oregon for some culture. Buddy went 
through the broom both forward and backward, which Devlin 
never had been able to do. It was Buddy who started the Indian 

Standing palm to palm and instep to instep, Buddy flipped 
through one after the other of the gang of awkward grad students, 
besting them each so easily that he became embarrassed with his 
one-sided victories and was about to turn the center ring back to 
Deboree (who hadn't challenged him; the Indian-wrestling issue 
had long before and many times been decided between the broth- 
ers; Devlin was heavier and older and longer reached) when Lars 
Dolf spoke from his lotus position near the wine: 

"Ex-cuse me. May . . . I . . . try?" 

He remembers the way Lars spoke, deliberately slow and sim- 
ple. He always addressed a listener in odd, singsong phrases that 
might have seemed retarded but for the twinkle behind his tiny 
eyes. That and the fact that he had been an honor student in 
mathematics before he left the Leland Stanford Jr. Farm for 
North Beach. 

Now, observe Buddy and Buddha standing there in the middle 
of a 1962 beer-and-bongos council ring. Observe Buddy, blushing 
and grinning, enjoying his prowess at the game not out of any 
sense of competitiveness but out of playfulness, playing only, as all 
their family had been raised to play, for fun; win, lose, or chicken 
out. And now see standing opposite Buddy this opponent of en- 
tirely different breed, hardly seeming part of the same species, in 
fact seeming more mechanical than animal, with legs like pistons, 
chest like a boiler, close-cropped head like a pink cannonball set 
with two twinkling bluesteel bearings, planting a bare foot beside 
Buddy's and offering a chubby doll-pink hand: 

"Shall . . . we . . . try?" 

Buddy took the hand. They braced, waited the unspoken length 
of decorum, then Buddy heaved. The squat form didn't budge. 
Buddy heaved the opposite direction. Still no movement. Buddy 
drew a quick breath for another heave but instead found himself 
sailing across the room, into the wall, leaving the impression of his 
shoulder and head in the particle board. 

Lars Dolf had not seemed to move. He stood, grinning, as inert 
and immobile and, despite the expression on his round face, as hu- 
morless as a fireplug. Buddy stood up, shaking his head. 

"Dang," he marveled. "That was something." 

"Care to try . . . again?" 

And again his brother was sent flying to the wall, and again and 
again, each time getting up and coming back to take the pink 
hand without any kind of anger or chagrin or hurt pride but with 
Buddy's usual curiosity. Any marvel of the physical world inter- 
ested Buddy, and this squat mystery tossing him to and fro abso- 
lutely fascinated him. 

"Dang. Something else. Let me try that again . . ." 

What the mystery was, Deboree couldn't see. Squat or not, Dolf 
still probably outweighed Buddy by close to a hundred pounds. 

"He's just got too much meat and muscle on you, Bud," Deb- 
oree had said, his voice testy. He didn't like the way his little 
brother was being tossed around. 

"It isn't the weight," Buddy answered, panting a little as he got 
up to take his stance before Dolf again. "And it isn't the muscle, 
exactly . . ." 

"It's where a man . . . thinks from," Dolf explained, grinning 
back at Buddy. There didn't seem to be any hostility coming from 
him, or any cruelty, but Deboree wished they would stop. "When 
a man thinks from . . . here" — incredibly sudden the pink hand 
shot out, one bullet-blunt finger extended. It stopped less than a 
quarter inch from poking a hole between Buddy's eyes — "instead 
of here" — his other hand came forward from the hip in a hard fist, 
right at Buddy's belt buckle, this time stopping even nearer and 
opening, like a gentle flower, to spread over Buddy's solar plex- 
us — "he is of course . . . unbalanced. Like a Coca-Cola bottle . . . 
balanced mouth-to-mouth with another Coke bottle: too much 
weight above . . . and below . . . and no connection in the middle. 
See . . . what I mean? A man must have balance, like a haiku." 

It had been too pompous for Deboree to let pass. "What I see is 
less like poetry and more like ninety pounds Buddy is giving 

"Then you try him," Buddy had challenged. "I'm curious to see 
how you do, hotshot, giving away only maybe a third of that." 

The moment he took Lars Dolf's hand he had understood Bud- 
dy's curiosity. Though he knew the round little form still had the 
advantage by perhaps two dozen pounds, he could feel immediate- 
ly that the difference was not one of weight. Nor was it speed; dur- 
ing his last three seasons on the Oregon team, Deboree had been 
able to tell within the first few seconds of the opening round 
whether his opponent had the jump on him. And this man's reac- 
tions were almost slothlike compared to those of a collegiate wres- 
tler. The difference was in a kind of ungodly strength. He remem- 
bers thinking, as Dolf snatched him from the floor with a flick of 
his forearm and hurled him through the air into a crowd of awe- 
struck undergraduates watching from the daybed, bongos mute in 
their laps, that this was what it would be like to Indian-wrestle a 
250-pound ant. 

Like his brother, Deboree had risen and returned to battle with- 
out any sense of shame or defeat. To take the hand, to be thrown 
again and again and return again and again, more out of amaze- 
ment and curiosity than any sense of masculine combativeness. 

"It's where you think from, do you begin to see? The eye that 
seeks the lotus . . . never sees the lotus. Only the search can it see. 
The eye that searches for nothing . . . finds . . . the garden in full 
bloom. Desire in the head . . . makes a hollow in the center . . . 
makes a man . . . ahm!" — as he threw Deboree into the particle 
board wall, with its growing array of dents and craters — "unbal- 

When Lars Dolf left after that evening, he took three of the un- 
dergraduates back to the city with him — two psychology majors 
and a frat boy who had not yet settled on a field — to enroll them 



in the Buddhist seminary on Jackson Street, never mind that 
spring term at Stanford was only two weeks short of over. Deb- 
oree himself was so impressed that he was half considering such a 
transfer until Lars informed him that the sutra classes began at 
four in the morning six days a week. He decided to stick it out at 
the writing seminar instead, which met only three times a week, 
and at three in the afternoon, and over coffee and cookies. But, 
like his brother and everyone else, he had been awestruck. And 
Lars Dolf had reigned as the undisputed phenomenon of the pe- 
ninsula until the next fall, when a Willys Jeep with a transmission 
blown from driving it too far too fierce too fast had brought Hou- 
lihan into his yard and his life. 

The famous Houlihan. With his bony Irish face dancing contin- 
ually and simultaneously, through a dozen expressions, his sky- 
blue eyes flirting up from under long lashes, and with his reputa- 
tion and his unstoppable rap, Houlihan became a sensation 
around the Stanford bongo circuit before the tortured Jeep had 
hardly stopped steaming. He was a curiosity easily equal to Lars 
Dolf in charisma and character and, without the heavy-handed 
oriental dogma, a lot more fun to be around. 

There were, in fact, no real similarities between the two men. 
But comparisons could not be avoided. As fast as Dolf was phleg- 
matic, as sinewy and animated as Dolf was thick and stolid, poor 
Houlihan was matched with the Buddhist Bull before he was even 
aware of an opponent's existence. By mid-fall term, all the talk in 
the hip Palo Alto coffeehouses was about the latest Houlihan 
blitz: how he had climbed on stage during Allen Ginsberg's read- 
ing in Dinkelspiel Auditorium, without a shirt or shoes, carrying a 
flashlight in one hand and a flyswatter in the other, to stalk invisi- 
ble scurriers about the podium: "Maybe so, Ginsy, but I saw the 
best mice of my generation destroyed by good ol' American grit 
there's one take that you rodent you oop only winged 'em there he 
goes anyhow you were saying? Don't let me interrupt"; how he 
had talked the San Mateo deputy sheriff into giving his stalled se- 
dan a jump start instead of a speeding ticket after being pulled 
over on Bayshore, and, so persuasive and brain-boggling was Hou- 
lihan's rap, got away with the cop's cables in the bargain; how he 
had seduced the lady psychiatrist who had been sent by a dis- 
traught and wealthy Atherton mother to save a daughter de- 
ranged by five days living in the back of the family's station wagon 
with this maniac, and the mother who had sent her when they all 
got back to Atherton, and the nurse the family had hired to pro- 
tect the daughter from further derangement. Usually, eventually, 
these coffeehouse tales of Houlihan's heroics were followed by 
conjecture about future feats and finally, inevitably, about the 
meeting of the two heroes: 

"Wonder if Houlihan'll be able to mess with Lars Dolf 's mind 
like that? Should they ever lock horns, I mean ..." 

Deboree saw the historic encounter. It took place in the drive- 
way of a tall, dark-browed, spectral law student named Felix 
Rommel, who claimed to be the grandson of the famous German 
general. No one had given much credence to the claim until a 
huge crate arrived from Frankfort containing — Felix had an- 
nounced — his grandfather's Mercedes. Lars Dolf had been 
phoned to find out if he would like to see this classic relic from his 
fatherland. He arrived on a bicycle. There was a champagne party 
on Felix's wide San Mateo lawn while the car was ceremoniously 
uncrated and rolled backward into the garage under the lights, 
gray and gleaming. Lars looked it over carefully, smiling at the 
double-headed eagle still perched on the radiator cap and some of 
the Desert Fox's maps and scrawled messages Felix showed him 
in the glove compartment. "It is a beaut," he told everybody. 

The car had been carefully preserved, unscratched except for 
the right side of the front bumper, which had been bent in ship- 
ping and was crimped against the tire. Felix even started the en- 
gine with a jump from Deboree's panel. Everybody drank cham- 
pagne in the yard while the big engine idled in the garage. Felix 


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asked Dolf if he would like to drive it when the bumper got 
straightened, that there might be a chauffeur's job open as soon as 
the California bar exams allowed Felix to practice. Felix said he 
couldn't legally drive it himself for another nine months because 
of a DUIL, and his wife wouldn't drive it because she was Jewish: 
"So I need somebody." 

Dolf was politely thanking the couple for the offer but was say- 
ing he would probably stick with his old Schwinn — "For my Ger- 
man vehicle" — when into the drive came a steaming, lurching '53 
Chevy with a noisy rod about to blow under the hood and noisier 
driver already blowing wild behind the wheel. Houlihan was out 
the door and into the startled yard before the signal from the igni- 
tion had reached the poor motor, shirtless and sweating and jab- 
bering, zooming around to open the other doors for his usual en- 
tourage of shell-shocked passengers, introducing each to 
everybody, digressing between introductions about the day's 
events, the trip down from the city, the bad rod, the good tires, the 
lack of gas, and grass, and ass, and of course the need for speed — 
"Anybody? Anybody? With the well-known leapers? Bennies? 
Dexies? Uh? Preludens even? Oops? I say something wrong?" — 
admonishing himself for his manners and his hectic habits, com- 
plimenting Felix on his idling heirloom, kicking the tires, clicking 
his heels and saluting the two-headed hood ornament, starting all 
over again, introducing his bedraggled crew again only with the 
names all different ... a typical Houlihan entrance that might 
have gone on uninterrupted until his departure minutes or hours 
later, if Felix hadn't distracted him with a huge joint that he drew 
out of his vest pocket as though he'd been saving it for this very 
occasion. And while Houlihan was holding the first vein-popping 
lungful of smoke, Felix led him by the elbow to the little cement 
bench in the shadow of the acacia where Lars Dolf had retreated 
to sit in full lotus and watch. Without speaking, Dolf had slowly 
untwined his legs and stood to take Houlihan's hand, Houlihan 
had resumed his chatter, the words spilling out as irrepressible as 
the smoke: 

"Dolf? Dolf? Didn't I, yass I did hear tell of a fella supposed to 
have confiscated all the switchblades in Ensenada — or was it Jua- 
rez? — went by that name Lars Dolf, also by the nick of 'Snub,' 
Snub Dolf the sportswriters called him, used to be a footballer, all- 
something, all-defensive something of the something, forsook fu- 
ture with the 49ers for meditation, which, the way I see it, correct 
me if I'm wrong, is mainly the exchange of one coach and his phi- 
losophy for another coach and another game plan — same game — 
single wing 'siead of double — this meditation practice probably 
just as beneficial as tackling practice — rather beat off, myself, per- 
sonally, if it's for spiritual purposes we are considering . . ." 

And on and on, in a fashion best left inimitable, until the round, 
grinning face and the ominously unblinking eyes began to affect 
Houlihan in a manner none of the fans had ever witnessed before. 
In the face of Dolf 's deliberate silence, Houlihan began to stam- 
mer. His rap began to rattle and run down. Finally, with his brow 
creased over the same mystery that Buddy and Deboree had en- 
countered Indian wrestling, Houlihan stuttered to a rare stop. 
Dolf continued to smile, holding on to Houlihan's hand, watching 
him fidget in his unaccustomed silence and humiliation. Nobody 
broke the silence as the moment of victory and defeat was word- 
lessly accepted and formalized. When the victor felt that his pow- 
er had been sufficiently acknowledged by this silence, Dolf let go 
the hand and said, softly: 

"That is the way . . . you see it, Mr. Houlihan." 

Houlihan could not retort. He was buffaloed. The dozen-or-so 
spectators smiled inside and congratulated themselves on being 
present during the decisive settling of this historic duel. They had 
all known it all along. When it comes right down to it, the mouth 
is no match for the muscle. Houlihan turned away from the grin- 
ning puzzle, seeking some route of escape. His eyes fell again on 
the idling Mercedes. 

"Well on the other hand hey, what say, Felix, that we take 'er 
for a little turn?" He was already opening the right side door to 


climb behind the steering wheel. "Just round the block ..." 

" 'Fraid it would have to be one way around," Felix said, casu- 
ally, hands in his pockets as he followed around the front of the 
car after Houlihan. He took him by a naked arm and drew him 
back out of the car. He pointed at the bent bumper with his long 
chin. "Until we get that straightened, the best you could do is 
keep going in circles." 

"Ah, cocksuck," Houlihan grunted, looking down at the 
wedged tire in disappointment. It was the first time Deboree had 
ever heard him use the word. On the contrary, Houlihan was of- 
ten heard correcting others for cursing; he claimed it was spiritual 
sloth to allow oneself to stoop to obscenity. But this didn't sound 
like sloth to Deboree. It sounded more like desperation. 

"Cock suck," he said again and started to walk away. But Dolf 
wasn't finished rubbing it in: 

"You don't have to . . . keep going in . . . circles." Dolf was 
coming into the garage, walking around the grill, smiling his mer- 
ciless little Zen smile. "You just have to be . . . strong enough . . . 
to straighten the problem out." 

And while everybody's eyes popped, the little chubby hands 
reached down and hooked on each side of the bumper, and the 
back bulged in the ragged turtleneck, and as smoothly and inexo- 
rably as some kind of powerful hydraulic device intended for this 
very work, pulled the heavy metal away from the tire and back 
into proper place. Gawking, jawhanging, Houlihan couldn't even 
curse. He left, muttering something about needing to crash, may- 
be at an ex-wife's digs in Santa Clara, someplace alone, his crew 
abandoned on the lawn. 

In the years of association that followed, as they became close 
comrades in adventure and escapade and revolution (yes, damn it, 
revolution! as surely as Fidel and Che had been comrades, against 
the same oppressor and the same tyranny of inertia, in the same 
guerrilla war that was being fought, as Burroughs put it, in "the 
space between our cells"), Deboree often saw Houlihan at a loss 
for words, or, more specifically, at an emptiness of words after 
days of speeding and driving and talking nonstop had left the 
dancing Irish voice raw and blistered and the enormous assets of 
cocky self-made intellect momentarily overdrawn, but never again 
so completely stymied. At least not so blatantly stymied. For 
Houlihan had a trick of filling the lapses with meaningless num- 
bers — "Hey you dig just then that lovely little loop-the-loop cutie 
doin' the ol' four five seventy-seven jive back thar on the corner 
Grant and Green, or was it eighty-seven?" — until his stream of 
consciousness commenced to trickle again and he got back on the 
track. Nonsense numbers to fill the gaps. An obvious trick, but 
none of his audience ever saw it as something to cover a failure. It 
was just noise to keep the rhythm going, just rebop until he found 
the groove again. And he always seemed to. "Keep rollin' and 
you'll always eventually cross your line again." And that faith 
that saw him through his lapses had become a faith for everybody 
that knew him, a mighty bridge, to see them across their own 
chasms. Now the bridge was washed out. Now, at long last, it did 
seem that he had lost it for good, in terminal nonsense and pur- 
poseless, meaningless numbers of nothing. Forever. 

Worse! That it had all been a trick, that he had never known 
purpose, that for all the sound and fury, those grand flights, those 
tootings, had all, always, at bottom, been only rebop, only the rat- 
tle of insects in the dry places of Eliot, signifying nothing. 

Forever and ever amen. 

So. Strung out and distracted and drunk in the 
dark, Deboree starts awake in his nest of moss in 
the wheelbarrow in the blackberry bush. Through 
the darkness he hears again the twang made when fence wire is 
strained, its barbs plunking through the staples as the barrier is 
breached by a head of stock forcing its way through, where no 
breach is intended, or by a foot climbing over. The twang is fol- 
lowed by a curse and a chorus of giggles and the crashing of 
sticks. He leans forward in his nest far enough to see a battery- 
powered lantern wheeling through the shadows of the cotton- 
woods that line the border of his swamp and his neighbor Hock's 
pasture. Followed by more crashings and cursing, the liehi comes 

Photograph by Ron Bevirt 


toward him, erratically, until it breaks into the clearing around 
the stump and is hung from a branch. It is the two hitchhikers 
loaded with packages and sacks, followed by Sandy Pawku. Sandy 
is carrying an enormous stuffed teddy bear. So loudly is she curs- 
ing and staggering about with the bear, that the blond puts down 
his load and turns back to hush her: 

"Cool it, huh? You want that old fart and his dogs down here?" 

"I don't want that old fart and his dogs at all," Sandy answers. 
"You two farts will do, to share ... for Sandy and her bear." 

Fascinated, Deboree watches from the brambles as Sandy 
waltzes in a slow circle, then leans the huge doll against the stump 
and sits in its lap. "Give us a hand," she says, picking at the but- 
ton of the collar taut across her throat, "an' a drink." Blackbeard 
draws a half gallon of wine from one of the grocery sacks. He un- 
corks it and drinks beneath the gently swinging light, his eyes on 
the fat woman and the doll. He lowers the bottle and takes a big 
summer sausage from the other sack and begins to chew the plas- 
tic wrapping away. Blondboy kneels beside Sandy, giggling, to 
help with the buttons of her blouse. Blackbeard watches, and Deb- 
oree. The temten toots past at the Nebo junction. The shadows 
rock. The fumbling fingers have the garment off one shoulder 
when, abruptly, Sandy's head falls back to the bear's shoulder and 
she begins to snore. The giggle bubbles louder over the healthy 
teeth as Blondboy hefts the bra strap up and down. 

"What kinda credit card got you these, mama?" 

Sandy sags and snores louder. The boy tries to reach behind her 
sleeping back to find the clasp. Blackbeard is going through her 
shopping bag. He takes out a little transistor radio and turns it on. 
He leans against the oak tree, gnawing the sausage and tuning the 
radio as he watches his partner wrestle with the sleeping woman's 
brassiere. At last, Deboree has to close his eyes to the spectacle, 
and the dark swirls over him. His head is ringing. He hears the ra- 
dio dial travel on until it finds The Beach Boys' hit. The harmony 
softens Sandy's snores and grunts and covers the crunch of twigs. 
Deboree can barely hear any of it. It comes from a long way off, 
through a twining, leafy tunnel. The tunnel has almost twined 
shut when he hears Blackbeard ask: 

"What did she say he was doing out there on the railroad 
tracks? Counting?" 

"The ties," Blondboy answers. "Counting the ties between 
Puerto Sancto and the next village. Thirty miles away. Counting 
the railroad ties. They got him doped up and dared him and he 
did it, didn't he, hee hee?" 

"Houlihan," says Blackbeard's voice, gentler. "The great Hou- 
lihan. Done in by downers and a dare." Blackbeard sounded hon- 
estly grieved, and Deboree found himself suddenly liking him. "I 
can't believe it ... " 

"Don't let it bother you, bro. He was fried, you know? Gan- 
grened. But c'mere and check this. I bet this makes you take that 
wienie outta your mouth ..." 

Deboree tries to lift his eyes open, but the tunnel is twining too 
fast. Let it close, he tells himself happily. Who's afraid of the dark 
now? Houlihan wasn't merely making noise — he was counting. He 
didn't lose it. We didn't lose it. We were all counting. 

The dark space about him is suddenly filled with faces, winking 
off and on. Deboree watches them twinkle, feeling warm and be- 
friended, equally fond of all the countenances, those close, those 
far, those known, those never met, those dead, those never dead. 
Hello faces. Come back. Come on back all of you even LBJ with 
your Texas cheeks eroded by compromises come back. Khru- 
shchev, fearless beyond peasant ignorance, healthy beside Eisen- 
hower, come back both of you. James Dean all picked apart and 
Tab Hunter all put together, Michael Rennie in your silver suit 
the day the earth stood still for peace, come back all of you. 

Now go away and leave me. 

Now come back. 

Come back Vaughn Monroe, Ethel Waters, Krazy Kat, Lou 






Costello, Harpo Marx, Adlai Stevenson, Ernest Hemingway, Her- 
bert Hoover, Harry Belafonte, Timothy Leary, Ron Boise, Jerry 
Lee Lewis, Lee Harvey Oswald, Chou En-lai, Ludwig Erhard, Sir 
Alec Douglas-Home and Mandy Rice-Davies, General Curtis Le- 
May and Gordon Cooper, John O'Hara and Liz Taylor, Estes Ke- 
fauver and Governor Scranton, The Invisible Man and The Lone- 
ly Crowd, The True Believer and The Emerging Nations, the 
Hungarian Freedom Fighters, Elsa Maxwell, Dinah Washington, 
Jean Cocteau, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, Jimmy Hatlo, 
Aldous Huxley, Edith Piaf, Zasu Pitts, Seymour Glass, Big Dad- 
dy Nord, Grandma Whittier, Grandpa Deboree, Pretty Boy 
Floyd, Big Boy Williams, Boyo Behan, Mickey Rooney, Mickey 
Mantle, Mickey McGee, Mickey Mouse, come back, go away, 
come on back. 

That summer sweet Frisco with flowers in your hair come back. 
Now go away. 

Cleaver, come back. Abbie, come back. And you that never left 
come back anew, Joan Baez, Bob Kaufmann, Lawrence Ferlingh- 
etti, Gordon Lish, Gordon Fraser, Gregory Corso, Ira Sandperl, 
Fritz Perls, swine pearls and even you black bus Charlie Manson 
asshole come back afresh you know now go away now come back. 

We are being summoned. We get a reprieve, not just rebop. He 
wasn't just riffing; he was counting. Appear and testify. 

Young Cassius Clay. 

Young Mailer. 

Young Miller. 

Young Jack Kerouac before you fractured your football career 
at Columbia and popped your hernia in Esquire. Young Sandy 
without your credit card bare. Young Devlin. Young Dylan. 
Young Lennon. Young lovers wherever you are. Come back and 
remember and go away and come back. 

Attendance mandatory but not required. -W- 


A thirst for living ... a taste for fine Scotch. 


BORN: Kwangtung, China, 1945 

HOME: Oil City, Pennsylvania 

TITLE: Food Service Director, Oil City 



that reads like a three-star restaurant 

... and a different one each day. 

QUOTE: "Hospital patients should not 

have to suffer at suppertime." 


Souffle, Almond Delight, and Black 

Sesame Seed Pudding. 

SECRET: "A gourmet chef can work 

wonders with a restricted diet. 

Because he works with color, texture, 

and aroma." 


patients be allowed two things with 

dinner. Wine and company. His 

innovations include a candlelight 

dinner for two— on the second 

night— for new parents. No extra 


SCOTCH: Dewar's "White Label"® 

and water. "A delightful habit I acquired 

during my days in Hong Kong." 

Dewar's never varies. 


The Dewar. Highlander" 

[State Line Road, M8-79] 

[Neiv Pine Creek school bus, 1*18*79] 


o the left is State Line 
Road in New Pine 
Creek, Oregon, and/or 
New Pine Creek, Cal- 
ifornia, two adjacent 
towns which straddle 
the border near U.S. 
395. New Pine Creek is 
not without its prob- 
lems. The children on 
the Oregon side must 
board a school bus to be 

riven fifteen miles to 
Lakeview, Oregon, rath- 
er \ than walk to the 
scmool in New Pine 

ree v k, California, a 

[James Cloutier, 1*17*79] 

block away. This is a rare 
instance in which 
Oregon citizens want to 
travel into California; 
mostly, they want Cal- 
ifornians to stay away. A 
man named James Clou- 

tier (left) has devel- 
oped quite a cottage 
industry by marketing 

! devices designed to con- 
vince Californians to 
leave Oregon alone. The 
burden of his remarks is 

• that Oregon is so cold, 
rainy and generally un- 
inhabitable that the state 
flower is algae, the state 
rock is the sponge, the 

I state animal is the slug, 
and so on. By this it may 
be seen that the state 
Oregon most closely 
borders is Smugness. 


For People 
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Politics Today Interview 

Jerry Brown 

The California governor talks of limits 

and dreams, energy conservation and expanded space exploration. 

But none of it seems inconsistent , the way he sees it. 

JERRY Brown had come straight to Dulles Airport outside 
Washington from a White House session on California's gas 
shortage. It had been an extraordinary minisummit between 
Brown and Jimmy Carter, the man he was thinking of challeng- 
ing for the 1980 Democratic presidential nomination. The 
administration had belatedly invited a cast of dozens— the 
mayor of Los Angeles and the California congressional 
delegation — to join the meeting and fuzz up any image of the 
president being called to task by the "cage-rattling" Western 
governor. But it still seemed to be a Brown-Carter confronta- 
tion, and in front of the cameras afterwards, Brown politely 
left the impression that it was Carter who had blinked. 

Privately, and less politely, the Brown people were stunned 
by the meeting. Energy Secretary James Schlesinger seem- 
ingly did not understand his own gasoline allocation system. 
Carter himself appeared to be reciting by rote from briefing 
cards, whether or not the material was relevant to the issues 
under discussion. When the president finally promised to pro- 
vide more gas, he did not explain exactly how. Still Brown 
took him at his word. If Carter kept the promise, Brown could 
reap the credit for forcing him to act. And Brown could blame 
the administration if the pledge were broken; indeed it would 
be another reason for running against the incumbent president. 

(Two days later, Schlesinger declared the "moral equivalent 
of war" on California: the state, he said, would actually 
receive only "a trickle" of additional gas. The statement hit 
with a cold slap in California and renewed the popular suspi- 
cion that the state was being punished for Brown 's challenge to 
Carter, despite its 45 electoral votes. An incredulous Brown 
adviser observed "Schlesinger must still be working for 
Reagan" — his first choice in 1976. The Republican front- 
runner for 1980 would perhaps find it easier to carry angry, 
gas-short Californians who felt betrayed.) 

After American Airlines flight 75 to Los Angeles left Dul- 
les, Brown was reminded of the antinuclear demonstration in 
Washington he had attended a few weeks earlier. At the pro- 
test, he had inspired a scattering of boos among the applause, 
but Brown said he didn't hear the disapproval. In fact, he has a 
hard time thinking of any mistake to admit during his public 
career, which began in 1968 when he led the insurgent slate for 
Eugene McCarthy in the California primary while his father, 
the former governor, was at the top of the Johnson-Humphrey 
delegation. Many commentators assumed it was a mistake to 
trek across Africa this spring with star Linda Ronstadt, and 

Photographs by Karin Vismara 

some of his closest associates regard his support for a balanced 
budget constitutional amendment as a mistake — "wrong on 
the merits and wrong politically, " as one of them puts it. They 
worry that it could make liberal Democrats more dubious than 
ever about Brown, just when they are more anxious than ever 
to revolt against Carter. 

Liberal easterners are a group Brown regards with bemused 
interest, and if they return the bemusement, they also tend to 
miss the truth that he is their kind of candidate on many other 
issues, ranging from affirmative action to solar power. On 
foreign affairs, too, he often leans leftward. He favors cutting 
defense budget increases below the inflation rate. Yet he resists 
conventional categories and terms. He is fiscally conservative 
after Proposition 13, but at the other end of the spectrum on 
affirmative action and nuclear energy. 

Brown resents the charge that he is too nimble politically, 
but he clearly has no thirst for liberal martyrdom. He believes 
that a politician can 't lead where the people refuse to follow. So 
he often "zigzags," Arthur Schlesinger 's wry description of 
Franklin Roosevelt's political philosophy. He pushes forward 
where possible, then yields where necessary. And he counts on 
his powerful public sense of himself to hold it all together. On 
this day, at least, it was holding together very well. 

As the plane landed in Los Angeles, the captain announced 
that he was proud to have had Governor Brown on board. The 
passengers burst into sustained applause, a rare reaction for 
any officeholder in this antipolitical era. As Brown disem- 
barked, another crowd around the gate cheered. While he gave 
television interviews to welcoming local reporters, Sander 
Vanocur of ABC news commented with professional admira- 
tion: "He's giving catechism to television." 

Like Edward Kennedy, Jerry Brown transcends any ideolog- 
ical identity. To the passengers on flight 75 and at the airport, 
Brown has the quality that John Kennedy led Americans to 
expect — and his successors have led many to yearn for again 
in a president — charisma. Later that night, at Lucy's El 
Adobe, a Los Angeles Mexican restaurant that is Brown's 
kitchen away from home, he ate rice and beans and watched 
flattering TV reports on his journey to Washington. With 
satisfaction, he settled back into his booth. Looking beyond 
Carter to what may become the real Democratic struggle in 
1980, he said with a smile: "I think I can beat Kennedy. " 

This Politics Today interview was conducted May 16 on 
flight 75 by National Editor Robert Shrum. 


Politics Today: How was Carter? 
Brown: Carter was — presiding. 
PT: Do you think that the administration 
has been neglectful in energy policy? 
Brown: Well, certainly the president 
made a strong statement about it back in 
'77. But whatever the reasons, other is- 
sues loomed larger and energy tended to 
drop down a bit. It would be fair to say 
that the follow-through after the "moral 
equivalent of war" speech did not mea- 
sure up to the intensity of the rhetoric 
with which it was introduced. 
PT: Do you relate well to Carter? When 
you are sitting and talking with him, do 
you find it comfortable? 
Brown: I don't know. That's a difficult 
question to answer. I'd rather not talk 
about it. I've met him on a number of 
occasions relatively briefly. 
PT: What do you say about the charge 
that you change your mind to suit the 
political convenience of the moment, that 
you go too much with the flow? 
Brown: I would say that that is an as- 
sumption without supporting evidence. 
PT: Proposition 13 is one piece of evi- 
dence that's cited. 

Brown: I don't count that as any evi- 
dence. \oters embedded a mandate in the 
California Constitution, which I took an 
oath of office to uphold and enforce, and 
I have done precisely that. 
PT: How do you think the impression got 
about that you' re flexible and adaptive? 
Brown: It probably relates, some of it, to 
13; some of it relates to the balanced 
budget; some of it relates to some of the 
things that I have said or done. But I still 
get back to the point, the assertion that 
there is some kind of inconsistency or 
flip-flop or lack of reliability; I don't 
think there is any analysis to support that. 
Judged according to the standard by 
which political representatives are 
judged, I would say that my action in 
politics has been extraordinarily consis- 
tent. In fact, it might be a little more 
appropriate to ask why I didn't support 
Proposition 13 in the first place. 
PT: Okay, why not? 

Brown: Because I thought it was exces- 
sive, and I thought it was more revenue 
than the public could afford to lose. The 
proof is not in on that yet. 
PT: Do you think the state will be driven 
back to higher taxes in a recession, since 
you have to balance the budget? 
Brown: I think we can avoid it for a 
period of time, if we are prepared to 
make the restrictions on government 
growth, government spending. But that 
gets very unpopular, because it hits into 
health, welfare, education, and highway 
spending. All these budgets have to be 
restrained, yet they all operate with pow- 

erful and very legitimate constituencies. 
PT: What public positions do you believe 
in so firmly that it wouldn't matter how 
the electorate voted? 
Brown: There are a lot of those. The 
electorate in California was clearly pro- 
nuclear power. And I opposed the Sun- 
desert plant. The Senate tried to overrule 
that decision. The big newspapers and 
the labor unions were against me on that. 
PT: Any others? 

Brown: Capital punishment is another; 
so is affirmative action. Unlike that asser- 
tion that I change with the wind, I have 
been consistent since the day I walked 
into government on the L. A. Junior Col- 
lege Board. And in the year 1969, you 
will find the same consistent themes that 
you will find in the year 1979. I opposed 
excessive spending; I supported child 
care; I was strong for minority partici- 
pation. The same themes: trying to as- 
similate and integrate minorities into our 
culture, advancing the cause of women, 
questioning assumptions, and holding 
the line on spending. Those have been 
relatively consistent themes. When I ran 
for president four years ago, I talked 
about an era of limits. I talked about 
preserving the resource base — that the 
true wealth of this country lay in its soil, 
in its water, in its air — and that those 
things have to be respected. I think that 
the appointments I have made, the anti- 
redlining legislation, the lifeline legis- 
lation, the farm labor bill, the affirmative 
action efforts and laws, coastal protec- 
tion and antinuclear laws; all those are 
consistent themes. 

The only item that some of the folks, 
often outside of California, can point to is 
that after 13 passed, I vigorously carried 
it out. Now I suppose one option, since I 
had to carry it out, or be impeached, was 
that I should have had sackcloth and 
ashes and gone around asking for for- 
giveness because I had opposed it. But 
I'm not given to that kind of behavior, 
especially when there is no need for it. 
PT: So you made a virtue out of necessity 
and got Howard Janis's endorsement for 
reelection as governor. 
Brown: But why should I make a vice 
out of necessity, or a failure out of neces- 
sity? It was the law; Democrats as well as 
Republicans voted for 13. 1 tried to avoid 
layoffs. We have maintained affirmative 
action. I think my conduct made sense. 

Now, as to the balanced budget, I am 
in a long line of Democratic politicians, 
from Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Tru- 
man on, who have all advocated bal- 
anced budgets. 

PT: But they never did it. Roosevelt tried 
it in 1937 and the country went back into 
the Depression. 

Brown: I think we're in a different posi- 
tion now. The capital stock depletion has 
been rebuilt; I think we have been ex- 
panding the money supply rather rapidly; 
and what is required are savings, invest- 
ment both by government and the private 
sector to create the kind of technological 
advance that will sustain our historical 
standard of living. And if we don't gen- 
erate adequate investment in new 
technologies — and along with that, en- 
vironmental resource management and 
investment in human beings and their 
skill development — then I think we face 
serious economic stagnation through the 

PT: What do you say to the economists 
who argue that if we have to balance the 
budget consistently, we will be driven 
into a recession that we will have a very 
hard time getting out of? 
Brown: I will just say that we are head- 
ing for a recession now — and we have 
consistently unbalanced the budget, so 
that argument doesn't prove very much. I 
would also say that there has to be some 
flexibility in a balanced budget. What I 
am trying to do is generate the political 
will to exercise a fiscal discipline in the 
country that has been absent in the past. I 
think that the overheated economy, con- 
sumption driven by private and public 
debt, is running up against a resistance 
that will only be overcome by technolog- 
ical innovation, by better managing our 
environmental resources, by adequate 
affirmative action, and by running a 
steadier fiscal program that looks to a 
longer-term buildup in the economy. 
PT: So you are talking about balancing 
the budget over the business cycle? 
Brown: I haven't really specified pre- 
cisely. But I think there has to be some 
flexibility, because it often is hard to pre- 
dict what the next year will bring. What I 
am saying is that we ought to have a 
mandate to require a balanced budget, 
with some flexibility. I think that if we 
start trying to run some surpluses, that 
will be good for the economy. I think the 
present situation is devaluing the cur- 
rency; it is eroding security and expecta- 
tions for the future. We are now riding a 
tiger that is going to be painful to get off 
of. People are buying things because they 
think that the object will be worth more 
later. We have to get off that escalator; it 
involves the risk of economic havoc. In 
order to avoid that, we need a steadier 
economic growth, not as much of this 
"boom and bust" psychology which is 
still very much a part of the inflation. 
PT: Let's talk about the pains of steadier 
government spending for a minute. 
Jerome Lackner, your former Health De- 
partment director, wrote recently: "When 


Jerry Brown talks about lowering expec- 
tations, he is really talking about lower- 
ing them for the poor, the mentally ill, 
and the disadvantaged." 
Brown: Well, I don't agree with that. 
Lackner was a very blithe spirit and a 
good person, but he had a very difficult 
time managing that department and giv- 
ing it leadership. He complained about 
the lack of funding. The fact of the matter 
is California is at the top of state spending 
in almost every category of social wel- 
fare and income maintenance. So, 
judged by our peers, the other 49 states, 
California is in the forefront of social 
concern. Judged against some Utopian 
ideal, we have a long way to go, as does 
the United States and most of the other 
countries of the world. 
PT: What federal programs would you 
cut to move to a balanced budget? 
Brown: I would limit the growth in al- 
most all of them — Defense, HEW, 
LEA A, revenue sharing. 
PT: Let's take HEW. Is there anything in 
HEW that you would cut? 
Brown: I would slow their growth down. 
They are growing about 10 percent a 
year — that is $20 billion. 
PT: Would you just put a cap on it? 
Brown: I 'd put on a hiring freeze — for a 
while. You could limit the growth of 
payments to health providers — 
hospitals, nursing homes, the medical 
industry. These things are escalating far 
faster than the rate of inflation. The gov- 
ernment through Medicaid and Medicare 
is paying 50 percent of the bill for hospi- 
tals. Now I think that people can be taken 
care of, without any diminution of qual- 
ity, with a containment on rising costs. 
Carter is trying to do that, and I am trying 
to do that in California. But so far the 
hospital industry has prevailed. I think 
that very soon labor and business will 
join with public interest groups to re- 
strain costs through an adequate cost con- 
tainment program. 

PT: Do you think deficits cause inflation ? 
Brown: I think there is no doubt about it. 
I don't say that they are the only cause. 
There is a variety of factors that even the 
economists can't figure out. They list 
oligopolies, OPEC, this problem, that 
problem, the lack of productivity. But 
when at the peak of the business cycle, 
the government runs a $40 billion deficit, 
and then the Federal Reserve Board in 
effect increases the money supply to 
finance that deficit, that is adding more 
dollars chasing the same amount of 
goods and services. That is the classic 
definition of inflation. We are expanding 
the tickets to obtain goods and services at 
a rate faster than the capacity to produce 
those goods and services. Deficits are not 

Economics is murky 
enough so that I 
think that all and 
none of the doctrines 
ought to be considered. 

the only cause. They are a contributing 
factor — and one that is not trivial. The 
political behavior that will be able to con- 
trol federal deficits will be associated 
with a fiscal discipline that will be very 
salutary for the country. What I am say- 
ing is that the neo-Keynesian demand 
management of the economy is not work- 
ing. We are pumping money into the sys- 
tem, through public deficits, through the 
expansion of the money supply. The con- 
sumption is there, but it is not translating 
into the fundamental work of society. 
PT: If you should by accident or circum- 
stance find yourself in the White House at 
some point in the near future, would you 
be as resistant to wage and price controls 
as a way to break the inflationary 
psychology as the incumbent is? 
Brown: Most of the people that I talk to 
say that wage and price controls distort 
the economy. 

PT: But most people you talk to about 
economics you don't believe anyway? 
Brown: Right. 

PT: So do you believe them about wage 
and price controls? 
Brown: I don't really know. 
PT: You wouldn't rule them out? 
Brown: The art — or I should say 
practice — of economics is murky 
enough so that I think that all and none of 
the doctrines ought to be considered. 
PT: Would you as president like to try to 
encourage a shift in national priorities? 
Brown: Well, 1 think such a shift is going 
to occur. 

PT: No matter who's president? 
Brown: It has to in order for the country 

to survive. There are people out there 
buying 13 million cars and we don't have 
enough gasoline to put in them. And the 
whole political pressure is for freeways. 1 
just don't believe that can continue. At 
some point, there is going to have to be a 
shift to rapid transit. There is going to 
have to be a shift to investment in more 
secure energy supplies and that money 
has got to come from somewhere. We 
only have so much capital. We have to 
have a shift in priorities, and some of the 
easy spending of both the public and pri- 
vate sector is going to get squeezed. As a 
nation, for our survival, we have to start 
investing in the absolute essentials, one 
of which is going to be energy. 
PT: Would you like to be president? 
Brown: I wouldn't mind it; I am cer- 
tainly thinking about it. 
PT: Would you prefer now or later? 
Brown: That's a problem, because some 
people think that the next business cycle 
will be a real wipeout — and that should 
take place around '83. 
PT: So you are not sure you want to 
preside over that? 

Brown: Maybe we can avoid it. I don't 
know what those cycles all mean. Jay 
Forrester from MIT has this national 
economic model; he is one of the persons 
who worked with D.L. and D.H. 
Meadows, who wrote Limits To Growth. 
The basic theory is that the Depression 
and World War II deferred a good deal of 
capital investment. Then in the '50s and 
'60s, we built up our shopping centers, 
our suburbs, our freeways, our hospitals, 
our schools, our steel mills, our au- 
tomobile factories. They are all built 
now. And there isn't this pent-up de- 
mand, because we've now worked it 
down, and it may take another 10 or 15 
years before we need another great 
growth period of the kind that we have 
seen in the post- World War II period. 
If that is true, it is what you call a sec- 
ular wave, not subject to cyclical 

I don't know if that's true. But it is an 
interesting thought. Another view is that 
our technologies follow an S curve: they 
start out, and they rise quickly, and they 
begin to level off. If you look at our major 
technologies, they are already at that 
plateau point or near it in almost every 
field. To try to build a new shopping cen- 
ter today is very difficult: you have en- 
vironmental restrictions; now we have 
gasoline restrictions; it is very hard to get 
freeways in place. If you think of the San 
Fernando Valley, how it developed and 
how the roads went out and then the hous- 
ing tracts, the shopping centers, the light 
manufacturing, new cars, second cars, 
third cars in a family, tremendous 


growth, all interacting with airplanes and 
war industries in the '50s and '60s. Now 
it's running up against resistance. We're 
getting caught in a lot of limits. A lot of 
people don't like all the growth. You ask 
me do I want to be president. Obviously I 
have an interest. But the future is uncer- 
tain. Perhaps one of my qualities is the 
ability to live in the midst of uncertainty 
with a certain degree of. . . 
PT: Equanimity. 

Brown: Yes, and I think the ability to try 
new things. We are going to have to try to 
make some changes, and it's going to 
take a pretty good articulation of what 
has got to be done in order to get it done. 
PT: One possibility is that if you give 
people the choice of the priorities, and 
articulate them, they will respond. The 
other is that people with their accumula- 
tion of private capital will spend it on 
pleasure rather than on productivity. 
Brown: We have to spend it on a photo- 
voltaic factory, or a synthetic gas factory, 
or reforestation, or training black youths 
from Harlem. Will people vote for that? 
That's what's got to happen. I think there 
is going to have to be a discipline in the 
future that we haven 't had for a while. It's 
inevitable. It is going to take some lead- 
ership to achieve a new allocation of 
priorities, to change ways that we have 
grown accustomed to. And I am perfectly 
prepared to make the hard choices and try 
to articulate them. But I have never said 
the government shouldn't have a strong 
measure of authority and responsibility. 
No one would ever characterize Califor- 
nia government as being a wallflower 
when it comes to imposing regulations. 
In fact, it is just the opposite. 
PT: Do you think that Kennedy could 
supply the kind of articulation that you 
are talking about? 

Brown: I don't know. He certainly is a 
very popular man and a lot of people look 
toward him. 

PT: What do you think? 
Brown: I am impressed with his strength 
in the Democratic party — and I don't 
have any real cogent comments to make. 
PT: If you decided to run and were doing 
well in the early primaries, and Kennedy 
suddenly entered, you wouldn't necessar- 
ily leave the race? 

Brown: I don't think there is any chance 
of my doing that. Before I entered the 
race I would obviously have already 
taken that into account. Assuming this 
race is wide open, and that this is what I 
want to do, I think I can do it in a rea- 
sonably successful manner. 
PT: Do you regard the Carter administra- 
tion, as one of your fellow speakers 
charged in the antinuclear rally, as a 
pronuclear force? 

Brown: Schlesmger is. 
PT: Is the pic -nt? 
Brown: He h supported the bill to 
speed up react, ermits. There is a clear 
difference between us: I have said we 
ought to forget about nuclear power for 
the future and Carter says we ought to 
make it safe and go ahead. 
PT: Some people charge that you have 
been wishy-washx on the nuclear issue, 
because you didn't support the nuclear 
initiative in 1976 to ban all nuclear 
power in California. 
Brown: I thought it was a little too much 
at that time; I wasn't prepared to go that 
far. But I helped get the three nuclear bills 
through. [They imposed rigid con- 
ditions — so rigid that no nuclear plants 
have been built in California since.] 
PT: Does the state effectively have a 
moratorium on nuclear power? 
Brown: Yes. There is a law that says that 
you can't build a nuclear power plant 
unless the federal government guarantees 
a way to get rid of the waste, and there is 
no guarantee coming until the late '80s. 
In addition to that, I have just written the 
NRC [Nuclear Regulatory Commission] 
a letter and told them not to open the 
Diablo Canyon nuclear plant. 
PT: What would you do about nuclear 
power if you were president right now? 
Brown: I would set forth a policy of no 
more nuclear power and evaluate the 
plants that are in existence, that are in 
various stages of licensing, to make the 
best judgment that I could as to which 
ones ought to come on line. I would try to 
create a reasonable balance between 
existing nuclear power and the alterna- 
tives. Depending upon the will of the 
people, we can lessen our dependency on 
nuclear, but that takes commitment, and 
investment, and short-term conserva- 
tion, and longer-term alternatives. 
PT: Would you look toward phasing nu- 
clear power out altogether? 
Brown: I think at some point that prob- 
ably is going to happen. The phasing out 
of nuclear power is hooked very closely 
to the availability of adequate sources of 
energy to maintain the standard of living 
that people have. The willingness to buy 
into those alternative energies is con- 
nected to people's desire, at least in part, 
to avoid the nuclear option. Conservation 
has very major payoffs in the short term. 
By conservation I mean retrofitting 
factories, homes, and commercial estab- 
lishments; 1 mean energy audits, time- 
of-day pricing, flexible work hours, 
more rapid transit, a turnoff of air con- 
ditioners for a brief period in the peak 
load hours. There's a tremendous amount 
of conservation available in the alterna- 
tive energies. Coal still has solid poten- 

tial; you have coal gasification, geother- 
mal, cogeneration. 

PT: What about the argument that many 
of those involve an amount of pollution 
that will kill more people than will lose 
their lives because of nuclear power? 
Brown: That's not clear yet. If Three 
Mile Island were a little worse, you could 
have had very substantial problems. And 
it is a lurking fear; it is really a disease; it 
is a plague; and the impact on the collec- 
tive psyche will be such that people will 
not tolerate nuclear power. 
PT: At the antinuclear rally you spoke 
about the unborn, and someone yelled 
out: "What about abortion?" You have 
favored public funds to finance abortion. 
What about the unborn? 
Brown: I don't think that theological 
premises should be introduced into the 
secular law and enforced by criminal 
sanction. And that's in effect what people 
are trying to do. So I have left this pretty 
much to the individual conscience. Cer- 
tainly, I am not trying to encourage any- 
body to get abortions, but I don't know 
that society will hang together very well 
if those who are morally and theologi- 
cally opposed to abortion try to impose 
the criminal sanction on those who see 
this as some form of reproductive free- 
dom that the Constitution gives them. We 
live in a pluralistic society. I think we 
have to have due regard for the difference 
in values. There is a limit to the police 
power of the state; and I think in this 
case, I think we ought to limit it. 
PT: /// can rephrase it, you're saying we 
don't have a consensus on abortion. 
Brown: That is not quite what I am say- 
ing. I don't think you make morality by 
consensus. Most people like capital 
punishment, and I don't. 
PT: But you wouldn't march with the 
right to life people? 

Brown: I haven't. I understand their 
point of view. I don't think what they 
want is about to occur, and I have not 
joined up with them. 
PT: There is a move now to bring back 
the draft. How do you feel about this? 
Brown: That's another one I will have to 
give more thought to. There is one 
threshold problem with the draft. If you 
have a draft in today's world — ERA and 
all — that means women as well as men. 
What about the rights of the disabled? 
They have to be treated the same. The 
rights of minorities, the rights of 
everyone to be part of the great American 
scene. To be fair, it means everyone, and 
that could cost over $100 billion a year. 
Also you have to have some alterna- 
tive service. The idea of the CCC 
(California Conservation Corps) and the 
Peace Corps — those ought to be given 


equivalent status. It seems to me that 
service for peace, service for our cities, 
service to protect our environment, rate 
just as high as warmaking and defense. 
PT: But what about universal national 
service if it is going to cost $40 to $100 
billion a year? 

Brown: That is why I think a more mod- 
est proposal would be a service corps, 
such as we have in California, a CCC on 
a very small level, but building it up and 
testing it out, to see if people respond. 
Probably it should start out voluntary. I 
like the idea of national service, but the 
economics of it and the compulsion of it 1 
think are stumbling blocks. 
PT: Do you have any thoughts about the 
SALT treaty at this point? 
Brown: My general view is that limits 
are going to be the order of the '80s — in 
the environment, in spending, and I 
would hope in arms. 
PT: Would you cut the defense budget? 
Brown: I'm not really prepared to talk in 
great detail about defense at this point, 
but I do think we can have a very strong 
defense and yet find savings in the de- 
fense area just like we do anywhere else. 
PT: Savings over what we spend now? 
Brown: Savings over what the growth 
would be if you just let inflation operate. 
A lot of the spending is in salaries and in 
pensions — and there have to be areas 
there where we can economize. I don't 
think we have any choice. 

I think that the domestic needs of en- 
ergy development and building adequate 
public transit, and other areas to keep up 
our technology leadership, are going to 
require capital. That capital is either 
coming from government or it is going 
into the private sector with accelerated 
depreciation, tax credits, which in effect 
cost money, too. So, since I think we 
have got to balance our budget, probably 
run a modest surplus, and spend all this 
money, we have to get it from some- 
where, and certainly the defense depart- 
ment is not going to be immune. 

I think our security is more jeopar- 
dized by losing our technological leader- 
ship, by continuing our energy depen- 
dence, than it is by just giving in to every 
new weapons system that people can in- 
vent. I would try to push for whatever 
limits one could get — and I realize that's 
not easy. 

PT: The administration has been widely 
criticized for being weak in foreign pol- 
icy. Do you share that view-for example, 
that we didn't do anything about Iran, 
just let Iran go? 

Brown: Iran was not ours to begin with. 
And my own view is that the emphasis is 
going to be on North America. And I've 
even called it America first — North 

I don't think there is 
any chance of my 
leaving the race if 
Kennedy entered. 
Before I entered, I 
would obviously already 
have taken that into 

America first. While we have to maintain 
our international responsibilities, I don't 
think we have to feel that we're the 
policemen of the world, that we have to 
square off against other powers for every 
piece of real estate. I think we have to 
build up our own North American 
hemisphere, develop what I call a com- 
mon market in energy with Canada and 
Mexico, and become more secure at 
home. Then I think we'll have more flex- 
ibility abroad. 

We have a role in the world; we are the 
leading country; we have to exercise our 
international responsibilities. But I see 
the paramount weakness right now in our 
energy dependency and our flagging 
technological leadership. I would put 
primary emphasis in those areas. And 
that means capital directed toward 
bolstering those two fronts. 
PT: When you look back on your public 
career in the last ten years, have you ever 
made a big mistake? 
Brown: I don't know; I guess probably 
not. If I have, it hasn't been so big. I 
guess not. I obviously think that what I 
do can be questioned and argued with. I 
could have done it another way a number 
of times. I could have supported 13, and 
said: "Yes, it has got problems, but we 
will take care of them after the election. " 
Instead, I said: "No, we shouldn't have 
it." And then after it went in, I tried to 

make it work. I could have done different 
things different ways. Who knows? 
PT: Do you worry very much about deci- 
sions that you make? 
Brown: Generally, by the time I make a 
decision, it's pretty well weighed, and I 
have lived with it for awhile. I don't 
know. You would have to give me an 
example. I can't think — I don't like to 
say that I haven 't made any big mistakes. 
I just feel that all human beings make big 
mistakes. But either I haven't made any, 
or I haven't suffered any particularly ad- 
verse consequences from them. 

The Greeks have a saying: "You can't 
tell whether a person is blessed until after 
he is dead. " Then you see his whole life 
and you can look at the whole thing. 
During the course of it, you don't know 
whether he is blessed or not. So I think 
that might apply to mistakes. Some- 
times, what looks to you like a mistake 
may turn out to be a benefit. 
PT: Do you know what you want to do 
with the presidency? 
Brown: What I see, what I would want to 
do, is to put the priority on the rebuilding 
of domestic independence through fos- 
tering conservation, alternative energy, 
retention of resources, emphasis on 
technological leadership, emphasis on 
space, electronics and other areas where 
America excels, so that throughout the 
rest of the century, America as a very 
unique place is consistent with its re- 
sources, and in its development with the 
particular skills of its people. 

I think people do want dreams. I think 
they want a sense of the future. I don't 
think they want to feel that things are 
running down. Very few are ready for 
political entropy. 

PT: Sometimes you sound as if you're 
talking a contradiction — that people 
have to keep dreaming, yet we are being 
closed in. How do you tell people that 
there are limits, but that there are no 

Brown: There are possibilities: space is 
one; we can reforest half of California. 
We can create alternative energies. The 
reason why I emphasize space is because 
I think space is the next frontier. I think it 
is essential to our own self-esteem, to our 
own position in the world, that we not 
yield that technology to others, rather 
that we expand it as part of our own 
collective destiny. We can have break- 
throughs in a number of scientific fields 
which will renew our own confidence in 
the ability to continue going forward — at 
least in some metaphoric sense. 
PT: And do voters know what you are 
talking about? 

Brown: I don't know. People seem to 
respond. • 



Reagan's Age 
Stop the 
Reagan Era? 

He would be the oldest president 
ever — if he were elected. 

by Peter Stoler 

STRIDING out onto a stage to cheers and enthusiastic 
applause, the man who would be president looks 
. . .well, great. His face, so weathered and wrinkled 
that cartoonists persist in depicting him as a sort of 
animated prune, is tanned and looks like the visage of the 
classic Californian who lives well and spends a lot of time 
outdoors. His hair is, as former President Gerald Ford once 
described it, "prematurely orange," but whatever its color, it 
is still thick and obviously his own. His body is trim and looks, 
in his well-tailored clothes, as fit as it did when he appeared in 
dozens of movies as a football player, a cowboy or the likable 
best friend who somehow always seemed to finish second in 
the race to get the girl. But thirty years later, like him or not, 
Ronald Reagan no longer looks — and acts — like someone 
who finishes second. Now he comes on like a winner. 

And why shouldn't he? In the marathon race for the Repub- 
lican presidential nomination, Reagan, former movie actor, 
former governor of California, former contender for his par- 
ty's nomination, enjoys the same position that, say, Bill Rod- 
gers held before the start of the last Boston Marathon. He is, in 
the considered judgment of friend and foe alike, the Republi- 
can that any, no, every, other aspirant for the nomination must 
beat if he is to win the race. And this time he is not trying to 
take the nomination from an incumbent in his own party. (In 
1980 that problem faces the other California governor.) One 
New York GOP official — a liberal who talks, perhaps emptily, 
of bolting the party if the conservative Californian should win 
the nomination — estimates that Reagan now has a solid base 

Peter Stoler is a correspondent for Time and formerly was 
writer-editor of that magazine's medicine section. 


of 30 percent of the party 's convention delegates. Others think 
he may have even more. 

Like many marathon racers, some politicians feel that being 
a front-runner has its disadvantages, and they may have a 
point, considering the disasters that have befallen such early 
leaders of the past as Republican George Romney in 1968 and 
Democrat Edmund Muskie in 1972. But others would love to 
have the same problems. Reagan's front-runner status, along 
with the experience he picked up in his 1976 bid for the 
nomination , both help to open the wallets of the party 's angels , 
which means that his campaign should be more than 
adequately financed. Nor is his obvious lead likely to discour- 
age potential political workers; in fact, Reagan's national 
organization is already bigger and better coordinated than 
those of any of his rivals. So his experience has its uses. 

Photograph by David E. Schenkel 


r**t -lifct 

»* * 7 

** G ,$• 

jt. * 

BUT there is one area in which Reagan is the leader and 
might wish he were not. Reagan, who is now 68, is the 
oldest man in the race. Howard Baker and George Bush 
are striplings of 53 and 54 respectively. John Connally 
is 62. No other conceivable candidate is more senior. (Harold 
Stassen, at 72, is not conceivable.) If Reagan were to win the 
nomination and then the election, he would turn 70 three 
weeks after he showed up at the White House to take occu- 
pancy. He would, in fact, be the oldest man ever to become 
president of the United States. (The current record-holder, 
William Henry Harrison, a Whig, was 68; he caught cold 
during his rainy inaugural, at which he gave one of the longest 
addresses ever, and died one month after taking office, the 
shortest term ever.) 

So far, at least, Reagan's age has not been used openly 

against him by his opponents. But it is just below the surface. 
An aide to Howard Baker gently alluded to the issue earlier this 
year when he quipped following a Reagan-Baker meeting that 
the two had had a "father and son talk. " A few quiet comments 
about Reagan's age have also been made behind the scenes by 
aides to other candidates for the GOP nomination. The public 
does not yet seem particularly aware of the age question; but 
when they are asked directly about it, an ABC/Harris poll 
found that 61% of a national sample consider his age a serious 
liability. Johnny Carson has even started testing the issue's 
recognizable risibility. Reagan's age should not matter, dead- 
panned Carson. "I hear he can do the minuet all night." 

SMALL jokes and slight gibes may never hurt him. But 
there might also be some bone-breaking sticks and 
stones in the issue. And it seems certain that just as John 
F. Kennedy had to deal directly with his Roman 
Catholicism, Reagan will have to face questions about his age. 
How important are Reagan's years as a factor in his quest for 
the presidency? Is he too old to run? Too old to serve and 
discharge the demanding duties of the chief executive? 

The answers to these questions vary, according to the angle 
from which they are considered. Legally, of course, age is no 
barrier to the presidency. The Constitution specifies a 
minimum age for the country's chief executive; itsframers did 
not presume to set any upper limit. 

Politically, however, Reagan's age might prove to be an 
impediment. Starting particularly with JFK, presidents them- 
selves have made much of the demands placed on them by the 
"world's most difficult job" and have stressed the sheer phys- 
ical, not to mention emotional or psychological, demands it 
makes on those who hold it. Their message has made an 
impression on the American public, which seems to feel that a 
president must be as well conditioned as an athlete if he is to 
meet these demands and do a good job running the national and 
worldwide interests of the US government. "That's no job for 
an old man," says one middle-aged Boston insurance execu- 
tive when queried about Reagan's ability to handle the presi- 
dency at age 70. "The pressures are enough to break the health 
of a younger man. They could kill an older man. " 

Is he right? The answer, according to informed medical 
opinion, is a firm no. Doctors are almost unanimous in agree- 
ing that chronological age should be no criterion of fitness for 
office. An individual's ability to withstand the rigors of the 
presidency may be somewhat influenced by the accumulation 
of years. But, doctors insist, it will be influenced to a far 
greater degree by a person's general state of health, and that 
depends on a lot more than age. "I've seen men of 50 who 
couldn't handle the tension of clerking in a hardware store," 
says Manhattan gerontologist Paul Weissberg, "and men of 70 
who can still perform neurosurgery. We've got to judge people 
by their ability, not by age." 

This does not, of course, mean that age should be ignored. 
Certain physical changes do take place over the years, and 
certain systems are more likely to malfunction in the elderly 
than they are in the young and middle-aged. The cardiovascu- 
lar system is the most obvious example. But medical men 
insist that these systems do not break down or wear out on 


regular schedules like automobile transmissions or aircrafa 
engines. To assume that they do, and to set arbitrary ages at 
which individuals are considered unfit for any activity is scien- j 
tifically unsound, say doctors. 

Many judges, in fact, have taken note of and acted on this 
medical fact by overturning laws requiring individuals to retire 
at a mandatory age. Twenty years ago, the Appellate Court of 
Illinois ruled rather categorically that a man could not be 
forced to retire simply because he had reached the age of 70. 

Doctors almost unanimously agree 
that age should be no criterion of 
fitness for office. 

"The common law," said the court, "has never held that a 
man attaining 70 has absolutely lost his status in being a man 
and, as a matter of law, has become a disabled shell of his 
former self so that he was deemed incapable of performing the 
functions he had been performing for 69 years." 

The court, gerontologists agree, is right. In rural societies, 
people have long continued to perform useful, valuable and 
often physically demanding work well into their seventies and 
eighties. In some areas, such as the Caucasus of the USSR, the 
mountains of Peru and the hill country of the Himalaya, people 
continue to function well at even older ages. 

FARMERS and mountain tribesmen may be one thing, 
says the common cynic, but what about people whose 
work is more cerebral than physical? They do equally 
well, as Dr. Robert N. Butler noted several years ago in 
his landmark study, Why Survive? Being Old in America. 
"The capacity for curiosity, creativity, surprise and change 
does not invariably decline with age," he wrote. Human 
beings lose brain cells all through their lives, but the rate of 
loss does not increase with age. And except for catastrophic 
events, the total loss is well under 1 million cells — an insignif- 
icant portion of the 10 billion cells each person starts with. Dr. 
Alex Comfort, who is an acknowledged expert on aging 
(though more famous for his book, The Joy of Sex), puts the 
matter bluntly: "The idea that people become mentally incom- 
petent by virtue of age alone is simply bullshit. People become 
mentally incompetent when they're old either because they're 
ill or because they always were mentally incompetent. Nor do 
politicians suddenly become intellectually inconsistent just 
because of age. If we say that a politician's arteries are harden- 
ing, it usually means that he was a reactionary all his life and 
he's just as reactionary now as always — only now we say it's 
because he's old." After all, socialist Norman Thomas, who 
died at 84, and American Civil Liberties Union founder Roger 
Baldwin, who is now 95, are both known for having pressed 
their vigorously liberal views all their lives. 

Certainly the list of people who have displayed unusual 
creativity well into old age is almost endless and includes such 
names as Sophocles, Michelangelo, Titian, Tintoretto, Cer- 
vantes, Voltaire, Goethe, Tennyson, Verdi, Tolstoi, Shaw and 

A lone Reagan riding the range at his ranch in '76. 


Freud. The late dame Agatha Christie wrote her myster\ 
novels well into her eighties. Octogenarian Andres Segovia, 
married to a woman half his age and father of a young boy, still 
performs a rigorous schedule of guitar concerts. Bob Hope. 
76, doesn't look his age; George Burns, 83, doesn't act his 
Nonagenarian Eubie Blake still plays a mean ragtime piano 
And Margaret Mead maintained her idiosyncratic and provok- 
ing views of life until her death at 77. 

The list of politicians who have held — and wielded — power 
in their seventies and eighties is equally impressive. John 
Quincy Adams was 62 when he finished his term as president 
and headed into retirement in 1829. He remained retired for 
only a year. In 1830, a wave of anti-Jacksonian sentiment 
swept the former president into Congress, where he remained 
until his death in 1848 at the age of 81. Fabled speakers of the 
house Joe Cannon and Sam Rayburn could crack the whip with 
no diminution of snap that any errant congressperson could 
notice; Cannon retired at 87. Rayburn died in office at 79. The 
late Charles de Gaulle was 68 when he became president of 
France in 1958. He held office — and a firm grip on the reins of 
government — until he resigned in 1969 at the age of 79. The 
late Konrad Adenauer ran the West German government while 
in his 80s and relished the respectful nickname of DerAlte (the 
Old Man). Chairman Mao Zedong died in office at 82. Leonid 
Brezhnev, ailing but apparently still in control, runs the USSR 
at age 72. And Yugoslavia's President Josip Broz Tito turned 
an exuberant 87 a few months ago. There is no reason, say 
aging experts, why any American, including Ronald Reagan, 
could not serve equally effectively at age 70. 

DOES this then mean that a candidate 's age is unimpor- 
tant? No, says Comfort. "Any man of 70 obviously 
has a higher risk of dying at some time during a 
presidential term than does a man of 40 or 50. This is 
a fact." Actuarial charts say that 8 percent of men over 70 will 
die each year, while the rate is 5 percent for men of 50 to 54. 
That is a difference, but perhaps not so large a difference 
compared to questions about the candidate's ideas or policies. 
"We've got to learn to separate considerations of age from the 
more important considerations of health, mental attitude and 
culture," said Margaret Mead in an interview a few months 
before her death. "To say that someone who is otherwise in 
perfect health, in full possession of his mental faculties, is 'too 
old' for anything is simple prejudice. Nothing else." 

The elderly, who now comprise some 10 percent of the total 
US population (and nearly 20 percent of the electorate in the 
last general election) certainly share that outlook — but not 
necessarily to Reagan's advantage. "I'm interested in what 
any candidate will do for the elderly, not how old he is 
himself," said a spokeswoman for the Gray Panthers when 
asked about her organization's views on the age question. 
"Reagan never showed much interest in the elderly when he 
was governor of California; maybe he'll change his attitude 
when he realizes what a large constituency we represent." 

Maybe. But unless he shows a previously uncharacteristic 
interest in the elderly, the conservative Republican is likely to 
lose them to the Democrats, who have tended to be responsible 
for such programs as exist to assist old people. And the 
candidate seems well aware of that sort of reality. In fact, 
Reagan thus far seems more anxious to avoid being tagged as 
ultraconservative than as too old. Back in February when he 
breezed smoothly through a series of visits with congressional 
Republicans in Washington, he made a great effort to play 
down his conservatism, emphasizing his similarity to others in 
the Republican mainstream. His fellow conservative, Sen. 
Paul Laxalt of Nevada, stressed that the actor turned politician 

was a "responsible conservative," not "some right-wing nut 
with horns." More important, Iowa's moderate Congressman 
lames Leach also seemed impressed. "He tried to show us that 
he was in tune with other people," said Leach. "He appeared 
very reasonable." 

Reagan over the next year will also have to appear fully 
vigorous next to the Bush, Baker and Connally image makers. 
Regardless of what he does or says, he is unlikely to avoid the 
age issue entirely. Reagan's competitors, both in his own party 
and outside it, will be carefully noting how the apparently 
healthy ex-governor handles the grueling schedule of 
speeches, rubber chicken dinners, ribbon cuttings and other 
political appearances that stand between him and the nominat- 
ing convention. And they will certainly raise — or arrange to 

Leaders who served in their seventies and eighties (clockwise 
from upper left): Adenauer, Brezhnev, de Gaulle, Tito. 

plant — questions about Reagan's health and his age the first 
time their rival cancels an appearance or shows any other sign 
that his stamina is even slightly less durable than his ambition. 

This may be unfortunate. It may play on an unfair prejudice, 
as Margaret Mead says. But it is also inevitable. There has not 
previously been a full health disclosure made by any presiden- 
tial aspirant. (Some have made partial disclosures.) But in 
these days of show-and-tell requirements for public officials, it 
would not be surprising if Reagan were forced to issue a full 
medical as well as financial statement. There is no indication 
that any such statement would describe anything but glowing 
health. And Nancy Reagan is said to watch her husband 
closely to make sure that he does not overtire himself. 

In the coming months, she will be joined by a lot of other 
watchers. Voters know that a candidate's politics are more 
important than, say, his prostate, his ideas more important 
than his age. But they are also realistic enough to know that no 
politician's ideas are any good unless he can carry them out. 
Some voters will reject Reagan for his ideas. But even those 
who support him for the same reason may want to make sure 
that he is going to be around long enough to do something 
about them. • 


The Power of Show 
Biz People to Raise 
Large Sums Makes 
Them a Major New 
Political Reality 

by Michele Willens 

NE Saturday a few years ago, 
those who like peeping at famous 
people would have gone crazy if 
they had strolled on the beach in 
front of the exclusive, mile-long Malibu 
Colony. There on the patio of one of the 
million-dollar homes sat Paul Newman, 
Robert Redford, Warren Beatty and Neil 
Diamond sipping beers, munching on 
tortilla chips and engaging in a lengthy 
conversation with several other men. 
Even for Malibu, the scene was loaded 
with star power. 

What sort of deal were the super four 
working up: perhaps Butch & Sundance 
Get a Shampoo with music by Neil 
Diamond? No. for that, their agents 
would probably have done the dickering. 
This was more personally important to 
the four. The men they were talking to 
were political activists, and the subject 
was divestiture, deregulation and other 
ways to tame the power of the major oil 
companies. What eventually resulted 
from that meeting was Energy Action, an 
anti-oil company lobby that today is con- 
sidered the top national spokesman for 
the consumer side of energy issues. 

The specifics of the oil debate aside, 
what is important to note is that the fuel 
for fighting the oii industry in this case 
came largely h rhe entertainment in- 
dustry. Indeed fr>. e is scarcely a hot 
political issue today 
politics business do 
show business No 
thoughts ano 

really to get t>. ■•• 
some like Ai: ■• 
can and do car 
reason is bucks c 

which those in the 
seek out those in 
so much for the 
of the stars. Not 
speak out — though 
int and Jane Fonda 
effectively. The big 
issful show biz per- 

formers and executives not only earn big 
money themselves; they are expert in the 
business of drawing a paying crowd. 
More and more they are using that exper- 
tise to raise cash for political issues and 
candidates. "There isn't much difference 
between selling Donna Summer or Jerry 
Brown," says Richard Trugman matter 
of factly. He should know. He left a top 
job doing the former at Casablanca Rec- 
ords to do the latter as finance chairman 
of Brown 's gubernatorial campaign last 
year. And he raised a hefty $4 million. 

The only person who collected close to 
that in California that year was Republi- 
can Mike Curb, another former recording 
executive, who called on music friends 
and former clients like Wayne Newton, 
Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme for 
fundraising help and successfully got 
himself elected lieutenant governor (see 
story on p. 47). 

In the 1980 presidential campaign, the 
Washington-Hollywood connection will 
be more pronounced than ever. Pro- 
nounced enough so that it deserves a 
name of its own — one of those shiny, 
coined names that collapses words to- 


Illustration by Jim Barret 

gether. Hollytics will do fine. The big 
reason that Hollytics seems certain to 
grow in importance is that the campaign 
financing law now limits individual con- 
tributors to $1,000 and corporate giving 
to $5,000. But it does not limit contribu- 
tions of time or talent. And when a 
Wayne Newton or a Paul Simon is willing 
to appear at a major concert for a candi- 
date, tens and even hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars can be raised from the 
ticket sales. That cash is then eligible for 
matching federal funds. In sum, Holly- 
tics can add up. 

Jimmy Carter found that out when his 
Georgia music executive friend, Phil 
Walden, got his clients, the Allman 
Brothers, to put on a concert in 
November 1975, that raised $100,000 
(including the matching federal funds). 
"Carter had completely run out of 
money, but that concert saved him," 
contends Mickey Kantor, who ran Jerry 
Brown's brief 1976 presidential cam- 
paign — a campaign that itself was 40 
percent funded by the entertainment in- 
dustry. Ronald Reagan made only lim- 
ited use of celebrities in 1976. Not so this 

time. "We've already got people like 
Frank Sinatra, Pat Boone, Jimmy 
Stewart and James Cagney committed," 
says Reagan campaign chief John Sears. 
Celebrities tend to lean left, but other 
frequent Republican supporters include 
Pearl Bailey, Chuck Connors and Shirley 
Temple Black. 

[ 3 HE Reagan strategists are con- 
templating getting a full-time 
Hollytics specialist after the suc- 
cess of Trugman for Brown last 
year. Just as direct mail experts became 
the hottest new political operatives of the 
last decade, so experts at harnessing en- 
tertainers may become the mark of the 
eighties campaign. Already the presiden- 
tial sweepstakes has started generating 
efforts to get star backing. Joe Smith, 
board chairman of Elektra/Asylum Rec- 
ords, reports that he has been bombarded 
with calls from candidates' camps hop- 
ing to line him up, aiong with his record- 
ing artists, "I'm going underground," 
says the executive in half-serious 
Of course, the phenomenon of celeb- 

rities in politics goes far beyond the 
boundaries of Hollywood. Florida's 
Anita Bryant was able to take advantage 
of her fame in her antigay campaign. In 
New Jersey, Bill Bradley's winning Sen- 
ate race was helped by the crowd-pulling 
glamour of basketball star Bradley him- 
self, as well as celebrity friends such as 
Jack Nicholson, Chevy Chase and Dustin 
Hoffman. In Atlanta, entertainment 
lawyer David Franklin is yet another 
practitioner of the art. He mobilizes such 
clients as Gladys Knight, Roberta Flack, 
Cicely Tyson and Richard Pryor for can- 
didates whom he supports. His backing 
was critical to the election of Atlanta 
Mayor Maynard Jackson, for example. 
Franklin, a middle-level member of the 
LB J administration, picks his candidates 
in part because of their positions and 
pledges on black issues. 

But despite those examples, the center 
of the action is still Hollywood — where 
there is the heaviest concentration of 
those who can draw big crowds and those 

Michele Willens is a free-lance reporter 
in Los Angeles. 


Hope and troupe in Vietnam. 

Chase pulls a crowd. 

Stewart at Republican convention. 

who know how to stage the big-draw 
events. Hollywood, in fact, has dabbled 
in politics on and off for years. In the 
early days of World War I , patriotism was 
an important political cause, and stars 
such as Mary Pickford, Douglas Fair- 
banks and Charlie Chaplin appeared in 
Los Angeles's Pershing Square to talk 
the crowd they attracted into buying Lib- 
erty Bonds. During World War II, Hol- 
lywood 's patriotism reached even greater 
heights. Bob Hope, Martha Raye and 
others went overseas to entertain the 
troops and boost morale. Back home, 
Eddie Cantor headed up a marathon bond 
drive in 1944 that raised an astonishing 
$40 million in 24 hours. 

Other more partisan political causes, 
such as the protecting of civil liberties, 
were aided by celebrity benefits, radio 
shows and movie premieres. And there 
were even those who rebelled against 
Hollywood's general spirit of superpa- 
triotism and boosterism. Then came the 
Red-hunting hearings of the House Un- 
American Activities Committee in 1947. 
The infamous blacklist resulted, and all 
was quiet, politically, in Hollywood for a 
long while after that. A few per- 
sonalities, like Bogart and Bacall, im- 
mersed themselves in Adlai Stevenson's 
campaign, but there was little mingling 
of the two worlds. 

The attitude began to shift again just 
before the start of the sixties. "The com- 
bination of television and John Kennedy 
brought out a lot of Hollywood people," 
says Jack Valenti, the former LB J aide 
who now heads the Motion Picture Asso- 
ciation. "Politics was not really an in- 
tense emotion for many until then. TV 
made politics more accessible, and in 
Kennedy, they saw someone as glamor- 
ous as anyone in America." The 
glittering-glamour socializing slowly 
changed to political commitment — as 
the Vietnam War slowly changed into a 
cause celebre. One of the first signs of the 

new attitude was the Dissenting Demo- 
crats of 1968, spearheaded by actor Robert 
Vaughn; the group worked to open up the 
nomination process to someone other 
than LBJ, then the sitting president. 

For all that history, the ingredients that 
actually hold the Washington-Hollywood 
connection together remain somewhat in- 
tangible. The two worlds have little in 
common other than one's ability to raise 
money and the other's need to spend it. 
Francis O'Brien, a former Mondale aide 
who is currently assistant to the president 
of Paramount Pictures, observes that 

of campaign work, he organized Hol- 
lywood behind a candidate better than 
anyone ever had when he worked for 
George McGovern in 1972. The big 
names and the bright stars brought 
McGovern far more media attention than 
the conventional roster of political en- 
dorsements gained for his Democratic ri- 
vals. It was also Beatty who first used the 
political concert effectively, organizing 
three of them for McGovern. "Warren 
was great because he knew just how to 
handle the psychology of the stars, " says 
businessman Miles Rubin, who also 

There isn't much difference between selling 
Donna Summer or Jerry Brown," says an 
expert who has done both. 

"the attraction is they're both major 
power bases filled with people in the 
business of exposing themselves." 

Whatever the basis may be, getting 
entertainment figures to take active roles 
in political campaigns is a tough, tricky 
task. "There are a couple of things that 
characterize show business people politi- 
cally," says Max Palevsky, multimil- 
lionaire, film producer and occasional 
political operative. "If they take your 
phone call, they feel they're fulfilling a 
great patriotic duty. If they show up some 
place, they feel they should get a medal. 
And if asked for money, this terribly 
pained look comes over their faces, as if 
to say, 'My mere presence isn't enough?' 
They need a constant amount of ego 

Warren Beatty became the father — 
odd phrase for him — of modern Holly- 
tics because of his understanding of the 
techniques that it took to corral high- 
strung celebrities. The first star to move 
beyond endorsement into the nitty-gritty 

worked on the concerts. "He was their 
intellectual guru, but he also surrounded 
them with enough glamour to make them 
feel at home." Beatty was relentless. 
Barbra Streisand, one of the first stars to 
endorse McGovern, made it clear that 
was all she would do. Months later, she 
had a phone call from Warren Beatty. Her 
first words to him were, "You want me to 
sing." He did, and she did. 

Beatty has not been nearly so involved 
since. "You have to pull in and out of 
politics," he has said. Others have been 
more consistently concerned. Paul 
Newman falls into this group, though he 
tends to be more committed to issues than 
candidates. Newman prefers to stay out 
of the limelight but has probably contrib- 
uted more money — over a million 
dollars — to political causes than anyone 
in Hollywood. He has given hundreds of 
thousands to the anti-oil company lobby 
group he helped create, Energy Action. 
When told about an idea for a nuclear war 
conference, Newman quietly wrote out a 



Beatty at Democratic convention 

Bailey: from RFK to Republican . Fonda and Hayden at antinuclear rally. 

check for $50,000 to underwrite it. 
Sometimes uncomfortable about his in- 
ability to articulate issues, Newman 
nonetheless last year served as a delegate 
to the UN session on disarmament. 

Robert Redford is also an issues man, 
though his focus is the single issue of 
ecology. He has been active in helping to 
stop power plants and has made appear- 
ances for a few candidates who support 
his views. Mario Thomas is another 
single-issue political crusader; her cause 
is the women's movement. She contrib- 
utes money and speaks all over the coun- 
try on behalf of candidates. "I won't 
change votes, but people will listen to 
me," Thomas says. "I get a spotlight on 
me, then I turn it over to the candidate. " 

By any measure, Hollywood's queen 
in the political spotlight is Jane Fonda. To 
begin with, she is the only Hollywood 
figure with her own political organiza- 
tion. The Campaign for Economic 
Democracy (CED) is run by Tom 
Hayden, Fonda's husband, a former six- 
ties radical and unsuccessful candidate 
for the US Senate in 1976. CED lobbies 
against big business and in favor of an 
assortment of Fonda-Hayden causes, in- 
cluding solar energy, rent control and 
farm workers. But Fonda does not sup- 
port CED single-handedly. "The pri- 
mary source of funding comes from 
concerts and the entertainment indus- 
try," says Hayden. "Entertainment 
people were and are helpful because they 
provide a fundraising base and ask very 
little in return." When they do ask for 
something, it is generally for profes- 
sional rather than political favors. If you 
are wondering how Helen Reddy got 
Jane Fonda as her guest on a TV variety 
special, you should know that Reddy has 
given political contributions to Hayden. 

Fonda's second front for pressing her 
political work is through her films. She 
has formed her own production company 
with partner Bruce Gilbert specifically to 

dramatize their political beliefs. "We 
work ass backwards, " says Gilbert. "We 
take the issue first and then build a script 
around it. " That sounds like one of the 
clearest formulas ever for propaganda 
goop. But instead they have come up 
with two remarkable successes — 
Coming Home and The China Syndrome. 

FONDA, who will probably work 
for Brown in the presidential cam- 
paign, is the most out-front mover 
and shaker. In contrast, Lew Was- 
serman, the enormously wealthy chair- 
man of MCA (which owns Universal 
Studios), is the ultimate invisible power 
behind the scenes. For years he has been 
one of the industry's biggest political 
campaign contributors and a major fund- 
raiser for the Democratic party. But his 
involvement is carefully even-handed. 
"There's no ideology with Lew," says 
one former associate. "He just has to be 
close to the center. He likes to be sure his 
bets are hedged and his company is on the 
good side of whoever is president." 

He has been for the last 20 years. LB J 
offered him the post of secretary of 
commerce. He has been mentioned pub- 
lically as "my dear friend, Lew Was- 
serman, " by Jimmy Carter. "I give them 
all money and wish them well," he ex- 
plains . Of course , it is not quite so benign 
as all that. In 1964, for example, Was- 
serman let it be known that he wanted 
help on the advertising for LBJ's presi- 
dential campaign from an advertising 
firm that handled some work for Univer- 
sal Studios. The firm's two partners, who 
opposed Johnson, refused despite the 
clear consequences. That was the end of 
their work for Universal. 

Some believe, no doubt at their peril, 
that Wasserman, now in his mid-sixties, 
may have waning influence. They look to 
a somewhat newer breed of executive 
whose political interests have roots in 
feelings of social concern, rather than a 

desire to be close to the sources of power. 
Ted Ashley of Warner Brothers is one 
such corporate chieftain. "One day I 
looked around and realized there was a 
whole world out there," Ashley says. In 
1975 he quit his job, spent a year reading 
and thinking about political issues, then 
finally decided against playing a direct 
role in politics and returned to the studio. 
But he remains heavily involved and a 
few months ago was a key creator of 
Democrats for Change, a new group that 
took out a full-page ad in Los Angeles 
newspapers criticizing Carter. 

Norman Lear, the other big power be- 
hind Democrats for Change, downplays 
the importance of personalities like him- 
self. "I always think the strength is in 
numbers," he says. "But I know many 
did sign the Democrats for Change ad 
because my name was on it — par- 
ticularly people who know me and 
trust my judgment. But if voters make a 
decision based on our names, they're 
misguided. " 

Of course, in a town where very large 
deals are made and unmade on a whim, it 
may not be misguided for a hopeful 
young producer to take a table at a tes- 
timonial dinner that is being put together 
by Wasserman. And if Robert Redford is 
hosting a party for Bill Bradley, as he 
did, many a high-income stargazer will 
pay $100 a couple for the privilege of 
saying who he had dinner with last night. 
And as for the concerts, fans who want to 
see Donny and Marie Osmond or the 
Eagles may not even care what candidate 
their ticket money is supporting. 

The thousands who will pay to hear 
their favorite recording stars have made 
music executives perhaps the most im- 
portant power elite of Hollytics. Get one 
of them, and his label's stable often fol- 
lows . ' 'I 've been trying to get artists to do 
at least one thing for someone else every 
year," Elektra/ Asylum's Smith says. 
"They make an obscene amount of 


money, and I think they should have 
some kind of social responsibility." Neil 
Bogart, head of Casablanca Records and 
Filmworks, has also pushed his com- 
pany's artists, including Kiss, Cher and 
Donna Summer, to think past their next 
gold disc for the first time. 

Of all of the music moguls, none is 
more powerful — or at least none swings 
his power more — than Jeff Wald. With 
his wife, Helen Reddy, Wald has con- 
tributed over a million dollars, mainly to 
Democratic campaigns. Their big inter- 
est is Jerry Brown, and Wald may be 
getting ready to play a major role in 
Brown's presidential campaign. A 
tough-talking, hot-headed man of 36, 
Wald turns off a lot of people. "Jeff 
doesn't think," says another record 
executive. "He just wants to be buddies 
with a president." Wald is frank about 
why he likes the hard-ball game of poli- 
tics. "Show business may give you ego 
gratification," he says, "but it's money 
that gives you real power. It's allowed 
me not to be helpless and to get things 
done. It allows me to use my leverage, 
and I quite definitely do it. I don't ask 
favors from anyone, but I have the power 
of money and access, and Helen has the 
power of visibility." 

Some say Wald doesn't ask for favors, 
he demands them. One story has him 
twisting the arm of Los Angeles Mayor 
Tom Bradley about a decision that af- 
fected a nearby private school attended 
by Wald's children. Wald's tactic was to 
remind the mayor of past contributions. 
Bradley surprised many people when he 
decided in favor of Wald's position. 
Wald explained, "He did it on the advice 
of homeowner groups, not just mine." 

Wald's relatively open power plays 
tend to undercut a prevailing bromide 
about Hollytics. That is that the money 
raised by performers comes with no 
strings attached. After all, says former 
Mondale aide O'Brien, "Jimmy Carter's 
not going to call Henry Winkler about 
SALT." And it is true that an oil com- 
pany is likely to have a few more sugges- 
tions in mind than, say, Cher does. 

But it is also true that many in show 
business are beginning to grasp and use 
the new clout they have. Wald, Fonda, 
Redford, Newman, the late John Wayne 
have all sought to affect policy — not in- 
sidiously, to be sure, but no less defi- 
nitely than would mistrusted "fat cats" 
of the past. Sometimes the power 
wielded can balance out. Anita Bryant's 
drive to pass antigay legislation in 

Ma Maison may be where tout Hol- 
lywood gathers to goggle. But the 
epicurean epicenter of Hollytics is El 
Adobe — Lucy's, as the regulars call it. 
That is Jerry Brown's Los Angeles 
hangout. The restaurant is owned by 
Lucy and the other Casados, her hus- 
band Frank and her daughter Patty. 
Right from the start, the Hollywood 
crowd came in for the authentic Mexi- 
can food and the massive margaritas. 
Jerry Brown has been eating at Lucy's 
since he was a young L.A. attorney 
fresh out of Yale Law School. 

Eight years ago Lucy Casado pulled 
Jerry over to a table to meet a rock star 
named Linda Ronstadt. El Adobe holds 
fond memories for both Jerry and 
Linda. They drove straight there from 
the airport after their celebrated 
springtime jaunt across Africa. And the 
Casados proudly coddle the couple. 
"You feed Jerry a little at a time," 
Frank Casado says. "If you put a lot of 
food in front of him, he won't touch it. 
Linda eats plenty, usually enchiladas, 
quesadillas and diet 7-Up. Jerry drinks 
a little wine. They can both get 
paunchy, but he's down right now. I 
guess they try to stay down together. " 

Brown often cheats on his dieting by 
eating off other people's plates. And 
there is even a nondietetic Jerry Brown 
special on the menu — a mixture of 
chicken, green peppers, and rice that 
the governor concocted one night while 
fooling around in the kitchen. 

The Casados are looking forward to 
serving that special soon at a new El 
Adobe in Washington, close to the 
White House so President Brown can 
drop in. "If he gets the nomination, 
we'll start building," says Frank, who 
has been quietly scouting Washington 
locations. "Because if Jerry gets that 
far, he'll go all the way. Where Jerry 
goes, El Adobe goes." 

Frank and Lucy Casado. 

Florida was matched by an equally suc- 
cessful campaign — led by many enter- 
tainment people — that defeated an 
anitgay measure in California. But in 
other cases, there can be a considerable 
tilt. For example, entertainment peo- 
ple — and rock groups in particular — are 
overwhelmingly antinuclear. 

S all this show biz in the public busi- 
ness bad? Stars are not necessarily 
any dimmer than other politically in- 
fluential business people. They may 
be no more disconnected from the com- 
mon citizen than the intellectual power 
elite. But their growing importance cer- 
tainly adds to the celebrification of poli- 
tics. It is an era in which Elizabeth Taylor 
is an active member of the Senate Wives' 
Club. Linda Ronstadt may be the na- 
tion's next "first lady" (or perhaps the 
nation's first "main lady"). Sam Ervin 
leaves the Senate and makes American 
Express card commercials. Robert Byrd 
records an album of bluegrass fiddle 
music. Henry Kissinger becomes a paid 
TV commentator while Jerry Ford does 
the same and gets canceled. John 
Lindsay plays a senator in a movie and 
now considers running to become a real 
one. The distinctions between leadership 
and glamour continue to blur. Henry 
Fonda, Jason Robards and Rip Torn all 
seem to have had higher approval ratings 
for their performances as presidents than 
have any recent incumbents. 

But hold on. The China Syndrome was 
not the Three Mile Island accident. John 
Dean was not just a TV series. The Viet- 
nam War has reality beyond that shown in 
The Deerhunter. The Omen is not a real 
story about how the devil is on his way to 
taking over the US. The phantasmagoric 
overlap of Washington and Hollywood 
can be sorted out. I 

Still it does exist. Last year a politi- 
cally bland candidate named Carey Peck 
ran for Congress in Los Angeles. He was 
running against Robert Dornan, an in- 
cumbent Republican who was thought to 
be unbeatable. Carey Peck, however, is 
the son of Gregory Peck, and the actor 
summoned a host of his Democratic 
friends, including Liza Minnelli, Milton 
Berle and Kirk Douglas, who performed 
at campaign dinners. Dornan countered 
with John Wayne, Gene Autry and Pat 
Boone — and narrowly won. 

If that race is a harbinger of more and 
more campaigns, then Hollytics is al- 
ready overweening. Such a stars war is a 
spectacle of the sorrier sort — but for now 
spectacle and show biz involvement 
in US politics seem likely to grow 
larger. Spotlights still draw too many of 
us. • 


"Have a nice day" could well serve as 
the state motto, for a nice day is one thing 
California can just about always deliver. 
Not a busy day, perhaps. Not an impor- 
tant day. Not a day when you want to 
shout "Eureka!" Just a nice day, a day 
spent free to wander in the grove. What 
astonishes is that, in pursuit of nice days, 
so much appears to get done. The start of 
business hours finds the tennis courts 
crowded. Traffic rolls fast on the free- 
ways without the sound of horns. The 
factories are tucked away, the oil rigs 
painted to resemble feeding birds. No 
one pushes, no one shoves. It is as if there 
were two Californias loosely crocheted 
together, the one that does the business 
and the one that has the fun. 

Castroville is the Artichoke Capital of 
the World. 

Santa Maria is the Missile Capital of 
the Free World. 

California towns and cities also in- 
clude the world capitals of apricots, 
avocados, grapes, raisins, peaches, per- 
simmons, pomegranates, plums, prunes, 
lemons, nectarines, olives, dates, al- 
monds, walnuts and sugar beets. 

Los Angeles is the rock 'n roll, movie 
and TV capital, the world's most pon- 
dered city. 

CALIFORNIA exists in such a fine 
balance of the north and the south, 
the old and new money, the footloose 
and the hidebound, that its politics 
are necessarily those of contradiction and 
compromise. The voters will come to- 
gether on issues they take to be moral, or 
those that concern the environment. But 
when it comes to choosing their leaders, 
Californians have long displayed a keen 
instinct for neutralizing one man with 
another. Thus the Democratic governor is 
a Jesuit-Zen Buddhist of the liberal- 
conservative new awareness school, 
while the lieutenant governor (who av- 
idly plays house whenever the governor 
leaves the state) is an old-fashioned 
self-made Jaycee type, a boyish mil- 
lionaire, a metabolic Republican. And 
thus the two US senators are a somnolent 
Japanese-American septuagenarian whig 
whose campaign stressed the importance 
of repealing the child labor laws, and an 
inconspicuous liberal Democrat whose 
votes can be counted upon to cancel out 
his colleague's. Together, they make a 
tranquilizing pair. They could slip away 
tonight and not reduce Senate debate by a 

A schizophrenic approach to civics 
should not be surprising in the state that 
sent both Earl Warren and Richard Nixon 
to Washington. But it is a serious debility 

when the time arrives to get something 
accomplished. With its 43 members, the 
California delegation is the largest in 
Congress, but it is also among the least 
effectual. Its 25 Democrats and 18 Re- 
publicans make the California caucus 
unable to muster a united front on even 
the state's most parochial interests. Four 
years from now, the Central Arizona 
Water Project will cut by 50 percent the 
flow of Colorado River water on which 
southern California so heavily depends. 
But after years of public wrangling, no 
one in Washington or Sacramento has 
come up with a plan to achieve a measure 
of self-reliance. The same kind of stale- 
mate politics hinders resolution of all the 
major problems confronting the state — 
housing, health care, unemployment, 
energy. But in the absence of drought, 
famine, pestilence, or waiting lines at the 
gas pumps, no feeling of emergency in- 
trudes upon the lawmakers at their work. 
The assumption is that in a state this 
grand and glorious, things can't help but 
work out. 

Have a nice day. 

The highest point in the 48 contiguous 
states is Mount Whitney, California, 
14,494 feet; just 85 miles away is the 
lowest point, Death Valley, California, 
282 feet below sea level. The average 
July maximum temperature in Imperial 
County, California, is 107 degrees. On an 
average day, 8,854 persons are confined 
in the Los Angeles County jails; on a hot 
day, of course, there are more. 

The peculiar affinity of Californians 
for macabre acts of violence is a continu- 
ing source of fascination for local stu- 
dents of crime. Many believe that some 
unknown effect of climate or topography 
is unhinging to certain psychopaths, that 
there may be something disturbingly vag- 
inal about the canyons, something de- 
ranging in the winds, something about 
the way the ocean meets the shore. A 
more popular belief, however, is that the 
special lure of California happens to at- 
tract a great many people too weird for 
the places they grew up in, that its well- 
known tolerance for fakirs and kooks has 
made it a magnet for the mad. True 
enough, Charles Manson came from 
West Virginia. But still. 

Naturally, most California killings are 
simple mom-and-pop affairs, bang-bang 
across the coffee table. But when 
homicide inspecto-s in the West speak of 
the "California s idrome, " they are dis- 
cussing murder of another kind — 
murders in whic: he coroner counts 240 
stab wounds, mi ers that include ampu- 
tation, decapitat i, emasculation, ritual 

stabbing and wounding, the draining and 
drinking of blood. What unleashes this 
kind of rage — and why does it happen so 
much in California? 

It could be that some people just won't 
take no for an answer. By the time they 
find themselves outside Santa Cruz with 
a knife in their hand, they have exhausted 
every last indulgence. They have taken 
all the drugs, found all the sex, come as 
close to the edge as the Pacific tide al- 
lows. And even so their lives will not 
work out for them. The California dream 
is a sweet dream and a cruel one, too, a 
dream that leads to extremes. 

California may be first in the number 
of abortions, female alcoholics and di- 
vorces, but let's not forget that Georgia, 
Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, South 
Carolina, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, 
Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, 
New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Wash- 
ington, Oregon and Alaska all have 
higher divorce rates. 

ALTHOUGH Jerry Brown projects 
the image of a refreshing political 
maverick (a Sufi choir chants at his 
statehouse prayer breakfast, he vis- 
its Africa in the company of a female 
rock star not his wife), his politics in fact 
are almost printouts. He is the classic 
alert chameleon. Univac is his guide. 

When he stands alongside Jane Fonda 
and Tom Hayden at an antinuclear rally, 
when he confesses his moral aversion to 
capital punishment, when he appoints a 
woman chief justice of the state supreme 
court, Brown seems to be letting his con- 
science overcome his caution. But how 
much of a risk is he taking in a state 
where the average age is 26 and women 
represent about 60% of the vote? As for 
the rest — the challenge to voters to be 
mature enough "to lay a foundation for 
the future," the learned quotations from 
E. F. Schumacher 's Small is Beautiful — 
this is mainly tambourine music in a state 
where the overcollection of taxes results 
in a surplus of $2 billion a year. 

What appeals about Brown is the 
package, the shell, not necessarily the 
capacity to deliver. One index to his real 
influence is that during his incumbency 
the two highest offices under him have 
gone to conservative Republicans, a 
Democrat has been ousted from the US 
Senate, and California went for Gerald 
Ford by his largest plurality anywhere. 

One California issue on which the vot- 
ers spoke out in a way that was heard 
across the nation was the passage last 
year of Proposition 13, the property tax 
initiative that sets 1% as the absolute 


upper limit. Proposition 13 eliminated 
some $7 billion a year in state funds 
available to local governments, a blow 
Sacramento softened at once by heavy 
infusions of "bail-out" money. Each lo- 
cality was given the limited right to de- 
cide where the cuts would come, but the 
new austerity turned out to mean much 
the same thing everywhere: the library 
shortened its hours, the police and fire 
response became slower, the schools got 
by with fewer teachers and the hospitals 
with fewer nurses, there weren 't so many 
people in the parks picking up paper with 
pointed sticks. "Diminished expecta- 
tions" suddenly became a reality, and the 
governor, who at first had attacked the 
plan as a fraud, began to praise it in no 
milder terms than those employed by its 
author. Still, for all the attention it re- 
ceived, Proposition 13 has not been em- 
braced as a model of tax revolt by voters 
in other states. Similar initiatives have 
been proposed in more than a dozen 
places, but Idaho is the only state to have 
so far approved anything like it. 

If California leads American aware- 
ness in any important regard, it is in the 
protection of the environment, a matter 
on which the state is years, perhaps a 
generation, ahead of the rest of the coun- 
try. The California Environmental Qual- 
ity Act of 1970 was the first such in the 
nation, and none has come along since to 
strengthen or enlarge upon it. In 1973, 
California appointed the first state com- 
mission on energy, and its nuclear 
safeguard laws remain unique in the na- 
tion. Its coastal commission — which the 
voters established four years ago out of 
frustration at the lawmakers' inability to 
protect the state's matchless thousand- 
mile coastline — is by far the nation's 
most uncompromising. With more than 
600 public interest groups devoted to en- 
vironmental concerns, California legis- 
lators are continually kept aware of the 
correct Sierra Club position. And if on 
occasion these concerns seem to cost the 
state some business, there remains the 
feeling that all will be sustained. The sun 
keeps on shining. The surf keeps rolling 
in. "Charlie's Angels" has been renewed 
for another season. 

The Petaluma plan — first approved by 
the voters, then ratified in the courts — is 
a model antigrowth initiative, much 
copied in other places where growth is 
thought to equal blight. The plan restricts 
the number of new arrivals in areas where 
water and power hookups are required, 
giving cities and towns the right to decide 
how big they wish to be. It is the perfect 
expression of California conscious- 

ness — Johnny-cone-latelies striking out 
against Johnny- v ant-to-come-laters. In 
every California community where an- 
tigrowth measures have reached the bal- 
lot, their most ardent, conspicuous 
supporters have been not second- or 
third-generation "forever" people, but 
the most recent arrivals. For all its fabled 
openness, for all its devotion to clear 
streams and clean air, California is a 
bundled-up society where 94 percent of 
the people live on 2.5 percent of the land. 
In some important respects, the Califor- 
nia promise is best enjoyed from afar. 

California is third behind New York 
and Puerto Rico in food stamp use. In 
psychiatric outpatients, it runs a poor 
second to New York. California is far 
ahead in total births per year, but in total 
deaths New York is the clear leader. 
Looking at these figures, the question 
comes to mind: how long can this go on? 

GROWTH is quickening again in Cali- 
fornia, but no one quite knows why. 
For the first several years of this de- 
cade, there was an annual decline in 
the rates of both births and migration; 
now, both are picking up again. Califor- 
nia's growth in the past was always at- 
tached to some promotion — the gold 
rush, the railroads, the auto clubs, the 
movies. There was always someone to 
beat the drum, always some marvelous 
bonanza or cost overrun to take up the 
slack and heighten expectations for the 
future. Now, the state appears to be grow- 
ing from its own internal energy; the 
labor force in the past five years has in- 
creased by a million jobs. Every day in 
California, more than 500 new citizens 
show up with whatever they packed. By 
the end of every year, the state is richer by 
at least 100,000 new believers. 

California's 63,000 farms cover more 
than 36 million acres. Its Central Valley 
is the richest and most intensely culti- 
vated agricultural area in the world. On 
packaged seeds, a good part of California 
is colored bright pink to indicate Zone 
Number One; this tells gardeners or 
farmers that frost will not be a problem, 
that they can count on two crops a year. 

Nowhere have nature and culture 
combined to create a society where life is 
easier or more enticing. If you can forget 
the curse of the Dormer Party, forget that 
Chinese slave labor built the railroads 
and that braceros trucked in at night from 
Mexico were what made the agribusiness 
great, California seems almost a miracle. 
This could explain why the notion that 
the past does not count is so current in 
California thinking. 

Cults thrive in California. God knows 
why. The magnet argument used to ac- 
count for the state's bountiful supply of 
sexual psychopaths and mad-dog killers 
is often put forth to explain the cults as 
well. But even if cult members are in 
some way akin to the lone wolves who do 
most of the killing and maiming, clearly 
their answer to dread is dramatically 
different: instead of striking out they 
huddle. When the People's Temple 
disbanded after Jonestown, most of its 
remaining members formed an anti- 
People's Temple. Scientology and the 
various mind-science churches all enjoy 
a vigorous trade from people who be- 
come disenchanted with one only to 
swear allegiance to another. 

One thing cult members seem to have 
in common is a chilling sense of failure. 
When they talk about their lives before 
they entered the cloister, they describe a 
level of despair that surpasses normal 
experience. How could it ever have been 
that cold in Hollywood? How could any- 
one have been that lonely? Still, by pan- 
dering to dreamers and drifters as it has 
always done, California doubtless at- 
tracts a peculiarly gullible, hopeful kind 
of person, a person much in need of ec- 
static embrace once he arrives and starts 
looking for his place in Lotusland. 

Planes bound for California tend to be 
happy and excited planes. People drink 
and talk more than when headed the other 
way. In San Francisco and Los Angeles, 
polite conversation is the most foul- 
mouthed you'll hear anywhere in the 
country. This curious laxity of manners is 
especially striking in Beverly Hills, 
where no word or deed is too shocking to 
mention over dinner. Recklessness and 
daring are much admired in places where 
appearances count — and nowhere do ap- 
pearances count more than in California. 

Out beyond the faultline, the sun- 
change can get to you, causing you to 
become more and more self-absorbed, 
more and more narcissistic. You may not 
fully appreciate the power of this change 
in yourself, but it is easy to observe in 
others. A woman drives by with hair 
dyed to match her convertible. A friend 
stops you on the street and has kind 
words for your jacket and suntan but does 
not ask about your family or your work. 
A kind of vacuity attaches to much that 
passes for casual and mellow in this land 
of beautiful strangers. This above all is 
what has weakened California's vision of 
the future, this twice-too-easy content- 
ment that looks neither back nor ahead. 

Have a nice day. • 



For all its power and allure, the state has lost 

faith in its fundamental promise: that here 

was where the future would be invented. 


THERE are the 49 states, and then 
there is California — a nation within 
the nation. With an economy ex- 
ceeded by only seven countries in 
the world, California contributes 12% to 
the gross national product and leads the 
US in nearly every measure of prosperity 
and abundance. First in agriculture, 
fisheries, aerospace, construction; first 
in housing starts, personal income, 
population, jobs. California is the place 
where the dream endures, the world's 
most distracting hundred million acres. 
In places that pride themselves on the 
flow of steel from their furnaces or hogs 
through their abattoirs, there is some- 
thing bent or bloodied to every boast. In 
California, however, the sunny pursuit of 
pleasure is the greatest source of 
strength, for taken together, tourism and 
entertainment are even more important to 
the state's economy than industry or 
farming. No other state does more to 
encourage its people to enjoy them- 
selves — and there can hardly be another 
place on earth that offers more in the way 
of beauty and fun. The beach, the moun- 
tains, the movies, the parks: getting in- 
volved in the good life is what makes 
California work. This is where hedonism 
blurs with business, where bankers will 
shake hands on a hot tub loan, where the 
richest, most successful people are those 
with the deepest tans. 

Yet for all its obvious prowess and 
allure, California has in recent years lost 
faith in its fundamental promise: that 
here was where the future would be in- 
vented. To some, this was always a 
melancholy vision of the future — it was 
"Californication, " the march of the Taco 
Bells. But there was never much doubt as 
to its inevitability. Like it or not, Califor- 
nia had the answers. California would 
show the way. 

Barry Farrell is West Coast editor of 
Harper's. He grew up in Seattle and has 
lived in Los Angeles for ten years. 

Art by Everett Peck (after Saul Steinberg) 

Now, as California enters what its gov- 
ernor proclaims to be an era of "dimin- 
ished expectations," all the persistent 
problems of American society appear 
as bereft of solution in the Golden 
State as in the humbler, more restrictive 
places where for generations hopeful 
people pulled up stakes to try their luck 
out West. Unemployment, crime, rac- 
ism, poverty: up against these measures 
of breakdown and defeat, California be- 
comes just another state, struggling un- 
convincingly to make do. Its schools and 
health-care services rank barely above 
the national norms, while its mental hos- 
pitals sink ever deeper into scandal and 
disgrace. Its courts and prisons are 
dangerously overcrowded, its barrios 
and ghettos punitive and grim. It milks 
the rest of the West for water and power, 
then converts these borrowed blessings 
into mindless sprawl. In architecture and 
city planning, it offers mainly negative 
examples. In government and policy, it 
lacks both convictions and goals. It is, in 
effect, a state in retreat from the premise 
it was built upon; it has lost its commit- 
ment to the good life that once obtained 
in the land of the second chance. 

"It is hard to find California now, un- 
settling to wonder how much of it was 
merely imagined or improvised." Joan 
Didion, "Notes from a Native Daughter " 

People who immigrate don't look 
back. If they make their move and wind 
up finding nothing but fresh disappoint- 
ment, they don't betray it to those who 
stayed at home. This was true of the 
immigrants who passed through Ellis Is- 
land, and it is also true of Californ- 
ians — 22 million people, more than half 
of whom were born outside the state. 
They come out and they find the palm 
trees swaying exactly like they're sup- 
posed to. They find the sun truly shining 
and the ocean deep and cool. And if they 
also find roaches in the kitchen or 


California (clockwise from upper left): Pacifica homes tuck into the freeway and down 
the so-far powerless Diablo Canyon nuclear plant; boat glut in the parking lot of a crc 
castle; fun, fun, fun at the Oakland Coliseum; rebuilding in burned-out Malibu; agi 

potholes in the road, they are not much 
inclined to remark on it. They tell them- 
selves that coming to California was still 
the best shot 'hey could have taken, and 
when long aistance calls they stick to the 
weather report. They have, in the famil- 
iar phrase, run out of continent. After 
California, there is only turning back. 

Maintain > this mood of hopeful in- 
sistence ma> account for the bland and 


pleasant manner the world thinks of as 
typically Californian. But it also requires 
a forced indifference to what was left 
behind, and it is this indifference — 
which easterners often confuse for a lack 
of culture — that most clearly identifies 
the spirit of the people and the place. 
Convinced of their special place in the 
sun, Californians take no more than a 
polite interest in the rest of the US, and in 


The Man Behind 
the Chicken 

KGB's Rick Leibert is the enfant 
terrible of San Diego's airwaves 

Text and Photography by Richard Louv 

RICK LEIBERT, KGB program di- 
rector and San Diego radio's 30- 
year-old enfant terrible, is sitting 
behind his desk, bracketed by a humdn skull 
and a cardboard cutout of country-rock star 
Tanya Tucker. He is staring at a large photo 
of San Diego Stadium. Leibert is at once a 
collegiate Joe Cool, with an innocent looking 
baby face . . . and General George S. Patton 
planning his 48-hour march through northern 

"What if we had this thing lit; it starts 
smoking. Chicken is inside, a set piece, a 
rocket. People cheering. The countdown on 
the scoreboard: ten, nine, eight . . . 
BOOM!" Leibert shoots his hands straight 
up above him. Then, like a cloud of smoke, 
he settles back, scrunching down in his 
chair. He peers at his lieutenant, Jim Sauza, 
the self-described "crazy producer" of 
"Pyro-Spectaculars," headquartered in San 
Bernardino, the largest fireworks company 
in America. 

"And that's it?" asks Sauza, calmly 
straightening his tinted, aviator glasses. 
"Yeah. We just sent trie KGB Chicken 

Leibert has infused rock radio with patriotic 
fervor. His annual KGB Sky Shows brighten 
San Diego's night sky with a pyrotechnic ex- 
travaganza every year (during the rating sea- 
son), while simultaneously broadcasting a mix- 
ture of patriotic, rock and classical music. 

into outer space. To the theme of 2001 . 
That's good for 60 seconds . . . depending 
on how we ham it up." 

"Yeah ..." Sauza is staring. 

"You want more?" 

"More than 60 . . . like maybe the rocket 
could lift off slowly for about ten feet." 

"We need a lot of fire. Smoke, get a lot of 
smoke to cover our ass. Giant rocket trailing 
out a long, glowing tail. You know what I'm 

"Yeah." Sauza opens a Styrofoam cup of 
chili and begins to eat. 

Leibert slumps down further and just 
thinks about the spectacle of it all. A 25-foot 
rocket. The Chicken in space. The human 
cannonball of the 1980s. He and Sauza start 
ticking off the technical details: electronic 
mortars, real NASA simulators, and pre- 
burners "to move that sucker slowly." 
Sauza, inspired by the chili, is making 
rumbling noises with his mouth. "Going, 
going, gone," he says. 

"And that's the last time we see the 
Chicken," adds Leibert. 

"Too simple" 

"Simplicity is where it's at." 

"But how do we get the Chicken into a 
burning rocketship?" 

Leibert is quiet for a moment. "I can see 
the headlines." 

Fried Chicken. 

Leibert is planning KGB's Sky Show for 
this spring, San Diego's fourth an-ual 
fireworks extravaganza, in which KGB syn- 
chronizes patriotic, classical and rock music 
to a huge display of pyrotechnics flowering 
over the stadium at approximately $800 a 
minute. ("You paying me in diamonds?" 
asks Sauza. "In gunpowder," answers 
Leibert.) Including the rocket, a miniature 
fort and assorted boats plopped down on 
Padre Field, the set pieces alone will proba- 
bly cost over $6,000. And that's after 
Leibert decided the Chicken's final destina- 
tion was not going to be the Moon. 

Leibert, who personally produces his sky 
shows, even down to mixing the music, calls 
them "a new art form." Indeed, the first sky 
show, in 1976, set off simultaneously over 
Fiesta Island and the Chollas land fill ("A 
stereo sky show!"), backed up traffic on In- 
terstate 5 as far north as Del Mar, and as far 
east 6n Interstate 8 as Interstate 805. The city 
was slightly delirious that night. Leibert 
managed to transfix hundreds of thousands 
of people, with their eyes riveted to the sky 
and their ears locked into KGB. All over 
Mission Bay Park people set up huge, home 
stereos on the grass, plugged into their cam- 
pers, pickups, station wagons. 

While his critics insist Leibert overesti- 
mates his own talents; that he takes undue 
credit for KGB's creations, Leibert is widely 


". . . Poultry production is up at radio stations all around 
the country — chickens, turkeys, even buzzards; Leibert 
grumbles about the lack of creativity in the business . . ." 

recognized as the P. T. Barnum of rock radio. 
The sky show is just one of several institu- 
tions he has cultivated. For instance, Leibert, 
who settled here in 1972 after working at 
stations in Boston and Chicago, is known as 
the "Father of the KGB Chicken'" (though 
the Chicken was a collective creation). 

The Chicken — better known in San Diego 
and possibly more politically astute than 
Evelle Younger — recently commanded a 
two-page spread in People magazine, with 
the agreement that the publication would not 
reveal the face of Ted Giannoulas, 23, the 
Chicken's alter ego. People failed to live up 
to the agreement. "You don't take the mask 
off the old Lone Ranger," insists an out- 
raged Leibert. 

When Atlanta Hawks and Braves owner 
Ted Turner tried to lure the Chicken away 
from KGB with the promise of a $100,000 
salary, Leibert talked Giannoulas into stay- 
ing. "Sure I gave him a raise, but it's 
nowhere near what Turner offered. Think 
what Ted would have had to live up to. 
Everybody would have said, 'Whoa, a 
hundred thousand dollar chicken. Big deal. 
Better make me laugh. That's more than 
they 're paying the rookie of the year. ' ' ' This 
year, the Chicken published his autobiog- 
raphy, which sold out its first edition of 

Then there's the Homegrown album, an 
annual KGB creation. Leibert and a panel of 
judges, including local music critics like the 
San Diego Union's Bob Laurence, select 
songs from hundreds of submitted entries by 
local rock and country groups. The winners 
are pressed into posterity at a Los Angeles 
recording company, and the albums sold 
here for $1 .01 . Profits go to the United Way. 
The collections have included such notewor- 
thy selections as "Encanto Rag," "Spring 
Valley Sally," "(Fly in My Soup) Back to 
El Cajon Boulevard" and "Encinitas Ain't 
Cheap No More." Leibert passed up one 
song called "Down in La Jolla" by an un- 
known San Diegan musician named Steven 
Bishop. The song was dismissed because it 
was on a tape cassette, rather than the then- 

required-reel-to-reel. "Down in La Jolla" 
subsequently became "Down in Jamaica," a 
commercial Top 40 hit, and Bishop was des- 
ignated best new male vocalist of 1977 by 
the rock music industry. Says Leibert, "Not 
long ago I brought out that tape and played it 
for some of the judges, including Bob Laur- 
ence. I don't know if it would have been 
included in the album even if it lunl been 
considered ..." 

Even without Steven Bishop, Homegrown 
has been a consistent local hit, each year the 
best-selling album in the county, selling an 
average 50,000 a year. 

Leibert 's latest publicity-catching creation 
is "KGB Field." "Are you hip to KGB 
Field?" he asks. Last spring the radio station 
presented a $62,000 check to the city council 
and Mayor Pete Wilson (with the Chicken, 
naturally, doing the honors), as a gift desig- 
nated for the development of a soccer field 
on city land near Balboa Park. "I started 
thinking about this project three or four years 
ago, wondering how we could set the un- 
employed to work landscaping park land. 
Real naive idea, because the parks depart- 
ment has everything planned out; they didn't 
want to depend on the unemployed, with 
maybe a band playing, and soup served, and 
concert tickets handed out ..." Actually, 
Leibert started discussing this idea with the 
park department after the city nixed future 
sky shows over Fiesta Island. The park de- 
partment feared spectators would ruin 
three-quarters of a million dollars in recent 
landscaping. "The city's risk manager 
wanted us to put up a $5 million bond for 
landscape damage and police overtime." 

KGB perhaps had an auxiliary motive in 
helping the city. Along with other stations, 
KGB had been denied a permit to hold any 
large concerts in the stadium, following the 
1972 KGB Charity Ball. In addition to fire 
department regulations, which required 
"enough exits to handle an earthquake," the 
police, according to Leibert, "identified a 
haze over the stadium as marijuana smoke 
during the charity concert. What a hype! In 
any case, these standards were applied to us 

but not to Billy Graham or the Grossmont 
Marching Band. 

"So the KGB Field idea developed. Soc- 
cer is the fastest growing sport for young 
people, and we didn't have a soccer field 
here, except the one at Robb Field." Leibert 
suggested to the KGB owners that a donation 
to the city was in order, complete with elabo- 
rate press ballyhoo. Not only would it create 
headlines, but the field would be an in- 
stitutionalized advertisement for decades: a 
sort of prone billboard. 

Leibert has visions. He and Howard Jar- 
vis, in fact, must order their visions from the 
same studio. "I admittedly came up with 
this KBG Field idea before Proposition 13. 
But now I see this as a way to fund civic 
projects that would never get built. In the 
post Prop.- 13 area, we're going to have to 
come up with some creative ways to fund 
projects, and this is one of them. I see us 
doing more of this in the future. Maybe a day 
camp for Scouts on Fiesta Island. Robb Field 
is only partially completed. I see this as a 
precedent for a lot of other companies. I see 
them stepping forward . . ." 

The idea is not original. Andrew Carnegie 
built his libraries that way. But it's been 
years since young businessmen talked of 
grand philanthropy, and the possibilities are 
intriguing. Unfortunately, municipalities, in 
selling chunks of themselves, may be laying 
themselves open to even more corporate con- 
trol than they already endure. 

How has KGB Field affected Leibert 's re- 
lations with the fire department and other 
permit-providing agencies? 

He shrugs and grins. "I haven't had any 
problems recently ..." 

SAN DIEGO has long been known as 
one of the best radio markets in the 
country. Over half of the city's radio stations 
are rock-oriented. So it is not unusual for 
there to be here a handful of some of the 
"greatest programmers in the country." ac- 
cording to Mike Harrison, director of Good 
Phone Communications, headquartered in 
Los Angeles. Harrison himself is among a 

select and small group of national radio con- 
sultants, who measure and direct the 
mainstream of American radio. Good Phone 
Communications, for instance, is hired by 
hundreds o\ radio stations to provide com- 
puterized programing packages which tend 
to make stations sound much the same. 

Harrison, an ex-programmer at KPRI. 
claims to have coined the term "AOR" (Al- 
bum Oriented Rock), a format favored by 
many stations. Harrison aims at "'smorgas- 
bord" programing, suggesting songs which 
appeal to the 'highest common de- 
nominator." His technique leaves little room 
for local experimentation. 

While Leibert does not use Harrison's 
services, Harrison describes KGB as "ex- 
tremely well rounded: more so than most sta- 
tions that claim to be. Leibert is absolutely 
one of the ten best programmers in the coun- 
try. His station is more than the sum of its 
parts. What he does on the air. added to what 
he accomplishes in his off-air events, makes 
KGB special. Leibert and those similar to 
him. are the hope of the visionary program- 
mers of the '80s who want to go for the 
gold ring." 

Along with Leibert, though not receiving 
quite so much praise. Harrison includes 
"great" San Diego programmers Jessie 
Bullet at KPRI; Gene Knight at the new 
91-X, and C.C. McCartney at B-100. 
(McCartney, by the way, is credited by Har- 
rison as one of the pioneers of the next incar- 
nation of Top 40 stations: "Top Track," a 
programing technique which pits popular 
album tracks against each other in much the 
same way that Top 40 set up competition 
between 45-rpm discs.) 

Nevertheless, Leibert is seen by Harrison 
as one programmer who has transcended 
rock formats, by making his station much 
more than audible vibrations. 

However, Leibert, who claims the term 
"mellow radio" to be his own (there seem to 
be so many format terms around, that almost 
every programmer or consultant can claim 
one for his very own), dismisses Harrison, 
along with another giant consultant, 
Atlanta-based Lee Abrhams. Leibert claims 
they're obsolete. "Abrhams is 100 percent 
computerized. He goes to his computer and 
asks it what cuts on Linda Ronstadt's latest 
album will become national hits. The compu- 
ter spits out her song 'Living in the U.S.A.," 
and Abrhams immediately commands all of 
his associated stations to play that song." On 
the other end of the spectrum is KNX 's Steve 
Marshall, the chief adherent to the "gut- 
feel" school of thought, which means the 
programmer goes completely on his own 
instincts. Leibert sees himself half-way 
between Harrison- Abrhams and 
Marshall. "We don't subscribe to any big 
consultant. We do our own forms of 
research — surveys at record stores, on-the- 

street interviews, and other methods I'm not 
going to reveal — on the local rather than na- 
tional scene. Plus, I add my gut-feel, assisted 
by my program manager, Ed Hamlin, and his 

All of this is complicated by several other 
concurrent trends. The baby-boom bulge is 
getting older; the average age in America is 
now 29. So programmers, looking at the 
demographics, adjust to an aging market. 

"'The war is over. We're worrying about 
making mortgage payments and what kind of 
wine to drink," says Leibert. He sees this, 
along with technological changes — like 
cable radio — serving to fragmentize the au- 
dience, with disco fanatics demanding disco 
stations, soft-rock fans listening to soft-rock 
stations, news freaks listening to all-news 
stations. "I see Kiddie-stations on the 
way — specifically for very young listeners." 
So both the homogenization and the frag- 
mentation of radio are happening at the same 

time. Plus, radio stations are getting richer 
by the day. Like magazines, they are enjoy- 
ing substantial run-off advertising revenue 
from over-priced TV. That means a lot of 
money for special events, like sky shows and 
on-air experimentation. 

Harrison himself, at least during a phone 
interview, seems to be moving away from 
strict formating toward the kind of minute- 
to-minute programing espoused by Leibert, 
though Harrison does not necessarily em- 
phasize the local angle as strongly as Leibert. 

During the '70s, a handful of consultants 
formated the techniques of some of the great, 
progressive disc jockeys of the '60s, who 
had moved away from the Top 40 hits toward 
album cuts, more creative, esoteric rock, ac- 
cording to Harrison. The consultants poured 
the particular mixes of song types, along with 
the brands of disc-jockey personalities, into 
a kettle, stirred them together, bottled them 
continued on page 199 



* ft 

Hollywood Hills. "Five or six more turns brought the car to the top of the hill. Below 
and behind lay the plain, with the city like a map extending indefinitely into a pink 
haze." (Aldous Huxley, After Many a Summer Dies the Swan.) 


Finishing Touches 

It's now time to reevaluate your make-up for 
the evening. For too King, evening make-up 
meant brighter colors, sparkly glitter make- 
up. For night, build up the colors, increasing 
their intensity, .lust a drop more eye color 
and rouge, refresh the lip and . . voila! 
Dance up a storm, share intimate secrets over 
duck a I orange with husband or paramour. 
You, not your make-up. will be admired. 

Peter Halloek believes that any woman 
can master these techniques. '"A woman 
owes it to herself to find the very best 
make-up procedure that makes her look and 
feel the very best. She doesn't have to go to 
great lengths; once she gets the general 
technique, she can experiment once she 
knows how to do it. " 

How can he be so sure? "Seeing is 
believing. "# 

Hair Styling 

continued from page 133 

trend, reports Zimmerman. 

The near future holds other goodies to 
which women must adjust. Expect more in- 
tricate braiding and wrapping. Hats and 
veils, they say, are coming back, too. Hats 
are Zimmerman's specialty, and he has 
strong views on how they should be worn. 
"After-dark hats and especially veils are 
happening now," he says. 

Zimmerman is a big fan of veils. "The 
mystery of veils makes them attractive," he 
explains. Hats are not for every woman, 
especially the small hats in style this season, 
but the new hairstyles are right. "Generally 
all hairstyles now can be adapted to the hat," 
Zimmerman says. 

A hat is one more way to express yourself 
and Zimmerman thinks that incentive and 
their novelty will make hats catch on. 
"People under 30 have never worn a hat be- 
fore," he says. "They add a dimension to 

His version of the perfect face for a hat has 
"beautiful, prominent facial bones. With a 
face like that you can just stretch back your 
hair, put a hat on it and look good." 

Another thought about hats: "Hair that 
goes under a hat has to be able to fit under a 
hat," warns Halloek. "So that anything that 
is extremely bouffant or contrived isn 't going 
to work." 

The total look and all that goes with it 
needs a total hairdresser who is up to date 
and will consider all your needs — fashion, 
facial features and lifestyle — before he or she 
starts snipping. 

"I think the word here is communica- 
tior|," says Halloek. "It is essential to be 
able to talk to the person who is going to 

do your hair. You are going to have to live 
with it. 

"Communication is very important so that 
he or she knows what your lifestyle is like, 
what it is that you want or don't want, so he 
can design or create a hairstyle most suitable 
for you . " # 

Rick Leibert 

continued from page 85 

and sold them to radio stations around the 
country in search of quick boosts in the rat- 
ing game. "We're experiencing a backlash 
to that, though," says Harrison. "Stations 
glorified the means instead of the ends, and 
now there's a movement back toward crea- 
tive programing." Hence, programmers like 
Leibert emerge, who experiment with new, 
subtle mixtures of sounds and information, 
and come up with new recipes which Harri- 
son says "will probably be formated by a 
whole new slew of consultants in the '80s." 

The trouble with discussing all of the 
on-air subtleties is, as Leibert says, "If you 
can describe a station's 'sound,' the station is 
already dead, a caricature of itself." Tags 
and terms come and go with the frequency of 
the latest stars: As soon as you're sure mel- 
low radio dominates the American radio 
market, disco comes along. Incarnations fol- 
low incarnations: MOR (Middle-Of-The- 
Road) which used to push singers like 
Sinatra, becomes AOR (Album-Oriented- 
Rock) ... or was it mellow that it became? 
"Sinatra died and went to Vegas," an- 
nounces Leibert. "Mellow radio is dead," 
claims Abrhams. "They said that about rock 
'n roll," counters Leibert. In any case, it 
takes very little time for progressive to be- 
come passe. And you can begin to wonder if 
the labels have meaning at all. 

"On the whole, all the local stations are 
playing it safe right now," says Bob Laur- 
ence, a San Diego Union entertainment wri- 
ter, "especially on the AM. KGB is not a 
very exciting station to listen to. My car only 
has an AM radio, so I flip back and forth 
among the stations. Magic 91, especially at 
night, will play the most interesting variety 
of records, but basically all the stations are 
boring." KGB-AM is "mellow," KGB-FM 
plays "two-fisted" rock, which Laurence, 
37, prefers. 

Part of the homogenization of radio is the 
fault, not of the programmers, but of the na- 
ture of rock. "People forget rock has been 
around for 25 years. One thing that keeps it 
alive is that it envelops any kind of style: 
country, classical, folk," Laurence says. 

Another reason Leibert stands out — for 
what he does off the air — is that popular 
music is in one of its periodic slumps, ac- 
cording to Lee Abrhams, the country's most 
powerful radio consultant, who calls himself 

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a "radio doctor." Abrhams and his com- 
pany, Burkhart-Abrhams and Associates, 
have done an extensive sociological study of 
radio and popular music over the last 25 
years. The study is important, since the 
academic community has virtually ignored 
radio, considering it a "minority medium." 
Abrhams charted periods of lull and inten- 
sity, and attached to these periods identifi- 
able, repetitive traits. For instance, during 
the peaks, which seem to happen every four 
or five years, music is exciting, a stimulator 
of culture, rather than just pleasant 
background sound. During the intense 
periods whole new generations identify 
themselves. People actually listen to the 
words. And there develops increased market- 
ing of new technological breakthroughs. The 
hi-fi and stereo were popularized during 
periods when music captured the public's 
imagination. Peak artists are represented by 
Bill Haley. Chuck Berry, the Beatles and the 
Rolling Stones. 

But during the lull periods, dancing comes 
back (today's reincarnation is disco and 
Saturday Nii>ht Fever); the musical artist re- 
cedes into the background and the producers 
take over. Abrhams mentions Paul Revere 
and the Raiders and the Bee Gees as groups 
which represent lull periods, during which 
no lasting contributions are made to popular 

Abrhams guides his radio stations by fore- 
casting the ebb and flow of music, and pre- 
dicts that 1981 will mark the next peak 
period. "I haven't really heard that much 
about what Leibert does on the air," says 
Abrhams, "but as far as his off-air gimmicks 
go, good show business works during any 

Thus, Leibert, who has been a program- 
mer for ten years, (six of them at KGB) ..js 
survived in a profession which with awe- 
some speed consumes programmers and 
jocks (jocks is the new word; disc jockey is 
passe — Leibert prefers "air personali- 
ty")- Television and radio people lead a 
vagabond life, moving from one market to 
the next every two or three years — or even 
months. They remain at the mercy of the 
six-month rating conducted by the Arbitron 
Company, headquartered in Beltsville, 
Maryland. "It's like playing football all sea- 
son, but only seeing the scoreboard light up 
twice a year. It makes people crazy," says 

But in staging events outside the normal 
terrain of radio, Leibert has managed to cir- 
cumvent the total dependence on program- 
ing. So KGB's turnover is somewhat less 
than at most other stations. He seems to have 
become that rarest of creatures in radio: the 
permanent fixture. 

His seeming lack of concern about the rat- 
ings works fine as long as KGB is on top. If 
you combine its most recent ratings for AM 
and FM, it is. 

Although Rick Leibert 's longevity is univ- 
ersally respected locally, his personality 
is not. 

Says Reader publisher, Jim Holman, 
"He's the ultimate hype artist, in that he'll 
do anything to promote his station. Every- 
thing he does, he describes as the 'biggest.' 
He deals in hyperbole, which I guess is 
where the word 'hype' comes from. He 
taught me early what radio people were 
like." Holman still resents Leibert "scream- 
ing" at him over the phone in 1972, demand- 
ing free ad space for KGB's charity ball, 
space which the Reader provided. Leibert 
says, "I don't remember talking to Holman. 
That might have been Ron Jacobs ( Leibert 's 
predecessor), who was good at that kind of 
thing. I didn't know nearly as much about 
San Diego then. I don't think I would have 
yelled at Holman then." 


"But I would now." 

KPRI's program manager, and a former 
Leibert employee, Jessie Bullet (real name: 
Richard Bollen) offers, "How can I say 
this and be nice? I couldn't work for him. 
This may ruin my career in San Diego, 
but . . . nobody over there likes him that 
much. Professionally, I hate the little S.O.B. 
Radio is like football. I'd love to bring him 
down." Bullet admits that some of his an- 
tipathy came about because he was a "frus- 
trated, 30-year-old jock who wanted 10 be a 
programmer," working under the younger, 
cocksure Leibert. 

Leibert says, "I don't think Jessie means 
it. He just wanted to program KGB. Unfor- 
tunately for him, I am the programmer. I 
think we always got along great." He de- 
scribes Bullet as the "consumate an- 
nouncer," which any programmer would 
consider a backhanded compliment. 

All of this has something to do with the 
peculiarly vicious world of radio. According 
to the Union's Don Freeman, "I find the 
competition in radio is not even a friendly 
rivalry. I can't explain it. There's no neutral 
voice in radio." 

Reminded that his critics complain that he 
takes undue credit for KGB's success and 
events, Leibert emphasizes that the Home- 
grown album was "created by Ron Jacobs, 
the all time great programmer, Bill Hergon- 
son (Captain Billy), and me; and executed by 
Jacobs and me." The sky show, Leibert 
says, was "my idea, executed with the help 
of Jim Sauza." The idea of the Chicken 
(along with the defunct Tyrone the Frog), 
was "my idea, executed by Ted, and Ralph 
Haberman, Ted's manager and bodyguard." 
And KGB Field was "my idea, executed by 
the station owners." 

Regardless of who is responsible, the 
ideas are being stolen and copied around the 
country. Atlanta and Miami boast their own 
Homegrown albums and sky shows. Cincin- 

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nati and Philadelphia produce Homegrown 
albums. Poultry production is up at radio sta- 
tions all around the country — chickens, tur- 
keys, even buzzards. Leibert grumbles about 
the lack of creativity in the business: every 
good idea is cloned. 

"You have to give him credit for what he 
does," says KPR1 general manager Dex Al- 
len. "He does it well. For us to try to do 
anything that would smack of copying 
them . . . well, we'd never do it. It would 
be foolish to try to counter-program ..." 

Nonetheless, KPRI, in 1975, did hire a 
mime to represent this station on the street. 
KFMB commissioned five "bees" to attend 
football games one season. And KCBQ's sis- 
ter station in Milwaukee, WOKY (both 
stations are owned by Charter Oil) recently 
introduced their latest creations, the WOKY 
Chicken . . . and a sky show. 

LEIBERT CROWS, "I've learned you 
can accomplish anything you really 
want to." 

Asserting that he is constantly "banaged 
by the trades" to reveal the innermost work- 
ings of his mind, and the ways in which KGB 
dominates its market, he says he has a lot of 
new plans incubating, "but you don't hatch 
all your eggs in public." 

Among his ideas are plans to extend some 
experimental on-air techniques already being 
used on KGB. For instance, KGB's San 
Diego Times, a series of short features which 
run throughout the day, give his announcers a 
chance to be creative. Along with the newsy 
features, mixed sometimes creatively with 
background music, are offbeat spots like 
Lany Himmel's sports pieces. "Larry as- 
sumes a variety of identities, including 
'Freddy Capistrano,' a New York high- 
energy, obnoxious sports announcer; and 
'Swami Sweatsocks' — he kills me — who 
used to be the head guru and tennis instructor 
at the Solana Beach Zen Tennis Club. 

"Swami 's no fool. When he saw the 
Friars folding, he decided the tennis fad was 
over. So now he's a part-time ski instructor at 
the Alpine Meadows Ski Lodge and Con- 
dominium high atop Mt. Helix — from where 
he gives his weekly ski reports." Leibert is 
planning to produce a local comedy album, 
starring Himmel, who moonlights at the 
Comedy Store. Himmel asserts that Leibert 
"saved radio for me, by allowing me to be 

One of the entertainers Leibert allows to 
ramble on KGB's airwaves is Timothy Leary. 
Remember him? Leary used to be the high 
priest of LSD (although he denies that now, 
having served a jail-stint and changed his 
chief interest from drugs to the colonizing of 
outerspace). Now Tim Leary wants to be a 
radio star and has hooked up with KGB jock 
Gabriel Wisdom in syndicated shows called 
Joyful Wisdom, in which futurists and other 
seers are interviewed. "Leary wants the 


whole show (o himself," says Leibert. "I'm 
humoring him." Of late, Leary has been 
going around the country proclaiming radio 
programmers are the new high priests of cul- 
ture, out ahead of everybody else. The man 
who coined the slogan, "tune in. turn on, 
drop out" is now bowing to the phrase- 
makers who gave us MOR. AOR and mellow. 
His proclamations may help his syndication. 
What is interesting, though, is that the prog- 
rammers themselves, and radio consultants, 
don't deny his claims. Says Mike Harrison, 
who calls him Dr. Leary, "Radio has always 
been the hippest and most immediate 
medium." Lee Abrhams agrees. "Radio 
programmers are farther ahead of the culture 
than TV programmers, because they aren't 
encumbered with the corporate structure. 
They can change faster." Leibert basically ag- 
rees with Leary. So does Jessie Bullet. Which 
may say as much about how the medium feeds 
egos, as about the medium itself. Stay tuned. 
Leibert is also pondering a more in-depth, 
serious radio journalism, calling it "para- 
journalism," which would mix sound effects, 
music and words in a documentary form 
played during premium hours. "That would 
be the most exciting innovation radio's seen in 
a long time." And he's thinking about con- 
ducting a crusade to move Lindbergh Field, 
"which is something that gets me personally 

That Leibert has a flare for the dramatic 
should come as no surprise, considering his 

He gets absolutely uncool, actually ex- 
cited, when he describes it. 

"My father was the chief organist at Radio 
City Music Hall, and my mother was a 
Rockette. I remember, as a little boy, sitting 
backstage and watching all those long legs, 
and tall ladies and hard make-up. The corps 
de ballet performed in the same hall; a sym- 
phony orchestra would rise up from a pit on 
17 steam-generated elevators, and so many 
curtains you couldn't keep track of it all. My 
father also played organ on the radio soap 
operas. I 'd go down to the CBS studio and sit 
on the bench with him as he played for shows 
like The Second Mrs. Burton, and Stella Dal- 
las and Brighter Day — that one was on TV. 
I'd watch the radio director and the actors 
with their scripts, and I'd rush home and lis- 
ten on the radio to what I'd seen. I was hung 
up on the sound effects . . . 

"These were everyday experiences for 
me. I guess that's why I get a lot more ex- 
cited about all the crazed projects than on-air 
programing. If it was just music, I would 
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Does he ever fear that the Disney — P.T. 
Barnum — inside of him is trapped, stunted 
because of the limiting nature of radio? 

"The Disney in me is already out! He's 
running around in a chicken suit, exploding 
over San Diego every year, pressed into 
vinyl! Not only that, but I get paid!" 

George Gerbner, one of the nation's media 
gurus, and dean of the Annanberg School of 
Communications, insists, "Quality has noth- 
ing to do with radio. All it is is environ- 

At that, Leibert rolls his eyes. "I grew up 
in radio. God, it was more than environment. 
It was the front seat of the car. It was the 
Zombies, the Rolling Stones. It was going to 
school and talking about who won the Rec- 
ord Review Contest on Murray the K, and 
seeing who had tickets to go to the Brooklyn 
Fox on Easter. It was growing up . . . 

"Sure, radio is geting worse instead of 
better. But technology is way ahead of radio 
right now. There's more ways to reach 
people than through the air. There's cable. 
And satellite transmission, which is going to 
mean coast-to-coast superstations. There's 
everything to do, and I'll be there. Radio can 
become an institution for a community. 
That's what most programmers don't under- 
stand. You just can't measure yourself only 
by the rating Arbitron hands out." 

Still, the true nature of radio is more 
precise — and perhaps dehumanizing — than 
a rush of nostalgia and visions. A few days 
after the PSA crash in North Park, Leibert sat 
in his office doodling. On his desk was a 
newspaper clipping, a photo of the jet plum- 
meting to the ground. 

Absently, Leibert traced and retraced four 
letters on the plane. 

The letters were: KPRI.# 


continued from page 107 

are giveaways or are mailed to you at nomi- 
nal cost. If you want to bake, and have any 
grain allergies, but aren't inhospitable to all 
grains, the best little book to start you off is 
El Molino Mills Cookbook, which has gone 
into many, many editions. Send $2 to the 
company at 345 North Baldwin Park 
Boulevard, City of Industry, California 
91746 (and add sales tax). 


Aspirin, another substance which gets 
around a lot, in a deceptive sort of way, is a 
source of trouble to the touchy, the sensitive 
and the allergic. For them, allergists usually 
recommend Tylenol as a pain-killer; of 
course, a wary eye be kept on possible liver 
damage which might result from Tylenol 
overuse. Darvon ranks second among local 
allergists' recommendations for the easing 
of pain. 

[Francois D. Uzes on the Nevada border, 2*4*79] 

[21- machines at the Cal-Neva Lodge, 2*3*79] 


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1 8 

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he borders of Califor- 
nia, contrary to popular 
belief, are not fixed, in- 
visible lines varying on- 
ly according to which 
direction they run. One 
of these borders is an 
ocean; another is a river. 
One border is a barrier 
designed to keep Mex- 
icans out; another is a 
psychological contain- 
ment device designed to 
keep Californians in; 
still another may not 
even be there at all, al- 
though it is certainly 
somewhere. The boun- 
dary (right) is the bar- 
rier, the southern border 
between San Ysidro, 
California, and Colonia 







[The Colorado River near Parker, Arizona, 3*4*79] 

[Abandoned car near Tijuana, 2*19*79] 


ONE DOLLAR • AUGUST 13, 19 79 

Great midsummer reading: 
Charlie Haas . . . Michael Fessier Jr. . . . 
Jeanie Kasindorf and. . . John Gregory Dunne, 
beginning our new monthly column/: 


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That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health. 

Notes on the Acid Renaissance 
By Charlie Haas 

TERRY (NOT HIS REAL NAME) sits cross-legged on 
a mattress covered with an intricately patterned Indian 
bedspread, looking around his living room, his alert eyes 
moving from a sand candle to a strobe light to a map of Mid- 
dle-earth to a poster of the Milky Way to a hollowed-out tele- 
vision set whose inside is papered with a fluorescent op-art 
print. Terry explains, with one of his frequent giggles, that 
the decor "probably has a lot to do with acid." Terry, who is 
30, has taken hundreds of "trips" on LSD ("acid"), a power- 
ful hallucinogenic drug that is the center of a Hold the god- 
damn phone! What is this, Family Weekly in 1965? 

Well, no; see, the inside joke here is that I was at Terry's 

house some months ago, out in that gray moral area between 
downtown L.A. and Pasadena, and while some of the objets 
around the room are souvenirs, he is not. Or if he is, he has a 
lot of company. LSD — the scariest and most tantalizing thing 
you can buy without a prescription, the white hope for instant 
psychotherapy that became a CIA toy and a bazooka in the 
Bohemian arsenal, the portable Lourdes that oiled the transi- 
tion of American youth from Elvis to Elvish and made all 
those honor students start dressing funny and Printing up 
those unreadable purple-and-aqua posters — tha/LSD — is as 
nationally popular now as it was ten years ago, despite the 
fact that the same media which then could speak of nothing 

\ . . Acid without granny 

glasses? Acid without 

Vietnam? Acid without the 

Strawberry Alarm Clock? 
Acid without freakouts?. . ." 



else are now virtually silent on the subject. Among people 
who swallow it or sell it, or who monitor its use from the van- 
tage point of drug-abuse counseling, there is some sporting 
disagreement as to whether acid has been enjoying a renais- 
sance for about two years or never went away in the first 
place, with the former view in the majority. But there is a 
consensus on at least two points: The bad trips and mental 
casualties that made such hot copy in the '60s seem to have 
diminished radically, and the volume of acid changing hands 
suggests that there are actually more users now than there 
were a decade ago./ 

Terry is of the never-went- 
away persuasion. A purchas- 
ing agent for a nonprofit orga- 
nization, he wears his dirty- 
blond hair shoulder-long, with 
a jazzbo chin beard. He first 
took acid in 1968, when he 
was a history major at Occi- 
dental, and has been doing it 
regularly ever since. "Let's 
see," he says, "when was the 
last time I dropped? Well, we 
had our big party here — we 
have it once a year, and 
there's a punch, and usually 
70 to 100 people come, and 30 
or 40 will have some punch, 
and some of them will have a 
lot. That was the last time I 
dropped, about six weeks ago. 
And I'm still amazed each 
time. I mean, my head goes 
places it's never gone before, 
and although it's not shock- 
ing, it's still extremely pleas- 
ant. It's much more recrea- 
tional now. The first year of tripping, it was . . . theological. 
But now that I'm older and I've done it hundreds of times, I 
feel that — no, wait, it's not true, the party wasn't the last time 
I dropped. There's been another time since then. I did mush- 
rooms for The Lord of the Rings."" 

WHILE TERRY HAS BEEN persistently finding and 
taking LSD for the past thirteen years, most of the 
users now in their thirties seem to be people who were 
taking acid up until the early '70s, stopped for a few years for 
reasons ranging from decreased availability to career demands 
to neural fatigue, and have started again within the past year 
or two* For Susan (not her real name either), a professional 
psychologist who resumed tripping last year after a four-year 
layoff, the ability to enjoy acid became the single clearest index 
of her emotional equilibrium. jT 

"In 1970, '71, at college, I was dropping at least once a 
week, sometimes twice, doing a ritual kind of thing of driving 
out to the desert at midnight and doing acid and watching the 
sun come up. That period of dropping very frequently was 
brief, but I continued dropping about once a month. Then to- 
ward . . . let's see, time is a difficult thing for me to conceptual- 
ize .. . well, I continued that lifestyle through my master's 
program. I got my master's, then got a full-time job with a 
mental health agency and worked there for a few years. I 
helped start one of the centers and was in charge of it for a 

couple of years. 

"I'm not sure when, but in 
'73 or '74, I started having a 
lot of difficulty with acid. I 
would be afraid of what was 
happening to my body. There 
was some kind of tape loop in 
my brain — I'd drop some acid, 
begin to feel stoned, feel the 
rush, and say, Wow, my body 
feels different, I wonder what's 
wrong with it. I feel really 
tight in my throat, I wonder 
why, maybe I better go to the 
hospital. Occasionally I would 
go to the hospital, and nothing 
would be wrong. 

"Looking back, I realize 
that I was stuck on a develop- 
mental level of working 
through a nonconscious pat- 
tern that I didn't understand. I 
think what was going on was 
that I'd taken enough acid so 
that I was open to levels of my 
unconscious' that I hadn't pre- 
viously been open to, and I 
was not in a good psychological health space. I was having 
trouble with interpersonal relationship stuff, going through 
heavy questioning of myself and what I was doing — which in- 
cluded the question: Do professional psychologists take 
LSD? — hassles with the guy I was living with, pressure from 
my parents to be somebody I wasn't. 

"S/Tn '74, after about four of these experiences, I decided to 
stop for a while and work on myself in therapy. I did that for a 
long time, constantly questioning whether I could take it again. 
It was like a test of me as a human being — can I handle it 
again? I went through a period of using no drugs at all, not 
even marijuana — I don't believe in prescription drugs, so I 
wasn't using those anyway — and then I took a lot of drugs, 
excluding LSD. 

"Then, in 1978, I decided I could handle psychedelics again. 
I did it and liked it, and I feel that whatever was going on with 

". . . I'm still amazed each 
time. My head goes places 

its never gone before, 

although its not shocking. 

Its more recreational now'. . " 


AUGUST 13, 1979 

Illustrated hv Victor Moscoso 

me in 1974, I've worked through. It's interesting: When I do it 
now I can see in my head, almost like when you're driving 
down the freeway and you see a sign coming up — I can see that 
tape of Wow-my-body-feels-different-somcthing's-wrong com- 
ing up and I don't plug it into the machine. In fact I now have 
a counlerlape that says, 'Oh, that's the same old nonsense, I 
don't need to pay attention to that.' 

"I notice some differences since I started again. In the old 
days, I might have gotten some ideas about what should be 
done to save the country and I'd want to let people know about 
it. Now if I have those 
thoughts it's like, those are 
nice thoughts, it's nice that I 
know, but I'm not going to do 
anything about it." 

Y r ES, BUT . . . ACID 
without granny glasses? 
Without the Peanut But- 
ter Conspiracy or the Straw- 
berry Alarm Clock? Acid 
without Vietnam? Acid when 
the press and the movies have 
cocaine running relentlessly 
around their highly collective 
brain (although High Times 
runs the cover line welcome 
back lsd and quotes a nation- 
wide price of $2 to $3 a trip)? 
Afid without freakouts? 
/Nancy Shannon, an intense, 
30-ish woman who speaks as if 
she has learned to cover a lot 
of ground in 50 minutes, was, 
until recently, the clinical di- 
rector of Do It Now, an 
eleven-year-old, nonprofit, 
"nonjudgmental" drug-abuse counseling agency in Hollywood, 
funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. (She has 
since started an independent counseling center.) 

"In the late '60s," Shannon says, "we were seeing a lot of 
LSD freakouts. We don't see that anymore. I think a lot of that 
is cultural change. A lot of freakouts were people responding to 
propaganda, to a cultural milieu that sent implicit messages 
that it was not okay to alter your consciousness in that way. A 
bad-vibe kind of message. What we see now are a lot of people 
who are doing it and not having any trouble with it. /^ 

"The experience generally has changed. I think in the '60s, 
especially after '66 when it became illegal, there was a sense of 
defiance — a matter of 'They don't want us to take it and we 
know it's good and let's do it.' Now it's much more accepted to 
let on that you've tried LSD, and as a result the sense of com- 
munity that grew out of that defiance has diminished. It's not 

like We Arc the Flower Children, but rather I Am Myself, in 
my own world, doing it for me. I think people still get insights 
about politics on LSD, but rather than taking that energy and 
going out with it, they're keeping it to themselves and saying. 
The way I'm going to cope with it in my life is this.' A great 
many people in the medical and health professions, healers. 
doctors, psychologists, having gone through their own LSD ex- 
periences, have been trying to find out how to do that without 
the drug, through meditation, Zen, yoga and kundalini." 
And then there are the great many people who are still doing 

it with acid, like Terry. "The 
first time I took it, in '68, ab- 
solutely nothing happened," 
Terry says. "I was terribly dis- 
appointed. I had studied acid. 
I was fascinated by Leary, Al- 
pert, Metzner, all those people 
at Harvard, and I'd been read- 
ing Life magazine, which had 
a great special issue on it, with 
people cringing in the corners 
looking at their cats — really 
marvelous stuff; it made me 
think, 'Boy, I need to have this 
right away.' But, the first 
time, no effect; and the second 
time, almost no effect. 

"The third time, this friend 
came down from San Fran- 
cisco with what he claimed 
was direct from Owsley. And 
it was 1,000 mikes, which is 
more than anyone should ever 
take, of course. Well, I totally 
lost it." He giggles at some 
length. (Street dosages in the 
'60s generally were between 
250 and 500 micrograms. Today, 100 to 200 seems to be the 
norm.) "There was a strobe light in the room, and I was lean- 
ing with my face against it, and my mind was so accelerated 
and unfixed that when the strobe was on at full speed, it would 
flash once and I would have a dozen hallucinations and I would 
be surprised when the strobe flashed again. And it was going 
toogatoogatoogatooga, you know. 

"The important thing about that first time was the deep- 
down understanding that Other Things can happen. To sud- 
denly look out of your own eyes and have the world be radically 
different, although you remember what it looked like yesterday 
and you're quite sure you know how it will look tomorrow, but 
right now things are different — that's a revelation over and 
above the content of the specific revelations I was having. The 
revelation that you can alter your mechanism. It's — when 
you're a baby and you see that that thing out there is your 

". . . 4 In around — let's see, 

time is a difficult thing 

for me to conceptualize- 

in '73 or '74, 1 began 
having difficulty with acid'. 




hand and you can make it go, instead of it being Mommy or 
those cars outside the window. 

"So after that I was sold. For a couple years, I did it as much 
as three times a week, never less than once a month. Then I got 
out of college and started having jobs, so it got to be less, but 
it's never gotten below six or eight times a year. 

"The biggest difference in the experience now is that you 
don't have Dragnet telling you that you're going to go crazy. 
People who took acid went freaky, back at the beginning, 
because they were told they were going to." 

Is increased purity of the 
drug another factor in the 
lowered incidence of freak- 
outs? Nancy Shannon doubts 
it. "With PCP or hard narcot- 
ics, you see a lot of cutting 
agents, but LSD doesn't come 
in a form where you want 
more bulk, where you'd put 
some kind of powder in it. It's 
usually been fairly pure. Occa- 
sionally, people will add speed 
to it, and most people who 
have any knowledge of LSD 
and/or speed will know imme- 
diately, if they take it, that the 
speed is there, and they won't 
buy quantities of that kind of 

Terry disagrees. "I think it's 
gotten much cleaner. There 
was a drop-off in quality in 
'71, 72 — you could still find 
stuff but it was dirty. Every- 
one talks about speed in acid, 
but speed costs too much to 
cut acid with. It was just . . . 
dirty batches of acid. It had lots of by-products in it, which 
gave you body jangles. There's much less of that today." 

SO I'M WRAPPING UP my tape recorder and thanking 
Terry for the interview when he says, "Wait a minute, I 
have to ask you a question: Have you taken acid?" 
Well, uh, no, I tell him — my principal drug behavior involves 
home-roasted coffee (sometimes as much as four cups, which is 
more than anyone should ever take, of course), and I have been 
restrained from sampling acid thus far by (a) a belief that the 
drug could impart no cosmic information not available from 
Bach, Pound and John Coltrane, and (b) a degree of cowardice 
exceeded only by my ability to rationalize it. But it occurs to 
me that being asked the inevitable question makes me feel very 
much on the spot, and not because I am stuck at some develop- 
mental tape-loop level that I haven't worked through yet. No, 

there has always been this thing about acid as a literal test, a 
litmus of psychological okayness, and each of the bright people 
I'm interviewing seems to feel some version of that thing, 
which I think provides a clue to one of the subtler but farther- 
reaching effects of acid's celebrity in the '60s. 

The people who got their hands on acid first were psychol- 
ogists, who believed, at the time of its discovery in 1938, that it 
was a psychotomimetic drug — meaning that it duplicated, 
temporarily, the effects of schizophrenia and could be useful in 
research. When that thesis failed to stand up and LSD was 

reclassified a psychedelic (per- 
ception enhancer) and hallu- 
cinogen, some psychologists 
held to the hope that it would 
be a useful therapeutic tool, 
providing faster access to the 
unconscious than conventional 
psychoanalysis (the most per- 
suasive recent text in the field 
is Stanislav Grof's Realms 
of the Human Unconscious: 
Observations From LSD 

The professional interest in 
LSD dovetailed, sometimes in- 
cestuously, with the rise of the 
humanistic and Fourth Force 
movements in psychology — 
Esalen, encounter groups, ex- 
trasensory experimentation, 
Rolfing and similar. And the 
popular interest in LSD dove- 
tailed just as incestuously with 
the transformation of elements 
of counterculture into cult 
cultures — Eckankar, Jesus 
freaks, Majaraj-Ji, Krish- 
nettes and others who want you to miss your plane. And if 
there is one attitude held in common by all these unglued ad- 
herents, it is that they know something desperately important 
that no one else does. The question "Have you tried acid?", 
pronounced in the proper cadence of sincere urgency, sounds 
remarkably like "Have you been saved?" as posed by a 
Moonie. Over the past ten years or so, these apposite inquiries 
have mutated into dozens of other forms. Have you been 
Rolfed, have you been gamed, are you really being honest, are 
you still eating meat, have you taken our free personality test, 
have you had your polarity massaged? It isn't really surprising 
that acid — a chemical agent, after all, that adapts to each 
user's biases and frame of mind — should now be promoting in- 
trospection rather than visions of revolution. And it never did 
live up to some of its more extravagant notices, such as the 
power to nullify egos. (Who do you know with a nullified ego, I 

". . /People went freaky 

back at the beginning 

because Dragnet was 

telling them they 

were going to '. . ." 


AUGUST 13, 1979 

mean really nullified?) But if any one cultural consequence 
can be laid firmly at its doorstep, it's probably that Have-you- 
been-saved tropism, the introduction of a deceptively Buddhist 
backspin to the old some-are-more-equal gambit, to wit: We 
are all one, but only some of us can document it. 

I MAKE arrangements to interview Daryl (in no way his 
real name), a Bay Area acid wholesaler who has just un- 
leashed over 1,000 trips on the southern and midwestern 
United States. The arrangements are complicated, not because 
I have to be skin-searched and 
blindfolded by Daryl's inter- 
mediaries and driven to a 
country hideout, but because 
Daryl is working full-time in a 
retail store and only gets Sun- 
days off. The acid business has 
a rather modest financial pro- 
file these days. 

So I drive out to Daryl's 
house, a pleasant suburban 
rental in Livermore. He's 35, 
with a full beard and the looks 
and clothing tastes of a Gen- 
tlemen's Quarterly model. 
He started taking acid in the 
mid- '60s, but by 1972 he'd be- 
gun tapering off — "I don't 
know why, I enjoy it a lot, but 
I just got so busy . . . most of 
my friends stopped taking it so 
much, so the peer pressure 
kind of wore off. I started 
seeing a lot of cocaine among 
my friends in 1975, but it just 
seemed outrageously expen- 
sive to me." By Christmas, 

1977, when he got the paper, he hadn't done acid at all 
more than two years. 

The paper: a card-weight sheet, about ten inches square, 
with a lacy purple print of a bird that recalled Indonesian pa- 
per cutting. "This friend of mine gave it to me for Christmas. 
At first I thought the acid was in the ink, but then I discovered 
that the whole sheet of paper had been soaked in acid, and 
there was a lot of white paper around the print, so there must 
have been about 1,000 hits. Excellent quality acid. 

"I took it New Year's Eve and then started taking it two or 
three times a week, which is far more than I'd ever taken it in 
my life. It was interesting to take it that much. It was easy. It 
didn't interfere with my life. That's when I started realizing 
that a lot of people I knew were still interested in acid. I was 
really amazed at how many people wanted some, even people 
who hadn't taken it in years, and how many of them came back 


for more. Then 1 discovered that this friend of mine who's a 
rather big dealer was selling a lot of acid. He opened this paper 
bag and he had fifteen grams in there, which is about 60,000 
hits. I said, 'Gosh, I didn't know there were that many people 
taking acid in the whole Bay Area,' and he said that he sells 
very little in the Bay Area, that most of it goes to Canada. So I 
got about 1,700 hits from him, and sold about 700 in L.A., 500 
in Cleveland, 500 in Atlanta. I just mailed it to the people the 
pills are so small that you can get 500 of them in an envelope 
about one-inch square. Tiny lavender pills, even smaller than 

what's called microdot. A 
bitch to count. But they're 
very strong, at least 200 
mikes, and very good quality. 
My source has seen the man- 
ufacturing operation, and it's 
very professional — several 
people in a residence up in the 
Russian River area with tab- 
bing machines, counting ma- 
chines and the whole thing. I 
bought my 1,700 hits at 66 
and 2/3 cents a hit and sold it 
for $1 .50. I hear that in Cleve- 
land it went for about $3 a hit. 
I understand that most of the 
stuff that went to Atlanta 
ended up in Baton Rouge and 
Miami, where it's going for $5 
a hit. The guy in L.A., having 
paid me $1.50 a hit, will have 
a hard time making any 
money back at L.A. prices, but 
he bought it mainly as 

"My Cleveland contact is 
upper-middle-class black. My 
source is of Latin extraction and from a poor background. I 
understand that acid is finally becoming very popular in the 
black community. I have a customer who's gay, who tells me 
stories about the gay drug scene in San Francisco, which is 
very heavy, and he says that acid is becoming real popular as a 
sex drug there. I hear a lot about kids taking it — I'm 35, and I 
have friends with thirteen-year-old kids, and some of them are 
doing it." 

Are there as many people taking acid now as there were in 
1968? "I bet you anything there are more. There are fewer 
people taking it in the Bay Area now, but a lot more elsewhere 
in the country. It's less concentrated geographically. The junior 
high school kids in Green Bay, Wisconsin, are taking it." 

"There are many more people taking acid now," Terry says. 
"It's just that, these days, it's continuing and expanding slowly. 
In '66, '67, you had an explosion, and that won't happen again. 

\ . .'There are fewer 

people taking LSD in 

the Bay Area now, but 

a lot more elsewhere — 

like Green Bay, Wisconsin'. . 




because it's already here — it's like TV. TV had a massive effect 
on people in the late '40s and early '50s, and it continues to 
have its effect, but it will never have that instantaneous impact 
again because it's not new. 

"I have a nephew who's just turned eighteen. When he was 
twelve, he came and stayed with me for a while and I gave him 
half a hit of Sunshine, and we went to the zoo, had a great 
time. He was here in 1977 with some friends of his, they'd all 
just graduated high school in New Orleans and one of the 
things they were doing on this trip was to go to San Francisco 
so they could walk around the 
Haight on the tenth anniver- 
sary of the Summer of Love. 
And it boggled me that these 
kids even care. It's the dead 
past, what possible difference 
could it make? And yet, to 
these kids, it was a major 
thing in the way they thought 
about themselves. They're not 
really being nostalgic, and 
they're not intellectuals ei- 
ther — they're just semibright 
New Orleans good old boys 
who happen to like LSD more 
than bourbon. 

"And I don't feel like a ster- 
eotype. Some people have 
walked into this room and 
said, 'Oh, how '60s,' and I 
think, 'Am I complimented, or 
did he just call me an ass- 
fiole?' But I have 40 close 
friends, 30 of whom drop reg- 
ularly. And I'm the least suc- 
cessful person in the group — 
there are Ph.D.s, M.D.s, psy- 
chologists, teachers, authors. Maybe you can stereotype me, 
but certainly not them. It's an extremely varied group, finan- 
cially, sexually, philosophically." 

IN A WAY, IT'S ENCOURAGING to see all these people 
taking LSD again, or still. The LSD itself is not the encour- 
aging part (just another drug and their business anyway). 
What is encouraging is that the people, having been duly noti- 
fied of a new, 99 percent acid-free order more than five years 
ago by Time and Newsweek and the dailies and television, did 
not get with the program. They read that psychedelics were 
over with, and all that that entailed, but — contrary little bas- 
tards! — they would not do what they were told. They boogied 
not down; neither would they become account execs that they 
might afford Peruvian flake. The media could deal with acid 
okay in the context of funny clothes and light shows, and what 

they can deal with in the present context is cocaine, and what 
they have never liked is the intrusion of messy anomalies. And 
acid, well, acid is in the anomaly business. Its current renais- 
sance is one instance of what you might call cultural disobe- 
dience — an idea with which Terry, for one, has always been 

"When I was real small, I used to watch M Squad on televi- 
sion, and I had a fascination for the heroin addicts. M Squad 
had Lee Marvin, back when he was really lean and tough and 
made Jack Webb look like a sissy. Lee Marvin was just out 

there snarling, a mean cop 
who always had to deal with 
the scum of society, and he ran 
into junkies a lot. And I could 
never figure them out, because 
everyone around them knew 
that what they were doing was 
the worst thing for them, that 
it was making them commit 
crimes, that they were going to 
die and that it cost a lot of 
money. And yet they did it. 
And I wondered, what can 
motivate you to do so many 
self-negating things? It 
sounded like they must have 
something there, that some- 
how it was more important 
than the ordinary considera- 
tions they were running up 
against. It was like they were 
martyrs or saints or, I don't 
know, really dedicated people. 
And in the real environment of 
people I ate dinner with and 
went to school with, I'd never, 
seen a dedicated person in my 
life. In fact, I'd never seen anybody that wouldn't do anything 
for $ 1 an hour more. 

"So from that point of view, drugs seemed neat to me. I 
mean, I was eleven, so that's what they seemed: neat. I was 
sure I was gonna try that, although I didn't know if I'd like it. 
As it turned out, I don't like downers at all — they're boring, 
and I can go to sleep by myself. I like cocaine but I can't afford 
it. Through my job I have access to nitrous oxide, which is just 
a marvelous drug. When done in combination with psyche- 
delics, it's beyond description. Two or three breaths and there 
you are, talking to the center of existence. You almost never 
remember what it says, and it really doesn't matter because 
it doesn't say much anyway. Most of the time it says 

And what do you say back to it, Terry? 

"You say, 'Right! Right! Absolutely!' " ^" 

". . . 'In the old days I'd 

want to let people know 

my ideas to save the 

country. Now they're 

just nice ideas, you know'. . 



A lie. I 'ST 13, 1979 


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AUGUST 13, 1979 









W tH T. fcir 



ii r 

Endangered shrine: Modern times erode the gleaming marble 


The gleaming, white-marble Taj Mahal has 
withstood hot sun, monsoon rains and fre- 
quent earthquake tremors in Agra, India, 
for more than 300 years. Now, it is in 
danger of succumbing to the ravages of 
industrial air pollution. 

The area around Agra has been industri- 
alizing rapidly in recent years. The city has 
a railway yard, two thermal power plants 
and 250 small iron foundries — all of which 
burn coal and emit billows of smoke. As a 
result, says India's former culture minis- 
ter, Renuka Devi Barkataki, "discolor- 
ation, flaking, pitting and blackening of 
fractured portions have been observed on 
the marble stones of the Taj Mahal." And 
damage to the monument is likely to get a 
lot worse if the government completes 
construction of a controversial, $250 mil- 
lion oil refinery in Mathura, which is just 
24 miles north of Agra. 

•safety measures': A committee appoint- 
ed by the government reported in 1976 that 
locating the plant in Mathura "would make 
only a negligible impact on the surrounding 
environment." Since then, the government- 
owned Indian Oil Corp., which is building 
the refinery with aid from the Soviet Union, 
has promised to take "all precautions and 
safety measures." These include installing 
special machinery to contain corrosive sul- 
fur-dioxide emissions and substituting a 
low-sulfur crude oil from Bombay for the 
Middle Eastern crude it had originally 
planned on using. 

"My countrymen need have no fear 
about the pollution causing any damage to 
the Taj," said former petroleum minister 
H. N. Bahuguna in June. "If we find pollu- 
tion is damaging the Taj, we will close the 

But environmentalists and archaeolo- 
gists are not mollified by the government's 
promises. Neither, it seems, is the Depart- 

ment of Tourism. It has called for reloca- 
tion of the refinery on the ground that the 
$175 million that has already been sunk 
into the project is nothing compared to the 
money India will lose if a discolored and 
disintegrating Taj Mahal stops drawing 
visitors. As India's biggest tourist attrac- 
tion, the building accounts for much of the 
country's $500 million annual tourist trade. 
Experts predict that the refinery will 
spew out more than 60 tons of the corro- 
sive sulfur dioxide every day, and that 
much of it will be carried toward Agra on 
the prevailing winds. "While humans, ani- 
mals and plants have certain built-in 
mechanisms to neutralize a certain degree 
of pollution or even recover from their 
adverse effects," says Indian environmen- 
tal engineer Tippineni Shivaji Rao, "the 
process of marble decay is not only irre- 
versible but proceeds at an exponential 
rate." If the government doesn't move the 
refinery, says Rao, the Taj Mahal "will 
crumble down in 30 years." 


Former Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleav- 
er opened a Hollywood boutique last year 
featuring what he calls his "revolutionary 
design in male pants" — trousers with a 
prominent codpiece. Cleaver, 44, is still sell- 
ing the pants, but is devoting most of his time 
now to another project: the Eldridge Cleav- 
er Crusades. Acknowledging that this is 
quite a departure from his earlier life, Cleav- 
er says wryly that "everybody's doing some- 
thing else. If Tom Hayden can run for sena- 
tor, why can't I be a Christian?" 

Cleaver fled the U.S. in 1968 rather than 
face charges of assault and attempted mur- 
der stemming from a shoot-out between the 
Panthers and the Oakland, Calif., police. 
During his exile he became a born-again 
Christian, and in 1975 returned to the U.S. 
and surrendered to the FBI. Now out on 

$ 1 00,000 bail, he has been preaching on col- 
lege campuses and planning his "crusades." 

In May, Cleaver bought 80 acres of land 
in the Nevada desert that he plans to turn 
into crusade headquarters. There is nothing 
on the property yet except an army tent 
where Cleaver lives and two tall poles — 
each topped with a cross and an American 
flag. But if he gets enough contributions 
from his followers, Cleaver wants to build a 
multimillion-dollar facility on the property 
and use it for retreats, conventions and 
seminars — all designed, he says, for "the 
spiritual uplifting of people." There won't 
be many permanent residents, however. 
"We are not," Cleaver says somewhat de- 
fensively, "building another Jonestown." 

'beware': The ex-radical is issuing warn- 
ings based on his "visions." In one, he saw 
California struck by a natural disaster, and 
says that "immediate steps must be taken 
by the Federal government to evacuate the 
state." And he has a chilling warning for 
California Gov. Jerry Brown. "There are 
those around you who seek your blood, who 
have already agreed to kill you before the 
election of 1980, before the Democratic 
convention. Beware of those unto whom 
you go for love. Beware of the woman 
whose voice you hear." 

Cleaver's trial was postponed several 
times while he waged legal battles to sup- 
press key evidence against him — evidence 
he claims the government obtained in il- 
legal searches. But the state Supreme Court 
recently ruled against his claim, and the 
trial is now expected toij begin this fall. 
Conviction on all six felony counts could 
mean a 72-year prison term. If it does, 
Cleaver says, he will accept the sentence as 
being "the will of the Lord." 

in San Francisco 

Cleaver in the desert: Visions of doom 

James D. Wilson — Newsweek 


AUGUST 13, W> 


A Window on History 

But the view of Hartford's Old State House will cost you 

During the 18th century, the English 
had to pay taxes on the windows in 
their houses. When another kind of win- 
dow tax was proposed in Hartford, Conn., 
last year, the good citizens responded en- 
thusiastically. The beneficiary of the rev- 
enue, after all, was not the British war 
chest but a restoration fund for the na- 
tion's oldest statehouse, a building that 
dates back to 1796. The method of tax- 
ation was unorthodox: $5 for every win- 
dow with a view of the historic building. 

A three-story federal-style structure of 
red brick and stone, the Old State House 
in downtown Hartford was designed by 
the new nation's foremost architect, 
Charles Bulfinch, who later did extensive 
work on the nation's Capitol. Having 
served as the seat of state government 
from 1796 to 1878 and the city hall from 
1879 to 1915, the building was declared a 
landmark in 1960 and turned into a mu- 
seum of Connecticut history. Since then, 
however, maintenance funds have been 
scarce, and city officials began to talk of 
razing the deteriorating edifice to make 
way for office buildings. 

Alarmed, local residents formed the 
Old State House Association in 1975 and 
organized a fund drive with a goal of 
$850,000 for restoration, and $1 million 
for an endowment to maintain it. They 
raised $1,530,000. Although large corpo- 
rate donations accounted for the bulk of 
the money, the group decided to press for 
wider community involvement. "Some of 
us were talking about how in the early 
days, the neighbors of the Old State House 

The landmark seen from a nearby office 

A voluntary tax on intangible wealth. 

had a grounds committee that took care of 
the building," explains former University 
of Connecticut President Homer Bab- 
bidge Jr. "Since most of the neighbors are 
now in skyscrapers, we could not ask them 
to come out and clean up. So I brought up 
the idea of asking everyone who had a 
window view of the grounds to pay a vol- 
untary tax." 

A "viewing rights committee" was es- 
tablished forthwith, and Yale University 
Junior Alison Wondriska, 20, took a win- 
dow-to-window census. Calling on small 
restaurants and shops as well as firms lo- 
cated in nearby high-rises, Wondriska de- 
termined that 1,600 windows had full 
views of the site. Some people gave even 
more than their share, and the window tax 
campaign raised some $8,700 within eight 
months. Next week Connecticut will cel- 
ebrate Rededication Day to mark the 
completion of work on the building. 

Some of the companies paid the $5 
fees themselves; others asked for contri- 
butions from their employees. Hence- 
forth, the tax will be collected annually, 
and contributors will receive tax stamps 
in the form of decals which they can paste 
on their windows — presumably in spots 
that will not obstruct the view. 

As with any tax law, though, com- 
plications exist. "There are questions to 
be raised," says Babbidge. "Will the view- 
ing rights tax not be seen as an insidious 
first step toward taxation of intangible 
wealth? Doesn't simple fairness suggest 
that windows of differing size be assessed 
differently? How about pedestrians, bus 
riders and loiterers: are they to be free- 
loaders while the middle class is once 
again taxed to subsidize their pleasures?" 
Such problems aside, there is still some 
comfort for the assessed: the window tax 
is tax-deductible. ■ 

Smashed to Bits 

Since last October, a two-ton green 
granite sculpture has been on 
display outside an uptown Manhattan 
art gallery. Valued at $80,000, the ab- 
stract 8-ft.-high Ubatuba (named after 
the Brazilian town where the granite was 
quarried) was the work of French Sculp- 
tor Antoine Poncet, a disciple of Jean 
Arp. Poncet hoped that Ubatuba would 
bring "a fresh and pure breath" to a city 
he calls "New York — the Tough." He 
was pleased that Gallery Owner Jacob 
Weintraub had put the sculpture out- 
doors "because there it comes in contact 
with the people." New Yorkers were 
pleased too: they often stopped to run 
their hands over the sculpture's smooth, 
glossy surface. But Poncet did not reck- 
on just how tough New York could be: 

one night last week unseen vandals 
pulled Ubatuba from its pedestal, 
smashing it into bits. 

The following day, Joseph Tern- 
bach, an art restorer who has worked 
with the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
examined the shattered fragments and 
announced that he could mend Ubatuba 
in two months. New York Senator Dan- 
iel Moynihan, one of the sculpture's 
more vocal admirers, then called a fund- 
raising meeting, where the Art Dealers 
Association of America volunteered to 
underwrite the $2,000 needed for resto- 
ration. Poncet, who worked on Ubatuba 
over a five-year period, was less optimis- 
tic that all the Senator's men could ever 
put Ubatuba back together again. "Ev- 
erything would be destroyed in terms of 
its integrity and its authenticity," he said 
sadly. "I don't know how all this will 

The sculpture in former days 

TIME, MAY 21. 1979 



Ciochon (kneeling at left) and Savage with Burmese team in the Pondaung Hills 

Asian Roots? 

Burmese find stirs speculation 

Where did the primate line that led 
to man really originate? Lately most 
of the evidence has pointed to Africa, 
where scientists have found the bones of 
a knuckle-walking ape called Dryopithe- 
cus, a creature that lived some 20 million 
years ago and is generally believed to have 
given rise to both apes and man. This 
ape's own ancestors seem likely to have 
lived in Africa as well. As Exhibit A, 
Duke University Anthropologist Elwyn 
Simons offered fossils, found near Cairo, 
of a tree-dwelling primate 30 million years 
old; Simons christened the creature 
Aegyptopithecus. Last week, however, a 
team of Burmese and American scientists 
created a stir in anthropological circles 
when they announced that they had found 
primate fossils in Burma that may be 40 
million years old. That could plant man's 
roots in Southeast Asia. 

The telltale fossils, as described by Pa- 
leontologist Donald Savage of the Uni- 
versity of California, Berkeley, and An- 
thropologist Russell Ciochon of the 
University of North Carolina, Charlotte, 
are four lower-jaw fragments. They were 
found in an ancient seabed in the Pon- 
daung Hills west of Mandalay, embedded 
below a layer of marine organisms called 
foraminifera, dating from about 40 mil- 
lion years ago. Associated with the find 
were other fossils of animals known to 
have lived during the same period, lend- 
ing more weight to the fragments' appar- 
ent place in time and indicating that the 
Pondaung Hills had also supported liz- 
ards, several kinds of turtles and mon- 
strous crocodiles. 

The fossil bones and teeth were not, 

in fact, the first fragments found in the 
area. During the 1920s, before Burma 
broke away from British domination and 
became an independent country, scien- 
tists found similar specimens. The fossils 
were poorly preserved, but they seemed 
to represent two slightly differing kinds 
of primates that were named Pondaungia 
and Amphipithecus, and their discovery 
persuaded some anthropologists that the 
roots of the higher primates lay in Asia. 
Of the new fragments, all but one have 
been matched with the original finds. 

Both creatures appear to have 
weighed roughly 30 lbs. and somewhat re- 
sembled a rhesus monkey in body form 
and size. Their diet was probably fruits 
and other vegetation. As Savage says: 
"They were a sort of monkey with apelike 
teeth, bouncing through the trees." They 
could thus emerge as an earlier common 
ancestor than Aegyptopithecus of both 
apes and monkeys, and as a link back to 
such lower primates as lemurs and tar- 
siers. That might put them very near the 
start of anthropoid evolution; Ciochon 
speculates that they may have migrated 
into Africa via western Asia to evolve into 
later ancestors of early man. 

Before most anthropologists agree to 
accept Asia as the seedbed of the evo- 
lution of higher primates, however, more 
evidence will have to be gathered. Cio- 
chon and Savage plan a return to the Bur- 
mese site before year's end. "The door's 
opened a crack now," says Ciochon, and 
he and Savage hope to work on a long- 
range joint project, with any future finds 
to be placed in Burmese institutions. The 
four jaw fragments have already been 
turned over to the Burmese government. 
Part of the reason is safekeeping. Anoth- 
er part, as the American scientists admit, 
is to keep them safe from any Burmese 
jawboning about scientific theft. ■ 

Sexy Strategy 

Fooling the crafty cockroach 

For some 300 million years, the cock- 
roach has survived the ravages of na- 
ture and, lately, the best efforts of man to 
squash it, spray it or bug-bomb it into ex- 
tinction. Some 3,600 species of the hardy 
creature thrive in a variety of habitats all 
over the world. Now one of the most com- 
mon species in the U.S., Periplaneta amer- 
icana, or the American cockroach,* may 
be hit by a blow below the belt: scientists 
have synthesized periplanOne B, a chem- 
ical that acts as one of the female roach- 
es' essences d 'amour. 

A whiff of periplanone B from a fe- 
male acts as an aphrodisiac for male 
American roaches, prompting them to 
mate. If the males are overwhelmed by a 
massive man-made dose, however, they 
may become too confused to find mates, 
and thus will fail to procreate. 

This sex strategy has been touted as 
a promising approach in pest control. But 
the search for the complex roach exci- 
tant was a needle-in-the-haystack chal- 
lenge. For Dutch Entomologist C.J. Per- 
soons, the breakthrough came with new 
techniques for separating chemicals. 
Working with 75,000 virgin female roach- 
es, Persoons gleaned a precious 200 mil- 
lionths of a gram of periplanone B. That 
was enough for him to analyze the com- 
pound and to work out a possible struc- 
ture for it. Then Chemist W. Clark Still 
at Columbia University synthesized a 
compound so potent that a drop could 
stimulate close to one million tons of male 

Unfortunately, no amount of synthet- 
ic periplanone B is apt to stimulate an 
entire roach species 
into extinction. As 
rueful scientists have 
found in using pes- 
ticides, a few hardy 
roaches can usually 
survive a chemical 
spray because of 
some lucky genetic 
abnormality and will then propagate a 
new generation of spray-resistant off- 
spring. Declares Entomologist Louis 
Roth, a pioneer in roach research: "The 
best we can hope for is to reduce their 

Believe it or not, a reduction in roach 
ranks may be a better solution than ex- 
tinction. Different roach species figure 
in the food cycles of lizards and birds. 
Moreover, loathsome as it may seem, 
entomologists speculate that roaches 
may some day be a source of nutrition 
for humans. ■ 

♦Despite the name, the German cockroach, Bla- 
tella germanica, is probably most familiar to U.S. 
city dwellers as a kitchen nemesis. The American 
roach is often found where food is stored. 

American roach 


TIME. MAY 21, 1979 










when it is in difficulties over the steep 
climb. One doesn't think about brakes, 
it spoils the enjoyment of the occasion. 

Arrival at the end of the road brings 
shouts and a deluge of cheerful greet- 
ings. That we arrive at all is a matter of 
congratulations, and the towering 
stairway of ninety steep and narrow 
stone steps is truly welcomed. The 
passengers are disgorged at the base of 
this monumental stone stairway, 
carved with either a crocodile or enor- 
mous lizard on the balustrades. 
Flickers of Angkor Wat and the Bayon 
in Cambodia came to mind. 

Reaching the top of the stairs, the 
sigh of relief is replaced with an ex- 
clamation of the wonder of the vista 
stretching before us— soaring large 
buildings, and huge stones paved 
across the entire area. 

Nias is considered the largest mega- 
lithic culture in the world . . . stone 
culture . . . there are so many stones! 
And they, each and every one, mean 
something. Each has been put into 
place with great ceremony. Everything 
is ceremonial— and ritualistic, because 
there are many spirits to appease. The 
stones are very important— not for just 
walking, sitting or standing, but as 
shelters for the skulls of ancestors, and 
the omnipresent souls of ancestors 
abide in these stones, and in the slabs 
of stones mounted as huge seats. 
Then, there are the woodcarvings, in 
the shapes of people, houses, uniden- 
tifiable creatures— but important, for 
after all, they too are inhabited by 
spirits. The carvings are spread out for 
purchase, even though they are not 
considered tourist souvenirs by the 
Nias people; perhaps the living 
Niassans are enjoying a joke with their 
ancestors, for the wooden figures- 
termed adu—are intermediaries be- 
tween the living and the dead, the 
quick and not so quick, as well as 

guardians of the homes, custodians of 
morals— warding off curses of enemies. 

But now the figures are being sent 
traveling, in the tourists' eager hands. 
Who knows what messages they are 
intended to carry? They are going out 
to all parts of the world, for the desti- 
nations of the tourists are varied. After 
all, the Nias people say that everything 
is inhabited by spirits, ancestors or 
otherwise. To them, the rainbow is a 
fishing net for their god-ancestor La- 
ture. Human and animal sacrifices are 
in order— on propitious occasions— in- 
cluding burial of living slaves, upon 
the burial of a dead master. 

Do they still do it? Shall we say, the 
practices are discouraged. 

Neighboring villages fight neigh- 
boring villages— and when a head is 
decapitated, victory is acknowledged 
by licking the blood from the knife. 
Slaves are taken in warfare, as well as 
for indebtedness. Seldom is the tourist 
briefed before the visit, which lasts 
about an hour and a half. 

During this time war dances are 
performed, the women of Nias dance; 
and there are the jumpers. 

The jumpers! Nothing else com- 
pares to them. The Nias men are about 
five-feet-five-inches tall at most— and 
many are less. They jump over a pyra- 
midal stone pillar seven feet high and 
more than a meter in width at the top. 
A running jump. Defying gravity, they 
fly— they soar— directing their bodies 
in incomparable postures of freedom. 

Usually, athletic forms are not es- 
pecially graceful, however agile. Ballet 
is stylized. But these jumpers are the 
closest to the dream of bodily flying. 
Delacroix or Gericault, constantly 
painting to catch people in bodily 
action, what they would have given to 
have been able to witness the Nias 
jumpers jumping! 

The history of Nias is uncertain. 

There are ancient mariner legends 
which refer to Nias as the "island of 
gold," written in Arabic manuscripts 
beginning a.d. 851, which provide the 
first written references of which we 
have knowledge. 

The origins of Nias people are un- 
known: a mystery of isolated people 
who are inheritors of an ancient cul- 
ture. Evidence of advanced culture 
abound in the stone and wooden 
sculptures— the paved stone streets on 
top of mountains, and the towering 
stone stairs with carved stone balus- 

The large slabs of stone, with an 
individual weight of several tons each 
have been brought from quarries in 
the lowlands two miles away, and then 
taken up the original 800 stone steps 
by 500 men carrying one slab. 

The great wooden pillars, support- 
ing the multistoried wooden houses, 
are brought to Nias in native craft 
from the Batoe Islands, twelve hours' 
distance by steamer. The warriors are 
garbed in a panoply of metal coats, 
which formerly were constructed out 
of rhinoceros hide; there are helmets, 
varying headgear and enormous 
masks; the round neck pieces of thin 
rings of carabao horn (denoting no- 
bility or headhunting); razor-sharp 
daggers in decoated brass sheaths, 
nesting in an amulet cluster of tiger- 
teeth, with a dash of tiger whiskers. 

There are magicians and shamans 
who talk with the spirits through the 
wooden images; there are the women 
and children who peer through the 
slats from the upper stories of the 
houses; the warriors in their colorful, 
awesome costumes and ferocious 
masks; there are the jumpers jumping 
over the megaliths. 

Altogether, there is an aura of en- 
chantment. These are the people of 
Nias. yf 

WESTWAYS June 1979 57 

On Film 

By chance, I was listening this af- 
ternoon to Beethoven's complex 
and exalted chamber workrTTIs~lTffng 
quartet in B-Flat Major, Opus 130 — 
the one with the gloriously melodic 
Cavatina, and the one for which he 
had originally composed the Grosse 
Fugue as a finale. And I found myself 
wondering what could possibly have 
been the impact of this massive,.a!e- 
jnanding work upon its original au- 
diences. Did they recognize it as a 
crowning achievement in a long career 
that had steadily evolved beyond the 
classic graces of Haydn and Mozart, 
reaching out toward the freedom and 
passion of the 19th century Romanti- 
cists? Or did they say, "Gee, I sure 
loved those Opus 18 quartets. Why 
can't Beethoven write music like that 
any more?" 

I mention this because today we are 
also watching an artist in the process 
of evolving: Woody Allen. And forgive 
me, but I'm not going to make any 
apologies for drawing this analogy. In 
retrospect, we all know that Beethoven 
was a titantic genius. I don't think it 
should take 100 years to tell us that 
Allen is a film artist in the process of 
spectacular growth. If last year's Inte- 
riors didn't convince you, this year's 
Manhattan should. 

Interiors was a somber movie, a 
Bergmanesque exploration of rela- 
tionships enlivened only by the pres- 
ence of Maureen Stapleton, the sole 
life-affirming character in a movie that 
seemed to dwell upon the sterility and 
self-defeatism of today's brightest, 
most attractive, most "with it" people. 
There wasn't much hope for a happy 
future there on the dark, cold sands at 
the end of Interiors. Nor is there much 
hope for happiness at the end of Man- 
hattan, although the tone of the two 
films is markedly different. 

Manhattan marks a return to the 
comedic style of Annie Hall (just as, if 
I may continue the analogy for just 
one more moment, Beethoven's Opus 
95 Serioso quartet marked the return, 
however deepened, to the style and 
dash of his earlier compositions). 

Woodv Allen is the Man in Manhattan 

Manhattan is Allen's Serioso. Super- 
ficially, it's a comedy, brimming with 
the familiar Woody Allen laugh lines. 
Riding with Diane Keaton in a taxi, he 
says, "You're so beautiful I can hardly 
keep my eyes on the meter." 

But underneath, Allen is po nderi ng 
the moralit y of a socie ty that perm its 
people ^ tQ-Cllijige^artn ers and dance. 
It's not the switching that bothers him. 
He blithely leaves gorgeous Mariel 
Hemingway for the fascinations of so- 
phisticated Diane Keaton. Keaton has 
just been dumped by Allen's best 
friend, Michael Murphy, who, after 
their adulterous affair, decides he 
really ought to return to his wife. Allen 
has been dumped by his own wife, 
Meryl Streep, who, he explains, "left 
me for another woman." But when 
Keaton decides that Murphy is the one 
she really loves, Allen goes looking 
again for Hemingway— and finds that 
he's too late. 

What Allen is really talking about, 
in the guise of the comic muse, is the 
basic immorality of people who treat 
love lightly, who hurt other people in 
their search for the ir own gratification. 
He says it funny, but Manhattan has to 
be the darkest comedy since Preston 
Sturges' Hail the Conquering Hero or 
Chaplin's Monsieur Verdoux. In the 
Sturges and Chaplin films, we were 
forced to face sobering truths about 
our institutions; in Allen's movie, we 

are forced to face sobering truths 
about ourselves. 

For this kind of black comedy, the 
decision to go with starkly black-and- 
white photography was commend- 
able, even though it may not please the 
managers of drive-in theaters. Color 
makes everything too pretty, too glam- 
orous—and this obviously was not Al- 
len's intent. When, after giving up his 
job as a successful writer of a TV 
comedy show, he moves into cramped 
and uncomfortable quarters, the last 
thing in the world he would want is to 
glamorize them in Technicolor (even 
though his black-and-white prints 
were processed by Technicolor). 

With his meticulous attention to 
detail, Allen saw to it that the movie 
was previewed only days before it was 
unleashed on the general public. I'm 
not altogether convinced that this is a 
great idea. Critics, along with advertis- 
ing and publicity (which the studio has 
to pay for), help set the tone of a film. 
They let an audience know that when 
they plunk down $4.50 to see The Deer 
Hunter, they're not going to see Ice 
Castles. Allen's movie, I believe, needs 
this kind of precognition. It needs an 
audience that knows it's not going to 
see Bananas or Take the Money and 
Run— ox, for that matter, Interiors. It 
needs an audience braced for the pi- 
quance of George Gershwin show 
tunes from the Twenties (without a 
single direct reference to Manhattan 
among them), and the novelty of Gor- 
don Willis's evocative black-and- 
white photography which drew a 
warm round of applause from a pre- 
view audience. 

I do n't know why I shouldn't say it. 
For me, in Manhattan, Woody Allen 
has made the leap to Beethoven's 
Opus 95. That still leaves plenty of 
opera to go, and I have no doubt that 
Allen will be at least as provocative in 
the years ahead. 

While I have no hesitancy about 
giving my genius award to Woody 
Allen, I'd also like to commend to your 
attention a considerably younger man, 
Jonathan Demme, and his new movie. 


Last Embrace. Last Embrace is the 
kind of title that makes sense only 
after you've seen the film, which 1 urge 
you to do. Not because it's the greatest 
mystery picture of all time, although I 
defy anyone to guess who is the actual 
villain before private investigator Roy 
Scheider comes up with the answer. 
What matters here is the style of the 
thing, and the youthful Demme has it. 
Not since Hitchcock's palmiest days 
has anyone contrived to keep us so off 
guard, so unaware, so unprepared. 

Even before the credits, Scheider 
and his wife are ambushed in a cafe. 
When the credits clear, the wife is dead 
and Scheider, his nerves shot, is being 
released from a psychiatric clinic, still 
psychotic enough to believe that just 
about everyone out there is out to get 
him. His Usefulness for the super-se- 
cret governmental agency for which he 
worked is apparently over (chillingly 
symbolized in a scene in which 
Christopher Walken, his agency boss, 
feeds his photo to a paper-shredding 
machine). A graveyard encounter with 
rock-faced Charles Napier, his erst- 
while brother-in-law, suggests that 
vengeance might be the motive. The 
icy Scheider "hasn't been too careful 
with people." 

Actually, it turns out to be none of 
these likely suspects. Instead, when 
Scheider returns to his Manhattan 
apartment, he finds that it has been 
sublet to Janet Margolin, a research 
scientist with a special interest in Jew- 
ish history. With considerable misgiv- 
ings on both sides, they join forces, 
and she introduces him to some possi- 
bly helpful aides. 

Scheider's search leads him from a 
Lower East Side synagogue to the ivy- 
clad walls of Princeton University, and 
eventually on to the very brink of 
Niagara Falls. And, mainly thanks to 
Demme's style of shooting, every new 
"helper" that Scheider encounters 
along the way— Princeton professor 
John Glover, Jewish authority Sam 
Levene, Rabbi Andrew Drexler— be- 
comes a possible suspect. 

The ultimate revelation comes as 
something of a cheat and a letdown, 
and the climactic sequence at Niagara 
Falls seems both over-prolonged and 
unlikely. Why can't a movie ever end 
when it's over? But Demme, with his 

way of opening a scene in full shot, 
then boring in for the details, his way 
of transforming the ordinary into the 
ominous, his penchant for making us 
suspect even the most innocent of 
characters— all of these, underlined by 
a quietly suspenseful score by the mas- 
terful Miklos Rosza, turn Last Em- 
brace into the kind of old-fashioned 
chiller that kept us on the edge of our 
chairs when Hitchcock was in his 
prime. Scheider offers a compelling, 

although hardly complimentary, char- 
acterization as the man on the run. 
Levene is all warmth and sdom as 
the Hebrew scholar who helps him, 
and Janet Margolin displays a fire and 
intensity well beyond anything re- 
quired of her in recent years. It's the 
first film of size that young Demm 
has had to work with, and it more than 
confirms the faith that we critics have 
invested in him to date. 

—Arthur Knight 

My Feet Were Killing Me..Until 
I Discovered theMiracleinGermany! 

I was retired from business 
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WESTWAYS June 1979 59 

On Music 

IN MY book Facing the Music I de- 
voted an entire chapter to sym- 
phony conductors, entitled "Speak 
Loudly and Carry a Small Stick." Sev- 
eral years ahead of the current explo- 
sion of articles on the subject, I 
expounded the phenomenon of the 
high life expectancy of symphony con- 
ductors, analyzing the reasons in 
psycho-analytical terms that would 
have made Sigmund Freud blush with 
envy. Now the time has come to issue a 
stern warning against a fanatical 
movement that appears to be gaining 
momentum. Thousands of health- 
conscious Americans, desperately ea- 
ger for longevity, propose to give up 
jogging in favor of conducting. 

Alas, my dear friends, all is not gold 
that glitters. Allow me to shed the cold 
light of scientific fact on the reverse 
side of the conductorial medal. It is 
not because I dread the prospect of 
increasing competition in my own 
field— although there is a little of that 
too. My major purpose is to save my 
fellow citizens from possible disillu- 
sionment after trading their Adidas 
shoes and sweatshirts for baton and 

The truth is that for every conductor 
who lives to be 95, like Stokowski (I 
believe no other conductor lived that 
long), or Monteux and Klemperer 
who made it to their late 80s, or the 
Frenchman Paul Paray who at 93 still 
swings a mean stick, there are as many 
and more conductors who failed to 
cross that mysterious barrier beyond 
which lie the supposed decades of 
irrepressible vigor reserved for con- 
ductors only. A recent tragic example 
was the gifted Thomas Schippers, con- 
ductor of the Cincinnati Symphony, 
who died at 47. A considerable num- 
ber of celebrated conductors during 
the past decades died in their early 
60s: Jean Martinon, Dimitri Mitro- 
poulos, Arthur Rodzinski, Erich Klei- 
ber, Fritz Busch. Eduard van Beinum 
died at 57, Barbirolli at 73, Kous- 
sevitzky at 69, Steinberg at 78 after 
ailing for several years. Britten, 
Shostakovich, Hindemith, Prokofieff, 
Ravel, all of whom were composers 


first and conductors second, died in 
their 60s. 

I hope I have made my point clear: 
Joggers beware! Continue to leap be- 
fore you look. Know the score before 
you impale yourselves on a baton. 

This year's Academy Awards and 
the recognition given to film com- 
posers reminded me again of the 
yawning chasm between the material 
affluence of the successful film com- 
poser and the demand for his services 
in this field on the one hand, and his 
inability to obtain public perform- 
ances of his concert compositions on 
the other. In the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth centuries this problem did not 
exist. Composers starved impartially, 
unless they were born rich like Men- 
delssohn or had wealthy patronesses 
like Tchaikovsky; earned an income 



unrelated to music, like Borodin who 
was a professor of chemistry; cheated 
their way through life by selling the 
same manuscript to several publishers 
like Beethoven; or moonlighted as pi- 
anists, conductors or critics, like 
Brahms, Berlioz and Debussy. Most 
composers were lucky if their pub- 
lishers paid them just enough to keep 
them alive and motivated while grind- 
ing out their next immortal mas- 

Regardless of whether Haydn and 
Mozart wrote a divertimento or sere- 
nade for a plebeian outdoor Fressfest 
or a palatial banquet, their composi- 
tions remain popular to this day. Sym- 
phony halls around the world rever- 
berate to the strains of their music, 
under conductors ranging from such 
forbidding high priests as Von Karajan 
to the paternalistic Arthur Fiedler. 

The trouble is that film music gener- 
ally does not lend itself to this multiple 
purpose. Form, that sine qua non of 


classical music, has been sacrificed on 
the Procrustes bed of the film score. 
When a given scene on the screen 
comes to an end after 18 and three- 
fourths seconds, be it through a dis- 
solve or cut, the music illustrating the 
scene has to be reduced or expanded 
accordingly. A stopwatch is the film 
composer's compass. Imagine a sculp- 
tor being told to lop off a foot from his 
sculpture because of space limitations, 
or a painter reducing the size of a head 
in relation to the body, for the same 
reason. The film composer's score, ex- 
cept for the main title and possibly a 
few interludes, is largely illustrative, 
without an independent life of its own. 
Yes, there are notable exceptions, such 
as the symphonic recordings of some 
famous motion pictures, but that does 
not change the basic situation, which 
is one of profound frustration to the 
gifted and successful film composers 
who crave recognition in the concert 

Some of these composers end up 
with a split personality. The music 
they write for the film may call for 
juicy tunes and traditional harmonies, 
while, by temperament, they may want 
to follow in the footsteps of Bartok, 
Schonberg and Stockhausen. This is 
not to say that all film music leans on 
the traditional. Advanced composi- 
tional techniques have been used with 
exciting affect in a number of motion 
pictures. Nonetheless, there is a basic 

If few film composers are successful 
on the concert stage, conversely, few of 
the leading concert and opera com- 
posers of our times have been spec- 
tacularly successful in motion pic- 
tures. Aaron Copland won an Oscar 
for The Heiress; Prokofiev wrote such 
enduring scores as Lieutenant Kije and 
Alexander Nevsky, Leonard Bernstein 
composed West Side Story. But, by 
and large, the really successful film 
composers are those who, with an un- 
justifiable touch of condescension, are 
lumped together as "Hollywood com- 
posers," including such names as 
Dmitri Tiomkin, Leonard Rosenman, 
Alex North, Miklos Rozsa, John Wil- 

Cog Angeles flftmea tour.. June m, 1979-Part IV 


4 A Void Home': Grace in Space 


A growing number of scientists, humanists and just plain 
people see space's endless frontier as the only alternative 
to an earth of dwindling natural resources. 

These "space optimists"— interviewed in a USC school 
of journalism television documentary. "A Void Home"— 
view the energy crisis as a natural part of our evolutionary 
process and the negative nudge we need to begin building 
solar power satellites, and eventually space colonies. 

Peter Vajk, author of "Doomsday Has Been Canceled." 
and an authority on space colonies interviewed in the doc- 
umentary, envisions huge earth-orbiting solar power sat- 
ellites, each capable of providing the energy needs of a city 
the size of Los Angeles. 

"It's the trajectory of evolution," insists Timothy Leary. 
Leary, a frequent lecturer on space, discusses the evolu- 
tionary aspects of space in the documentary. "We were 
under water, and climbed to the shoreline. The DNA code 
has been working for 3.5 million years to get organisms to 
move faster, fly higher and become more diverse." 
nJJ? e 30_minute video project, which screened recently at 
USC, couldn't have been better timed. While the nation 
suffers from its dependence on oil and reexamines its com- 
mitment to nuclear power, "A Void Home" explores a new 
source of energy-solar power satellites. 

Solar-powered satellites could convert the sun's energy 
into electrical potential via solar cells and transmit that 
energy by microwave beams to ground-based receiving 
stations, which would convert the microwaves back into 
electrical energy. 

"A Void Home" points out that the technology exists, 
but that motivation and money are lacking. Cost estimates 
range from an opponent's claim of $1.5 trillion to a pro- 
ponent's estimate of $100 billion over a 20-year period. 

One possible answer to the prohibitive costs of building 
satellites on the ground and then shooting them into space, 
the documentary suggests, is to build them in space. The 
establishment of a colony on the moon would enable that 
planet's resources to be used to build satellites. Metal could 
be mined and processed on the moon, and because there is 
little gravity to hamper construction, there would be no 
limit to the size of the satellites. 

Tom Heppenheimer. author of "Colonies in Space," and a 
planetary scientist interviewed in "A Void Home," claims 
there would be a 20 to 1 return on the investment in the 
form of new services, new products and new energy. 

Besides the scientific and industrial aspects of space, the 
documentary also examines the cultural ramifications of 
moving into space. ^L 

Leary says that space migration and space colonies are 
the only alternatives to a "dead-end consciousness" on 

"People like Heppenheimer are going to tell you that it's 
got to be a serious business, that it's going to be unpleasant 
—it means they want to control it, as they control every- 
thing. And the reason we are going, is to get far away from 
the bureaucrats in city hall and German-sounding scien- 

ter We re going to leave them behind. That's the purpose 
of the tnp. We re going to go up there using their ships, 
but the purpose and the style and, above all. the freedom 
necessary is not going to come from civil servants and en- 
gineers, but from men and women like us as we move into 
high orbit. 
One of the groups actively promoting space colonies Is**' 

IN SPACE— NASA projection of space 
colony, featured in "A Void Home." 

the International L5 space society (named for a stable 
point in space proposed as a space colony site). The 2,400- 
member group is only slightly larger than the Flat Earth 
Society, whose members today still wonder why Columbus 
didn't fall off the edge. 

( The L5 Society points out, and scientists interviewed in 
"A Void Home" agree, that next to energy, space recreai- 
tion and tourism will be space's second-biggest business. 

Even more important to some than the prospects of gi:- 
ant vacation resorts and zero-gravity honeymoon hotels, 
is the benefit to the handicapped. 

"People who are handicapped here on earth, who are 
tied to a wheelchair, will be able to rent a condominium at 
zero-point-2G's, and live there in comparative freedom 
and great comfort," says Krafft Ehrick, a designer of rock- 
ets and space settlements and a former member of Wern- 
er von Braun's rocket team. 

The documentary was started in a USC school of 
Please Turn to Page 24, Col. 2 

24 Part IV-Thurs., Juw 14. 1979 flpB Attfldeg gPlttftCg ^ VOID HOME' 

Services Saturday for 
Veteran Jazz Drummer 

Services will be held at 11 a.m. Saturday at the Bethel 
Church of Christ, 1302 E. Adams, for Alton Redd, 75, the 
veteran jazz drummer who died last Thursday. 

Born in Baton Rouge, La., Redd came to Los Angeles in 
1918. He led his own orchestra, played with the Les Hite 
band during the 1930s, toured Europe with Kid Ory and 
spent a long stint at Disneyland during the 1960s, first un- 
der Harvey Brooks and then as leader. 

Redd leaves a wife; a daughter, saxophonist Vi Redd; a 
son, drummer Buddy Redd; six grandchildren, and two 
great-grandchildren. In accordance with New Orleans tra- 
dition, a band will play at the services. 


Uncut 'Rocky Horror' Screening Set ^ 

An uncut version of "The Rocky Horror Picture Show," 
vith a restored two minutes of footage in the "super he- 
roes" sequence, will screen Friday at midnight and Satur- 
day at 2 a.m. at the Tiffany Theater, 8534 Sunset Blvd., 
West Hollywood. Information: 659-6738. 



Continued from 23rd Page 

journalism experimental production class under the direc- 
tion of Pat Dunavan and Richard Zielinski. It was written, 
produced and directed by John Guthrie based on an origin- 
al concept and research of Peter Brosnan. Guthrie financed 
completion of the documentary, and was assisted in the fi- 
nal editing and rewriting by Ricardo Forrest. 

Guthrie said going to space was like "going to Wyoming, 
except the trout fishing isn't as good." He hopes to sell the 
documentary to a network or a large aerospace firm. 

"What we're trying to do is simply show people the pos- 
sibilities of space," Guthrie said. "Some say that if work 
began now, that by the end of the century there could be a 
new bud on the tree of mankind, branching into a true 
space race." 

Bormann is a jree-lance writer. 

LACC to Honor Alexis Smith 

Actress Alexis Smith and former Los Angeles City Col- ; 
lege theater department chairman Jerry Blunt will be 
honored during the college's 50th anniversary graduation 
today. Smith is an LACC graduate. Blunt came to the col- 
lege in 1931 and was instrumental in developing the thea- 
ter department. Ceremonies will begin at 6 p.m. 

.remarkable ... warm and 


.veryone, young and old, 
should put A LITTLE ROMANCE 
in their lives... It's the movie to 



extraordinary." rex reed, vogue 

"... f/elivers the romantic 
frissons that many star- 
studded, would-be blockbusters 
of the heart lumber in vain to 
achieve." david ansen, newsweek 


= October = 

Cowboys vs Minnesota 

7 Blue/ Sunday 

fTlarc Benno, 
An/on Punderburgh 
& the Rockett/ 

16 Horry Chopin 

19 TexasRockg 
&20 RollReunion 

Ray Sharp. JimmyVeltet.theCoasters. 
Big JoeTurner.UewelAkens: 2 i 

Coming in November, 

Richtone Chapter.Sweet Adelines Irk 

I Presents "Parade Barber Shop Style 

2 the Police. 3GlonaGaynor h 

J 4 Shawn Phillips, 9 Papa JohnCreacrl 

I& JohnHammond WLeoKottke I 
&JesseWinchester 16TomWalts I 

I %%mtnoM & 69c887o 
Eafam^Paae f Pruxtucfaana. 

I'M m^lMft TO UKITE AM ARTiac T" 

/ IP iJ/"Ml /-AM THltfL/ \ 

t nni iftT tuat i'i 

Pope: Devil still 
tempts mankind 

Pope John Paul II said 
yesterday the devil exists 
and tempts mankind with 
"enjoyment or immediate 

The pontiff told 15,000 
university students at a 
Mass in St. Peter's Basil- 
ica that Satan "deludes" 
people into thinking that 
they enjoy "unlimited lib- 

Instead, people should 
realize "liberty is not only 
given to man as a gift, but 
as a duty," the pope said. 

John Paul said the "evil 
spirit" tricks people into 
allowing themselves to be 
dominated by "numerous 
constraints," including 
their senses and instincts 
and the mass media. 





SUNDAY, NOV. 1, 7:30 


TICKETS: $12.°°, $15.°° and 18.". 





T H € fl T € K 


2032 14th St. 



•■ *" 


^^j^October 17, 19811ftfe^8 

The morning session from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. 
will consider the following topics: 

1. The nicotine high: How to poison yourself 

2. The intoxicant high: How to stupefy yourself 

3. The energizer high: How to fast-lane 

4. The virtuous-moralistic high: How to live 
an intelligent life without drugs. 

Lunch Intermission 

Topics to be considered in the afternoon 
session (2 p.m. to 5 p.m.) 

5. The erotic-ecstatic high: How to use 
cannabis intelligently. 

6. The computer-brain high: How to use LSD 

7. The vegetative-wisdom high: How to use the 
opiates intelligently. 

8. The turn-off high: How to use downers 
(hypnotics) intelligently. 

The invaluable experiences and opinions of 
the paying participants will be enthusiastically 


will be appearing at 
Heartwood College Dec. 5 & 6 

for a lecture & intimate workshop. 

Reserve your space this evening 
or write Butterfly Productions, 

Box 166, # 4, Palomar Arcade, 
Santa Cruz, CA 95060. 

$50 for Seminar (includes lecture) 










1 s 




^-> V-^ 

<£■ <$ 











Marge King 

1830 Ives Ave. 
Reno, NV 89507 
Home phone (702) 747-7690 


Managerial Sciences Department 
702-784-6*** (0*993 
Reno, Nevada 89507 

October 14, 1981 

Dear Tim, 

Found this in the student newspaper, the SAGEBRUSH, just yesterday. 
What a pleasant surprise. I look forward to your "debate" 

Leary v. Liddy 

Wierd lecture is No Hallucination 

by Linda Nusbaum 

Dr. Timothy Leary, an ex-Harvard psychologist 
who made headlines during the 1960's for his ex- 
periments with LSD, will go face-to-face with one of 
America's fastest-growing cult heros on the college 
lecture circuit, and mastermind of the Watergate 
break-in, G. Gordon Liddy. 

The debate is scheduled for Nov. 3 at 8 p.m. at the 
Centenial Colosseum. It is sponsored by the ASUN 
and is free to all students. 

Both men hold strong convictions to their freedom 

ideals. Leary, committed to the consciousness move- 
ment and development of personal freedom, became 
known as the "High Priest" and coined the phrase, 
"Turn on, tune in, drop out." 

Liddy, who was known as the "sphinx of 
Watergate" because he refused for six years to 
discuss his role in the 1972 Democratic National 
Committee break-in, considers power the prere- 
quisite for freedom. 

"Freedom, the absence of intrusion, is something 
you will have only so long as you're prepared to de- 
fend it," he maintains. 

I quit teaching last year and moved to Reno during the summer. I'm 
currently the Secretary for the above Department and enjoying it immensley. 
Small campus, friendly people, fairly conservative atmosphere. 

Will you have time for a visit while you are here? Please let me know. 
I can arrange a small gathering of people who would like to meet you, or 
can become a "Reno Tour Guide", or can help you remain anonymous if that is 
what you prefer. 

In either case, I look forward to seeing you again. 





<U. (U* - 8«- 7 ^ ^ 

Cos Anfletes ghncg 

CLEA VER: Different Ambitions 

Continued from 20th Page 

When he returned to the United 
States, attempted murder charges 
stemming from the 1968 police 
shootout Were dropped, and he was 
placed on probation for assault 

His turn to Christianity, Cleaver 
says, has made him view his violent 
past with a new perspective; espe- 
cially those years with the Pan- 

The Panthers were a lightning 
rod, he says, drawing toward them 
the bolts of fire coming down on the 
ghettos from the white community. 

"We were like those who staged 
the Boston Tea Party in a way," 
Cleaver adds. "We refused to go 
along with oppressive practices. We 
fought it as best we knew how." 

He acknowledges excesses by the 
Panthers: "There was trigger-hap- 
py behavior. Guys would have 
shootouts with each other and hurt 
innocent people." 

He leans forward, for the first 
time showing passion: "It was tra- 
gic, unacceptable, criminal, insane! 
I'm talking about innocent blood! It 
was a madhouse in the streets! 

"But, hey, I was one of them, OK? 
I knew what they were all about. 

We kept them in control with a sev- 
ere code. Almost everything carried 
the death penalty. 

"It was the only way we could 
deal with people with guns." 

Panthers caught drunk or 
drugged while on patrol ran the risk 
of being executed, Cleaver says. , 

Was the death penalty ever car- 
ried out? 

He rocks and stares at the images 
flashing on the television screen. 

"Well," he finally says slowly. "I 
could lie . . . and I could tell the 
truth. Either way I lose, right? So 
maybe I should leave that for my 

Foresees Enemies 

He wants to call his next book 
"Soul on Line," but doesn't have a 
publisher yet 

Of first importance to him, 
however, is his drive to become 
mayor of Oakland. 

"I'll either be mayor or I'll be 
dead," Cleaver says. "There are 
people who'd like to see me out of 
the way." 

Who are those people? 

"People into cocaine and stuff," 
he adds vaguely. 

Wilson, Cleaver believes, "is a 
hostage of Huey Newton." He won't 
explain, except to say he has noth- 
ing personal against Newton, who 
spends his days, as one has said, 
"trying to stay out of jail." 

"I buried the hatchet with Huey a 
long time ago," Cleaver adds. "The 
old arguments are no longer rele- 

Bobby Scale is in Washington, 
D.C, working for a suicide-preven- 
tion agency. Cleaver and Seale keep 
in touch. 

Supervisor John George calls 
Cleaver's upcoming effort to recall 
Wilson "absolutely insane." He 
adds: "It will fall on deaf ears." 

"I will go wherever the Lord 
takes me," says Cleaver. 

"I will do whatever work the 
Lord brings." 

The interview is over. Cleaver 
stands slowly, at 6-2 a massive man. 

"Remember me kindly," he says, 
in the manner of a country parson. 
And then he crosses the room and 
turns off the silent television set 

20 Part I / Thursday, October 1, 1981 * 

Continued from Third Page 

•warriors anymore." 

These are quiet days. When 
- Cleaver is not planning his assault - 
of- words on Oakland, he spends his 
. - time speaking for money, making 
stone and concrete flower pots he 
sells for $25-up and doing penance 
in the library at nearby De Anza 

Giving 30 talks a year for an 
average of $300 each and making 
the pots out of polished stone and 
Montana cement is how he supports 
himself. Working in the library is 
■ how he pays off his debt to the 

Cleaver was sentenced to 2,000 
hours of community service as a 
condition of probation for a 1968 
shootout with two Oakland police - 
r men that left Cleaver wounded and 
another Panther dead. 

It was as he was awaiting trial on 
. the charges that he jumped $50,000 
bail and fled the country. The self- 
. imposed exile lasted until 1975. 

Cleaver lives now in a small rent- 
ed house that was once a florist 
shop in a less desirable section of 
pleasant, upper-middle-class Cu- 
. pertino. 


CLEA VER: Establishment Goals 

His wife of 14 years recently won 
a law scholarship to Yale and is 
there now. Their children— a son, 
12, and a daughter, 14— are with 

There is nothing wrong with 
their marriage. Cleaver insists. 
Kathleen wants to attend Yale and 
he wants to be mayor of Oakland. So 
he lives alone and watches televi- 

He's hoping that the empty hours 
will spur him to write another book. 
"Soul on Ice" was an international 
best seller. "Soul on Fire" did less 

"I owe the government about 
$250,000 in back taxes," he says, 
shaking his head. "I need money 
. . .big money." 

The house is small and neat. The 
flower pots Cleaver makes sit 
around the living room. A television 
set, its sound turned off, plays in a 

Once in a while, as he speaks, his 
eyes are drawn to the images flash- 
ing on a silent screen. . . 

Born in Arkansas and raised in 
Los Angeles, Cleaver was the 
eighth person to join the Black Pan- 
thers when it was founded in 1966 

by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton. 

As minister of information, 
Cleaver was the more articulate 
member of the Panther's troika 
leadership. He claims that even in 
those days there was a "spiritual es- 
sence" to his life. 

"People think I'm a phony finding 
the Holy Spirit," he says defensive- 
ly. "What they don't realize is I had 
two grandfathers who were preach- 
ers. There's pattern there. . ." 

A very clear pattern, according to 
Cleaver's 73-year-old mother, 
Thelma Cleaver, who still lives in 
Los Angeles. 

"I believe Eldridge had a vision 
all right because his aunt had one 
once and I had one myself," she 

"I saw a king, like God, sitting on 
a throne in a garden of golden cab- 
bages and He said to me that if I 
lived right, all of those golden vege- 
tables would someday be mine." 

Her son did not see golden cab- 
bages. He saw Fidel Castro, Mao 
tse-Tung, Karl Marx and Jesus 
Christ in the moon. 

He was living in the south of 
France then, in exile, after an Odys- 
sey that took him from the United 

States to Cuba to Algiers, with stops 
in other Communist capitals. 

"They were not good times," 
Cleaver says, rocking slowly and 
staring at (but not seeing) a sound- 
less "Love Boat" rerun on the tele- 
vision screen. 

"The people back home who were 
supposed to be working on my case 
had abandoned me. My father had 
died a few months before. I missed 
America. I didn't want my children 
to grow up as expatriates." 

Thoughts of Suicide 

Disillusioned with communism, 
revolution and himself, Cleaver re- 
members sitting on the porch of his 
apartment outside of Cannes on a 
moonlit night, holding a 9 mm. 
Browning automatic pistol in his 

"I was going to kill myself," he 
says quietly. "There was no drugs 
or liquor involved. I was alone and 
angry. Everything was false. 

"I was waiting for a certain feel- 
ing to come over me before I put the 
gun to my head. Whenever I did 
something in the past, I couldn't do 
it until I got that FEELING. 

"But once it came over me, I 
could do anything. Shoot somebody, 
walk in and rob somebody, any- 
thing. . ." 

It was as he was waiting and star- 

ing at the full moon, Cleaver says, 
that he began to see images: from 
his own through Communist leaders 
to Jesus. 

"I exploded into tears," he says, 
"and began shaking like I was going 

He became a newborn Christian 
then and there, the one-time bitter 
atheist says, and the next morning 
began making plans to come home 
and face trial. 

While the transformation is often 
viewed with more skepticism than 
awe, Cleaver insists it was revival 
and not political expediency that 
flashed the face of Jesus on the 
moon, like the "Family Feud" game 
show flickering on the silent televi- 
sion screen. 

"He's raised enough hell in this 
country to have found God," says 
former Black Panther attorney 
John George, now an Alameda 
County supervisor. 

"But his credibility as a newborn 
Christian is very, very low." 

"He was and is a con artist," adds 
a writer who has followed the for- 
tune of the Panthers for years. He 
asked to remain anonymous. 

"He's the same old Eldridge in 
that respect. But in a way, I sup- 
pose, he could have conned himself 
so that he believes. Isn't that a kind 
of religiosity?" 

His vision of Jesus? "Probably an 
acid trip," the writer adds tartly. 

"I don't care who calls me a hy- 
pocrite," Cleaver says. "It doesn't 

Nor is he especially concerned 
with those incredulous over his in- 
terest in the Mormon Church, 
which up until three years ago 
banned blacks from becoming 

He calls the church "a place of 
warmth and caring" and is con- 
sidering becoming a member. 

An ex-radical friend from the old 
days turned him on to the Mormons, 
Cleaver remembers, and he found 
himself drawn in by the "wamth" of 
the group. 

It bothers him not at all that the 
church once rejected priesthood for 
blacks. "Things change," he says. 
"Nothing's perfect . . . and they 
don't bar blacks anymore." 

"I like to study religion," he adds, 
rocking back and forth. "I've been a 
Moonie, a Black Muslim, a Catholic, 
a Baptist, a Jehovah's Witness, a 
Seventh-day Adventist. . ." 

He thinks for a minute. "I guess 
that's all." 

Cleaver's critics believe his jump 
to Jesus was for the sole purpose of 
helping his court case. If so, it 

Please see CLEAVER, Page 21 

12 Part I /Wednesday, September 30, 1981 * 

Associated Press 

Endurance feat — Civil rights activist Dick Grego- 
ry on his 1 00-mile walk from New Orleans to Baton 
Rouge, La., that he undertook just 28 hours after 
completing a 70-day fast. He wears medical moni- 
tors. Gregory ended the two-day walk fatigued 
and sounding weak but he said he felt all right. 

HAITIANS: Vessels 
to Be Stopped at Sea 

Continued from First Page 

the Haitians are fleeing their native land to escape 
poverty— the average per capita annual income there is 
roughly $300— and, to a lesser extent, to escape the re- 
pression of the Duvalier regime. Some of the immi- 
grants—those who cannot afford the fares charged by 
smugglers— are thought to be, in effect, indenturing 
. themselves as servants to finance their illegal trips. 
The White House, by releasing a presidential pro- 
clamation and an executive order late Tuesd^ 
peared to jump the gun on an announcement " 
Haiti agrc^^nt scheduled for today. Sir- 
nounr*- ' A 



civil rights enforcer Tuesday c 
dominantly black schools to brii 
parity with other schools and i 
ordered busing to achieve desef 

The comments by William F 
tant attorney general for civil 
tailed statement to date of t> 
departure from earlier school 

Reynolds first made the 
Chicago before a meeting of 
of the States, and the Justi 
them here Tuesday. 

"Forced busing" has lar? 
acceptance it needed to wo 
al achievement, Reynolds 
experiment that has not w 
obviously makes little sen 

"Experience teaches u 
school environment mor 
educational attention," 
necessary, their facilitit 
hanced to bring them i 

*4/y pie6° 



e. p f c ^ 

8 Part V/ Tuesday, November 3, 1981 

Book Review 

The Anatomy of Another 
Medical Horror Story 


What Happened to My Mother by Henry Ed- 
wards (Harper & Row. $10.95 

The medical horror story is a relative- 
ly recent phenomenon: a literary side 
effect of the technology that has revolu- 
tionized the diagnosis and treatment of 
many bewildering illnesses. While 
"Whatever Happened to My Mother" 
belongs in the expanding category that 
includes "Heartsounds," "I'm Dancing, 
as Fast as I Can," "Anatomy of an Ill- 
ness" and "Second Life," it differs from 
them in several respects. Since Edwards 
is neither victim nor widower, but the 
son of the patient, he is able to maintain 
somewhat more perspective than other 
writers in the genre. 

This account is not an indictment of 
the medical psychiatric establishment 
but an exploration of the reasons for its 
shortcomings in this particular case. The 
author learns a great deal about mental 
illness in the four years following the 
sudden onset of his mother's symptoms, 
and he is eager to impart his knowledge. 
If he seems didactic and simplistic by 
turns, it's because he constantly alter- 
nates as teacher and pupil: sometimes a 
step or two ahead of the reader, often a 
bit behind, always doing his best to lead 
his troops safely out of the strange and 
frightening wilderness in which they're 
lost. Eventually the family is rescued, 
but no one emerges from the experience 

New List of Virtues 

When this report begins, the three 
people concerned— Edwards; his father, 
Sam Katz, and his mother, Esther— are 
all nominal believers in medical infalli- 
bility. By the end of the book, they're 
heretics, having learned that courtesy, 
cooperation and respect are not always 
virtues; stubbornness, irascibility and 
resistance to authority not necessarily 
vices. While Sam, Esther and Henry 
were occupied with their full and pro- 
ductive lives, the rules of medicine 
changed, catching them entirely unpre- 
pared. Like everyone else fortunate 
enough to have escaped a serious mental 
or physical illness, the family lived in a 
medical time warp. That has happened- 
to thousands, and the more trusting and 
amenable one is, the greater the risk. 
There is no insurance against this even- 
tuality except turning oneself into a 

Sam Katz and his son were vigilant 
but they were deferential and acquies- 
cent, reluctant to admit their worst 
fears. When Esther Katz first began to 
hear the malevolent voices and noises 

rough apartment walls, her husband 

eated her complaints as ordinary ex- 
aggeration. The neighbors were loud and 
unpleasant: Esther had a flair for drama. 
It was not until she accused Sam of be- 
ing part of the conspiracy that he be- 
came seriously concerned; only after she 
ran out into the night pleading for help 
did he become so alarmed that he called 
Henry for advice and help. 

'The Best in New York' 

After inquiring and investigating fa- 
cilities for the treatment of acute mental 
illness, they settled upon a private hos- 
pital recommended by a well-known 
psychiatrist as "the best in New York." 
Esther, by then aware of her illness, 
committed herself for treatment. 
Eighty -three days went by while her 
mental and physical condition deterior- 
ated and the physician in charge ducked 
the family's calls and queries. Esther 
Katz was kept in restraints, given mas- 
sive doses of powerful tranquilizers, ig- 
nored and neglected by a harassed and 
overworked staff. A student nurse ex- 
plained to Henry that trainees are 

taught to cope with the stresses of their 
jobs by hardening themselves to the pa- 
tients' misery— warned by their superi- 
ors to resist identification with the pa- 
tients, instructed to cultivate a sense of 

After the first 19 days, the attending 
doctor informs husband and son that Es- 
ther is suffering from "organic brain 
syndrome" though the tests for that 
condition are negative. She is being 
treated for this "presumed" disorder by 
drugs that have precipitated a profound 
depression, but anti- depressant medica- 
tion is contraindicated because the pa- 
tient also has high blood pressure. 

"I want to make sure I've got this 
straight," Edwards says politely, still 
playing by the Queensberry rules, una- 
ware they no longer apply. Eventually 
father and son get it straight and man- 
age to remove Esther from the best pri- 
vate hospital in New York. 

A Brighter Future 

By this time, she has developed sev- 
ere physical disabilities in addition to the 
mental problem. They search out and 
find other doctors and another hospital. 
A new diagnosis is made; the original 
medication is stopped and a drug that 
has the opposite effect is begun. Esther 
Katz improves enough to return home 
provided a nurse can be found. Though 
her fears are diminishing, she is too 
weak and exhausted from her ordeal to 
care for herself. A suitable companion is 
discovered, and the bleak mood lifts; the 
future brightens. 

There are some flashbacks to the fam- 
ily's early years, a few pleasant vig- 
nettes of the relationship between Es- 
ther Katz and her frail black nurse, Mrs. 
Gordy, but they are mere window dress- 
ing in Edwards' ingratiating telling of 
what is fundamentally a blood -chilling 
tale. These small embellishments seem 
efforts to keep the story from being dis- 
missed as just another rancorous polem- 
ic against the medical profession, a re- 
ward to the readers for their attention 
during a grueling and arduous lesson. 


June 11, 1979 

Timothy Leary 
168 N. Almont 
Beverly Hills 
California 90212 

Dear Timothy: 

Tarn Mossman's office asked 
that I forward the enclosed 
to you. . . 

Best wishes , 



f X^ru 

%trt — 

3" crc 


• ^Dialectical Comics 



Translated by Richard Appignanesi. 
Illustrated. 156pp. New York: 
Pantheon Books. Paper, $2.95. 


By Richard Appignanesi. 
Illustrated by Oscar Zarate. 
169pp. New York: 
Pantheon Books. Paper, $2.95. 


WHEN it comes to understanding Marx, the 
problem is where to begin. What is wanted is 
an introduction that takes Marx seriously, 
yet refrains from mystification. Unfortunately, this is 
not easily had. 

On one side are the commentators anxious to out- 
smart Marx. Hence his portrayal as inconsistent, dog- 
matic, outdated. One might wonder how so muddled a 
thinker has had such widespread influence. Moreover, 
Marxology has become an established academic in- 
dustry. Each scholar hones his special emphasis in 
order to differentiate his product. Whole careers have 
been created by becoming a standard footnote. 

But if a specter haunts the specialists, it is the fear 
of being thought simplistic. To explain Marx to lay- 
men must mean cutting corners. Even graduate semi- 
nars only scan the superstructure. Here, too, one won- 
ders whether all those peasants might have acted dif- 
ferently had they realized the 
epistemological problems in the 
"Theses on Feuerbach." 

After that comes another hur- 
dle. Marx wrote and thought in 
philosophical German. Even in 
good translations, his phrases 
still seem foreign. Making sense 
of Marx's metaphysics requires 
an intellectual act of will and a 
teacher who actually enjoys 
teaching students who are just 
starting out. 

But now a superb little book 
has appeared, in a most improb- 
able format. It is called, appro- 
priately, "Marx for Begin- 
ners." Its author is "Rius," the 

pseudonym of Eduardo del Rio, \ 

a Mexican editorial cartoonist. 
The translation, by Richard Ap- 
pignanesi, conveys the wit and 
erudition of the original version. The 
publisher calls it a "documentary 
comic book," a slightly solemn de- 
scription. I recommend it unreserv- 
edly for anyone who wants the rudi- 
ments of Marx from an engaging 

And a comic book it is, though with- 
out the eviscerated plot typical of 
Classic Comics ("Cap'n Ahab! Whale 
off starboard bow!"). Each page 
presents a mock-serious tableau. The 
University of Berlin is shown in "a 

Andrew Hacker is the author of 
"Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideol- 
ogy, Science." 

terrific turmoil of new ideas" as our young hero ar- 
rives. "Who is God?" "What is Man?" "Why Do We 
Live?" ask puzzled undergraduates. But Hegel's ideas 
were taking hold. "World History is the Progress in 
the Consciousness of Liberty." This can be pretty 
heady stuff. So little helpers appear on the pages, to 
ask questions ("Am I making myself clear?") or offer 
encouragement ("There's an example coming soon"). 
When we are told that Marx shows how "the laws of 
historical development" ordain the death of capital- 
ism, a sideline sitter inquires, "Why struggle for so- 
cialism if it will happen anyway?" 

Materialism, dialectics, determinism are all suc- 
cinctly explained. Materialism is not a matter of sim- 
ple economic motives, but an ancient and honorable 
philosophy going back at least to Democritus — who 
makes a brief appearance. Key phrases like "modes 
of production" are clarified by means of beguiling il- 
lustrations. We see a cave man hewing at a wheel, and 
are informed that he is engaged in making history as 

Naturally, there are omissions. The book ends with 
the proletariat seizing power. What comes later is 
never described. We never see the ultimate Marxian 
idyll, where people "hunt in the morning, fish in the 
afternoon, rear cattle in the evening,, criticize after 
dinner." Nor does "Rius" try to make Marx contem- 
porary, llis bosses wear silk hats rather than modern 
executive garb. As it happens, Marx and Engels felt 
capitalism would reach a stage at which "the bour- 
geoisie can be dispensed with," to be supplanted by 
"salaried managers." So they do have something to 
say about our current ruling class. But a book for 
beginners must leave certain 
questions open. And that, of 
course, is the point. 

The publisher promises more 
installments in the series. They 
have a high standard to follow. 
For this reason, the companion 
"Lenin for Beginners" points up 
certain problems. Here Mr. Ap- 
pignanesi is the author, with il- 
lustrations by Oscar Zarate. 
The drawings are not nearly so 
jolly, and the helpful asides are 
missing. In the volume on Marx, 
allusions to earlier philosophers 
illuminated his ideas. In dealing 
with Lenin, however, we face a 
more formidable cast of charac- 

/ ters, among them N.S. Chkhei- 

dze, Anatoly Lunacharsky and 
G.M. Krzhizhanovsky. A rough 
regimen for beginners. 
This primer focuses on Lenin's role 
in planning the Russian Revolution, 
and as such it is skillfully done. Still, it 
is really an upper-class course on a 
specific historical period. Lenin ap- 
pear as an expert organizer; his 
ideas get scant attention. The debate 
with Trotsky on revolution ("uninter- 
rupted" vs. "permanent") coulc' 
been made to come alive with a few 
deft cartoons. 

Bui "Rius" on Marx is magnificent. 
He shows that pictures can amplify 
ideas, and that simplicity need not 
forgo subtlety. Above all, "Rius" 
brings together humor and thought in 
From -Marx for Beginners" a sparkling dialectical display. ■ 

BY his i*aoue, a wo«ee maces soMc-rvMu (cwth 


pro pc-erf, turns ftg y PRESTO / INTO 


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Road Into Leuren, 1881 

ishment of Vincent van 
the Dutch art historian 
DRAWINGS (Overlook 
stiff imitation of Millet 

An Old Man From the Almshouse 
Drinking Coffee, 1882. 

at the start, through the vigorous "Winter Garden" of 1884 and such master- 
pieces as "The Potato Eaters" a year later, to the startling swirls and whorls of 
the final work. The price of this six-by-eight-inch book is low, perhaps because 
it was printed in Yugoslavia ; but some of the images are quite muddy. 

Icene and Backdrop 

House "insider's" experience, concerns Robin War- 
ren, a newly divorced and footloose Californian who 
joins the White House staff and finds himself entan- 
gled in what is more or less a replay of the Chile-Cen- 
tral Intelligence Agency-Allende story told in the 
guise of an overthrow in Uruguay during some fic- 
tional future Presidency. The question: Can a Presi- 
dent and his aides ever justify telling the people less 
than the whole truth? 

Leslie Waller, the most ambitious of the three novel- 
ists, has attempted to tell the story of the 1960's in 
terms of the 1964 graduating class of New Era, Ohio, 
and their parents and friends, following a handful of 
rather atypical natives of Middle America through the 
decade: Frank, a black whose father is shot by the po- 
lice on graduation day; Peter, a Latin who escapes 
from the Cuban venture and ends up in the mob world ; 
Nick, who drifts into the drug culture, emerges as a 
rock star, and is born again; Tom, a seminarian and 
the town's first conscientious objector; Sally, the at- 
tractive valedictorian and liberal; and Hurd, heir to 
the town millions, West Pointer and conservative. 

Gwen Davis's novel is a slight, superficial but di- 
verting work about the people on Washington's periph- 
ery. Among them are an Oriental businessman who 
owns a chic club and is exposed as a profiteer by a gos- 
sip columnist; his lawyer-mistress; an insecure movie 
star who becomes an activist in a local community 

center; a socialite novelist and her jobless husband; 
and a virtuous hostess married to an honest and there- 
fore indigent Congressman. All are entertaining to 
read about. 

These are novels that will sell. They are compe- 
tently and smoothly written in the mass-produced and 
commercially successful manner of what professors 
of literature used to call the dramatic novel. Scene fol- 
lows scene, each as if played before an invisible cam- 
era. The authors, apparently convinced that the appe- 
tite of today's reader is insatiable, have provided a 
steady diet of sex — all highly technical and varied in 
combinations. (Also, one must note, quite joyless. In 
the old days, one raced through the plot in search of 
the salacious; now one plods through such scenes, 
anxious to return to the story.) Still, these novels pro- 
vide good enough reading for a rainy weekend or for 
those nights when there is nothing much on television. 

What should disturb us, I suppose, considering the 
current popularity of such books, is that all three au- 
thors share a cynicism about human nature and ac- 
cept a conspiracy theory of history — a theory that is 
ultimately too simple, but one that, if held as a basic 
belief, makes nonsense of the democratic process and 
destroys the will to participate in it. In a nation where 
the majority of the eligible electorate does not even 
bother to vote, such books can be at once symptom, ra- 

Continued on Page 33 

The New York Times Book Review/ May 13, 1979 


so that your children's children and genera- 
tions after them will inherit an even richer 
land than was entrusted to you," the Pope 
said in his homily. "You have the potential 
to provide food for the millions who have 
nothing to eat and thus help to rid the world 
of famine." 

hushed unison: By the end of the day, the 
lowering sun shone from a clean blue Iowa 
sky. When the vast crowd sang the first 
line of the dismissal hymn — "O beauti- 
ful, for spacious skies, for amber waves 
of grain" — in hushed unison, the visit 

Philadelphia: Radiating warmth and stamina 

Keith Meyers 

achieved a union of spirit and place beyond 
sentimentality. The celebration was also 
perhaps the most ecumenical of John 
Paul's American tour. "The theme of his 
visit is to receive the rural people, and to 
celebrate the relationship of God, man and 
land," said H. Oliver Gillespie, the execu- 
tive director of the Living History Farms 
and a Protestant. "That concept encom- 
passes all religions." Dan Lyman, a stu- 
dent at Midland Lutheran College, added: 
"He is a great man, a man for the times. I 
can see the day when we will be in 

communion with Catholics. I 

only hope I see it in my lifetime." 
In many respects, John Paul's 
37 hours in Chicago reprised the 
week's other city visits — but on an 
even grander scale. At O'Hare air- 
port, he climbed into a limousine 
with Cardinal John Cody for a 
triumphal motorcade through 
a Polish neighborhood where 
crowds, estimated by police at 
three-quarters of a million people, 
cheered, wept and threw flowers 
and streamers as he passed. Inside 
Holy Name Cathedral, 2,000 
priests and nuns greeted his arrival 
with the hymn "Holy God, We 
Praise Thy Name" and tenor Luci- 
ano Pavarotti sang "Ave Maria." 
humanism: The Pope, who fin- 
gered a black rosary and slumped 
pensively on his throne while Pa- 
varotti sang, drew cheers when he 
said: "Chicago is an American 

)| city. Chicago is also called the sec- 
I ond Polish city in the world." But 
then he moved quickly to the tran- 
scendent humanism that some- 
times colors his thought: "May the 
words I address to you here be for 
all of Chicago . . . For in coming 
here I want to show my respect — 
beyond the limit of the Catholic 
faith, even beyond all religion — 
for man, for the humanity that is in 
every human being. The Christ, 
whom I unworthily represent, 
taught me to do this. I must obey 
His command of fraternal love, 
and I do it with great joy." 

Friday began with an early- 
morning appearance before a 
group of Hispanic activists, to 
whom he spoke in Spanish, and 
ended with a concert by the Chi- 
cago Symphony at the cathedral. 
In between, the Pontiff managed 
to celebrate one particularly joy- 
ous Mass for the Polish communi- 
ty at the Five Holy Martyrs 
Church and another, late in the 
afternoon, for half a million peo- 
ple in Grant Park, on the city's 

In Chicago: A plea for humanity 

Ken Regan — Camera 5 




lakefront. "When I lift up my eyes," John 
Paul said, "I see in you the people of God, 
united to sing the praises of the Lord and to 
celebrate his Eucharist. I see also the whole 
people of America, one nation formed of 
many people: E Pluribus Unum." 

ACTS: At midday on that remarkable Fri- 
day, the Pope also issued the most un- 
equivocal statement of his papacy on artifi- 
cial contraception. "In exalting the beauty 
of marriage," John Paul told an extraordi- 
nary convocation of 350 U.S. Roman 
Catholic bishops, "you rightly spoke 
against both the ideology of contraception 
and contraceptive acts, as did the encyclical 
Humanae Vitae. And I myself today, with 
the same conviction of Paul VI, ratify the 
teaching of this encyclical, which was put 
forth by my predecessor 'by virtue of the 
mandate entrusted to us by Christ'." In the 
same address, he reiterated the church's 

rejection of abortion, of divorce, of homo- 
sexual practice — as opposed to tendency — 
and of non-marital heterosexual sex. 

Clearly bracing himself for an onslaught 
of criticism, the Pope also said: "Brothers 
in Christ, as we proclaim the truth in love, it 
is not possible for us to avoid criticism, nor 
is it possible to please everyone." Sister 
Mary Van Dyke of Racine, Wis., was disap- 
pointed with John Paul's statement ban- 
ning women's ordination. "There are many 
issues in tne United States that are very 
controversial, that are not black or white, 
but the Pope talks of these issues as abso- 
lute," said the Dominican nun, who favors 
women's admission to the priesthood. 
"He's not in touch with the mood of the 
Catholics in this country." 

As John Paul arrived in Washington to 
begin the final two days of his journey, a 
group of priests, nuns and lay Catholics 

protesting his refusal to ordain women 
distributed leaflets at St. Matthew's Cathe- 
dral, where the Pope was holding a Mass for 
priests. They also planned to take their 
cause to the throngs expected for Sunday's 
Mass on the Washington Mall. And there 
will undoubtedly be quick reaction this 
week — and struggle for years to come — 
over the traditional stance on sexual prac- 
tice that he took in Chicago. 

Beyond such controversies lies the larger 
question of John Paul's manifest appeal to 
American Catholics and non-Catholics 
alike. In the fifteen years since the Catholic 
Church acknowledged the spiritual integri- 
ty of Judaism and Protestantism at Vatican 
II, virulent anti-Catholicism in the country 
has declined dramatically. "The council 
broke Roman Catholicism open, made it 
credible and attractive and offered some 
promise to Protestants that there was fel- 


In his seven-day visit to the U.S., in eighteen major addresses 
and homilies, John Paul II managed to speak out on some of the 
most pressing issues facing Roman Catholics — and other Ameri- 
cans. The Pope had prepared the speeches himself, writing each 
one out by hand in Polish, before giving them to his official 
translators for final editing and translation. Some of his most 
important statements: 


Priesthood is forever — tu es sacerdos in aeternum ... we do 
not return the gift once given. It cannot be that God who gave the 
impulse to say "yes" now wishes to hear "no." 

The church's traditional decision to call men to the priest- 
hood, and not to call women, is not a statement about human 
rights, nor an exclusion of women from holiness and mission in 
the church. Rather, this decision expresses the conviction of the 
church about this particular dimension of the gift of priesthood 
by which God has chosen to shepherd His flock. 


Faced with problems and disappointments, many people will 
try to escape from their responsibility: escape in selfishness, 
escape in sexual pleasure, escape in drugs, escape in violence, 
escape in indifference and cynical attitudes. Dear young people: 
do not be afraid of honest effort and honest work. . . With Christ's 
help, and through prayer, you can answer His call, resisting 
temptation and fads, and every form of mass manipulation. 


In today's society, we see so many disturbing tendencies and 
so much laxity regarding the Christian view on sexuality that 
have all one thing in common: recourse to the concept of 
freedom to justify any behavior that is no longer consonant 

with the true moral order and the teaching of the church. 

Moral norms do not militate against the freedom of the person 
or the couple; on the contrary, they exist precisely for that 
freedom, since they are given to insure the right use of freedom. 
Whoever refuses to accept these norms . . . whoever seeks to 
liberate himself or herself from these norms, is not truly free. 

Free indeed is the person who models his or her behavior in a 
responsible way according to the exigencies of the objective 
good. What I have said here regards the whole of conjugal 
morality, but it applies as well to the priests with regard to the 
obligations of celibacy. 

As authentic teachers of God's law and as compassionate 
pastors you [the bishops of the U.S.] also rightly stated: 
"Homosexual activity ... as distinguished from homosexual 
orientation, is morally wrong." 


With the candor of the Gospels, the compassion of pastors and 
the charity of Christ, you [the bishops] faced the question of the 
indissolubility of marriage, rightly stating: "The covenant be- 
tween a man and a woman joined in Christian marriage is as 
indissoluble and irrevocable as God's love for His people and 
Christ's love for His church." 


There is no human progress when everything conspires to give 
full reign to the instincts of self-interest, sex and power. We must 
find a simple way of living. For it is not right that the standard of 
living of the rich countries should seek to maintain itself by 
draining off a great part of the reserves of energy and raw 
materials that are meant to serve the whole of humanity ... All 
you citizens of the United States, you have such a tradition of 
spiritual generosity, industry, simplicity and sacrifice that you 



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I 1979 R J. Reynolds Tobacco Co 


ou never had before: 
on with ultra-low tar. 

lowship and communication possible," says 
Albert Outler, professor emeritus of sociolo- 
gy at Southern Methodist University. The 
message John Paul brought for Protestant 
America, Outler says, was that "Catholics 
are fellow Christians, sometimes more deep- 
ly spiritual than we." 

'values': For all faiths, the Pope's pilgrim- 
age struck an emotional chord, a national 
religiosity normally masked from public 
celebration by the American imperative for 
separation of church from state. "There are 
so few public occasions on which to cele- 
brate those religious values. You don't get 
up and talk about Christ on the Fourth of 
July — and perhaps that's the way it-should 
be," says Michael Novak, a Catholic writer. 
"But John Paul's visit gives people a chance 
to publicly express their religious fervor in a 
beautiful way." 

The seeming contradiction in the specta- 

cle of materialistic Americans fervently 
applauding the Pope's attacks on consum- 
erism and the gap between the rich and the 
poor may be merely the latest manifestation 
of the American penchant for feeling guilty. 
But it may well go much deeper than that, 
to a genuine yearning for values older than 

"What people like about John Paul," said 
Worldview magazine senior editor Richard 
Neuhaus, a Lutheran, "is that he is challeng- 
ing some of the basic structures of the mod- 
ern world. He's seen through its fundamen- 
tal flaw — the disregarding of the spirit. And 
he's telling us, 'God is alive and well and 
calling you to radical discipleship'." Novak 
goes even further. "John Paul embodies the 
real meaning of charisma, which is from the 
Greek and indicates the presence of God," 
Novak believes. "His manner is quiet, effort- 
less. He doesn't have to try to project him- 

self. He's rooted. He says exactly what he 
believes, and we're starved for that." 

Before flying to America, John Paul told 
the bishops of Ireland: "Precisely because 
we are defenseless, we have a special right to 
influence those who wield the sword of 
authority. For it is well known that in the 
field of political action, as elsewhere, not 
everything can be obtained by the sword. 
There are deeper reasons and stronger laws 
to which men, nations and people are sub- 
ject. We come before those in authority as 
spokesmen for the moral order." As the 
Pontiff demonstrated last week, his unique 
combination of passionate humanism, in- 
tellectual depth and moral certitude have 
given him impressive qualifications for 
moral leadership of the West. 



papal party and bureau reports 

cannot fail to heed this call today for a fresh determination . . . 

Christ demands openness to our brothers and sisters in need . . . 

We cannot stand idly by, enjoying our own riches and 
freedom, if in any place, the Lazarus of the twentieth century 
stands at our doors . . . Riches and freedom create a special 
obligation. The poor of the United States and of the world are 
your brothers and sisters in Christ. You must never be content to 
leave them just the crumbs from the feast. You must take of your 
substance, and not just of your abundance, in order to help them. 
And you must treat them like guests at your family table. 


In exalting the beauty of marriage you [the bishops] rightly 
spoke against both the ideology of contraception and contracep- 
tive acts, as did the encyclical Humanae Vitae. And I myself 
today . . . ratify the teaching of this encyclical . . . 

You also gave witness to the truth . . . serving all humanity, 
when . . . you reaffirmed the right to life and the inviolability of 
every human life, including the life of unborn children. 


Being necessarily based on equitable recognition of the rights 
of all, [a general, over-all peace in the area] cannot fail to include 
a consideration and just settlement of the Palestinian question. 

I also hope for a statute that, under international guarantees 
. . . would respect the particular nature of Jerusalem, a heritage 
sacred to the veneration of millions of believers of the three great 
monotheistic religions — Judaism, Christianity and Islam. 


The will of Christ impels us to work earnestly and 
perseveringly for unity with all our Christian brethren, being 
mindful that the unity we seek is of one perfect faith, a unity in 

truth and love. We must pray and study together, knowing, 
however, that intercommunion between divided Christians is 
not the answer to Christ's appeal for perfect unity. And with 
God's help we will continue to work humbly and resolutely to 
remove the real divisions that still exist, and thus to restore that 
full unity in faith which is the condition for sharing in the 


We are troubled ... by reports of the development of 
weaponry exceeding in quality and size the means of war and 
destruction ever known before. In this field also we applaud the 
decisions and agreements aimed at reducing the arms race ... we 
must ask ourselves whether there will continue to accumulate 
over the heads of . . . children the threat of common extermina- 
tion, for which the means are in the hands of the modern states, 
especially the major world powers. Are the children to receive 
the arms race from us as a necessary inheritance? 


Disturbing factors are frequently present in the form of the 
frightful disparities between excessively rich individuals and 
groups on the one hand and, on the other hand, the majority made 
up of the poor or, indeed, of the destitute, who lack food and 
opportunities for work and education, and are in great numbers 
condemned to hunger and disease. And concern is also caused at 
times by the radical separation of work from property, by man's 
indifference to the production enterprise, to which he is linked 
only by a work obligation without feeling that he is working for a 
good that will be his or for himself. 

It is no secret that the abyss separating the minority of the 
excessively rich from the multitude of the destitute is a very grave 
symptom in the life of any society . . . Surely the only way to 
overcome this serious disparity between areas of satiety and areas 
of hunger and oppression is through coordinated cooperation by 
all countries. This requires, above all, a unity inspired by an 
authentic perspective of peace. 






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California - 


rexas may be brawnier. New 
York may be brassier. But 
California is more than anywhere 
else. It is the state of our 
dreams and nightmares. It is a place so 
lush that everything grows there, from 
close-minded conservatism in Orange 
County to open-headed liberalism in 
Marin. And what California grows, it 
exports — which is as true of its 
political ideas as its agricultural yield. 

The newest notion to have taken root 
there and spread across the US was a 
most un-California-like phenomenon — 
limits, gas shortages, Proposition 13. 
The state of more ran head-on into the 
fact of less. For this special issue we 
sought to look at some pieces of the 
state's political mosaic in the aftermath. 
In his opening essay, journalist Barry 
Farrell finds that the glories of the 
California visage are being touched by 
perceptible worry lines. California 
dreamin' is facing the realities. 

Yet the dream does go on, and the 
main political actors on the California 
screen are each pursuing large and 
powerful visions with undiminished 
energy. Jerry Brown, the subject of this 
month's Politics Today interview, 
believes that it is precisely his 
understanding of limits that will enable 
him to unseat a sitting president of his 
own party. Ronald Reagan, for his part, 
also wants to be president — the oldest 
man ever to hold that office, if he can 
overcome the country's age prejudice. 
The nation's only resigned president is 
also a Californian, and he is far from 
resigned to exile, as his campaign to 
reemerge as an elder statesman 
makes perfectly clear. Meanwhile, 

the state's young lieutenant governor, 
Mike Curb, is trying to zoom into the 
statehouse — applying the new belief 
that flair will get you there — but he is 
also learning the old truth that haste 
makes waste. Flair is worth something 
though. Which is why most every 1980 
presidential campaign manager is 
already figuring how to get Hollywood 
money-raising muscle behind, or in 
front of, his candidate. Campaign 
financing laws have made the sleekest 
superstars into the newest fat cats. 

These personalities — political and 
otherwise — testify to the continuing 
zest of California — its relentless 
commitment to the possibility of 
rejuvenation, however fleeting each 
renascence may be. There is also a 
less-often noted solidity in California, 
something encountered most clearly 
away from the glamour centers of the 
state's uplifting coast and resurgent 
waves. In those fields Proposition 13 
found a natural support. And judging 
from the small town of Ferndale, 
self-imposed boundaries seem to suit 
the self-reliant citizenry. 

Those sentiments may signify an end 
to the state's uncomplicated place in the 
sun. But California — more or less — 
remains the state with the greatest 
range of vigor in the nation. This special 
issue touches only some of what is true 
of the state today. And it is all sure to 
change at least some by tomorrow. So 
this is hardly the last word. We expect 
to return editorially to test the waters 
and turn over the soil repeatedly. Even 
with limits, California is where much of 
what happens in America begins. 
- The Editors 




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Tenderloin Sex Pit 
Full of Human Garbage 

By Warren Hinckle 

The gray-haired widow newly arrived from 
Florida opened her window in the Anton ia Manor 
Hotel, which is on the 100 block of Turk Street, in the 
lower intestine of the Tenderloin, and just about died 
when she saw what the bums in the back of the porny 
were doing. 

They were in a deep pit. There were about twelve 
of them. One was a pregnant woman. They were 
yelling and fighting and drinking. Some of them had 
their clothes off. It was six o'clock in the morning. 

"Why don't you come down and join us, honey?" 
said a bum in the buff when she asked them to quiet 

The pit people, who aren't usually that polite, are 
a group of sexually active winos who — for the past 
year — have made their home in a pit-like depression 
at the rear of the Screening Room, a lower Jones 
Street porny. 

The bums have filled the pit with broken 

mattresses an d rotting rugs and stained sofa padding. 
There are more empty Thunderbird hottles than stars 
in the sky. There they "dine on garbaggio alfresco and 

drink and sleep and do the Unmentionable. 

« ■ « 

"A couple of weeks ago when it W * 

was hot, they were out there 
sunbathing in the nude. And they 
weren't just sunbathing. Use your 
imagination." said Ann, the widow 
from Florida. "There's just not IpM 
words to describe what goes on out 
there." H 


Klom Marches 
Past a Tragic 

Haynesville, Ala. 

A ragtag band of Ku Klux 
KJansmen marching to Montgom- 
ery for "white rights," crossed the 
spot yesterday where civil rights 
worker Viola Liuzzo was shot and 
killed by Klan nightriders 14 years 

The Klansmen's numbers grew 
slightly — to about 100 — on the 
second day of a 50-mile trek from 
Selma to Montgomery that re- 
cces the route taken by the late 
Martin Luther King Jr. and 
* rights marchers in 1965. 

- on the last day of the 

^ch that Liuzzo, a 

usewife, died in a 

d from a carload 

" Tt 5. 80. 

'70 s 


Sat., Aug. 11, 1979 

* §an ^Francisco ©jronide 3 

FBI Presses Huge 
Manhunt in Ohio 


The FBI, which suffered the 
worst day of violence in its 71-year 
history Thursday, yesterday 
pressed the largest manhunt ever 
in Ohio for the fugitive accused of 
killing one of the three slain 

The suspect, Melvin Bay Gu- 
yon, 19, eluded capture in the 
shooting death of special agent 
Johnnie L. Oliver by jumping 
through a window and fleeing on a 
stolen bicycle. 

Oliver, 35, married and the 
father of three children, was the 
first agent assigned to Cleveland to 
be killed in the line of duty. 

Authorities said federal agents 

and police numbering about 150 

were systematically checking more 

an 200 leads in Oliver's death 

> the search focusing on Cleve- 

East Side ghetto. 

irities said Oliver was 

' -ough the heart when 

°r agents attempted 

"»t. an East Side 


'y sought on 

r rant after 

o-area au- 

ipe and 

41' W irrpholo 

The suspected killer 

The other two FBI agents 
killed Thursday were shot to death 
in their El Centro office by a 
former social worker who then put 
a pistol in his mouth and commit 
ted suicide. 

James Maloney, 30, — who 
killed agents Charles W. Elmore, 
34, and J. Robert Porter, 44, — was 
-marently bent on suicide. He left 


sented it earlier this year at Canada's Na- 
tional Arts Centre. 

We are very proud to present the Canadi- 
an production of "Cendrillon." It gave us 
the opportunity not only to unveil a work 
that is new to American audiences, but also 
to promote a very special artistic coopera- 
tion between the capitals of two countries. 

Gary Fifield 

Managing Director 

The Washington Opera 

Washington, D.C 


As an ardent Dungeons & Dragons player 
(life/style, Sept. 24), I deeply resent 
your calling us "freaks." Our game may be 
a little different, but the players aren't 
"freaks." May an elfish wizard cast a minia- 
turization spell on your sales! 

John Hoffman 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

The group of people you described as meet- 
ing each Sunday in Austin, Texas, are not 
engaging in D&D combat practice, as you 
state. We are members of the Society for 
Creative Anachronism, a national body 
whose purpose is to learn about and re- 
create medieval times. We have nothing to 
do, officially or unofficially, with the game 
of D&D. A few of our members engage in 
D&D, but its play is usually not tolerated at 
society events — there are too many other 
things going on. In fact, many members of 
the society, myself included, detest the 
game and find it boring. 

Carol Shore 
Austin, Texas 


Your article "Is There Life After the Cos- 
mos?" (sports, Sept. 1 7) prompts me to say 
that as a lifelong baseball fan, I've now 
switched to soccer. I find baseball terribly 
slow and boring, while soccer gives the 
audience continuous action by athletes — 
not overpriced superstars of the diamond. 
John N. Slipkowsky 
North Andover, Mass. 


My thanks to Jack Kroll for his interesting 
and perceptive review of the current revival 
of "Peter Pan" (theater, Sept. 17). In 
stating that Peter's refusal to grow up may 
be a predicament as well as a blessing, Kroll 
acknowledges what many adults fail to 
realize: that childhood, for all its carefree, 
lighthearted moments, can be a dark and 
lonely world. It is to Sandy Duncan's credit 
that she can convey this to her audience in 
an otherwise whimsical play. 

Lily McGraw 
Auburn, Wash. 

I question Jack Kroll's memory in regard to 
Mary Martin's "Peter Pan." As a child of 8 
and later as a teen-ager, I have seen Mary 

86 Proof Blended Scotch Whisky ©1979 Paddington Corp., N.Y. 




Painting by Robert Giusti 

Sign your car 
and catch a car thief. 

Last year Americans bought twenty million automobiles, and 
stole one million more! 

Now paying for cars— and car insurance— is too hard to let 

The future is coming. And with it will come 
great benefits for mankind. And a whole new set of 
problems. Because we are a forest products com- 
pany, and plant seeds that take up to 50 years to 
become mature trees, Champion International has 
to think a lot about the future. We'd like to share 
some of the things we've learned with you — to help 
you make intelligent choices in the years to come. 
Here is something you might want to think about. 


In the future, incredibly 
expensive technology could 
enable a few people to 
live for 200 years or more. 

Who will be chosen? And, 
who will choose? 

If life-extension becomes a national prior- 
ity like the space program, if high- technology 
countries like America, Russia, Germany and 
Japan could work together, if there were a 
multi-billion-dollar, multi-discipline assault on 
aging and death, we could produce dramatic 
results within the foreseeable future. 

That's the opinion of many futurists and 
scientists. A cooperative program like this 
between nations could put such a dent in 
aging and death we might create a whole new 
world of healthy, hearty 'Methuselahs'. And it 
would probably cost no more than we are all 
now spending on maintaining our old-age 
homes and other geriatric institutions. 

Within the next few decades, a lifespan of 
100, 200, 400 years and up may become a part 
of Homo Sapiens' on-going evolutionary destiny. 

Right now, researchers are working on sev- 
eral approaches to longevity, which include: 

Transplantation, which might allow us to 
continue replacing organs until almost our 
entire bodies are new. 

Regeneration, a process by which deacti- 
vated genes are switched back on to renew cell 

The Prevention of Lipofuscin Build-Up. 
Lipofuscins are a form of destructive cellular 
garbage produced by the body, and are thought 
by many scientists to contribute to aging. 

Restricting Diet, which in the young, 
delays maturity and increases longevity; and 
in the middle-aged seems to rejuvenate the 
immune system. 

Prosthetics and Cyborgs, machine-human 

combinations of which the '$6,000,000 Man' is 
an almost credible preview. 

Lowering Body Temperature, which alone 
might add many years to human life. 

The future of life-extension is very promis- 
ing. To many scientists, there is no question 
that the problem of aging will be solved within 
the next few generations— even without an all- 
out program. 

That brings up two questions. If life-exten- 
sion becomes commonplace, what will we do 
with all those great-great-great-great-great- 
great-grandparents? Will they hold onto then- 
jobs forever? If they don't, who'll support them? 

On the other hand, what if the first tech- 
nology to prevent aging is incredibly expensive? 

Will that mean that only the wealthy will 
be able to turn back the clock, or that the 
government will select the future 'Methuselahs', 
based on its own criteria— intelligence, race, 
talent, or perhaps, even political affiliation? 

That is an untenable solution. But what 
are the alternatives? How can the people have 
a say in the matter? We all have a lot of things 
to think about. 

But if you'd like to do more than just think 
about it, if you'd like to be able to make 
intelligent choices for the future, write for more 
information to: 

Champion International Corporation, 
Box 10125, 1 Landmark Sq., Stamford, Ct. 06921. 

Looking into the future now may help you 
prevent future shock later. 

Champion, a forest products company 
with its roots planted firmly in the future. 

We are in the forest products business. We plant 

trees and harvest trees. We make wood and paper. And we 

make things out of wood and paper. 

Because we make our living from the forest, 

our success depends, in one way or another, on the future. 

These are our operating divisions that are 

planning for the future: 






Champion International Corporation 

Planting seeds for the future 

Filming had just ended on a hot sum- 
mer afternoon in the cardinal's palace 
in Krakow, Poland when the interviewee 
on religion under Communism looked 
up at the American correspondent and 
smiled broadly. "If this goes well," said 
Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, "I will expect 
a call from Hollywood." 

Last week a higher call came to the 
58-year-old churchman, and in the hush 
that fell over St. Peter's Square on the 
announcement of the name, his church 
and the world strained to hear its 
meaning. The youngest Holy Father in 
modern times, Cardinal Wojtyla had be- 
come the first non-Italian pope in more 
than four centuries, and the first ever 
from the "silent church," as Pope Paul 
called the faithful of the Soviet bloc. 
Never among the prominent papabili, 
Wojtyla was little known to most Cath- 
olics elsewhere, and his salient 
credential — an unyielding defense of 
the faith against an atheistic, totalitar- 
ian regime — was vaguely forbidding. 
Admitted a source on the State Depart- 
ment's Polish desk, "Nobody knows 
what to think yet." 

Yet as recollections of Poland's be- 
loved "worker cardinal" poured forth 
from around the world, the portrait 
of Pope John Paul II took on reassur- 
ingly human features: a smile to match 
even his fated predecessor's, set off 
by twinkling blue eyes and dimples; a 
hearty laugh and an infectious sense of 
humor; a compassionate, far-seeing 
gaze. "He loves to sing and has a beau- 
tiful voice," says Monsignor Zdzislaw 
Peszkowski of Orchard Lake, Mich., re- 
calling the cardinal's renditions of 
Home on the Range for American 
friends. He is also an expert skier who 
has mastered the slopes at Rieti near 
Rome. The new Pope walks some 
five miles a day, plays a fair game of 
tennis and, during his U.S. tour in 1976, 
rearranged his schedule in Orchard 
Lake for canoeing. "The day was very 
bad and the water was rough," Mon- 
signor Peszkowski remembers, "but he 
was fresh even after four hours. He is 
full of life." One Polish member of the 
'jria even foresees him jogging 
•ugh the Vatican gardens. 
1 Wojtyla's energetic spirit has al- 

TT at war with one oppressive 
pr another. As a young man 

d beside his father in the 
actory in his hometown of 
and he later trained as an 
^ the World War II Resis- 
ting in anti-Nazi plays, 
attend Krakow seminary 
lazis had driven it under- 

ground. Ordained in 1946, he was sent 
to Rome to study for his doctorate in 
philosophy. But by the time he returned 
to study for another doctorate, in the- 
ology, from Krakow University, the 
Communist crackdown on religion had 
begun in earnest. Wojtyla soon earned 
a reputation for courageous calm in 
carrying out his teaching assignments 
in the parishes of Krakow. 

Since those tumultuous years, Woj- 
tyla's life has been one of scholarly 
achievement (he has written several 
books on faith and morals, as well *•» d 
good deal of poetry) and artfu' pasto- 
ral politics. Made a bishop in 1958 
and an archbishop six years later, he 
was ^ievated to cardinal in 1967, part- 
ly in appreciation for his work on church 
reforms launched at the Second Vat- 
ican Council. He has served in several 
branches of the Vatican bureaucracy 
and is identified with the prevailing 
church positions on such volatile issues 
as married and female priests, birth 

"It is too early for a Polish pope," Wojtyla 
told a reporter just days before his star- 
tling election as John Paul II. 

control and abortion. "He's not an ex- 
tremist," says John Cardinal D^arden 
of Detroit, "but a very balanced man 
about such issues. He loo*s at the dif- 
ferent angles and doe* no* carr V fixed 
positions. - Indeed, *hlle roundly de- 
nouncing censor^, religious perse- 
cution and oppression, h has helped 
brjru7 *oout a detente between 
„nurch and state in Poland — a detente 
resulting in new churches, more free- 
dom of religious expression and what 
amounts to an ecclesiastical opposition 
party. "It is not the church's place to 
teach unbelievers," the new Pontiff 
once said. "Let us avoid any spirit 
of monopolizing and moralizing." His 
promise, then, is to bring to bear the 
lessons of his rigorous past to protect 
the church from without — and the cha- 
risma of the youthful actor and 
athlete to inspire it from within. □ 


Alone on her wedding night, the new Mrs. 
James Earl Ray recalls her remarkable court- 
ship. The wedding party (inset) consisted of, 
from left, the Rev. James Lawson, a 
onetime colleague of Martin Luther King who 
doubts Ray was King's killer; Ethan Sailing, 
the bride's brother; the bride; April Ferguson, 
aide to Ray's attorney, Mark Lane; matron of 
honor Barbara Murrell; and lawyer Lane. 

The wedding day, Friday the 13th, was 
bleak and rainy, and the setting — the 
visiting gallery at Tennessee's grim 
Brushy Mountain state prison — was an 
incongruous one for festivity. The 
groom, in a borrowed sportcoat, trem- 
bled visibly. Afterward the bride, free- 
lance artist Anna Sailing Sandhu, 31, 
celebrated with friends at a quiet res- 
taurant in Knoxville. Her new husband, 
James Earl Ray, 50, spent his wedding 
night in his cell, where he is serving a 
99-year sentence for the murder of Dr. 
Martin Luther King Jr. Why should 
Sandhu, an. educated (University of 
Tennessee), strong-willed divorcee, 
choose to link her future with that of a 
convicted assassin? Perhaps part of 
the answer may be found in her 
past. Years ago her father disinherited 
her after her marriage to an Indian stu- 
dent. "He told me I needn 't come 
home anymore, " recalls Sandhu. "The 
challenge seemed to turn me on. I felt 
I had enough strength to do anything I 
wanted. And I had something to prove. " 
Recently Sandhu spoke movingly of 
her new marriage with PEOPLE corre- 
spondent Joyce Leviton. 

How did you meet your husband? 

\ was doing the drawings for a TV in- 
terview jus! after James' escape trial in 
1977. The reporter was asking things 
ike "Are you intending to escape and, 
if so, wher*r- an d James and I were 
smiling at each ^ ther because the 
questions were so sW Later he sat 
down beside me. He hasthe most di- 
rect gaze of any man I've ever known. 
I've seen men look at me and turn th^ r 
eyes away, but James will look right 
into your eyes and won't flinch. The first 
thing he said to me was, "Do you know 
anything about Picasso?" 

What happened then ? 

Before the interview the reporter 
had bought a lot of copies of the book 
about James, Code Name Zorro. He 
threw them on the table in front of him 
and said, "Sign these. They're for your 
fans in the newsroom." James turned 



Photographs by Jay: Leviicm- Atlanta 


New Buffer 
late Expires 

jrs with Syria and Le- 
table. Israel says it is 

laintain that UNTSO 
men versus 4,000 in 
includes personnel 
Jnion, with which Is- 
ternational relations, 
;rs to the U.N. secre- 
the Security Council, 
icy Force, sent to the 
'<c of the 1973 Israeli- 
consists of contingents 
a, Canada, Finland, 
■sia, Poland and Swe- 

o the Security Council 

[dheim made no recom- 

at the mandate of the 

Ived. The Soviet Union 

Served notice that it 

r attempt to extend the 

ecause it does not rec- 

;raeli- Egyptian peace 

Hates and the Soviets, 
d privately on an en- 
he Truce Supervisory 
agreement that was 
day by Israel's refus- 
unit to be shifted into 

were reported to be 
/een Israel, Egypt, the 
and the United Nations 
er force impasse. Israel 
Ins of backing down. 

fli officials would prefer 

Israeli -U.S. force to po- 

e agreement and its se- 

i withdrawals, which are 

jntil the entire Sinai Pe- 

oeen returned to Egypt in 

experience with U.N. 

er areas has not been the 


lay, as Israeli forces were 
. in the Sinai, other Israeli 
' a raid across the border 
n to blow up a home that, 

Israel, was used as a hid- 

Palestine Liberation Or- 

ft of the search-and-de- 
h was the village of Maj- 
j miles from the border at 
theastern tip. Lebanese 
J Israeli troops searched 
{ PLO forces, found none, 
bme and withdrew with- 



Khomaini's Call 
Unheeded; Music 
Fills the Airwaves 

TEHRAN, Iran (^-Persian folk 
music, classical pieces and revolu- 
tionary themes were heard on Iranian 
radio stations Tuesday as broadcast- 
ers ignored a call by the Ayatollah 
Ruhollah Khomaini for a ban on mu- 
sic, which he described as an opiate. 

The director of the state radio said 
music would be banned only during 
the holy month of Ramadan, which 
begins Thursday. 

"For periods starting at the end of 
Ramadan, an appropriate decision 
will be made later on," Sadegh Ghot- 
bezadeh said, apparently avoiding a 
direct clash with Khomaini, the na- 
tion's austere 79-year-old religious 

Khomaini launched his attack on 
music in an address Sunday to em- 
ployes of a summer radio station in 
the shrine city of Qom. 

"Music should not be played over 
radio and television . . like opium, 
music also stupefies persons listening 
to it and makes their brain inactive 
and frivolous," the official Pars news 
agency quoted him Monday as saying. 

Khomaini accused the regime of 
the deposed Shah Mohammad Reza 
Pahlavi of "corrupting and degrad- 
ing" Iranian youth by permitting mu- 
sic to be broadcast over the nation's 

But songs of the revolution that 
toppled the shah's regime and other 
standard musical fare still were 
broadcast Tuesday on Iranian radio. 

Two Tehran teen-agers laughed 
when reporters asked their reaction 
to Khomaini's statement. "I don't care 
what state radio does, but in the pri- 
vacy of my home and in the company 
of my friends, we find music relaxing 
and inspiring," one of the teen-agers 

In other developments Tuesday: 

—Rebellious Kurdish forces cap- 
tured a state police headquarters near 
the town of Khvoy in northwestern 
Iran as fighting was reported else- 
where in the region between Kurds 
and government forces. 

—Two men were arrested, tried 
and executed within hours of being 
caught while trying to set off a bomb 
near pipelines leading to the Abadan 
oil refinery, the world's largest. Sa- 
boteurs believed to be ethnic Arabs 
pressing for autonomy damaged pipe- 
lines in the Persian Gulf region ear- 
lier this month. 



325 Ninth Street, San Francisco, California 94103 


Los Angeles Information: 

Association for Humanistic Psychology 






26 27 28 


29 30 31 1 2 3 


6:30-7:30 Morning Meditations (12) 


lference Instil 

utes (34) 


8:30-11:30 Theme Communities (13) 
Field Activities 



' C : £ : 

12:00 pm- 
8:00 pm 



1:00-3:00 Th 

3:30-5:30 C< 


uncheon Meei 

e Forum, Wor 

j, 23, 29) 



ings (33) 


rence Commu 

nities (36) 

Closing (32) 

Picnic (10) 










Films (10) 

Auction (33) 

8:30 11:00 
Concert (10) 





Films (11) 

"Numbers in parentheses refer to pages with additional information. 





This Printed Program 

Phone Numbers 

Getting to UCLA 


Housing, Meals and Parking 

Central Gathering Place 

Hospitality Area, Body and Soul Center 


Cultural and Recreational Facilities 

Children's Conference 




Saturday, 1:00-3:00 pm: Workshops, the Forum 

3:30-5:30 pm: Workshops, Conversations 

Sunday, 1:00-3:00 pm: Workshops, the Forum 

3:30-5:30 pm: Workshops, Conversations 

Monday, 1:00-3:00 pm: Workshops, the Forum, 

3:30-5:30 pm: Theme Communities Closing 


Paul Winter and the Winter Consort in concert with 

Al Chung-liang Huang 
Film Program 

A Gallery Show: Natalie Rogers 
Luncheon Meetings 
AHP Not-So-Silent Auction 



Friday: The Gathering 

Opening Plenary Session 

Saturday: Mini-Plenary Sessions 

Sunday: Not- So-Silent Auction 

Presidential Plenary Session 
Al Chung-liang Huang and 
Paul Winter Concert 

Monday: Dinner Picnic 

Mini-Plenary Sessions 
Music, Dance, Films 

Tuesday: Closing Plenary Session 



38 ADS 

50 MAPS 



Theme Communities 
Field Activities 


Children's Conference 
Annual Conference 



Rushing out of our hearts with purpose and vision 
Bursting into form — then formlessness 
Pausing to reflect, to collect, to renew 
Only to burst forward again 
Like bright experienced children 
With fresh creative energies 
New plans and new cohorts 
Keeping the focus without being attached to form 
Living the theme, not just talking about it 









.^ (0 

Jeanne Segal 
Robert Segal 
Jaelline Jaffe 
Carol Briseno 
Donald Leon 
Elaine Albaum 
Jerry Diamond 
Bruce Whizin 
Victor Herbert 
Ed Elkin 
Riley Smith 
Will McWhinney 
Tom Drucker 
Helen Janiger 
Jim King 
Daisy Spiegel 

We invite you to join 

David Franklin 
Golda Sirota 
Bluma Shuchatowitz 
Anita Goldstein 
Kitty McGlothin 
Dave Martin 
Betty Anne Field 
Alice Eldred 
Judy Gortikov 
Marilyn Murphy 
Olive Pemberton 
Nathalie Pretty man 
Steve Wolf 
Lynne Ericksson 


the challenge 

the beat 

the pulse of the conference 

the pulse of change 

2 Q> 
o » 




This Program provides a detailed description of the 
activities planned for AHP's 19th Annual Conference. Please 
bring it with you to UCLA. A Program Supplement, available 
at the on-site registration area, will specify the location of 
each activity, explain last-minute program changes, and 
provide a detailed map of meeting locations. 


UCLA Campus Activities Office: 213-825-8981, Royce Hall 
#310; UCLA Conference Housing: 213-825-5305, Rieber Hall; 
AHP Office, Staff and Volunteers: this number will be 
printed in the Program Supplement. 


By Car— From the airport take the San Diego Freeway I-405, 
northbound; exit and go east on Sunset Boulevard. For 
Rieber Hall, dormitory and residential suites, turn right at 
Bellagio (marked with an X on the map on page 51), bear 
right and go about 1/3 mile. For Ackerman/Royce, the 
registration area, take the next campus entry on the right 
(marked with a Y on the map) and ask for parking lot 5. 
By Taxi — Taxi will cost about $15, including tip from airport. 
Rates are $1.00 per mile plus $1.30 flag drop. 
By Limousine Bus— There is no scheduled service to 

Public Transportation from the Airport— Take Minibus 206, 
which runs in seven minute intervals, to the transfer point at 
98th and Vicksburg, just outside the airport. You must have 
exact fare, 85c, and ask for a transfer. Transfer to Bus 88, 
Eldridge and Kagel Canyon. There is an additional fare of 
30c, and you must have exact change. It takes 
approximately 30 minutes to get to Westwood/UCLA. Bus 
88 leaves approximately five minutes before each hour. The 
last 88 bus leaves the airport at 11:59 pm. 

If you choose to go first to Rieber Hall to check into the 
dormitory, disembark on Sunset Blvd. at Bellagio, after 
circling the campus. Rieber Hall is 1/3 mile south from the 
bus stop, about a ten-minute walk. On Friday and Saturday 
we expect to have a vehicle to meet each bus. 

If you choose to go first to Ackerman Hall to register, 
disembark at Westwood Blvd. and La Conte Avenue, 
marked Z on the map on page 51. Ackerman is about 1/2 mile 
north on Westwood Plaza. 

There is no transportation on campus between the dorm 
area and the major activity center at Ackerman. Walking 
briskly takes about ten minutes; 15 minutes at a leisurely 
pace. For those with ambulatory problems, a car can circle 
around to the edge of Dickson Plaza and can park there with 
the necessary permit. 

For detailed bus schedule information call Los Angeles- 
Southern California Rapid Transit District, 213-626-4455 or 
781-5890; or Santa Monica Municipal Bus Line, 213-451- 
5445. Bus 3 goes from the airport to UCLA via Santa Monica. 


On-site Registration Hours— 

Institutes: Wednesday, August 26, 8:00-10:00 am 
Thursday, August 27, 1 1 :00 am-1 :00 pm 
Friday, August 28, 8:00-9:00 am 
Conference: Friday, August 28, 12:00 noon-8:00 pm 
Late Registration: Ackerman Hall 

Post-Conference Communities: You may register anytime 
throughout the Conference in Ackerman Hall. Everone 
participating in a Post-Conference Community must have a 
name badge. 

On-site Registration Materials— When you register you get 
two important items; one is the Program Supplement. You 
will also get a name badge which serves a dual purpose. It 
helps other people remember your name and it serves as 
your pass to all Conference events. Monitors and UCLA staff 
are instructed to admit only people wearing a name badge. 
We ask that you wear your name badge at all times. 


Campus Housing— The deadline for reservation of campus 

housing is July 27, 1981. If you haven't preregistered for 

campus housing by that date, there will be no on-site 

registration. Direct all inquiries to UCLA, Conference Office, 

Rieber Hall, 310 De Neve Drive, Los Angeles 90024; 


Campus Housing Check-In— Those who have reserved 
campus parking will have received their parking permits 
with their room confirmation from UCLA. Bring your permit 
with you and go directly to the lot indicated on your parking 
permit. Refer to the campus map for location of lots. 
Check-in time for the Residential Halls/Suites is after 3:00 
pm. The front desk is open 24 hours. Check-out time is prior 
to 12:00 noon. 

Meals— Cafeteria-style meal service for breakfast and dinner 
is provided as part of the Conference package for those who 
have reserved campus housing. Dinner is the first meal 
served on the day of check-in. Breakfast is the last meal 
served on the day of check-out. Registrants are on their own 
for lunch. The Dinner Picnic on Monday is included with the 
Conference housing packages. Non-campus residents who 
wish to take part in the Dinner Picnic will need to purchase 
tickets on site. 

Royce Hall, UCLA 

entrance, sell campus parking permits on a daily basis 
subject to availability The charge is $2.00 per entry. Public 
parking is available in lots throughout Westwood Village. 
There are no facilities for RV units on or near the campus. 
Off-campus nearby street parking is severely limited and 
police patrolled. 

Central Gathering Place— Ackerman Hall, also known as the 
Student Union, will serve as our central Conference place. 
This is where you can find the Hospitality Area, Volunteer 
Office and the AHP Office. 



When you first arrive or at various times throughout the 
Conference, you may want a place to go where you can 
simply put up your feet, relax and talk informally with 
others. On Friday hosts from each of the Theme 
Communities will be in the Hospitality Area. They look 
forward to welcoming you to the Community and discussing 
your specific interests. Besides serving as a meeting place, 
the Hospitality Area will offer . . 

a message board AHP journal information atake-onedis- 
the book store AHP Membership play table 

a travel board information the Silent 


The Body and Soul Center, in close proximity to the 
Hospitality Area, can serve you in the following ways: 
recharge your energy through massage, Touch for Health, 
acupressure or reflexology; 

provide a space and equipment for people to exchange in- 
formation and skills relating to their work; 
offer information and demonstrations of atlernative self- 
help skills to individuals and small groups. 

Off-Campus Housing— For a guide to local accommoda- 
tions, contact the Los Angeles Convention Bureau, Visitor 
Inquiry Department, 505 South Flower, Los Angeles 90071; 

We have reserved a block of rooms at two nearby hotels. If 
you wish to make reservations at either, we suggest you do 
so early and that you mention you are with the AHP 
Conference, in order to receive the quoted rates. Both hotels 
are near the campus. Holiday Inn-Brentwood/Bel Air, 170 
North Church Lane, Los Angeles 90049; 213-476-6411. 
Special UCLA rates: single, $40; twin $45 plus 7Vi% tax. 
Block will be held until August 12. Transportation to UCLA 
is available. Bel Air Sands, 11461 Sunset Boulevard, Los 
Angeles 90049; 213-476-6571. Single, $60-65; double, $65-70 
plus 7Vi % tax. Includes complimentary limousine service to 
Westwood, Century City and Beverly Hills. The first night's 
deposit is due by July 26 for the room to be held. 

Non-Resident Parking— With the exception of hourly 
metered stalls, permits are required in all campus parking 
areas. If you have not reserved a parking permit, parking 
information stations, located at each major campus 

ludy Cortikov 

Patti Mettler-Whizin 

The Center is coordinated by Judy Cortilov and Patti 
Mettler-Whizin, Los Angeles health practitioners. 


A hallmark of AHP conferences is informality. Many 
activities include physical movement. UCLA campus is 
quite spread out, so bring comfortable walking shoes. Late 
summer is almost always sunny with daytime temperatures 
in the 80s, evening temperatures in the low 60s. 


Campus facilities include an olympic-size swimming pool, 
picnic grounds, tennis courts, the Museum of Cultural 
History, the Frederick Wright Art Gallery, and the Franklin 
Murphy Sculpture Gardens. 

The Children's Conference does not run during the Institutes, 
Post-Conference Communities or evenings. The hours: 
Saturday-Monday, August 29-31, 8:00 am-5:45 pm; Tuesday, 
September 1, 8:00 am-1:00 pm (noon-1:00 pm, Culminating 


Elysa Markowitz is the coordinator for the Children's 
Conference. This event is for children between the ages of 
five and 13 and will include a variety of activities, many of 
them in preparation for a culminating show on Tuesday 
from noon to 1 :00 pm for parents and other AHPers. 

The children will create musical instruments, sing songs, 
dance and build a set for the final production. In addition, 
there will be hikes, visits to places of interest on campus, 
quiet time, and a host of other things kids love. 

You can pre-register your child(ren) by completing the form 
on page 55. On-site check-in will be in the vicinity of 
Conference Registration. 

Franz Hall, UCLA 


Information about extra-fee daycare and childsitting will be 
available on site. 


You can register on site for college or continuing education 
credit. Look for signs at the Conference Registration table. 
The locations for the pre- or post-conference meetings will 
be announced in the Program Supplement. Credit is offered 
as follows. . . 

Psychologist— ten hours of Category A credit, approved by 
the Standards and Program Review Section of the California 
State Psychological Association's Continuing Education 
Committee. Fee: $20. Requirements: Full participation in 
the Conference and attendance at a concluding seminar on 
Tuesday, September 1, from noon to 1:00 pm. Participants 
will be asked to complete an evaluation and will receive a 
Verification of Attendance. 

Nurses— ten Continuing Education contact hours, approved 
by the California State Board of Registered Nursing, Provider 
Number 02548. Fee: $20. Requirements: Participation in the 
Theme Community "Health and Healing: Celebrating 
Wellness" and other events of the Conference, and 
attendance at a concluding seminar on Tuesday, September 
1, from noon to 1:00 pm. Participants will be asked to 
complete a Conference questionnaire and will receive a 
Certificate of Successful Completion. 

Other Professionals and Students— 

Five quarter or three semester units of graduate or 
under-graduate credit offered through the University for 
Humanistic Studies and the Profesional School for 
Humanistic Studies. Fee: $50. Requirements: full partici- 
pation in the Conference plus attendance at a pre- and 
post-conference meeting. The first meeting will be on 
Friday, August 28, from 5:00-7:00 pm, and the concluding 
meeting will be on Tuesday, September 1, from 11:30-1:30 

Pacific Oaks, a fully-accredited college, offers up to four 
units of graduate, under-graduate or continuing education 
credit. You can obtain one unit for two days of Institutes, 
two units for the Conference, and one unit for the Post-Con- 
ference Communities. Fee: $25 per unit. Requirements: 
People registering for credit will fully participate in the 
events selected and develop their own learning contract for 
an independent project. Projects are due one month after 
the Conference. A flyer with details will be avaiable at 
on-site registration, or for further information contact 
Jaelline Jaffe, instructor, at 213-851-3909. 


Friday, August 28 

7:00-8:30 pm 

THE GATHERING: Long Walker Dakota, a traditional Sioux teacher and chief of 

56 tribes, will lead an opening cedar ceremony to bring participants together. We 

approach this ceremony with respect and appreciation for the tradition it 


8:30-10:30 pm 


Jeanne Segal and Robert Segal, Conference Program Coordinators, will welcome 

people on behalf of the Los Angeles Planning Community. 

THE INVISIBLE CONSTITUENCY: George Leonard, AHP past -president, will 
provide an overview for the Conference. 

Saturday, August 29 



For several years, Michael Murphy and Jim Hickman have been exploring the research 
efforts in the Soviet Union that relate to concepts of human potential, and they have 
identified a remarkable symmetry between the Soviet and American interests in this 
field. They will describe possible avenues for Soviet-American collaboration and 
speculate on the implications of such collaboration for international relations. Michael 
Murphy is co-founder of Esalen Institute, author, and Director of the Transformation 
Project, a research endeavor to document the human capacity for supernormal 
functioning. Jim Hickman is a psychologist who specializes in the investigation of 
extraordinary human capacities. He is Director of the Esalen Institute Soviet-American 
Exchange Program, an endeavor to encourage dialogue among Soviet and American 
scientists who are exploring human potentials. 


Journey through the new landscape of health care, with particular focus on how 
environments such as the family, the community and the workplace, can promote 
health. Visits will be made to a model corporate wellness program, a training center for 
new health professionals, a family-based health clinic, a hospital program for people 
with life-threatening illness, and the California State Wellness Assurance Program. 
Dennis Jaffe, a faculty member of the UCLA School of Medicine, is Director of Learning 
for Health, a psychosomatic medicine clinic. He is author of several books, including 
Healing from Within. Rick Ingrasci is Health Director of Interface, health editor of New 
Age Magazine, and one of the founders of Whole Health Associates, an innovative 
holistic health center in Watertown, Massachusetts. 



/. N Michael 
/• *&1 ; Murphy 


I Rick 

Saturday events continued 


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j//e Rogers 

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Fred Massarik 

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Anna W/se & /ym MacRitchie 

Bill Bridges 


Numbers of alternative models for the future are currently being offered for 
speculation, ranging from post-industrial society to transformational Utopias. We will 
explore what the feminine perspective brings to these speculations; review various 
models; include personal reflections, intuitions, hopes and fears; and share from 
interviews and talks with women around the world. Audience participation and insights 
will be welcomed. Natalie Rogers is a psychotherapist, group facilitator and author of 
Emerging Woman: A Decade of Mid-Life Transitions. She is on the staff of the Person- 
Centered Approach training programs in Italy, Switzerland, Sweden, and co-created a 
yearly cross-cultural communication workshop in Germany. Patricia Mische is editor of 
Global Education Associate's The Whole Earth Papers and author of the forthcoming 
book, Women, Power and Alternative World Futures. Elizabeth Campbell is Executive 
Officer of AHP and a futurist, whose interest lies in developing collaborative models 
appropriate for global interdependence. 


We need more than ever a participatory society in which persons of all lifestyles 
believe that they matter, instead of the escapist culture which absorbs millions into 
irrelevance. It comes down to moving from a wasteful, privately oriented, self- 
indulgent existence to a more conserving, caring and disciplined lifestyle. Tom 
Hayden, a 1960s antiwar activist, now chairs the California Campaign for Economic 
Democracy, a citizens movement that seeks to work within the Democratic Paity. His 
latest book is The American Future. 


past-presidents and others 

10:00 pm-midnight 

DANCERAMA: Natural dance and music help create an experience and atmosphere 
which contains elements of a group ritual, discoteque, party and celebration. It 
develops fun and a sense of our common bond, through a familiar and popular 
form— The Big Dance. Jym MacRitchie and Anna Wise are from the Natural Dance 
Workshop in London and have presented this event at the British, Italian and European 
AHP Conferences. David Miles and Martine Algiers. 

10:00-11 :40 pm 

FILMS (see page 33 for details about the film program) 

Sunday, August 30 

Larcombe Doyle 

7:30-8:30 pm 

A NOT-SO-SILENT AUCTION: A rollicking occasion to bid on goods and services 

that you'll treasure yourself or love to give to others. All proceeds go to AHP. 

8:30-11 :30 pm, THE PASSAGE 

PRESIDENTIAL PLENARY SESSION with outgoing President Bill Bridges and 
incoming President Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle, followed by A SPECIAL 
CONCERT featuring Al Chung-liang Huang and Paul Winter 


Monday, August 31 

6:00-8:00 pm 

DINNER PICNIC: Staged in the large outdoor area of the spacious recreational 
facilities, the picnic will be enhanced with minstrels, entertainments and 
miscellaneous treats. Bring your musical instrument. 


Monday events continued 


PETER ALSOP CONCERT: Peter Alsop is a nationally known singer-songwriter who has 
been described as a "humanitarian humorist". He has produced and recorded four solo 
record albums and is included on three anthology records, one of which is a widely 
acclaimed children's album, Silly Songs and Modern Lullabies. 

THE DIVINE ANDROGYNE: A dance-dramatization of the archetype of the androgyne. 
The story of the male principle, the female principle, the ego resistance that keeps 
them apart and the nature spirit that brings them together again. Anand Veereshwar is 
Director of Bodhisattva Arts, a production company dedicated to entertainment as a 
transformational experience. 

A LAUGH A THON - liana Rubenfeld and Harold Greenwald 

An evening doing what only our species can do— laugh. Humanistic humor; use of 
humor in therapy. Bring jokes and funny stories to share. 


Human suffering and the problems of our civilization can be viewed as symptomatic of 
our collective state of mind. From a transpersonal perspective we all share the 
responsibility for the well-being of our planet. We will explore the interface of 
transpersonal growth and service in the world, and the ways in which changing 
personal values and actions contribute to global change. Frances Vaughan is a 
professor at the California Institute of Transpersonal Psychology, a psychotherapist in 
private practice, author of Awakening Intuition, and co-editor with Roger Walsh of 
Beyond Ego: Transpersonal Dimensions in Psychology. Roger Walsh is on the faculty of 
the Psychiatry Department of the University of California Medical School at Irvine. 


An evening of song and story to "tune-in" to the changes we are making and the 
changes that are making us. Rabbi David Zeller is a storyteller, singer and professor at 
the California Institute of Transpersonal Psychology. He founded the Network of 
Conscious Judaism and has produced two tapes of his chanting. 

COLD STORAGE: A two-character comedy/drama, originally performed on Broadway, 
takes place in a metropolitan hospital and examines the life force within the context of 
dying. David Ralphe is Artistic Director of the Hedgerow Theatre and Executive 
Director of the Los Angeles Theatre Alliance. 

10:30-11 :00 pm 



WAKE UP TOGETHER AND SING: An old-fashioned relationship revival with singing 

and dancing— Donna David-I.anger, Stu Langerand Warren Lyons 

10:30-11 :40 pm 

FILMS (see page 33 for details about the film program) 

Tuesday, September 1 

9:00-11:30 am, THE CLOSING 

CONSPIRACY FOR A NEW WORLD: Two pioneers in analyzing trends will share 
their insights and visions for a new world. Marilyn Ferguson is editor of 
Brain/Mind Bulletin and author of The Aquarian Conspiracy. John Naisbitt is 
Senior Vice-president of Yankelovich, Skelly and White, and publisher of 
The Trend Report 

CLOSING CELEBRATION: Al Chung- Hang Huang will lead a closing celebration 
with the help of a lot of AHP friends. 

Peter Alsop 


David Zeller 


Al Chung- 
Hang Huang 




Saturday, August 29 —6:30-7:30 am 


Kundalini Yoga is the root yoga out of which the many 
systems of yoga have sprung, thus the most powerful. It 
incorporates techniques of hatha (postures), pranayama 
(breathing), laya (sound current), raja (meditation) and 
bhakti (devotion). Wear loose, comfortable clothing, and 
bring a yoga mat, towel or blanket. 3HO Foundation 


We will cover pertinent exercises, in addition to yoga, 
acupressure and diet. Come prepared to have fun. Michael 

Blair is a podiatrist and member in several running and 
orthopedic societies. 


The Form is the universal principle of balance as applied to 
the human being, a meditation in movement. This 
presentation will include a slide show defining the 
relationship of all parts of the skeleton as the human being 
moves three dimensionally in space, a demonstration of the 
discipline of the Form, a master class. Michael Nebadon is 
Director and Grant Ramey is Educational Director of the 
Center of the Form in Santa Monica, California. 

Sunday, August 30 — 6:30-7:30 am 


Since antiquity the Chinese have recognized the unity of 
body, mind and spirit. T'ai chi chuan is a method of creating 
inner harmony and balance through movement. Come 
replenish your energy. A team of professionally trained 
instructors will demonstrate, explain and conduct this class. 


Arica psychocalisthenics is a sequence of 26 physical 
exercises designed to restore and maintain the body's 
natural condition of flexibility, strength and vitality. 
Requiring only 30 minutes each day, psychocalisthenics 

conditions all the muscle groups of the body. Each exercise 
is accompanied by a specific breathing pattern and 
coordinated with specially composed music. West Coast 
Exercise Company is a Los Angeles-based group of certified 
Arica instructors, specializing in psychocalisthenics. 


Join with fellow participants in a liturgical experience 
designed to emphasize conscious participation in the 
evolutionary process. Raymond Hock is a Professor of 
Education and Philosophy, teaching courses on Teilhard and 
Buber and their implications for the future. 

Monday, August 31 —6:30-7:30 am 


Chuu-shin is a holistic exercise system, which incorporates 
martial arts energy theory with a stretching and breathing 
program, designed to relieve tension and fatigue. Using a six 
foot staff or "bo" as a centering point, ultimate flexibility of 
mind and body occur. Effective relief from lower back pain 
and other problem areas also can result. Cary Tagawa 
developed chuu-shin out of his ten years of physical training 
and participation in the martial arts. 



Dance integrates emotional expression with the physical 
and spiritual aspects of being. Moving "wholely" from a 
centered place in ourselves is a healing and joyful 
experience. Regardless of your movement proficiency, this 
experience will help you move through life with more 
freedom and ease. Jayne Dundes is a choreographer, 
director and dance instructor. 



This program will use processes developed from Martin 
Buber's interpretation of Hassidism and geared to put you in 
charge of and take responsibility for your ego, mind and 
body. Chanting and breathing exercises are used in 

conjunction with this meditation. The objective of this 
approach is for participants to realize that we are what we 
do and not what we theorize we would like to be. Charles 
Roth is Executive Editor and Vice-president of the Jewish 
Post newspapers and formulator of Buber meditation. 

Tuesday, September 1 —6:30-7:30 am 


Aikido will be presented with several exercises that 
demonstrate aikido's principles of harmonious energy 
shared between two people. The format is one of self 
defense; hence all of the techniques of aikido develop the 
participant's intuition for solving conflict situations with 
benevolent and spontaneous action, leaving both persons 
free of harm. Megan Reisel holds a black belt in aikido and 
over the past six years has studied with masters in New York 
City, Washington and Tokyo. 


This workshop will include demonstrations of Kum Nye and 
an explanation of what part of the body a specific posture 
will release. The participants will then experience the 
posture for themselves and will be helped individually. Each 
posture will be followed by a short period of relaxation and 
meditation. Wear loose clothing and bring a pillow, if 
possible. Linda Lacy studied Kum Nye Relaxation at the 
Nyingma Institute in Berkeley, California. 

8:30-11:30 am 

Nine Theme Communities will meet every morning to 
explore specific areas of interest. The Communities are to 
provide a home base for daily contact in a supportive 
environment and a forum for the process of community. 
Intended outcomes: 

• experiences of community with all of its challenges and 

• resources, skills and inspirations to bring back to your 
own life and community; and 

• an opportunity to share information and skills. 


Each Community will be unique, developing its own style 
and climate depending on the topic, resource people and 
you, the participants. We encourage you to select a 
Community based on your primary interest and stay with it 
for a full experience of bonding and learning. Please don't 

THE MARKET PLACE is a forum where both the listed 
resource people and Community participants can share 
their interests, skills and expertise. It works like this. The 
facilitator opens the floor to identify offerings, assess 

interests, and then assigns rooms. Participants subdivide 
and meet according to interest. The market place allows 
undiscovered resource persons to emerge and share, 
creating a process that is flexible and responsive to 
community interests and needs. 

The nine Theme Communities are named and described 
below. Some of the people who will take an active role in 
facilitating or resourcing the group are also named. Due to 
the dynamic nature of the Communities, however, some key 
people's names may not appear. We offer hearty thanks to 
everyone who has contributed to the development and 
success of the Theme Communities. 



Humanizing Our World of Work. We will examine the 
quality of our personal work experience in order to clarify 
our desires and revitalize our jobs and lives. We will explore 
ways to create more humanistic work environments and to 
remedy work-related problems for ourselves and others, 
building post-conference support systems and networks for 
making our life work, and making our work— life. 

Warren Bennis— business philosopher, educator 

Carol Briseno — consultant, facilitator 

Tom Drucker— clinical and organizational psychologist 
Roger Gould— career consultant, author of Transfor- 

Will McWhinney— co-creator of Open Systems Planning, 
Adelle Scheele— consultant, author of Skills for Success 
Leni Schwartz— environmental psychologist, author of 
The World of the Unborn; Nurturing Your Child Before Birth 


Beyond Personal Quest: Spiritual and Transpersonal 
Community. We will explore meditation and other 
metaphysical teachings and abilities, such as clairvoyance, 
materialization, trance-medium channeling and other 
macro powers, revealing personal intent and purpose in 
transcending the mundane. The intent of our meditations 
will be to join, to merge, to bond and to transcend to higher 
consciousness as a community. 

Helen-Elaine Janiger— writer, poet, teacher, healer 

Donald Leon— attorney, psychologist, medium and 

Frances Vaughan— psychologist, author of Awakening 

Roger Walsh— co-editor of Beyond Ego, editor of 
journal of Transpersonal Psychology 

Bruce blue cloud Whizin— therapist, teacher, visionary, 

David Zeller— Rabbi, storyteller, transpersonal educator 

Lifestyles and Intimate Relationships. This Community 
will explore alternative lifestyles, relationships and 
expressions of loving intimacy. How can women and men 
nourish, support and learn from each other? What is 
intimacy and how can it be fostered? What are the issues 
involved in singlehood, celibacy, monogamy, open 
marriage, group marriage, bisexuality and homosexuality? 

Paul Bindrim — Director of Bindrim Institute, psycho- 

Ed Elkin— founder of transpersonal gestalt, faculty mem- 
ber of University for Humanistic Studies 

Betty Anne Field— group leader, surrogate partner 
Niela Horn — staff member at Associates for Human Re- 
sources, consultant 

Herbert Otto— founder of Institute for Exploration of 
Human Potential, author 
Arline Rubin— Associate Professor, Brooklyn College 
Riley Smith — therapist, co-author of How to Be a Couple 
and Still Be Free 

Tina Tessina— therapist, trainer, co-author of HowtoBea 
Couple and Still Be Free 


Health and Healing: Celebrating Wellness. What does it 
mean to be really well? What are the roles that stress, 
nutrition, sexuality, creativity, spirituality and relationships 
play in the development of wellness? We will explore 
Eastern and Western approaches with particular attention to 
the healing power of caring people and group energy. 

David Bressler— established Pain Center at UCLA, 
educator in holistic health 

'Rosalyn Bruyere— founder and Director of the Healing 

Light Center 

Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle— facilitator, therapist, in- 
coming President of AHP 
David Franklin— healer, body therapist, social worker 
Dennis Jaffe— educator, author of Healing from Within 
Evarts Loomis— founder of Meadowlark, a holistic health 
Golda Si rota— artist, teacher, healer, group leader 
Daisy Elizabeth Spiegel — holistic health counselor 


Creating a Civilization that Works. What we have learned 
about changing ourselves may well be useful in changing 
our world— shifting from problem orientation to solution 
orientation. This Community, which will focus on key 
social, political, economic, cultural, religious and technol- 
ogical realities, is for people who choose to put themselves 
on the line to realize their visions of the possible. 

Thea Alexander— author of 2750 A. D. 

jean Haskell Feinberg— manager, teacher, groupfacilitator 

Linda Groff— coordinator, Future Policies Studies Pro- 

gram; President, Los Angeles World Future Society 
Jim King— engineer, logician, facilitator, Buddhist, student 

of metaphysics 
Andy Lipkis— founder and Director of the Tree People 
Richard Michaels— director of TV movies, winner of 

Christopher Award for work affirming the human spirit. 
Marcia Seligson— author, The Eternal Bliss Machine and 

Jeremy Tarcher— publisher of Aquarian Conspiracy and 



Intentional Communities in the 1980s. If you have already 
lived in community or are thinking about it, we invite you to 

be with us to learn what seems to work and not work in 
community life, to explore several exciting new possibilities 


for urban and rural communities, to share an actual 
experience of community, and to establish a post-confer- 
ence support group. 

Jerry Diamond— entrepreneur, producer 

Alice Eldred— teacher/specialist in shared living work- 

Victor Herbert— ex-film/theater producer in Paris 

Ken Keyes, jr.— founder of Cornucopia, author of 
Handbook to Higher Consciousness 

David South— explorer, visitor of communities throughout 
Europe and the United States 

Representatives from the Society of Emissaries, a 
community founded in British Columbia in the 30s, and 
from Kerista Village, a San Francisco community. 


New Ways of Learning. New approaches to learning 
emphasize education as a partnership between teacher and 
student and as a process of creative interaction. This 
Community will explore many of the recent developments 
in brain-mind research and their applications to lifelong 
learning and New Age education. We will sample imagery/ 
visualization, accelerated learning, multi-modal and multi- 
sensory activities, and intuitive and creative processes; will 
envision ways to humanize education, enhance self-image, 
expand our concept of the learner/teacher relationship; and 
will examine parenting practices. 

Diane Battling— academic advisor for International Col- 
lege, futurist 

Russell Bishop— Vice-president and Director of Training 
for Insight Training seminars 

Jack Canfield— Director of Educational Services of Insight 

Training seminars; author, 700 Ways to Enhance 

Self-Concept in the Classroom 
Marilyn Fiedler— founder and Director of Walden School 
Beverly Galyean— confluent education consultant for Los 

Angeles schools 
Jaelline Jaffe— therapist, educator, psychomotor specialist 
Judith Larkin— Dean, School of Consciousness at the 

University for Humanistic Studies 
George Leonard— author, educator, black belt aikidoist 
Judy Leventhal— teacher, artist, therapist 
Maureen Murdock— educational consultant, counselor 
Michael Ossorio— parent, early childhood and special 

education teacher 
Olive Pemberton— therapist, consultant to the Los 

Angeles schools 
Ed Rockey— Professor of Behavioral Science 


Play, Movement and Sports: New Forms of Re-creation. 

Our theme is "Come play with us". This Community allows 
us as adults to pursue the wonderful, uninhibited 
playfulness of the child. We will use movement, dance, 
music, drama, art, play and new games where there are NO 
losers, only winners. Our Community will provide a safe and 
trusting environment where no one asks you to "grow up" 
and "settle down". 
Paul Abel— facilitator, holistic practitioner, singer 
Lucia Capacchione— author of The Creative lournal 

Lillian Freeman— psychotherapist who brings together 
play, creativity and movement 

Tim Gallwey— author of The Inner Game of Tennis, 
teacher of other inner games such as skiing and golf 

Joe and Darri Heller— originators of the Body of 
Knowledge in San Francisco 

Violet Oaklander— Director of the Center for Child and 
Adolescent Therapy, author of Windows to Our Children 

Gabrielle Roth— creator of the Moving Center method of 


The Ninth Community. Nine is the number of power. In 
this Community members will have the opportunity to 
experience their personal power as we create a unique 
community where we will bring our own needs and 
interests, skills and talents, struggles and concerns. Within 
the group we will discover resources to meet these needs, 
develop those interests, utilize those strengths; to deepen 

understanding; to experience creativity, excitement, 
connection, accomplishment and joy. 

Barbara Biggs— psychotherapist, consultant, photo- 
grapher, devotee of t'ai chi 

Will Schutz— author of Joy and Profound Simplicity, in- 
structor at Antioch University West 

8:30-11 :30 am 

People involved in AHP Field Activities will come together 
as their own community. This will be an opportunity to 
review goals and priorities, discuss successes and 
frustrations of the past year, and envision and plan for the 
year ahead. We will continue to strengthen the support 

network among Field Activities people; explore assumptions 
and expectations about the relationship between area 
chapters and AHP International; and identify additional 
ways to learn from, nourish and care for one another. 



Saturday, August 29 

1:00-3:00 pm 

FORUM -1:00-3:00 pm 


Panels of gifted social theorists and past and present 
leaders of AHP will discuss issues at the intellectual 
core of AHP's existence and future during three 
afternoons. Co-coveners: Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle 
and Nora Weckler. 


We will be contrasting the transformation para- 
digm with perspectives from holistic politics and 
transpersonal thought. Walt Anderson, Frances 
Vaughan, Roger Walsh, Marilyn Ferguson (on tape), 
Bob Philleo, Frank Reissman, Charles Hampden-Tur- 
ner, Fred Massarik. Moderated by Jacqueline Lar- 
combe Doyle. 

WORKSHOPS - 1:00-3:00 pm 

president of AHP, author of The Broken Image, and 
co-author of The Human Connection. 



Feeling, thinking, talking and listening like sisters, we 
will build a model of a women's leaderless support 
group and implement it by dividing into groups and 
experiencing small islands of sisterhood. Exploring 
the strictly-female reality together is a way to 
balance the yin-yang warp in a sexually-biased 
culture. Carolyn Crane is a writer, feminists' 
facilitator and zealot, who wants women to have 
equal economic and emotional advantages and 


This workshop is a guide to help you understand 
exactly what happens when you risk yourself. 
Participants struggling with life changes or major 
decisions will have the opportunity of understanding 
the nature of risking in general and of their own risks 
in particular. Neil Rosenthal is a therapist in private 
practice, a teacher of psychology, and President of 
the Colorado AHP Chapter. 


Come to this workshop if you wish to enhance your 
ability to relate intimately to individuals or groups 
while staying centered. Be prepared to take some 

high risks in a strongly supportive atmosphere. Leave 
with a greater sense of inner freedom to create the 
kinds of interactions you want, along with increased 
skills for doing so. Niela Horn is on the faculty of 
AHR/Beacon College and the Gestalt Institute of 
New England, where she teaches, trains, does therapy 
and works as an organization consultant. 


Hello out there! Can you risk laughing, being silly, 
lovable? Then, come with your children, and the 
"child" in you. We'll bring our toys and games. Susan 
Ziemer is a RN invested in promoting holistic health 
to the helping professions. She teaches New Games 
at the University of Southern California Institute in 
Idyllwild. Danny Ziemer, 11-year-old son of Susan, 
has studied New Games and assisted in workshops at 
Elysium Fields Institute. 

"Me"-ssage is a simple, natural method leading to 
release of habitual muscular tensions, revitalizing 
and improving body functions. It is designed to 
reunite our whole self, mobilizing our own effective 
resources in self care and nurturing. Judy Unell is the 
originator of "me"-ssage and t'ai chi massage. She 
has a private neo-Reichian and somatic retraining 
practice in Los Angeles. 


This new social invention makes it easy and fun to 
sift through large numbers of people, to quickly 


discover "your kind"— potential friends as well as 
romantic partners— and to make arrangements to see 
them again. You will be provided the opportunity to 
get energized, increase your good feelings and 
practice new meeting skills. Methods will be 
explained and demonstrated. Emily Coleman is a 
behavioral scientist, author of three books on 
relationships, and co-founder of the Man-Woman 
Institute. Keith Tombrink, psychologist and co- 
founder of the Man-Woman Institute, conducts 
programs to improve relationships between men and 
women and to help singles live richer lives. 


Recent research suggests that there are six distinct 
views of the concept of man-woman love. These 
lovestyles— friendship, giving, possessive, practical, 
game-playing, and erotic— will be discussed and 
participants will explore the extent to which they 
identify with each concept. Martin Rosenman is a 
Professor of Psychology at Morehouse College; a 
practicing clinical psychologist, specializing in man- 
woman relationships; and author of Loving Styles: A 
Guide for Increasing Intimacy. 


The audience will discuss typical problems of 
intentional communities, including charismatic 
leadership, sexual jealousy, conformity, orthodoxy 
and cultism. The session will open with the film 
"Kerista Village— An Alternative Family," a docu- 
mentary of this community's personal interactions 
and group marriage. David Schonbrunn is a film 
editor with 12 years of experience in spiritual 
communities, meditation and inner growth. Maurice 
Solkov has been a filmmaker for 16 years, was 
President of the Berkeley Film Institute, and won an 
award at the John Muir Medical Film Festival. 


The presenters will share a view about intimacy and 
freedom and a method of problem-solving between 
equals where no one has to compromise. This 
material is equally useful for couples and single 
people, gay or straight. Tina Tessina and Riley Smith 
are therapists in private practice in Los Angeles. Both 
are licensed marriage and family counselors and 
co-authors of How to be a Couple and Still Be Free. 


The A*L*L GameTM is a tool for personal trans- 
formation. This workshop will be held in a small 
group around a game board and is intended to 
quickly pinpoint and clarify personal issues. It 
incorporates methods of releasing human potential 
in an atmosphere of serious playfulness or playful 
seriousness. Christi Anna Davidson is creator and 
President of A*L*L Education, Inc. She is trained as a 
lawyer, social worker, gestaltand crisis counselor. 


This workshop will present a problem-solving 
approach to coping with change in our daily lives. 
The audience is requested to bring a real life "change 
situation" to work with in the group. The format will 
be experiential; questions, answers and tools will be 
given. Cherie Carter-Scott founded Motivation 

Management Services in 1974. She has a television 
show "Inner-View" where prominent people share 
ideas from a variety of fields. Lynn Stewart has served 
as President of MMS and is presently known as the 
Central States Regional Manager in Aspen, Colorado. 


L.E.T.: Life (Logotherapy)-Effectiveness-Training 

The objectives of this workshop are to enable 
participants to add the methods of logotherapy to 
their own approaches, through familiarization with 
and experiential exposure to the humanistic 
philosophy and the applications of logotherapy 
(therapy through meaning-orientation). Mignon 
Eisenberg studied logotherapy with Professor Viktor 
Frankl and has applied it extensively with groups and 


Creative movement integrates the affective and the 
cognitive to help children learn in a more holistic 
way. In a loving and supportive environment, 
creative movement can be the medium through 
which children can develop on all levels, where both 
children and their teachers can find their own 
uniqueness, their own genius, their own dance. There 
will be practical examples and experiences of how 
creative movement can be used. Teresa Bender 
Benzwie is a dancer and kindergarten teacher, who 
has worked extensively with different populations in 
the helping professions using creative movement as a 
humanistic approach to teaching. 


This workshop is designed to assist people in 
becoming more aware of themselves as speakers and 
learn skills that can reduce fear of public speaking, as 
well as assisting them in becoming more powerful 
and dynamic speakers. Anita Conroy is a psycho- 
therapist who teaches public speaking skills; gives 
worRihops, seminars and lectures; and works with 
people individually in the expressive areas. 


This workshop will provide participants with a 
specific small-group value clarification activity/tool 
for use in their own professional environment. This 
workshop will include a brief background discussion, 
experience with the activity, and a method for 
extending the activity learnings into long-range 
personal value commitment and change. Richard 
Rogers is a college teacher, specializing in 
interpersonal communication with 12 years of 
experience in the use of classroom and workshop 
presentations for personal growth. 


This workshop will present biofeedback and other 
procedures for treatment of stress and stress 
disorders. Use of EMG, GSR and temperature units to 
develop a psychophysiological stress profile will be 
demonstrated. Also included will be a demonstration 
of a variety of techniques, discussion of their use in 

1:00-3:00 pm 


1:00-3:00 pm 

stress management, and their advantages and dis- 
advantages. Marjorie Toomin, psychologist, is Dir- 
ector of the Biofeedback Institute of Los Angeles. 
Sandra Thomson, psychologist, is Director of 
Training, and Pamela Pine is Assistant Director of 
Training at the Institute. Joan Reighley is a nurse 


In this workshop you will receive information on 
current brain-mind research as it applies to 
intelligence and learning. Strategies for expanding 
intelligence through affective, intuitive, multi- 
sensory and kinesthetic/imagery modalities of 
learning will be presented. Slides and visuals of 
exemplary student work accomplished in three 
federally-funded research projects in confluence 
education will be shown, and participants will 
experience several of the learning strategies derived 
from brain-mind research and discovered highly 
effective agents of increasing intellectual abilities. 
Beverly Galyean is a teacher, counselor, education 
researcher and author of Language from Within and 
Art and Fantasy. 



Theory and clinical uses for Open Focus, a series of 
attention training exercises, will be experienced and 
discussed. The attentional flexibility associated with 
Open Focus develops awareness concomitantly with 
physiological relaxation. Flexible attentional strate- 
gies permit optimization of function in a variety of 
circumstances. Les Fehmi is a psychologist in private 
biofeedback practice and originator of Open Focus 

STAR + GATE SYMBOLIC SYSTEM (double session; 
see Saturday, 3:30-5:30 pm) 

Each participant will have the opportunity to use this 
workshop to explore a topic of personal interest. 
Emphasized is how this process combines rational 
and intuitive processes to tackle situations in 
everyday reality. Applications in decision-making 
and problem-solving are demonstrated as well as in 
exploring relationships and delving into the inner 
self. Richard Geer created the Star + Gate system and 
has developed it over a 12-year period. 


The human psyche is always in movement and 
creative flux. Learning how to move with, against or 
around our physical, mental and spiritual energy 
increases creativity and satisfaction. In our dreams 
we have the opportunity to be creators and to 
become created. The principles of movement 
therapy are straight-forward and easy to apply to our 
waking and sleeping lives. Valerie Meluskey is a 
movement/dance and drama therapist and certified 
practitioner of Neuro-Linguistic Programming, whose 
special area of work for ten years has been creative 
and lucid dream psychology. 


In this workshop we will explore how to combine 

yoga postures and breathing with the use of 
acupressure point stimulation. Emphasis will be on 
techniques for stress reduction, relief of common 
psychosomatic ailments and emotional balancing. 
Michael Reed Gach is Director of the Acupressure 
Workshop in Berkeley, California, and author of the 
self-treatment book Acu-Yoga. 


Deep within each of us is a personal mythology 
which shapes the way we look at the world and exerts 
a powerful influence over our lives. This workshop 
will introduce personal mythology as a useful way of 
viewing and working with personality development. 
There will be exercises demonstrating this concept 
and its uses. David Feinstein is a senior clinical 
psychologist with San Diego County Mental Health 
Services and is co-authoring with Stanley Krippner a 
book on personal mythology. 


Integration of body, mind and spirit requires full 
consciousness of the functioning of our bodies and 
its relationship to emotions and spiritual develop- 
ment. This workshop will illustrate how breathing 
and psychoparestalsis are related to stress and 
conflict and how we can consciously change them so 
they bring us into harrrtony and inner peace. Daisy 
Spiegel has a private holistic practice with the intent 
to help individuals to touch into their essential 


This dialogue will concern itself with a brief overview 
of the nature of transpersonal psychology and the 
study of levels of consciousness which can be used 
directly in personal development, education and 
psychotherapy. Participants will be invited to share 
their own experiences with this perspective. 
Selections from such specific approaches as 
meditation, imagery, sensory reduction, or stimu- 
lation and mystical ecstatic experience will be 
presented and employed to provide direct experience 
in changing and identifying levels of consciousness. 
Carmi Harari is a psychologist, psychoanalyst, 
educator, trainer, consultant and Executive Director 
of Humanistic Psychology Center of New York. Mike 
Arons is a pioneer in humanistic psychology 
education and chair of the Psychology Department 
of West Georgia College, Carrol Iton, Georgia. 



The purpose of this workshop is to provide 
information and a forum for discussing the 
relationships of prayer and meditation, peace and 
nonviolence, seen from psychological, spiritual and 
political perspectives. The purpose is to briefly 
explore the related personal, spiritual and political 
dynamics of peace. Alan Nelson is a therapist, 
facilitator and Director of the Peace Project. 



This workshop will be a discussion of ways to help 
Southeast Asian refugees adjust to our alien land. We 
will talk about specific aspects of Asian cultures and 
United States life which make the transition difficult, 
of social and psychological pressures on immigrants 
and citizens with whom they come in contact, and of 
concrete ways to discover and deal with refugee 
problems. Shirley Tepper LaMere is a teacher of 
English as a Second Language in the San Francisco 
Community College District, working with refugees 
from Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. 



This presentation will include an overview of 
productivity as it relates to human interaction. 
Collaboration as a one-to-one relationship in the 
workplace will be examined. Through a series of 

exercises and demonstrations the peer/mentor 
model for professional development will be 
explained in detail. Joan Alevras and Elaina Zuker are 
Directors of Resources, Inc.. and the National 
Association for Female Executives. Joan maintains a 
private practice in gestalt therapy in New Jersey. 
Elaina is on the faculty of Montclair State College, 
New Jersey. 


Organization development programs offer both 
improved performance and a more humanistic work 
environment, but most run afoul of organization 
politics. Aikido, Kung Fu, psycholinguistics, and 
open systems planning, combined with political 
techniques allow simultaneous energizing, problem- 
solving and consensus-building. Participants will be 
guided in application to their own situations. James 
Warren is an OD consultant and a martial arts 

WORKSHOPS - 3:30-5:30 pm 

Handbook to Higher Consciousness and founder of 
Cornucopia, a college in Kentucky, will discuss how 
he has applied the living love way in his life, and will 
answer questions about his books and college. 

Personal/ Interpersonal 


How can we, without harming others, defend 
ourselves against the rapid increase of violent crime 
that has become a major problem in America today? 
This workshop presents a three-part model for 
dealing humanistically with physical attacks: 1) 
Invitation — learning how to discourage potential 
attackers; 2) Confrontation — breaking the attacker- 
victim paradigm; and 3) Altercation— defending and 
protecting yourself if attacked. Joel Kirsch, a 
psychologist and public safety instructor, is 
co-author with George Leonard of the forthcoming 
book, Energy Awareness and the Human Potential: A 
Guide to Altered Ways of Being in Everyday Life. 

tor, treasurer of New York AHP Chapter, 
conducted a research project on open marriage. 



This workshop is intended to help people under- 
stand the problems of relationships and personal 
identity, and to give practical aids for working with 
them. Conceptual material will be presented and 
several of the principles will be demonstrated. Jack 
Rosenberg is author of Etody, Self, and Soul. 


Myofacial Therapy is a new approach to emotional 
change and self-transcendence. Facial muscles are 
freed to express who we choose to be in the present 
rather than the past, unconscious, programmed self. 
These muscles remain toned and healthy as well, 
making it possible to engage as a creative partner in 
the aging process from an early age. Bonnie 
McWhinney, creator of Myofacial Therapy, is a 
psychological therapist, an acupressure masseuse, 
and formerly, chairperson of the Education Depart- 
ment at Immaculate Heart College. 

3:30-5:30 pm 


This workshop will present recent research findings 
about sexually open marriages, comparing those 
couples who are together with those who have 
separated. What were the reasons for opening the 
marriage, the problems, differences between the 
sexes, etc.? Discussion will be followed by exercises 
centering around the issues of jealousy and 
possessiveness. Arline Rubin teaches courses in 
family relationships, is a certified sex educator, 
certified Couples Communication Program Instruc- 


This workshop will explore the polarity of the heroic 
struggle for survival and the yearning for peaceful 
exit. Catastrophic events stimulate unconscious and 
conscious creative adaptations and can inspire us to 
transcend injurious obstacles. Although many of 
these forces evolve spontaneously, we can aid the 
re-creative process by self -directed methods leading 
us into varieties of the healing trance. Vera Fryling is 
a psychiatrist in private practice in Oakland, Cali- 



We confront difficult situations with extra body 
english. If we neglect to release all of that body 
english afterward, its left-over effects distort, stress 
and congest the human organism. Through a 
combination of patterned breathing and imagery, 
participants might discover self-insights and useful 
ways to release specific areas of left-over body 
english. Win Wenger has been on the faculty of the 
Creative Problem-Solving Institute for the Creative 
Education Foundation, State University College, 
Buffalo; and has written several books. 


Kick off your shoes and sample a series of games 
designed to stimulate the flow of creative impulses. 
Creativity Games— drawn from theater games, 
creative problem-solving techniques, and elsewhere 
—will stretch your imagination and rekindle your 
playfulness, while sparking a powerful tool for 
change. Jacqueline Lowell teaches Creativity Games 
in San Diego; directs and performs with Inside Out, 
an improvisational comedy troupe; has been a 
professional singer, danger, writer and photographer. 


You could change your life by unconditionally loving 
and forgiving yourself and others. These tools for 
change have been some of the most effective for 
changing behavior and circumstances where change 
is imperative, such as illness, giving up destructive 
habits and working out estranged relationships in 
families and business. Edith Stauffer is Director of 
Training, the Psychosynthesis Training Center of 
High Point Foundation, and has been a teacher of 
psychosynthesis and director of a training program 
for the staff of the California State Rehabilitation 


This seminar is designed to meet the needs of women 
who are interested in developing a greater self-aware- 
ness. The participants will be given the opportunity 
to evaluate their present nutritional and exercise 
habits and the ways in which they handle stressful 
events. Alternative lifestyles will be presented with 
suggested resource materials for further study. Areas 
which have a particular relevance for women will be 
emphasized. Carolyn Glass is a part-time counselor at 
Thomas Nelson Community College, Hampton, 
Virginia, where she has been a co-facilitator in the 
Women's Awareness Seminar for the past two years. 


The Personal Management System provides tools for 
change in seven vital areas of life: stress 
management, nutrition, exercise, leisure, social/ 
emotional, work/education, and creativity. Con- 
scious change and personal responsibility are 
stressed urging the development of individual goals. 
A six-month motivational, computerized follow-up 
will be offered. Morris Squire is President of Forest 
Hospital, a private psychiatric hospital, and 
Chairman of the Forest Hospital Foundation. 


The Feldenkrais method is designed to reawaken our 
capacity to learn through our own experience. We 
get both improved physical mobility and an under- 
standing of principles that are more generally 
applicable. This workshop will include an Awareness 
through Movement lesson, a demonstration of 
individual work and discussion. Andrew Gaines 
maintains a private practice in the Washington, DC 
area, combining Feldenkrais functional integration 
with psychotherapy. 



This workshop will address itself to the alarming 
incidence of casualties among helping professionals, 
including burn-out, sudden career shifts, suicide, 
addictions, family conflict and illness. The leaders 
will utilize their knowledge and expertise with group 
dynamics to explore some of the crucial factors 
involved in inducing impairment among professional 
helpers, and will emphasize the variety of ways that 
well-led peer group systems can facilitate a creative 
utilization of conflict, despair and discouragement. 
Allan Elfant is a clinical psychologist; Director of an 
Innovative Psychotherapeutic Inpatient Unit at Scott 
and White Clinic, Temple, Texas. William Hogan is a 
psychiatrist at Scott and White Clinic, and is 
curriculum coordinator for the Department of 
Psychiatry at Texas A&M Medical University. 


Redecision therapy is how to do effective, goal- 
oriented psychotherapy, using the leader's own blend 
of gestalt, behavior modification, transactional 
analysis, imagery work, and special techniques 
created by her and her husband. Skill-building 
techniques that others can easily copy will be used, 
plus a demonstration of psychotherapy with 
volunteers. Mary Goulding is co-author with her 
husband of The Power Is in the Patient and Changing 
Lives through Redecision Therapy, and has presented 
workshops in many parts of the world. 


Working with healers, meditators and spiritual 
teachers, the leader has found the patterns of the 
mind which reflect their heightened states of con- 
sciousness. Using the Mind Mirror, an EEC designed 
to display all of the brainwaves simultaneously, she 
will present these discoveries and show how the 
process can take place within you. Anna Wise has 
trained and worked with C. Maxwell Cabe and in 
1979 became a Director of his Institute for Psycho- 
biological Research and was appointed overseas 


In this workshop we will explore how to develop 
positive self-esteem in students of all ages. We will 
reaffirm our own essential self-worth and learn 
numerous methods for facilitating self-esteem in our 
classrooms. We will use affirmations, guided 
imagery, physical nurturance and touch, chanting, 
one-to-one sharing and group processes with a 


positive focus. This will be a practical and fun- 
filled workshop. Jack Canfield is Director of 
Educational Services for Insight Training Seminars. 


Here's an opportunity to present and discuss the 
most recent research and theories currently 
influencing the field of humanistic psychology. 
Bernard Bass is a Professor of Organizational 
Behavior, SUNY-Binghamton. Fred Massarik is a 
past-president of AHP. 


This workshop will use the Demeter/Persephone 
myth as a tool to expand the individual image to 
include feminine eros. This change can produce new 
ways of being, interpersonally and intrapsychically. 
The myth will be used as a metaphor to encourage 
new concepts of "feminine". Tools will be group 
process, guided imagery and play. Helen-Elaine 
janiger is a Jungian analyst in private practice in Los 
Angeles and a teacher at the Center for Individual 
and Family Counseling. 




This workshop will be an experiential exploration 
into shamanic healing ceremony and ritual. We will 
be opening ourselves as living channels of the Earth 
and to the creative power, joy and wisdom inherent 
in our/the planetary body. Prem Das teaches 
shamanism at J.F.K. University, Antioch West, 
Sonoma State University, and the California Institute 
of Integral Sudies. 


The objective of this workshop will be to familiarize 
participants with principles and applications of t'ai 
chi, which can immediately and easily be applied in 
daily living and be utilized in a professional as well as 
personal format. We will do simple centering and 
grounding exercises, breathing coordinations for 
energy and relaxation, and partnering work of a 
simple level. Judyth Weaver is a teacher of t'ai chi, 
has an extensive background in movement and 
dance, and is a Reichian therapist in private practice. 

STAR + GATE SYMBOLIC SYSTEM (double session; 
refer to Saturday, 1-3 pm for description) 


Meditation has usually been thought of as personal 
and individual activity. In this time of transition 
toward group consciousness and unity, we need a 
new group meditation. Please join us for discussion 
and experiencing of connection in consciousness 
that can form a bond that transcends time and space. 
Allen Holmquist is in practice as a counselor and 
teacher with the L.I.F.E. Counseling Group in 
Monrovia, California. 


A unifying theme of transpersonal music and imagery 
is designed to facilitate and catalyze approaches and 
techniques of deep relaxation and applications of the 
use of imagery, relaxation and visualization 
techniques. Included will be methods of incorporating 
music and movement with imagery, and techniques 
for facilitating spiritual feelings and experiences in 
imagery and visualizations. Emmet Miller is a 
physician with a subspecialty in psychosomatic 



This workshop will be presented by the members of 
the collective. History of our development, successes 
and failures in developing and teaching a social 
gestalt psychotherapy will be discussed. Theoretical 
issues, experiential work and time for feedback and 
networking will also be included. Frank Rubenfeld is 
on the faculty of the California School of 
Professional Psychology and the Gestalt Institute of 
San Francisco. Members of the Collective: Paula 
Bottome is a faculty member of the Gestalt Institute 
of San Francisco. Lois Lane is on the staff of Health 
and Human Services Agency. Kathleen Overin-Slo- 
bin is an artist currenty training in art therapy. Joan 
Sullivan is a psychiatrist in private practice. Deborah 
Weinstein is a psychotherapist in private practice. 
Cynthia Kong is a second-generation Chinese- 
American in private practice. 


The aim of this workshop is to awaken in participants 
an awareness of how personal growth achievements 
can be translated into effective politics. Exercises will 
demonstrate the futility of polarization through the 
"us vs. them" mentality. A new approach to 
consensus, synthesis and reconciliation will be 
offered experiential ly. Milton Friedman, former 
White House official, is currently staff consultant, 
United States House of Representatives, and is 
writing a book on the linkage of the political and 
spiritual realms. 



This workshop will teach participants to restructure 
situations and environments to utilize the political 
realities for positive outcomes. We will show how to 
build into one's company rituals for constructive 
interactions. We will practice patterns of dialogues 
that help people speak and know that they are heard, 
and clarify and expedite issues that arise daily. 
Thomas Drucker has been a management consultant, 
psychotherapist and executive in charge of manage- 

3:30-5:30 prr 


ment and organizational development for Xerox 
Corporation. Marilyn Murphy has been a human 
resources consultant, group/family therapist and 


People consider cooperation as applicable to 
personal life but not realistic for organizational life. 
This workshop is designed to open the potential and 
practicality of cooperation as the basis for 
organizational and business behavior. Experiences 
and techniques which demonstrate the superior 
results of cooperative behavior will be given. 
Donald Prentice has worked in business for 24 years. 

He is now consulting and doing in-house develop- 
ment programs for organizations. 


Throughout the past year, AHP has engaged in an 
effort to determine members' perceptions of the 
organization's strengths and weaknesses, hopes and 
visions. The Planning Process Committee has 
gathered data from constituencies, synthesized and 
summarized the data, and is prepared to report on its 
findings. This meeting is an opportunity to hear form 
the committee, discuss the findings and determine 
next steps. Bill Bridges will chair. 

3:30-5:30 pm 



Sunday, August 30 

FORUM -1:00-3:00 pm 


Projects will be presented and a panel of discussants 
will assess with authors the premises of the action 
they have chosen. EST, "The Hunger Project"— 
Joan Holmes; "Planetary Initiative for the World We 
Choose"— Donald Keys, Planetary Citizens; "US- 

Soviet Exchange Project"— Jim Hickman, Esalen 
Institute; "The National Self-Help Clearing House- 
Frank Reissman, Co-director; "Humanistic Alter- 
natives to Addiction: Research and Treatment"— 
Reda Sobky. Discussants: Charles Hampden- 
Turner, Mel Gurtov, Walt Anderson, Jacqueline 
Larcombe Doyle. 

1:00-3:00 pm 

WORKSHOPS - 1:00-3:00 pm 

Personal/ Interpersonal 



This workshop will focus on the challenge of change 
in mid-life as an issue in growing older healthfully. As 
we become a nation of graying Americans, we need 
to re-evaluate our own and societies' values, roles, 
goals and lifestyles. Harlene Simonelli is an Associate 
Professor of Psychology at Chaminade University, 
Honolulu; Executive Director of Well-Being, Inc.; 
and a consultant on Preventive Aspects of Aging. 


This workshop will introduce you to another 
approach in changing your work with children. You 
will be helped to re-experience some important 
incidents from your childhood; to communicate and 
share by drawing, painting, talking and playing; and 
to respond to other participants re-experiencing their 
adventures. Herbert Goetze is a psychologist and 
teacher at a German university and co-author of 
books on Rogerian play therapy with children. 


Training will be given in inducing and utilizing the 
hypnotic state in belief system and behavior changes 
as well as in removing those filters that keep us from 
perceiving clearly and cleanly. The emphasis will be 
on regressing back to critical incidents, clearing up 

"unfinished business" and utilizing affirmations 
arising from the experience. Irv Katz is Director of 
the Hypnotherapy Program at the University for 
Humanistic Studies and has given workshops for 
Esalen, Kairos, Antioch University and numerous 
holistic health centers. 



This is a life-affirming workshop, with participants 
learning visualization and other techniques aimed at 
overcoming the negative belief that death and aging 
are inevitable. The psychological immortality 
strategies are easy, playful, and are aimed at 
emotionally preparing us for the biological break- 
throughs coming over the next few years. Jerry Gillies 
is author of Psychological Immortality: Using Your 
Mind to Extend Your Life and several other books. 


In interpersonal relationships it is the non-verbal use 
of space that often tells us how close or how distant 
we care to be. We will use music and structured/ 
unstructured movement sets to get us into our 
natural flow and glow. Zachary Zakon is a dance 
facilitator and originator of a free-form approach to 


This workshop will illustrate how handwriting is an 
accurate and direct projection of personality, as well 
as an effective tool for change. Participants will have 


1:00-3 :00 pm 

an opportunity to apply several concepts they will 
learn to their own writing. Patti Fisher is a 
handwriting consultant and Director of the San 
Francisco Institute of Handwriting Research, Inc. 


The many advantages of sharing living space may 
appeal to you, but what about the pitfalls? There is 
far more to living together than getting together. 
From extensive personal experience the leader will 
offer information and emotional support. Focus will 
be on clarifying what we want and how to achieve it. 
Alice Eldred is a marriage, family and child therapist 
in private practice in Santa Monica, California. 


A humanistic approach to working with elite 
gymnasts will be explored. The importance of 
dialogue in the coaching process; valuing the 
athlete's experience; relaxation, visualization and 
managing stress will be discussed and experienced as 
a means to enhance sport performance. Kenneth 
Ravizza has worked with the Fullerton Women's 
Gymnastic Team and has researched aspects of sport 
participation. He teaches courses on the phil- 
osophical and psychological aspects of sport. 


A wide variety of movement activities for exploring 
body-mind harmony will be offered in an effort to 
promote body-mind awareness and creative self-ex- 
pression. Experiences will range from slow and gentle 
to playful and invigorating. Jim Sharon is on the staff 
of the Centennial Center for Psychological Services 
in Ft. Collins, Colorado, and has taught movement 
and body-mind integration, wellness, stress manage- 
ment and human relationships. 



Most of us have been conditioned socially and 
culturally to view illness, accidents and disease as 
negative experiences and to believe that these events 
"just happen" to us. We miss the incredible 
opportunities for learning from these experiences 
which can lead to dramatic changes in our lifestyles. 
Participants will explore the body-mind interrelation- 
ship in health and healing, using a variety of 
techniques. Bernice Payne is a counselor, biofeed- 
back specialist and group facilitator in private 
practice and Director of Heights Holistic Health 
Center in Brooklyn, New York. 


Come try on the new you, the self you most wish and 
fear to be. Through improvisational drama see how 
you feel as the "you" consciously changed to your 
own specifications. No acting experience needed. 
Michele McNichols Rubin is Director of Atlanta 
Street Theatre and a faculty member of Clark 


Any planetary change in consciousness must begin 

with the individual. This workshop will focus on the 
Arica map of the human psyche and its tools for the 
transcendence of the ego into the essential self. An 
overview of the Arica system, including nine body 
systems, domains, dichotomies and protoanalysis, 
with exercises will be presented. Karimu Kudura is 
editor of Inside Magazine and an Arica trainer. 


This workshop will be an information sharing/dis- 
cussion session designed to enable participants to 
share their experiences in raising children 
androgynously. Sharing special problems faced, 
special materials available, parental ambivalence 
and similar relevant issues will be highlighted. Role- 
playing exercises will be included. Linda De Villers is 
an instructor of psychology at Chaffey College and 
teaches courses at several other southern California 
colleges. Her emphasis ison personality theory, human 
sexuality and social psychology: 


GESTALT SYNERGY™ METHOD (double session; 
see Sunday, 3:30-5:30 pm) 

The emotions and memories stored in our body-mind 
can result in energy blocks, tensions and postur- 
al imbalances. By blending gestalt therapy, the Alex- 
ander technique and the Feldenkrais exercises in 
deep muscle work, we can contact, express and work 
through these deep feelings in order to experience 
our body, mind and emotions as an organic entity. 
This can lead to an awareness which will create the 
changes in your body-mind and reflect in your view 
of self and the surrounding world, liana Rubenfeldisa 
gestalt therapist, certified teacher of the Alexander 
technique and the Feldenkrais method, and 
originator of her own integration called the Gestalt 
Synergy™ Method. 


This workshop is designed to train people to explore 
and understand their world of images through 
sensory experiences. Imageries are used as a "bridge" 
from past to present, for insightful understanding of 
self, others and attitudes — and to recog- 
nize what can be changed for a more crea- 
tive and satisfying future. Psycho-imagery and 
muscle relaxation techniques will be demon- 
strated with audience participation. Norma 
Mittenthal is a psychotherapist in the practice of 
behavior therapy and a Professor of Psychology at a 
community college in Florida. 


Each year thousands of health care professionals fall 
victim to the depleted state that has come to be 
known as burn-out. In this session, we will show 
several methods for self-healing, personal and 
professional rejuvenation, and lifestyle management. 


Meditation, breathing, self-healing, wellness and 
awareness methods will forge the cornerstone of 
bringing participants from burn-out and into balance. 
Shama Alexander is Director of the Center for Health 
and Healing where he is involved in a full-time 
counseling practice. 


We will examine the historical evolution of gay 
therapy, explore and define the humanistic model of 
therapy as it relates to lesbians and gay men, and 
provide experiences to assist the therapist and the 
concerned individual in developing a greater 
awareness of the issues particular to this minority 
group. Consideration will be given to the recent 
progressive development of therapeutic dynamics in 
gay and lesbian social services. Patrick Meyer has 
facilitated and coordinated counseling programs for 
gay men during the past four years. Judith Kinst is a 
lesbian activist in the political and social commun- 
ities of central California. Paul Norcia's research 
explores homosexuality and the aging process with 
specific emphasis on the psychological and social 
needs of lesbian and gay elders. 


Therapy using a trampoline along with mental and 
focusing exercises will be demonstrated. Perceptual 
and learning skills, emotional blocks, communica- 
tion skills, and processes for taking effective action 
are improved. Often, immediate transformation 
takes place. Educational, athletic, counseling and 
transpersonal applications will be discussed. Ray- 
mond Gottlieb is a developmental optometrist, who 
directs the Eye-Gym, a center for improving vision 
and consciousness in Los Angeles. 



The transition of leaving a spiritual group or teacher 
is a major life crisis that can serve as an opportunity 
for greater growth or deadend in bitterness. At this 
workshop, people who are suffering from spiritual 
indigestion, as well as counseling professionals, will 
discuss the leaving transition, what leave-takers go 
through, and how these dilemmas are faced and 
integrated. Joshua Baran founded Sorting It Out as a 
result of his own experience in leaving a Zen 
monastery after seven years as a Zen Buddhist 
teacher and priest. Susan Rothbaum is Associate 
Director of Sorting It Out. 


This workshop is intended to provide a cross- 
cultural survey of how music is used to facilitate 
self-awareness, promote personal growth and provide 
social stability. The presentation will include 
recorded examples as well as work with chants, 
guided imagery with classical music, body effects of 
music, creating music through improvisation, and 

contemporary trends in music and movement. Jerry 
Moore is an instructor of music at College of the 
Redwoods and is currently on leave exploring growth 
through music in San Francisco and around the 


This workshop attempts to explain the way that 
Analytical Trilogy (Integral Psychoanalysis) works 
with the individual's feelings (religion), thoughts 
(philosophy) and accomplishments (consciousness), 
to obtain a rapid recovery of patients from their 
physical illnesses and neuroses and an accentuated 
improvement of their psychoses. Norberto Keppe 
created and now presides over the Society of Integral 
Psychoanalysis (Analytical Trilogy), organized Psy- 
chosomatic Medicine at a Hospital in Brazil, and has 
written numerous books. 


A Course in Miracles is a Christian mystical text 
describing an applied transpersonal psychology. It 
offers an integrated thought system utilizing relation- 
ships as the focus for a path which combines aspects 
of karma, bhakti and jnana yogas. We will examine 
its implications for both personal practice and 
humanistic/transpersonal theory. Frances Vaughan is 
a psychologist in private practice in Mill Valley, 
California, and author of Awakening Intuition. Roger 
Walsh is a psychiatrist on the faculty of the 
University of California Medical School and co-editor 
with Frances of Beyond Ego: Transpersonal Dimen- 
sions in Psychology. 


This workshop is designed to offer ways of seeing the 
many "faces" of the Shadow, what for Jung was an 
integral part of human psychology. The Shadow can 
best be understood as negative forces that express 
themselves as difficulties in experiencing fear, anger, 
resentment, and other aspects of physical and 
psychological violence. We will offer both didactic 
and experiential ways to approach and transform 
negative emotions and feelings, personally and 
collectively. Tony Joseph has a background in 
psychology, myth and astrology, and teaches and 
counsels throughout the country. Lynne Ericksson is 
a massage and acupressure therapist with a wide 
range of experience in the visual arts, journal- 
keeping and astrology. 


Integral meditation is an innovative approach based 
on the use of energy to transform consciousness. We 
will explore how to align, concentrate, assimilate and 
radiate psychospiritual energies to vitalize our body, 
transmute our emotions and illumine our minds, in 
order to transmit potent spiritual energies for the 
transformation of the world around us. Robert Gerard 
is a psychologist in private practice in Los Angeles 
and President of the International Foundation for 
Integral Psychology. Janice Gerard is a professional 
artist and art therapist. 

1:00-3:00 pm 




Participants will select and then explore in hypnosis, 
through fantasy and hypnodrama methods, social 
and political problems, and emerging from hypnosis 
will share experiences and critique the process and 
its results. Ira Creenberg is a psychologist in private 
practice of hypnotherapy in West Los Angeles. 



Humanistic industry? You bet. The most successful 
companies treat people holistically and with respect. 
Thinking of a career transition? We will explore the 
pros and cons of a shift into industry, and learn the 
career success skills that can make for a smooth 
transition. Frederick Gilbert works with Hewlett- 
Packard and operates his own career consultation 

business, after ten years in humanistic psychology, 
community health and university teaching. 


This workshop is an exploration into the relation- 
ship between interpersonal dynamics, organizational 
goals and social action organizations. Based on the 
notion that interaction organizations generate 
qualities that are opposite to those valued by the 
organizational ideology, participants will examine 
the dynamics of their own organizations. Abigail 
Grafton is the founder and Director of the Sonoma 
Institute, an alternative graduate school of clinical 


This year's International Activities session, in 
addition to providing an overview of humanistic 
psychology activities worldwide, will include ex- 
pression of feelings, experience and ideas through 
such mediums as dance, poetry and reflection. Fred 
Massarik is chairman of AHP International Activities. 
Anna Wise and Jym MacRitchie are European 

3:30-5:30 pm 

WORKSHOPS - 3:30-5:30 pm 

many books, one of the founders of humanistic 
psychology, honored friend of AHP, and major 
contributor to the field of psychology. 

Persona l/lnterpersona I 


This workshop offers participation in biofeedback 
and imagery techniques designed to facilitate 
healing and health maintenance skills. There will be 
small group work with biofeedback instrumentation 
designed to increase participants' awareness of 
dysfunctional physiological responses and how to 
correct them. Closing guided imagery will be used to 
promote relaxation, circulation and warmth. Mar- 
jorie Toomin is a psycholoigst and Director of the 
Biofeedback Institute of Los Angeles. Sandra 
Thomson, a psychologist, is Director of Training, and 
Pamela Pine is Assistant Director of Training at the 
Institute. Joan Reighley is a nurse educator. 


This workshop will give participants an opportunity 
to experience three variations of an exercise in 
proxemics in which the emotional and interpersonal 
factors involved in establishing and maintaining 
personal space are demonstrated. Participants will 
engage in a variety of personal space exercises. Ted 
Balgooyen is a Professor of Small Group Behavior 

and Interpersonal Communication, San Jose State 
University, and a clinical psychologist. 


This is an opportunity to become acquainted with 
some of the fundamentals of this technique, 
emphasizing its utilization in generating change in 
growth by interrupting self-conscious mechanical 
patterns by means of explicit, focused awareness. It 
is used, in effect, as the lens to focus consciousness 
in a manner calculated to interrupt these auto- 
matized patterns. Participants will have an oppor- 
tunity to observe, experience and practice the 
technique. Nathaniel Branden is Executive Director 
of the Biocentric Institute in Beverly Hills. 


Love is a complex emotion, an essential nutrient and 
a powerful energy involving skills which can improve 
with practice. This workshop will look at the various 
qualities of love, from erotic love to compassion, and 
the specific ways they can be practiced to direct the 
course of the evolution of love in our lives and in our 
times. Stella Resnick is a clinical psychologist and 
gestalt therapist in private practice in Los Angeles. 


Experience the change in your process when you 
speak someone else's language. This workshop is 
designed to provide an experience of how differences 


in language structure affect communication and 
cultural patterns, using English and Japanese as 
examples. Keiko Matsuura was born and raised in 
Japan and has had various public speaking and 
teaching experiences. 


Anger and resentment are an escalation of fear and 
guilt which require a shift of responsibility and blame 
outside of oneself. This workshop will explore the 
mechanisms by which this shift of blame onto others 
takes place. Exercises and other tools for the 
elimination of anger and resentment will be offered. 
Donald Leon is a lawyer; psychologist; marriage, 
family and child counselor; and businessman. Judith 
Boyd-Leon is a research psychologist, metaphysician 
and healer. 


This workshop presents the results of a recent study 
of the implications of the brain-mind revolution for 
the next 20 years. Participants will have the 
opportunity to experience such brain-mind capa- 
cities as multisensory processing, extended memory, 
the kinesthetic body, left-hand talk, accelerated time 
production and the visual mind. Diane Battung is a 
co-founder of LIFELINE, a support network for 
educators, and a national contributing editor for the 
education section of the World Future Society. 


We hold onto some things long after they bring us 
pleasure or happiness — whether they be 
unsatisfying jobs, rigid behavior patterns, or hurtful 
feelings. The purpose of this workshop is to explore a 
process by which to "let go" of attitudes, feelings and 
behaviors that hold us back and stop us from 
changing. Karen Goodman, a former coordinator at 
the Humanistic Psychotherapy Studies Center in 
Philadelphia, is Director of Humanistic Associates. 


This workshop provides a simple, clear-cut approach 
to improved awareness of why people feel toward 
themselves the way they do. Participants will 
examine the values, concepts and beliefs with which 
we have been conditioned and which have planted 
the seeds of low self-esteem. Then, through various 
exercises and processes, participants will attempt to 
achieve an experience of self-acceptance. Bob 
Romano is instructor for the Barksdale Self-Esteem 
programs in Los Angeles. 


This workshop is for couples who want to explore 
more satisfying and creative ways of being together. 
Too many expectations of a relationship frequently 
overwhelm our intentions. By allowing yourself to 
flow with the movement, dance, music and fantasy 
experiences of this workshop, you may become aware 
of change taking place without planning. Connie 
Moerman is Director of the Mental Health Associate 
Training Program at Montgomery College. Sidney 
Fine is a research psychologist at Advanced Research 
Resources Organization in Washington, DC. 


Chemically dependent people do not have to "hit 
bottom." There is now an effective, humanistic 
method that families, employers and helping 
professionals can use which will help the dependent 
person confront his/her problem and begin the 
process of recovery. There will be a background 
lecture on chemical dependency (including alcohol- 
ism), a description of the intervention process, 
discussion and role-playing. Louis Krupnick is 
supervising counselor at the Alcoholism Recovery 
Center at Desert Hospital in Palm Springs. He grew 
up as a "co-dependent" of an alcoholic. 


Middle class men are under assault. They are living in 
self-made prisons devoid of feelings and lined with 
judgments about what it means to be masculine and 
moral in today's culture. This workshop is designed 
for persons wanting to effect this population and 
restore balance between the mind and feelings/, 
experiences. Gerald Evans is a founder and Director 
of the Men's Resource Center of greater Philadelphia, 
which provides individual and group services for men 
from the business community. 


GESTALf SYNERGY T M METHOD (double session; 
refer to Sunday, 1-3 pm for description) 


This workshop will offer an exploration into the 
Masters Program in Holistic Studies at Antioch 
University West. Will Schutz is author of many 
books, including The Interpersonal Underworld 
{FIRO), joy, and Profound Simplicity. He teaches at 
Antioch University West in San Francisco. 


This workshop should give the writer an awareness of 
how to prepare material for submission to publishers, 
develop manuscripts of popular appeal, and then 
how to work with a publisher to see to it that the 
finished book reaches the largest possible audience. 
We will cover the publishing process from 
conception of the idea, through the development of 
an outline and proposal, to finding an agent, and 
finally a publisher. Jeremy Tarcher is President of J. P. 
Tarcher, Inc., publishers. 


This workshop is on the use of barter as an alternative 
payment plan and therapeutic adjunct. The ethics of 
humanistic psychotherapy are often tarnished by the 
legitimate economic imperatives of the practitioner. 
The barter system provides a viable economic 
option, a conceptual model consistent with human- 
istic principles, and introduces an existential tool 
that can be used as a therapeutic aid. Paul Rappoport 
has been using barter in his private practice for two 
years, and has researched, discussed and is 
presenting and writing on the topic. 

3:30-5:30 pm 




Focusing is a quiet, gentle, meditative way of getting 
in touch with one's whole "felt sense" of a problem, 
issue or situation, and, through specific steps, 
achieving a "felt shift", a piece of bodily resolution 
of the problem. Focusing is a skill that can be learned 
and has been found to be crucial to successful 
psychotherapy. Neil Friedman is a clinical psychol- 
ogist and frequent presenter at AHP events. 


This workshop will offer a demonstration and skill- 
building exercises utilizing paradox, right-brain 
processes leading to acceptance/change. The 
nonexistence of resistance will be demonstrated. Eric 
Marcus, a psychiatrist, is an internationally recog- 
nized teacher. He is author of Cestalt Therapy and 
Beyond and will soon publish The Logic of lllogic. 



This workshop is designed to compare peak 
experience, peak performance and flow. Information 
will be shared verbally and with media presentations. 
Limited activities will involve participants, and 
discussion will be invited. Gayle Privette is a teacher 
of humanistic and counseling psychology with 
special research interests in peak performance. 


This workshop will present an in-depth approach to 
modification and development of various exper- 
iences of the physical body, such as optimum health, 
self-healing, weight control, and insuring dynamic, 
healthy and creative older years. Transformational 
imaging techniques and autogenic processes that can 
be incorporated into a regular meditation program 
will be presented experientially. Winafred Lucas is a 
clinical psychologist who gives workshops in trans- 
formational imaging and holistic health around the 


We will explore experientially several metaphoric/ 
symbolic approaches to the transformation of 
consciousness and personality, studied from the 
point of view of transpersonal and depth psychology, 
mythology and psycho-spiritual growth teachings of 
East and West. Ralph Metzner is Professor of 
East-West Psychology at the California Institute of 
Integral Studies, and author of Maps of Conscious- 
ness and Know Your Type. 


T'ai chi is a meditative dance that crystalizes the 
energies of change in nature. It evokes landscapes — 
energies of change in nature. It evokes landscapes; 
organic, rhythmic, and inextricably is connected to 
archetypal imagery and breath meditations, we will 
use t'ai chi to create rituals celebrating change. As a 
dance of opening, flowing energy, this process can 
make change conscious, effective and harmonious. 
Talia de Lone is Director of Bubbling Springs, a taoist 
movement meditation center, and has been teaching 
and leading workshops in t'ai chi for over a decade. 


This workshop is intended to expand the parti- 
cipants' consciousness of the process of transfor- 
mation naturally inherent in all living things and 
includes a multimedia presentation of nature as 
teacher and healer. The following experiential 
component is designed to enhance the participants' 
self realization of the interconnected oneness of all 
human beings. Ron Bugaj is a physical therapist with 
international, educational consulting and field 
experience with Project HOPE. 


This workshop will begin with a general description 
of the nature of religious experience. Attenders will 
then share in small groups what each considers 
personal religious experiences. The whole group will 
then meet to agree on a group concept and further 
explore the topic. Walter Houston Clark has taught, 
lectured and written books in this field. 



In a challenging simulation game you will experience 
the difficulties and pleasures of communicating 
information to people who have an entirely different 
perspective of the same information. Your communi- 
cation assets and liabilities will be exaggerated. If the 
information merge takes place, a synergistic 
accomplishment in the form of the product is 
produced. Diane Reifler consults in organizational 
behavior and assisting individuals in making business 
and personal decisions. Joe August is an organization 
and education consultant. 



Most past evidence suggests that effective manage 
ment requires masculine characteristics. This work- 
shop will explore, in shared small groups, whether 
new and even more effective styles of leadership 
which incorporate more feminine values are possible 
for women managers. Bernard Bass is Professor of 
Organizational Behavior, SUNY-Binghamton. 


The Way of Life, the ancient Chinese work by Lao 
Tsu, points the way to the wise management and 
administration of people. Through group discussion 
and presentation, we will speculate on what kind of 
manager Lao Tsu would be in a modern corporation 
and discuss the appropriateness of his view for 
today's corporate leadership. Tom Ventresca is a 
trained counselor interested in the therapeutic 
process of workshops. 


An open business meeting for anyone interested in 
the proceedings of the Board. Everyone welcome. 


AFTERNOON: Monday, August 31 

FORUM -1:00-3:00 pm 


AHP's rich history and exploration of models of the 
person Will assess human theory adequate to the 
1980s challenge of the moral majority and Reagan 

politics; the human as both shadow and light. Carl 
Rogers, Frank Reissman, Charles Hampden-Turner, 
Nora Weckler, jean Houston and Floyd Matson. 
Moderated by Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle. 

1:00-3 :00pm 

WORKSHOPS - 1:00-3:00 pm 


Author of Seven Arrows, Song of Heyoehkah and 
President of NAMA will discuss "Journey Into 

Persona l/lnterpersona I 


The age-old battle of whether an illness is physical or 
psychological only illustrates the ignorance of the 
individual who argues its cause. When the 
practitioner fully realizes there is no true line of 
demarcation he/she is then ready to do justice to 
his/her patient. This workshop will include a 
discussion of an experiment illustrating this lack of 
differentiation. Sidney Walter is a psychologist in 
private practice and is on the staff of the Sherman 
Oaks Community Hospital. 


This workshop will present the concept of 
experiential focusing, a structured, introspective 
technique developed by Eugene Cendlin. A 
presentation of relevant theory and research will be 
given along with a demonstration and exercise on the 
use of focusing for personal change. Lucinda Gray is 
a psychologist working to integrate experiential 
focusing with neo-Reichian and meditative tech- 
niques. Marta Brisco is a biofeedback and relaxation 
trainer, and psychological assistant at the Los 
Angeles Family Institute. 


We will look at why men find it hard to escape their 
gender roles; how men are trapped into the macho 
role. Men's areas of encultured inferiority and the 
guilt which locks men in will be examined along with 
men's compensatory responses, which may soon 
include nuclear war. Roy Schenk has been studying, 
writing and speaking about men's forms of 
oppression for over ten years. He is currently writing a 
book on the topic. 


The art of self-empowerment can be learned 
Permission and awareness, however, do not by 
themselves create change. This workshop is designed 
to add the specific information and tools that people 
can use to take back their power from the 
environment, and empower themselves to reach 
those goals that they desire to lead a more fulfilling 
and creative life. Carol Briseno, educator and 
management consultant, is a member of the 
University of Southern California Advisory Board of 
Intergenerational Dialogue. 


Oscar Ichazo, founder of the Arica School, describes 
the couple as an ongoing dynamic process through 
stages and levels of development. Knowing these 
stages of development, we learn to take changes in 
our couple relationships in stride, thereby cultivating 
the art of relationships based on the knowledge of 
process. Steve Wolf is a doctoral student at the 
Humanistic Psychology Institute and an Arica 
instructor. Verrel Reed teaches courses in the Arica 
method at San Jose State. 


1:00-3:00 pm 


This workshop will examine the area of personal, 
practical self defense and how it may be compatible 
with a humanistic orientation. Much useful 
information will be shared, along with valuable 
perspectives on creating positive ways to deal with 
the threat of violence to ourselves and others. David 
Allen and Deborah Allen, founders and Directors of 
Peacetraining, conduct self-defense workshops, 
which focus on the inner qualities of security as 
foundation for the outer. 


Each participant will enjoy experiences and be able 
to learn new skills in a lighter and freer way to work, 
play, live and love through the innovative learning 
approach to relaxation and movement re-educa- 
tion created and developed over the past 50 years by 
Milton Trager. Each person will feel a mini-Trager 
experience and learn some basic skills that can be 
shared with others. Paul Ash is a Trager practitioner, 
writer, healer and community leader trained in 
clinical psychology. 

which the person has built up of him/herself. It helps 
bring to consciousness his/her reality in its healthy 
and pathological aspects. Claudia Pacheco is a 
psychoanalyst in Sao Paulo, Brazil, editor of the 
International journal of Analytical Trilogy, and 
general secretary of the Society of Integral 


The objective of this workshop is to show in practice 
how personal experiences are related to political 
events; especially, to deepen and clarify under- 
standing for the need to work on oneself in order to 
change society. This relationship has frequently been 
claimed and stated, but rarely been made concrete 
and practiced. The next important aspect which 
needs practicing in this context is to correct and 
change without being punitive; also, to be 
courageous and steadfast without being hostile and 
aggressive. Ingrid Essien-Obot is a clinical psychol- 
ogist with ten years of professional experience. She is 
presently teaching in the Department of Sociology in 
Calabar, Nigeria. 


While most of us articulate a commitment to change 
and growth, we often experience personal resistance. 
This workshop will enable participants to get in 
touch with one facet which interferes with change, a 
sense of loss and the accompanying grief and 
mourning. Together, we will examine these feelings 
as well as set specific goals for dealing with personal 
change. Richard Cohen is Director of the Commun- 
ity Mental Health Center in Jamaica, New York. 


Professionals, parents of young children and people 
exploring their own early dynamics will learn and 
share new information regarding the first two years of 
life. How we can effect personal, social and political 
change with more consciousness and advocacy for 
natural birthing and development through relation- 
ships will be explored and defined. Natalie Robin- 
son-Garfield is a psychotherapist in private practice, 
parent counselor, consultant to early childhood 
programs, family arbitrator and single parent. 


This workshop will offer participants a group 
experience to explore methods and strategies from 
the approaches of gestalt, psychodrama, fantasy and 
psychotherapy, with emphasis on open self- 
expression and authentic interaction. It will be of 
special interest to participants working with group 
approaches in the counseling professions. Jeff 
Henning is a counselor/group therapist at Saint 
Anthony Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and served as a 
counselor in Ohio drug and mental health agencies. 




Interiorization is a tool to dismantle the false image 



You will experience an approach to working with 
children and adolescents that involves a variety of 
creative expressive techniques placed within the 
framework of gestalt therapy philosophy, theory and 
practice, and used to help children express innermost 
feelings. This is for therapists, teachers and parents. 
Violet Oaklander is Director of the Center for Child 
and Adolescent Therapy in Hermosa Beach, 
California, and author of Windows to Our Children. 


Through video-tape and open discussion, we will 
look beneath such handicaps as retardation, autism, 
illiteracy, etc., to disclose the artist. The fuller 
humanness is sought, via artists and their techniques, 
not by reducing art to psychology, e.g., art therapy, 
but by bringing psychology closer in touch with the 
hidden artist. Mike Arons, Robert Masek, James 
Barrell and Don Rice are all with the Department of 
Psychology at West Georgia College. Carmi Harari 
has a private practice in Manhattan, New York. 


You will have the opportunity to discover the sources 
of stress for learners and teachers in schools and 
many practical techniques for increasing energy and 
cognitive awareness, while reducing anxiety and 
stress. Participants will learn classroom versions of 
movement, relaxation, breathing and imaging 
strategies as well as new ways of structuring learning 
environments. F. Hanoch McCarty has been studying 
classroom stress and energy directly in classrooms k 
through graduate school for the past eight years. 





This workshop will explore the history and develop- 
ment of autogenic training and how to apply it in 
daily life to achieve complete relaxation and deal 
with functional health problems. Printed handouts 
provide continued training in AT skills. Presenter will 
give witness to healing of a long-standing malady he 
experienced through use of AT. Don Parker has 
worked with the conscious mind and developed the 
SRA Reading Labs. He now shares tools for tapping 
unlimited powers of the subconscious mind. 




This workshop is designed for rediscovering some of 
the truths in the often overlooked wisdom of folk 
tales. We will experience how they point the way to 
creative change. Margaret Buck has explored folk 
tales for over ten years. She has been a chemist, a 
teacher and is now a biofeedback trainer and story- 



What can jealousy teach us in our journey toward 
personal transformation? An integrated model for 
understanding the experience of jealousy from 
personal, interpersonal and transpersonal perspec- 
tives will be presented. Through lecture, discussion, 
guided fantasy, and small-group processes, partici- 
pants will explore jealous experience and behavior, 
and tools for working with jealousy. Walt Voigt is 
Professor of Psychology at the California Institute of 
Integral Studies and a clinical psychologist in private 


This workshop will explore dreams as a tool for 
change, using demonstration and group participa- 
tion. We will look at the various levels of the 
dreaming experience with emphasis on emotional 
awareness, spiritual guidance and controllable 
dreaming. Robert Swartz is a staff member of 
Connexions and specializes in holistic therapy. 




Flower essences are transpersonal tools which 
enhance self-awareness, self-understanding, assist in 
transforming self-limiting emotions and attitudes, 
and promote a more natural state of health and well- 
being. This workshop focuses on understanding the 
history, operation, selection and usage of essences 
for both helping professionals and individuals 
seeking harmonious personal growth and transforma- 
tion. Marilyn Arnett is a private consultant, 
facilitator and trainer who has led numerous 
workshops in health, mental health and education 
for the last ten years. 


This workshop will offer a specific method for 
integrating personal, spiritual and social change 
through loving commitment. Participants will learn 
effective methods for clarifying personal social 
vision; assessing resources and potentials; involving 
and working with others; and successfully planning 
and implementing positive change in themselves, 
their environment and the social process. Georgia 
Berland is a consultant in social planning and human 
service programming, with 15 years experience as a 
therapist, community organizer and administrator. 


We believe that in the next four years people in the 
humanist movement will have to pay close attention 
to the socio-political sphere or else they will lose 
their freedom. Our panel will provide a forum for the 
expression of the philosophy of the moral majority 
and humanist movement in an attempt to develop a 
workable compromise between the two points of 
view. Stanley Krippner, panel moderator, is a past 
president of AHP, editor of Psychoenergetics, and a 
faculty member of the Humanistic Psychology 
Institute. Susan Shore, head of a human relations 
project called SERT, is also hostess for the television 
program "Loveline." Walter Houston Clark, founder 
of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, is a 
Professor of Psychology of Relations at Andover 
Newton Theological School. Louis Barnes, Jr., is 
Executive Director of the Californians for Biblical 
Morality, Moral Majority of California. David Noebel 
is President of Summitt Ministries and is writing a 
book on Christianity, Humanism and Marxism. 
George Peters is founder of CNI and has been 
involved with mind-body evaluation, integration and 
transformation for 15 years. Panel coordinated by 
Rodney Kinney . 



Various pressures inhibit us from expressing our real 
selves at work. Men may find it difficult to be soft 
and sensitive; women may give away their power and 
authority. Through role-play, discussion and move- 
ment analysis, we will explore the barriers to a fuller, 
more natural expression of self on the job. Tom Ucko 
is a San Francisco-based consultant in human 
relations and career development. Claire Cohn works 
in San Francisco as a psychomotor therapist and a 
consultant in body image and non-verbal commun- 
ication skills. 


This workshop is designed to help individuals 
understand the impact of cultural norms on their 
health, to identify the norms of their culture which 
they want to change, and to develop individual 


wellness plans. It provides an opportunity to explore 
supportive systems for wellness in families, friend- 
ship groups, organizations and communities. Robert 
Allen is a clinical psychologist whose primary 

interest is creating supportive environments. He is 
author of Beat the System: A Way to Create More 
Human Environments and President of Human 
Resources Institute in New Jersey. 

AUGUST 31, 3:30-5:30 PM 

This will be an occasion for members of each Theme 
Community to gather as a group for one last time 
prior to the conclusion of the Conference. After the 
Closing, all Communities will merge together to form 
the AHP Community, celebrating with a Dinner 



WITH AL CHUNG-LIANG HUANG, Tuesday, September 1, 
8:00-10:30 pm 

Tickets: $7.50, $8.50, $9.50; available at the Conference or 
in advance, c/o Steve Cloud, PO Box 4774, Santa Barbara, 
California 93101. Concert will include selections from "The 
Tao of Bach", which Al Huang and Paul Winter's Consort 
performed in New York. Paul Winter and his group blend 
classical music, jazz, ethnic music and the songs of nature 
into a special music dedicated to the natural world. 


Saturday, August 29, 10:00-11:40 pm 

—Towards Caring Community (30 minutes). This film won a 
New York Films Award in 1979. It portrays the birth of a 
child within a community. It is both moving and educa- 

—As Long As There is Life (40 minutes). This film is about 
the Forest family, a young couple with two children, faced 
with the death of the mother. It demonstrates the role of the 
Hospice Home Care Team in helping the family members 
cope with this crisis. 

—Fritz Perls: Master of Change (30 minutes). The 
thrust of Fritz Perls' work was to break up patterns and rigid 
ways of seeing and being. In "The Case of Mary Kay" one 
can see Fritz at his best. Jack Gaines, author of Fritz Perls, 
Here and Now, will present the film and lead a discussion. 

Monday, August 31, 10:30-11:40 pm 

—AHP Slideshow. George Leonard, past-president of AHP, 

will be narrator. 

—Math: A Moving Experience (30 minutes). Designed to 

inspire appreciation and use of creative movement and 

humanistic values in elementary education, this film is 

directed by Teresa Bender Benzwie who will be available for 


—Ripple of Time (30 minutes). This unusually fine 

documentary is the first film of its kind to show that 

sexuality is not the exclusive province of the young. 


continuous throughout the Conference 



Pictures from the art journal of Natalie Rogers depicting a 
decade of mid-life transitions. 


Saturday, August 29, 11:45 am-12:45 pm 

This meeting will explore how what is learned at humanistic 
conferences can be applied "back home". Emphasis will be 
on learning from participants, as well as sharing our own 
experiences with interdisciplinary faculty support groups, 
English Composition classes, and meditation groups. 
Together we will develop plans for implementation during 
the coming year. Glenn Frankenfield specializes in 
psycholinguistics and teaches English Composition at the 
University of Maine. Mick Bransky specializes in humanis- 
tic education at the University of Maine. 

Sunday, August 30, 11:45 am-12:45 pm 


This session will give a brief overview of some of the 
programs for advanced study in humanistic psychology. Irv 
Katz, coordinator, is on the faculty at the University of 
Humanistic Studies, San Diego. 

Monday, August 31, 11:45 am-12:45 pm 

Representatives from various graduate programs with 
transpersonally-oriented curriculum will describe their 
offerings. Walt Voigt, coordinator, is on the faculty of the 
California Institute of Integral Studies, San Francisco. 



In January AHP began a fund-raising effort— the Silent 
Auction. Throughout the Conference we will continue the 
Silent Auction, and on Sunday night, preceding the 
Presidential Address, we will have a Not-So-Silent Auction. 
You can join in the fun of the Silent Auction by. . . 

• bringing a contribution to UCLA; 

• submitting a bid on one or more items or services; 

• making the Not-So-Silent Auction a rollicking good time 
for everyone— and profitable for AHP. 

Please don't send anything to the AHP office prior to the 
Conference. A table will be set up in the Hospitality Area for 
accepting contributions and taking bids. 



Wednesday-Friday, August 26-28 (beginning at 10:00 am) 


Insight Training is a practical growth process designed to 
help create more loving relationships. We will view a wide 
range of personal and interpersonal perspectives. Jack 
Canfield is Director of Educational Services of Insight 

Training Seminars and co-author of 700 Ways to Enhance 
the Self-Concept in the Classroom; his forthcoming book is 
Learning to Love Yourself. 

Russell Bishop is Vice-president and Director of Training for 
Insight Training seminars. 

Thursday, August 27, 1 :00-9:00 pm (with a dinner break) 


Imagery and visualization are practical tools that allow a 
person in distress to work with a health care professional in 
both diagnosis and treatment. Topics include healing, 
guided imagery, relaxation and self-regulation. Dennis Jaffe 
is a clinical psychologist at UCLA School of Medicine and 
Director of the Learning for Health Clinic. His latest book is 
Healing from Within. Jeanne Segal is a consultant to 
business and health care practitioners, a former staff 
member of the Center for the Healing Arts, and author of 
Fee//ng Great: A Guide to Health and Happiness. 


We will explore the union of opposites within the 
psyche— the principle of androgyny— and how this can 
positively affect relationships. Niela Horn is a member of 
the Gestalt Institute of New England, on the staff of AHR- 
Beacon College, and an organizational consultant. Ed Elkin, 
a psychologist, is on the faculty of the University of 
Humanistic Studies, Los Angeles, and author of Transitions: 
A Transpersonal Gestalt Primer. 


Transformational theater is an experimental form in which a 
group undergoes a transformative process which they then 
present to a large audience as a participational theatrical 
event— in this case a presentation of The Divine Androgyne 
at the Conference Monday evening. Anand Veereshwar has 
been involved in professional theater and has held 
workshops throughout the United States and Europe. 

lack Canfield 


Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) combined with 
hypnotic techniques will be used to demonstrate the tools 
for successful change, enlisting the unconscious to work for 
consciously desired change. Norma Barretta and Philip 
Barretta are both therapists, lecturers, trainers and certified 
practitioners of NLP. 


We will focus on the ways skilled attention to the breath can 
affect mental and physical well-being, spiritual awareness 
and success in relationships. Dress for free breathing and 
movement. Stella Resnick is a clinical psychologist, a gestalt 
therapist in private practice and has written about gestalt, 
sexuality and spirituality. 


We will explore ways of restoring sacrality to psychological 
processes, and of tapping the place where the vision is 
gained, meaning is found, and healing and transformation 
take place. Jean Houston, a pioneer in the exploration and 
development of the study of human consciousness, is 
co-author of The Varieties of Psychedelic Experience and 
Mind Games: The Guide to Inner Space and author of 

Dennis laffe 

Russell Bishop 

Jeanne Segal Anand Veereshwar 


Friday, August 28, 9:00 am-5:00 pm (with a break) 


Using energy awareness exercises and visualizations, you 
will discover ways of loving that are spiritually and 
physically creative, nourishing and enduring. With no 
explicit sexual activity, you will experience imaginative and 
harmonious sexuality. George Leonard, past-president of 
AHP, is author of Education and Ecstasy, The Transforma- 
tion, The Ultimate Athlete and The Silent Pulse; and teaches 
aikido. Annie Styron conducts workshops and counsels 
individuals in energy awareness and its application to 


This workshop, focusing on mastery of change and trans- 
formational process, is for professionals interested in 
expanding their skills in transpersonal psychotherapy. 
Frances Vaughan is a professor at the California Institute of 
Transpersonal Psychology, a psychotherapist in private 
practice, author of Awakening Intuition, and co-editor of 
Beyond Ego: Transpersonal Dimensions in Psychology. 


We will integrate socio-political analysis, global spirituality 
and creative growth process; will study the relationships 
between human development and world order; and will 
explore initiatives for alternative world futures. Patricia 
Mische is an educator, a lecturer, co-author of Toward a 
Human World Order, Beyond the National Security 
Straitjacket, and editor of Global Education Associate's The 
Whole Earth Papers. Her forthcoming book is Women, 
Power and Alternative World Futures. 


Doing exercises in collective tuning which use music, 
movement and meditative processes, you will be 
encouraged to create rituals for communion in daily life. 
Gay Luce is a psychologist, founder of SAGE, and author of 
Body Time and Your Second Life. 


Trager Psychophysical Integration and Mentastics is a 
dynamic process of non-verbal communication with 
profound applications to the great variety of fields which 
serve the development of the whole being. By facilitating 
the release of deep-seated patterns in the body-mind, the 
Trager approach effectively works with stress reduction, 
self-image enhancement and the release of creative 
abilities. This Institute will include experiential sessions and 
discussion of the relationship of Trager, Feldenkrais, 
Alexander, rolfing, and Touch for Health. Betty Fuller is 
Director of the Trager Institute, a humanist counselor, and 
an instructor of Feldenkrais Awareness through Movement 


We will glimpse into the 21st century at the potentials of the 
humans who will walk on earth at the dawn of the third 
millenium. Alberto Villoldo is an internationally-known 
speaker and researcher, co-author of Realms of Healing, and 
co-editor of Millennium. His soon-to-be-published book is 
The Magical Brain. 

Norma & Philip Barretta 


Tuesday, September 1, 2:00 pm — 
Thursday, September 3, 5:00 pm 

We asked a number of people why they are staying for the Post-Conference Communities. Here are some of the 
"I won't have to hurry and leave." 

"I'm an intense person. I want to go deeply into whatever I'm doing." 
"I want to relax into the friendships that are forming." 
"I want to be a part of an ongoing community network." 
"I want to make a difference and this is where the difference will be made." 
"I will get a chance to take a second look and see people I didn't notice at first." 
Selected resource people will meet with each community, and each group will rely on its own members' skills and 


The Post-Conference Communities are an extra-fee event. You can register on site in the Volunteer Office anytime 
throughout the Conference. All Post-Conference Community participants must have a name badge which will be 
required for admission. 




Thanks to '80-81 AHP Executive Board: 

Welcome to '81'82 AHP Executive Board: 


Bill Bridges 


Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle 


Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle 


Virginia Satir 


George Leonard 


Bill Bridges 

Mem bers- At-Large : 

Richard Grossman 

Mem ber s- At-L arge : 

Jack Drach 

Willis Harman 

Diane Dunhoff 

Al Chung-liang Huang 

Al Chung-liang Huang 

Rick Ingrasci 

Rick Ingrasci 

Natalie Rogers 


Natalie Rogers 

Nora Weckler 

Jeanne Segal 
Nora Weckler 

Financial Development: Gordon Sherman 

Advisors to Executive Board: 



Executive Officer: Elizabeth Campbell 

JoeK. Adams 

George Leonard 

Journal Editor: 

Thomas Greening 

Heinz L. Ansbacher 

Jean Houston 

International Activities: Fred Massarik 

James F. T. Bugental 
Charlotte Buhler 

Charles Hampden-Turner 
Eleanor Criswell 

AHP Eastern Regional Network: 


Vin Rosenthal 

Tucker Ranson 

Harriett Francisco 

Stanley Krippner 

Robert Ostermann 

Kurt Goldstein 

Norma R. Lyman 

Field Activities Council: Margie Kaplan 

Robert S. Hartman 

Lawrence N. Solomon 

S.I. Hayakawa 

Fred Massarik 

Sidney M. Jourard 
Norma R. Lyman 
Abraham H. Maslow 

Denis O'Donovan 
Floyd W. Matson 
Gerard V. Haigh 


Coordinator: Susan Kirsch 


Jack R. Gibb 



Clark Moustakas 

S. Stanfeld Sargent 


Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle 

Lewis Mumford 

E. J. Shoben, Jr. 


Christina Kelly 

Henry A. Murray 

Sidney M. Jourard 


Don Cooper 

Ira Progoff 
David Riesman 
Carl R. Rogers 

James F. T. Bugental 


Carol Guion 
Elizabeth Campbell 

Ernest G. Schachtel 


Peggy Thomason 

Anthony J. Sutich 


Josephine Van Grove 

Adrian van Kaam 


Lois Michaud, Kim Rouse 

Miles A. Vich 


Paul Norcia 

Henry Winthrop 



Logo by L.T. Brockway 


UCLA Department of Psychology, Seymour Feshback, chair 
UCLA Graduate School of Management, Fred Massarik 




The Association for Humanistic Psychology— a world wide 
network for the development of the human sciences in ways 
which recognize our distinctively human qualities— links, for 
support and stimulation, people who have a humanistic vision 
of the person; encourages others to share this view; and shows 
how this vision can be realized. 

AHP is currently adding a societal orientation to its historic 
concern with individual and interpersonal behavior. Social 
issues are now receiving increased attention in AHP 
conferences, the Newsletter and local activities. A correlated 
objective is to increase and diversify AHP membership. The 
AHP Executive Board therefore recommended a new 
membership fee schedule, a major feature of which is the 
introduction of a reduced-fee ($20) non-professional member- 
ship. The new fee schedule was approved by membership vote 
and became effective July 1, 1979. 

GENERAL MEMBERSHIP ($20) is offered to anyone who 
wishes to support AHP's goals and to participate in its 
activities. Benefits include: 

• monthly AHP Newsletter 

• discounts on AHP publications, tapes and conferences 

• discounts on special resource materials 

• voting privileges 

• general membership card 

• the opportunity to participate in chapter and network 
activitv in vour community 


Please enroll me as a member of international AHP in the category indicated below : 

COMPREHENSIVE MEMBERSHIP ($40) is offered to anyone 
who is or wishes to become professionally involved in 
humanistic approaches in the human services or who has an 
intense interest in the field. Includes benefits of general 
membership plus: 

• quarterly Journal of Humanistic Psychology 

• listing in and free copy of the new AHP Resource Directory 

• free copies of selected AHP publications 

• priority for attendance at special events 

• professional networking services 

• comprehensive membership card 


($100-500) is open to those individuals or organizations who 
wish to offer additional support of AHP. Includes benefits of 
comprehensive membership plus: 

• multiple copies of publications 

• listing of organization in the AHP Resource Directory 

• certificate for organizational support of AHP 

• discount on special AHP services: consultants, speakers, 

benefits of comprehensive memberships. 

offers lifetime 

General ( )$20 

Comprehensive ( )$40 

Amount enclosed $ 

Sustaining or organizational ($100-500) ( ) 
Sponsoring ($600-1000) ( ) 

(US money only) Check or money order payable to AHP 

325 Ninth Street, San Francisco, California 94103 





(All contributions made and dues paid to AHP are tax deductible 
to the extent permitted by law. ) 




Published by the Association for Humanistic Psychology /] j^ 

The official quarterly publication of the Association for Humanistic Psychology is 

concerned with the worth and dignity of the individual and with conditions of human 
experience and growth. Noted authors include Rollo May, Carl Rogers, Roberto As- 
sagioli and Frances Vaughan. 

Types of Articles 

Experiential reports, theoretical papers, personal essays, 

research studies, applications of humanistic psychology, 

humanistic analyses of contemporary culture, poems 

Selected Articles 

Rationale for Good Choosing Willis W. Harman 

Humanistic Services for the Elderly Ken Dychtwald 

Growing Old-Or Older and Growing Carl R. Rogers 

Crisis of Definition: Who Delivers Health Marilyn Ferguson 

Humanistic Law Enforcement Stephen Woolpert 

Toward Transpersonal Models of Roger N. Walsh and 

Person and Psychotherapy Frances E. Vaughan 

Dynamics of Peak Performance Gayle Privette 

Political Responsibility and the 

Human Potential Movement James Lafferty 

Order from: JHP Circulation Office 
325 Ninth Street 
San Francisco, CA 94103 

Editor: Thomas C. Greening 
1314 West wood Blvd. 
Los Angeles, CA 90024 


A subscription to JHP is included in comprehensive member- 
ship of AH P. 

Please enter the following subscription for year(s) 

beginning with the next issue: 

□ Individual $12 □ Institutional, $18 

□ APA member, $11 Q APA Division 32 member, $10. 

□ Payment enclosed. □ Bill me. 



State/Zip . 





• meets the needs of contemporary 
students in a changing world 

• individualized programs tailored 
to your personal goals 

For information about 

B.A. and M.A. programs 

Dr. Art Warmoth, Chairperson 
Psychology Department 
Sonoma State University 
1801 East Cotati Avenue 
Rohnert Park, CA 94928 

(707) 664-2411 



Thana-what? Is that one of those 
new occult religions? 

A. No. Thanatology is the study of 
everything that has to do with 
dying, death, and grief, and 

Aging, Widowhood, Hospice, 
Suicide, Euthanasia, Medical 
Ethics, History, Art, Death by 
Violence, Pain, Stress, Disease, 
Children's and Parents' prob- 
lems, Funerals, Cemeteries, 
Tapes, Films , Filmstrips, Video . 

To obtain information about our Book Club, 
or free subject lists in Aging, Suicide, Hospice, 
Media, Gravestone studies, Children's books, 
Women's books, and Widowhood, write to 

(212) UL8-3026 pkxxlvm.h.v.ii91Z 

The Cortes Centre 
for Human 

is moving to 


Quadra Island, B.C. 

Bennet WongM.D. and Jock McKeenM.D. 

will continue offering their highly successful 
residential programs for personal self-discovery 
and professional development: 

November 1981 - April 1982 

Workshops and retreats in scenic luxury. Enjoy the 
beauty and tranquility of Canada's Westcoast. 
Waterfront property, isolated beaches, mild climate. 
Experienced staff will provide an atmosphere of 
serenity, comfort and companionship. 

Information: Ph: (604) 876-6911 

Box 48295, Bentall Centre, Vancouver ,B .C. 
V7X 1A1, Canada 



Pursuit of education concerning human 
thought and human relations 

Your study plan is created to blend PAST 
accomplishments and WORK RELATED 
experience with new knowledge gained in 
seminars and/or tutorials. 



A unique program in the emerging discipline 
of HOLISTIC HEALTH emphasizing the inte- 
gration of theory, methodologies and practical 
treatment approaches. 

For Free Brochure Call: 
(213) 820-8418 


11681 San Vicente Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif. 90049 


A graduate institution dedicated to 

the synthesis of the great traditions 

of Eastern and Western psychology 

and philosophy. 

Accredited by the Western Association 

of Schools and Colleges, the Institute 

offers M.A. and Ph.D. programs in: 

Intercultural Philosophy & Religion 

East-West Psychology 

Integral Counseling Psychology 

Formerly the California Institute of 

Asian Studies, the Institute is located at: 

3494 21st Street, Box H 

San Francisco, CA 941 10 

(415) 648-1489, 648-3949 




For those interested in pursuing self- 
understanding, Mr. Wilber offers a radi- 
cally new and practical framework that 
clarifies the bewildering variety of psy- 
chological and religious systems. 

"Wilber might likely do for conscious- 
ness what Freud did for psychology." 

—Jean Houston 

$5.95 paper 

174 pages 


Jeanne Segal's new book — a fine tool for creating change! 

The more we know about ourselves, the more we will be 
able to enjoy the experience of living life to its fullest. Aware- 
ness is essential to extending and enhancing our well-being. 
Segal has recognized that dynamic changes in life-style 
and well-being can take place when the imagination is stimu- 
lated with new, positive images. Feeling Great leads 
you clearly and simply through 77 exercises/experiences 
that will help you develop and expand your physical, 
emotional, mental and spiritual well-being. Illustrated with 
photographs. Softcover $7.95 

Unity Press 235 Hoover Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95065 

I enclose $ in check or money order pay- 
able to Unity Press (Calif, residents must include 6'/2% sales 
tax) which includes $1.00 for postage and handling. Please 
send the books checked below. Mastercharge & Visa 
accepted. Provide full information. 
□ Feeling Great 



City State Zip 

Account No. 
Signature _ 

Feeling Great 

Jeanne Segal 

"People will be surprised 
at the extension of their health 
that will come from reading this 
book." — Gay Luce 

"Jeanne has written a guidebook to human possibili- 
ties. Drawing upon her many years of study and application 
of methods in human potentiation, she has assembled some 
of the most valuable and practical of these techniques." 
—Jean Houston 





'71s the mind that makes the body rich.' 
Wm. Shakespeare 


Trager Psychophysical Integration with Mentastics is the dynamic approach to 
movement re-education created and developed over the past 50 years by Milton 
Trager, MD. The Trager Approachsm uses consciously directed movement to 
facilitate the release of deep-seated patterns of limitation held in the mindbody. 


each. The recipients are moved gentfy and 
pieasurabiy in such a way that they experience 
the possibility of moving that freely, lightly, and 
effortlessly on their own. They learn to induce 
the same feeling experiences consciously by 

MENTASTICS— Dance-like physical move- 
ments consciously directed — mindfulness in 
motion — which maintain and enhance the 
results of the individual session leading to the 
possibility of optimal psychophysical develop- 


each professional training participants learn 
experientially through demonstrations, indivi- 
dual sessions and supervised practice. The 
progressive training track leads to certification 
as a Practitioner. 

TRAGER INSTRUCTORS are all Senior Practi- 
tioners who have been trained personally by Dr. 

sionals in medicine, psychotherapy, the per- 
forming arts, holistic health alternatives, sports 
and education — all disciplines which hold 
movement as a primary path to learning. 


with Betty Fuller, Director of the Trager institute 

AHP Conference Institute 

Friday, August 28th, 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM 

The Trager Institute is a non-profit California public benefit educational corporation foundedto 

further the development, research and teaching of Psychophysical Integration and Mentastics. 

For membership and other information contact 

The Trager Institute 

300 Poplar Avenue, Suite 5 

Mill Valley, California 94941 



"I appreciated the outstanding teaching skills of 
Norma and Philip Barretta in their INNOVATIONS IN 
work well with clients but are unable to teach the 
process. I felt the Barrettas do both admirably." 

Dorothy C. Briggs, M.S., M.F.C.C 
Teacher, Lecturer and Author of 
Your Child's self Esteem and 
Celebrate Yourself. 

For information Contact: 

P.O. BOX 413 

San Pedro, CA 90733 

Att: Peggi Bongiovanni, 

Seminar Director 
213-833-4234 or 422-4811 

innovations in 


Metaphor ** 
Clinical Hypnosis " 
Personal Power 
Weight Control 


Rome, Italy 
Los Angeles 
San Diego 

Philip F. Barretta, MA. * 
Norma P. Barretta, Ph.D. * 

(S^K-iyfT Wfi&vN- 

* certified in Neuro Linguistic Programming'" " Course approved by the B.B S.E. for M.F.C.C. Hypnosis certification 



Psycho-Physical Foundation 


Aletheia Psycho-Physical Foundation now offers a 
complete graduated series of classes with Jack 
Schwarz - internationally acclaimed teacher of 
voluntary controls and holistics. These courses 
cover such topics as: VOLUNTARY CONTROLS 

For further information about these classes or our 
non-profit foundation, please contact 

Aletheia Foundation 

515 N.E. 8th St, Grants Pass, OR 97526 

Phone 503-479-4855 



Weeklong Workshops 

Residential Program 

Training & Seminars 


Write for Schedule: 

Dept. M, P.O. Box 97 

Ojai, CA 93023 



The Reichian Movement Today 

by Dr. Charles Kelley 


the Riley method 

Body Re- education 


"... /I change in the shape of the body produces a 
change in the state of the soul. " 


Pauline Sugine 
Barbara Ruth Jackson 

Phyllis Puckett 
Sharon Deny. Ph.D. 

213/662-1229 Los Angeles 
213/876-2551 Hollywood & 

Beverly Hills 
213 791-4134 Pasadena 
213 798-8726 Pasadena 


1380 Garnet Ave. Suite E-156 
San Diego, CA. 92109 
David Riley 714/270-2456 




Bantam Books, 
666 Fifth Avenue 
New York, N.Y. 10019 

In focusing one attends to the BODILY 
SENSED "edge" of how a problem exists 
in the body. 

This process is being used in psychotherapy, 
meditation, and spiritual development. 

It has been discovered that focusing 
grounds and deepens the transpersonal 
dimension in a bodily way. 



Employing Technology, Preserving Humanity 

The World Future Society's 


Washington, D.C., U.S.A. • July 18-22, 1982 

The Fourth General Assembly promises to be even larger and more important than any previous 
meeting of futurists. Conference planners are already contacting many of the leading figures in the 
fields of communications and futurism. The exhibits at this conference should include the most 
up-to-date and innovative communication technologies available by 1982, plus prototypes and 
blueprints of future technologies. 

An event of such magnitude and importance requires careful planning, so it is extremely 
important to know how many people will attend. Accordingly, the Society is offering major induce- 
ments to register early. By sending in your registration now, you will not only save money, but you 
also will receive a variety of special benefits to help you make the most of this important event. 

Fourth General Assembly Registration Form 

To qualify for Early Bird registration rates, full payment must be received by the dates indicated. 

To register, please indicate the type and number of registrations desired, and add up the amount due: 

Full Registration by Sept. 30 

(includes welcoming reception (1981) 

and conference volume as well 
as admission to all sessionsj 

Member $135 

Non-member $155 

Economy Registration 

(includes admission to sessions 
but not Assembly volume or 
welcoming reception) 

Member $105 

Non-member $125 

Membership in the World Future Society (One year's dues) 

by Dec. 31 



by March 31 



by June 30 



after June 30 





Method of Payment 

□ Check or Money Order payable to World Future Society 

□ Credit Card (Please supply following information) 

□ Master Card □ VISA (Bank-Americard) 
Card Number 



Expiration Date 

Hotel information will be mailed to all registrants. 
Refund Guarantee: If, for any reason, your plans to attend the 
Fourth General Assembly should change, you may receive a full 
refund up to April 30, 1982, by notifying the World Future Society 
in writing. Your money will be promptly refunded. 

Important: People who enclose their membership dues with this 
form may use the members' rates for conference registration. 


State or 

Zip or 

Mail to: 

General Assembly Registration 

World Future Society 

4916 St. Elmo Avenue 

Washington, D.C. 20014 U.S.A. 






Proudly Announce 

Approval from the State of California for their 

Ph.D. and Master's Programs in Psychology 

Graduates qualify to apply for MFCC or 

Psychologist License 




* State Approved BA, MA, PhD Programs 

* Validated Life-Experience: College Credit 

* One-To-One and Small Group Clusters 

* Year 'Round Enrollment 


The following Tutors in the Behavioral Sciences are listed in the current catalog: 

Russell A. Loekhart Charles Kuell 

Roy Persons Barbara Dobrin 

Dennis T. Jaffe Eric Marcus 

Jeanne Segal Ann J. Elkin 

Thelma Moss Gerard V. Haigh 

Julian E. Burton Maurice Friedman 

William S. Latta Henry W. Gaylor, Jr. 

Mary Eberdt Jack Gibb 

S. Norman Feingold Joe Zimmerman 

Joseph A. Gengerelli 
Arthur Lerner 
Owen E. Heninger 
Hedges Capers 
Marianne Welter 
Betty Capers 
Steven Gans 
George B. Leonard 
Hugh Redmond 
John K. Wood 


International College/ 
University Without Walls 

1020 Pico Boulevard 

Santa Monica, California 90405 

(213) 399-9193 

Orange County (714) 645-1824 
Monterey (408) 624-2457 
San Francisco (408) 624-2457 
San Diego (714) 459-4368 
Sacramento (916) 486-2708 
Ventura (805) 495-8435 


International College/ 

Tutorial Programs 

1019 Gayley Avenue 

Los Angeles, California 90024 

(213) 208-6761 


The American Academy 
of Psychotherapists 

26th Annual Training Institute 
and Conference 

"Integrating Psychotherapy and the Arts" 

There will be workshops on art, music, drama, 
literature, and dance; also on tennis psychology, 
body therapy and creativity. 

The panel will include Edith Sullwold, Renee 
Nell, Jim Bugental, Dick Felder, Joanna Harris, 
Raye Birk, Celia Thompson-Taupin. 
Contact: Nan Greenlee 

42 Ardmore Road 
Kensington, California 94707 



/ \rAMIiy 



Everybody Wins 

Mendel Lieberman & 
Marion Hardie 

"This book is a 'next step' 
for those ready to center in 
themselves, without ignoring or 
leaving others who are impor- 
tant to them . . . many excellent 
techniques clearly laid out for 
resolving conflicts.' ' 

— Nancy Campbell, M. Ed. 

"Lieberman and Hardies book is excellent — one of the 
finest books on communication I've seen. Its practical coun- 
sel will help anyone who really cares about forming and 
maintaining strong, deep, vibrant relationships. I recom- 
mend the book enthusiastically." 
— Letha Dawson Scanzoni, 

co-author, Men, Women, and Change 

Change your relationships! 

This book is for those who many times have felt frustration 
and anguish in their relationships — family, work, peer and 
others — and don't like it. 

Relationships don't have to be like this! Everybody has 
to win — and everybody can win. 

Resolving Conflicts is the culmination of the author's 
extensive experience in family therapy, counseling and the 
teaching of communication skills. Affiliated with the Center 
for Human Communications, the authors have more than 
80 years combined experience — which readily shows in one 
of the finest books on relationships that has been published. 
Written with both lay and professionals in mind, the 
appendices include a course outline. Clothbound $14.95, 
Softcover $7.95 

Unity Press 235 Hoover Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95065 

I enclose $. 

in check or money order pay- 

able to Unity Press (Calif, residents must include 6'/2% sales 
tax) which includes $1.00 for postage and handling. Please 
send the books checked below. Mastercharge & Visa 
accepted. Provide full information. 

D Resolving Family & Other Conflicts 

Name. . 





Account No. 
Signature _ 









Barbara M. Roberta., LCSW, Director 
P.O. Box 155. Tarzana, Ca. 91356 (213) 342-5099 


JBrniitoooo f>Bgci]ol0gical Associates 


a new center for research, 
training and clinical practice 
in transpersonal psychology 


Dedicated to the search for the 
most effective models of reality 

The Americana Gardens 

2001 South Barrington Avenue 

West Los Angeles, CA 90025 

(213) 477-8111 (213) 477-6833 §k 


J7. £<mRptf£%,I9fc-LosJ?bigeles 
is proud to Be the pubtisher of: 

Nathaniel Aftman 
June Biermann & 
Barbara Toohey 
Nathanief Branaen 

Jean Boten, M.D. 

Sukie. Cotegrave 

Ken Itychtwa&f 

Betty EaVaras 

Marilyn Ferguson -i^^^_ 

Pierro Ferrucci 

Jerry Fletcher 

CharCcs Garjteuf 

Jean Houston 

Joe Hyams 


Arthur Kas (ow, M.D. 

&£ Richard Mites 
Timothy Leary 
George Leonard 

Ted Mann <& Ed Hoffman 
Ralph Metzner 
Dan Millman 
Thelma Moss 
Michael Murphy 
Maesimund Panos <§£ 

Jane HeimficH 
Eric Raiiny 
Tristine Rainer 
Car( Simonton, M. D., 

Stephanie Matthews- 

Simonton, & " 

James Creighton 
Stephanie Simonton 
Peggy Taylor <$£ 
The New Age Group 
Roger Walsh & 

Frances Vauqhan 
Afterto Villoldo <St 

Ken Dychtwald 

























■::: ■'■>;,■:■■:■ 







§111 FREEWA 







A— Ackerman 

(Conference Office) 
B- Moore Hall 
C- Royce Hall 
D- Dodd Hall 
E- Young Hall 
F- Franz Hall 
G— Knudsen Hall 
H— Schoenberg Hall 
I— Dickson Plaza 
I- RieberHall 
K— Residential Suites South 
L— Residential Suites North 
X— Bus Stop 
Y— Bus Stop 
Z- Bus Stop 



Abel, Paul 
Alevras, Joan 
Alexander, Shama 
Alexander, Thea 
Algiers, Martine 
Allen, David 
Allen, Deborah 
Allen, Robert 
Alsop, Peter 
Anderson, Walt 
Arnett, Marilyn 
Arons, Mike 
Ash, Paul 
August, Joe 

Balgooyen, Ted 
Baran, Joshua 
Barnes, Jr., Louis 
Barrell, James 
Barretta, Norma 
Barretta, Philip 
Bass, Bernard 
Battung, Diane 
Bennis, Warren 
Benzwie, Teresa Bender 
Berland, Georgia 
Biggs, Barbara 
Bindrim, Paul 
Bishop, Russell 
Blair, Michael 
Bottome, Paula 
Boyd-Leon, Judith 
Branden, Nathaniel 
Bransky, Mick 
Bressler, David 
Bridges, Bill 
Briscoe, Marta 
Briseno, Carol 
Bruyere, Rosalyn 
Buck, Margaret 
Bugaj, Ron 

Campbell, Elizabeth 
Canf ield, Jack 
Capacchione, Lucia 
Carter-Scott, Cherie 
Clark, Walter Houston 
Cohen, Richard 
Cohn, Claire 
Coleman, Emily 










15, 21, 34 

Conroy, Anita 
Crane, Carolyn 

David-Langer, Donna 
Davidson, Christi Anna 
Diamond, Jerry 
Doyle, Jacqueline Larcombe 


Drucker, Thomas 
Dundes, Jayne 

Eisenberg, Mignon 
Eldred, Alice 
Elfant, Allan 
Elkin, Ed 
Ericksson, Lynn 
Essien-Obot, Ingrid 
Evans, Gerald 

Fehmi, Les 

Feinberg, Jean Haskell 
Feinstein, David 
Ferguson, Marilyn 
Fiedler, Marilyn 
Field, Betty Anne 
Fine, Sidney 
Fisher, Patti 
Frankenfield, Glenn 
Franklin, David 
Freeman, Lillian 
Friedman, Milton 
Friedman, Neil 
Fryling, Vera 
Fuller, Betty 

Gach, Michael Reed 
Gaines, Andrew 
Gaines, Jack 
Gallwey, Tim 
Galyean, Beverly 
Geer, Richard 
Gerard, Janice 
Gerard, Robert 
Gilbert, Frederick 
Gillies, Jerry 
Glass, Carolyn 
Goetze, Herbert 
Goodman, Karen 
Gottlieb, Raymond 
Gould, Roger 


Goulding, Mary 



Grafton, Abigail 


Gray, Lucinda 



Greenberg, Ira 



Groff , Linda 



Greenwald, Harold 


10, 14, 

Gurtov, Mel 




Hampden-Turner, Charles 

16, 23, 29 




Hayden, Tom 



Heller, Darri 



Heller, Joe 



Henning, Jeff 



Herbert, Victor 



Herschman, Sandy 



Hickman, Jim 



Hock, Ray 


Hogan, William 



Holmes, Joan 



Holmquist, Allen 



Horn, Niela 

14, 76, 34 

11, 76 

Houston, Jean 



Huang, Al Chung-liang 

10, 11,33 



Ingrasci, Rick 




Jaffe, Dennis 

9, 14, 34 


Jaffe, Jaelline 



Janiger, Helen-Elaine 



Joseph, Tony 




Katz, Irv 



Keppe, Norberto 


Kerista Village 



Keyes, Jr., Ken 



Keys, Donald 



King, Jim 



Kinney, Rodney 


15, 18 

Kinst, Judith 



Kirsch, Joel 



Kong, Cynthia 



Krippner, Stanley 



Krupnick, Louis 



Kudura, Karimu 




Lacy, Linda 



LaMere, Shirley 



Lane, Lois 



Langer, Stu 



Larkin, Judith 


Parker, Don 


Smith, Riley 

14, 17 

Leon, Donald 

\ 14, 27 

Payne, Bern ice 


Sobky, Red a 


Leonard, George 

9, 15,33,35 

Pemberton, Olive 


Society of Emissaries 


Leventhal, Judy 


Peters, George 


Solkov, Maurice 


Lipkis, Andy 


Philleo, Bob 


South, David 


deLone, Talia 


Pine, Pamela 


Spiegel, Daisy 

14, 18 

Long Walker Dakota 


Prem Das 


Squire, Morris 


Loom is, Evarts 


Prentice, Donald 


Stauffer, Edith 


Lowell, Jacqueline 


Privette, Gayle 


Stewart, Lynn 


Los Angeles Theatre Alliance 

Storm, Hyemeyohsts 


Lucas, Winaf red 


Ralphe, David 


Styron, Annie 


Luce, Gay 


Ramey, Grant 


Sullivan, Joan 


Lyons, Warren 


Rappoport, Paul 
Ravizza, Kenneth 


Swartz, Robert 


Marcus, Eric 


Reed, Verrel 


Tagawa, Cary 


Masek, Robert 


Reifler, Diane 


Tarcher, Jeremy 


Massarik, Fred 

10, 16,21,26 

Reighley, Joan 


Tessina, Tina 

14, 17 

Matson, Floyd 


Reisel, Megan 


Thomson, Sandra 


Matsuura, Keiko 


Reissman, Frank 

16, 23, 29 

3HO Foundation 


MacRitchie, Jym 


Resnick, Stella 


Tombrink, Keith 


McCarty, F. Hanoch 


Rice, Don 


Toomin, Marjorie 


McWhinney, Bonnie 


Robinson-Garfield, Natalie 


McWhinney, Will 


Rockey, Ed 


Ucko, Tom 


Meluskey, Valerie 


Rogers, Carl 


Unell, Judy 


Metzner, Ralph 


Rogers, Natalie 


Meyer, Patrick 


Rogers, Richard 


Vaughan, Frances 77, 14, 

76, 25, 35 

Meyer, Patrick 


Romano, Bob 


Veereshwar, Anand 


Michaels, Richard 


Rosenberg, Jack 


Ventresca, Tom 


Miles, David 


Rosenman, Martin 


Villoldo, Alberto 


Miller, Emmett 


Rosenthal, Neil 


deVillers, Linda 


Mische, Patricia 


Roth, Charles 


Voigt, Walt 


Mittenthal, Norma 


Roth, Gabrielle 


Moerman, Connie 


Rothbaum, Susan 


Walsh, Roger 77, 

14, 76, 25 

Moore, Jerry 


Rubenfeld, Frank 


Walter, Sidney 


Murdock, Maureen 


Rubenfeld, liana 


Warren, James 


Murphy, Marilyn 


Rubin, Arline 

14, 79 

Weaver, Judyth 


Murphy, Michael 


Rubin, Michele McNichols 


Weckler, Nora 
Weinstein, Deborah 


Naisbitt, John 


Scheele, Adelle 


Wenger, Win 


Nebadon, Michael 


Schenk, Roy 


West Coast Exercise Company 72 

Nelson, Alan 


Schonbrunn, David 


Whizin, Bruce blue cloud 


Noebel, David 




Winter, Paul 


Norcia, Paul 


Schwartz, Leni 


Wise, Anna 

10, 20, 26 

Segal, Jeanne 


Wolf, Steve 


Oaklander, Violet 


Segal, Robert 


Ossorio, Michael 


Seligson, Marcia 


Zakon, Zachary 


Otto, Herbert 


Sharon, Jim 


Zeller, David 

11, 14 

Overin-Slobin, Kathleen 


Shore, Susan 


Ziemer, Danny 


Simonelli, Harlene 


Ziemer, Susan 


Pacheco, Claudia 


Sirota, Golda 


Zuker, Elaina 




General Instructions 

To register complete this form and mail with full payment — 
check or money order — made out to AHP to: AHP, Kim 
Rouse, 325 Ninth Street, San Francisco, California 94103. 

For information call (415) 626-2375. 

Please use a separate form for each person registering. Note 
that this form is for registration fees and membership only. 
Housing reservations are handled by UCLA. Deadline for 
housing reservations is July 27, 1981. Contact UCLA 
Conference Office, Rieber Hall, 310 De Neve Drive, Los 
Angeles, California 90024; 213-825-5305. 

members. An additional discount is available to Conference 
registrants who also register for two Institutes and/or a 
Community (see Packages A, B, C). 

Group Rates 

Five or more people who submit their registration at the 
same time and register for the Conference or the same 
Package, receive the following rates: 

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refundable handling charge, will be refunded upon receipt 
of written request sent to AHP's San Francisco office by 
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by the San Francisco office. No refunds after August 10, 
1981. No refunds on AHP membership dues. 

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We are accepting credit card registration, both through the 
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and over, you and a friend 65 or over can both register for 
the price of one. You must both register for the conference 
or the same Package, and send your registration forms in 









(August 28-September 1) 
Canfield & Bishop Institute 
(August 26-28) 
Institutes (August 27) 
Institutes (August 28) 
Post-Conference Communities 

$ 95 

$ 55 
$ 55 
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$ 55 
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19th ANNUAL 

Your Self, 
Your World 

Here are a few of the featured presenters: 

Al Chung-liang Huang 

Alberto Villoldo 

Betty Fuller 

Bill Bridges 

Carl Rogers 

Charles Hampden-Turner 

David Zeller 

Dennis Jaffe 

Floyd Matson 


Gay Luce 

George Leonard 

Harold Greenwald 

Hyemeyohsts Storm 

liana Rubenfeld 

Jack Canfield 

Jacqueline Larcombe Doyle 

Jean Houston 

Jeanne Segal 

John Naisbitt 

Marilyn Ferguson 

Mike Murphy 

Natalie Rogers 
Niela Horn 
Patricia Mische 
Paul Winter 
Rick Ingrasci 
Stanley Krippner 
Stella Resnick 
Tim Gallwey 
Tom Hayden 
Walt Anderson 
Will Schutz 

imber 1824, 

198 J 


«, Then 

up in an 

i, stabbed 

te out. That 

•ord out. Called 

,e," it's a com- 

;ne of her perfor- 

che visual effect it 

) her live show. Her 

e, on New Wave 

sly edited to exploit 

■alistic parts of her 

« sexual references in 

there is blood, but 

o see more than that. 

.he people that come 

again, the ones who 

Uand what she says 

• ones who are start- 

; of her wild barrage 

.ight into Went came 

tor Tom Murrin per- 

definite monologue, 

d his props, possibly 

who often seems to be 

t what she does. But 

s show was light and 

id none of the emotional 

it's best performances 

ne chaotic energy, her 

nes separates her from 

d performers. In a way 

->{ the times, and her 

and roll is obvious. Ig- 

g of raw power, and if 

!se, then she is definite- 

r, the energy that comes 

nd total passionate in- 

.me passion that caused 

to smash guitars, of 

ntrollably grind his hips. 

nna may use a different 

;age is the same. Peop'-J 

d once again. ■ 

BOOKS continued from page 22 

Where Abbott sees revolution pound- 
ing in every prisoner's breast, I see a crav- 
ing to watch more television cartoons. For 
every prisoner that will cover a brother's 
back, there are ten who will not. Whoever 
said there is honor among thieves just 
had to have been a thief. 

Abbott is very good at understanding 
the "reverse racism" in prison and the 
fact that most prison violence is not inter- 
racial. Black on black, white on white, or 
brown on brown. Just like outside. 
However, also like outside, when it does 
become interracial, an incident can lead 
to tribal warfare. 

So I start out reviewing Jack Ab- 
bott's prison experience and end 
up telling my own thoughts. Every 
American prisoner does that. We are con- 
ditioned to make prison an individual ex- 
perience. Compare. Why did he get two 
milks and, I only one? Are you Medium or 
Max? How come I got ten years and he 
only five for the same thing? Is he a 
squealer? Can I take him? 

Prison is a sniveler's supermarket. A 
place you learn jealousy, suspicion and 
hatred. It originates with how people get 
to be prisoners. One class is after all judg- 
ing another. There are not "all kinds 
here" as the tour guides claim. Here is 
where Abbott's courage ventures the fur- 
thest. In the end he declares himself to be 
a communist, for only communists will help 
prisoners. He risks thousands of well- 
meaning people closing ranks on him, 
risks being judged before his day in the 
arena of ideas, because, given our 
"democracy," we are free to choose 
everything but that! 

This declaration, this fixation with 
"American injustice" as opposed to 
"human nature" turns the passive reader 
into active prison guard. Abbott waves 


the red flag, his turn at matador. He cor- 
ners you against the wall; you must think 
and act too quickly to survive. With his 
description of prison life he shoves in the 
sword, with his blunt politics he yanks it 
straight up to your brain. 

Abbott is not filled with self-pity. He is 
not crying for mercy. He is toughing it 
out, laying all his cards on the table, the 
way Gary Gilmore did at the end. They 
are very close in spirit . . . Jack Henry Ab- 
bott is out among you now. Do not 
welcome him back. He has not been there 
before. Yet listen to this man's song.B 

Editor's note: This review was written 
before events overtook the book 's author. 
Abbott was released from prison June 6, 
flown to New York and met by Mailer, 
who gave him a job as a researcher and 
entry into New York 's literary circle. Lit- 
tle more than a month later, Abbott walk- 
ed into the Bini-Bon Cafe on East Third 
Street and got into an argument — more 
a discussion according to witnesses — 
with a 22-year-old bartender named 
Richard Adan, himself a poet and play- 
wright. The two went outside but only Ab- 
bott came back. Adan was found dead 
with a knife in his chest. Abbott stayed 
around New York a few more hours, then 
disappeared. When last heard from, he 
was in Mexico. What Abbott may have 
done does not negate what he has written. 
In fact, it merely provides a bloody coda. 

Abbie Hoffman is the author of seven 
books. His latest. Square Dancing in the 
Ice Age, will be published next spring by 
G.P. Putnam and Sons. He is currently 
serving a 1-3 year prison term for a co- 
caine sale. Recently he was transferred 
from a maximum security prison to a 
work release program at the Lincoln Cor- 
rectional Facility in Harlem. 

ir Ad By Mail 

L.A. WEEKLY, 53M Sunwt, Let A nyMi, C A *0©17 
Payment NMMUHV With Copy F=g^ ~^ 

Fr«« P«ri< nalfi Sand ehaett or money order. 

4 line maximum, 6 pt. only 

■, cpips _ no solicitations Mam 

— ">s only 





a guide to indian powwows in the southland 


The L.A. area may not be Indian territory, but it's close— close 
enough to support a significant number of Native American activi- 
ties hosted by the Southland's Indian and non-Indian communities. "If 
the metropolitan area of Los Angeles were a reservation," says Steven 
Stallings, president of the United Indian Development Assn., a firm 
designed to help Indians in business, "it would be the second-largest 
population center of Native Americans in the country." (The largest 
would be the Navajo Nation.) 

And with that substantial a popula- 
tion, and with interest in Native Ameri- 
cana among non- Indians at a high peak, 
the presence of powwows on Southland 
calendars is becoming the rule rather 
than the exception. 

The word powwow is an Algonquin 
term meaning a gathering for social, 
spiritual, business or religious purposes. 
But thafs just the tip of the tepee. Al- 
though some powwows still exclude the 
public, many of them welcome all who 
wish to attend and offer outsiders a 
glimpse of the richness of Native Amer- 
ican heritage. 

Contemporary powwows reflect the 
cultures of the Plains Indians of many 
generations past. They focus primarily 
on dancing and drum singing (those 
playing the drums are referred to as 
singers). Today's powwows are less ex- 
clusive than those of the past in another 
way— they celebrate and foster Pan In- 
dianism, the recognition of all Indian 
people regardless of tribe. Although tri- 
bal identity remains of consequence, In- 
dians of different tribes nowadays chat 
and dance together and participate 

jointly in the business proceedings of 
the powwow. 

And that business, whether spiritual 
or secular, is important, according to 
Melvyn Deer, a Rialto School District 
resource instructor who has taught In- 
dian studies. Most of what you may see 
at a powwow is done with a purpose, he 
says. "What may look repetitious to you 
is, to the Indian, very symbolic and 

Some powwows are "national" in 
scope. They are large annual events, of- 
ten outdoors, that last several days or 
over a weekend. They are attended by 
Native Americans from many parts of 
the United States. Some camp out in te- 
pees, others in the more up-to-date fa- 
cilities of a motor home. 

Anyone can attend a public powwow, 
but first it might be worthwhile to 
know more about them. 

Monthly powwows are held indoors. 
Many are free, although some charge a 
small admission fee to defray expenses. 
Powwows don't always start on time, 
but the waiting is usually forgotten 
once the drums (Continued on Page 4) 

■- — 


lames Nightwalker, a Cheyenne, takes part in a traditional dance, at left, and in a flag cere- 
mony. Above, three Indians dressed in their finest tribal garments practice steps for a dance. 













// you know who they are, you have three of the answers. Learn their identities on Page 11. 


a chance to show what you know about quotations 


Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, "I 
hate quotations. Tell me what you 
know." If you side with Emerson, you 
had better read something else, because 
this is a quiz to determine what you 
know about quotations, 24 of which are 
given below. Below each are listed five 
names, from which you are to identify 
the person responsible for the saying. 
The answers are on Page 11. 

1. "I shall return." 
(a) Muhammad Ali, (b) Douglas 

MacArthur, (c) Napoleon, (d) Amelia 
Earhart, (e) Judge Crater. 

2. "I never met a man I didn't like." 
(a) Dale Carnegie, (b) Howard 

Hughes, (c) Don Rickles, (d) Will Ro- 
gers, (e) Mae West. 

3. "Candy is dandy, but liquor is 

(a) Robert Benchley, (b) W. C. Fields, 
(c) Ulysses S. Grant, (d) Dean Martin, 
(e) Ogdf.ii Nash. 

4. "Neither a borrower nor a lender 

(a) John Jacob Astor, (b) Jack Benny, 

(c) Ross Eugene Fields (a/k/a Harold 
Smith), (d) Benjamin Franklin, 
fe) William Shakespeare. 

5. "The reports of my death are great- 
ly exaggerated." 

(a) Ambrose Bierce, (b) Aimee Sem- 
ple McPherson, (c) James C. Brady, (d) 
Lazarus, (e) Mark Twain. 

6. "I have not yet begun to fight." 
(a) George Armstrong Custer, 

(b) Roberto Duran, (c) John Paul Jones, 

(d) George Patton, (e) George Wash- 

7. "And so to bed." 

(a) James Boswell, (b) Johnny Car- 
son, (c) Xaviera Hollander, (d) Samuel 
Pepys, (e) Rip van Winkle. 

8. "When the One Great Scorer comes 
to write against your name— he marks 
not that you won or lost — but how you 
played the game." 

(a) George Allen, (b) George Gipp, 

(c) Vince Lombardi, (d) Grantland 
Rice, (e) Amos Alonzo Stagg. 

9. 'The chief business of American 
people is business." 

(a) Calvin Coolidge, (b) Henry Ford, 
(c) Karl Marx, (d) John D. Rockefeller, 

(e) Alexis de Tocqueville. 

10. 'Turn on, tune in, drop out." Hi 
(a) Abbie Hoffman, (b) Timothy! 

(Leary, (c) Marshall McLuhan, (d) Jerry! 
Rubin, (e) Fred Silverman. 

11. "Nothing is certain but death and 

(a) Aristotle, (b) Benjamin Franklin, 
(c) Joseph Granville, (d) Herbert 
Hoover, (e) John Maynard Keynes. 

12. "England expects every man will 
do his duty." 

I \ 

(a) Prince Charles, (b) Winston 
Churchill, (c) Lord Kitchener, (d) Lord 
Nelson, (e) Duke of Wellington. 

13. "Oh, what a tangled web we 
weave when first we practice to de- 

(a) Clifford Irving, (b) Henry Wads- 
worth Longfellow, (c) Tamara Rand, 

(d) Walter Scott, (e) William Shakes- 

14. "1 wouldn't want to belong to any 
club that would accept me as a mem- 

(a) Woody Allen, (b) Art Buchwald, 

(c) W. C. Fields, (d) Groucho Marx, 

(e) Mae West. 

15. 'This generation of Americans has 
a rendezvous with destiny." 

(a) Jerry Brown, (b) John F. Kenne- 
dy, (c) Richard Nixon, (d) Franklin D. 
Roosevelt, (e) John Wayne. 

16 lor all sad words of tongue oi 
pen, the saddest are these: 'It might 
have beenf " 

(a) Robert Frost, (b) Hubert Humph- 
rey, (c) Magic Johnson, (d) Vince Fer- 
ragamo, (e) John Greenleaf Whittier. 

17. "Necessity is the mother of inven- 

(a) Alexander Graham Bell, (b) Tho- 
mas A. Edison, (c) Frank Zappa, 

(d) Anonymous, (e) Plato. 

18. "Injustice is relatively easy to bear; 
what stings is justice." 

(a) William O. Douglas, (b) H. L. 
Mencken, (c) John Mitchell, (d) Will 
Rogers, (e) Perry Mason. 

19. "All the news that's fit to print." 
(a) Carol Burnett, (b) Benjamin 

Franklin, (c) Horace Greeley, (d) Joyce 
Haber, (e) Adolph S. Ochs. 

20. "Familiarity breeds contempt." 
(a) Aesop, (b) Sigmund Freud, 

(c) Michelle Marvin, (d) Emily Post, 

(e) Abigail Van Buren. 

21. "Nothing astonishes men so much 
as common sense and plain dealing." 

(a) Ralph Waldo Emerson, (b) Tho- 
mas Paine, (c) Ronald Reagan, 

(d) Harry S. Truman, (e) Cal Wbrth- 

22. 'To err is human, to forgive di- 

(a) Gerald Ford, (b) Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, (c) Ralph Nader, (d) Alexan- 
der Pope, (e) Willie Sutton. 

23. "Truth is stranger than fiction." 
<a) P. T. Barnum, (b) Lord Byron, 

(c) Abraham Lincoln, (d) Robert L. 
Ripley, (e) Ben Bradlee. 

24. "Nothing in life is so exhilarating 
as to be shot at without result." 

(a) Ambrose Bierce, (b) Winston 
Churchill, (c) Gerald Ford, (d) George 
Patton, (e) Harry S. Truman. 


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It 1 




6 Part V / Monday. June 8, 1981 

Book Reviews 

A View of Earth 
in the Year 2081 


2081: A Hopeful View of the Human Future by Gerard K. O'NcilJ 
(Simon & Shuster: $14.95) 

What if we earthlings succeed in not blowing each 
other up in the next few decades? Gerard K. O'Neill, 
professor of physics at Princeton, hiker, flier, sail-plane 
operator, biker, futurist and all around bon vivant thinks 
there's a good chance we won't, and that our children, 
even our grandchildren, will more or less be here 100 
years from now. O'Neill thinks if we can just tiptoe 
through the next 30 years, we have an extremely good 
chance of making it, insuring the immortality of the hu- 
man race, if not on an individual basis, at least on the 
terms that we've always been on ; our progeny will sur- 

And what then? Assuming they do, and there isn't the 
holocaust some of us fear, O'Neill undertakes to tell us 
about this planet of the future— Earth 100 years from 
now. And from the beginning he's arguing— not with 
the doom-sayers, why bother arguing about that?— but 
with some staid scientists of his acquaintance who be- 
lieve that earthlings should be conservative, who think 
of the planet as a most limited repository of energy and 
sources and aim for a steady state society. 

Forget that! is Neill's position. Because in 1969 O'Neill 
did a study to show conclusively that the United States 
has the technology to zoom into space and live there: 
"My new and upsetting conclusions were that we could 
build space colonies relatively soon, within the limits of 
known engineering practice, out of ordinary materials; 
that the colonies could be large, as much as a hundred 
square miles in land area; and that they could be, if we 
so desired, very 'Earthlike.' " Once these colonies were/ 
are constructed, the human race will be "unkillable," 
since the colonies will be dispersed throughout the ga- 
laxy, impervious either to the threat of all-out nuclear 
war (which the professor considers unlikely in any 
case), or the random attempts of wacko-political ter- 
rorists, which he does consider quite likely. 

4-Part Approach 

"A Hopeful View" is divided into Four Parts: I, sur- 
vey of the works of past future -prophets, where and 
how they went wrong in their predictions and how they 
succeeded. II, a section on what O'Neill calls the five 
"Drivers" of our modern society, those new discoveries 
that will change, in his view, our present into the future. 
III. a "Utopia" section; the Earth of 2081 is reported on 
by "Eric Rawson," a fictional young man whose dull 
prose style can perhaps be excused on the grounds that 
he has spent his childhood and adolescence on a very 
far-away space colony. IV, a section called "Wild 
Cards;" O'Neill casts caution to the winds and looks 
further than the next 100 years . . . 

O'Neill insists upon change. He says we were not 
made for comfort, but to reach the stars. He says that if 
we do make it through the next 30 or 40 years, and get 
off our figurative duffs and out there into space, "the 
eternals of love and hope and laughter will still be there 
too. . . ." 

But there is an extraordinary shift between the vision 
of paragraphs like this, and the actual future O'Neill 
constructs. Consider, for instance, his five "drivers of 
society"; Computers, which are going to do more and 
more. Automation, robots on car assembly lines, that 
sort of thing. Space colonies, whose inhabitants will 
spend a good deal of time making and exporting arts- 
and- crafts, like stained glass windows. Energy, more, 
post-nuclear energy. Communications, what we have 
now, only more of it. 

Reading Part II, you can't help but feel that O'Neill is 
right. There probably are going to be robots that va- 
cuum and holographs to help do grocery shopping and 
underground travel that doesn't bump and great big 
shells to turn New England towns into "perfect" Po- 
lynesian climates. 

And in Part III, his Eric Rawson, visiting space colo- 
nial, has the leaden bonk of truth. He takes a long dull 





by Bll Keane 

Copyright 198 

■ Vegiitar and T« 

Syndicate, l<* 


x PJ's touching the map ball." 

trip on a spaceship to Earth where some folks in Water - 
ford, Conn., take him in. They all eat breakfast in a room 
where they can see giant television/holograph rendi- 
tions of the canals of Venice. The family goes shopping 
by holograph. The father conducts interviews by com- 
puters. The daughter introduces Rawson to people who 
choose to chop their own food. He takes trips all over 
the place in planes that take off and land automatically, 
and in trucks that drive automatically, and watches sce- 
nery that shifts at the push of a button. 

O'Neill predicts— through Rawson— that almost ev- 
eryone will have an identification (anklet), a tool of 
such surveillance that crime will be crushed, our chil- 
dren will be safe. Because of all the automation people 
will be free to pursue hobbies, develop leisure time acti- 
vities. Because of the post -petroleum age, and much 

Please see EARTH, Page 8 



Marhlsma: Women and D 

Grace Lichtenstein 
vious articles into a si 
and professional risks, 
it does not quite rise tc 

ing her many conclus 
sential quality of darin 

The book has a part 
does not apologize noi 
right. Lichtenstein is 
one that will accept h( 
great deal of leeway ir 
several heroines. 

Even granting that h 
The first is her objectiv 

Lichtenstein begins I 
investigation of her con 
who take risks and brei 
reader is never quite su, 
study of risk-taking won 
the author's feelings tow 
never resolved. 

Secondly, the author ; 
augment her original art 
by nature descriptive bui 
article, a reader is intert 
character portrayed. In a 

Insight is not somethin, 
the women she lionizes an> 
them are unidimensional i 
out who the author's heroi 
about their own goals or ni 

Finally, the author mix* 



lies hea-' 
I on the 
iond." It 



♦ 652 
<? 8 7 4 3 

♦ 542 



vll Pass 

xpert Roger 
;vil eye. He 
i saw the fu- 
1 giving up a 
I take their 
lid be down 

Instead, Bates drew just two rounds of 
trumps and ran the hearts. This would 
work if the opponent with heart length 
had the missing trump. The odds were 
against this, since the player with only 
two trumps had more room in his hand 
for heart length, but it's better to be a 
slight underdog than to have no chance 
at all. 

East had to follow to the hearts, and 
West was helpless since he had no 
trumps. Bates discarded dummy's diam- 
ond losers and them ruffed his low 
diamond in dummy, assuring the slam. 

Art Festival Slated 
at Children's Museum 

"Fences" will be the theme of an en- 
vironmental art festival 1 to 4 p.m. on 
June 27 at the Children's Museum, 310 
N. Main St. Participants will create an 
environment from sheets of cardboard, 
old fences, webs and doors. Fee is 50 
cents per person. 

Some other special summer activities 
coming up at the museum will include 
"Bubbles on Wednesdays," every Wed- 
nesday June 24 -Aug. 26 from all a.m. to 
3 p.m. (admission 15 cents), a kite and 
banner making workshop July 18-19 
and a "chalk-in" on the museum sidew- 
alks on Aug. 8-9. 

*& T 




Monday, June 8, 1981 /Part V 5 

Debutantes, find your 


dress at N-M. 

Your special dress takes more 
time and thought in the choosing, 
and the fabric, color and detail 
must be exactly right. N-M un- 
derstands this in our exception- 
al collection from designers 
like Bianchi, Ron LoVece and 
Jeanne's Fantasia. Traditional or 
innovative, you'll find just the 
style to suit your personality. 
This week, come in to the Bridal 
Salon and let us personally help 
you choose yours. 

When you meet at 
the N-M Club, 
you keep very 
exclusive company. 

Welcome to a gathering place of 
N-M's own private label sports- 
wear, tailored to your discrim- 
inating specifications. Here, 
some of our newest (and most 
exciting) arrivals: the cotton 
corduroy blouson, 98.00. Cotton 
ankle banded pant, 85.00. Both 
sizes 4 to 12. Sport Shop. 


-5JL^ e> V T^" 

P>\l &+>. 



Selections from the Personology of Henry A. Murray. 
Edited by Edwin S. Shneidman. 
641 pp. New York: 
Harper & Row. $35. 


IN writing about Henry Murray it is nearly impos- 
sible to avoid falling into cliches. A Renaissance 
man. A legendary figure. One of the pioneers of 
contemporary psychology. And so on. They are all 

What is most dazzling about the man and the career 
is his extraordinary versatility, the protean nature of 
his talents and achievements. He has been the follow- 
ing, in (rough) chronological order: an athlete, an un- 
dergraduate student of history, a playboy, a physi- 
cian, a surgeon, an embryologist, an anatomist, an or- 
thodox psychoanalyst, an unorthodox psychoanalyst, 
the co-inventor of the Thematic Apperception Test, 
the director of Harvard's Psychological Clinic, one of 
the fathers of the experimental study of personality, 
our Government's chi e f select or of und ercover age nts 
dunhg World War II, me^rime^deyeioperx>f complex 
assessment metno ds in the study of personality, an 
adoring student and scholar of the life and works of 
Herman M el ville. 

When someone has done so much, we assume he has 
done it easily, that he has moved gracefully from tri- 
umph to triumph. But in the compelling autobiograph- 
ical narratives included in this book, we learn that Dr. 
Murray developed quite slowly, even haltingly. He 
tells us that he was not an especially gifted student, 
that he received below-average grades during most of 
his formal schooling. We also learn of the traumatic 
and bungled eye surgery performed on him during his 
childhood — performed without warning, and on a din- 
ing room table — which left him handicapped in cer- 
tain athletic skills and prob- 
ably caused the stammer 
that tormented him during 
much of his life. We learn 
how difficult it was for him to 
attain academic recognition, 
those very qualities we find 
so admirable — the richness 
and breadth of mind and ex- 
perience proving deeply of- 
fensive to the academic 
Philistines of the time, so 
much so that he was not 
granted tenure at Harvard 
until he was 55 and world fa- 
mous. Fifty-five! 

It is not clear in what spirit 
Dr. Murray endured these 
setbacks, but endure them he 
surely did. No doubt it helped 
that he was born to wealth 
(his mother, he tells us, had 

Joseph Adelson is profes- 
sor of psychology at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan and edi- 
tor of the "Handbook of Ado- 
lescent Psychology." 

Henry A. Murray. 

"seven domestics" to supervise) in a Manhattan mi- 
lieu strikingly reminiscent of mat occupied by the 
James family; hence he was never constrained by 
economic anxiety. One also senses that he developed a 
strong inner confidence in being deeply cared for by 
an indulgent father and fussed at and over by a brisk 
and perhaps overattentive mother. That confidence 
might also have been responsible for the intellectual 
risk-taking we see throughout his career. The career 
did not evolve. It was marked by disjunctions and epi- 
phanies, by fortuitous encounters that led to radical 
shifts of interest — e.g., his meeting with Carl Jung, 
which left Dr. Murray transformed; or his being 
asked by the ship's surgeon on a trans-Atlantic voyage 
to assist at an emergency operation, which led to a dis- 
cussion of Melville and in turn to Dr. Murray's pas- 
sionate absorption in that author's work. 

We soon become so entranced by the Murray person- 
ality and career that we lose sight of the occasion — 
this excellent collection of his writings, intelligently 
selected and introduced by Edwin Shneidman, one of 
Dr. Murray's most distinguished students and a cele- 
brated scholar of suicide. "Endeavors in Psychology" 
includes all of Dr. Murray's best-known papers and 
beyond that provides a representative sampling of the 
scope of his writing, no easy task in view of his re- 
markable range. Among much else we are given the 
following: his biographical -cum-critical articles on 
Melville, some brilliant polemics against sectarian- 
ism in psychology, two charming and revealing au- 
tobiographical essays, examples of his pioneering 
work in personality assessment, and the seminal writ- 
ings designed to develop a theoretical framework for a 
psychology of personality. 

Not since William James h as there been an Ameri- 
can psychologist so versatile, nor has anyone else 
written with equal verve and boldness. Who else but 
Dr. Murray could have prepared an address for the 
American Psychological Association entitled "The 
Personality and Career of Satan" — an address rang- 
ing in tone and topic from the teasing of the audience 
for its "immaculate Scientism" to a bravura display 
of erudition in biblical studies, church history, medie- 
val philosophy and almost everything else under the 
sun (and moon). That address strikes me as quintes- 
sential^ Murrayan in its display of the grand and 
good-natured impudence that has marked his public 
career: drawing upon profound humanistic learning 
for the sake of American psychologists, who are as a 

group not noted for hu 
manistic attainment; 
talking about theology to 
an audience relentlessly 
secular in its outlook; 
and treating the question 
of evil before listeners 
whose sensibility is 
deeply though uncon- 
sciously anti-Mani- 

And in choosing to dis- 
cuss Satan, the arche- 
typical figure of rebel- 
liousness, Dr. Murray is 
also telling us something 
about himself and his 
place in the history of 
psychology. He has de- 
voted much of his career 
to creative opposition 
against the mindless 
positivism that aca- 
demic psychology can 
never quite seem to disa- 
vow once and for all, 
and, in that respect, for 
Continued on Page 33 


Good Man 


By Park Honan. 

Illustrated. 4% pp. New York: 

McGraw-Hill. $19.95 


THE world was lucky to see him born, this man 
who knew so acutely the fate he had to escape 
by his wits, the fate of modern man, "Wander- 
ing between two worlds, one dead,/ The other power- 
less to be born." 

Matthew Arnold was not born to wander in some 
limbo. He walked through this world. He rebuffed the 
temptations of powerlessness, and he shouldered the 
responsibilities of power. He was a poet who brought 
home not only the false complacency in Victorian 
cities, but "the eternal note of sadness" even in the 
happiness to be found at Dover Beach. He was a critic 
who knew that it was crass to use the good as the 
enemy of the best (and so to sink into second-rate com- 
fort), and to use the best as the enemy of the good (and 
so to sink into first-rate despair). 

He had a prophet's awareness that religion in his 
day could not afford to entrench itself in facts which 
could all too substantially be refuted, or behind myths 
which could all too insubstantially scorn the whole 
idea of refutation. He had, too, the force of a social 
seer and could sting the conscience of a nation with the 
most unanswerable of laconic reminders: That it 
would not do to turn aside from mass suffering by 
murmuring that "it is the result of Nature's simplest 
laws" ; that all was not well with England when a news 
item could report infanticide and say flatly of the 
mother, "Wragg is in custody"; that "in order to at- 
tach Ireland to us, English people have not only to do 
something different . . . they have to be something dif- 

Arnold himself, a great and good man, both did and 
was something different — and not only because 
greatness is by definition different, or because the 
combination of greatness and goodness is desolatingly 
rare. Robert Browning sent to Arnold's widow "a 
word, true as Truth's self, that tells you I shall hold in 
veneration — to my own dying day — the memory of 
one of the noblest and best men I ever knew and ever 
loved." Veneration for Arnold must partly be for his 
being not only different from others, but for his having 
become so different from his own earlier self or 

So gratitude for Park Honan's new life of Arnold 
could begin with its conveying, as no previous evoca- 
tion of Arnold has done, the greatness and goodness 
with which Arnold, until his dying day, remade a self 
which most of us would reasonably have been content 
to leave well alone. It is for this dramatic, and unmelo- 
dramatic, sense of Arnold's growth, of the critical 
spirit which he so creatively turned upon himself and 
which was always (as in his criticism) a strengthener 
and not a dissolver , that this book is especially to be 
valued. Arnold's critical spirit had been turned upon 
the very word "development" (who but a self-impor- 
tant person could use the word about himself?) when 

Christopher Ricks has edited the poems of Alfred 
Lord Tennyson and has written a critical biography of 

he wrote to his friend Clough: "The period of my 
development (God forgive me the d — d expression!) 
coincides with that of my friendship with you." The 
period of Arnold's development coincided with that of 
his life. 

From verse accomplishments to poetic achieve- 
ment; from "vanity & love of ease — and admiration 
of rank & fashion" (his mother's criticisms of him as a 
child) to the assiduity, the indeflectable conscience 
and the gentle solicitude of the Inspector of Schools; 
from the condescension of this suave young man to- 
ward women to the respectful and grief-stricken love 
which Arnold both gave and gained in marriage ; from 
the lecturer who, when he began as professor of poetry 
at Oxford, was hasty or bluffing to the humorous ad- 
monisher who could tell home truths even in the 
United States, where he was not at home and where he 
would (eventually) be prized the more for it: On all of 
these and on many another process of brave growth, 
Park Honan is a discriminating portraitist. 

True, he says that Arnold was "lucky in his mar- 
riage," when what the book has described is not good 
luck but good management and more. Still, Arnold — 
who has been lucky in his commentators (preemi- 
nently Lionel Trilling on his cultural and political cen- 
tra lity) and in his editors (R. H. Super for the prose 
and Kenneth Allott for the poetry) — has now been 

lucky in his biographer. Except that it is not luck that 
precipitates love and devotion in a biographer any 
more than in a wife. 

As it happens, Mr. Honan is particularly enlighten- 
ing, informative and touching on Arnold's home life. 
Arnold's wife, Fanny Lucy ("Flu," in his affectionate 
banter) is alive here in her intelligence, her advisory 
tact and her motherly suffering. So are Arnold's sib- 
lings (he was one of nine children), his parents and his 
six children. Here, for the first time, is Arnold among 
all his nearest and dearest. Mr. Honan's account of 
Arnold's relation with his children is a triumph in its 
new and scrupulous documentation, its pathos and its 
humanity. Arnold was a most loving and attentive fa- 
ther, and it was vile that three of his six children — 
three of his four sons — should have died within about 
four years: Basil, not yet 2 years old; Thomas, dead at 
16; and "Budge," at 18. 

He vexed people, and still does. But it is difficult to 
complain about his superciliousness without sounding 
supercilious oneself. The classic retort to any cock- 
sure disparagement of Arnold was made by Gerard 
Manley Hopkins to Robert Bridges: "And I do not like 
your calling Matthew Arnold Mr. Kidglove Cocksure. 
I have more reason than you for thinking him very 
wrong, but nevertheless I am sure he is a rare genius 
and a great critic." 

Continued on Page 27 

The New York Times Book Review / August 9, 1981 


Continued from Page 10 

psychoanalysis; and yet also 
against psychoanalysis for its 
insularity and reductiveness. 
From the first, Dr. Murray's 
ambition has been to devise a 
psychology of personality open 
to the many domains of knowl- 
edge that can clarify the human 
condition — psycholanalysis, 
the biological sciences, anthro- 
pology, literature and the hu- 
manities. I think that struggle 
— so bitterly fought during the 
1930' s — is now largely won ; it is 
hard to imagine our slipping 
back into "immaculate Scien- 
tism." That such an idea did not 
triumph we owe in no small 
measure to the example and 
practice and preaching of 
Henry Murray. ■ 

right and left meet in classic at- 
titudes of distrust and bravado. 
By the end, some contact, at 
least on a human level, has been 

It is an interesting subject for 
a book. The misunderstandings 
and actual hatred brought about 
by the class divisions in Eng- 
land, though obviously stronger 
in the 1920's, have by no means 
, left us today. Eton, where Mr. 
; Dickinson went to school, is as 
( unlikely to throw up a trade 
e union leader as ever. The polari- 
v zation of social backgrounds 
, which was supposed to have 
j been cured by the postwar aboli- 
» tion of elitist grammar schools 
r and the advent of the demo- 
cratic comprehensive schools 
; continues still. The recent riots 
. in the inner-city areas of Liver- 
pool, Manchester and London, 
though obviously racial in some 
instances, had a strong "Us/ 
^ Them" quality. The 1981 slogan 
'Self-Defense Against All 


Oltratft 3tm£H 

Volume 9 No. 23 

July 23, 1981 

Summer Edition 

'All the news that flits" 

Times Interviews Lore!! Long 

We wanted to talk about the Peripheral Canal She wanted to talk 
about space travel We thought that her efforts toward qualifying the 
first state-wide referendum in twenty-eight years on a highly 
controversial subject in California — water — was really something 
to talk about. She called it "just a local job''' and insisted on tying its 
significance to the evolutionary phenomenon, as she called it, of 
intelligence increase. So who are we to argue? What transpired was a 
very interesting but very elaborate discussion of the future and more. 

CT: I find it odd that some- 
one into politics like yourself 
would be so interested in space ' 
travel. Doesn't space travel 
seem, well, far afield? 

LL: Not really. I doubt 
whether most people are genu- 
inely interested in politics. 
What attracts anybody to the 
political arena is the potential 
for making changes in the 
world. There are other change 
mediums — TV, Science, Art 
— Space seems to me the fron- 
tier for change. It may be the 
place where all the significant 
advances of the planet will take 
place from now on. 

CT: Do you believe that 
political action, as we now 
know it, will bring about 
significant changes in the 

LL: Not really. 

CT: That's very interesting. 
Then why do you bother? 

LL: Practice mainly. I've 
always done this. If someone 
like myself weren't around to 
alter the course of events, only 
the mean and brutal would call 
the shots in this game. 

CT: So you don't want to 
run for office or become a 
political consultant? 

LL: No. I wouldn't be good 
at it. 

CT: Well, Why did you pick 
this particular change medium, 
as you call it, if you're not in- 
terested in politics? 

LL: That's a good question. 
I don't know exactly. Someday 
I hope to find out. It's in the 
DNA I think. Something to do 

with my grandfather; some 
mission wired in up here 
(points). I'm here to make sure 
the future happens. 

CT: Weil can we tell our 
readers anything about why 
you decided to irreversibly 
alter the economic plans of 
some of the largest landowners 
in the world? Anything about 
why you have challenged the 
multi-national Goliaths — and 
successfully I might add? Your 
referendum, whether you even- 
tually win it or not, is no small 

LL: I only did my part. You 
must understand how every- 
thing works together. / only 
started it. Like moving the first 
rock in a landslide. I'm not the 
landslide. I just did my part. 

CT: You have nothing else 
to add? 

LL: Of course I do! Why 
don't you ask me what I think 
is going on? 

CT: Not about the Peripher- 
al Canal? 

LL: No. 

CT: Seriously? 

LL: Seriously. 

CT: Okay. What do you 
think is going on? 

LL: We are ready to bring 
the planet into the fulguratio 

CT: The what? 

LL: The fulguratio point. 

CT: I thought we were going \ 
to talk about politics. What's 
this stuff? 

LL: This is real change. Just 
listen for a moment. I want to 
look at the larger, planetary 

Lorell Long, outside the house her grandfather built in 
Santa Rosa, California. 

Love is a rose 

but you better 

not pick it 

It only grows 

when its on the 


Hand full of 

Thorns and you 

Know you \e 

Missed it 

You lose your 

Love when you say 

the word 


picture. We know, for in- 
stance, that evolution — and 
that is the planetary picture — 
does not proceed forward in a 
simple, linear fashion. Every 
so often there are fantastic 
leaps from one level of integra- 
tion to another. It is just this 
leap — this "thunderbolt" 
quality tha appears in life's 
progression — that led mystic 
philosophers in the Middle 
Ages to coin the word "Ful- 
| guratio. " For them it meant 
the moment of God's creative 
intervention. It was the mo- 
ment of miracle when some- 
thing new came into existence 
that was not previously there. 
Now we can use the term more 
appropriately to describe that 
invented quality we observe in 
evolution, that point of muta- 
tion. Fulguratio is the moment 
when new information coupled 
with intelligence brings about a 
synergistic leap. There is, you 
know, that significant moment 
— somewhat like the excitation 
point of the electron when it 

{continued, page 6) 

CT researches the science of es- 

Last week our staff looked 
into the subject of pardons. 
We thought we should examine 
the subject of how those 
courageous folks from the 
sixties who were condemned 
for their use of circuit freeing 
drugs might escape the final 
prison — the paper reality 
called the arrest record. We 
began by searching the political 
jungles for the best approach. 

We interviewed seasoned 
politicians and political 
professionals, and ended up 
listening to a great deal of 
gossip at the local lobbyists' 
watering holes. Amid all the 
talk and questioning, the name 
of a certain individual who 
might be willing to help us was 
frequently mentioned. SHe 
was described as a seasoned pol 
who lived the life of a recluse. 
SHe was seen only occasionally 
in the capitol. 

Those who would talk open- 
ingly about hir told us that hir 
insights were revered by capital 
warriors everywhere, and that 
SHe had the most irksome ha- 
bit of fortelling political events 
with such precision that many 
politicians held lasting grudges 
against hir. SHe could undo 
the most clever of schemes and 
expose the best kept conspira- 
cies. SHe had developed as 
many enemies as friends. This 
was someone we had to meet. 

We decided to make the 
journey to hir country abode 
where SHe remains hidden 
most of the time. Known only 
as a Scottish/Welsh psychic 
called the Pendragon of 
Penryn, SHe was not to disap- 
point us. SHe dazzled us with 
hir smile, delighted us with her 
intelligence and eventually 
gave us the best advice we were 
to encounter in all our attempts 
to find practical answers. 

My partner and I carefully 
followed the directions to hir 
house slipped to us by an 
anonymous lobbyist the night 
before in a local bar. After 
wandering through the nearby 
foothills, we found ourselves 
pulling onto a short path 
leading into the poppies and 
hollyhocks of hir front yard. 

A Search Leads 

To Some Curious 



Rare Glimpse of the Pendragon 

There we were immediately 
greeted by a friendly she- 
hound who indicated with 
several wags of her elegant tail 
that we should follow. We 
knew she was serious. Without 
hesitation, she led us to a trail 
behind the imposing but gra- 
cious two-story house that 
ended at the small, round 
natural looking hut nestled in 

among an outcropping of re- 
sponsible looking granite 
boulders. Why the Pendragon 
preferred this humble after- 
thought of a building intrigued 

The smell of blackberry 
blossoms and new hay was ev- 
erywhere. As we waited, I 
could hear giggles coming from 
inside. Finally the Pendragon 

"The tyrant has nothing more than the power that you confer 
upon him to destroy you. Where has he acquired enough eyes 
to spy upon you, if you do not provide them yourselves? How 
can he have so many arms to beat you with, if he does not 
borrow them from you? The feet that trample down your 
cities, where does he get them if they are not your own. How 
does he have any power over you except through you?'" 

— Etienne de la Boetie 

emerged, greeting us with 
polite bows and brief, pleasant 
chatter about the weather. SHe 
grabbed our hands and gave us 
reassuring little pats and 
squeezes. With hir eyers 
flashing, and hir pleasantly 
round face radiating energy, 
SHe motioned to us to enter. 
For a brief moment there I 
could not discern whether she 
was fifteen or fifty, but I took 
an immediate liking to hir. 

SHe directed us to remove 
our shoes as we entered the 
hut. SHe led us to a com- 
fortable setting of pillows and 
rugs and a small tea table 
carefully set for three. This 
cozy circle of effects seemed 
suddenly like a well appointed 
stage on which we, the unsus- 
pecting characters were being 
directed to play out some 
drama, unrehearsed and 
ignorant of plot. 

Everything had 

Everything seemed mis- 

I flipped through my note 
pad and framed a few ques- 
tions in my mind for the 
interview. We sat silently for a 
while sipping our tea — a thick 
sweet liquid that went down 
quickly — positioning our- 
selves and readying our minds 
as we always did before an 
interview. (I lead the ques- 
tioning, and my partner, like 
some alter ego, is there to 
sharpen the questions and pick 
up lost cues.) 

I don't know exactly how it 
happened, but it was the 
Pendragon who spoke first. 
We were suddenly catapulted 
into serious talk, laughing and 
joking about our fondest 
dreams and exchanging our 
ideas about the future and the 
meaning of life. 

We turned to concepts and 
suddenly I went into overdrive. 
A profusion of creative 
thoughts spilled out into the 
room and the Pendragon was 
standing, inviting us to sample 
each of them. What fun; I was 
definitely ito this. So capti- 
vated by the excitement of 
these conversations, so 
pleasant was the experience 
that we both began to forget 
ourselves altogether. 

Wandering from subject to 
subject, the Pendragon began 
waltzing us though discussion. 
Gracefully she began leading 
us into her little stories and 
(continued, page 3) 

intriguing theories. On we 
went, past her seductive 
anecdotes and amusing tales; 
point, counterpoint, corallary, 
joke; beautiful paraphrases, 
witticisms and sighs — we just 
kept drifting rapturously on. 
Lost in thought, we floated 
down a dozen canyons of 
imagination and supposition. I 
began dreaming of the planet 
folding into songs, my body y~ 
undulating with them willingly. 
Undulating! Jesus! A shot of 
adrenalin suddenly pumped 
through my veins. What is this! 
This is supposed to be an 
interview! Where's my probing 
questions? I was definitely 
upset. Everything had 
changed. Everything was mis- 
placed. I tried desperately to 
imagine the interview. Failing 
to find the appropriate 
attitude, I turned to my partner 
— but SHe was napping con- 
tentedly, and obviously of no 
help. Beginning an interview 
seemed too weird — almost 
rude. I began waving at the 
Pendragon through the haze, 
but she clearly ignored my 
alarm as she tripped on with 
confidence, gesturing, smiling, 
sipping her tea. 

I had lost my purpose here. 
How could I be of any help 
now? What a fool! And how 
clever of the Pendragon! 1 
asked the Pendragon "Is it the 
tea, or have you charmed 
me?" The Pendragon just 
smiled. She asked me if I knew 
about the origins of ethnicity 
on the planet, and wondered if 
I cared to hear the theory she 
had developed. I could see the 
glint in her eye. With a 
flirtatious smile she offered me 
more tea and gently coaxed me 
toward more discussions. I 
reached ever so slightly toward 
one of her suppositions, when I 
caught myself. 

I pulled myself up off my 
elbow, and with one agonizing 
burst of willpower I managed 
to mumble, "no thankyou, 
Pendragon." I finally remem- 
bered myself. I pursed my lips, 
straightened myself, and asked 
the Pendragon ever so kindly if 
she minded the presence of my 
tape recorder. It was slung over 
my shoulder, the bulk of it now 
having absent mindly come 
to rest beneath my buttock 
where I awkwardly if some- 
what sheepishly rescued it from 
the sins of my spreading 
sloth fullness. 

"Anything I say is worth 
repeating," she said 

She motioned for me 

to stay seated with a calming air 

that indicated I was silly to be 

so concerned. 

"I want to interview you," I 
announced. I poked my part- 
ner with determination, but I 
failed to rouse hir. I was about 
to try shaking hir vigorously 
when rather unexpectedly, a 
small, scarlet breasted bird 
flew into the hut. It circled 
several times before coming to 
rest somewhat fitfully on the 
Pendragon's shoulder. The 
Pendragon only smiled. Star- 
ing at me, her expression 
seemed to be asking me, rather 
pointedly, whether I under- 
stood this. I didn't. 

"Robert," she said, 
addressing the little bird, 
"would you be so kind as to 

show our guest the rose 
garden? I'm sure SHe would be 
most delighted to visit such a 
fine example of our country 

She wagged her finger in the 
direction of my partner. 
Robert circled once more, and 
glided to a soft landing on the 
pillow that held the uncon- 
scious brains of my poor un- 
fortunate partner. He began 
singing, I could swear, in what 
sounded like a conversational 
tone, and for a moment I felt I 
had encountered something 
beyond my nerve to experience. 

Instead of splitting (which 
was my inclination at this 

point) I watched. My partner 
bolted upright, gave me a wax- 
en, barbie doll smile and ex- 
tended her finger to accom- 
modate Robert. She then stood 
up, and with Robert in the 
lead, perched at the finger end 
of her outstretched arm, point- 
ing the way like a determined 
weather vane, she shuffled her 
way out the door. 

I stood up intending to stop 
hir when the Pendragon 
winked at me and said, "Ap- 
parently she doesn't share your 

She motioned for me to stay 
seated with a calming air that 
indicated that I was silly to be 
so concerned. I stayed. 

"I'm sorry you choose not 
to visit my more interesting 
places. You seemed to be en- 
joying our play so much. Tell 
me, are you not pleased?" 

"Oh yes, It's not that Pen- 
dragon, I just can't think, if 
you know what I mean. I need 
to think, to understand my 

"You do?" SHe said, 
looking at me with surprise. 

"Well, yes." 

"There arc many ways to 
look at information; some 
ways better than others for 
what you need. But if you have 
doubts, then I will return to 
your pencil and tape recorder 
and give you what I can." 

"I must apologize, Pendrag- 
on, this is all I have. I can't 
seem to function any other 
way. An interview is an 
interview, don't you agree?" 

"Of course," said the Pen- 
dragon, "but remember, you 
are always limited by what you 
insist on believing. Some other 
day, some future visit we will 
share other things, perhaps. In 
the meantime, I will honor 
your decision to remain en- 
sconced at +48. I'm sure 
everything will be perfectly 

Her face changed suddenly. 
Her mouth fell, her gaze 
hardened. SHe narrowed her 
expression as she folded her 
hands and raised the bridge of 
her nose. 

"So you want to know 
about politics, do you," She 
sighed. The governor, the ways 
of the Senators, the brigands 
and hanger-ons?" 

"Um, not really," I said. "I 
want to know about pardons, 
Pendragon. ' ' 

"Ah, yes!" SHe laughed, 
"How to escape the spider's 
web! The desire of the precious 
(continued, page 4) 

ones wanting a way out. It is 
always the same! My dear, 
when you play near mud, you 
are likely to get a little dirty." 

She laughed heartily now, 
throwing her head back. I 
could have sworn she bared her 
teeth (could it be?). 

"Yes indeed," said the 
Pendragon, 'I will tell you 
what I know." 

Having finally arrived, and 
now a good two hours later, 
our interview commenced: 

CT: Some time ago, as a 
result of public urging, the 
laws concerning the possession 
of marijuana were liberalized. 
However, several indivdiuals 
who were severely punished 
under these laws still suffer the 
baggage of police records and 
jail sentences. We want to 
know how we might get the 
governor to pardon these in- 
dividuals, now that the laws no 
longer apply. We would like to 
see their records cleared. What 
do you suggest. 

P of P: Pardons, pardons, 
hmm (Smiling) Governing a 
large state is like boiling a small 
fish. This is because a small 
fish can be spoiled by simply 
being handled. 

CT: I don't think I under- 
stand that. 

P of P: Most people don't. 
Let me be precise. Seeking a 
gubnatorial pardon will surely 
call attention to the issue of 
drugs, the sixties, crime, re- 
bellion, etc. Memories will be 
rekindled, idiots will surely 
fuss. This approach will no 
doubt be avoided by the gover- 
nor who knows that once an 
issue is made visible, opinons 
will surely be preferred, camps 
will form — once the fish is 
handled it will spoil. The 
governor will never openly 

consider a pardon on such a 

CT: Then what can we do? 
We were under the impression 
that a pardon was the only 

P of P: There is more than 
one valley here in which to 
search for answers. May I sug- 
gest you avoid the crest, they 
are perilous and will only serve 
to exhaust your strength in the 
long run. 

CT: Which valley do you 

P of P: Have you recognized 
the patterns yet? 

CT: Which patterns? 

P of P: My dear, where have 
you been looking? 

CT: I'm sorry, I'm lost 

P of P: Very well, let me 
assure you that you will always 
see your course more clearly 
when you accurately recognize 
the patterns, (she rolls her eyes 
slowly) To begin: in three 
months, 94 of our 120 state le- 
gislators have introduced ap- 
proximately 220 different bills 
dealing with the general topic 
of Crime. I see that 66 of our 
80 assemblypersons and 28 of 
our 40 senators have each in- 
troduced at least one bill. 
Several have introduced five or 
more bills dealing with Crime. 

Maxine Waters' bill, the 
paraphenalia bill? If this bill 
passes it's likely your cookie 
sheet could become illegal. . . 
cooking criminal brownies, or 
drying pot, who knows? It's all 
very lovely, don't you see? 

CT: God, I didn't know it 
was that bad. 

P of P: It isn't. You must 
look more carefully at the 

CT: How can you say that? 
It all sounds perfectly horrible 
to me. 

P of P: My dear, there is 
absolutely no room for des- 
pair. In this business you will 

If IW^ r 

NASA scientists are studying the message for clues to the nature of 
other civilizations in space. 

Our current paranoia about 
Crime has reached such a state 
— some people urging other 
people to shoot yet other 
people on sight if said other 
people look in the least suspi- 
cious — that legislators are 
virtually stumbling over each 
other to promote an atmos- 
phere of get-tough, and burn- 
and - pillage - all - the - reform- 

My assessment for the 
record: We'll have ten years of 
hangman, followed by a new 
wave of reform. I urge you to 
take note, follow this and see if 
I am not correct. As for drugs, 
you are in no priveledged cate- 
gory. All bilk relating to drugs 
are promoting longer and 
tougher sentences. Have you 
see BUI Ivers' bill? Wonderful. 
His bill would authorize a 
mandatory 90 days for anyone 
caught possessing LSD. There 
isn't a liberal in the capitol who 
will come anywhere near 
fighting that one. How about 

never last with that kind of an 
attitude, not with your sen- 
sibilities. You simply must ob- 
serve the patterns more care- 

CT: I don't see anything 

P of P: Ah, but you are not 
looking! Let me show you. 
(Rolls her eyes slowly again). 
Who are the thirty-six who did 
not introduce crime bills? Lets 
look between the spaces for a 
moment. Why — if this law- 
making fever be so rampant — 
did these 36 fellows not catch 
it? (Laughs) You see? Look 
closer. Now. Here is a hale 
fellow, a respectable conserv- 
ative lawmaker. Senator Bill 
Campbell; powerful republi- 
can, strong supporter of anti- 
crime legislation. Why did he 
not introduce a package of 
crime bills? WeU? 

CT: I'm thinking. 

P of P: Look. The impor- 
tant thing to see is that he 
didn't have to! Mr. Campbell 

comes from a conservative, 
middle-class district. His 
election does not rest on 
proving to the faithful in his 
district that he is thinking and 
acting appropriately paleolith- 
ic. He is said to control a 
"safe" district. No one is 
trying to undo him. As for the 
others, the great crime busters, 
they are scared shitless that 
their constituents will think 
them "soft of crime" — rea- 
son enough these days to be 
thrown out on your tender 
little ischial callosities. All 
these moral giants parading 
around the capitol clutching 
their pieties see only one thing: 
ideological assassins gunning 
for them behind every ballot 
box. Their bill passing mania is 
only a ritual dance for the 
natives back home. 

Actually, a significant num- 
ber of these bills will never be 
heard. Believe me, if some of 
this stuff actually passed 
there'd be panic in the legis- 

CT: How is this information 
going to help us? 

P of P: Well, who in the 
legislature has a safe enough 
seat to deal with drug related 
legislation? It is imperative, 
you understand, that legis- 
lation be used in this case and 
not executive relief. 

CT: If you say so. But how 
would that work? 

P of P: Like this: Find a 
legislator from a district likely 
to be liberal on drug issues — 
like San Francisco. Next find a 
fairly persuasive or influential 
constituent of this legislator 
willing to suggest that he 
remedy a problem common to 
his district — namely drug law 
relief. If possible, this con- 
stituent should be prepared to 
suggest exact language that can 
be inserted directly into a bill. 
Most legislators are either 
ignorant or lazy. It will pro- 
bably be necessary to "hijack" 
an existing piece of legislation 
— that way your legislator can 
extort a vote from the hijacked 
bill's author. In fact, if he 
hijacks a bill of a powerful 
legislator he can extort an 
entire block of votes, (laughs) 
As you can see, it must be 
misery to be a piss ant in the 

By the way, the language 
appended to the hijacked bill 
need not necessarily relate to 
the bill in question. In fact it is 
better that the language appear 
to dangle between sections as 
an afterthought, (laughs) The 

(continued, page 5) 

The Rosicrucian Order 

Known as "THE ANCIENT, MYSTICAL ORDER ROSAE CRUCIS" throughout the world 
Rosicrucian Park San Jose, California 95191, U.S.A. 

August 4, 1981 

Mr. Lorell A. Long 
7993 Rock Springs Rd. 
Penryn, CA 95663 

Dear Mr. Long: 

We received your letter of July 3, and have only 
the following information to give you. Your grandfather 
was a member of AMORC for just a short period prior to 
his death, from July, 1944. Since there wouldn't have 
been much time there for AMORC to influence his writings, 
it seems that his interests and writings at least parallel- 
ed those of the Rosicrucians . 

We cannot say whether or not his interest in the 
Order was in any way connected to his relationship to 
Francis Bacon. It is possible, of course, and not unlike- 
ly, that our interests are in part derived from our 

Francis Bacon was an officer of the Rosicrucians 
during a period of his life, and his writings reflect that 
close association with Rosicrucian ideals. 

Bacon was a great proponent of the scientific method, 
a Rosicrucian mark, particularly in his times, and was 
perhaps the most gifted writer of his times in the areas of 
humanism and discovery. 

If you should come to San Jose on a weekday, you might 
want to talk to our librarian, Mrs. Campbell, on the subject 
of Bacon. 



Arthur C. Piepenbrink 




-' - 

A worldwide nonsectarian fraternity devoted to the investigation and study of the higher principles of life as found expressed in man and nature 
Universal Cable and Telegraph Address: AMORCO Telephone 408-287-9171 

J t A /. A ft £ f\ I f j|. a i s 

* ; * \ i 1 » ! l -M 

W fences SS^'aad-- 

■ --• _i 

ii^B §11111 

'*- '■<:•■ £*' 

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i ". 4 ! ; — '- : 

f She Brought Environmentalists 

«.**-. *i __ 

- ... . 

greatest challenge to a lobbyist 
is to introduce legislative 
language that is so obscure it 
escapes detection. 

CT: So the goal is to intro- 
duce legislation but escape 

P of P: Exactly. The better 
, k>u escape detection, the more 
successful you will be. One 
more thing. You are more like- 
I ly to endear yourself to the 
author of your legislation if 
\ you contribute generously to 
I his campaign war chest — go 
to his parties, arrange gifts for 
him from other prominent con- 

CT: Isn t it illegal to bribe a 

P of P: Posh! The goal is to 
merely work from within. It is 
actually a very elegant system 
that operates in the interstices 
of regulation. It would be in- 
sulting to be illegal. There is no 
bribery, per se; nothing that 
can be documented or pointed 
out. It is more that one main- 
tains a constant presence too 
valuable to be ignored. It is an 
institution, and it is carried out 
in the highest of circles every- 

CT: Well, where do you 
suggest we start? 

P of P: I would start with 
Willie Brown. He's the Speak- 
er of the Assembly now, and 
wields a great deal of power. 
He carries most of the drug 
liberalization and homosexual 
rights legislation. Find a 
powerful or rich dealer or a 
businessman in his district to 
help you out, and a lawyer to 
draft your bill language. I do 
anticipate some complications, 

CT: It all seems complicated 
to me, but go ahead, what do 
you see as a problem. 

P of P: No problem, just be 
prepared for complications. 
You see, the most important 
thing for Willie right now is to 
remain in power and build his 
warchest. That means he must 
curry friendships among Re- 
publicans and make his Demo- 
cratic allies happy at the same 
time — complicated when 
you're talking about drug laws. 

The speakers warchest is 
very important. He must raise 
hundreds of thousands of dol- 
lars in order to reward loyal 
Democrats in the Assembly. 
He also uses this money to 
secure loyalties of Democratic 
candidates running in close 
races. The Speaker can literally 
determine who he wants in the 
legislature and who he does not 
by deciding how he will bestow 
his gifts. For you, it might even 

be possible to give to a legisla- 
tor Willie wants to control or 
to a potential candidate in a 
district he is trying to secure 
for a Democrat. 

CT: So. Control lots of 
money going to Campaigns, 
push through obscure language 
in a bill introduced by a 
friendly legislator and ad- 
vocated by a persuasive, estab- 
lished constituent, and what 

P of P: And cross your fing- 
ers no one finds out or that the 
governor doesn't veto it. 

CT: Oh great. Any tips on 
how to prevent this? 

P of P: Yes, Make sure your 
lobbyist is powerful enough to 
threaten anyone who gets in 
the way. 

CT: Now who might that 

P of P: Ah, that's another 
story, another interview. First 
it is important that you are 
serious enough to venture into 
this jungle. Try your hand, you 
may be surprised. Alot de- 
pends on sheer luck. 

"There is no 
bribery, per se; 
nothing that can 
be documented 
or pointed out. " 

CT: Pendragon. How did 
you get to be so powerful? I 
mean, a person like you in all 
this business. . . how did you 
get such a reputation? 

P of P: Power? Reputation? 
Me? It is all appearance. . . and 
leverage. I unassumingly ma- 
nipulate the controllers and 
never look dangerous. But it 
takes intelligence, which is rare 
in this business. If you want 
my secret, go find the works of 
Archimedes, it is all there. 

CT: Again, I don't under- 

P of P: You will. Now if you 
will excuse me. 

With those words, the Pen- 
dragon rose and swiftly exited. 
I packed my gear hurriedly and 
tried to follow. She was al- 
ready in her house. I glanced 
through the window just to see 
if I could catch a glimpse of 
her. She was washing her 

Play it again, Sam. 

by Nadja Nechushatan Netzach 

I was walking leisurely down 
main street the other day when 
I happened to hear a rather 
loud voice from an overhead 
apartement window. For a mo- 
ment I thought SHe was talk- 
ing to me, but then realized 
that there was someone else up 

I recognized the voice im- 
mediately. It was Gaia. She 
was shouting and whining like 
a wounded mate; I couldn't 
help but overhear what she was 
saying. She was obviously talk- 
ing to her long lost lover 
Uranus who had, (I descerned 
from the tone of his voice) 
come back to make amends. 

"I give you all these 
secrets," she said, "and all you 
do is make a mess of things!" 

She scolded him for letting 
the Olympians defeat him. She 
told him that he had disgraced 
her and that it would take cen- 
turies for her to get over the 

I could hear him pleading 
with her in a soft voice, some- 
thing to the effect that it would 
be different this time. After all, 
he was madly in love with her. 
She began to cry, confessing 
that yes, she was hopelessly in 
love with him as well. 

She agreed to reveal yet 
another of her precious secrets 
to him, begging him to act 
responsibly and not to forget 
her this time. I heard her sweet 
melodious voice sing out to 
him: "We contain a sacred 
center which can and will sig- 
nal, search for, recognize, at- 
tract, turn on and fuse with the 
perfect beatific partner. This 
union will release and free the 
consciousness of both persons 
to synergistically produce in- 
telligent entities beyond the 
previously experienced limita- 


I- then heard them both 
laugh. Suddenly she began 
strumming her autoharp and 
singing quite joyously. I quick- 
ly pulled out my notebook and 
began jotting down the words. 
It went like this: 

As the midnight moon, 

was drifting through 
The lazy sway of the trees 
I saw the look in your eyes, 

lookin' into mine 
Seeing what you wanted to see 
Darlin' don't say a word, 

cause I already heard 
What your body's sayin' 

to mine 
I'm tired of fast moves 
I've got a slow groove. . . 
On my mind 

I want a man with a slow hand 
I want a lover with an 

easy touch 
I want somebody who will 

spend some time 
Not come and go in a 

heated rush 
I want somebody who will 

When it comes to love 

I want a slow hand 

On shadowed ground, 

with no one around 
And a blanket of stars in 

our eyes 
We are drifting free, 

like two lost leaves 
On the crazy wind of the night 
Darlin', don't say a word, 

'cause I already heard 
What your body's sayin' 

to mine 
If I want it all night 
You say it's alright 
We got the time 

'Cause I got a man with a 

slow hand 
I got a lover with an easy 

I found somebody who will 

spend some time 
Not come and go in a 

heated rush 
I found somebody who 

will understand 
When it comes to love, 

I want a slow hand 

leaps into another wave/orbit 
to become something else — 
when life no longer progresses 
as it did before. Here we are! 

CT: That's interesting 
alright. But are you sure? How 
do you know we are at this so 
called fulguratio point? 

LL: Are you sure you want 
to hear this? 

CT: It's your interview. 

LL: There is no where else 
we can be right now. You'll 
understand this more later. 

CT: Right. Well, what hap- 
pens after this great "creative 
flash" takes place? Do we turn 
into toads or princes. 

LL: We can only speculate, 
at this point, about what exact- 
ly a higher level of integration 
will look like. Every newly 
developed strata of existence 
has the characteristics of the 
previous level, and yet is entire- 
ly different. The "creative 
flash" signifies a shift in 
essence rather than degree. Let 
me ask you something. What 
kind of future are you projec- 
ting? Would you rather be a 
toad or a prince? 

CT: Okay. But what does 
your political work have to do 
with these ideas? I don 't see the 
connection at all. 

LL: I see no difference be- 
tween what we observe on the 
cosmic scale, and what we can 
more readily observe locally. 
"Political work" as you call it, 
is merely the active use of 
social and institutional tools to 
direct changes in local systems 
— although it usually ends up 
just using money to get what 
you want. Still, it makes no 
s "-nse to want to shove around 
what you can't conceptually 
understand. That's why it is 
worthwhile to have the larger 

CT: Your larger picture? 

LL Not necessarily. A scien- 
tific paradigm will do. 

CT: But you 're not a scien- 
tist. How does science fit into 
your scheme here? 

LL: Who says? Science is 
simply a habit of mind. The 
problem with the people we 
call politicians is that they rare- 
ly have any point of view ex- 
cept I-rule-this-mountain-and- 
It's the psychological frame- 
work that's most important in 
this change making business — 
or politics if you prefer. I 
figure that all of change 
depends on myth — what you 
can get people to believe so 
they will act on it. One is either 
making the myths, or believing 
in someone else's. I prefer to 
be a mythmaker. 

CT: So politics for you is 
making myth? 

LL: In a sense. The question 
is: How good are your myths, 
and who wants to believe 

CT: Actually I find yours 
rather fascinating. But this 
science and space underpinning 
to your political mythmaking I 
find odd. 

LL: Let me ask you, do you 
believe that Higher Intelligence 
is a useful concept? 

CT: Yes, I think so. 

LL: What is your definition 
of Higher Intelligence. 

CT: Tough one. 

LL: What is your definition 
of Intelligence? 

CT: Wait, wait. I'm not un- 
derstanding this. Let 's go back 
and review some of your as- 
sumptions, I think that will 
help. You said that the planet 
has now reached this fulguratio 
point, and that there is no 
where else — holistically 
speaking I assume — that we 
can be right now. So lets ex- 
plore these myths of yours. 
Why do you think space travel 
is so necessary for the planet's 
success? Isn't that what you 
are saying, that space travel is 
important for all humans right 
now? Why do you say that? 

LL: Alright, lets start from 
the beginning. First lets agree 
on the definition of success, 
because that's what I'm really 
talking about. 

CT: Okay, what about suc- 
cess on this planet? 

LL: Briefly we can say that 
success is the degree to which 
the species generates wealth on 
the planet for its survival and 
continuance. We can also 
broadly define wealth as the 
goods (or resources) and ser- 
vices that sustain life and 
growth. Without this process 
the old Locust-god gets you by 
the short hairs for good. 

The process of wealth gener- 
ation is the important factor 
here. Looking at history we see 
that wealth generation is possi- 
ble only when humans compre- 
hend the potentials for wealth 
that exist in the natural en- 
vironment, which if properly 
manipulated can support all of 
life. So at this point we can 
say: the first principle of 
wealth generation is intelli- 
gence. Next, to stay successful 
— things are likely to change at 
any time — we must keep up 
this wealth generation. And in 
order to continue to grow, we 
must sustain wealth generation 
in greater increments and at 
greater intervals. This is possi- 
ble only when we can find ways 

to sustain wealth generation 
exogenetically. That is, we 
must find ways to manipulate 
the environment that exceed 
the arbitrary limits of the 
human organism. That Is a 
long way of saying we must 
continue to develop better 
tools and principles of science. 
Tools and science give us a 
certain leveraging power — 
something Archimedes found 
out a long time ago. This 
leveraging power together with 
brain power allows for yet 
another variable of wealth 
generation. Brain power and 
leveraging power can be em- 
ployed to get nature's energy 
patterns to do the work of con- 
tinuing the species' growing 
wealth making business. So we 
can say: Wealth generation is 
energy plus intelligence. Can 
you see where I'm going? 

'Try to tlii)ik of sometJiin<i that 
doesn't require dollars'' 

CT: It should make sense I 
guess. But I don 't see how this 
relates to space travel, let alone 
the Peripheral Canal which is 
what I wanted to talk about. 

LL: Just bear with me and 
I'll show you how everything 
we have been talking about fits 
together. Besides, don't you 
find this interesting? 
CT: Well, I think so, yes. 
LL: Now. Science has shown 
us that through the Law of 
Conservation of Energy that 
energy cannot be created or 
destroyed. So we can say that 
one constituent of wealth — 
energy — is irreducible. We 
know too that the entire 
universe as Einstein has de- 
duced, is energy — E'MC 2 
Some of the energy in the 
universe is observable as 
associative patterns we call 
matter. This "associative 
energy" is what we organize in- 
to leverage systems to do work. 
The dissociative energy pat- 
terns — or radiation — is the 
free energy that we use to in- 
crease the output of our lever- 
age systems. Very simple. 

Every time the species uses 
the other component of wealth 
— hir intelligence — that re- 
source increases. So at this 
point we can say: Energy can- 
not decrease intelligence can 
only increase. Wealth then, can 
only increase when intellect 
and energy combine, and, 
wealth will increase only with 
use and will increase as fast as 
it is used. Or, in other words, 
the faster the more. 

CT: Well I follow you so far 
but what does space travel have 
to do with what you just said? 

LL: I will show that space 
travel is the only logical thing 
the species can do in order to 
continue to be a success on the 
planet, to continue it's wealth 
generating business. 

CT: I don't see exactly how 
you can conclude that, but go 

LL: Well, first of all it is not 
hard to see the species has 
always moved toward greater 
and greater wealth generation. 
If we observe the basic constit- 
uents of wealth generation it 
means we have also moved 
toward greater use of energy 
and increased intelligence. 
Looking a little closer at the 
process and observing the hu- 
man organism carefully we 
find that the drive toward 
greater wealth generation is 
literally wired into the biocir- 
cuitry of the individual. It is 
directed, altered and enhanced 
by the neuro-transmitting 
chemicals in the body and is 
(continued, page 7) 

continually manifested out- 
wardly in the world as a desire 
for mastery; mastery of the 
planet, mastery of other spe- 
cies, mastery of tribes of the 
same species, mastery of infor- 
mation. Power. 

Our history books are filled 
with the telling of the process. 
Entire philosophies and reli- 
gions have developed around 
this programmed drive. And 
while we can see this drive 
manifested in an endless varie- 
ty of human activities, there 
are two major human activities 
that have served as the medium 
for mastery activity: war and 
entrepreneurialship. Humans 
seem to always wage war and 
always lust for personal 
wealth, sometimes, but not 
always at the same time. I am 
speaking of course of the basic 
drives here — sort of like the 
basil metabolic system of the 
planet. This phenomenon has 
lead many sociologist and his- 
torians to conclude that all 
scientific and technological ad- 
vances have come about 
through war. When we focus 
on the entrepreneurial pheno- 
menon — as an economist is 
likely to do — we say that 
scientific and technological ad- 
vances happen more readily in 
a system disposed toward the 
acquisition of personal wealth, 
that is, in a capitalist system. 
Actually it is more accurate to 
say that both activities — war 
and the process of personal 
wealth acquisition — are the 
mass, species-wide extension of 
the programmed mastery 

CT: You wouldn't disagree 
with the statement then, that 
war and capitalism bring about 

LL: No. For simplicity's 
sake we can say that. But we 
should be careful not to be 
trapped into thinking that war 
and capitalistic activities are 
the only mastery motivated ac- 
tivities that bring about major 

CT: When do we get into 

LL: I'm getting to that. But 
first lets look a little closer at 
change. We know that wealth 
generation is the process of in- 
creased energy and intelligence 
that continues to improve our 
leverage system through mas- 
tery activities such as war and 
entrepreneurial activity. All 
of these things — happening 
on a continuum — are change. 

Changes generated through 
major mastery activities are al- 
ways introduced back into the 

species' wealth generating 
systems — systems that are al- 
ways moving in a "more and 
faster" direction, as we have 
discussed earlier. 

What I've just described is 
pretty generally known al- 
ready. But when changes are 
introduced into wealth generat- 
ing systems we observe another 
phenomenon not generally dis- 
cussed, but one I wish to focus 
on. It is simply INEFFICIEN- 

CT: I don't know about 
that, I hear a lot about ineffi- 
ciency, expecially now days. 

LL: It is more important 
than you think. Most physicists 
would like to link inefficiency 
to ENTROPY. In their gloom 
they go to great lengths to 
prove our eventual disintegra- 
tion into chaos. That well 
known "Second Law" of ther- 
modynamics describes the 
physical universe they say — 
energies escape from systems 
creating a fallout that is tabled 
the Law of increase of the ran- 
dom element. Period. BUT. 
Along comes Prigogine. Along 
comes the theory of Dissipative 
structures — structures of IN- 
TELLIGENCE with ever in- 
creasing orderliness, change, 
complexity, change, acid so on 
and so on. Intelligence is AN- 
TTENTROPIC. Wealth gener- 
ation is a complex of ever in- 
creasing anti-entropic forces 
co-functioning equally in the 
universe. So. 

What am I getting at? Ob- 
serve things fuck up. Observe 
that when change is introduced 
into any system, things fuck 
up. There is a very quiet but 
definite relationship between 
change and efficiency. What 
we must come to terms with is 
the fact that there is a inverse 
relationship between change 
and efficiency. The faster 
changes move in one direction, 
the faster efficiencies move in 
the other. If a change is in- 
troduced into a system that al- 
ters any part of that systems' 
capabilities, you are equally in- 
troducing an inefficiency that 
will inevitably limit that sys- 
tem's capabilities. Inefficien- 
cies will grow at the same rate 
as change. 

CT: How can that be? We 
introduce changes in all our 
world systems all the time. A nd 
given the degree of change we 
experience, if your supposition 
were true, everything would be 
crashing down around us in a 
total dysfunctional mess! 

LL: Ah! You are on to 
something! Our common ex- 

perience tells us that something 
else is going on. Something 
must account for the fact that 
progress has not, so far, 
brought us to the brink of a 
dysfunctional mess! 

CT: Okay. That's what I'm 
saying. There has to be some- 
thing else going on. 

LL: There is. We can say at 
this point: There is an inverse 
relationship between change 
and efficiency, and that the 
faster the changes are intro- 
duced the more inefficient the 
system becomes — unless — 
the entire system undergoes 
ephermeralization at the same 

CT: Ephermeralization. 
Good god. Now what? 

loading up the ship — chang- 
ing nothing about the ship? It 
would, with a great inefficient 
flair, sink. During war, the ad- 
mirals were determined to get 
their ships to go faster and 
carry more hitting power, and 
to do that they had to continue 
to load up their ships. To con- 
tinually change the load cf 
their ships without having the 
ship sink from its continuing 
incapacity, required the in- 
telligence of ship designers 
figuring out how to do more 
with less. Those who eventual- 
ly became the masters of the 
world's oceans did so by be- 
coming masters of doing-more- 
with-less: ephermeralization. 
Designers had to do even more 

'Intelligence is Antientropic' 

LL: It's a term coined by 
Buckminster Fuller that means 
"doing-more-with-less." I 
have yet to find a term that 
more accurately describes this 
process. In a way, ephemerali- 
zation has the qualities of both 
change and efficiency. It is 
more like the catalytic agent. 

Let me give you a common 
example. Ships were designed 
to float. The limit to its float- 
ability, as Archimedes pointed 
out, was the weight of a vol- 
ume of water equal to that of 
the submerged portion below 
the water line. The more that 
was loaded into the ship the 
lower it sank and the more 
water it displaced. But suppose 
you just wanted to continue 

with less in the air, and in space 
we will have to even more with 

CT: So space travel has 
something to do with this 
doing-mo -<>- with-less? 

LL: Yes. I'll get to that. 
Let's look at the efficiency 
dilemma for a moment first. 
World systems are presently so 
inefficient that our wealth 
generating business can only 
serve 44% of the world's 
population adequately. So 
even with our present knowl- 
edge and technological capa- 
bilities we must accept the fact 
that 56% of the world's 
population will die off prema- 
turely. Those of us in the 44% 
(continued, page 8) 

are thus forced to support the 
military machines and war sys- 
tems that keep the other 56% 
from blowing our asses off. 
And yet consider All we would 
have to do to make the world 
physically successful is to raise 
the overall efficiency of our 
wealth generating systems 
from 4% to 12%. Anything 
else Is Just political ca-ca that 
justifies taking from one group 
and giving to another. Simply. 
If we pay attention to the inef- 
ficiencies we can make every- 
one successful. I am not even 
saying anything new. Design 
engineers have known this for 

CT: Then why are't we 
working on the inefficiencies? 
IX: Increasing inefficiencies 
should stimulate us toward 
more rapid ephemeralization. 
But ephemeralization is not 
taking place fast enough and 
inefficiencies are soaring. The 
question is: What happens 
when ephemeralization cannot 
keep up with the inefficiencies 
brought on by rapid change? 
When no matter how much we 
do with less, inefficiencies in 
the systems continue to take 
our time, capital and energy in 
order just to stay hi one place? 
Right now there is currently no 
place on earth where we can 
scientifically introduce changes 
without being forced to deal 
with an overwhelming ineffi- 
ciency variable. 

CT: Are you saying that 
from now on the only place we 
can generate new and efficient 
wealth generating systems is by 
getting into space? 

LL: Yes you see, the change/ 
inefficiency ratio works like a 
negative feedback loop. Like a 
thermometer. We know some- 
thing is wrong when the thing 
won't run without a soaring 

CT: And getting into space 
will solve this problem? 

IX: It is the only way to con- 
tinue to increase intelligence 
and carry on our wealth gener- 
ation business. Here we are on- 
ly standing still. It is also a 
non-warlike move that will 
allow us to bring back infor- 
mation to the planet on a large 
scale. And then there is always 
fulguratio. Who knows what 
that could bring. 

CT: Isn't there any hope for 
us right here, right now? 

LL: You shouldn't look at 
things that way. We are simply 
experiencing an important part 
of the overall information sys- 
tem. Without inefficiencies — 
which really are a crucial part 
of change — we could very well 

collapse of our own ignorance. 
Getting into space is the 
planet's self-regulating 
mechanism that keeps the in- 
creasing intelligent wealth 
generating, evolutionary, mass 

CT: Gee, I don't know. 
Doesn 't sound safe to me. Will 
it hurt? 

IX: It's all in the way you 
look at it. Is birth painful? Yes 
and no. Inevitable? Yes, once 
the process is under way. Bite 
the apple and you bite the bul- 
let (smiles). Now. Who did it 
and why? — Mythmaking. 
You gotta figure that one out 
for yourself. 

CT: This may sound a bit 
weird at this point in our con- 
versation, but why did you get 
involved with the peripheral 
canal fight? 

LL: Ephermeralization. 
Change. I have a few bit parts 
in this drama right now to 
make sure that we don't col- 
lapse from the weight of our 
own ignorance. Understand 

CT: I think so. 

'Bite the apple 
and you bite the 
bullet 1 

LL: Here. I've worked out a 
little equation that I think ac- 
curately represents the planet's 
evolution. Work with it a 
while. It says, if you want to 
stay here, I 1 has to stay low. 
And if I 1 isn't kept low, 
nothing moves — unless we 
move Into space and learn how 
to get it back down. Then we 
get out there — and then — 
fulgaratiol We ain't what we 
are. Great, huh? This may be 
all this particular planet in this 
particular galaxie does. Over 


E= Evolution 

e= ephemeralization 

1= Inefficiencies 

W= Wealth 

and over and over again: ever 
think of that? 

CT: No, can 't say as I have. 
LL: I just want to hang 
around long enough to see the 
next step. It would be a real 
disappointment to miss the 

CT: But how can you do 
that? Do you plan to live 

LL: Well, yes. But that's 
another interview. Right now 
I'm doing the only thing I can 

It'll take a lot of hard work, computers and calculations to see if 
we can get things to work. Right now, it's just a glimmer in my 
eye, a bright one nevertheless, an intuition of the third kind. I've 
got some equations that look good, real good. We have to pro- 
ceed ahead now with a serious theoretical effort. 

Jack Sarfatti 'New Physics'. 

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A Sacramento group charged 
Tuesday that Assembly Speaker Wil- 
lie Brown sidetracked a bill banning 
drug paraphernalia after receiving a 
$15,500 campaign contribution from 
that industry. 

Brown acknowledged receiving 
the contribution but denied influenc- 
ing the fate of the bill. 

"Absolutely ludicrous," said a 
spokeswoman for Brown; 

Brown received two contributions 
of $7,500 each the week after the bill 
cleared the Senate on a 31-0 vote in 
June, said Carla Lowe, president of 
Community Action Against Drug 
Abuse. ' 

She said records show the money 
came from the California Progres- 
sive, Business Association, which she 
identified as a "drug paraphernalia 

The June contributions, coupled 
with a $500 contribution in April, 
made the association the largest 
P single contributor to Brown's cam- 
paign during the previous 18 
l months, Lowe said. 

Mrs. Lowe said that several 
Assembly members who had prom- 
It' isfcd to sponsor or support the legsla- 
jfi'Hion backed away from it after 
campaign contributions to .Brown 
% \ and others. 

The bill, SB341 by Sen. Newton 
Russell, R-Glendale, got only six of 
the eight votes needed to get 
through the Assembly Criminal Jus- 
tice Committee. ' 

Lowe blasted Assemblyman Mat- 
thew MarUnez, D-Montebello, ' for 
agreeing to co-author the bill, then 
not showing up for the. committee 

meeting. ' / 

I She said a parent associated with 
her group was told Martinez was 
"waiting for a call from WlUle 
Brown" shortly beiore the commit- 
tee meeting. 

A spokeswoman for Martinez said 
he missed the committee meeting 
because he had to work on a free- 
way hiU that was more Important fa. 

Lowe said Assemblyman Richard 
Floyd, D-Hawthorne, agreed to sup- 
port the bill, but then led the opposi- 
tion during the committee hearing. 

Lowe also said that the original 
version of the anti-paraphernalia bill 
this year, AB1919 by Assemblywom- 
an Maxine Waters, D-Los Angeles, 
died under suspicious circumstance s 
in the Assembly in April when a 
document was lost and a rule waiver 
was not granted. 

The amendments made later to 
the Russell bill would baa the sale, 
display, manufacture and possession 
of drug paraphernalia. 

Lowe said Sen. Ed Davis, R- 
Chatsworth, will join Russell as a 
principal author of the bill when it is 
reconsidered by the Assembly com- 
mittee next year. 

If that fails, she said, the group 
will probably try to place an initia- 
tive on the ballot. 

The group headed by Lowe, which 
says it is a coalition of 8,000 individ- 
uals and more than 100 organiza- 
tions, helped push for local anti- 
paraphernalia ordinances in Sacra- 

\ The advisory board includes Sac- 
ramento County District Attorney 
Herb Jackson, Sacramento Police 
Chief John Kearns and Sacramento „ 
Sheriff Duane Lowe, no relation to 
the campaign's organizer. 8 

Lowe acknowledged that the evi- 
dence to support her charge is 

"When people who were with us 
turn against us, and when then I 
find those kind of recordings of - 
financial contributions, I feel If he 
(Brown) wanted that bill out, it 
would have come out," Lowe said. 

Bobbie Metzger, Brown's press 
secretary, said the speaker "has < 
never had a conversation with 
Marty Martinez or Dick Floyd about 
SB341. Any charge that be inter- 
vened because of any kind of a 
campaign contribution is absolutely 





New breed's new weapon: money 


Besides recruiting a volume of voters 
-to your cause, there Is another effective 
way of getting what you want In politics. 
- Give money. 

Traditionally, environmentalists have 
depended on truth and justice to win 
campaigns. Maybe that's why they think 
they are losing the war. 

But a new breed of environmentalist 
.now believes that environmental deci- 
sions don't hinge on what's morally right 
or wrong but on how the Issues affect 
' business. 

Mark Vandervelden of Friends of the 
. garth said recently that environmental- 
ists "have a choice of relying on moral 
"and ethical considerations or pragmatic 
and political ones — putting bucks In 
• people's pockets." 

The trend seems to be heading toward 
the pragmatic. 

■ LORELL LONG, founder of a new 
group called the Corporation for the 
Environment, puts It simply, "Decisions 
arc being made in the arena of politics. 
We aren't above or apart from that." 

Long's new corporation, started last 
year with a federal grant, Is directed at 
pointing out the business aspects of 
environmental protection to legislators. 

In a new trade association she is 
forming, Long Is bent on recruiting 
business owners who may not even think 
Ihey are part of the environmental move- 

The corner fishing supply store, for 

example, can take as much as $1,000 
from a steelhead fisherman who is over- 
joyed at catching one fish. 

IF PESTICIDE regulations aren't 
strong enough to prevent fish kills from 
drifting agricultural chemicals, however, 
the supply store could lose. . 

The new trade association will recruit 
Interests so diverse that farmers may be 
partners with river-rafting companies In 
backing things such as pesticide laws 
that protect water quality. 

The bottom line, of course, is that 
businesses pay dues to the association. 
Long, in turn, uses the money to support 
candidates favoring the group's beliefs. 

"Legislators want to make the right 
decisions," she said, "but they need all 
the Information. We will show them that 
It may end up costing us less if we pay 
attention to environmental protection." 

SHE SAID decisions will ultimately be 
made not by choosing goodness or truth 
over pollution, "it will be one Industry's 
survival over another." 

Pacific Gas and Electric Co. may need 
a new power plant, for example, but 
farmers may suffer largo crop losses 
from coal pollution. Long wants to make 
sure decision makers know the end 

Long believes that until now no one has 
represented the environmental business. 
To her, It's a new way to preserve the 
environment but a way that may alienate 
some tradltionaf conservationists who 
think the movement has gone to the 

Vandervelden sees It as a possible way 
to organize scattered environmentalists 
who have been living temporary political 

NO ONE HAS organanized environ- 
mentalists under one general banner 
before. Vandervelden believes people 
would rally to save a tree, a river or a' 
valley and then go home when the job 
was done.-- -~ . 

"In any major campaign, " v he said, "I 
doubt our ability to deliver support. We 
have not formed a unified constituency 
capable of winning a political race." 

Huey Johnson, director of the state 
Resources Agency and a historic environ- 
mentalist, thinks the corporation is "a 
dynamic Idea." 

He said he realizes "the Importance of 
rewarding your friends" and that with 
open reporting of where contributions 
come from there can't be abuse. 

"THE GOVERNOR was strengthened 
rather than hurt by reporting environ- 
mentalist contributions," Johnson said. 

Although some groups seem to ebb and 
die on one particular Issue, Johnson said 
there are other groups with large mem- 
berships that are always In the battle. 

He mentioned the Environmental 
Defense Fund, which frequently takes 
Issues to court and covers topics ranging 
from land policy to toxic chemicals. 

There are also the Audubon Society 
and Sierra Club, which Johnson called 
"the queens of the environmental chess 

Frank Goodson, a former assistant to 
Johnson who is now a volunteer In raising 

funds for Gov. Brown's run for the White 
House, said that traditionally It Is busi- 
ness and money that swing elections. 

"BUT, IN A short period of time we 
have raised as much from environmen- 
talists as they gave In the last cam- 
paign," he said. That should mean about 

Both Johnson and Goodson said that 
the last gubernatorial campaign was the 
first time environmentalists In the state 
came forward with money for a candi- 

Apparently both the giver and taker 
liked the Idea. 

Long feels that money she collects 
from business Interests will be an advan- 
tage In the Legislature because It will 
pay for expert advice on environmental 

Facts are more compelling than some- 
one getting up and saying, "We love the 
lobster. Let's save the lobster," she said. 

THE CORPORATION will never be 
able to pour the money that PG&E does 
Into campaigning for things, Long said, 
but "the fact that we are there, are 
consistent and are playing In the game 
will be Important." 

Long thinks the axiom that "truth will 
prevail" happens only In a vacuum. 
Environmentalists have to make a tre- 
mendous leap from that position to 
Long's corporation. 

But, she said, "to avoid the questions 
of business and economics In the environ- 
mental picture Is to be In the monas- 

Lorell Long 

StoH Photo-by Henry Ao 

. ■ I « l!.» ~ l » 




• i.' 

More than an 
to cement: 

. . « • - 

Lorell Long fights back 

■-v: ■ 

Lorell Long, co-chair of the California Coalition Against the Peripheral Canal. 
Gary Fowler „, . - ■■>*>. 

Chico 's City Plaza was ringed last 
week by a human . chain, the 
solemn participants staging a noon- j 
time vigil in remembrance of August 6, 
1945, when a 400-pound nuclear bomb 
exploded over Hiroshima. 

The 100 people who silently marked 
the 35th anniversary of the birth of 
nuclear devastation— and fears of 
devastations yet to come— drew scant 
attention from passing motorists hurry- 
ing down Main St. 

■ Lorell Long stood before a TV camera 
one block away, talking to KHSL-TV 
reporter Deborah Campbell. Lorell 
Long drew even less attention. Long 
• was in Chico to talk about devastation, 
about destruction, about a new catas- 
trophe. Lorell Long was here to talk 
about the Peripheral Canal. 

As Long was interviewed in front of. 
the KHSL studios^ reporters paced 

impatiently in the lobby of the Chico 
Municipal Center, directly across the 
street. The journalists had been 
summoned for a press conference .at 
the Center in order to hear Long and 
supervisor Jane Dolan announce the 
start of a massive effort to halt 
construction of the Peripheral Canal. 

Dolan hurried across the red carpet. 
She had hastily organized Long's 
appearance and all was not well. 

"Well guys," she shrugged, "we 
can't seem to get the door to the 
meeting room opened." 

The co-chair of the recently-organiz- 
ed. California Coalition Against the